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Full text of "Somerset County historical quarterly"

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EN COUNTY P.UBLIC LIBRARY 



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Gc 974.901 SoSsom v. 5 

Somerset County Historical 
Quarterly 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/somersetcountyhi05hone_0 



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Somerset County 
Historical Quarterly 



EDITOR: 

A. VAN DOREN HONEYMAN 

PLAINFIELD, NEW JERSEY 



PUBLICATION COMMITTEE: 

A. Van Doren Honeyman Alexander G. Anderson 

James J. Bergen John F. Reger 

Joshua Doughty Mrs. William W. Smallcy 



Vol. V— 1916 



SOMERVILLE, NEW JERSEY 

SOMERSET COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

PUBLISHERS 



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M» County Wg»*"« 

900 VJebster SUeet 



v '«■ 677 



List of Illustrations 



Facing Pagx 

Academy at Baskinc Ridge, The Old -------- 241 

Oak Tree at Basking Ridge, The Ancient ,241 

.involution ary houses — boylan house, pluckemin - - - - l6l 

Revolutionary Houses — Fenner House, Pluckemin ----- 81 

Revolutionary Houses — Lord Stirling House, Basking Ridge - - - 81 

Revolutionary Houses — McEowen House, Pluckemin - - - - 161 

View of Reception Room in Washington Rock Park Lodge - - - 1 

Washington Rock Park Lodge ---- 1 



printed at the office of 

the unionist-gazette association 

somerville, new jersey 



Contents 



LEADING ARTICLES. 

PAGES 

American Army, Movements of the, en 

Somerset Durug hie Revolution Rev. T. E. Davis - - 161 

Ancestors of Somerset Famcues, Ear- 
liest American - A. Van Doren Honcyman - 119,188,272 

Dutch Ancestors, Some Interesting 

Glimpses of £arly - John Neafie ... s^ 

Early Records of Monmouth and Mid- 
dlesex ------------ iSo 

First Reform ei> Ch \ ;rc h . R ar i tan ( Sola - 

erville) baptisms - ' - - , - - - - - 64,147,2. 

Frelingbuysen Controversy, The Fa- 
mous Rev. Wm. Stockton Cranmer, D. D. 81 

Franklin Township Burying-Ground 

Inscriptions : - Jacob Wyckoff 

Bennst Farm - - - - - - -.-. 

Cedar Grove ----- --.___ 

Garret .ion. Farrr. ---------- 

Smaliey Farm - - - ------ zx. 

Franklin Tcv/nshjp Historical Notes KcU>i V.oodUn - 25.: :■ • 

Gaston FamIEY^Lxnes of Somerset - Mrs. Anna Reger Cation - 33,1- 

Inn, The History of an Olb - - James J. Berger. - 

Jurist, A Famous Western, Native of 

Somerset A. Van Doren Honcyman - 1 

Kalm's Journey Through New Jersey, 

174S m 

ICinnan, "Aunt Polly", The Pension 

Secured for - Rev. Oscar M. I'oorhees, D. D. 106 

Kirkpatrtck Family Line of "Royalty." 

The - A. Van Doren Honey man - 171 

Lane Eurying-Gkound Inscriptions ------- 49 

"Messler Family Genealogy," Import- 
ant Corrections in the - - John Neafie - 263 

Military Of-er ations in Somerset Coun- 
ty in 1777 John J. DeMott - - 1507 

North Plainfield Township Burying- 
Ground Inscriptions --- ------ 

Paris Revolution, A Somerset Native 

Views a ------ |£g 

Readington Church Baptisms from 

1720 ------ Rev. B. V. D. Wyckoff 56,144.231.301 

Revolutionary Pensioners, Somerset 

County 

Rynearson (Van Hencfl) Family, 

Notes on the - - - - - Edward Kinscy V<wrhecs - ->> 



Somerset County Marriages — 1795-1879 ------ 51,150,223 

Somerset Patriotism Preceding the 

Revolutionary War --------- 241 

South Middlebush Graveyard Inscrip- 
tions Jacob Wyckoff - 1 40,218 

Townships and Township Government 

in Somerset, Development of - Rev. Oscar M. Voorhees, D. D. 247 

Van Derveer Burying-Ground Inscrip- 

scriptions -- =0 

Voorhees-Nevius Burying-Ground In- 
scriptions Mrs. Sarah V. Clark - 294 

Vroom, Col. Peter D., The Revolution- 
ary Officer - - - - - Garret D. IV. Vroom - - 254 

Wyckoff Family, Notes on the - - William F. Wyckoff - - 134^207 

HISTORICAL NOTES AND COMMENTS 

Bryan, Judge John, Some Notes Renewal of the "Old Dutch 

About 151 Parsonage" 8c 

Bryan, Judge, Inscription on McDonald, George, Some Uvpub- 

Tomb of 232 lished Facts About L.w.- 
Colonial Marriage License yer, and the McDonald 

(Vroom Dumont), A - 80 Family 70 

Conewago, Pa,, Marriages, Some 78 Peapack, The Indian "Towne" of 312 

Dunham, Azariah, County Map 315 Pike, Gen. Zebui.on M., a Native 

De Hart, Rev. Dr. Wm. H., of Somerset - - - 309 

Death of 156 Pluckemin Houses iu the Ff.ovt- 

i*EN.NER House at Pluckemin, ispiece, The Two - - B34 

The ----- 153 Quoting From Old Documents - 3 ti 

Hunterdon County Historical Rutgers, The Anniversary of - 

Society, The . - - 155 Somerset County Indian Deed - 313 

Lamington, The Name - - 311 Somerset County Medical Socte- 

Local Events, Some Recent: ty, Centennial of the - 235 

Death of Rev. Samuel Parry - 78 Somerville Improvement Asso- 

175th Anniversary of Laming- ciation, The - - - 232 

ton Church 79 Stirling (Lord) House Illustra- 

Neshanic Reformed Church tion, The - - - - 156 

Pastorates 79 Washington Rock Park Memor- 
ial T^ 

DEPARTMENT OF NOTES AND QUERIES 

Adams ------ 238 Lamington Church Farm - - 15S 

Arrowsmith-Chiwis - - - 319 Livings ajfi 

Auten-Smock - - - - 319 McDonald-McPike - - - 160 

Bergen-Probasco 160 Middalgh -Hunter - - - 238 

Black ford- Coon - 160 Sloan - r;; 

Bowman 236 Spader-Vandlrrilt - - - 319 

Coejeman House, The - - 159 Steuben, Baron - - - - 156 

Cranmer ----- 236 Stryker-Griggs - - - 237 

Duncan __.-- 240 Talmage - - - - I5B 

Kirkpatrick-Gordon - Hageman- Van Dyke-Bv:ekman 158 

Ostrum - - - - 317 Van Liew-VVyckoff- Voorhees - 139 

Kirkpatrick-Lewis - - - 316 Voorhees Van Liew - 






' JANUARY, ?' 



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Publication Commit! 



A. Van Dor*m Hcnsyrnan 

Joshua Doiighty, Jr. 
Mix*. Mary B, Sanborn 



Alexander G, Andr 

John F. Keger 

Mn. William W^ Smaller 






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Somerville, New Jersey 
Somerset County Historical S 

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A Famous Western Jurist, Native of Somerset By. A. Van Daren 

Honcyman ---------- 7 

Military Operations in Somerset County in 1777. By John J . DeMott 15 
Franklin Township Historical Notes (Continue I): .'••. tl 

' Ralph Voorhees - - 25 

Kalnrs Journey Through New Jersey, 1748 - - - - - 25 

Gaston Family Lines of Somerset. By Mrs. Anna Reger Gaston - 33 
Somerset County Revolutionarv Pensioners - - - -.."'- 4> 

Various Burying- Ground Inscriptions: Lane; Van Dcryeer - - 49 
Somerset County Marriages — 1 705-1879 (Continued) - - - 51 
Readington Church Baptisms from 1720 (Continued). 
First Reformed Church, Raritan (Somerville) Baptisms [} 64 

Historical and. Other Comments ----- - j 

Some Unpublished Facts About Lawyer George -Mel - and 
the McDonald Family— Washington Rock Park Memorial — 
■ Some Conewago, Pa., Marriages — Some Recent Le-ce : Events 
, (Death of Rev. Samuel Parrr: 175th Anniversary c : I 
ton Church: Neshaiiic Reformed Church Pastorates; Re- 
newal of the "Old Dutch Parsonage"; — A Colonial V 
■ Licence. - 



Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



This magazine of local history, biography and geneabjy. ic'.r, - - 
for the present exclusively to Somerset County, New Jer - . be oi 

eighty pages quarterly, issued in January, Aprii, July and October. 

Subscription price $2.00 per year, payable strictly in a 

Address all subscriptions and payments for c r.me to the T; 
Alexander G. Anderson, SomerviKe, New Jersey. 

Address all communications respecting articles in the Ql v to 

the Editor, A, Van Daren Honeyrr.an, Plainfield, New Jersey. 
Published by the 

SOMERSET COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

S Ml K\ U LS, N 

Enttrt'd at the i\-<si Office Jt Somerville, K. J., as sti 



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SOMERSET COUNTY 

HISTORICAL QUARTERLY 



Vol. 5 SOMERVILLE, NEW JERSEY, JANUARY, I916. No. I 



A FAMOUS WESTERN JURIST, NATIVE OF SOMERSET 

BY A. VAN DOREN HONEYMAN, PLAINFIELD, N. J. 

Hon. Isaac Blackford, the most distinguished Judge in Indiana for a 
period of thirty-five years, who died fifty-six years ago in Washington, 
D. C, while a Federal Judge of the Court of Claims, is almost as little 
known to living residents of Somerset County as the last Khan of Tar- 
tary. As he left this County when a young lawyer about one hundred 
and four years ago, and there is no evidence at hand that he ever came 
N back to it except once, it may not be a matter of wonder that there are 
such slight mentions of him by our local and none by our State historians, 
or that no traditions exist among us as to his appearance or character. 
But in the Hoosier State he reached the very summit of his profession, 
and there cast great honor on his birthplace. It is well worth while, 
therefore, that his splendid judicial record should be made known to the 
people of his native County, although great difficulties have been encount- 
ered in gleaning all the exact facts of his life from the mass of con- 
tradictory statements made in what has been published concerning him 
in the State of his adoption. 

Curiously enough, in no account given of Judge Isaac Blackford in 
Indiana, whether immediately after his death or since, is there a plain 
statement of his parentage or ancestry. In only one Somerset publica- 
tion has his father's name been given — by Rev. T. E. Davis in his pamph- 
let, "First Houses of Bound Brook" (p. 18). 

Isaac's father was Joseph Blackford, a merchant at Bound Brook, 
this County, who was born about 1757, and died May 22, 1800, when 
Isaac was only 13 years of age. His wife was Mary Staats, to whom 
I shall refer hereafter. Joseph is buried in the Presbyterian churchyard 
at Bound Brook, and on his tombstone is this singular verse, which has 
occasionally gone the rounds of the newspapers: 
1 



2 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

"Here lies the patron of his time; 
Blackford expired in his prime, 
Who, three years short of forty-seven, 
Was found full time and fit for heaven. 
But for our loss, wer't in my power, 
I'd weep an everlasting shower." 

It would be interesting to know if his son had any hand in the production 
of this unique memorial verse. 

Joseph Blackford, to be mentioned again presently, was, according to 
Mr. Davis, the son of an "Anthony" Blackford, who is said to have built 
a'house in Bound Brook (on land purchased from a David Cussart) in 
1744. It may be so, but I believe this to be an error. There was a Daniel 
Blackford, as early a settler as Anthony, in Bridgewater township, whose 
will of March 20, 1778, probated October 14, 1778, (Trenton Wills, Book 
20, p. 137), shows he had a daughter Margaret, and two sons, Daniel 
and Joseph, and I have every reason to think this Daniel was the father 
of the Joseph of Bound Brook, instead of Anthony. Joseph Blackford 
certainly had a brother Daniel, who seems to have kept a tannery, but 
was later a merchant, and who died Aug. 21, 18 14. The will of a Ben- 
jamin Blackford, "unmarried," of Bridgewater, probated October 18. 
1797 (Trenton Wills, Book 37, p. 1), devised his estate to his "brother 
Daniel," if living; if not, to Daniel's wife Johanna. Daniel and Joseph, 
therefore, had a brother Benjamin ; that he is not mentioned in the elder 
Daniel's will of 1778 might seem to throw doubt on the parentage of the 
elder Daniel, but there may have been good reasons. So, at present, 
Joseph's grandfather may be considered as Daniel. 1 

All three brothers, Benjamin, Daniel and Joseph, seem to have served 
as privates in the New Jersey militia in the Revolutionary War (as per 
Trenton military records), and both Benjamin and Daniel were lay 
Judges of Somerset, appointed in 1788, 

In Lewis' "Great American Lawyers" (Vol. Ill, p. 189). in an article 



*My own view of the New Jersey ancestry of Judge Blackford is as fol- 
lows, subject to correction if any data can be found showing it erroneous: 

1. Samuel Blackford, perhaps English born, certainly of Kngiish descent. 
who, on August 16, 1695, was deeded, by patent, "in right of John Molleson." a 
lot of land in Middlesex county, X. J., '"north of the Bound Brook." i . e.. in 
Piscataway township (East Jersey Deeds. Book D. p. 203; "X. J. Archives." Vol 
XXI, p. 227). By his will, probated April 20. 1712. he is known to have left 
sons Benjamin, Daniel, Samuel and John, who-e descendants for a time had large 
families of Blackfords, especiallv in Piscataway township and elsewhere. iTren- 
ton Unrecorded Wills, Vol. IX. p. 67V His wife's tirst name was Ann 

2. Daniel, also of Piscataway. whose wife was Ruth, had sons Benjamin. 
Joseph, Samuel and Daniel. There were three sons named Daniel, the one to 
survive being born Sept. 29, i7-» ("Piscataway Register of Births" in "X. J. His- 
torical Proceedings." Third Series. Vol II. pp. «, 74V 

3. Daniel, of Bound Brook, wife perhaps Margaret, whose will, probated 
Oct. 14, 1778 (Trenton Wills. r><n>k jo. p. 137). names his sons Daniel and Joseph. 

4. Joseph, father of Judge Blackford. 



A Famous Western Jurist, Native, of Somerset 3 

by Hon. William Wheeler Thornton, of Indiana, appears this statement 
concerning Judge Blackford: "His father was an Englishman, born in 
England, who came to this country and settled in New Jersey. He was a 
merchant of enough wealth to send his son to college." In Paxton's 
"Marshall Family," a Virginia work, there is printed this: ''Several 
brothers Blackford came to America and settled in New Jersey. The 
son of one of them went to Indiana," specifying Judge Blackford. "The 
son of another brother settled in Maryland. The son of a third came to 
Virginia." These statements, so far as they make Judge Blackford's 
father English born, are erroneous. He certainly belonged to the Piscat- 
away, New Jersey, family of Blackfords, which, as shown from the foot- 
note, dates its entrance into this State to at least 1695. Piscataway town- 
ship, it may be noted, is just across the river from the present bor- 
ough of Bound Brook, and many of the Blackfords, who were Baptists 
originally, are buried in the Samptown burying-ground near New Market. 

Joseph's will, of March 26, 1800, probated June 18, 1800 ( Trenton 
Wills, Book 39, p. 46), gave all his real and personal estate equally to hi? 
wife, Mary (his sole executrix), and son Isaac, and an inventory of 
January 7, 1801, shows a personalty of $7,220.99, mostly in store goods 
and accounts owing. By this will, which proves that Isaac was then the 
only living child of Joseph Blackford, the provision was made that the 
mother should take charge of Isaac as to clothing and education until he 
reached twenty-one, and with this singular clause attached : 

"But in case my son proves disobedient to his mother and leaves her 
before he comes to the age aforesaid, then my said loving wife is no longer 
bound to pay for his bringing up as aforesaid; but, in case she thinks 
proper to pay, it must come out of his legacy." 

As the amount of personalty does not include his real estate, it is 
safe to say that, for that time, Joseph left enough property to enable his 
son, Isaac, to be well educated, as we find he was. In fact, by 1807, 
seven years after his father's death, Isaac was able to invest $5,550 in a 
mortgage given to him by Thomas Coon on property in Bound Brook. 
(Somerset Mortgages). So far as the records go, this mortgage was never 
paid off. 

Of the education and character of Isaac's mother, Mary Staats Black- 
ford, we may well wish we knew more, but. as Thornton says, in the 
article previously referred to, that she was 'of strong mind,' 'full of the 
patriotism of 1776/ 'had a great influence in molding his (the son's "> 
character,' and 'was remarkable for her quiet demeanor and religious 
piety,' it may be added that there is no doubt of it. Such a man as 
Isaac Blackford became usually traces his strongest excellencies to the 
maternal side of his ancestry. 



4 Somerset County Histori 

.;any tec'- records to 

He, what became of Isaa- 
entj from other known facts, that - been marri 

second fiirae. The efforts ^.vere fruit 

correspondence with various persons in Inch . . 

ter than 1801, she married 
-as born about 1782, and died Aprj] 2 
By this marriage there was one child, Charles 
1S02. Mrsl Mary Staats Blackford Coon, 
'er of Peter Staats, of Bound Brook 
-■ . 18. 1827. The place of the death ai 
Thomas Coon is unknown. 

ac Blackfqrd was born November 6, iy': : . 
his father'? will indicates, and as we 

•or sisters when his father died. Xher 
I, 'who died March 13, 1796; age r 
V«K L p. 505)- 

.:: [So .:, before he was sixteen, the -. r 
(Coon,) was born, Isaac - 
I his name as "Isaac Newton Blackford. 
his fath ill) and does not so appear in 1 

a: a temporary addition, of 
self. It is said by Mr. Thornton that at College he 
tling great proficiency in them, 
and higher mathematics, and that 



he son of Thomas Coon, of 
-ears, and who is interred in the Pre 
:. The Thomas Coon who marri 
ed in the text, one child, Charlotte T 
only h llackford, was the inheritor ' 1 

ried Feb | to Daniel Dayton Condit, who 

1797. Shortly after this marriag 
Jersey] iv; - co., Indiana, and about - 

s then a wagon-maker, but later, 

less. He died in Tcrre Ha- 
[eel Nov. 9, 1881. The children were: 
-1. tooo. (2) Isaac Blackford, b. J 
ord (see below). (4) Mary Tcressa, \ \ T ov. ro, 
(5) / yton, b. Mar. 17, 1843: d. Feb. 28 

The '-^rc. child. Rev. Blackford Condit. D. D., 
I i Sarah Louisa ? 

ter 0* - Caleb Mills, the : -t':.c- ji . 

1 . [3, 1914. Mr. Condit graduated Ei 
' ry 1857. 

Presby. cHurch, S] 
1 ■ ■• nsible po; i 

tildren three sur 

the te: 
Tei ■ •. and Jose] 



A Famous Western Jurist, Native of Somerset 5 

began the reading of Blackstone. Another authority says he "graduated 
with honor." From all that we know of him, later, it is clear that he was 
early a close student, and at college laid the foundations for his future 
great career, instead of frittering away his time, as many college students 
do in these later days. 

He graduated from Princeton in 1806, and at once began the study 
of law in the office of Colonel George McDonald, the eccentric but able 
lawyer whose office was then in Middlebrook, the hamlet of Revolution- 
ary fame closely adjoining Bound Brook. 3 He remained in his office 
about one year, when, for some unknown reason, he transferred his 
tutelage to the office of Judge Gabriel Ford, of Morristown, then one of 
the most active practitioners in Morris county, who later became a Justice 
of the New Jersey Supreme Court, and whose residence was in the house 
known then and now as "Washington's Heardquarters." His training in 
both offices must have been excellent. At the November Term, 18 10, 
when twenty-four years old, he was admitted to the New Jersey Bar, but, 
60 far as research in the court records of Somerset and Morris counties 
shows, scarcely attempted to practice. One case in the Common Pleas in 
Morris, in 181 1, is all that appears on the records to show a law practice 
in New Jersey. Evidently his mind was soon settled on "going West." 
which he did in 181 1 or '12. There is authority for both dates, but he 
probably went late in 181 1. 

That he went West on horseback may well be conjectured, and so 
it is stated in one of the Indiana accounts of his entrance into that State, 
although in another account (in the "Southern Law Review." for 1880) it 
is stated that, "unable to pay for a seat in a stagecoach, he walked to 
dean Point on the Alleghany river near the present site of Oil City (Pa.), 
and from there floated down the river in a rude flat-boat." a statement 
which may be true, but is hardly justified by the known facts. 

A newspaper of Indianapolis describes him (dating the period as 
1812) as "a square-jawed, blue-eyed young fellow of twenty-five." He 
stopped awhile at Dayton, Ohio, and then passed on to Lawrenceburg. 
Dearborn county, Indiana (just over the border from Ohio), where he is 
said to have begun, by study, to prepare himself for a practice in that 
State. Sometime in 1812 he reached Brookville. Franklin county, Indiana, 
north of and contiguous to Dearborn county, and here it is said, he began 
to practice. (One account of his life says "Brookrleld." which is in 
Shelby county). Thence he soon went to Corydon, in Harrison county, at 
the extreme southern portion of Indiana, and here he must have thouj 
of settling down. Corydon was then a frontier town of some two hundred 



"A full note on this Colonel George McDonald appears in this numher of 
the Quarterly, in the department of "Historical Notes and Comments.*' 



6 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

people, but a county seat, being at that time "a tiny huddle of log cabins 
in the midst of the sea of primeval forest." Indiana was then a territory, 
whose whole population was only about twenty-five thousand. The Indi- 
anapolis clipping to which I have referred may well be liberally quoted at 
this point : 

"In the lanes of Corydon the adventurous sons of aristocratic Virginia 
rubbed cloth elbows with the buckskin-clad trapper, brown and silent 
as the Indian himself. While the farmer ploughed the unbroken ground. 
his neighbor stood guard, leaning on the long-barreled squirrel rifle, the 
deadliest arm of history. The women wove the cloth for their clothing on 
their own spinning wheels. Land was plentiful, money was little needed. 
Business was a system of trade and barter. English shillings and Spanish 
dollars passed current ; the merchant who made change chopped the silver 
coin into pieces and weighed each segment; justice was swift and salutary ; 
lashes on the bare back were frequent; Judges held court on fallen logs 
in the midst of the unbroken forest, and the sheriff had scalped Indians 
with his own hand. 

"Into such a community came young Isaac Blackford, straight from 
the culture of the Atlantic coast. He had been graduated from Princet n 
College in 1806, had read law in the office 01 Judge Gabriel Ford, of 
Morristown, N. J., and had been in touch with the refinement of aristo- 
cratic New York and even more aristocratic Philadelphia ; had seen the 
great James Madison, the President of the United States ; arm in arm 
with Philip Freneau, the poet of the Revolution, had wandered under 
the elms which shadowed Nassau Hall at Princeton, where had met the 
second Continental Congress ; had, perhaps as a boy of ten, seen the great 
Washington himself. 

"He became a familiar figure in the little communities of Corydon 
and Salem, but more often found his business leading him to old Yin- 
cennes, the capital of the territory. William Henry Harrison, then thirty- 
eight years old, was Governor of the infant territory; he was a Yirginian, 
a graduate of Hampden-Sidney College, the son of a signer of the Decla- 
ration of Independence. In him and in such men as Thomas Randolph. 
of Virginia, the prosecuting attorney of Knox county (in which was Yin- 
cennes), the Judge of the General Court, Henry Yander Burgh, Waller 
Taylor, Benjamin Parke and the old Indian trader. Colonel Francis Vigo, 
who had seen George Rogers Clark take Yincennes from the British 
thirty-two years before, Blackford found intellects which fired his am- 
bition. There were, indeed, a score of lawyers in the territory at that 
time (General Washington Johnston had been admitted to the Indiana 
Bar in 1790, twenty-one years before), but the young Isaac Blackford 
was to surpass them all in his grace of the law, and he it is who most 
justly may be called 'the first lawyer in Indiana.' " 

It is to be judged that Blackford remained at Corydon not over one 
year, as in 1813 he is to be found at Salem, Washington county (just 
north of Harrison county), where he had the good (or bad) fortune to 
be appointed the first clerk and recorder of the county. The county had 
just been organized and Salem made the county c eat. He stated in after 



A Famous Western Jurist, Native of Somerset 7 

years that his chief duty in this office was to "record marks on cattle 
which strayed at large in the absence of stock enclosures." Thornton 
indicates that (doubtless previous to his going to Salem ) Blackford was 
for a brief time "casfekr of the Vevay branch of the Territorial Bank," 
and, while serving as such, "discovered that some of the bank officers 
were engaged in perpetrating a fraud on the bank, and from this arose 
an aversion to banks which followed him throughout the remainder of 
his life." If so, he must have stopped a few months on his way to Cory- 
don in Switzerland county, where Vevay is situated. Thornton also says 
he "not long afterward edited a newspaper at Vincennes." Of these two 
statements I have seen no other mention. Certain it is that, in Decem- 
ber, 1813, he was in Salem and succeeded in being elected clerk of the 
Territorial Legislature, which convened at Corydon, so that it would seem 
he had been in the State sufficiently long to impress the people with hi? 
abilities. 

He served less tfaan one year in the clerical capacity last named and 
then, on Sept. 14, 181 5, when only twenty-nine years of age, he received 
an appointment as Judge of the First Judicial Circuit and thcrenpuii 
removed to Vincennes, in Knox county, where he resided for many y; 
until he went to Indianapolis. In the Fall of 181 5 he resigned this 
office, and resumed practice. In 181 6 he was elected from Knox 
county to the lower House of the Legislature, the first Legislature under 
the newly-organized State government, and, so great was his personal 
popularity that, although many other able men were in the House who, 
later, became distinguished in Indiana (among them Colonel John Dumont, 
whose father was a resident of Somerset County; see Quarterly. Vol. 
I, p. 115), he was elected Speaker. It was afterward reported that this 
honor was given him because of "his great fairness and unyielding 
integrity." 

The same year the unexpected and unsolicited honor fell upon Black- 
ford of being appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of Indiana. The 
Governor (Jennings), while walking arm in arm with him from the 
grave of Judge Johnson, made known to him that he had selected him 
from all the older and more experienced lawyers of the State to sit on 
the highest Bench in the State in the place of this same Judge Johnson ; 
and it is said that Blackford begged hard not to receive such a mark of 
distinction, stating that he was too young in years and experience. But 
the Governor was obdurate; and so, at thirty-one years of age, at the 
December Term, 1817 (one authority says September 10. 1817), Isaac 
Blackford found his real calling in life, and began that memorable career 
which lasted until his death. 

He held this position of Supreme Court Judge until January 3, 1853, 



8 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

a period of thirty-five years, longer than any other Judge in Indiana, and 
with few in the whole country to equal it. Even Chief Justice Marshall, 
who sat in the Supreme Court at Washington for thirty- four years, served 
a lesser time on the Bench. During this period (actually from 1830 to 
1850) he acted as the reporter of, and published, the Supreme Court 
opinions of Indiana, and the eight volumes of "Blackford"? Reports'' gi 
him fame among lawyers all over the country, and even in England. 

It is said that Judge Blackford, at the time he went upon the Supreme 
Bench, was "one of the most popular men in Indiana," and that he so 
continued is evident. Without his authority and without consultation with 
him he received, in 1825, the Whig nomination for Governor, but lost at 
the election by 2,622 votes. Again — the next year — he was put up as a 
candidate for United States Senator against William Hendricks, and lost 
that office by a single vote. No doubt he preferred the Bench, for which 
it had become apparent to his associates he was singularly well fitted. 

Somewhere about this time a new county in Indiana, called Black- 
ford, was organized and named after him, and a town of the same 
name was started not far over the border, in Kentucky — both showing the 
regard had for him by the public. 

Passing over, for the moment, his long judicial experience in Ind: 
it may be briefly noted that, when his last term expired in 1S53, ne again 
opened an office in Indianapolis, where he had resided for something like 
twenty years, and made an endeavor to practice law. The effort was 
not a success. He had been too long on the Bench to feel at home at the 
Bar, and he gave it up. In a reminiscent narration by General Terrell, the 
following amusing incident of Judge Blackford's attempt at resun 
advocacy is stated: 

"One of his first cases was tried before a jury in the Marion Court 
of Common Pleas, Judge David Wallace presiding. The testimony on 
both sides had been submitted, and, as the day was far spent, Court ad- 
journed until next morning, when the attorneys were to make their argu- 
ments. Judge Blackford was on hand bright and early, apparently e;. 
to proceed with the case. It was the hr>t time in thirty-five years that 
he had appeared as an advocate before a jury. When the time came for 
him to make his argument he arose with some trepidation, and. thrusting 
his hand into his coat pocket for the manuscript of his speech, discovered 
to his astonishment that he had left it in his office. Without the docu- 
ment he was entirely helpless, and he was compelled to beg the indulge 
of the Court and jury until he could go and get it. which he did as quickly 
as possible. He read his remarks in a stumbling, monotonous wav. that 
probably made little impression on the minds of the 'twelve good and law- 
ful jurors/ inasmuch as they brought in a verdict against him. It i- 
unlikely that this mishap and adverse verdict had some influence in his 
retirement from practice in the Courts." 



A Famous Western Jurist, Native of Somerset g 

In two years' time^i855), President Pierce appointed Judge Black- 
ford one of the Judges of the Court of Claims at Washington, so that he 
then felt relieved of the irksomeness of retirement. This office he seems 
to have enjoyed, though not one to bring him additional fame, as facts, 
rather than law, were now chiefly to be determined. He continued to hold 
it until his death, which occurred at Washington, on December 31, 1859. 

After his appointment as Judge in 1817 he continued to reside at 
Vincennes, Indiana, and was there in 1830. At what subsequent date he 
removed to Indianapolis is nowhere stated, but he resided there many 
years, although always considering Vincennes as his "home." 

It is not known that the Judge ever revisited his native county of 
Somerset, New Jersey, except once ; then it is said he slept a night in the 
Judge Ford house at Morristown, and was ''delighted" with the idea 
that Washington had occupied the same residence when his ''Headquar- 
ters" was in that place. This must have been about 181 7, when he met 
again the young lady who became his wife. 

Judge Blackford's wife, according to the notice of his death in the 
Indianapolis '"Sentinel" of January 4, i860, was a "Miss McDonald, a 
New Jersey lady whom he married about the year 1814-" The "Sentinel" 
adds: "Titis relation proved unfortunate and unhappy. They separated 
in a few years. One son was born to them. He died about twelve years 
ago" (1848). A similar notice in the Indianapolis "Journal" of the same 
date states the son died "about fifteen years ago" (1845). * n Woollen's 
"Biographical and Historical Sketches of Indiana." on which I have drawn 
for various important facts, it is correctly stated that the son's name was 
George. 

The facts appear to be that in 1819 the Judge revisited New Jer- 
sey, and at Somerville, at the home of his first preceptor, Col. George 
McDonald, he renewed his acquaintance with the Colonel's beautiful daugh- 
ter, Caroline, who, as a little girl, "had climbed upon his knees." ' By 
what persuasion he induced her father to give up his lucrative legal prac- 
tice in Somerville and go to Indiana we know not, but go the Colonel did, 
and presumably with all his family, in the Fall of 1819. The following 
Spring (of 1820) the Judge married Caroline, and there, a year after her 
marriage (on May 30, 1821) she died in childbirth. 4 He was fourteen 
years her senior; she was in her 20th year, and he in his 34th year. It 
is said that the Judge wrote to his mother, upon Caroline's death, that he 
would "never marry again," and he kept his word. The basis of the 
statement that his marriage was "unfortunate" seems to be simply :'.. : 
fact that his wife liked society and the Judge did not. They never 
"separated." 



•Caroline's father, Col. McDonald, had died the previous year (ito) 
See under "Historical Notes and Comments." post. 



10 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Thornton says of the marriage : 

"He [the Judge] enjoyed but fifteen months of wedded life, his wife 
dying in childbirth. Although his married life had not been altogether 
a happy one, his wife's death was a blow to him from which he never re- 
covered, as was also that of his only son, who died in his twentieth year. 
. . . Upon the death of his son he remained closeted in his room for 
several days, subsisting on crackers and cheese that he always kept by 
him, until his friends in their anxiety for him were about to burst open 
his door, whereupon he opened it, requesting that he be left alone." 

Woollen says regarding this only son, who was named for his grand- 
father, Col. George McDonald : 

"Judge Blackford had an only son, George, whose mother died in 
giving him birth. The father was wrapped up in his boy. He was net 
only an only child, but he was the only hope of perpetuating the Blackford 
name. This boy, this child and companion of the cloisterial jurist, 
sickened and died while at Lexington, Kentucky, under medical treatment 
by Dr. Dudley. The father went to Lexington, and after seeing his boy 
laid away in his tomb, returned to his home. It was in the summer time, 
and he reached Indianapolis in the middle of the night. Instead of going 
to his room in the Circle, he went to the residence of Henry P. Coburn, 
and, without knocking, opened the door and entered the house, a house in 
which he was ever welcome. Soon afterward one of Mr. Coburn's sons 
was awakened by the stifled sobs of the mourner. He arose from his bed, 
and, lighting a candle, beheld Judge Blackford, walking the floor and sob- 
bing as though his heart would break. Not a word was said. The young 
man knew the cause of the great grief of his father's friend, and, having 
no wish to intrude upon its sanctity, left the room. Judge Blackford 
remained at Mr. Coburn's for several days, and, during the time, held no 
conversation with anyone. He took his meals in silence, and when they 
were over returned to his room. When narrating this incident, General 
John Coburn said to the author : 'I have seen grief in all its forms ; have 
seen the mother mourning for her son ; have seen the wife at the grave 
of her husband, and heard her sobs, but I never saw such appalling agony 
as Judge Blackford exhibited that night at my father's house.' " 

The death of the son, George, must have occurred about 1839, but 
the exact date is nowhere stated. 

The Judge, as previously noted, never married again, but always after 
the death of his son lived "like a hermit" in a brick building known as 
"the Governor's building" (though not occupied as such) in the "circle" 
in the central part of Indianapolis. More and more he drew in to him- 
self; was fond of general reading, but studied the cases before the Court 
with almost unexampled assiduity. Whether it was his aversion to banks 
or his "dislike of the annoyance" of investing what he earned (the latter 
being the reason Thornton gives), he would often allow his salary as ; 
to remain three or four years in the State Treasury before drawing it. 



A Famous Western Jurist, Native of Somerset n 

When he did invest it was chiefly in real estate, in Indianapolis and 
Evansville, which greatly enhanced in value, so much so that at his death 
in 1859 his wealth was "estimated" at a quarter of a million of dollars. 
Yet this wealth was based on a surprisingly small salary ; at first, $800 ; 
then, $700; in 1837, $1,500; in 1852, $1,300 — an average of Si, 000 per 
year. In all his 35 years on the Bench it has been estimated that he 
received from salary and his Reports not exceeding $50,000. His estate 
in full was inherited by his half-sister, as is stated in the footnote on a 
preceding page. 

That Judge Blackford was a great Judge and a model reporter of 
law cases is now too well settled to demonstrate. His style as an opinion 
writer is described as "clear and faultless." "He did not write essays 
or treatises in his opinions, but treated of the essence of the case and of 
nothing more." In this respect he was like Chief Justice Beasley of our 
own State. Of the "Reports" of Judge Blackford, Marvin, in his "Legal 
Bibliography," says : "These volumes have the reputation of being among 
the -best- American reports," and, says Thornton: "In Indiana he was the 
pioneer in establishing the common law practice, and throughout the West 
he was the most eminent authority on common law practice. . . . 
Many judges have written more opinions and longer ones in a much shorter 
period, but the opinions of no Judge delivering as many, in England or 
America, have as few misstatements of the law or inaccuracies of expres- 
sion as are contained in the 900 of Judge Blackford." Chancellor Kent, 
of New York, calls his Reports "accurate law learning," and Washington 
Irving noted that they were quoted "at Westminster." All lawyers attest 
that the "notes" appended to opinions in the Blackford "Reports" were as 
valuable as his opinions. "His Reports," says one, "gave credit to the 
State abroad." "Out of 2,000 cases reported in 'Blackford's Reports.' 
says another legal writer, "only 43 were overruled, and of them Judge 
Blackford wrote only seven." Truly a remarkable record. 

It is conceded that Judge Blackford did not possess talents of the very 
highest order, equal to that of Marshall, for instance. He once said that 
if he 'had the unquenchable power of a Marshall he should be of all men 
most happy.' But his unusual industry gave him solid learning and 
enabled him to accomplish more in his chosen profession than hundreds 
of other Judges to whom nature gave greater natural talents but far less 
perseverance. 

In an article upon the Judge in the "Southern Law Review," during 
the year 1880, the writer, Mr. D. S. Alexander, gives the idea that Black- 
ford was in no wise a "great" man, but in no other sketch is there a 
similar judgment rendered, and a careful perusal of the article itself shows 
that the facts presented warrant exactly the opposite conclusion. Entirely 



' V-J15,' / 



12 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



self-made, and possibly handicapped by being so early in life bereft of 
his father, he clearly made a name of which Indiana ha.^ always been 
proud. 

Mr. Woollen gives some additional particulars of the Judge's office 
in Indianapolis, of his narrow escape from drowning, of his size and 
appearance, and of the extreme care with which he prepared his opinions, 
that seem worth repeating in this article, as giving intimate glimpses into 
his life and habits: 

"Judge Blackford had a room in the old building which used to stand 
in the Governor's Circle, in which he lived for many years. It was plainly 
furnished but it contained everything necessary for his comfort. There 
were three tables in it, and these were always loaded with books. Wil- 
liam Franklin, a colored man still living, used to sweep the Judge's room, 
make the fires and do other necessary things about the house. He was 
with Judge Blackford twelve years, and says that, during that time, he 
never saw him in a passion, nor heard him utter an angry word. He 
nursed the Judge when he was sick, and attended to his little wants when 
he was well, and had the best of opportunities of knowing him as he 
really was. . . . 

"His legal opinions were prepared with the greatest care and pre- 
cision. They were written and rewritten until they were brought to his 
critical standard. The orthography must be perfect and the punctuation 
faultless before the matter left his hands. One who knew him well says 
he paid as much attention to a comma as to a thought. He has been 
known to stop the press to correct the most trivial error, one that few 
would notice. The late Samuel Judah, desiring to have a decision delayed, 
once asked him the correct spelling of a word he knew would be in the 
opinion. The Judge answered, giving the usual orthography. Mr. Judah 
took issue with him and argued that the spelling was not correct. The 
Judge at once commenced an examination of the word, dug out its roots 
and carefully weighed all the authorities he could find. He spent two 
days at this work, and before he got through the Court had adjourned 
and the case went over to the next Term." 

Thornton adds as to "Blackford Reports" that the Judge "had a 
standing offer of reward for errors discovered," and that one year he 
paid out as much as $1,000 for holding back printer's proofs to be sure 
there were no errors. 

Quoting Woollen again, however: 

"Judge Blackford regarded Vincennes as his home for many years 
after he came to Indianapolis to live, and every year he spent a part of 
his time in that place. On one of his trips to Vincennes on horseback 
he came very near losing his life. Mounted on a stout horse, with over- 
coat, leggings, and saddlebag full of law books, he undertook to ford 
White river, near Martinsville, while the river was much swollen by a 
freshet. He and his horse were swept down the stream a great distance. 
but eventually they landed on an island. The Judge was wet and cold, 
and it was several hours before he reached the mainland, bein^ rescued 



A Famous Western Jurist, Native of Somerset 13 

by a farmer who had heard his outcries. He spent a couple of days in 
drying his law books and clothing, and in waiting for the waters to fall 
low enough for him to cross the river with safety, and then proceeded 
on his journey. ... 

"Judge Blackford was about five feet nine inches high, very erect, 
with a neat, trim, lithe figure; he was quick and active in motion and 
graceful in bearing. His face was long, though well proportioned, and 
marked with intelligence, sensibility and refinement. His head was small 
but shapely. He was upright and scrupulously honest in his dealings; 
was a model of integrity and purity of character. He had great reverence 
for the Sabbath, and nothing could swerve him from his purpose to do 
no work on Sunday." 

In Taylor's "Bench and Bar in Indiana/' Blackford is described on 
the Bench as "small, erect, active, alert ; the type of nervous energy, with a 
handsome, oval face. 5 ' In another description of him he is said to have 
been "thin and erect, and of the ordinary height. His complexion was 
rubicund, his nose large and his chin prominent. Among his friends he 
was quite social, enjoying himself with childlike gleefulness, but at times 
he was recluse, shutting himself in from society for months." It is else- 
where said that he was "neat in his dress, always wearing dark broad- 
cloth cut in the latest style." 

In politics the Judge was originally a Whig and had cast his whole 
influence against slavery. When slavery was "covertly introduced" into 
the Territory, laws were passed in aid of the practice, and Congress was 
petitioned to suspend the Sixth Article of the Ordinance of 1787 prohibit- 
ing slavery in the Territory. Governor Harrison approved of these meas- 
ures, and, when he was a candidate on the Whig ticket in 1836 (and 
defeated) for President of the United States, Judge Blackford refused 
to support him. This action took him into the Democratic party, a wing 
of which also opposed slavery, and until his death he acted with that party. 
The only address made by him, so far as has been made known, was one 
on the subject of slavery, which he positively abhorred. 

He was a believer in the Christian religion, regularly attending a 
Presbyterian Church, but was not a church member. He was exceedingly 
economical, is said to have been "shy in deportment," and made no ene- 
mies. He had a large law and miscellaneous library and read a great 
deal. "His spotless rectitude and unswerving justice," says Mr. Woollen, 
"made his name a household word in Indiana, a State whose judicature he 
found in swaddling clothes and left clad in beautiful raiment." 

Judge Blackford died in Washington while performing his duties as 
Judge of the Court of Claims. When his death was announced a meeting 
of the Indiana Congressional delegation was held, and the Representa- 
tive from the Indianapolis district, Hon. Albert G. Porter, in an address 
said : 



14 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

"It is hardly possible, sir, for persons who reside in an old community 
to appreciate the extent to which, in a new country, the character of a 
public man may^ be impressed upon the public mind. There is not a 
community in Indiana, not a single one, in which the name of Judge Black- 
ford is not a household word. He has been identified with our State from 
the beginning. He may almost be said to be a part of our institutions. 
Judicial ability, judicial purity, approaching nearly to the idea of the 
divine, private worth, singularly blending the simplicity of childhood with 
the sober gravity of age — these were represented, not simply in the mind 
of the profession, but in the universal popular mind of Indiana, in the 
person of Isaac Blackford." 

General William M. Dunn, another Representative, among other 
things, said: 

"Indiana is proud of her great jurist, but to-day she mourns the loss 
of one of her most eminent citizens, and now, by her united delegation in 
Congress, claims that all that is mortal of Isaac Blackford may be en- 
trusted to her care and have sepulture in her bosom. Let his body be 
borne back to. the State with whose judicial history his name is inseparably 
connected, and there at its capital let him be buried, where those from all 
parts of the State who have so long known, revered and loved him, may 
visit his tomb and pay affectionate tribute to his memory." 

When the remains reached Indianapolis high honors were paid to the 
memory of Judge Blackford, and resolutions passed which included such 
phrases as these: "He has contributed more than any one man in Indiana 
to the high character of her judicial reputation." "Such Judges are a 
blessing to any State," etc., etc. His body was laid to rest in Crown Hill 
cemetery, and upon the grave stands a monument which chronicles the 
leading events of his life, and ends as follows: "The honors thus confer- 
red were the just rewards of an industry that never wearied, of an integ- 
rity that was never questioned." 

[Authorities for Foregoing. — Woollen's "Biographical and Historical Sketches 
of Early Indiana;" Thornton's sketch in '"Great American Lawyers.'" by William 
Draper Lewis (1907); "Indiana Bench and Bar," by Charles W. Taylor (1895^; 
"The Indiana Supreme Court," by Timothv E. Howard (igoo) ; article in the 
"Southern Law Review" (1SS0), by D. S. Alexander; Indianapolis newspapers of 
January, i860; Blackford's Reports (Indiana). Vols. 1-8; Court of Claims Report*. 
i855-'59; Indianapolis '"News" (exact date unknown, but igi2) ; various Encyclo- 
pedias; Trenton Wills; Davis' "First Houses of Bound Brook;" Gardner's "Mis- 
cellania" in X. J. Historical Society; Somerset County Gerk's and Surrogate's 
Office Records, and other miscellaneous sources. I am especially indebted to the 
kindness of Mr. Demarchus E. Brown. Librarian of the Indiana State Library. 
for assistance in procuring some important material used: to Mr. H. A. Condit. 
of Terre Haute. Indiana, son of Rev. Blackford Condit. D. D., and grandson of 
Judge Blackford's half-sister. Charlotte T. Condit. who made a journey to Vin- 
cennes for the writer in order to obtain the dates of the McDonald and Blackford 
tombstones found there, and who has furnished other valuable data; and also 
Hon. Samuel S. Stimson. Judge of the Vigo Superior Court, of Terre Haute. 
Indiana, for answering inquiries]. 



Military Operations in Somerset County in ijjj 15 

MILITARY OPERATIONS IN SOMEESET COUNTY IN 1777 

BY JOHN J. DE MOTT, METUCHEN, N. J. 

Lying as it does in the heart of New Jersey, Somerset County was, from 
the outbreak of hostilities until the close of the Revolution, in the path of 
both the English and Continental armies. Bodies of troops shifting 
between the northern and southern theatres of the war marched along the 
country roads until British, Hessian and Continental soldiers were common 
sights to the inhabitants. But the most important operations were in 
1777, when Washington withdrew to Morristown after the Battle of 
Princeton, and again in the summer of the same year, when the British 
advanced in strength from New Brunswick to Hillsborough. Had Wash- 
ington's judgment varied even a little at either of these times, Somerset 
might have given the name of one of her hamlets to a decisive battle of 
the war ; for, as will be shown, Washington believed that less than one full 
regiment of fresh soldiers could have ended the war, if he had had them 
during the mid-winter march, whereas tlie failure of Howe and Corn- 
wallis to lure Washington into a general engagement during June of the 
same year was made the subject of parliamentary investigation in England. 
The record here presented does not pretend to give all the evidence, 
but consists very tergely of extracts from original sources and may there- 
fore be regarded as authoritative. Moreover, many of the quotations are 
from books either published abroad or very old, and therefore difficult to 
consult. 

The Personality of the British Generals 

As a preliminary to the study of their tactics, it is interesting to know 
something of the personal appearance and habits of the English com- 
manders. These descriptions are from "Historic Tales of the Olden 
Time Concerning New York City and State," etc., by J. F. Watson, New 
York, 1832, (page 191) : 

"Sir William Howe was a fine figure, full six feet high, and admirably 
proportioned. In person he a good deal resembled Washington, and 
might have been mistaken for him at a distance. His features, though 
good, were more pointed, and the expression of his countenance was less 
benignant. His manners were polished, graceful and dignified. 

"Lord Cornwallis in person was short and thick set. ... He had 
a handsome aquiline nose, and hair, when young, light and rather in- 
clined to sandv; but at the time of his leaving here it had become some- 
what gray. His face was well formed and agreeable, and would have 
been altogether fine had he not blinked badly with his left eye. He was 
uncommonly easy and affable in his manners, and always accessible to 
the lowest of his soldiers, by whom he was greatly beloved. With his 
officers he used the utmost cordiality." 



l6 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Sketch of Cornwalus's Career 

Inasmuch as it was Cornwallis who was personally present in Som- 
erset for the most part, and as Americans know almost nothing about him 
except as a General in an opposing army, the following is taken frcm 
"Correspondence of Charles, First Marquis Cornwallis," three volumes, 
by Charles Ross, London (1859) : 

"When the war with America broke out, Lord Cornwallis was 
ordered to take the command of one division of the British army, and, 
notwithstanding his opinions of the injustice of that war, he considered 
that, as a military man, he could not. decline any employment offered him. 

"The same sense of duty which made Lord Cornwallis disregard 
his own political views, overcame his reluctance lo quit his familv, and 
he embarked February 10, 1776, for America, with the local rank of 
Lieutenant-General. It was rumored at the time that Lady Cornwallis, 
who was strongly averse to his going on active service, prevailed upon his 
uncle, the Archbishop of Canterbury, to request the King to allow Lord 
Cornwallis to relinquish his appointment ; but that the latter, though the 
leave was given, peremptorily declined to avail himself of the permission. 
He returned to England in January,. 1778, but sailed again from St. 
Helens in the Trident' on the 21st of April, following. Lady Cornwallis 
and her children accompanied him to Portsmouth, and after his departure 
she returned to Culford, where she resumed the solitary life she had led 
since his first departure, but grief so preyed upon her health as to bring 
on a kind of jaundice, of which she eventually died, February 14, 1779. 
When Lord Cornwallis heard of her dangerous state, he threw up his com- 
mand and again came to England, where he arrived a few weeks before 
her death. 

"Lady Cornwallis always declared to her confidential attendant that 
she w T as dying of a broken heart, and she requested that a thorn-tree 
should be planted above the vault when she was buried, as nearly as 
possible over her heart — significant of the sorrow which destroyed her 
life. She also directed that no stone should be engraved to her memory. 
Both wishes were complied with. 

"The death of his wife changed Lord Cornwallis's intention of re- 
maining at home, and he shortly afterward again offered his services, 
which, being accepted, he returned to America, and there remained until 
he was taken prisoner at York Town." 

That Cornwallis's record in America did not spoil his reputation 
with his home government is proven by Ins subsequent service. He was 
Governor- General and Commander-in-Chief in India, Sept., [7861 to 
Oct., 1793. He was Lord-Lieutenant and Commander-in-Chief in Ire- 
land from June, 1798, to May, 1801. Again he was sent back to India, 
where he arrived in July, 1805, only to die in the service October 1st of 
the same year. In these offices his administration was regarded as just 
and honorable. He was buried at Ghazipnr. 



Military Operations in Somerset County in 7777 17 

Washington's March After the Battle of Princeton 

In his essay entitled 'Thirty Days in New Jersey Ninety Years Ago," 
published in Trenton in 1S67, C. C. Haven quotes from the vivid descrip- 
tion of a soldier named Rowland, who participated in the movements of 
Washington's New Jersey campaign. 

In the first place Howland pictures the difficulties of the march from 
Trenton to Princeton as follows : 

"It was not by the direct road; a considerable part of it was by a 
new passage, which appeared to have been cut through the woods, as the 
stubs were left from two to five inches high. We moved slow on account 
of the artillery, frequently coming to a halt, or stand still, and when 
ordered forward again, one, two or three men in each platoon, would 
stand, with their arms supported, fast asleep; a platoon next in the rear 
advancing on them, they, in walking, or attempting to move, would strike 
a stub and fall." 

The engagement at Princeton took place in the morning. After men- 
tioning it Howland says : 

"Besides the prisoners taken at Princeton, there were a number of 
wagons loaded with the army baggage. I suppose it was about noon when 
we left Princeton with the prize goods and prisoners ; we marched quick, 
as the advance guard of the British army, which we had left the night 
before at Trenton, was said to be close in our rear, following us as they 
supposed to New Brunswick, the headquarters of General Howe, but in 
three or four miles we turned a square corner and proceeded north, 
towards Somerset Court-House. The British continued on to Bruns- 
wick. Ten or eleven o'clock at night we arrived at the Court-House, in 
which the prisoners were shut up. It will be remembered this was the 
third night's march, and under arms or marching all day. There were 
barely houses sufficient for the quarters of the Generals and their at- 
tendants. The troops took up their abode for the rest of the night on the 
frozen ground. All the fences and everything that would burn were 
piled in different heaps and burnt, and he was the most fortunate who 
could get nigh enough to smell the fire or smoke. The next day we 
continued our march towards Morristown." 

Washington's Report From Pluckemin 

When he had moved as far as Plnckemin on this march, Washington,, 
under date of January 5, 1777, paused to write a report of his movements 
to the President of Congress. After reviewing his operations at Trenton 
and Princeton, and acknowledging the brave defense of the British at the 
latter place, Washington says : 

"My original plan, when I set out from Trenton, was to push on 
to Brunswick ; but the harassed state of our troops — many of them having 
had no rest for two nights and a day, and the danger of losing the ad- 
vantage we had gained by aiming at too much — induced me, by the advice 

2 



1 8 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

of my officers, to relinquish the attempt. But, in my judgment, six or 
eight hundred fresh troops, upon a forced march, would have destroyed 
all their stores and magazines, taken (as we have since learned) their 
military chest, containing seventy thousand pounds, and put an end to the 
war. The enemy, from the best intelligence I have been able to get. were 
so much alarmed at the apprehension of this, that they marched im- 
mediately to Brunswick without halting, except at the bridges (for I also 
took up those on Millstone, on the different routes to Brunswick), and 
got there before day. . . . 

"The militia are taking spirits, and, I am told, are coming in fast 
from this State; but I fear those from Philadelphia will scarcely submit 
to the hardships of a winter's campaign much longer, especially as they 
very unluckily sent their blankets with their baggage to Burlington. I 
must do them the justice, however, to add that they have undergone more 
fatigue and hardship than I expected militia, especially citizens, would 
have done at this inclement season. I am just moving to Morristown, 
where I shall endeavor to put them under the best cover I can. Hitherto 
we have been without any, and many of our poor soldiers quite barefoot, 
and ill clad in other respects. " 

Sir William Howe's Observations 
An interesting side-light upon the military movements centering in 
the battle of Princeton is contained in a letter written by General Sir 
William Howe to Lord George Germain, and published in the "'Gentle- 
man's Magazine," London, February, 1777, folio 90. This letter was writ- 
ten in New York on Jan. 5, 1777, the same day Washington wrote his 
report to Congress from Pluckemin. 

From this letter it appears that Hillsborough [Millstone] was, dur- 
ing the entire Winter of iJj6-'/'j, regarded by the British as a very decided 
part of their lines while they maintained a base at New Brunswick. Gen- 
eral Howe, in the first place, says : 

"Lord Cornwallis . . . went ... to New Jersey on the 
first inst. [Jan. 1st] and reached Princeton that night, to which place 
General Grant had advanced with a body of troops from Brunswick and 
Hillsborough." [After speaking of the engagement at Princeton. General 
Howe says that the 17th British Regiment pushed on after the battle and 
joined the Second Brigade, under Brigadier-General Leslie, toward Tren- 
ton. He also says] : "The 55th Regiment retired by way of Hillsborough 
to Brunswick, and . . . the 40th Regulars retired to Brunsw i 
. . . Captain Phillips of the 35th Grenadiers, returning from here 
[New York] to join his Company was on this day beset, between Bruns- 
wick and Princeton, by some lurking villains, who murdered him in a 
most barbarous manner, which is a mode of war the enemy seems, from 
several late instances, to have adopted with a degree of barbarity that 
savages could not exceed." 

Continuing his narration, General Howe says: 

"The bravery and conduct of Lieutenant-Colonel Mawhood. and the 



Military Operations in Somerset County in 2777 19 

behavior of the regiments under his command, particularly the 17th, are 
highly commended by Lord Cornwallis. His Lordship finding the enemy 
had made this movement [at Princeton], and having heard the fire made 
by Colonel Mawhood's attack, returned from Trenton ; but the enemy 
being some hours' march in front, and keeping the advantage by an im- 
mediate departure from Princeton, retreated to Kingston, breaking down 
the bridge behind them, and crossed the Millstone river at a bridge under 
Rocky Hill, to throw themselves into a strong country. Lord Cornwallis. 
seeing it would not answer any purpose to continue his pursuit, returned 
with his whole force to Brunswick." 

Light from British Regimental Histories 

It is not an uncommon thing for army regiments to maintain their 
corporate identity for a long period of years, even though their entire per- 
sonnel is constantly changing. This is especially true in Great Britain, 
where regiments fighting in France and Belgium in the present war bear 
upon their flags the names of battles as far back as the days of Cromwell. 
The published records of such regiments, covering as they do such a 
variety of situations, cannot always be relied upon for the highest type 
of military criticism, as only brief mention can be made to incidents and 
the part played by the regiment may be out of proportion to the importance 
of an action as a whole. But the four regimental histories quoted here are 
very interesting, and, aside from everything else, form a connecting link 
between the winter campaign and the movements in the spring and early 
summer of 1777. 

[From "A. Historical Account of the Services of the 34th and 55th Regi- 
ments," by George Noakes, Carlisle, England, (1875), P a S es 22-24]. 

"General Cornwallis now advanced into the Jerseys without opposi- 
tion .[after the battle of White Plains, 1776], Washington's army, which 
was in a most, miserable plight, falling back before him, and being only 
saved from annihilation by Cornwallis halting at the town of Brunswick. 
at the positive orders of General Howe, and thus giving them time to 
pass the river Delaware and get into a place of safety. On the 17th of 
December, Howe came up, and placing his troops in winter quarters 
along the river, awaited the course of events. 

[Here follows an interesting account of the battles of Trenton and 
Princeton. The latter was participated in principally by the 17th and 
55th Regiments, supplemented by the 40th, which did not reach the scene 
of the fighting in time to be of service.] 

"The 17th succeeded in cutting their way through to Maidenhead ; 
but the 55th, encumbered with wounded, were not so fortunate, and fall- 
ing back with the 40th to Princetown, from thence retreated to Bruns- 
wick, which, with its large magazine and military chest, containing 
£70,000, was the great object of Cornwallis's solicitude. Washington had 
been rapidly followed by Cornwallis. as soon as he had discovered his 
whereabouts from the reports of the artillery, and it was with great diffi- 
culty that he was able to cross Millstone river, and by breaking down the 



20 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

bridge behind him to stop pursuit. For this spirited affair the thanks of 
the King were afterwards conveyed to the 17th and 55th Regiments. 
The loss of the regiments in killed, wounded and missing, amounted to 
ten officers and two hundred and sixty-six men, of which there belonged 
to the 55th four officers and seven tv-seven men. 

"The want of supplies prevented the British taking the field until June; 
but Washington continued to act on the offensive, and spared no efforts 
to harass and annoy the enemy. The supplies having arrived from Eng- 
land, Sir William Howe crossed over from New York to open the cam- 
paign, for which purpose the brigades of the army were reconstructed ; the 
55th was formed in the 2nd brigade, with the 5th, 10th, 27th and 40th 
Regiments, under Major General Grant. Howe now assumed the offen- 
sive ; but the Americans were too strongly posted to be prudently attacked, 
and all the ruses he could think of and try, could not draw Washington 
into less advantageous ground. Sir William, therefore, determined to 
change the seat of war." 

[From "Historical Records of the Forty-third Regiment, Monmouthshire 
Light Infantry." by Sir Richard George Augustus Levinge, Bart., 
London, (1868), page 68]. 
"A ray of sunshine gleamed on the American arms with the opening 
of this year (1777). Washington surprised our post at Trenton on the 
Delaware, and took 1,000 Hessians prisoners. Lord Cornwallis, with a 
force in which were the flank companies of the 43rd, marched to their 
succour. Several skirmishes took place. Washington shrank from a 
battle, kept up his fires and retired during the night. Cornwallis then 
fell back on Brunswick. His force wintered there and at Amboy. Their 
privations were rigorous and unremitting, and their ranks thinned by 
frequent collisions while searching for provisions and forage. By un- 
accountable lack of tents and field equipment, Cornwallis was unable to 
take the field before the 23rd of July [sic], but managed to keep pos- 
session of the hills commanding the Rariton and the Amboy." 

[From "Historical Record of the Fifth Regiment of Foot, or Northumber- 
land Fusiliers," by Richard Cannon, London, (1838)]. 
"The Fifth passed the remainder of the winter (after January. 
1777) in the island of Jersey. 'The weather was particularly severe ; the 
duty unremitting and hard; the enemy watchful; and provisions and 
forage were not obtained without repeated skirmish.es. Xevertlie!e>< the 
soldiers endured these hardships with a fortitude and a perseverance that 
acquired them infinite honour.' [Footnote assigns quotation to Stedman], 
The campaign being opened in the early part of June, 1777, the regiment 
took part in several manoeuvres, designed to bring on a general eng-i. 
ment, but the enemy kept in the mountain fastnesses, by which he suc- 
ceeded in defeating the designs of the British; and on the 30th of June 
the troops embarked from the Jerseys and proceeded to Staten Island." 

[From "Historical Record of the Tenth, or the North Lincolnshire Regi- 
ment of Foot," by Richard Cannon, London, (1847^, pages 4*-4-]- 
"After passing several months on Rhode Island, the Tenth embarked 



Military Operations in Somerset County in ijyj 21 

for New Jersey, and formed part of the army which took the field, under 
Sir William Howe, in the early part of June, 1777. 

"General Washington kept the American army in the mountain fast- 
nesses, where he could not be attacked, except under great disadvantages, 
and the English general resolved on an expedition against Philadelphia." 

Captain Montressor's Narrative 

In the "New York Historical Society Collections," Vol. XIV f 1881), 
there was printed an article of unusual interest. This consisted of the 
"Journal" of Captain John Montressor, British Engineer Corps, who was 
on the staff of Lord Cornwallis during the occupation of Middlebush and 
Millstone. Written from day to day, Captain Montressor's observations 
have a reality about them not possessed by the ordinary historical sum- 
mary and enable the reader to get the real movement as it took place. The 
map, also by Capt. Montressor, appeared in connection with the same 
article : 

"Apr. 13, 1777. Lord Cornwallis commanded detachment from 
Brunswick and defeated the Rebels at Bound Brook — marched in two 
columns, one on each side of the Rariton — Rebels lost three brass field 
pieces, 10 left dead, 80 prisoners, 4 officers, one of which, aid-de-camp to 
the commanding officer, Major-General Lincoln from Connecticut, took 
the General's baggage and 100 head of cattle. 

"19th. Party of Rebels surprised near Amboy — 17 taken and 2 
killed and 2 light horse. No less on our side. Within this week past 500 
country men have come in. 

"9th, June (Monday), 1777. At 4 o'clock this afternoon Sir Win. 
Howe left New York and arrived at Amboy at 10 this night. Also the 
Engineers Stores, etc. Account received (privately) from the Indians 

that 700 of the Chetig ( ?) will be ready to join us as soon as we 

open the communication — Doubt it very much. 

"ioth. At twelve o'clock the whole Army arrived at Amboy. 
. "nth. Sir Wm. Howe left Amboy at 11 o'clock with an escort of 
one officer and 20 dragoons for Brunswick. Troops to be left at Amboy 
— two Battalions Anspach — one Battalion Waldeckers and 55th Regiment. 

"12th. The Line left Amboy under the Command of General 
Vaughan and arrived at Brunswick, the rear encamping at Piscataqua. 
Myself with the Corps of Engineers, Artillery, tools, etc., — left Amboy 
and arrived at Brunswick and began to work on 3 redoubts. 

"13th. Continued on the 3 redoubts and began on a new one and 
finished the whole. The Lines moved at Eleven this night along the 
Princetown road in 2 Columns, the one under Lord Cornwallis moved 
at ten, the other under General de Heister at Eleven, leaving behind our 
Camp Equipage. Took seven days' provisions. 

"14th. The Commander-in-Chief with the other columns, or rather 
the main body, arrived and encamped 3 miles South of the Mill Stone 
River at Middlebush: he went on, crossed the Mill Stone River, after 
repairing the Bridge which the Enemy had broken up. We found Lord 
Cornwallis's Column on the opposite' side; after some skirmishing ten 



22 



Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



Rebels killed; our loss in Killed two and 2 wounded, and an officer. 
Found most of the Houses deserted, and what were inhabited the men 
were absent ; collected some Forage, cattle and horses. A few shots were 
exchanged between some of our cavalry and that of the Rebels, but with- 
out effect, and advanced. Yager taken off by some Rebel Light Hone. 

"15th, Sunday, Middle Bush. Accounts received this afternoon 
that Washington with the Rebel Army had fled to Corryall's Ferrv in 
order to cross to the River Delaware, leaving behind to amuse us Gen- 
eral Sullivan and 2000 men. Escort to and from Brunswick. 3 de- 
serters but ill informed. Tis supposed by us that the Rebel Army is still 
posted on the Shannock Hills. 








2 0-r^..^: 










1{ y* ^c^ f r^^s^^ e ^ 



THE BRITISH MAP OF MIDDLEBUSH EARTH WORKS, 1//J 

"16th. June, 1777. Began on 3 redoubts to mask the extreme of 
the wood to Hillsboro, and a Vi at the end of the wood, J / 2 mile South 
of the bridge cross the Mill Stone River ; nearly finished the whole this 
night. Escort to and from Brunswick. A deserter who saw Washington 
last night at Middle brook. Several smart showers. 

"17th. Redoubts continued no further. Escort from Brunswick. 
Daily Intelligence but of little consequence. Showery weather. 

"18th. Escort returned to Brunswick. Weather cool. Xow 9 days 1 
provision with the Army. A courier returned from Northward. . . . 
In a patrol had 2 killed, 2 Hessian Sergeants, Grenadiers, etc. — 1 Jager 
and 3 wounded. 

"19th. This morning at 2 o'clock the line moved and proceeded to 
Brunswick, the column with Lord Cornwallis following in the Rear. 
Encamped on each side of the River Rariton by l / 2 past 7 this morning. 



Military Operations in Somerset County in 17JJ 23 

Some firing in our Rear but checked with the guns. In marching oft two 
officers and fourteen of the Fifty-fifth missing. 

"20th. Brunswick. Came up several small craft and the Stores, 
Provisions, etc., when immediately embarked. Skirmishing, Rebels firing 
on our advanced piquets. Some deserters came in. 

"21st. June, 1777. Working parties destroying the faces of the 
redoubts next the river on the Brunswick side and to the country on the 
opposite side. The small craft sailed with the stores 'de guerre de bouchc.' 
Rebels firing on our piquets. Arrived at Brunswick from England one 
Company (compleat) of Artillery. 

"22nd, Sunday. At break of day the line moved from Brunswick 
and by evening the whole encamped at Amboy, excepting some Regiments 
that marched through and ferried to Staaten Island. During this day two 
skirmishes happened and one Carronade from the Rebels that brought 
in our rear, two 12 pounders and 3 Battalions with their colours red, 
yellow and white. We had one man killed and about 16 wounded ; the 
Rebels lost some and we took from them a Captain by the name of 
Porter. 

"23rd. The Commander-in-Chief reviewed the 2 Battalions Anspach. 
Baggage waggons ferrying over to Staaten Island. 43 Sail of Transports 
now in Princes Bay. Boats constantly arriving from New York to take 
off the Stores from hence. 

"24th. The working parties of 300 men for erazing the Interiour 
parts of the works at Amboy countermanded. Deserters from Rebel 
Light horse. Some flying parties of the Rebels Horse and Foot on Straw- 
berry Hill, three miles from this Encampment. This evening advanced 
a body of our men and took post on Strawberry Hill to the right road 
to Woodbridge. 

''25th. This morning early Ferguson's Riflemen surprised and took 
one Rebel Light dragoon and also an advanced Piquet, shot the officer 
through the thigh and took him with four privates ; the rest escaped. 

"26th. At three o'clock this morning the Army moved in 2 Columns, 
the right Lord Cornwallis — left Major-General Vaughan. The right 
Column took the Woodbridge Road and the left the Brunswick road, but 
turned off" the road to Metuchin meeting and 1200 men were sent to take 
post at Bonham town l / 2 way to Brunswick from Amboy, and the 2 
Columns encamped that night at Westfield. A continued firing most of 
the day's march. Lord Stirling and General Maxwell with 3000 men 
and 4 brass field pieces principally opposed us near Westfield, but were 
put to flight, leaving behind 3 Brass Field pieces, 3 Pounders, one French 
and 2 English. Supposed to have killed this day about 50 of the Rebels 
and took 64 prisoners in arms and about 500 head of homed cattle. 
Washington with the gross of his Army made off very early with the 
utmost Expedition and his Baggage, and retired to his old post on the 
Shannock mountain. The heat of the weather was such that we lost 9 
men on the march by it. We had no men killed and about 20 wounded. 
and a Captain in the Guards shot through the Body. Great want of 
water, as the Inhabitants had choaked several of their wells. Most of 
the Houses were abandoned ; what were not had only women and chil- 
dren. The Rebel army had moved from the Mountain Country leaving 
there 1000 men and had taken post at Quibbletown. three miles South of 



24 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

the mountain. The Engineers and Artificers were divided with the 2 
Columns — two Established and an Assistant Engineer to each— myself 
with the Commander-in-Chief. The first body that fired on our right 
Column was about 1500 men under a General Conway and 3 field pieces, 
which were soon routed with Loss by the usual Intrepidity of Light In- 
fantry. Lord Chewton, aid-de-camp to Lord Cornwallis, had his horse 
shot under him. One man raved with a coup de soleil and fired at our 
own flankers. Amongst the prisoners a Major, 2 Captains and an Ad- 
jutant, the latter shot through the thigh. 

"27th. At five this morning the whole returned towards Amboy and 
encamped within a mile of Woodbridge. A little firing just setting out 
and took 2 officers and a Serjeant of Rebel rifle men. . . . Rebels 
broke up the Bridge across Rahway River, upper branch, called Robert- 
son's River, where is a remarkable good port on the East side. Not the 
least firing on our River. 

"28th. At 4 this morning the whole marched and reached Amboy 
in 5 hours and mostly encamped. Weather exceptionally hot — no firing 
at all. This country richer and better watered. Part of the Army con- 
tinued their march, crossed the Ferry to Staaten Island and encamped 
there, and one Brigade of Hessians embarked on board their respective 
vessels lying near Amboy. Much baggage, Waggons, Horses, etc., ferried 
across likewise. Some deserters from the Rebels and one Light dragoon. 
The Vigilant armed with 18 and 24 pounders, etc., made up the Rariton, 
so as to flank our Camp. Flat bottomed boats and such craft arrived this 
afternoon at Amboy from Princes Bay. 

''29th, Sunday. The whole day principally taken up in transporting 
in Flat boats, etc., the Baggage of this Army across to Staaten Island, 
together with every kind of 'Stores de Guerre de bouche/ besides Artil- 
lery, Horned cattle, waggons, Horses and a working party of 300 men 
employed in crazing the Interiour faces of the Redoubts and the Ex- 
teriour of Fort Callibogus fronting towards Staaten Island. Six deserters 
came in. Captain French of the Grenadiers died of his wounds and 
buried this day at Amboy. Every preparation forming this day for our 
leaving the Province to-morrow. Gallies and armed vessels posted in the 
Kills and Rariton, so as to cover our passage from Staaten Island, which 
ferry is about Y\ of a mile across. 

"30th. Wind at South East and rain. This morning early began to 
call in our posts, which were advanced to Strawberry Hill, and continued 
retiring the army to the Town and embarking the whole in boats until 
y 2 past 3 this afternoon, when the Province of New Jersey was entirely 
evacuated by the King's Troops. The Rebels were so disconcerted by the 
secret and very unexpected movement of the army on the 26th Instant 
that not a shot has been fired by them since. As the last boats were 
coming off an Inhabitant came in from Westfield. not having me: with 
any one between that and Amboy. . . ." 

[To be Continued] 



Franklin Township Historical Notes 25 

FBAtfKLIN TOWNSHIP HISTORICAL NOTES 

BY THE LATE JUDGE RALPH VOORHEES, IN l^J^-j6 

[Continued from Vol. IV, Page 261] 

[Note.-— In this series of articles there was published Cin the July, 1914. 
Quarterly, p. 179) particulars of the family of Samuel Garretson, whose house, 
in 1766, was on what is being described as "the old road" from Xew Brunswick to 
Kingston. The author took up each house and farm in succession on the Azariah 
Dunham map of 1766, and, after the Garretson place, wrote, in a succeeding article, 
more particulars of its owners, following it with the succeeding parsonage resi- 
dences of Frelinghuysen and Leydt. The copy of this article being lost there 
was a break at this point, probably not noticed by our readers. Having now suc- 
ceeded in securing the article in question, it is herewith given and continues until a 
note indicates its ending. — Editor Quarterly]. 

Samuel Garretson was succeeded on the place by Henry Cox. He was 
an elder in the Reformed church of New Brunswick in 181 7, and died 
shortly after. His children were : Cornelia, who married Peter Suydam 
and lived at Three-Mile Run, where the late Jacob Outcalt lived and died. 
Henry married Maria Teneyck, of Whitehouse, and lived and died on a 
part of his father's old place. Jane married a Peter Suydam also. Her 
children were Abram, Lott and Henrietta. Lott married in succession, 
Catherine and Emeline, daughters of Christopher Beekman of Ten-Mile 
Run. Emeline has survived him. His heirs have erected a large monu- 
mental marble shaft to his memory in the Elm Ridge Cemetery. Henri- 
etta married Robert Van Nuis, of New Brunswick, and owns and resides 
with him on the old homestead. Lott died in 1873, having by prudence 
and industry acquired a large estate. 

About 250 yards farther up the Old Road on the Somerset side. 
according to the map, in 1766 stood the house of Fulkert Van Nostrand, 
which is described as having been the residence of the Rev. Theodorus 
Jacobus Frelinghuysen, an eminent divine, who came from Holland in 
1720. The house was built by him, was a large building, and in appear- 
ance corresponded with the best country houses in its day. His farm 
contained 200 acres. He died there in or about the ^ear 1748. having lived 
in the house but four or five years after it was built. A new house was 
erected on the old site by John W. Brunson, who resided in it until his 
death a few years since. The property is now owned by his son, E. Van- 
tine Brunson, who resides thereon. 

Tradition states that the Old Road ran on the northwest side of the 
Frelinghuysen house in former times, and that his farm lay in Middle- 
sex, which might have been, for there is no evidence that his land was ever 
assessed in Somerset County. 

On the same side of the road, about 250 yards farther up, was the 
house of the Rev. Johannes Leydt, who also came from Holland, and was 
the pastor of the Reformed churches of New Brunswick and Six-Mile 



26 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Run, the congregations having purchased the farm and built the house. It 
was a first-class house, containing within, although much faded by time, 
some ornamental, interesting an I degant old-time paintings. The house is 
in a very dilapidated condition, and has been for some years untenanted. 
It is supposed to have been built in or about 1750, and was occu- 
pied by the pastor until 1783, at which time he died, having spent the 
whole of his ministerial life in the service of the two congregations. Dur- 
ing the first years of his ministry he preached in the Dutch language. In 
the latter part in both Dutch and English. He was a true patriot, prayed 
for and advocated the cause of independence faithfully and fearlessly. He 
suffered much loss in his property by the depredations of the British. He 
had two sons, Matthew and Peter, who were ministers. 

Among the many trials to which he was exposed during the Revolu- 
tion by the enemy, who frequently passed his house in their marches on 
the road between New York and Philadelphia, the severest of them all was 
brought on by the wayward and disgraceful conduct of his daughter Eliza- 
beth, who not only associated with the British officers, but for whom she 
even left her home and accompanied one of them to England. On their 
passage thither he treated her most shamefully, and finally deserted her. 
While in England, she became converted to the Methodist faith, and after 
remaining there for nearly thirty years, returned to her old neighborhood 
in a state of destitution and laboring under the infirmities of age. Here 
she spent a season in visiting her father's old church friend still living, 
who, on his account, received her with kindness. She spent some days at 
my father's, was much engaged in religious conversation and in singing 
Methodist hymns which she learned while in England. Although a boy, 
I yet remember her singing the hymn commencing with the words: 

"Oh come let us join, together combine, 
To praise our dear Saviour, our Master Divine. 
Sing Halleluiah, sing Hallelujah, 
Sing Hallelu, Hallelu, Hallelujah." 

My parents had no doubt as to her true conversion, and for a time 
extended Christian sympathy to her, mainly on account of the high respect 
and regard which they entertained for her parents and their family. Her 
welcome at the families which she visited at length failed, so that she did 
not venture another visit. She died a short time after in a state of desti- 
tution and was buried by the town. Johannes Leydt died at the parson- 
age June 2, 1783, and was buried in the old burying-ground at Three-Mile 
Run. His wife, Treyntie Sleight, and Elizabeth and Anna, two of the 
children who died young, lie by the side of their parents opposite the gate. 

Jacob Skillman, a remarkably industrious and energetic man. some- 
time after the death of Leydt, purchased the farm of the congregati 
For some years he conducted a saw-mill on the place, also a large cider 



Franklin Township Historical Notes 27 

whiskey distillery, and did a profitable business in carting mercantile goods 
between New Brunswick and Trenton during the Embargo and War of 
181 2. By his industrious and economical habits he became wealthy. He 
was a good friend and supporter of the church of Six-Mile Run, and one 
of its elders. He had nine children, six sons and three daughters, viz.: 
Isaac, Jacob, Abraham, Thomas, John. William, Ellen., Mary and Jane. 
Jacob, Abraham and Thomas were physicians. His son John built a new 
house on the westerly part of the land, where he lived and died, and 
which is now owned and resided on by his son Henry. The remaining 
part of the land, with the old building, is owned by Isaac W. Pumyea, 
who lives in a new house erected by him and located by the Old Road 
on land once belonging to the Leydt tract. 

[At this point the articles are taken up in order as originally written 
by the author]. 

Among other early settlers along the old Indian Path was Cornelius 
DeHart, a son of Simon DeHart, of French origin, who came to this 
country in 1664, and bought, prior to 1673. a farm of about 300 acres at 
Gowanus, L. I. He had sons: Simon, who remained there: Elias. who 
settled in Monmouth county, N. J.; also a grandson Cornelius, who, in 
•1720, settled at Six-Mile Run. Simon, the son. who inherited the Go- 
wanus farm, left no male descendants, and it came into the possession of 
Simon Bergen, one of the descendants in the female line. 

Cornelius DeHart, of Six-Mile Run. purchased of the Indians 210 
acres of land, but was compelled to repurchase it from the Proprietors, 
paying, therefore, twice for the same property. He had three sons and 
several daughters; some other sons died early. The sons who survived 
were: Cornelius, Guisbert and Abraham. After the death of his father. 
.Cornelius, Jr., owned and lived on the one-third part of the land, which is 
now in the possession of Charles Dunham. Guisbert and Abraham had 
the remaining part, and lived in the house which the father erected, and 
to which additions and improvements have been made, being the one in 
which John S. Vborhees and family reside. One of his daughters. Sarah, 
married Roeloff Vborhees, grandfather of Abram D. Voorhees, of Adams' 
Station. Another daughter. Ann, married Jacobus DeHart. 

Cornelius located in the woods, at the upper forks of the Six -] 
Run brook, to which the Indians were often attracted by the various kinds 
of game with which the neighborhood abounded, including deer. Cor- 
nelius was a successful deer hunter. Behind his barn he kept a decoy 
doe, or female deer, by which others were attracted to the place, and 
where, from a covert, he would shoot with his large shot-gun. The [ 
has been preserved in the family, and is a relic of the "olden times." It 



28 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

is, doubtless, from 130 to 200 year-, old The gun 

long, and weigh-: fifteen pounds Cornelius, with - 

Simon WyckofF, John Vliet and .- .'-.■,.- c paper 

taining the complaint against the Rev. T. J. Freiing ey belonged 

to the party in the church called the Conference. 

Guisbert DeHart never married, but lived with brj kg - fn ifi — 
until his decease, after which Abraham added to the farm . - owr- 
chases of surrounding lands. At his death it cor. m ' . ~ besides 
in which he owned at Lawrence's Brook, mak - z - \ 

Abraham DeHart married Sarah Van Cleef, daughter of John Van 
Cleef, Sr., and died Aug. 21st, 1832, in the 74th yea- " ■■.■-. Sana* 
survived him and ditd Oct. 7th, 1844, in he- - - .ear children 

were : John, who married Anna Ayres, and died 
26th year of his age ; Cornelius, who d. : 

years and 6 months; Moyca, bora Ang. 20th, ijtyi. die-. 36nV 

married Peter P., son of Peter Van Doren, of MrBstone, and 2 grandson. 
of Christian Van Doren, one of the h: 

the death of Abraham De Hart, his heirs sold the Lawrence's Brook land 
of in acres, leaving \- •- : : "estead to contair -~ : \ - . - - ■: 
old-times farm in the township where it lies. 

Peter P. Van Doren, the : :s w ;-.-.'. '.: : --.- . - . T ■' - . - 
1857, in the 73rd year of his mgt 

tk estate was inherited by their rUiagjiln!* Mar garet and Sarah Aim, who, 
with John S. Voorhees, the hnKhmwf of Sarah, kzve lesi d ed or. 

The early settlers, in clearing- the forests, were much jiwrti J by their 
slaves. In some families tt- ire rum ir : - . . . . 

ers depended upon th^ r ■.;.::_ tir.r z • \ :r.e 

important assistance. 

One of the Vliet families, it wa 17 lomposed of 

different ages and sexes. Cornelius DeHar: - " " : :ur 

from a slave legro g:rL named - ■ - ■ . - . 

and was a daughter of one of the }". : : 
the voyage : ; Am =r. :a - l ::~ 

crev : :ing to fee! : her hand : • vi 

the purpose of 1 : ' ■' 

tering. 2 : - _ - - - ; 

did in Africa, tc v : : 1 

point them in : - t- r - - 

a faithful ser in: — :u: ha 

come when she wools' be able t : at she, tine Kmg' s i iii^fiti 1 . was 

free. Her - .- 
:- res is tha: :e : ": : ~ , 



Kahris Journey Through New Jersey, 1748 29 

Thomas, free, which she was also permitted to see. In her old age Abra- 
ham DeHart built a house for her on his land, in which she enjoyed the 
freedom so earnestly coveted, and in which she lived and died. Her son 
Thomas, who was also freed, lived there with her until she died. Her 
remains lie buried, with those of several of her children, in a colored bury- 
ing-ground on the south bank of the Six-Mile Run brook, with others of 
the Vliet, Van Cleef and DeHart colored families. It is located about 200 
yards east of the residence of Ralph Voorhees, Jr. 

Almost every family in former days had places on their farms where 
they buried their colored dead. About 200 yards north of the house of 
Mrs. Peter Hagaman is a colored burying-ground where those of the 
WyckofT and Hagaman families were buried. There was another near 
the tenant-house of Henry Cortelyou, on the south side of the line between 
the lands of Van Cleef and Hagaman. When the new road was laid out 
at that place between the turnpike and the Middlebush road, about 50 
years ago, it was objected to and opposed on- account of its passing over 
the colored burying-ground; nevertheless, it was laid there. 

On each side of the line between the old Stryker and Stothoff farms, 
near Franklin Park, is another which was established for burying the 
colored dead of their families. 

The writer, when a boy sixty years ago, well remembers four similar 
burial grounds in Middlebush, and was present at some of the burials, all 
of which the plowshare has passed over, leaving, at this day, no trace of 
the places where they were located. 

Adjoining the DeHart property on the north, in 1766, nearly oppo- 
site to the house of the present John W. Williamson, across the Old Path, 
was the bouse of John Pyatt, who appears to have married in one of the 
WyckofT families. Pie was succeeded on the place by Rynear Merrill, he 
by son William, and he by Isaac Silcocks. At the commencement of 
the present century the old house was taken down. The name of Pyatt 
appears to have become extinct in this section of the country. The Pyatt 
property is now owned by Frank Pennel, a house having been erected 
recently a few yards north of the old one in which he resides. 

[To be Continued] 

i££ %£* i2r* x£y 

KALM'S JOURNEY THROUGH NEW JERSEY, 1748 

One of the authorities sometimes quoted by writers on early Xew Jersey 
history is Peter Kalm, a Swedish traveler, who made a tour of the col- 
onies in 1748. His journal, translated by John R. Forster. F. A. S., was 
published in three volumes in England, under the title "Travels Into Xorth 
America," in 1770. The following extracts from Vol. I, between pages 



30 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

221 and 231, give all the essential points of Kalm's observations on the 
trip from Trenton to New Brunswick. Where omissions are indicated 
Kalm, who was a naturalist, described the trees and plants of the coun- 
try through which he passed. 

"October 28th, 1748. But from Trenton further to Xew Brunswick, 
the travellers go in the waggons which set out every day for that place. 
Several of the inhabitants, however, likewise subsist on the carriage for 
all sorts of goods, which are every day sent in great quantities, either 
from Philadelphia to New York, or from thence to the former place ; 
for between Philadelphia and Trenton all goods go by water, but between 
Trenton and New Brunswick they are all carried by land. 

"Between Trenton and New Brunswick a person pays two shillings 
and sixpence, and the baggage is likewise paid for separately. 

"We continued our journey in the morning; the country through 
which we passed was, for the greatest part, level, though sometimes there 
were some long hills ; some parts were covered with trees, but far the 
greater part of the country was without woods; on the other hand I 
never saw any place in America, the towns excepted, so well peopled. 
An old man who lived in this neighborhood and accompanied us for some 
part of the road, however, assured me that he could well remember the 
time when between Trenton and New Brunswick there were not above 
three farms, and he reckoned it was about fifty and some odd years ago. 
During the greater part of the day we had very extensive corn fields on 
both sides of the road, and commonly towards the south the country had 
a great declivity. Near almost every farm was a spacious orchard full of 
peaches and apple trees, and in some of them the fruit was fallen from the 
trees in such quantities as to cover nearly the whole surface. Tart of it 
they left to rot since they could not take it all in and consume it. When- 
ever we passed by we were always welcome to go into the fine orchards 
and gather our hats and pockets full of the choicest fruit, without the pos- 
sessors so much as looking after it. Cherry trees were planted near the 
farms on the roads, etc. 

"The barns 1 had a peculiar kind of construction hereabouts, which I 
will give a concise description of. The whole building was very great. SO 
as almost to equal a small church ; the roof was pretty high, covered with 
wooden" shingles, declining on both sides, but not steep. The walls which 
support it were not much higher than a full grown man ; but, on the other 
hand, the breadth of the building was the more considerable. In the mid- 
dle was the threshing floor, and above it, or in the loft or garret, they put 
the corn which was not yet threshed, the straw, or anything else, accord- 



1 The author seems to comprehend more by this word than what it commonly 
includes, for he describes it as a building, which contains both a barn and stables 



Kalm's Journey Through New Jersey, 1748 31 

ing to the season. On one side were stables for the horses, and on the 
other for the cows. And the small cattle had likewise their particular 
stables or styes. On both ends of the buildings were great gates, so that 
one could come in with a cart and horses through one of them, and go 
out of the other. Here was, therefore, under one roof, the threshing floor, 
the barn, the stables, the hay loft, the coach house, etc. This kind of build- 
ing is chiefly made use of by the Dutch and Germans; for it is to be 
observed that the country between Trenton and New York is inhabited 
by few Englishmen, but instead of them by the Germans or Dutch, the 
latter of which especially are numerous. 2 

"About nine English miles from Trenton the ground began to change 
its colour; hitherto it consisted of a considerable quantity of hazel col- 
oured clay, but at present the earth was a reddish brown. . . . This 
reddish brown earth we always saw till near New Brunswick, where it is 
particularly plentiful. 

"About ten o'clock in the morning we came to Prince-town, which is 
situated in a plain. Most of the houses are built of wood, and are not 
contiguous, so that there are gardens and pastures between them. As 
these parts were sooner inhabited by Europeans than Pennsylvania, the 
woods were likewise more cut away, and the country more cultivated, so 
that one might have imagined himself to be in Europe. 

"We now thought of continuing our journey, but as it began to rain 
very heavily, and continued so during the whole day and part of the night, 
we were forced to stay till next morning. 

"October the 29th. This morning we proceeded on our journey. 
The country was pretty well peopled ; however there were yet great woods 
in many places ; they all consisted of deciduous trees, and I did not per- 
ceive a single tree of the fir kind till I came to New Brunswick. The 
ground was level, and did not seem to be everywhere of the richest kind. 
In some places it had hillocks, losing themselves almost imperceptibly in 
the plains, which were commonly crossed by a rivulet. Almost near every 
farm-house were great orchards. The houses were commonly built of tim- 
ber, and at some distance by themselves stood the ovens for baking, con- 
sisting commonly of clay. 

"On a hill covered with trees, and called Rockhill. I saw several pieces 
of stone or rock so big that they would have required three men to roll 
them down. But besides these there were few great stones in the country ; 
for most of those which we saw, could easily be lifted up by a single man. 
In another place we perceived a number of little round pebbles, but we 
did not meet with either mountains or rocks. 



'This kind of building is frequent in the north of Germany. Holland and 
Prussia, and therefore it is no wonder that it is employed by people who were 
used to them in their own country. 



3 2 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

"About noon we arrived at New Brunswick, a pretty little town in 
the province of New Jersey, in a valley on the west side of the river Rare- 
ton; on account of its low situation it cannot be seen (coming from Penn- 
sylvania) before you get to the top of the hill, which is quite close up to 
it. The town extends north and south along the river. The German 
inhabitants have two churches, one of stone and the other of wood; the 
English church is of the latter kind, but the Presbyterians were building 
one of stone. The town house makes likewise a pretty good appearance. 
Some of the other houses are built of bricks, but most of them are made 
either wholly of wood, or of bricks and wood ; the wooden houses are not 
made of strong timber, but merely of boards or planks, which are joined 
by laths; such houses as consist of both wood and bricks, have only the 
wall towards the street of bricks, all the other sides being merely of planks. 
This peculiar kind of ostentation would easily lead a traveller, who passes 
through the town in haste, to believe that most of the houses are built of 
bricks. The houses were covered with shingles; before each door there 
was an elevation, to which you ascend by some steps from the street ; it 
resembled a small balcony, and had some benches on both sides, on which 
the people sat in the evening in order to enjoy the fresh air, and to have 
the pleasure of viewing those who passed by. The town has only one 
street lengthways, and at its northern extremity there is a street across; 
both of these are of a considerable length. 

"The river Rareton passes hard by the town, and is deep enough for 
great yachts to come up; its breadth near the town is within the reach of 
a common gun shot; the tide comes up several miles beyond the town. 
The yachts were placed lengthways along the bridge; the river has very 
high and pretty steep banks on both sides, but near the town there are no 
such banks, it being situated in a low valley. One of the streets is almost 
entirely inhabited by Dutchmen, who came hither from Albany, and for 
that reason they call it Albany street. These Dutch people only keep com- 
pany with themselves, and seldom or never go among the other inhabitants, 
living, as it were, quite separate from them. New Brunswick belongs to 
New Jersey ; however, the greatest part, or rather all its trade, is with New 
York, which is about forty English miles distant; to that place they 
send corn, flour in great quantities, bread, several other necessaries, a great 
quantity of linseed, boards, timber, wooden vessels, and all sorts of car- 
penters' work. Several small yachts are every day going backwards and 
forwards between these two towns. The inhabitants likewise get a con- 
siderable profit from the travellers, who every hour pass through, on the 
high road. 

"The steep banks consist of the red limestone, which I have before 
described. It is here plainly visible that the strata are not horizontal, but 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 33 

considerably dipping, especially towards the south. The weather and the 
air has in a great measure dissolved the stone here. I inquired whether 
it could not be made use of, but was assured that in building houses it was 
entirely useless; for, though it is hard and permanent under ground, yet 
on being dug out and exposed for some time to the air, it first crumbles 
into greater, then into lesser pieces, and at last is converted into dust. An 
inhabitant of this town, however, tried to build a house with this sort of 
stone, but its outsides, being exposed to the air, soon began to change so 
much that the owner was obliged to put boards all over the wall to pre- 
serve it from falling to pieces. The people, however, pretend that this 
stone is a very good manure, if it is scattered upon the corn fields in its 
rubbish state, for it is said to stifle the weeds; it is therefore made use of 
both on the fields and in gardens. 

"Towards the evening we continued our journey, and were ferried 
over the river Rareton, together with our horses. In a very dry summer, 
and when the tide has ebbed, it is by no means dangerous to ride through 
this river. On the opposite shore the red juniper tree was pretty abun- 
dant. The country through which we now passed was pretty well 
inhabited." 

After leaving New Brunswick Kalm made good time on his journey 
to New York. He went via Woodbridge and Elizabeth-town to Eliza- 
beth-town Point, where he spent the night at an inn. The next morning 
he arose at dawn, was ferried to Staten Island, rode to the north end 
of the island, when he took a boat which landed him in New York at 
about eleven o'clock. 

GASTON FAMILY LINES OF SOMERSET 

BY MRS. ANNA REGER GASTON, SOMERVILLE, N. J. 

In giving in detail, so far as possible, the Somerset lines of the Gaston 
family, credit must be given, in the first place, to the results of patient 
inquiries and well-considered statements by Mr. Marshall Gaston, of 
Ohio, who investigated the Connecticut and Massachusetts Gaston lines, 
and to Mr. Charles A. Hanna, of Ohio, whose "Historical Collections of 
Hamilton County, Ohio," (1900) have gone into much detail concerning 
the early Somerset Gaston families. Without the latter work it would not 
have been possible to give herein so many of the descendants of Hugh 
Gaston, of Peapack, and it has also thrown much light upon the early 
descendants of Joseph Gaston, of Bernards. I also acknowledge the 
assistance of the Editor of the Quarterly in securing a large number of 
facts and dates, and that of Mr. John A. Powelson. of Bedminster town- 
3 



34 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

ship, and of various correspondents. Some of the other authorities are 
noted in their proper places. 

So far as known, nearly all Gastons in New Jersey descend from 
Joseph and Hugh Gaston, brothers, of Bedminster township, Somerset 
County. At present those of the name in the County are descendants of 
Joseph, the male descendants from Hugh being scattered elsewhere, chiefly 
in Pennsylvania and the West. But the Connecticut and Massachusetts 
lines also descend, as is believed, from brothers of Hugh and Joseph, viz., 
John and Alexander, as will presently appear. 

That the Gaston family was a French family there is no doubt. As 
early as 1445 "two gentlemen" of the name of Gaston, living at or near 
La-Mothe St. Didier, became interested in what were believed to be won- 
derful cures wrought at the shrine of St. Andrew in that town, especially 
because one of these Gaston sons was there cured of the disease known 
as "St. Anthony's Fire." In consequence they devoted their property to 
the work, and, seven other persons assisting, built a large hospital. The 
hospitallers soon founded the '"Congregation of Regular Canons of the 
Order of Anthony," and one of the Gastons was made Grand Master of 
the Order. (See McClinton and Strong's "Cyclopaedia of Biblical Liter- 
ature" (1894), Vol. I, p. 252), The name was common in France after- 
ward. Alphonse Daudet, the noted French novelist, used the name "Marie 
Gaston" as a pseudonym. 

The Gastons with which we in America are concerned adhered to the 
Calvinistic Reformation in the Sixteenth Century and had to leave France. 
The first known Gaston in the British Isles, and the earliest certain ances- 
tor of the New Jersey Gastons, was John Gaston, a French Huguenot, 
born about 1600, supposedly in France. He married in Scotland, and 
had, among other sons, three: John, William and Alexander. These 
three sons "emigrated to County Antrim, Ireland, about 1660 to 1668. 
Of these probably John, whose name appears on Hearth-money rate list 
for Ireland in 1669 as of Magheragall, County Antrim, had issue, among 
others, several sons, some of whom remained in Ireland and some emi- 
grated to America, as did also the sons of other brothers." William. 
son of John, remained in Ireland, but all of his sons came to America 
and settled in South Carolina except one, who went to North Carolina. 
Their names were: John, Elizabeth, Hugh, Mary, Robert. Janet. Wil- 
liam, Alexander and Martha. Alexander had a son William, b. 177S. who 
became a North Carolinian of distinction, serving in Congress iS 13-15 
and being Chief Justice of North Carolina 1834-44. One of this Scotch- 
Irish Gaston family (which one is not clearly stated), living in Gaston- 
town, County Antrim, had a daughter who m. Gavin MacArthur, whose 
son, William, born in 1796, came to America after 18 iS, settling in Ver- 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 35 

mont, married Malvina Stone, and was the father of Chester Alan Arthur, 
who became twenty-first President of the United States. 

John Gaston, the eldest son of the John of Scotland, is believed to 
have been the grandfather of: 

Hugh Gaston, of Peapack, Somerset co., N. J., b. 1698. 

Joseph Gaston, of Bernards township, Somerset co., N. J., b. about 
1700. 

John Gaston, of Voluntown, New London co., Conn., b. about 1704. 

Alexander Gaston, of Richmond, Mass., b. 1714. 

Mary Gaston, who m. Rev. James Cauldwell, who came to New Jersey 
about 1732 and settled at Long Hill, N. J. 

There may have been others, both sons and daughters, who did not 
come to America. 

Both John Gaston, of Connecticut, and Alexander Gaston, of Mas- 
sachusetts, have many descendants, both in the East and in the West. One 
of this John's descendants was Hon. William Gaston who became Governor 
of Massachusetts in 1874. 

It is said that the four brothers, Hugh, Joseph, John and Alexander, 
came at the same time and "landed in New Jersey," and, as we know from 
a Bible record and otherwise that Joseph arrived "about 1720," it is prob- 
able that is the approximate date of their arrival at (presumably) the port 
of Perth Amboy. 

We are now concerned only with Hugh and Joseph of Somerset 
County and their descendants. 

Line of Hugh Gaston, of Peapack, N. J. 

1. Hugh Gaston, farmer (line of John, of Ireland, Scotchman, as 
before stated), was b. in the county of Ajitrim, Ireland, of Scotch parents 
about 1687; d. at Peapack, Somerset County, N. J., Dec. 23, 1772, "in 
his 85th year," as his tombstone at Lamington indicates; m. (probably in 

Ireland about 1718) Jennet , who was b. about 1698 and d. Aug. I, 

1777, "in her 80th year." She was also buried at Lamington and has a 
tombstone. Some have supposed she was a Kirkpatrick, but without 
actual proof. 

Hugh arrived in New Jersey, with his brothers previously named, 
about 1720. Where he resided for the first twenty years no record shows. 
but probably in Bedminster township, as, on April 21, 1744. in the John- 
ston "Journals," his house is mentioned in a survey oi that date, viz.. "at 
10 chain Hugh Gastin's house," evidently near corner of Lot No. 7. 
(Quarterly, Vol. I, p. 264). So it is judged he, with other Scotch- 
Irishmen, drifted quickly to the Peapack Patent lots and. probably by an 
early lease, located in Bedminster township and built a log house, which 



36 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

had fallen to ruin by 1755. (Ibid, Vol. Ill, p. 262). He had at that time 
a large family growing up, and these dates are certain : 

On Feb. 10, 1746, he took up land (probably for his son William; in 
Mt. Bethel township, Bucks (now Northampton ) county, Pennsylvania. 
This was over the river from Warren county, and was just being developed 
by the Scotch-Irish (especially by the Craig family, which formed a set- 
tlement called "the Craig Settlement" in that general vicinity). 

On June 20, 175 1, he again took up land in Mt Bethel township, prob- 
ably for one of his sons. 

On May 2, 1755, he purchased Lot No. 5 in the Peapack Patent, 
embracing 268 Yz acres. (Quarterly, Vol. Ill, p. 196). 

lie was an attendant at aud contributed to the Lamington Presby- 
terian church during Rev. James McCrea's ministry (i740-'66), but no 
other records than those named, and the occasional references to him in 
the Johnston "Journals," throw light on his personal character, which 
no doubt was religious and positive after the Scotch fashion. Nor is 
there other data concerning him in Somerset, the early records of the 
County being destroyed in 1778. The data given below of his children is 
largely from the researches of Mr. Hanna, of Ohio, but have been extended 
and supplemented by searches in Somerset County and at Trenton. 

Children of Hugh Gaston* (i) and Jennet : 

(Order uncertain). 

2. John, b. about 1719; d. after 1793; m. . He settled in 

Upper Freehold township, Monmouth co., before 1740, attending the old 
Tennant church. In 1758 he owned a grist and fulling mill there (called 
"Gaston's Mill," being "on Rocky brook" in 1779; see "X. J. Archives" 
Vol. Ill, pp. 89, 99), and in the same year subscribed to the Presbyterian 
church parsonage at Cranbury. (Clayton's ''Hist, of Middlesex Co.," p. 
867). From Johnston's "Journals" of 1754, he was then of Cranbury, 
while his brother James was of Freehold. (Quarterly, Vol. Ill, p. 25). 
In 1793 he deeded a tract of land to his son, Hugh. His known children 
were all baptized at the Tennant church. (For children, see infra). 

3. WlLLlAttt, of Mt. Bethel township, Northampton Co.. Pa., b. 
about 1720; d. (killed by Indians) Dec, 1755 ; name of his wife unknown, 
but she d. before Sept., 1762. He went to Northampton (then Bucks' 1 
county in 1751. (For ch., see infra). 

4. Margaret, who m., Nov. 8, 1750. Thomas Moffat, of Middle- 
sex county, N. J. He d. 1770, and Hugh Gaston (her father, or brother") 
administered on his estate. (For ch., see infra). 

4a. Alexander (supposed). There was an Alexander Gaston who 
was a lay Judge of Somerset County, N. J., in 17S0. and it may have 
been he was a son of Hugh. 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 37 

5. Joseph. He took up land in Mt Bethel township, Northampton 

county, Jan., 1765; d. 1775; m. Isabel! , who d. after 1775. He 

was Justice of the Peace i766-'75. By his will his executors were "Hugh 
Gaston, of East Jersey, Samuel Kea, and Major John Gaston, of Mt 

Bethel township." 

7. Hugh, Jr., farmer, of Peapack, N. J., b. 1734; d. June 
25, 1808, "in his 75th year;" m. (1) Mary Sloan (dau. of William and 
Mary Sloan, of Lamington), who was b. about 1742 and d. Apr. 14, 1766. 
"in her 25th year;" (2) Mary Adams (dau. of John and Agnes Adams), 
who was b. about 1745 and d. Feb. 16, 1769, "in her 25th year;" and (3) 
Mary Kirkpatrick (dau. of Hon. David Kirkpatrick and Mary McEowen, 
of Minebrook, and sister to Chief Justice Andrew Kirkpatrick), who was 
b. Nov. 21, 1761, and d. July 1, 1842. After Mr. Gaston's death, Mary 
Kirkpatrick Gaston, his widow, m., Apr. 15, 1819, George Todd, who d. 
about Jun€, 1830. Hugh, Jr., succeeded to his father's estate (perhaps 
purchased it after his father's death) and lived in a stone house at Pea- 
pack. He was appointed lay Judge of Somerset in 1782. On Aug. 18, 
1808, his estate was administered on by his widow, Mary, and her brother, 
Alexander Kirkpatrick (who was the father of Rev. Jacob Kirkpatrick, 
D. D., of Ringoes, N. J.). It is believed Hugh, Jr., had no ch. by his 
second wife. (For ch., see infra). 

8. James, of Upper Freehold twsp., Monmouth co., in 1754. (See 
under John, 2). There appear to be no other dates concerning him, except 
that, sometime prior to 1758, he was on the congregational list of the Lam- 
ington Presbyterian church in Somerset Co., while in that year (1758) 
he subscribed to the building of a church parsonage at Allentown, N. 
J., and in 1785 he subscribed to the building of the Cranbury Presbyterian 
church, both being in Middlesex co. No further trace. 

9. Elizabeth, b. 1737; m. Thomas Kirkpatrick, who, in Sept., 
1795, was a member of the Session of the Basking Ridge Presbyterian 
church, and who settled at Liberty Corner. (For ch., see infra). 

10. Rebecca, b. Dec. 12, 1739; d. June, 1819: m. William Logan, 
of Bedminster twsp., who was b. Mar. 18, 1736, and d. Jan. 8, 18 14. 
(Quarterly, Vol. Ill, p. 154). 

Children of John Gaston (2) and : 



(All baptized at Tennant church, Monmouth county. N. J. 

11. Mary, bap. Dec. 9, 1739; d. in infancy. 

12. James, bap. Mar. 28, 1742; m., Apr. 20, 1773. Lydia Tapscott. 
He (or James 21), in 1773, took up land in Mt. Bethel twsp.. Northamp- 
ton co. ? Pa. Later a James Gaston was on the tax lists of Cecil and 
Rostraver twsps., Washington co., Pa. James and Lydia had a son VYil- 



38 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

liam, who served in the Revolutionary War, and who m. Catherine Eng- 
lish (dau. of Dr. James English, of Xcw Brunswick), and had ch. : 
Lydia Tapscott ; JohnBaird; Mary Attn; Letitia ; Hannah. 

" 13. Hugh, bap. July 15, 1744; lived in Millstone twsp., Monmouth 
co., until after 1801. 

14. Mary (second), bap. Mar. 8, 1747. 

15. Elizabeth (twin with Mary), bap. Mar. 8, 1747. 

16. Daniel, bap. Apr. 3, 1749; m. ; served in Revolutionary 

War. Children (bap. at Tennant) were: John; Catherine; John; Wil- 
liam; Jane. 

Children of William Gaston (3) and : 



17. John, b. (probably in Somerset County, N. J.), May, 1740; d. 
Sept. 10, 1823; m., in Monmouth co., X. J., Feb. 4, 1760, Charity Cheese- 
man (dau. of Joseph Cheeseman, of Upper Freehold — now Millstone — 
twsp., Monmouth co. ), who was b. Mar. 13, 1734, and d. Feb. 15. 182 1. 
Both are buried in the Mingo .churchyard in Washington co., Pa. John 
removed, after 1767, to Mt. Bethel twsp. (then Bucks co.), Pa.; took 
up 275 acres there in Feb., 1772. He served as a Major in the Revolu- 
tionary War. Between it8o-'82 he removed to Rostraver twsp., \Y 
moreland co., Pa., and. about 1700, to Peters (now Union) twsp., Wash- 
ington co,, Pa. His ch. were: William, who removed to Ohio; Joseph, 
who went to South Carolina and then to Butler co., Ohio; John ; Samuel ; 
James, who went to Ohio; Samuel (second) ; Elizabeth; Margaret, who 
m. Samuel McCain, of Xcw Jersey, and settled in Washington co., Pa. 

18. William, b. (probably in Somerset County, X. J.), about 1742; 
d. in Upper Mt. Bethel twsp. (then Bucks co.). Pa., about April, 1801 ; 

m. Elizabeth . (h is supposed his wife was a dau. of Robert 

Simonton, who resided in Bedminster twsp., Somerset County, prior to the 
Revolution). His children were : Alexander; William; Charles: Mar- 
garet; Elizabeth. 

19. Hugh, b. about 1745; served in Revolutionary War from Mt. 
Bethel twsp., Pa.; removed to Allegheny co., Pa., in 1795. 

20. Jennet, b. about 1748: m. Moses Phenix. 

21. James, b. about 1750. Supposed to have gone to Mt. Bethel 
twsp., Pa. (But he may be the James Gaston who was a Justice of the 
Peace of Somerset Co.. in 1781, and was appointed a Lay Judge in 1783, 
as of this last named James there seems to be no other trace). 

Children of Joseph Gaston ( 5) and [sabeu. : 



22. Hugh, b, in Somerset Co., X. J.. Jan. 18. 1764: d. in Colum- 
biana co. f Ohio, June 24, 1839; m.. Mar. 14, 1780. Grace Gaston (dau. of 
Robert Gaston, 40, and Rosanna Cooper I, who was b. Nov. 25, 1764, and 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 39 

<± Mar. 14, 1838. He remained in Bedminster twsp., Somerset Co., till 
about 1797, when he removed to Lycoming co., Pa., and subsequently went 
to Ohio. (For ch., see infra). 

23. James, b. in Somerset Co., N. J., about 1767; d. 1813; m. Jane 
. In 1788 he removed to Smith twsp., Washington co., Pa. Chil- 
dren were: William; Mary; Jane; John. 

24. Elizabeth. 

25. John, who probably settled in Indiana. 

26. Alexander, a physician, b. July 22, 1769; d. July 9. 1825; m. 
Rachel Perry. He probably went to Canton twsp., Washington co., Pa., 
•about 1792. Left descendants in Ohio. 

Children of Hugh Gaston, Jr. (7) and Mary Sloan: 

27. William, b. Apr. 2, 1763; d. Dec. 15, 1763. 

28. Joseph, b. Dec. 18, 1765 ; d. Aug. 14, 1777. 

-Children of Hugh Gaston, Jr. (7) and Mary Kirkpatrick : 

30. Samuel Kirkpatrick, physician, who rn. Nancy T. Cooper 
(dau. of Henry Cooper, of Chester, N. J.). He resided in Bedminster 

twsp., Somerset Co., in 18 16, when he conveyed 300 acres of land (doubt- 
less the same as owned by his father) to Nicholas Arrowsmith, and on Oct. 
27, 1817, a lot to the same. Had one ch., Henrietta. As there is no trace of 
him in N. J. after that date, it is supposed he went West. 

31. John, b. July 4, 1796; d. Feb. 17, 1800. 

Children of Thomas Kirkpatrick and Elizabeth Gaston (9) : 

(a) John Kirkpatrick; m. Anne Coriell (dau. of Elias Coriell). Ch. : 
Sarah, who m. John Layton and settled at Plainfield, N. J. ; Elizabeth, 
who m. John King (son of John King, of Liberty Corner, X. J.) ; Thomas, 
who m. Maria Hurd ; Elias, who m. Jane Squier (dau. of Ludlow Squier"), 
and settled at Plainfield, X. J.; James, who m. (1) Aletta Van Arsdale 
(dau. of Philip Van Arsdale), and (2) Mary Stout; Lydia. who m. Ste- 
phen Woodard, and removed to Chicago ; Jane, who m. David Kline ; 
Mary, who m. Tunis Van Xest; John, unmarried; Ann, who m. Philip 
Van Arsdale (son of Peter Arsdale) ; Hugh, who m. Elizabeth King. 
■of Belleville. 

(b) Jane Kirkpatrick, who d. unmarried, aged 60 years. 

Children of Hugh GastOxN (22) and Grace Gaston: 

32. Joseph, b. Dec. 24, 1789. Whom he m.. or where he settled 
and died is unknown. Children were : Samuel ; Hamilton ; Martin : 
Watson ; Hugh ; Jacob ; Elizabeth. 

33. James, b. Jan. 20, 1793; d. Mar. 13, 1872; m. Elizabeth Kil- 
gore, of Cadiz, Ohio, where he probably resided. 



40 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

34. Robert, b. Feb. 23, 1794; d. June 4, 1801. 

35. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 7, 1797; d. Jan. 14, 1816. 

36. Hugh, b. Apr. 9, 1804; d. Mar. 27, 1854. No further knowl- 
edge of him except that he had oh.: Hamilton; Martha; Elisabeth; 
Mary. 

(All foregoing probably lived in Ohio). 

Line of Joseph Gaston, of Bernards Township 
(Numbering continued to facilitate reference). 

37. Joseph Gaston (brother to Hugh (1) and son of John, of Ire- 
land, a Scotchman, as before stated), was b. in County Antrim, Ireland, 
about 1700; d. about April, 1777, in Bernards twsp., Somerset Co.. X. J.; 

m., probably about '1^2^-2%, Margaret . According to a record in 

the Gaston Bible owned by the late John W. Gaston, of North Branch, X. 
J., and according to published statements otherwise, he came to America 
with his brothers Hugh. John and Alexander, about 1720. He was 2 
farmer; but little is known of him. Xo record of the date of his death 
appears, nor is his place fff br.rial known (though it was probably at Bask- 
ing Ridge) ; but his will, $ated March 31. 1777, probated May, 1777 (Tren- 
ton Wills, Book 18, p. 577), provides for his wife "Margrete." ar.d directs 
his executors to "find her a place to live upon" after the sale of his farm. 
The children named in his will are Robert, Joseph, Martha, Margaret Kirk- 
patrick and Prucilla, and grandchildren William and Joseph Gaston ; also 
grandchildren John. Stephen, Elizabeth, Isaac and Margaret Gaston (chil- 
dren of his son John, who was deceased), and grandchildren Joseph. Wil- 
liam and John (sons of David Chambers). His executors were his sons 
Robert and Joseph Gaston and David Kirkpatrick. His widow. Mar- 
•garet, subsequently removed to, and doubtless lived with her son Joseph in 
Hardwick twsp., Sussex co. (now Frelinghuysen twsp.), where she died 
Aug. 31, 1795, aged 90 years. Her tombstone is to be found in the Yel- 
low Frame Presbyterian church burying-ground in Frelinghuysen twsp.. 
with these words following her name and date of death, "She was long 
a mother of Israel." This curious verse follows : 

"Age and diseases in a throng 
Attacked the house that stood so long 
In spite of all attempts to prep 
They tore the earthly fabrick up 
Tho dead she speaks and thus she cries 
Friends seek your house above the skies." 

Children of Joseph Gastox (37) and Margaret : 



(All born in Bernards township, Somerset Co.. X. J.), 
38. Margaret, who m. Andrew Kirkpatrick (son of Alexander and 
Elizabeth Kirkpatrick, the progenitors of the Kirkpatrick families in this 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 41 

country), of Somerset Co., N. J. Andrew arrived in this country with his 
father in 1736, and inherited the homestead, but, shortly after his father's 
death in 1758, he sold it to his brother David Kirkpatrick, and removed 
to Redstone, Fayette co., Pa., and had ch. : Alexander; Jennet, who m. 
Abner Johnson ; Elizabeth, who m. Hugh Hartley, farmer, who resided in 
Somerset County, X. J. (in Bedminster twsp.) ; Margaret, wife of Joseph 
McMartin; Mary; Sarah; Anne; Hannah. Elizabeth Bartley d. June 
24, 1803, aged 86 years. [For other particulars of the Kirkpatrick fam- 
ily, see next number of the Quarterly; also Ibid, Vol. Ill, p. 268; Lee's 
"Geneal. and Memor. Hist, of N. J.," Vol. II, p. 458; also "Kirkpatrick 
Memorial," 1867. — Editor Quarterly]. 

39. John, b. Nov. 10, 1730; d. Oct. 3, 1776; m. (1), June 27, 1758, 
Elizabeth Ker (dau. of William and Catherine Ker, of Lamington, natives 
of Scotland), who was b. Mar. 19, 1738, and d. May 6, 1765. He married 
(2) Sarah Ogden (dau. of Stephen Ogden and Elizabeth Whitaker, of 
Basking Ridge). John was a farmer, living, probably, near the Burnt 
Mills, which mills, or some other mills on the North Branch of the Rari- 
tan, he owned prior to his death, as his "mills" property is mentioned in a 
deed of 1787 to Colonel William McDonald, having been sold to him that 
year by John Gaston's executors. He was in the mercantile business with 
Bryan LefTerty prior to March, 1760 ("N. J. Archives," Vol. 20. p. 437). 
In 1762 he was one of the "Managers" of the Lottery for the Bound Brook 
Bridge. (Quarterly, Vol. Ill, p. 92). In a mortgage to him of 1769 
he is described as a "merchant." From 1772 to '76 he was clerk of the 
Board of Freeholders, and during this time was also engaged in building 
bridges, so that he must have been an active business man in his day. 
Probably he was also a member of the Bedminster township Committee 
of Observation and Inspection in 1775 (as stated, without first name, in 
Mellick's "Story of an Old Farm," p. 286). He was an attendant at the 
Lamington Presbyterian church. His will, dated Sept. 10, 1776, probated 
Oct. 14, 1776 (Trenton Wills, Book 18, p. 1), refers to his wife as 
"Sarah Gaston," and mentions eldest son William, and sons Joseph and 
John. The will states eight children. (For ch., see infra). 

40. Robert, b. Jan. 23, 1732; d. in Torbet (now Delaware) twsp., 
Northumberland co., Pa., Sept. 2, 1793, and was buried in Warrior Run 
graveyard; m., May 15, 1762, Rosanna Cooper (dau. of Daniel Cooper. 
the famous cenetenarian of Long Hill, N. J., and probably Grace Runyon,c 
the first of Daniel's six wives), who was b. Mar. 27,. 1742, and d. Jan. 
14, 1817. Robert resided in Bernards twsp., Somerset Co., N. J., until 
about 1770; then in Pequannock twsp., Morris co., until 177S; then in 
Bedminster twsp., Somerset Co., until about July, 17Q2. when he removed 
to Northumberland co., Pa. While in Morris co., in May. 1776, he was 



42 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

the first man to sign the articles of association of many citizens of that 
county to sustain the Continental Congress (*'N. J. Archives" First Series 
Vol. X, p. 717). On May 15, 1777, he was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel 
in the Western Battalion, Morris co. militia, but subsequently (date not 
given) resigned. ("N. J. Archives," Second Series, Vol. I, p. 290: Stri- 
ker's "Officers and Men," p. 358). On Oct. 15, 1777, he purchased ten 
acres of land in the township of Mendham, Morris co., but the next year 
removed to Bedminster twsp., Somerset Co., and resided on a place of 
about 20 acres (which embraced what is now known as Schomp's Mills), 
-adjoining the "Old Stone House farm" of Johannes Moelick. In 1782 he 
•was Justice of the Peace; from i782-'84 he was clerk of the Board of 
Chosen Freeholders of Somerset. During the same period, in 1783, he 
was appointed a Lay Judge of the Somerset Courts. In 1787 he was 
assessed on 20 acres in Bedminster twsp. In the October Term, 1791, he 
again appears on the records as Lay Judge, but not after the June Term, 
1792. During that year he sold the Bedminster place mentioned, and also 
37 acres of land in Bernards twsp., to Nicholas Arrowsmith (as per Som- 
erset Deeds), and removed to Northumberland co., Pa., where his son, 
Joseph, was located, and there died. He was a Free Mason, as appears 
by the Bedminster Lodge books. (For ch., see infra). 

41. Joseph, of Sussex co., N. J., b. about 1738; d. Oct. 24. 1804; 
m., Nov. 2, 1772, Margaret Linn (dau. of Joseph Linn and Martha Kirk- 
patrick, of Sussex co.), who was b. about 1 751 and d. Sept. tq, 1822, in 
her 72nd year. (The above-named Joseph Linn was a brother to Judge 
Alexander Linn, of Bernards twsp., Somerset Co.. and his wife Margaret 
was the daughter of Andrew Kirkpatrick, of Mine Brook V Joseph Gas- 
ton was a farmer, and an elder in the Yellow Frame Presbyterian church 
in Hardwick twsp., Sussex co. (now Frelinghuysen twsp.. Warren co.\ 
On June 1, 1776, he purchased of his father-in-law "Lot No. 2" in Hard- 
wick twsp., containing 218 acres. (Sussex Deeds, not recorded until Nov. 
28, 1816). He also owned at the time of his death 59 acres in Newton 
twsp., and 60 additional acres in Hardwick twsp. In the Rev. Casper 
Schaeffer "Memoirs and Reminiscences" (1907), edited by Hon. William 
M. Johnson, of Hackensack. two interesting sentences occur respecting 
Joseph. "Immediately in front of the pulpit, on the west side of the mid- 
dle aisle, appeared the aldermanic and portly form of Esquire Gaston and 
his family. . . . Joseph Gaston. Esq.. was esteemed a judicious. 
upright man ; he died of bilious colic." (Page 50). 

Joseph was both a prominent and responsible man, as he was not only 
paymaster during the Revolution to the militia of Sussex co.. but was also 
appointed sole agent for that county of forfeited estates (estates confiscated 
because belonging to Tories), and as such agent made several deeds m 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 43 

1787, one being to Henry Johnson, of Newton, (Capt. Henry, son of Coart 
Johnson, of Readington, Hunterdon co., and grandfather of Hon. William 
M. Johnson). From 1798- 1800 he was a member of the New Jersey As- 
sembly. As Joseph died intestate, his real estate descended to his two 
daughters, Martha and Margaret, who, with their husbands, Dr. Elijah 
Everett and Rev. John Boyd, made a partition deed in May, 1809, by 
which Margaret received the homestead in Hardwick twsp. of 218 acres, 
and the other lands went to Martha. Joseph's wife, Margaret, in her will 
of June 22, 182 1 (Sussex Wills, Book B), mentions these daughters 
and three grandchildren, Joseph Gaston Everett, Margaret Gaston Everett 
and Margaret Boyd. (For ch., see infra). 

42. Martha, who m. Paterson. No further trace. 

43. Priscilla (or Prucilla, as spelled in father's will), who m. 
(license date), Sept. 24, 1771, Daniel McCain, of Somerset Co. (probably 
son of James McCain). They probably resided in Hardwick twsp., Sus- 
sex co., as McCains were there fifty years ago. 

44. : — (daughter, name unknown), who m. David Chambers, 

but was deceased in 1777, leaving ch. : Joseph; William; John, as per 
will of Joseph, 41). 

Children of John Gaston (39) and Elizabeth Ker: 

45. Catherine, b. May 12, 1759; d. Apr. 14, 1762. 

46. William, of Pluckemin, N. J., b. Jan. 13, 1761 ; d. Feb. 13, 
1809; m., Dec. 10, 1782, Naomi Teeple (dau. of John Teeple and Mar- 
garet Castner, of Pluckemin), who was b. July 20. 1760, and d. June 24, 
1818. He learned the trade of harness making and kept a shop in Plucke- 
min, his house being a little west of the village. The parents oi Wil- 
liam's wife were somewhat noted in local annals from the fact that, after 
living together for fifty-seven years, they died on the same day. Mar. 17, 
181 3, w r ithin three hours of each other, and were buried in the same grave 
at Pluckemin. William died without a will. Naomi's will, probated in 
1818 (Somerset Wills, Book B, p. 370), bequeathed all her property to her 
son, William, who was appointed sole executor. (For ch., see infra). 

47. Joseph, of Pluckemin, b. Mar. 29. 1763; d. Oct. 16, 1796; m., 
Mar. 1, 1781, Ida Van Arsdalen (dau. of Capt. Isaac Van Arsdalen, noted 
patriot). This Ida is the one who, when fourteen years of age. gained 
glory by following the British who had made a raid at Pluckemin 
and had carried away her favorite colt, and recaptured the colt. ( Snell's 
"Hunterdon and Somerset," p. 701). Joseph owned 19 acres of land in 
five lots in 1795 (when he mortgaged same), purchased of George Schamp, 
John Teeple, Garret Eoff and others. He d. when thirty-three, without a 
will, and his estate was administered on by his father-in-law and Abraham 
Brown. (For ch., see infra). 



44 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Children of John Gaston (39) and Sarah Ogdek: 

48. John, who m. a Lansing and settled at Lansingburg, N. Y. 

49. Stephen, b. July 20, 1769; m., at Troy, New York, Hannah 
Wright, who was b. in Massachusetts in 1783. He settled in the State 
of New York, and has now some descendants at Montclair, N. J. 

50. Elizabeth, who m. Elias Hedges and settled at Colerain, Ohio. 

51. Isaac, b. Mar. 25, 1773; nl -> Mar. J 7> i&>3» Anna Hedges, and 
settled near Morristown. Children: (1) Augustus L., b. May 15, 1801 ; 
d. 1841 ; settled at Reilly, Butler co., Ohio, in 1828. (2) Elias Hedges, 
of same place. (3) Margaret, who m. Smith Scudder, of Elizabeth, X.J. 

51a, Margaret. 

Children of Robert Gaston (40) and Rosanna Cooper : 

52. Grace, b. Nov. 25, 1764; d. Mar. 14, 1838; m., Hugh Gaston, 
who finally settled in Ohio. (See further under Hugh, 22, and, for ch., 
Nos. 32-36). 

53. Joseph, b. Nov. 19, 1766; d. Apr. 18, 1834; m., Mar. 12, 17S7, 
Margaret Melick (dau. of Aaron Malick — as he wrote his name — and 
Charlotte. Miller), who was b. Dec. 22, 1767. He settled in Northumber- 
land co., Pa., where he served as county commissioner. Their childien 
being fully given, with details, in Mellick's "Story of an Old Farm" (p. 
635), they are merely added here in brief, viz.: (1) Robert, cf Warrior 
Run, Northumberland co., Pa., who m. Eleanor Shannon. (2) Charlotte, 
who m. James Durham. (3) Rosanna. (4) Aaron, who m. (a) Sarah 
Ann Clarke, and (b) Rosanna Camp. (5) Daniel, clergyman, who m. 
Rosa Morris. (6) Mary. (7) Anne, who m. William Sample. Mellick 
gives only a line to Rev. Daniel Gaston, but it ought to be added that he 
was educated at Lafayette College, was pastor at Beaver Meadows Pa. ; 

' and from Jan. 1, 1845, until ms death, A P r - l6 « l ^5* was pastor of the 
Cohocksink Presbyterian church at Philadelphia. After his death the 
members of this church established a mission, which has since become the 
fine Gaston Presbyterian church of Philadelphia, located at nth street and 
Lehigh avenue. 

54. Margaret, b. Dec. 17, 176S; d. Sept. 10, 1807; m., 1785, Daniel 
Melick (brother to Margaret, of preceding paragraph ), tanner and far: 
of Bedminster twsp., Somerset Co., N. J., who wa^ b. Oct. 2S, 1763. and 
d. July 9, 1815, in the "Old Stone House," Bedminster. Daniel subse- 
quently m. (1808) Catherine Johnston LaRue. His children arc 1 
named here, because fully given, with their descendants, in : 
"Story of An Old Farm,*' (p. 639). These children were (by first wife) : 
(1) Aaron, num.; (2) Elizabeth, who m. Dennis Van Duyn, oi \ 
(3) Charlotte, unm. ; (4) Roseanna, who m. William J. Todd, of I 
pack; (5) John, who m. Ann Nevius; (6) Mary, who m. Peter Sutphen, 



Somerset County Revolutionary Pensioners 45 

of Bedminster; (7) David, unm. ; (8) William, who m. Maria Suydam; 
(9) Daniel, unm.; (10) Catherine, who m. John Allen. (By second 
wife) : (11) Margaret, who m. Abram D. Huff; (12) Andrew D., who 
m. Elizabeth Dunn, and was father of Andrew D., Jr., author of "The 
Story of An Old Farm." 

55. Mary, b. Feb. 12, 1770. 

56. Daniel, b. Apr. 5, 1773. 

57. Anne, b. Mar. 25, 1774. 

58. George Washington, b. Apr. 2, 1777. 

59. John, b. Feb. 8, 1780. 

(Of what became of the last five children, no record has been found;. 

Children of Joseph Gaston (41) and Margaret Ltnn: 

60. Martha, b. about 1774; m., Jan., 1800, Dr. Elijah Everett, who 
d. Jan. 11, 1850. Dr. Everett resided in Greene twsp., six miles from 
Newton. They had at least two children, Joseph G. and Margaret G. 
(As to land inheritance of Martha, see under her father, Joseph, 41). 

61. Margaret, b. about 1776; m., Apr. 10, 1806, Rev. John Boyd 
(son of John Boyd, of Franklin co., Pa.). Rev. Mr. Boyd was a brother 
to Rev. William Boyd, pastor of the Presbyterian church of Lamington, 
Somerset Co., N. J., from 1784-1807. From 1803-' 12 he was pastor of the 
Yellow Frame Presbyterian church in Hardwick twsp., Sussex co. (now 
in Frelinghuysen twsp., Warren co.), and of the Newton Presbyterian 
church, jointly, but when or where he died I have not been able to ascer- 
tain. They had at least one ch., Margaret. (As to the land inheritance 
from her father, see under Joseph, 41). 

[To be Continued] 

^% te*t o^* t<?* 

SOMERSET COUNTY REVOLUTIONARY PENSIONERS 

A Full List of Revolutionary pensioners in all the States was published 
by the United States Government in 1835, in Senate Document No. 250, 
First Session, 23rd Congress. The document is a scarce one. and prob- 
ably few of our readers have ever seen it. An abstract of the list as there 
published of Somerset County pensioners is given below. What is stated 
omits the yearly amount of pensions, which was small, ranging from 
$26.66 to $80 for a private ; officers received more. The dates given are 
when the pensioners were placed on the pension roll. The list, when giving 
the ages, does not state whether they were the ages when the pensions 
began, or when, later (sometimes several years later), the names went on 
the pension records. 



46 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Invalid Pensioners on Pension Roll Under Various Acts of 

Congress 

Bennett, Isaac, sergeant N. J. militia; July 16, 1822. 

Brant, John, private, 23rd U. S. Infantry; Feb. 24, 1817. 

Johnson, William, private, U. S. Army. 

Moffett, Daniel, private, Corps U. S. Artillery; Mar. 24, 1817. Died 

Apr. 26, 1830. 
Putney, Caleb, sergeant, 3rd Regt., U. S. Artillery; Feb. I, 1816. 
Rynehart, Henry, private, 13th Reg't., U. S. Infantry; May 17, 1816. 

Died Sept. 24, 1828. 
Toland, John, private, 2nd Reg't., U. S. Artillery; Mar. 28, 1816. 

[A few others appear on the roll for New Jersey, residences and par- 
ticulars of whom are unknown, owing to the destruction of records in 
1801 and 1814]. 

On Pension Roll as "Died in U. S. Service;" Heirs Pensioned 
Under Act of April 16, 1816 

Giddes, Jeremiah, private, 3rd Reg't, Artillery. Died Oct. 30, 1812. 

Heirs: Azariah, Charity, Thomas, Jeremiah and Mary Giddi.->. 
Gordon, Thomas, private 15th Reg't Infantry. Died Aug. 19, 181 2. 

Heirs: William and Maria Gordon. 
Roff, Moses, private Corps Artillery. Died June 30, 1812. Heirs: 

Deborah, Phoebe, Maria and Jonathan RofT. 
Vaughan, John, private, Artillery. Died July 4, 1813. Heirs: Levi and 

Mary Ann Vaughan. 

On Pension Roll Under Act of Mar. 18, 1818 

Allen, Samuel (1st), private N. J. Line, Sept. 26, 1818; age 82. Died 

Oct. 28, 1832. 
Caviller, John, private N. J. Line, Sept. 24, 1818: age 71. 
Devore, John, private N. J. Line, Apr. 18. 1818: age 63. 
Edgar (or Eager), Archibald, private N. J. Line, Apr. io, 1818; age 73. 

Died Oct. 1, 1820. 
Fulkerson, William, private Va. Line, May 18, 1818: age 60. 
Gray, Tacob, private N. J. Line, May 7, 1819: age 82. 
Hoagland, Johannis, private Conn. Line, Apr. 21, 1819; age 79. Died 

Nov. 17, 1825. 
Johnson, Thomas (1st), private N. J. Line, Apr. 14, 1818; age 70. Died 

Feb. 12, 1826. 
Lallen, Michael, private Md. Line. Mar. 5, 1S19. Died Feb. 2. i$j- 
Little, Nathaniel, private Del. Line. Apr. 7, 1818; age 70 
McKessack, William, Capt Penn. Line. Apr. 12. 1818; age 
McKnight, Malcom, musician. Penn. Line, July 15. 1819; age 70. 
Myer, Henry, drummer, Penn. Line, Jan. 16, 1819; age 85. Died I 

14, 1829. 
Orsman, Benjamin, private N. J. Line. Dec. 19. 1818: age 72. Died 

Mar. 9, 1823. 



Somerset County Revolutionary Pensioners 47 

Pack, William, private X. J. Line, Feb. 16, 1S19; age 75. Died June 15, 

1833- 
Peterson, Thomas, Capt. N. J. Line, Apr. 5, 1818; age 71. 
Post, William, private N. J. Line, July 20, 1819; age 78. Died Apr. 18, 

1822. 
Smallery, Isaac, private Dunn's Co. Exp. Riders, Sept. 11, 1830; age 79. 
Sutherland, Daniel, private N. Y. Line, Apr. 12, 1818; age 80. 
Tunison, Garret, surgeon, X. Y. Line, Apr. 5, 1818; age 74. 
Van Allen, Derrick, private N. J. Line, Aug. 1, 1818; age 79. 
Van Natter, John, private Va. Line, Apr. 7, 1818; age 77. 
Van Sickle, Abraham, private Va. Line, Jan. 18, 1819; age 74. Died 

Feb. 26, 1831. 
Vorhies, Abraham, private N. J. Line, Mar. 5, 1819; age 79. 
Vorhies, Albert, private N. J. Line. Mar. 31, 1818; age 83. 
Vredenburgh, John, private N. J. Line, Apr. 14, 1818; age 72. 
Welch, Peter, Lieut, Mass. Line, July 28, 1818; age 83. Died Aug. 22. 

183 1. 
Wilkinson, Samuel, private N. J. Line, Feb. 6, 1819; age 76. 
Willson, James, private N. J. Line, Apr. 5, 1818; age 76. Died Aug. 5, 

1828. 
Willson, John, private N. L Line, Apr. 10, 1818; age =53. Died Aug. 7, 

1818. 

On Pension Roee Under Act of June 7, 1832 

Angleman, Jacob, private militia, May 20, 1833; age 76. 

Annin, Joseph, private Continental Line, Feb. 13, 1833; age 81. 

Annin, Samuel, private and Lieut., Continental Line, Feb. 28, 1833 I a S e 

81. 
Austin, John A., private militia, May 20, 1833 ; age 74. 
Baird, John, Captain militia, Aug. 24, 1833 ; age 79. 
Bellos, Adam, private militia, Dec. 7, 1833; a & e ^ 2 - 
Bennett, Abraham, sergeant militia, June 6, 1833 : age 87. 

Breese, Garret, private militia, Dec. 20, 1833 ; age . 

Brokaw, Isaac, private State troops, July 25, 1833; age 76. 

Brokaw, Jasper, private and ensign militia, May 3, 1834; age . 

Died Oct. 29, 1833. 
Brokaw, Richard, private militia, Feb. 2S, 1833 ; age 76. 
Canington, Jacob, "pri. of art.," militia, Feb. 28, 1833; age 75. 
Clarkson, Randolph, private Continental Line, June 6, 1833; age 75. 

Died Mar. 13, 1833. 
Coon, Jeremiah, private and musician militia, Mar. 26. 1833; age 7^. 
Corrington, PJenjamin, private militia, Feb. 28, 1833; age 77. 
Covert, Burgun, private Continental Line, July 20, 1819; age 81. Died 

Mar. 18, 1818. 
Craig, Frazee, private militia, Oct. 14. 1833; age 71. 
Crow, Jeremiah, private Continental Line. June 24, 1833; age 75. 
Dean, John, private militia, Aug. 10. 1833; age S7. 
De Groat, Jacob, Captain and private militia. Aug. 17. 1833; age 85. 
Dunn, Isaac, private militia, Aug. 17, 1833; age 7^. 
Field, Hendrick, private militia, Aug. 17. 1833; a £ e s 4- 
Fourt, Henry, private militia, Aug. 17, 1833; age 78. 



48 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Fulkerson, Henry, private militia, Dec. 6, 1833 ; age 75. 

Garretson, Richard, private militia, Aug. 17/1833; age j6. 

Gosling, Samuel, private militia, Aug. 10, 1833 ; age 80. 

Green, William, private militia, Aug. 17, 1833; a & e 7 2 - 

Hageman, Aaron, sergeant and private militia, Aug. 17, 1833; age 84. 

Hageman, John, private militia, July 11, 1833; age 74. 
"■ ■ Hageman, Joseph, musician militia, Nov. 13, 1833; age 73. 

Hoagland, Richard, private and sergeant militia, June 13, 1833; age 72. 

Hoagland, Tunis, private of dragoons, militia, Jan. 18, 1834; age 85. 

Horten, Jason, private militia, Feb. 14, 1833; age 76. 

Huff, Isaac, private militia, Aug. 17, 1833; a £ c §4. 

Hunt, Varnell, private militia, Feb. 15, 1833; age 74. 

Lane, Abraham, sergeant militia, June 25, 1834; age 85. 

Liddle, Robert, sergeant Cont. Line, Jan. 19, 1833; age 80. 

Lowe, Cornelius D., private militia, Dec. 7, 1833 ; age yj. 
XManning, Isaac, private militia, June 7, 1834; age 76. 
^ Messer, Simon, sergeant militia, Oct. 5, 1833: age 78. 

Montford, Peter, private N. Y. Cont. Line, June 18, 1833; age 74. 
•—Moore, Benjamin, private militia, June 8, 1833; age 80. 

Moore, James, Captain militia. Jan. 8, 1834 ; age 82. Died Nov. 30, 1832 

Moore, Joseph, private militia, May 22, 1833 ; age 83. 

Morford, Stephen, private militia, Feb. 15. 1834: age j6. 

Morris, Dennis, private militia, June 28, 1834; age 84. 

Nestor, Michael, private Cont. Line, June 18, 1833; age 75. 

Ninemaster, Michael, private militia, Aug. 17, 1833; age 74. 

Norris, Zibi, priv. and sergeant Cont. Line, Feb. 2, 1833 ; age 72. 

Pennington, John, private militia, Feb. 19, 1833; age 73. 

Perrine, James D., private militia, Aug. 17, 1833; age 80. 

Pope, Samuel, private State troops, Feb. 28, 1833 : age J2. 

Probasco, Gerrit, private militia, May 3, 1834: age 89. 

Quack (Quick), Peter, private militia, May 27, 1834; age j6. 

Randolph, Daniel F., private militia, June 18, 1833; a g e 74- 

"Schenck, Henry H., Capt. of Cavalry, Feb. 14. 1833 i a £e 74- 

Sims, Cuthbert, private militia. Jan. 21, 1833; age yj. 

Skillman, Abraham, private militia, May 20. 1833 \ a g c 75- 
-Smith, Jacob, private militia, Aug. 22, 1833 ! a £ e 77- 

Smith, William, private militia, June 20, 1833; age J2. 

Southard, Henry, wagon master, militia, Jan. 19, 1833 ; age Sy. 

Steele, John, private militia, Dec. 10, 1833. 

Striker, John D., private militia, Feb. 28. 1833; age 76. 

Stryker, Isaac, private militia, Aug. 17. 1833: age 84. 

Sutphin, Peter, private militia, May 20, 1S33 ; age 74. 

Sutton, Uriah, Lieut., etc., militia, July 14. 1S33 ; age 94. 

Stiydam, Hendrick, private and corpo., Cont. Line, Aug. 17. 1833 : a g* 82, 

Tallmage, Thomas, priv. and serg., Cont. Line. Feb. 19, 1833; age 70. 

Taylor, Willett, private militia. Mar. 8. 1833: aire 74. 

Thompson. Jabez, private militia, June 24. 1833: age 76. 

Todd, William, private Cont. Line, Jan. 10. 1833; age 74. 

Tothune, Abraham, private N. Y. Cont. Lino, Dec. 7. 1833 : age 74- 

Vail, Henry, priv. and ensign militia, Jan. 15. 1833; age 8^>. Died Nov. 

I3> *%3 2 ' 



Various Burying-Ground Inscriptions: Lane; Van Derveer 



49 



Van Arsdalen, Christopher, private militia, Feb. 19, 1833 ; age 74. 

Van Arsdalen, Mindart, drummer militia, Aug. 17, 1833; age°74. 

Van Derveer, John, private militia, Feb. 20, 183,1 ;' age 81. 

Van Doreri, Burgun, private militia, Feb. 19, 1833; a ge 75- 

Van Dorn, Cornelius, private militia, Dec. 6, 1833 ; age 87. 

Van Dyke, Cornelius, priv. and serg. militia, Feb.' 28, 1833; ag« 75. 

Van Fine, Rynear, Private militia, May 10, 1834; age 73. Died Aug 

15, 1832. 
Van Lilburgh, William, private militia, Mar. 8, 1833; age 74. 
Van Nest, Abraham, Captain militia, Aug. 28, 1833; age 84. Died Nov 

18, 1833. 
Van Orden, Daniel, private militia, Sept. 5, 1833 ; age 79. 
Van Zandt, John, private militia, Nov. 13, 1833 J a o e 7 2 - 
Van Zandt, John, private militia, Dec. 6, 1833 i a g e 83. 
Veght (Veghte), Henry, private militia, Aug. 17, 1833; age 88. 
Veghte, Rynier, Lieut, and corpo. militia, Feb. 1, 1834; age 80. Died 

Feb. 27, 1833. 
Vliet, David, private militia, Oct. 29, 1833 5 a & e 86- 
Voorhees, Abraham, sergeant milttla, Dec. 6, 1833; age 92. 
Voorhees, Isaac, serg. and corp. militia, May 20, 1833 ; age 79. 
Voorhees, Paul, priv. Cont Line, Feb. 2, 1833 ; age 74. 
Voorhees, Peter, private militia, May 29, 1834 ; age yS. 
Vosseller, Luke, private militia, Aug. 17, 1833 ; age yy. 
Vroom, Hendrick P., priv. and serg. militia, May 20, 1833 ; age yy. 
Whitaker, Nathaniel, priv. and serg. militia, May 24, 1834 ; age 75. 
Whitenack, Abraham, private militia, Dec. 7. 1833; age yy. 
Wilson, Mindart, private militia, Feb. 2, 1833. 
Wilson, William, priv., etc., infantry militia, Feb. 1, 1834; age 81. 
WyckofT, John, private militia, May 20, 1833 ; age 87. 
WyckofT, John, private militia, May 27, 1834; age 79. 
WyckofT, John B., private militia, Feb. 19, 1833; age 75. 
WyckofT, John C, sergeant militia, Aug. 17, 1833; age 75. 



VARIOUS BTOYING-GIIOIJNI) INSCRIPTIONS 

gathered by the editor of the quarterly 

Lane Burying Ground 

Located on the Milltown road, running directly south from North. 
Branch church, on farm owned during the Revolution by William Lane ; 
now owned by Mr. Chauncey Brokaw. The ground is uninclosed, except 
by poor wire fence. 

Hoagland, Frances (dau. of William and Sarah), d. Apr. 26, 1823, aged 

1 yr., 5 mos., 6 dys. 
Hoagland, Sarah Vroom (widow of William), b. Feb. 7, 1703; cl. June 

7, i877- 

Lane, Elizabeth, d. July 21, 1854, aged 86 yrs., 8 mos., 20 dys. 
Lane, Gilbert, d. Sept. 9, 1825. aged Oy yrs., 10 mos. 
4 



50 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Lane, Jannaty Rappalyea (wife of William), d. Feb. 7, 1777, aged 46 yrs., 

3 mos. 
Lane, Rebecca Bertrann (widow of Gilbert), 7L. Mar. 4, 1855, aged 88 

yrs., 4 mos., 8 dys. 
Lane, Tunis, d. July 26, 1834, aged 71 yrs., 19 dys. 
Lane, William, d. Oct. 14, 1797, aged 70 yrs. 
Staats, Elizabeth Brokaw (wife of James), d. June II, 1856, aged 71 

yrs., 22 days. 
Staats, James, d. Aug. 20, 1866, aged 86 yrs., 8 dys. 
Staats, John (son of James and Elizabeth), d. Sept. 20, 1813, .aged 3 

yrs., 4 mos., 3 dys. 
Vroom, Elizabeth (dau. of Henry and Sarah), d. Jan. 13, 1810, aged 

24 yrs., 5 mos., 7 dys. 
Vroom, Hendrick P., d. Aug. 7, 1845, m 89th yr, 
Vroom, Jacob, d. July 9, 1834, aged 44 yrs., 8 mos., 4 dys. 
Vroom, Peter H., d. Oct. 11, 1846, aged 64 yrs., 2 mos., 21 dys. 
Vroom, Sarah (wife of Hendrick P.), d. Oct. 31, 1841, aged 81 yrs. 
Vroom, William, d. Oct. 18, 1849., ^ n 65th vr - 
Vroom, William, d. May 20, 1856, aged 59 yrs. 
Wortman, Elizabeth Staats (dau. of Peter and Gertrude), d. Mar. 19, 

1832, aged 3 yrs., 1 mo., 28 dys. 
Wortman, Gertrude Staats (wife of Peter), d. Oct 21, 1834, aged 29 yrs., 

1 mo., 28 dys. 
Wortman, James Staats (son of Peter and Gertrude), d. June 2, 1827, 

aged 1 yr., 7 mos., 2 dys. 
Wortman, James Wendover (son of Peter and Eliza), d. Apr. 15, 1852. 

aged 8 yrs., 4 mos., 12 dys. 
Wortman, John Wendover (son of Peter and Elizabeth), d. Apr. 3, 1842, 

aged 1 yr., 2 mos. 
Wortman, Mary L. Van Pelt (wife of Peter P.), [Dates, etc., covered 

over] . 
Wortman, Rebecca Billis (wife of Peter P.), d. Apr. 7, 1850, aged 2S 

yrs., 4 mos., 14 dys. 
Wortman, Richard Ten Eyck (son of Peter and Gertrude), d. Mar. 8, 

1828, aged 1 yr., 23 dys. ' 

Van Derveer Burying-Growd 

Located on Milltown road, running directly south from North Branch, 
on farm formerly of Michael Van Derveer, and near the bank of the Rar- 
itan river. 

Vanderveer, Ann, d. Oct. 12, 1841, aged 66 yrs./'n mos. 

Van Derveer, Andrew T. E. (son of M. and Ann Maria), d. July 21. 

1837, in 2nd yr. 
Van Derveer, Cornelia Van Noriwick (wife oi Michael), d. July 16, 

1806, aged 53 yrs., 7 mos., 8 dys. 
Vanderveer, Cornelius, d. Apr. 15, 1847, a £ ed 7& > TS -< 6mcs.. 15 dys. 
Vanderveer, Cornelius, b. Mar. 29, 1S29; d. July 27. 1895. 
Vanderveer, Ellen E. Anderson (wife of Michael), b. Jan. 2;. [822; d. 

July 13, 1897. 



Somerset County Marriages — 1 795-18 /g 51 

Van Derveer, Ellen E., b. June 6, 1853; d. Apr. 14, 1910. 
Van Derveer, Michael, d. Aug. 10, 1792, in — yr. [Age undecipherable]. 
Van Derveer, Michael, d. May 3. 1866, aged 66 yrs., 4 mos., 10 d 
Vanderveer, Rebeckah (dau. of Cornelius and Ann), d. Apr. 18, l8ll, 
aged 16 yrs., 16 dys. 

%&* X^9 %&* ^* 

SOMEKSET COUNTY MARRIAGES— 1795-1879 

[Continued from Vol. IV, Page 311] 

Recorded in Clerk's Office— Letter H Concluded 

Hoagland, Dennis and Ann Eliza Hewell, Dec. 14, 1842 (Zabriskie). 
Hoagland, Edward Bunn and Ann Smith, Apr. 25, 1807 (Studdiford). 
Hoagland, Edward B. and Jane Elizabeth Hall, Jan. 31, 1872 (Ludlow). 
Hoagland, Elias and Mariah Herder, Feb. 10, 1836 (Ludlow). 
Hoagland, Elisha IT. and Ann V. Hixon, Nov. 17, 1863 (Ludlow). 
Hoagland, Gideon and Amanda Dilts, Oct. 23, 1869 (Gardner). 
Hoagland, Harmon and Hannah P. Sanders, Feb. 20, 1864 (Ludlow). 
Hoagland, Harmon H. and Jane E. Stryker, Dec. 10. 1845 (Ludlow). 
Hoagland, Hendrick and Mary Powelson, May 24, 1801 ( Yredenburgh). 
Hoagland, Henry and Phebe Williamson, Nov. 30, 1826 (Zabriskie). 
Hoagland, Henry H. and Lizzie Stryker. Apr. 6, 1870 (Lefevre). 
Hoagland, Henry H. and Elizabeth H. Stryker. Apr. 13, 1870 (Ludlow). 
Hoagland, Henry P. and Phebe Ellen Quick, Nov. 15, 1871 (Lefevre). 
Hoagland, Henry V. and Abigail Tunison, May 19, 1858 (Messier). 
Hoagland, Herman J. and Phebe B. Peterson, Nov. 16, 1865 (Pitcher). 
Hoagland, Hurmans and Helena Stryker, Aug. 2^, 1804 (Studdiford*. 
Hoagland, Isaac and Catharine Jane Van Nuys, Jan 29. 1840 (Zabriskie). 
Hoagland, Isaac C. and Mary F. Post, Feb. 25, 1874 (Oliver). 
Hoagland, Isaac N. and Adaline Culver. June 15. 1871 (Mann). 
Hoagland, Isaac V. and Martha McColm, Sept. 6, 1828 (Labagh). 
Hoagland, Jacob and Mary Jane Maxwell, June 10. 1843 (Pond). 
Hoagland, Jacob and Hannah M. Peterson, May 20, 1854 (Ludlow). 
Hoagland, Jacob C. and Ida Hudnut. Oct. 13, 1877 (Doolittle). 
Hoagland, John and Phebe Simonson, Dec. 29, 1S03 (Yredenburgh). 
Hoagland, John and Maria Fisher, Apr. 11, 1816 (Boggs). 
Hoagland, John and Jane Voorhees. Feb. 2, 1820 (Labagh). 
Hoagland, John and Mary Lattourette, June 30. 1821 (Labagh). 
Hoagland, John and Ann Powelson, Jan. 16, 1840 (Zabriskie). 
Hoagland, John and Mary Paulison, Dec. 29, 1840 (Zabriskie). 
Hoagland, John and Catharine Van Arsdale, Nov. 17, 1842 (Messier). 
Hoagland, John and Harriet Kershaw. Feb. 4, 1846 (Ludlow). 
Hoagland, John and Sarah Dilts. Sept. 17. 1853 (Ludlow). 
Hoagland, John A. and Catharine Miner, Xov. 14, 1830 (Ludlow). 
Floagland, John B. and Mary Hoagland, Jan. 27. 1838 (Ludlow). 
Hoagland, John H. and Annet Hoagland. May 22. 1841 (Ludlow). 
Hoagland, John M. and Martha M. Rowland, Xov. 2.\. 1840 (Ludlow). 
Hoagland, John V. D. and Magdalen Garretson, Scot. JO, i8;> 1 Zabris- 
kie). 



52 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Hoagland, Joseph and Ellen Staats, Oct. 29, 1837 (Ludlow). 

Hoagland, Lucas H. and Adaline Flagg, May 26, 1841 (Ludlow). 

Hoagland, Martin and Rachel Stryker, June 16, 1807 (Studdiford). 

Hoagland, Martin and Ann Quick, Feb. 20, 1823 (Labagh). 

Hoagland, Nathaniel and Rachel Staats, Feb. 22, 185 1 (Ludlow). 

Hoagland, Nicholas and Alletta Boyer, Nov. 12, 1831 (Wilson). 

Hoagland, Peter and Ann Manila Cadmus, Jan. 26, 1853 (Bond). 

Hoagland, Peter and Christiana Stryker, Dec. 2, 1831 (Labagh). 

Hoagland, Peter and Isabella Watts, July 4, 1828 (Cox). 

Hoagland, Peter Q. and Rachel Ann Con, Dec. 14. 185 1 (Ludlow). 

Hoagland, Peter S. and Jane Ellen Cornell, Nov. 12, 1848 (Zabriskie). 

Hoagland, Peter S. and Emiline Van Dyke, Oct. 19, 1855 (Gardner). 

Hoagland, Richard and Amy Stout, Mar. 7, 1810 (Studdiford). 

Hoagland, Richard W. and Annie H. Van Benthaysen, Nov. 30, 187 1 
(Ludlow). 

Hoagland, Stephen and Phebe Polhemus, Oct. 15, 1836 (Shultz). 

Hoagland, Stephen T. and Mary Jane Pierce, Dec. 19, 1866 (Mesick). 

Hoagland, Tobias and Rebecca Van Fleet. Jan. 22, 181 2 (Vredenburgh). 

Hoagland, Uriah and Nina K. Volk, Sept. 24, 1872 (Doolittle). 

Hoagland, William and Catharine Smith, Aug. 27, 1805 (Vredenburgh). 

Hoagland, William and Sarah Vroom, Feb. 7, 181 1 (Vredenburgh). 

Hoagland, William and Jane Arrowsmith, June 30. 1814 { Hardenbergh). 

Hoagland, William and Sarah Beekman, Oct. 31, 1841 (Chambers). 

Hoagland, William and Joama M. Dumont, Nov. 18, 1857 (Doolittle). 

Hoagland. William G. and Wesula Whitenack, Feb. 11, 1832 (Dumont). 

Hoagland, W r m. N. and Sarah C. Young, Oct. 5. 1870 (Ludlow). 

Hoagland, William W. and Susan A. Smith. Oct. 8, 1870 (Gardiner). 

Hodell, Joseph and Mary Ann Bomber, Apr. 4, 1856 (Mathis). 

Hodge, Alexander P. and Magdaline D. F. Van Nest, Dec. 16. 1857 
(Messier). 

Hodge, Goyn T. and Sally Ann Martin, Apr. 13, 1853 (RodgersV 

Hodge, Peter and Mariah Talmage, Nov. 3. 1825 (Boggs). 

Hodge, Theodore R. and Almira Codington, June 10. 1S63 (Rodgers). 

Hodge, William and Joanna Parsell. Apr. 15. 1863 (Rodgers). 

Hodge, William and Mary Tuni<on, Sept. 17, 1825 (Boggs). 

Hoff, Dennis and Elizabeth Perine, Sept. 8, 1796 (Studdiford). 

HofT, Elijah M. and Caroline Saxten. Jan. 5. 1856 (Carrell). 

HofT, Henrv and Eliza Cooper, Tune 18. 1808 (Rodgers). 

HofT, William and Catharine Pope. Oct. 10. 1858 1 Drake). 

Hoffman. Augustus and Sarah lane Rodgers (Col.), Tan. 1. 1S71 (Mes- 
ick). 

Hoffman, Creveling and Maggie Kiple. (Pitcher). 

Hoffman, John and Sarah Sebrins, Jan. 7. 1865 (Rodgers). 

Hoffman, Joseph and Mary Ann Smith,. Feb. 6, 1867 1 Thomson V 

Hoffman, Leonard B. and Almira Sebring, Sept. 13. 1S56 ^ Rodgers). 

Hoffman, Theodore R. and Cornelia S. Sloan. Oct 28, 1868 little). 

Hoffman, William W. and Annie M. Ditmars, Oct. 11. 1865 1 Mesick V 

Hogan, George W. and Elizabeth Long. Oct 1. [868 ( Mesick V 

Hoh, Zacheus and Mary Kahler. Nov. 14, 1868 (Mesick). 

Hoit, James M. and Mary Nesbitt, May 12. 1813 (Vredenburgh). 



Somerset County Marriages — 1795-1879 53 

Holburgh, Henry C. and Fanny Campbell, Feb. 7, 1866 (Boswell). 
Holcombe, George H. and Louisa Robbins, Dec. 20, 1853 (Ludlow). 
Holcombe, Horace and Martha R. Schenck, Nov. 12, 1857 (Carrell). 
Holcomb, John W. and Kate Merrell,, Mar. 10, 1875 (Oliver). 
Holcombe, John Wesley and Mary F. Garretson, Nov. 12, 1874 (Mc- 

William). 
Holden, Levi and Katy Woodhull, Apr. 16, 181 7 (Hardenbergh). 
Holder, John E. and Annie Kershaw, June II, 1868 (Ludlow). 
Holland, James M. and Fanny Jackson, July 3, 1864 (Carmichael). 
Holland, William A. and Rebecca W. Howell, Sept. 10, 185 1 (Nice). 
Hollenbrick, Louis D. and Susan Lister, Feb. 12, 1856 (Gardner). 
Hollingshead, David and Sarah Ann Skillman, Nov. 28. 1858 (Romeyn). 
Hollingshead, John and Ann Fliggins, Sept. 17, 1797 (Snowden). 
Hollingshead, John R. and Phebe O. Bishop, Feb. 16, 1864 (Romeyn). 
Holmes, John and Julia Ann Allen, Oct. 28, i860 (Cornell). 
Holmes, Lowes H. and Amelia H. Vosseller, Oct. 7, 1874 (Messier). 
Holmes, Thomas and Dinah Morris, Aug. 30, 1835 (Cox). 
Homan, Joel and Catharine Flail, Oct. 8, 1818 (Brownlee). 
Homans, Joseph and Jane V. Herder, Feb. 15, 1855 (Messier). 
Honeyman, A. V. D. and Julia E. Reger, Aug. 3, 1875 (Mesick). 
Honeyman, Augustus and Sarah Maria Smith, Aug. 22, 1863 (Doolitile). 
Honeyman, Charles B. and Amanda M. Gildersleeve, July 2^, 1872 

(Messier). 
Honeyman, Cornelius L. and Mary W. Dow, Dec. 20, 1862 (Brush). 
Honeyman, James and Susan Allen, Feb. 26, 1825 (Galpin). 
Honeyman, Morris C. and Rozetta Lane, Oct. 12, 1867 (Le Fevre). 
Honeyman, Peter and Eliza Allen, Nov. 17, 1832 (Blauvelt). 
Honeyman, Robert and Mary Ann Lane, Jan. — , 1828 (Blauvelt). 
Honeyman, Thomas I. and Georgiana Major, Feb. 2S. 1S77 (Clark). 
Honeyman, William and Jane Lozier, Jan. 4, 1823 (Fisher). 
Honeyman, William D. and Catharine Vliet, Oct. 12, 1849 (Blauvelt). 
Hoofman, David and Catharine WyckofT, Mar. 24, 1799 (Studdiford). 
Hooper, J. and A. C. Bullard, Sept. 2, 1862 (Callen). 
Hoover, Thomas and Rachel Beam, Jan. 1820 (Arrowsmith). 
Hope, Hiram and Maria PI. Drost, July 4, 1853 (Ludlow). 
Hopkins, Charles and Jane Louisa Francis, Nov. 28. 1857 (Van Doren). 
Hopper, Amos and Kate Thompson, June 3, 1872 (Thompson). 
Hoppuck, Elias and Ann Van Arsdalen, Sept. 22. 1838 (Ludlow). 
Horner, Wesley and Margaret W. Stevens. Sept. 10. 1863 (Ludlow). 
Horton, Charles H. and Sarah Rebecca Waldron. May 26, 1S70 (Rod- 

gers). 
Houghton, Floward C. and Kate A. Doolittle, Jan. 30. 1869 (Doolittle). 
Houghton, John and Eliza Ann McCowen, Feb. 14. 1829 (Labagh). 
House, Abraham W. and Elizabeth Van Nest, Oct. 2^, 1847 (Messier). 
Housel, Charles H. and Sarah E. Dunham. Mar. 11, 1874 (Pitcher). 
Housel, Peter G. and Susan Ann Blue, Feb. 28, 1846 (Ludlow V 
Houston, Charles A. and Salome Wack, Sept. iS. 1867 (Messier). 
Howard, James Edward (col'd) and Cornelia Staats, Dec. 24. 1S74 

(Mesick). 



54 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Howe, Osmond C. and Elizabeth Annie Jones, Sept. 15, 1858 (Van 

Doren). 
Howard, Winfield S. and Sarah A. Smith, Oct. II, 1876 (Doolittle). 
Howell, Abraham P. and Catharine Sutton, Mar. 13. 1819 (Brownlee). 
Howell, Andrew and Maria M. Hardenburg, Jan. 5, 1797 (Barclay). 
Howell, David, Jr., and Nancy McCord, Mar. 15, 1S10 (Finley). 
Howell, Elias and Edith Storer, [an. 6, 1813 (Furguson). 
Howell, Elias W. and Martha Wilson, Apr. 8, 1874 (Pool). 
Howell, James and Lydia Van Doren, June I, 181 1 (Bent). 
Howell, John and Elizabeth Van Veghten, Nov 8, 1845 (Messier). 
Howell, Louis T. and Sohunnick Wyckoff, Dec. 21, 1846 (Zabriskie). 
Hubbard, John and Mary Ellen Stryker, Nov. 1, 1843 (Talmage). 
Hubbard, William and Rachel Wood, Feb. 20, 1868 (LeFevre). 
Hudley, Andrew and Rhoda Shepherd, June 23, 1814 (McDowell). 
Hudnut, Alexander and Sarah Davis, May 28, 1829 (Labagh). 
Huet, Elijah and Frances Ann Opdycke, July 2, 1856 (Nice). 
Huff, Abraham and Margaret Melick, Nov. 27, 1830 (Fisher). 
Huff, Abraham I. and Ann De Hart, Feb. 14, 1828 (Boggs). 
Huff, Abraham P. and Elizabeth Correy, Oct. 31, 1849 (Gardner). 
Huff, Abraham T. and Phebe H. Ludlow, Nov. 3, 1857 (Ludlow). 
Huff, Bergen and Margaret Vandervoort, May I, 1823 ( Vandervoort). 
Huff, Bergen B. and Sarah J. Smith, Dec. 10", 1863 (Belles). 
Huff, Brogun and Elizabeth Comeback, Oct. 3, 1818 ( Vredenburgh). 
Huff, Brogun A. and Jane Eliza Gorden, Oct. 19, 1830 (Ludlow). 
Huff, Cornelius and Annie R. Young, Apr. 17, 1869 (LeFevre). 
Huff, David and Abby Reading, June 4, 1S43 (Messier). 
Huff, David and Harriet Hoagland, Feb. 13, 1836 (Ludlow). 
Huff, David L. and Henrietta Van Arsdalc, Jan. 6, 1864 (Brush). 
Huff, Elijah B. and Eletta Ann Spader. Dec. 9. 1S64 (Romeyn). 
Huff, Elijah G. and Mariah Van Liew, Sept. 27, 1845 (Ludlow). 
Huff, Elijah P. and Patty Ann Hall, Mar. 28, 1829 (Ludlow). 
Huff, George E. and .Mary Cruser. Nov. 22, 1855 (Gardner). 
Huff, George P. and Ann Milbourne, Jan. 20, 1859 (Ludlow). 
Huff, Henry and Mary Ann Taylor, Nov. 29, i860 (Messier). 
Huff, Isaac and Adaline D. Ten Eyck, Apr. 20, 1S59 (Gardner). 
Huff, Isaac and Mariah Doty, Feb. 12, 1824 (Fisher). 
Huff, Isaac B. and Leah Wan Camp. Oct. 8, 1842 (Ludlow). 
Huff, Tacob andLCharity Sutphen, May 21, 1812 (Stout). 
Huff, Jacob C. and Hannah E. Van Porn, Dec. 23. 1874 (Mesick). 
Huff, John and Lucy Voorhees, Mar. 31. 1811 (Labagh). 
Huff, John B. and Mary C. Conover, Mar. 2. 1870 (Gardner). 
Huff, John W. and Ellen Ann Covert. Dec. 5. [861 (Cole). 
Fluff, Nicholas E. and fane Fluff, Oct. 15, 1831 (Fisher). 
Huff, Paul V. and Louise Camtnann. Nov. 21. 1850 (Craven). 
Huff, Peter and Anna M. Hoagland. Jan. 6, 1856 (Ludlow). 
Huff, Peter and Mariah Stryker. May 24. 1817 (Labagh). 
Fluff. Peter I. and Sarah Pittenger, Jan. iu. 1839 (Ludlow). 
Huff, Tunis and Mariah Quick. Dtc. 22, 1825 (Ludlow). 
Huff, William and Aletta "Maria Voorhees, Feb. 15. 1838 (Messier). 
Fluff, William and Helena Voorhees, Apr. 12. 1S71 (Pitcher), 
Huff, William H. and Mary H. Van Derripe, Sept. 9. 1868 (Ludlow), 



Somerset County Marriages — ijg^-iSj^ 55 

Huffman, Eli P. and Mary Mundy, July 4, 1863 (Rankin), 
Huffman, Henry J. and Catharine Crater, Aug. 18, 1853 (Craven). 
Huffman, Philip Jacob and Christiana Caroline Schmerzen, Apr. 10, 1859 

(Messier). 
Hughes, Joseph P. and Emiline Ogburn, Mar. 26, 1857 (Romeyn). 
Hughes, Josephus and Carrie V. D. Britton, Oct. 14, 1862 (Callen). 
Hughes, Moses J. and Sarah A. Sniftin, Dec. 24, 1859 (Campfield). 
Hull, Jacob K. and Mary Elizabeth Smith, May 24, 1855 (Messier). 
Hulbert, John Junius and Phebe Remsen, May 17, 1838 (Sears). 
Hulce, William and Elizabeth W. Hoagland, Sept. 2, 1841 (Ludlow) 
Hulick, Jeremiah S. and Arvilla Burroughs, Nov. 15, 1865 (Gardner). 
>* Hulick, John V. and Anna 'Manning, Feb. 5, 1857 (Bond). -^ 
Hulick, Reuben H. and Sarah Nevius, Jan. 1, 1846 (Zabriskie). 
Hullfish, William W. and Maria L. Young, June 25, 1846 (Gardner). 
Hulsizer, John W. and Julia D. Bergen, Mar. 25, 1868 (Crane). 
Humble, James, Jr., and Hannah Waldron, June 29, 1861 (Rodgers). 
Hummer, Adam and Kate Pierce, Nov. 11, 1873 (McWilHams). 
Hummer, Henry G. and Eliza Jane Vreeland, Dec. 24, 1859 (Van Doren). 
Hummer, John and Mary Stryker, Jan. 31, 1808 (Stryker). 
Hummer, Josias M. and Lydia Alpaugh, Mar. 16, 1870 (Griffith). 
Hummer, Peter and Ellen Lane, Dec. 16, 181 5 (Hardenbergh). 
Hunfleld, Jacob M. and Sally Lutz, Sept. 12, 1840 (Blauvelt). 
Hunt, Dr. Alexander and Eliza Auten, May 5, 1818 (Boggs). 
Hunt, Elias Scudder and Margaret F. Hunt,~Sept. 23, 1827 (Zabriskie). 
Hunt, Elias A. and Mary Stryker, Jan. 20, 1869 (Doolittle). 
Hunt, John W. and Lucy Van Doren, Jan. 21. 1855 (Ludlow). 
Hunt, Oliver B. and Margaret D. Whitenack, Sept. 12, 1854 (Craven). 
Hunt, Robert R. and Catharine Skillman, May 23, 1855 (Romeyn). 
Hunt, Stephen Hedges and Mary Van Dyke, Oct. 23, 1854 (Blauvelt). 
Hunt, Stephen R. and Gertrude' Williamson. Mav 17, 1826 (Boggs). 
Hunt, Westley P. and Elizabeth Gulick, Mar. 8, 1824 (Shultz). 
Hunter, James and Abigal Taynor, Aug. 5, 1815 (Miller). 
Hunter, James and Cordelia Harmer, Apr. 25. 1854 (English). 
•Hunter, John and Hannah Hunter, Feb. 8, 1862 (Cornell). 

Hunter, John J. and Lilian J. Cummings, (Pitcher). 

Hunter, William and Ellen "Hunter. Dec. 20, 1843 (Campbell). 
Huntingdon, Rev. Jonathan and Rebecca Hamilton, May 8, 1833 (Alex- 
ander). 
Hurd, Griffin and Phebe Lewis, Feb. 17, 1809 (Hardenbergh). 
Hurder, Rynear and Man- Ann Smith, Aug. 3, 1869 (Gardner). 
Hurse, Jacob and Sarah "Sciple, Dec. 6, 1S27 (Van Kleek ). 
Ilutchings, Israel H. and Mary L. Duyckinck. July 18, 1S3Q (Birch). 
Hutchings, James and Sarah F. Brown. Apr. 29. 1840 (Birch). 
Hutchins, Abraham and Harriet Bishop. June 20. 1S29 (Cox). 
Hutchinson, Henry Willard and Ida Birdsall, Nov. 13. 1872 (Mestck). 
Hutchinson, John and Elizabeth Van Dine, [ulv 15. 1798 (SnowdenV 
Hutchinson, Toseph M. and Rosetta J. Nulman. Feb. 2. 1870 ( Doolittle V 
Hutchinson, William and Martha Patterson, Jan. 3. 1822 (Labagh). 
Hutter, Frank and Sarah lane Harwood. June 20. 1872 (LeFevre). 
Hyatt, Charles L. and Kittie W. Rodgers, Sept. 1, 1870 (LeFevre). 



56 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Hyde, Hiram and Leah Amanda Howell, Oct. 9, 1856 (Nice). 
Hyler, John, Jr., and Catharine A. Egbert, Mar. 14, 1861 (Doolittie). 
Hylyn, Simon and Jane Berger, Sept. 22, 1804 (Studdiford). 

.[To be Continued] 

* J* J* 4 

READINGTON CHURCH BAPTISMS FROM 1720 

TRANSLATED BY THE PASTOR, REV. B. V. D. WVCKOFF 
[Continued from Vol. IV, Page 309] 

["New style is begun the 3rd day of Sept., 1752. In place of the 
3rd of Sept., we reckon the 14th"]. 

1752. 

Oct. 1. Emans, Abraham and Margrietje Schenk — Xicholaes. 
Oct. 22. Van Sichelen, Abraham and Antje Vos — Wilhelmus. 

Wykhof, Pieter and Elizabeth — Wiliemtje. 

Van der Veer, Jacobus and Femmetje Stryker — Jannetje. 

Bouwman, Thomas and Rachel — Jan. 

Bogaert, Martin and Maria Cock — Maria. 

Ten Eyk, Tobias and Antje Van Hoorn — Abraham. 

Stol, Jan and Jenneke Ten Eyk — Annaetje. 

Hoogland, Elbert and Gulick — Eva. 

Nov. 12. Wykhof, Samuel and Geertje — Maria. 

Wykhof, Cornelius and Elizabeth — Annaetje. 
(m. George Anderson). 

Van der Beek, Jaques and Marytje Ten Eyk — Adriaentje. 
Witness: Adriaentje Ten Eyk. 
Dec. 18. Hogeboom, Pieter and Neeltje — Dirck. 

Schenk, Gerrit and Marytje Van Sichele — Roelof. 

1753- 
Jan. — . Jansen, Andries and Neeltje — Elizabeth. 
Jan. 2S. Van Sichelen, Arie and Maria Laan — Maria. 

Lou, Dirck and Rebecca Emans — Teuntje. 

Krom, Gysbert and Metje — Abraham. 

Kaelsche, Matthys and Albertina Wagenaer — Jannetje. 
Witness : Jannetje Hoes. 

Van Wagenen, Gerrit and Catherientje Ten Eyk — KoenracL 
Feb. 18. De Mott, Michiel and Femmetje — Saertje. 
Mar. 11. Bouman, Cornelius and Marytje — Cornelius. 

Kool, Benjamin and Geertje — Saertje. 
Apr. 1. Krom, Abraham and Aeltje — Wcintje. 

Witnesses : Cornelius Kron and Rebecca. 

Van Sichelen. Abraham and Saertje — Rachel. 

De Mott, Johannis and Elizabeth Davids— Elizabeth. 

Kool, Jan and Marytje Lou — Jan. 

Witnesses: David Kool and Metje Lou. 
Apr. 22. Aten, Dirck and Adriaentje Langestraat — Adriaen. 

Monfoort, Jan and Kniertje — Lourens, 

Bogaert. Isaac and Neeltje — Elizabeth. 



Readington Church Baptisms from ijzo 57 

Apr. 23. Roes, Johannes and Mercy—Mercy. 

Baem, Hendrick and Cornelia Engel — Hcndrick. 

Engel, Nicholaes and Marytje — Nicholaes. 
June. 3. Brouwer, Mattheus and Elizabeth— Maria. 

Van Vliedt, William and Marytje Aten— Judick. 
July 3. Van den Berg, Gosen and Jannetje— Goosen. 
July 1. Laan, Cornelius and Neeltje Langestraat— Jacob. 
July 22. De Mott, Lourens and Dorothea Van der Beek — Dirck. 
Sept. 16. Amack, Andries and Tietje V :Bosck-Kerk— Thomas. 

Emans, Andries and Saertje Van Duyn — Anna 

Vroom, Pieter and Jannetje Dumont — Jannetje. 
Witnesses: Andries Ten Eyk and Marytje, his wife. 

Van Duyn, Roelot and Susanna Pettinger— William. 
Witnesses : William Van Duyn and Sibrech. 

Stryker, Teunis and Lena — Elizabeth. 
Oct. 7. Bodyn, Pieter and Marytje— Elizabeth. (''Born Sept. 18, 
1753; d. Nov. 18, 1825; m., Dec. 23, 1779, Folkert Douw")! 
Witness: Judick Bodein. 

Waldron, Samuel and Catherina Hegeman — Adriaen. 

Hall, Edward ?nc] Catherina Cock — Geertruy. 

Pietersen, Pieter G. and Catherina Hegeman — Gerbrandt. 

■Marlett, Jan and Jannetje Van Sichelen — Abraham. 
Witness : Helena Van Sickelen. 

Swart, Johannis and Elizabeth — Annaetje. 

Chrison, Adolphus and Saertje — Saertje. 
Witnesses: William Wood and Alida. 
Oct. 9. MacKinny, Mordechai and Agnietje Bodein — Johannis. 
Oct. 28. Van Vliedt, Thomas and Grietje Wykhoft — Grietje. 

Lou, Cornelius J. and Johanna Jansen — Benjamin. 

Van Deventer, Jsaac and Sara — Abraham. 

Witnesses: Nicholaes WykhoflF and Margrietje Wvkhoff. 

Stol. Hendrick and Annaetje Van Middleswaert — Magdalena. 
Nov. 21. Jansen, Abraham and Maria — Maria. 

Dumont, Petrus and Breghje Vroom — Petrus. 
Dec. 9. Stryker, Jan and Judick Van Neste — Hendrick. 

Laan, Arie and Sara — Elizabeth. 
Dec. 30. Ryerson. Marten and Chatherina Cock — Thomas. 

Jansen, William and Rebecca — Sara. 

Van Hoorn, Cornelius and Geertje — Simeon. 

Kinne, William and Eva Schirts — David. 

1754. 
Jan. 19. Bodeyn, Frederick and Elsje Bogert — Jan. 
Mar. 3. Wykhof, Cornelius and Maria — Annaetje. 
Krom, Cornelius and Rebecca — Thomas. 
Wykhof, Pieter and Marytje — Pieter. 
("Captured by Indians. Returned"). 
Polen, William and Sara — Martha. 
WykhoflF, Nicholaes and Grietje — William. 

Witnesses: Isaac Van Deventer and Saertje Van Deventer. 
Zutphen, Dirck and Neeltje — William. 
Pouwelse, Cornelius and Maria — Maria. 
Phenix, John and Maria Woertman — Sara. 



58 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Mar. 24. Lou, Dirck and Rebecca Emans— Cathelina. 

Ten Eyk, Tobias and Antje Van I loom— Neeltje. 

Hogeboom, Pieter and Neeltje — Maria. 
April 14. Hoff, Isaac and Catherina Van Neste— Elizabeth. 
May 5. Kouwenhoven, Gerrit and Sara Traphagen— Lena. 

Quick, Petrus and Johanna — Petrus. 

Kinne, Jacobus and Neeltje — Dirck. 
May 26. .Zutphen, Pieter and Cathelyntje— Margrietje. 
Witness: Margrietje Woertman. 

Van Zandt, Barnardus and Magdeleentje — Barnardus, 
Witness: Barnardus Van Zandt. 
June 16. Stol, Jan and Annaetje — Magdalena. 

Jansen, Jan and Annaetje — Magdalena. 

Pettinger, Johannis and Sara Stevens — Maria. 

Tietsoort, Marcus and Aeghje Hoff — Marcus. 

Johnson, and Sary Lane — John. 

Witness: Abert Janson's wife. 

D'Haryet, Charles and Anna— Charles. 

Wykhof, Samuel and Geertje — Jan. 

Cooper, Jan and Martha — Jan. 

Marlat, Abraham and Martha Veal-Pieter Nelly and Gideon. 
Witnesses : Penelope and Elizabeth Slecht. 
Sept. 8. Egbert, John and Metje — Elizabeth. 

Schamp, Hendrick and Margrietje Cock — David. 
Witnesses: David Cock and Marya. 

Symonse, Symon and Anne — Symon. 

Van Sichele, Reynier and Margery — Marytje. 

Lou, Cornelius C. and Annaetje Dildein — Judick. 
Oct. 10. Egbert, Nicholaes and Maria — Chaterina. 

Emans, Abraham and Margrietje — Anne. 

Algert, Benjamin and Chatelyna — Elizabeth. 
Dec. 26. Van Sichelen, Rynier and Maayke — Elsje. 

Polen, Samuel and Lena — William. 

Wykhoff, Cornelius and Elisabeth — Cornelia. ("Born July 
16, 1754; m. David Traphagen'"). 
Witness: Geertje Van Hoorn. 

Van Aughem. Cornelius and Marian-Christina. 

Van Sichelen, Andries and Lea Krom— Maria. 

Van Neste, Petrus and Cathelyntje Davids — Jan. 

Macilvene, Thomas and Antje — Eesje. 

Kool, Tennis and Elizabeth— Sara. 

Brady, John and Elizabeth Chrison — Catherina. 

Witnesses: Christoffel Braziel and Elizabeth Slecht. 

Britain, Abraham and Sarah Eorster— [child's name not 
given]. 

*755« 

Feb. 6. Monfoort, Jacob and Jan net je Nevuis — Margretha. 

Van Vliedt, William and Adriaentje WykhotT — Maria. 

Louw, Tennis and Maayke Hall — Thomas. 

Lane, William and Jannetje— Jannetje. 

Monfoort, Pieter, Jur., and Johanna Langestraat — Sara. 



Readington Church Baptisms from IJ20 59 

Van der Beek, Jaques and Maria Ten Eyk— Dorothea. 
Sturges, James A., and Margretha — Pieter. 
Heath, Samuel and Anna Maria — Maria. 
Powelsen, Jacob and Margretha — Johannes. 
Apr. 13. Ten Broeck, Cornelius and Maria — Johannes. 

Witnesses: Daniel Sebring and Catherine Le boy Teaub. 
Van Neste, Pieter and Elizabeth — Pieter. 
De Mott, Michael and F emmet jc — Elizabeth. 
Louw, Benjamin and Neeltje Van Neste — Jannetje. 
Van Stee, Hendrick and Ruth Blackford — Wyntje. 

Witness: Wyntje Ten Eyk. 
Bogaert, Marten and Maria — Cornelius. 
Kool, Jan and Marytje Louw — Teunis. 
Doaty, Jeremias and Harmtje Koevers — Jan. 
Hoff, Jan and Antje Van Neste — Pieter. 

Witness : Margriet Van Neste. 
Wykhoff, Marten and Elizabeth — Joseph. 
Van den Berg, Goosen and Jane Heryard — Margretha. 
Tietsoort, Abraham and Gertruy Hoff — William. 
Van Sichelen. Tan and Christina Sebring — Helena. 



Witness : Helena 



Tarett, David and Catherina — Pieter. 
April 27. Stol, Jan and Jenneke Ten Eyk — Annaetje. 
June 6. Jansen, William and Annaetje — Barbaraetje. 

De Mott, Lourens and Dorothea V:D:Beek — Lourens. 

Hardenbroek, Lodewyk and Catheryn Bodyn — Lcdewyk. 

V:Middelswaert, Abraham and Maria — Hendericus. 
Aug. 10. Cock, Jacobus and Christina Schamp — Grietje. 

Witnesses: Joost Schamp and Grietje Schamp. 

Korsen, Teunis and Henah — Mally ; Metje. 

Witnesses : Jacobus Smack and Margriet Smack. — 

Bouman, Thomas and Rachel — Thomas. 

Ten Eyk, Tobias and Antje Van Hoorn — Tobias. 

Middagh, Pieter and Marritje De Mott — Rebecca. 

Bodyn, Abraham and Marytje — Saertje. 

VrMiddleswaert, Hendicus and Neeltje Ten Eyk — Femmetje. 

Van Neste, Jan and Saertje Vroom — Sara. 

Vroom, Jacob and Elisabeth Schoonmaek — Catherina. 
Sept. 30. Van Sichelen, Arie and Maria Laan — Abraham. 

Van der Bilt, Jan and Angcnietje — Jacob. 

Witnesses: Jacob Van der Bilt and Neeltje Van der Bilt. 

Jansen, Hendrick and Neeltje — Ezekiel. 

Marlet, Jan and Jannetje Van Sichelen — Thomas. 

Hegeman, Joseph and Niesje Waldron — Maria. 

Waldron, Samuel and Catherina Hegeman— Frans. 

LeGrange, Yellis and Antje LeGrange — Antje. 

Mackinny, Mordechai and Agnietje Bodyn — Marytje. 
Nov. 30. Bouman. Cornelius and Marytje — Elizabeth. 

Bogaert, Isaac and Neeltje Van Neste— Ruth je. 
Dec. 28. Stol, Teunis and Elizabeth — Magdelena. 

Ryersen. Marten and Catherine Cock— William Assilby. 



Nov. 27. 



60 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Smock, Jacobus and Margrict — Matthys. 
Hardin, Thomas and Priscilla — Sarali. 

Middagh, Tennis and Jannetje Broca— Cornelius. ("Born 
Sept. 17, 1 755. Baptized Sept. 29, 1755, by Johannis 
Henricus Goetschius"). 
1756. 
Jan. 11. Descher, Wilhelm and Yda — Geertje. 

Vander Veer, Jacobus and Femmetje — Cathrina. 
Jan. 18. Louw, Dirck and Rebecca Emans — Cornelius. 

Cock, William and Cornelia Van den Bergh — Henry. 
Van Vliedt, Thomas and Margrietje Wykhoff — Lea. 
Stryker, Jan and Judick Van Neste — Pieter. 
Jansen, Abraham and Elizabeth — Adriaen. 
Feb. 1. Laen, Arie and Sara — Mattheus. 

Kouwenhoven, Pieter and Neeltje — Joris. 
Cooper, John and Martha — [name of child omitted]. 
Feb. 8. Dumont, Rynier and Annaetje Brouwer — Margrietje. 
Pietersen, Lucas and Cathryntje — Isaac. 
V:Vliedt, Frederick, Jur., and Rebecca Dubois — Abraham. 

("Born July iq, 1 7 =; q ? ' ) . 
De Mott, Johannis and Elizabeth Davis — Maria. 
Cornells, Comelis and Antje — [name of child omitted]. 
Broca, Jan and Geertje Kaelsche — Dina, 

Witness : Albertina Wagenacr. 
Van Campen, Cornelius and Maria — Maria. 
Witnesses : David Cock and Maria Cock. 
Feb. 22. Van Vliedt, William and Adriaentje Wykhof— Gerrit. ("Died 
i860"). 

Witnesses : Gerrit Van Vliedt and Judick Van Vliedt. 
Emans, Andries and Sara Van Duyn — Catheryn. 

Witnesses : Cornelius Lou and Catherine, his wife. 
Van Duyn, Roelof and Susanna Pittengen — Hendrick. 
Mar. 21. Van Tuyl, Jan and Marytje — Abraham. 
Kleyn, God fried and Yda— Jacob. 
Kool, David and Margrietje — David. 
Louw, Teunis and Maayke — Metje. 

Witnesses: Lourens Louw and Geertje, his wife. 
Liest, Pieter and Catherina — Johannes. 

Witnesses: Coenradus Van der Beck and Annetje. 
Kouwenhoven, Gerrit and Sara Traphagen— Cornelius. 
Mar. 28. Smack, Gerrit and Jannetje— Aeltje. 
Apr. 4. Miskom, Nicholaes and Antje De Mott — Antje. 
Wykhoff, Samuel and Geertje— Nicholaes. 

Witnesses: Nicholaes Wykhoff and Marytje. 
Hoff, Isaac and Catherina Van Neste— Pieter. 
Apr. 26. Aten, Dirck and Adriaentje Langestraat- -Christina. 
May 2. Arree, Abraham and Eva — Catherina. 

Wykhof, Nicholaes and Margrietje— Sara, 

Witnesses: Isaac Van Deventer and Sara. 
Van der Bilt, Jacob and Acltje— Jacob. 
Pietersen, Pieter and Maria Pettinger— Thomas. 
Witnesses: Thomas Pieterson and Antje, his wife. 



June 


7- 


June 


13. 


June 
July 


27. 

18. 



Readington Church Baptisms from 1/20 61 

June 6. Dumont, Pieter and Breghje Vroom — Hendrick. 

Witnesses: Jan Van Neste and Saertje, his wife. 
Bodyn, Frederick and Elsje Bogert — Elsje. 
Van Zandt, Gerrit and Magdalena — Marritje. 

Witnesses: Barnardus V :Zandt and Marritje. 
Kool, Banjamin arid Geertje — Rachel. 

Witness: Metje Korsen. 
Algert, Benjamin and Cathelina — Maria. 
Van Vliedt, Dirck and Rachel— Rachel. 
Stryker, Denis and Lena Hoglandt — Christafel. 
Ten Eyk, Mattheus and Neeltje Teunisse — Janneke. 
Jansen, Jan and Cathelina — Sara. 

Witness: Pieter Wykhoff. 
Schoemaker, Daniel and Anne — Henricus. 

Witnesses : Arie Van Kampe and Sara. 
Swart, Johannis and Elisabeth — Femmetje. 

Witnesses: Ram Hegeman and Femmetje. 
Same, Hendrick and Anna Catherina — Andries. 
Van pelt, Teunis and Grierje — Pieter. 
.^Egberts, Nicholaes and Marytje — Lena. 

Witness : Lena Biggs. 
Polen, William and Sara — Sara. 
Stol, Jan and Anne Bonny — Joseph. 

Witness : Jan Stol, Sr. 
Aug. 1. Hoff, Jan and Antje Van Neste — Jan. 

Schermerhoorn, Jacob and Neeltje — Jan. 
Aug. 8. Rass, Jacobus and Elizabeth — William. 
Aug. 15. Pettinger, Richard and Rebecca Griggs — Hendrick. 
Jansen, Andries and Jannetje — Aefje. 

Witnesses : Arie Jansen and Elisabeth Jansen. 
Emaus, Abraham and Margriet — Saertje. 
Aug. 29. Ten Broeck, Cornelius and Maria — Dirck Wesselse. 
Simson, Gershom and Cathrina — Jacobus. 

Witness : Jacobus Brink. 
Hofman, Johannis and Rebecca — Maria. v 
De Mott, Jacob and Nelly — Saertje. 
Doaty, Jeremias and Harmtjc — Jannetje. 
Oct. 24. ViVliedt, Frederick and Rebecca DuBois — Frederick. 
Hegeman, Rem and Femmetje — Joseph. 

Witnesses: Joseph Hegeman and Adriaentje. 
Louw, Cornelius and Annaetje — Gysbert. 
.Nov. 14. Egberts, John and Metje — Maria. 

Van Sichelen, Rynier and Mary — Lena. 

Witnesses: Jan Van Sichelen and Lena. 
Bergen, Evert and Jannetje Hegeman — Evert. 

1757- 
Jan. 9. Wells, Thomas and Elizabeth — Sary. 

[Handwriting changes here. New clerk]. 
Van Sickle, Jan, (Sr.?), and Maregrietta — Jan. 
Van Sickle, Jan, Jur., and Steintge — Maria. 
Witnesses: Dirck Sebring and Maria. 



62 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

McCane, Thomas and Antge — Neiltge. 

Van fliedt, Jeromes and Annatie — Maregrietta. 
Witnesses: Jost Schamp and Maregrietta. 

Van fliedt, Willim and Ariantge — Cornelius. 
Witnesses: Cornelius Wyckoff and Maria. 

totterson, Hendrick and Maregrietta — Elizabeth. 
Witness : Antge Hal!. 

Cole, Jan and Maria (Low?) — Jenneia. 

tietsoort, Marcus and Ksge — Isack. 

Lou, Abraham and Ida (widow of Albert Stothoff) — Abra- 
ham. 
•■ Van Nest, Petrus and Catleintge — Jorcs. 



and Maregrietta — Antge. 



Witnesses : William Polen and Saartge. 

Aten, Hendrick and . — Hendrick. 

Witnesses : Adrian Aten and Jacpge. 

Wortman, Jan and Saartge — Johannes. 
Witness: Elsje Wortman. 

Jansen, William and Annatie — Jacob. 

Sutfin, Peter and Catelina — Gei'^bert. 
Apr. 17. Vroom, Peter and Jannetje — Hendrick. 

Witnesses : Jan Vroom and Sara V :Nest 
May 2. Wyckoff, Peter and Maria — Maria. 

D'mont, Petrus and Arriantie — Jan. 
Witnesses : Jan D'Mont and Annatie. 
May 22. Kinney, Willem and Eva — Willem. 
Witness : Peter Kinney. 

Cozyn, Cornelius and Antje — Elizabeth. 

Monfort, Peter and Johanna — Peter. 

Dister, Willem and Ida— Willem. 

Lane, Cornelius and Neiltje — Xeiltje. 

Low, Jan and Catrina — Johannes. 
June 13. Amack, Andries and Tietje — Abraham. 

V:Vliedt, Willem and Maria — Cateleyntie. 
July 24. V:Horn, Cornelius and Geertje— Maregritta. 

Low, Cornelius and Catrina — Catrentje. 

Krom, Hendrick and Maregrietta— Isaack. 
Aug. 6. Sebring, Johannes and Geertje— Neiltje. 

Witnesses: Teunis Teunison and Aeltje Y:\est. 

Haal, Edward and Catrine— Thomas. 

D:Mott, Lowrence and Doritie — Martha. 

Douw, Jan and Anna— Marigrittie. 

ViDerbilt. Willem and Maria— Davidt 

Woortman, Willem and Maragrictta— Samuel. 
Sept. 11. Stoll, Ian and Jenneia— Abraham. 

Olleger, Benjamen and Catleina — Benjemin. 
Dec. 20. Monfort, Abraham and Xeiltje— -Peter. 

D:Mott, Johannes and Elizabeth— Dirck. 

Herden, Thomas and Prissilla— Samuel. 
Dec. 26. Low, Benjamin and Neiltje — Benjamin. 

D:Wit, Tacob and Jannetie — Cornelius. 



Readington Church Baptisms from 1720 63 

Cock, Samuel and Annatie — Tennis. 

Cock, Jacobus and Cristina — Cristina. 
Witnesses: David Cock and Maria. 

Vanderbeek, Jakes and Maria — Maria. 

Lane, Willem and Jannetie — Gisbert. 
1758. 
Feb. 12. McKinney, Martegay and Egnes — Catrina. 

Lane, Harmanes and Elizabeth — Jurrey. 

Striker, Jan and Judick — Jan. 

D :Mott, Michael and Femmitie — Steyntie. 

Terret, Davidt and Catrina — Cornelius. 

Biggs, Jan and Maregrietta — Johannes. 

V : Sickle, Jacobes and Saara — Abraham. 

Stout, Thomas and Jannetie — Mergit. 

VrStee, Hendrick and Ruth — Catrina. 

Low, Dirck and Rebecca — Rebecca. 

V:Vliedt, Thomas and Grietje — Annatie. 

Low, Garret and Rachael — Cornelius. 
Apr. 12. V :Vliedt, Dirck and Rachael — Lidea. 
Aug. 27. D :Mott, Jacob and Nelle — Dirck. 

V :Nest, Jan and Saertje — Fredrick. 
Corsen, Teunis and Hanna — Maregriet. 

Oct. 29. Hicks, Hugh and Maregriet — Pieter. 
D:Mott, Isaac and Molley — Dirck. 

V :Zant, Garret and Magdeiena — Magdelena. 
Bodine, Fredrick and Elsje — Catteleyntje. 
Bries, Hendrick and Ruth — Ruth. 

Broca, Jan and Geertje — Maria. 
Ten Eyck, Matthewes and Neiltje — Femmetje. 
Ten Eyck, Jan and Maria — Andries. 
Teunissen, Teunis and Adriantie — Teunes. 
Dec. 17. Stoll, Hendrick and Annatie — Femmetie. 
Bogert, Isaac and Neiltie — Maria. 

1759- 

Jan. 7. Arrey, Jacob and Catriena — Jacobes. 

Egbert, Nicholas and Maria — Abraham. - 
Striker, Denies and Lena — Denies. 
Kinney, Pieter and Sara — Maria. 
Ten Eyck. Andries and Maria — Hendrick. 
Low, Cornelius and Annatie — Maria. 
Monfort, Abraham and Neiltje — Steintie. 
Emans, Abraham and Marregrieta — Catriina. 
Van Sichelen, Jan and Steyntie — Jannetie. 
Hofman, Jan and Rebecca — Maregrietta. v 
Cole, Ezekiel and Steintie — Obedia. 

Witnesses : Teunes Cole and Elizabeth. 
Herrington, Edwart and Jannetie — Geertie. 
Smack, Jacobus and Maregrieta — Elizabeth. 
Bogert, Martein and Maria — Johannes. 
Aten, Jan and Elizebeth — Elizebeth. 



Feb. 

Mar. 


4- 

4- 


Apr. 


5- 


Apr. 


29. 



* 



64 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

May 24. Jansen, Arye and Maregrietta— Jacob. 

Cole, Jan and Mara — Elizabeth. 
June 17. V:Nest, Isaac and Elizabeth— Elizabeth. 

Witness : Jan V :Nest. 
July 15. VrDerbilt, Wiliem and Maria— Neiltie. 

Low, Jan and Catriena — Abraham. 
Aug. 12. Egbert, Jan and Metie — James. 

Low, Genet and Rachel — Judith. 

Bowman, Jores and Maria — Jacob. 

Teiler, Benjamin and Mareitie — Willet. 
Witness: Willet Teeler. 
Sept. 9. Dow, Jan and Annatie — Folkert. 

Jansen, Thomas and Annatie — Andries. 
Oct. 14. V :Nest, Jan and Saartie — Jores. 

V :Pelt, Teunes and Grietie — Elsie. 
Stool, Jan and Anna — Maria. 

Nov. 11. D:Mott, Lourence and Dorithe — Pieter. 

V:Nest, Jan and Saartie — Lena. 

Aten, Gerret and Dina Johnson — Maria. 

Low, Dirck and Rebecca — Gisbert. 

ViVliedt, Wiliem and Maria — Adrian. 
Nov. ' 23. V :Nest, Pieter and Treintie — Petrus. 
Dec. 9. M on fort, Pieter and Johanna — -Johanna. 

Cozyn, Cornelius and Antie — Femitie. 
1760. 
Mar. 2. McKinney, Marteghai and Angenietie — Johannes. 

Cock, Samuel and Annatie — Samuel. 
Mar. 30. Striyker, Jan and Judick — Abraham. 

V:Zant, Bernardes and Xeiltie — Belitie. 

Zuylinger, Phillip and Hanna — Rachael. 
Apr. 27. Herden, Thomas and Priscilla — Mary. 

V :Nest, Jeromes and Petience — Hendrick. 
' June 8. Stool, Jan and Jennike — Hcndrickes. 

Cole, Teunes and Elizabeth — Elizabeth. 
Witnesses: David Cole and Marget. 
Cole, Thomas and Leintie — Teunes. 
Stoll, Hendrick and Annatie — Hendrickes. 
" Egbert, Nicholas and Maria — Maritie. 

V :Derbeek, Jakes and Maria — Andries. 
Omack, Andries and Tietie — Wiliem. 

[To be Continued] 

& «< S ** 

FIRST REFORMED CHURCH, RARITAN (SOMERVILLE) BAPTISMS 

Translated and Compared With Origin at. Records 

[Continued from Vol. IV , Page 299] 
1808. 
Jan. 10. Howel, .Andrew and Mary Maddox Hardenbergti — Lewis 

Van Berg Hardenbergh. (Bom Dec. 2, [807). 
Feb. 3. Hubbell, Margaret Schenk (wife oi James) — Margaret Van 
Der Spiegel; Edward Coke; Ann Maria. 



FWst Reformed Church, Raritan (Somerz-illc) Baptisms 6 





28. 


Mar. 


6. 




13 




27. 


Apr. 


24. 


May 


1. 




14. 


May 


29. 


June 


26. 


July 


i/- 




24. 




3i- 


Aug. 


14. 




21. 




28. 


Sept. 


4- 




18. 




25- 


Oct. 


1. 




14. 



23- 
Nov. 6. 


17- 
Dec. 4. 

7- 

24. 


1809. 
Jan. 1. 



24. McCoy, Goyn and Martha Dunham— Susanna ; Thomas 

Harris ; Gown ; Bennau Dunham. 
Lewis Evans, bap. for its grandmother, Mary Brokaw, wife 

of Cov. Van Dyke. 
Worley, Peter and Jane Van Dyke— Phebc. 
Van Xeste, George I. and Mary Standfast (unbap.) — Maria. 
Terhune, Cornelius and Phebe Ten Eyck— Cornelius WyckofT. 
Bolmer, Isaac and Jana Brown — Robert. 
Taylor, Gilbert and Ann Van Doren — Willct 
Bunetson, William and Sarah Brokaw — Sarah. 
Bergen, Evert and Jane Striker — John. 
Williamson, Matthew and Aalche Hall — Gertrude. 
Spader, Abraham and Maria Quick — Jonathan. 
Talmage, Goyn and Magdalene Terhune — Mary. 
Tunison, Phillip and Susannah Brown — John. 
Brokaw, John and Catherine Deforest — Jane. 
V. Xest, Peter and Phebe Brokaw — Ann. 
Miller, Dickenson and Jennet Kirkpatrick — Samuel Williams. 
Garretsen, John and Jane Hagaman — Garriet. 
Teeple, William and Rachel Stillwell — Enoch. 
Davis, Peter, Jr., and Nancy Willing — Edward. 
V. Der Veer, Henry and Elenor Sutfin — Henry. 
Wintersteen, James and 'Mary "Centner — James. 
Veghte, Hendrick and Elizebeth Taylor — Jane Taylor. 
V. Xest, John P. and Fanny Smith — Peter. 
Nimaster, John and Phebee Smith — Henry Lenerd. 
Coragon, Rebecca (wife of James) — James. 
Hardcastle, John and Eleanor V. Doren — John. 
V. Arsdalen , Hendrick and Elizabeth Waldron — William 

Praul. 
16. Schenk, John and Elizabeth Vroom — Elsy Jar.e. 

Davenport, John and Trephagen — Sarah Ann. 

Beakman, Cornelius and Rebecca Sharp — Abraham. (Born 

Sept. 18). 
Van Xuys, John and Matte Brokaw — Simon Brokaw. 
Beakman, Martin and Matte Brokaw — Ellenann. 
Hall, Richard and Francis Huff — Sarah. 
Smith, John and Mary Brokaw — John. 
Harder, Abraham and Catherine Hoagland — John. 
Voorhees, John and Eleanor Thompson — Margaret. (Born 

Oct. 1). 

V. Der Vere, Tunis and Sarah V. Arsdalen — Phillip. (Born 

Nov. 12, 1808). 
V. Middleswort, Hendrick and Maria Quick — Abm. Quick. 
22. Vosseller, George and Ann Wintersteen — Andrew Van Der 

Beek. 
29. Button, William and Jane Vroom — John. 

V. Zant, Adam and Elizabeth Schenk— Magdalene Schenk. 
Fa Forge. Margaret Cooper, wife of Jacol> — Sarah. 



66 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

26. Blavv, Abraham and Mary V. Zant — Laurance V. Derverc. 

(Born Oct. 22, 1808;. 
Mar. 26. V. Veghtcn, Michael and Elizabeth Legrange — Richard. 
Apr. 9. Van Nest, George and Ann Ove — Catherine Ann. 

16. Worley, Peter and Jane V. Dyke — Cornelious Van Dyke. 
30. Whitehead, Daniel and Sarah Brokaw — Jennet Kirkpatrick. 
May 7. Vredenburgh, John S. and Sarah Caldwell — Ann. 

Crane, Richard and Mary Steward — Catherine Taylor. (Born 

Nov. 22, 1808). 

21. Decamp, Benjamin and Dina Hardenbergh — Joshua Wallace. 

28. Brokaw, Abraham and Mary Striker — Cornelia Striker; 

Elizabeth Polhemus. 

June 28. Cox, Susanna, servant woman of John Cox — Polly ; Thomas ; 

Susan; Jack. 
July 2. Terhune, Cornelius and Phebe Ten Eyck — Eliza Legrandge. 

16. Voorhees, Samuel and Agnis Tunison — James Culver. 

V. Middleswert, Hendrick and Elizabeth Talmage — John. 
Covert, Tunis and Dinah Fisher — Catherine Margaret Fisher. 
23. Terhune, Ruliff and Sally Van Doren — Letty Maria. (Born 
June 13). 
Brokaw, Isaac and Magdalene V. Lieu — John. 
Aug. 24. Weldon, Andrew and Jane Crawford — Jane. 

27. Drake, Richard and Sarah Messallor — Sarah Ann. 
Sept. 3. Brokaw, Joseph and Hannah Post — Ann. 

10. Quick, John S. and Magdaleen Brokaw — Mary Striker. 

17. Voorhees, Peter and Lemmetje Simon son — John. 
Brokaw, Isaac and Maria V. Neste — Catherine. 
Doty, Cornelius — Abigail (his wife, an adult). 
Brokaw, John Q. and Phebe Harriot — John. 
Van Nest, Rinier and Anne Brokaw — Abraham. 
Dumon, Abraham and Judith Davis — Peter. 
V. Devanter, Cornelius and Susan Talmage — Elizabeth. 

Whiteknecht, Tohn and Gertrude Stryker- 



Oct. 


21. 


Nov. 


12. 




19. 

26. 


Dec. 


24. 


18] 


[O. 


Jan. 


10. 




14. 
16. 



Wurts, Harmon and Jemima Wilmoth — Aulian Swan. 
Van Doren, Tunis and Gerettje Vroom— Else Maria. ["Else 
Maria b. Aug. 14, 1806; d. Nov. 23, 1864. Gerettje Vroom 
b. Mar. 2, 1776; d. June 23, 1841"]. 
Feb. 25. Vroom, Peter H. and Eleanor Ten Eyck — Hendrick. 
Mar. 18. Ninemaster, John and Phebe Smith— John Smith. 

Gaston, John W. and Sarah Castner— Samuel Brant. (Born 
Dec. 14, 1809). 
28. Whitehead, Henry and Sarah Hermitage— Robert ; Sarah; 
Hannah ; Ann. 
Dun, Jonathan (an adult). 
May 13. King, Henry and Cornelia McCrum— John. 

20. Davis, Peter, Jr., and Nancy Willing— Matthias Ten Eyck. 
(Born Feb. 20). 
Teeple, William and Rachad Stillwcll— George. 
Taylor, Gilbert and Ann Y. Doren— John. 



First Reformed Church, Raritan (Somerville) Baptisms 67 

V. Middles wart, Andrew and Ann Waldron— Cornelius 

Waldron. 
Quick, Susan, adult servant woman of Joacern Quick. 
Bolmer, Isaac and Lana Brown — Charlotte Sophia. 
Gerretson, John and Jane Hagamon — Henry Hagamon. 
Staats, Jacobus and Elizabeth Brokaw — John. 
Voorhees, John H. and Eleanor Tunison — Eleanor Tunison. 
Doty, Cornelius and Abigail Brown — John; Peter. 
Talmage, Goyn and Magdaleen Terhune — Martena. 
Doty, Joseph and Jane Staats — Elizabeth. 
Bergen, Evert and Jane Striker — Jane Fish. 
Rial, Joseph and Maria Striker — Altje Blau. 
(Train, Richard and Mary Steward — Margaret Van Veghten. 
Van Dervere, Ferdinand and Maria Elmondorf — Margaret 

Elmendorl. 
Herder, Abm. and Catherine Hoagland — Nicholas DuBois. 
Ten Eyck, Abm. and Magdalene Simonson — Andrew. 
V. Devere, Hendrick and Elenor Suthn — John Sutfin. 
Buneston, \\ r illiam and 'Sarah Brokaw — William. 
Voorhees, John and Ellenor Thompson — Eliza Van Deventer. 
Tunison, Philip and Susannah Brown — James Caldwill. 
Spader, Abraham and Mary Quick — John Wortman. (Born 

Oct. 2j y 1810). 

Gaddis, Andrew and Margaret Bergen — James Bergen. 

Vredenburgh, John S. and Sarah Caldwell — Elizabeth Nevius. 

V. Huys, John and Matte Brokaw — Maria. 

Autin, Isaac and Lina Striker — James Quick. 

V. Nest, John P. and Fanny Smith — Margaret. 

V. Dervere, Tunis and Sarah V. Arsdalen — James. 

Perrine, Elizabeth Drake (wife of James) — John. 
24. V. Neste, George I. and Mary Standfast (she unbap/) — 

- Hannah V. Duyn. 

Bennet, William and Mary McCulm — William. 
Mar. 3. Van Pelt, Matthew Ten Eyck and Maria Beunct — Ruliff. 
17. Quick, Joakim G. and Jane V. Middlesworth — Ann Striker. 

~ (Born Feb. 18, 181 1). 
Mar. 24. Hoagland, Henry L. and Jane Bowers — Lucas. 

Beakman, Benjamin and Cornelia Beakman — Samuel Bloom- 
field. (Born Jan. 1, 181 1). 

Wintersteen, James and Mary Cosner — John. 

V. Arsdalen, Isaac and Mary Applegate (she unbap.) — John; 
Catherine. 

Flardcastle, John and Eleanor Van Doren — Adaline Van 
Doren. 

Whitekneght, John and Gertrude Striker— Lidia Ann. 

Voorhees," John and Altje Wortman — Elizabeth. 

Blau, Abraham and Maria V. Zant— Eleanor. 
19. Veghte, Henry and Elizabeth Taylor— Rinier. 

Rosenkrance, Charick and Hetty Cox (she unbap.) — M 





26. 




27. 


June 


24. 


July 


1. 


Aug. 
Sept. 


*5- 

12. 

9- 


Oct. 


30. 
13- 




21. 


Nov. 


24. 
22. 


Dec. 


25- 
9- 




23- 


18] 


1. 


Jan. 


6. 




27- 


Feb. 


10. 



Apr. 


14. 

23. 


May 


5- 




12. 



68 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Voorhees, Jacobus and Sarah Van Arsdalen— Christopher V. 
Arsdalen. 

26. Thompson, Garret and Mary Voorhees— Catherine Ann. 
June 16. Brokaw, Isaac I. and Mary V. Nest— Peter Van Nest. 

July 21. Decamp, Benjamin and Dina Hardenburgh— William Harden- 

burgh. 
Aug. 14. Taylor, Susannah, servant of Willet Taylor— Hannah. 

18. Brokaw, Bergun and Siche Ditmas — Joseph ; Phebe. 

22. V. Nest, Mary Dow (wife of John, Jr.)— Cornelius ; Henry 

Dow ; Matilda Rachel Catelina ; Tunis. 

25. Vroom, Peter H. and Eleanor Ten Eyck— Andrew Ten Eyck. 
Stillwell, Jeremiah and Margaret Dnmont — Francis Nesbit 

Van Dervere. 
Cubberly, Isaac and Susan V. Nostrand — Maria. 
Sept. 1. Voorhees, Abraham and Elizabeth Voorhees — LettyamL 

Mercer, Peter and Margaret Nesbit — John Frelinghuysen. 
15. Terhune, Cornelius and Phebe Ten Eyck — Maria DuMont. 

Oct. 6. Covert, Tunis and Dinah Fisher . 

12. Douw, John and Catherine V. Nest — Peter Van Nest. 

27. Todd, John and Ann Comer — Stephen Boger. 

Nov. 18. Van Arsdalen, Hendrick and Elizabeth Waldron — Ann EHaL 
(Born Oct. 4, 181 1). 
1S12. 
Jan. 12. V. Middleswart, Henderick and Elizabeth Talmage — Daniel. 

26. Hall, Richard and Frances Huff — Rachel. 

Feb. 16. Quick, John and Lucretia Quick — Magdaleen Brokaw. 

23. Dumon, Peter P. and Magdaleen Davis — Jane. (Born Nov. 

13, 1S11). 
Dumon, Abraham and Judith Davis — Abraham. 
Mar. 1. Welden, Andrew and Jane Crawford — Mary Margaret Howet 
8. V. Pelt, Peter and Maria Brokaw — Andrew. 
22. Voorhees, Peter and Lemmetje Simonson — Alada Williamson. 
29. Hoagland, William and Sarah Vroom — Hendrick Vroom. 
Apr. - 5. Williamson, Matthew and Alche Hall — William Hall. 
King, Henry and Cornelia McCnim — Sally Maria. 

19. Van Neste, Rinier and Anne Brokaw — Peter. (Born Feb. 26). 
Brokaw, Peter and Sarah Brokaw — John. 

Teeple, William and Rachael Stillwell — James. 
26. French, Joseph and Jemima Van Liew — Mary Magdalene; 

Siche Eliza. 
Garretson, John and Jane Hagaman— Magdalen. 
Munday, Rhoda (adult). 

V. Nest, Mary Dow (wife of John. Jr.)— Aletta. 
Brokaw, Isaac and Maria Van Neste- -Peter Van Ne>t. 
Smith, John and Mary Brokaw — Jane Suydam. 
26. Hoagland, Cornelius and Eleanor Voorhees— Elizabeth 

Wycoff, (Born June to). 
Taylor, Gilbert and Ann V. Doren — Benjamin. 
Cox, Magdaleen Van Middleswart (wife of Robert) — Maria 

Schenk. 



May 


16. 




17- 


Tune 


22. 


July 


12. 



Oct. 


3- 




ii. 


Dec. 


22. 




27. 


i8j 


^3- 


Feb. 


14. 



First Reformed Church, Raritan (Somerville) Baptisms 69 

30. Talmage, David and Catherine Van Nest— Maria. (Born 
June 21). 
Aug. 2. Wilts, Harmon and Jemima Wilmouth — Amos Swan. 

9. Vredenbttrgh, John S. and Sarah' Caldwell— Helen Wyckoff. 
23. V. Dervere, Ferdinand and .Maria Elmondorf— Maria. 
Ten Eyck, Richard and Jane Tod — Ferdinand. 
Sept. 13. Van Clief, Abm. and Mary F. Wortman— Jane Maria. 

Smock, Aaron and Farley — George. - 

Talmage, Magdaleen Terhune (widow of Goyn) — Goyn. 
Roseboom, Catherine (wife of Peter). 
Van Nuys, John and Mattie Brokaw — Phebe Ditmas. 
Cooper, Isaac and Rulanna Whitehead — Catherine Jane. 
Van Der Vere, Hendrick and Elenor. Sutfin — Matthew. 
Davis, Peter, Jr., and Nancy Willing — George. (Born June 
13, 1812). 

Hardcastle, John and Elenor Van Doren — Joseph. 
Van Pelt, Matthew and Maria Bennet — Jane Van Middleswart 
21. Voorhees, Jacobus and Sarah Van Arsdalen — Jacobus Van 
Dervere. 
Voorhees, John and Elenor Thompson — Rebecca Thompson. 
Beakman, Benjamin and Cornelia Beakman — Elizabeth. 
Buneston, William and Sarah Brokaw — Bergun Brokaw. 

(Born Feb. 16). 
Staats, Jacobus and Elizabeth Brokaw — Peter. 
Blau, Abraham and Maria Van Zant — Barnadus V. Zant. 
V. Nest, Peg, adult slave of George V. Nest. 
Wintersteen, James and Mary Costner — Jacob D. Groot. 
Quick, John and Eucretia Quick — Garriet. 
Decamp, Benjamin and Dina Hardenberg — Peter Mercer. 
V. Dervere, Tunis and Sarah V. Arsdale — Jane. 
Bergen, Evert and Jane Striker — Johanna Voorhees. 

Ten Eyck, Cornelius and Ten Eyck — Andrew. 

11. Bergen, Cornelius and Ann Hart — Alche Rapelyca. 
Aug. 1. V. Doren, Cornelius and Maria Brokaw— Elizabeth Striker. 
Bolmer, Isaac and Lana Brown—Sally Maria. 
15. Voorhees, Abraham and Eliza Simonson — Phebee Ann. 
Autin, Isaac and Lidia Stryker — Abraham. 
Sept. 8. Fisher, Ann Tunison (widow of John) — Richard Abraham 
Tunison. 
19. Tunison, Cornelius and Judith Ten Eyck — Mary Ann. 
26. Worley, Peter and Jane V. Dyke — Mary Ann Howel. 
Brokaw, Bergun I. and Maria Peterson — John. 
Oct. 24. Cubberly, Isaac and Susan V. Nostrand — Wintje Van 

Nostrand. 
Nov. 7. Hoagland, William and Sarah Vroom — Catherine. 

Voorhees, Abraham and Elizabeth Voorhees — Albert. 
Talmage, David and Catherine V. Neste — Peter Van Nest 
Voorhees, Samuel and Agnis Tunison — Garret Tunison. 
Tunison, Susannah Brown (widow of Phillip) — Susannah. 
(Born Sept. 21). 



Mar. 
Apr. 


28. 

21. 
18. 


May 


9- 
22. 


July 


30. 

4- 



7° Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

28. Quick, Joachim and Jane V. Middleswart— Hannah. (Born 
Oct. 27). 
Dec. 5. V. Dervere, Ferdinand and Maria Elmandorf— Maria. 
26. Veghte, Hendrick and Elizabeth Taylor — Aletta. 
[To be Continued] 

<cr* v5* «(?* ttfr 

HISTORICAL AND OTHER COMMENTS 

Some Unpublished Facts About Lawyer George McDonald and the McDonald 
Family- 
One hundred years ago the most successful and most noted criminal 
lawyer in Somerset County was George McDonald. To-day there is left 
but the shadow of his name, few of our readers having ever heard of him. 
The brief account in Snell's ''History of Hunterdon and Somerset" 
(p- 5B5), is all that has been in local print concerning him. Certain facts 
about his career having come to light through the Editor's investigation 
into the Judge Blackford family (<^ee first article in this issue), it seems 
desirable to publish them in these pages. 

Major Richard McDonald, of Bedminster township, was George's 
father. Colonel William McDonald of the same place was George's 
grandfather, and of him we shall make mention first. 

Colonel William is said to have come from Ireland (being probably 
a Scotch-Irishman) prior to 1744, at which time he had become the 
owner of a large tract of land, including then or later a mill, at what has 
for a generation or two past been known, locally, as Kline's Mills, near 
Pluckemin. It adjoined the farm of Rev. James McCrea, pastor at Lam- 
inton from 1740 to 1766. He was known as "Major" McDonald in 1764. 
when, on Apr. 26, he conveyed to his son, Richard, 2 3-4 acres of land in 
Bedminster (Trenton Deeds, Book A-3, p. 272 V The Colonel is not given 
a very enviable reputation in the gossipy article by the late Dr. A. W. 
McDowell, in the magazine known as "Our Home" (p. 4S4), but that was 
based on tradition. Colonel McDonald was sheriff of Somerset, i77i-'73 
He was Second Lieutenant in Capt. Thomas Patcrson's Company. Third 
Battalion, First Establishment, Continental Line, February 7. 1770. but 
was cashiered August 1, 1776. for what indiscretion does not appear. It 
was subsequent to the Revolution when he became Colonel of the Militia, 
from which he derived the title by which ho went in his later days. He 
probably did not serve in the Revolution after being cashiered. 

In the McDowell article referred to Colonel McDonald and two oi his 
sons, "Sam" and "Bill," are spoken of throughout under the surname of 
"McDaniels," but that was either a slip on the part oi the writer or a print- 
er's error; unfortunate, because it has been repeated in publications since. 
The "Sam" McDonald, the graphic but certainly inaccurate account of 



Historical and Other Comments 71 

whose hanging for murder is given in the same article, was one of the sons 
of Colonel McDonald. -Sam" was indicted at the January Term, ijWj, 
of the Somerset Quarters Sessions for felony, and tradition agrees with 
the McDowell statement that he was hung in Somerville, near the corner 
of Bridge and Cliff streets, the place long going under the name of "Gal- 
lows Hill f but the record is silent as to either his conviction or execution. 

Colonel William McDonald probably died about February, 1799, as, 
on March 16 of that year, his estate was administered on by hi^ grandson, 
the George McDonald of whom we are writing, and Dr. William McKis- 
sack, of Bound Brook, who was the Colonel's son-in-law. His wife, Mar- 
garet, who survived him, died August 2, 180S, and is buried at Bound 
Brook. A daughter, Margaret, the wife of Dr. McKissack, died March 
5, 1809. Perhaps a Phebe McDonald, who married, 1783, Judge Jacob 
Van Nostrand, and a Sarah McDonald, who married Peter Covenhoven 
about 1780-90, were other daughters. There was also a son William who 
is referred to by McDowell and is usually mentioned in local publications 
as "the notorious Bill McDonald." He seems to have served as private 
in the Revolution (Stryker's "Officers and Men," p. 245), but his anoma- 
lous career it is not our present purpose to trace. 

Major Richard McDonald was another of the Colonel's sons. He, 
like his father, resided near Pluckemin, and according to Dr. Messier, in 
the Lefrerty house (Messler's "Centennial History of Somerset," p. 149). 
Dr. Messier also says that "Major "McDonald" was (traditionally) an 
officer in the British service in his early life, and he gives an interesting 
account of a visit made to the Major's house near Pluckemin by a com- 
pany of cavalry from General Howe's army, when stationed at New 
Brunswick in or about the Fall of 1776. 

Richard McDonald is mentioned in the Johnston ''Journals" in 1761. 
and was then a Bedminster resident. He was Captain in the First Bat- 
talion of the Somerset Militia, and on February 28, 1777, he was made 
Second Major; so that he, like his father, was engaged on the side of 
Washington during the war. In 1782 the Board of Freeholders of the 
County appointed Derrick Middagh and Richard McDonald managers for 
building a new jail at Somerville. This was the old log jail of which c 
siderable has been written, and which proved so unsatisfactory that it was 
torn down about 1799. (Snell's "History," pp. 571. $72). In 17S7 Ma- 
jor Richard was the owner of 470 acres of land in Bedminster township, 
as per an assessment of that date. He sold 200 acres (perhaps a part ol 
this tract) March 20, 1802, to Mary Henry. 

The Major may have been born before the time his father, the Col 
settled in Bedminster township, and, if so, could have been born in Ire- 
land. He was certainly of age in 1764, when his father conveyed to them 



72 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

land in Bedminstcr, as previously stated. PI is trade was that of a builder ; 
the deed of 1764 calls him a "carpenter." His first wife, Margaret 

, died Aug. 16, 1773, m ner 3^° year; so she was born about 1738. 

She is buried in the old Bedminster cemetery (Quarterly, Vol. II, p. 
134), the only McDonald there interred having a tombstone. At what 
subsequent date Major McDonald married Catherine McCrea, widow of 
the &ev. James McCrea, of Lamington, (who died May 10, 1769, aged 
79 years), we cannot discover. The fact of his marriage to her seems 
to have escaped all those who have written on the McCrea family, but 
there is no doubt of it. She died July 23, 1813, and is buried at Laming- 
ton (Quarterly, Vol. Ill, p. 133, where her name is improperly given as 
"Caroline"). By her will she mentions her husband, Richard McDonald, 
"grandsons James McDonald and William McDonald, sons of my daugh- 
ter Catherine McDonald," her daughter Catherine McCrea having mar- 
ried the "Bill" McDonald previously referred to (Major Richard's 
brother), the traditional runaway match between whom, as written up by 
McDowell, having probably some basis of truth in it. 

Major McDonald survived his second wife seven years, but seems not 
to have been buried at Lamington, as was she. He is on the Bound Brook 
Presbyterian church roll (his wife Catherine also in 181 1), but probably 
attended it from Somerville. He died between June 17 and August 7, 
1820, his will, of the former date (stating he was "of Somerville") hav- 
ing been probated on the latter date. (Somerset Wills, Book B, p. 335). 
In his will he mentions as sons, William (who was living in 1840), 
George, Richard, a daughter Phebe, a granddaughter Elizabeth Conover, 
and six grandsons, each named Richard, though not designating their sur- 
names, except in one case, where he speaks of "Richard, son of my son 
George." We judge that Major Richard, at the time of his death, was 
at least eighty years of age. While his father and two brothers may have 
been somewhat dissolute and with reputations not quite savory, it appears 
that Richard was a man of sterling qualities, who did nothing to disgrace 
the McDonald name. 

We now come to the son, George McDonald; a son by the Major's 
first wife, Margaret. He was born about 1771. What authority Snell had 
for saying he was born in Somerville "on the place where Dumont Fre- 
linghnysen now (t88t) resides" ("History of Hunterdon and Somerset." 
p. 585), we do not know, but we consider it doubtful, as. so far as known. 
Major Richard did not go to Somerville to re>ide until later in life. A 
notice by him shows the father was living near Pluckcmin in 17S0. | See 
advertisement of horse stolen in "X. J. Archives." Vol. IV. Second Series. 

p. 409). 

Snell, in another statement, with more likelihood ot fact, savs that 



Historical and Other Comments 73 

George McDonald went to Millstone to study law with General Frederick 
Frelinghuysen ; this must have been about 1789. He was admitted to 
practice at the April Term, 1792, when probably just turned twenty-one. 
but did not become a counselor until 1803. He had a case in the Somerset 
Common Pleas at the same term of Court, and in two years had a large 
practice. Jt has nowhere been stated that he first opened an office at Mill- 
stone, but this appears likely from a deed of January 1, 1796, from John 
Latourette, of Bridgewater, and wife, to McDonald, wherein he is named 
as "George McDonald, attorney-at-law of Hillsborough." He is known to 
have settled at Middlebrook and opened his law office there a little later, 
and perhaps did so just after the making of that deed, which called for ij l / 2 
acres at Middlebrook, and ten acres on the "First Mountain." It must 
have been at Millstone where he became acquainted with Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Daniel Perrine, a farmer of that vicinity, whom he married about the 
year 1794 or '95. She died November I, 1797, aged twenty-four, leaving 
one son, Daniel Perrine McDonald. A daughter, Maria, had died Ar. 
16, 1796, aged "17 months, 5 days." Both were buried at Bound Brock. 
(Quarterly, Vol. I, p. 308). 

Mr. McDonald probably continued the practice of law at Middlebrook 
(acting as Chosen Freeholder of Bridgewater township from 1797 to 
1800), until about the year 1807, and in the meantime (date unknown) 
married Sarah, daughter of that well-known citizen of Bound Brook, 
Judge Jacob DeGroot, who was a Captain in the Revolution, and who did 
not die until 1843, a ged 94 years. Another daughter of Judge DeGroot 
married Dr. Samuel Swan, then a practicing physician of Bound Brook, 
and later county surrogate and Member of Congress. 

From the time McDonald went to Middlebrook until he gave up the 
practice of law in Somerville in 1819, he continued to purchase property 
near Bound Brook, and Pluckemin, and in and near Somerville, as the 
Somerset records show. It is supposed he moved to Somerville about 1S0S 
when (Dec. 1) he purchased a small property next to the "Somerset 
House stable lot" of Thomas Xesbitt. (Somerset Deeds). Soon after- 
ward he erected the large brick building, still standing, which has been 
known in local history as the "Governor Vroom House," where he prac- 
ticed for the ensuing ten years or more. His land purchases at and near 
Somerville were from Oliver Coover, John YYhitenack and others; and, 
with Samuel Swan, he bought a 95-acre farm of Matthew M. Lane, located 
in Bedminster township, in 1808. As late as April 1. iSio. he purchased 
of Andrew Howell the Dr. Jonathan Ford Morris property of 50 acres and 
an additional 23-acre tract at Somerville. He sold these latter tracts Sep- 
tember 8 of the same year to his brother-in-law. Dr. Samuel Swan, and as 
no business was done by him later in the Somerset Court, this must rep- 



74 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

resent substantially the date when he gave up his practice in New Jersey 
and went to Indiana to reside. 

McDonald's practice in the Somerset Courts was, as an examination 
of the county records shows, and as tradition has always held, extremely 
large, beginning almost with his admittance to the Bar, and, for that day, 
it must have been lucrative. He not only had a full share of the civil cases 
before the Common Pleas, but defended almost all the criminals indicted 
in the Quarter Sessions. At various times, when, for some rea-:on or 
other, there was no prosecuting officer, he accepted the temporary appoint- 
ment of "Deputy Attorney-General," and prosecuted criminals, a transi- 
tion of position which must have been rather surprising to his friends. 
Among the numerous good lawyers of Somerville, Millstone and Xew 
Brunswick, with whom he matched talents during his practice, were Rich- 
ard Stockton, Tobias Boudinot, James Linn, Joseph Warren Scott, Fred- 
erick Frelinghuysen, the younger, John Frelinghuysen, Governor Yroom, 
then a young man at the Bar, and Thomas A. Hartwell, still younger ; but 
it is said none of them grappled with such hard cases, and none were more 
successful with juries, than McDonald. Snell probably sums up only 
later traditions when he says (p. 585) : "He was a man of rather fiery 
disposition — a "Hotspur" who loved disputation and cudgeled opponents 
with his fists as well as lashed them with his tongue. But he was smart 
and active, although not brilliant as a lawyer. . . . He was bold and 
fearless and possessed a fair gift of speech." 

When a young man McDonald had joined the Free Masons, becoming 
an active member of Solomon's Lodge, No. 1, at Bound Brook, and was 
Deputy Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of the State from 1806 until 
he went West, with the exception of one year when he was Deputy Grand 
Treasurer. He also seems to have been known as "Colonel" George Mc- 
Donald, indicating he might have had that rank in the local militia. 

Why lawyer McDonald abandoned his lucrative profession in Somer- 
ville and went to Indiana does not appear from any record, but (as noted, 
ante p. 9) it is certain that Judge Blackford, his prospective son-in-law. 
induced him to migrate to that new State, which was then rapidly filling 
up with citizens under conditions that developed a large amount of busi- 
ness for active lawyers. Going there in the latter part of the year 1S19 
he must have opened an office at Vincennes, the residence of Judge Bl; 
ford, saw his daughter married to the Judge in the Spring oi 18 jo. and 
then died September 2, 1820. Less than a month later his son Samuel 5.. 
twelve years of age, died, and the following Spring (on May 30, 1821 
there followed him his daughter Caroline, wife of Judge Blackford, age 
nineteen years. So it is evident that whatever plans he had in mind for a 
professional life in Indiana failed to mature, and at fifty-two years of age, 
at the height of his physical and mental powers, his life work was ended. 



Historical and Other Comments 75 

We are indebted to Mr. H. A. Condit, of Terre Haute, Ir.d., the 
descendant of a half-sister of Judge Blackford, for securing the dates just 
named from the cemetery in Vincennes, which he visited in November, and 
where he found three tombstones, each erected by Judge Blackford, and 
bearing the Judge's initials at the top in scroll work, reading as follows : 

"Memory of Mrs. Caroline Blackford, consort of Isaac Blackford, who died 

May 30th, 182 1, in the 20th year of her age." 

"Memory of George McDonald, who died Sept. 2nd. 1820. aged 52 years." 
"Memory of Samuel S. McDonald, son of George and Sarah McDonald, who 

died Sept. 30th, 1820, in the 13th year of his age." 

In his letter to the writer Mr. Condit adds : 

"The lot upon which the Colonel is buried lies within a stone's throw 
of the last resting place of Col. Francis Vigo, whom yon no doubt know 
was an Indian trader, and through whose means and friendliness with 
the Indians in the vicinity of Vincennes it was made possible for the 
Americans under Col. Clark to take and hold Vincennes and the Wabash 
Valley against the English during the Revolutionary War." 

The widow, Sarah, must have immediately returned to New J 
after the deaths of her husband and of their son Samuel Swan, at Vincen- 
nes, Indiana, as, on Jan. 26, 182 1, she had a daughter, Anna Swan, bap- 
tised at Bound Brook, and on May 15, 1821, as the "widow" of George 
McDonald, she made a conveyance of ten acres in Bridgewater township, 
Somerset Co., to Timothy Ranton. Prior to 1823, when her father, 
Judge Jacob DeGroot, made his will (Somerset Wills, Book E, p. 
519), she must have married again, as the will speaks of "my danghter 
Sarah, now the wife of Tobias Boudnot" (Boudinot). probably the lawyer 
of that name. What became of her or the children afterward we have not 
yet ascertained. 

As to the children of George McDonald, it would seem that there 
were at least twelve. Snell's brief sketch states that, by his second wife, 
he had "some seven or more children." In the will of his father, Major 
Richard, a grandson, Richard, is mentioned. In Judge DeGroot's will a 
codicil revokes a bequest (which we cannot find in the original wilD to 
"my grandson George McDonald." Baptisms of the McDonald family 
were probably all had at Bound Brook, but the preserved record^ there are 
fragmentary. From all sources at hand we gather that it is probable these 
were McDonald's children : 

By his first wife, Margaret Perrine : ( 1 ) Daniel Perrine ; no further 
trace. (2) Maria, who died in infancy. By his second wife. Sarah De- 
Groot: (3) Caroline, bom about 1802, died at Vincennes, Indiana. May 
30, 1821 ; m. Judge Isaac Blackford. (4) Richard (supposed). (5) 
George. (6) Samuel Swan, b. about 1S0S; d. Sept. 2, 1820 .at Vtnceni 



76 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Indiana. (7) Sarah Henrietta, b. Feb. 26, 1810. (8) Alexander Camp- 
bell, b. Mar. 10, 1813; d. young. (9) Alexander Campbell (second), b. 
Oct. 5, 1814. (10) James Augustus, b. Jan. 23, 1817; bap. at Bound 
Brook. (11) Mary Swan, b. 1818; bap. at Bound Brook Jan. 5, 1819. ( 12) 
Anna Swan (b. after Mr. McDonald's death) ; bap. at Bound Brook Jan. 
26, 182 1. 

Washington Rock Park Memorial 

We present as a frontispiece to this number two views, one exterior and 
one interior, of the Washington Rock Park Lodge, which was completed 
about April last under the superintendence of the Washington Rock Park 
Commission, established by direction of the Legislature of this State 
(authority given by P. L. 191 3, p. 224) and appointed by Governor Fielder 
on May 12, 1913. The names of the Commissioners appointed were: 
Mrs. Frederick G. Mead, Mrs. John T. Harman, Mrs. Charles W. Mc- 
Cutchen, Mr. Percy H. Stewart and Mr. William J. Buttfield— all of 
North Plainfield and Plainfield, — and, also, the Adjutant-General of the 
State and the Commissioner of Roads. 

As will be recalled from a previous note on the subject published in 
the Quarterly for July, 1913 (Vol. I. p. 236), the Continental Chapter; 
D. A. R., of Plainfield, first moved in the matter of placing a suitable 
memorial on Washington Rock, the same, with ten acres of adjoining 
woodland, having been purchased by Mr. Charles W. McCutchen, of North 
Plainfield, with a view to its preservation from destruction by prospective 
stone-crushing buyers, and it being understood that Mr. McCutchen would 
transfer the title to the property to the Society or to some trustees in trust, 
as a free gift, if with the assurance that plans for the preservation of 
the Rock would be carried out. The matter coming before the Con- 
tinental Chapter it decided to erect some monument on the spot and to con- 
nect the two Rocks with solid masonry. This was done in 1912 at an 
expenditure of over $3,000, and both the monument, which is a stone 
cairn surmounted by a high flagstaff, and the connecting masonry alluded 
to, prove the satisfactory efficiency with which the Chapter performed it? 
work. Besides the fine platform on the line of masonry connecting the 
Rocks, there is a high background of rubble work, the platform of which. 
is even with the top of the hill on which the Rocks are located. A long 
stone bench fronts the rubble wall where visitors may be seated. The 
view from this point, as is well known, extends for many miles o\^: 
valley, and as far to the east as Staten Island. On a clear day the ra 
of view is superb, even taking in the Woolworth building and other 
buildings in New York City. 

On the face of the cairn a bronze tablet was placed in which, in \i 
raised letters, are the following words : 



Historical and Other Comments j-j 



From this Rock 

GENERAL GEORGE WASHINGTON 

Watched the Movements of 

the British Forces 

During the Anxious Months 

of May and June, 1777 



Erected by 

The Continental Chapter 

Daughters of the American Revolution 

and the People of 

Plainfield and North Plain field 

1912 

"Lest We Forget" 

After this praiseworthy action by the Continental Chapter, the original 
idea was broadened, and the State was asked to take over the Park, a bill 
for that purpose being introduced by Senator Smalley, of Somerset County. 
As a result, the Legislature of 1913 empowered the Governor to appoint 
the Commission (which was done as previously stated), and granted an 
appropriation of $5,000, to be used to acquire lands adjoining "not to 
exceed one hundred acres," and "to take over, care for, keep, improve, 
maintain and develop the said lands as a public park in commemoration and 
appreciation of the importance of the events transacted in said locality dur- 
ing the Revolutionary War." 

After the passage of this Act Mr. McCutchen made a free deed of 
the land to the State of New Jersey, and enough more was purchased 
to make the whole tract consist of ninety-seven acres. Proceeding 
under their authority the Commission, in 191 4, erected what is 
known as "The Lodge," to be occupied by a care-taker, and also for the 
use of the public, at a cost of about $4,600. The architect was Mr. Henry 
Keith White, of Plainfield, who very generously donated his plans. That 
the building is, architecturally and otherwise, a real success, the illustra- 
tions of our frontispiece show. Within, the furniture of the tea room 
(which is and will be used as such by the visiting public), consisting almost 
entirely of antique pieces purchased in New Jersey, was given by the Con- 
tinental Chapter. There have also been other valuable gifts oi antique 
articles. All is plain, but in excellent taste. The idea, consistently carried 
out in the whole building, has been to give to the present generation a pic- 
ture of the simple life of the country farm house of Colonial days, as well 
as to provide a comfortable and attractive spot to any visitor, who may 
desire a cup of tea or an hour's rest. (As a matter of fact, if visitors give 
sufficient notice, by telephone or otherwise, to the care-taker or his wife, a 
more substantial luncheon will be prepared at almost any time. Tea is 
always served from 3 to 6 P. M.). 

The plans for the future development of the Park, as suggested by Mr. 
Charles W. Leavitt, who laid out the Palisades Park, and who went over 
the ground about two years ago, include a tennis court or two, a baseball 



yS Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

diamond for small boys, one or two rustic shelters, or summer houses, at 
viewpoints, and an open, out-door fireplace, where picnic parties can pre- 
pare hot lunches. It is not the intention of the Commission to have simply 
a usual, formal and local Park, but rather a playground and breathing- 
place for the people at large. 

It now remains for the public to appreciate this valuable asset to Som- 
erset County and to the State by visiting it whenever opportunity offers. 

Some Conewago, Pa., Marriages 

The following register of marriages, performed by Rev. George G. 
Brinckerhoff while pastor of the Reformed Dutch Church of Conewago, 
Pa., was some years ago in possession of Mr. John M. Brinckerhoff, of 
Moravia, N. Y., and was loaned to the late Rev. David D. Demarest, D. 
D., of New Brunswick. The publication of these few marriages, some of 
them being of persons from Somerset County, may well supplement the 
Conewago records as published in the last number of the Quarterly. 
This record of marriages has been kindly furnished to the Quarterly by 
Miss Mary A. Demarest, of New Brunswick. 

Nov., 1789, William Hollingshead to Nelly Jewel. 

Nov. 24, 1789, Henry J. Van Dyke to Polly Biggar. 

Jan. 11, 1790, William Loury (?) to Elisabeth Boulton," wid'w. 

Jan. 26, 1790, Jacob Laboyteaux to Ann Ammerman. " 

Feb. 3, 1790, Hezekiah Hoogteeling to Geertie Demorest. 

Feb. 9, 1790, Abraham De Graaf to Magdalina Van Zant. 

March 23, 1790, Cornelius Bodine to Annatie Fonteyn. 

Nov. 9, 1790, Isaac Hulick to Maria Monfort. 

Feb. 10, 1 791, Jeftha Wilkins to Elisabeth Hulick, widow. 

March 8, 1791, Jacob Smock to Lamia Van Aertsdalen. ^, 

May 2, 1 791, John Coshun to Anna Monfort. 

May 3, 1791, Abraham Hagaman to Elisabeth Middag. 

Aug. 16, 1791, James Maggee to Elisabeth Hoogteeling. 

Nov. 24, 1 791, Henry Snap to Idah Hoogland, widow of Martin 

' Nevis. 
March 6, 1791 (1792?), Peter Van Aertsdalen to Geertie Van Aerts- 
dalen, widow of Peter Monfort 
March 13. 1792, Daniel Stagg to Maria Cowenoover. 
Feb. 6, 1793. Robert Graved to Rachel Kipp. 
April, 1793, James Fonteyn to Sally Fonteyn. 

Some Recent Local Events 

A loss to the Somerset County Historical Society and to the County 
was occasioned on Oct. 9th last by the death of Rev. Samuel Parry, form- 
erly pastor of the Presbyterian church of Pluckemin. He died at his home 
in Somerville, where he resided after the termination of his pastorate in 
1906. Mr. Parry had just passed his three score and ten. Oi Quaker 
ancestry, a graduate of Yale, where he took a prominent part in athletics 



Historical and Other Comments 79 

owing to his then great physical vigor, he entered the ministry in 1873, 
after theological courses in Princeton and Union, and from that year until 
1906 was pastor at Pluckemin. Of his unusual lengthy and useful service 
as Stated Clerk of the Presbytery of Elizabeth (from 1888 to 191 5 ), and 
of his record as pastor at Pluckemin, the newspapers of the County gave 
sympathetic report, but less was said of him as an historian. He alv.a\ I 
took an interest in local historical matters, and, by much correspondence 
and close attention to details, became familiar with numberless facts, 
especially concerning the vicinity of Pluckemin, which served a good pur- 
pose when, as was frequently the case, he wrote articles bearing on sub- 
jects within his knowledge to the local newspapers. He also prepared and 
published in 1901 a. monograph on his Pluckemin church, a most valuable 
work of seventy-two pages, and wrote for the Quarterly. 

The old Presbyterian church of Lamington celebrated its 175th anni- 
versary on October 27th. This church dates its origin to 1740, when the 
first church building was erected, but it is quite certain that religious ser- 
vices were held there, if an organization was not actually effected, at an 
earlier date. The pastors of this church were, in many instances, noted 
ones. Rev. James McCrea, first pastor, served for 26 years; Rev. Jere- 
miah Halsey 10 years; Rev. William Boyd 23 years; Rev. Enoch Burt 3 
years; Rev. Horace Galpin 11 years; and Rev. Dr. William Blauvelt 62 
years. These six pastors covered all the time from 1740 to 1880, except 
a brief year and a half during the Revolution, when the noted Xew York 
divine, Rev. Dr. John Rodgers, occupied the pulpit as a stated supply. 
McCrea, Halsey and Boyd were strong men, but no one made a greater 
impress upon the community as a preacher of the pure Gospel and as a 
teacher of the young than Dr. Blauvelt, of whom the Quarterly expects 
to say more in a future number. Since 1888 Rev. Dr. John T. Kerr, now 
the accomplished pastor of the Third Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth, 
Rev. Dr. J. Garland Hamner, since deceased, Rev. Leslie M. Conner. Rev. 
Henry Merle Mellen, now of Atlantic City, Rev. Dr. John T. Scott, now 
of Jeffersonville, Pa., and others have come and gone, and each lias left his 
mark of toil and success. The present pastor is the Rev. Henry C. Sper- 
beck, who has been recently called. Lamington did well to celebrate, and, 
while, as in the case of all similar country churches, it cannot be said to 
be in its palmiest days, it is a grand church still. 

Referring to the Lamington church pastorate reminds us that the 
days of long pastorates in Somerset are not altogether past. In April last 
the Neshanic Reformed church celebrated the 40th anniversary oi the pas- 
torate of Rev. John Hart. This church excels most others in the feu- 
pastors it has had since its organization in 1752. or rather since it had tor 
a pastor the Rev. William R. Smith, who began to minister there in 1; 



80 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

He continued as pastor for 23 years. Then followed Henry Polhemus, 
10 years; Peter Labagh, 12 years; Gabriel Ludlow, 57 years, and John 
Hart, 40 years, the last two pastorates bidding fair to round a full century. 
At last the "Old Dutch Parsonage" in Somerville, known as the "Har- 
denbergh House," but actually built by Rev. John Frelinghuysen in 175 1, 
and which was carefully removed by ex-Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen 
to a spot farther west something over a year ago in order to preserve it, 
has been put in habitable shape again, and houses the new pastor of the 
Third Reformed church of Raritan, Rev. J. A. Lumley. The particulars 
of this parsonage were given in a preceding Quarterly (Vol. II, p. 173), 
and it is pleasant now to note that its "passing" is not yet to tbe chronicled. 

A Colonial Marriage License 

A good sample of the character of the marriage licenses issued while 
New Jersey was a colony is the following, dated 174 1, issued by Governor 
Lewis Morris, permitting "George Yroom of the County of Middlesex" 
and "Charity Dumont, of Somerset County, Spinster," to be married. 
The ceremony was performed, as would appear, by John Van Middles- 
worth, who was one of the Judges of the County of Somerset. The 
George Vroom named was the father of Colonel Peter D. Vroom and the 
grandfather of Governor Peter D. Vroom. 

"By his Excellency, Lewis Morris, Esq., Captain, General and Gove:: 
in Chief in and over his Majesty's Province of New Jersey and 
Territories therein depending in America, and Vice Admiral of the 
same, etc. 
"To any Protestant Minister: 

"Whereas there is a mutual purpose of the Marriage between George 
Vroom of the County of Middlessex, yoeman, as the one party, and 
Charity Dumont, of Somerset County, Spinster, as the other party, for 
which they have desired my license and given bond upon condition that 
neither of them have any lawful set or impediment of pre-contract, affinity 
or consanguinity to hinder their being joined in the holy bond of Matri- 
mony: These are therefore to authorize and empower you to joyn the 
said George Vroom and Charity Dumont in holy bonds of matrir. 
and then to pronounce them man and wife. 

"Given under my hand and Prerogative seal at Perth Amboy, the 
twenty-fifth day of January, in the fifteenth year of the reign of our 
Lord George the Second, by Grace of God of Great Britain, France and 
Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, Anno Domini one thousand seven 
hundred and forty one (1741)- 

"Entered in the Secretary's office. LEWIS MORRIS. 

"Thomas Barlow, See 'v." 
,[On the margin of the page is writteni : 
"George Vroom and Charity Dumont are pronounced man and wife 
this fourth day of February, 1741, by me, John V. Middies worth, as one 
of his Majesty's Justices of the County of Somer-et." 



; V— No. 2 



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APRIL, 1916 



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Van Dor en Honeyman 

Pl&mfxelcL New Jersey 



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publication Committee 



A. Van Doren Honey man 
Alexander G. Anderson 
Joshua Doughty, Jr. 



I Ion, James J- Bergen 

John F. Reger 

M?s. William W. Soi&lley 



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Somcrviile, New Jersey 

Somerset County Historical Society 

PuMishero 



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REVOLUTIONARY HOUSES— FENNER HOUSE, PLUCKEMIN \ 

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REVOLUTIOXARV HOUSES— LORD STIRLING HOUSE, BASKING RIDGE 



Contents 



PAGE 



The Famous Frelinghuysen Controversy. By Rev, V/illiam Stockton 

Cranmer, D. D. - - - - 81 

Some Interesting GHmpses of Early Dutch Ancestors. By John . uaf.e 89 
Military Operations in Somerset County in 1777 (Concluded). 

John J. De Moit - -------- r^r 

The Pension Secured for "Aunt Polly" Kinnan. By Rev. Oscar J 

Voorhees, D. D. - - - - - 1 - - - 100 
The History of an Old Inn. By Hon. James J. Bergen - 108 

Franklin Township Historical Notes (Continued). By the late Judge 

Ralph Voorhees - - - 115 

Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families from the Editor* i 

Note-Book - -- - - - - - - -119 

Gaston Family Lines of Somerset. By Mrs. Anna Reger Gaston - 125 
Notes on the Wyckoff Family (Continued). By F. Wyckoff J 34 

The South Mtddlebush Graveyard. By Jacob Wyckoff - -140 

Readington Church Baptisms from 1720 (Continued;. By Rev. b. V. 

D. Wyckoff - - - - - - - - - 14.; 

First Reformed Church, Rariten (Somerville) Baptisms '(Continued) 147 
Somerset County Marriages — 1795-1879 (Continued) - - - 150 
Historical Notes and Comments - - - - - - -151 

Some Notes about judge John Bryan — The Fenner House at 

Pluckemin — The Hunterdon County Historical Society — De 

of Rev. Dr. William H. DeHart— The Lord Stirling House 

Illustration. 
Department of Notes and Queries - - - - - - -156" 

Baron Steuben — -Lamington Church Farm — Van Dyke-Beekm 
" — : Talmage — Van. Lieu- Wyckoff- Voorhees — The Coejeman 

House — McDonald-McPike — Bergen-Proba-co — Blackford- 

Coon. 



Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



This magazine of local history, biography and genealogy, relating 
for the present exclusively to Somerset County, New Jersey, will be of 
eighty pages quarterly, issued in January, April, July and October. 

Subscription price $4.co per year, payable strictly in advance. 

Address all subscriptions and payments for same to the Treasurer. 
Alexander G. Anderson, Somerville, New Jersey. 

Address all communications respecting articles in the Quarter!, y to 
the Editor,., 4. Van Dorcn Honey man t Plain Meld, New Jersey, 
r' Published by the 

SOMERSET COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

SoMEKViLLF, \\ J. 



Entered of the Post Office at Somerx'ille, ,V. /., as seccvJ cU^rj nzU matter. 



SOMERSET COUNTY 

HISTORICAL QUARTERLY 



Vol. 5 Somerville, New Jeksey, April, i 9 i 6. No. 2 



THE FAMOUS FRELINGHUYSEN CONTROVERSY x 

BY REV. WILLIAM STOCKTON CRANMER, D. D. SOMERVILLE, X. J. 

One of the bitterest controversies that ever disturbed the peace of the 
Dutch church in this country centered about the person and work of 
the great pioneer preacher in these parts, whose name is now honored 
more than that of any other among us, and in whose memory the pulpit 
in the First Reformed church in Somerville has been erected. 

Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen was a veritable John the Baptist — 
his voice the voice of one crying in the wilderness ; his spirit a burning 
and a shining light. Rough were the ways in which he walked, and harsh 
were the experiences which he was called upon to encounter; but t" 
only served to enkindle his zeal the more and more brightly to cause him 
to flame as a witness for Jesus Christ. 

The troubles which arose upon his ministry and never ended until his 
earthly work was done, began as soon as he had entered upon the a re 
of the associated churches to which he had been called. This was so long 
ago, and the issues which were then raised having long since been fought 
to a finish, we may safely review the whole controversy, and, in the mood 
of tolerant interest, learn the truth of the matter. That old quarrels will 

1 It was while reading Mr. Justice Bergen's delightful and comprehensive ai 
on "The 'Rebellion' at Raritan in 1723," in previous numbers of the Quarterly 
(Vol. Ill, pp. 173. 241), that the writer was reminded of an address upon the same 
general topic delivered before the Raritan Ministerial Association something like 
twelve years ago. That address was derived from the same general sources, but 
was based on a slightly different view-point. It was designed not so much to 
record all the facts of the controversy as to present certain impressions received 
from an extensive reading of the same; and if these impressions shall prove o! any 
value to persons still puzzled over this remarkable religious controversy in our 
County, extending over so long a period, they are welcome to them; but this article 
should be considered as supplementary, and in this sense only, to the admirable 
account of the "Rebellion"' previously referred to.— Note by AUTROft. 

6 



82 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

be revived and long-buried ecclesiastical feuds resurrected we need have- 
no fear. 

In a general way the older historians who have written upon this 
matter have been able to present the gist of it fairly and e ff ect i vely. But 
the official particulars have, for the most part, lain hidden among the 
archives of the Classis of Amsterdam in Holland. This Classis was at 
that time our governing superior, having charge of all the religious work 
attempted in these parts. To it all reports were made ; from it all direc- 
tions emanated. The American church was not yet. 

A few years ago the Rev. Dr. E. T. Corwin was commissioned to 
translate this voluminous Amsterdam correspondence (or at least such 
parts of it as relate to American interests), and provision was made by 
the State of New York for its publication. The third and fourth volumes 
of this splendid work contain much that should be especially interesting 
to the people of this section. Chiefly we have the documents and decisions 
relating to the Raritan controversy ; and it may throw some light upon the 
situation to note, in passing, that these occur among the papers of the 
classical Committee of Foreign Affairs, the churches of the Raritan dis- 
trict being coupled with those of Archangel, Surinam, Batavia and various 
East Indian missionary outposts, or lumped together under the head of 
Indian Affairs. 

At the time when Domine Frelinghuysen entered upon his work 
(1720) several congregations had already been assembled, with their 
respective consistories regularly constituted and their houses of worship 
built and paid for. There existed a keen love for the church as an insti- 
tution, a sincere regard for the forms of religion as such ; but of evangel- 
ical piety, as we understand it, and the personal experience of a spiritual 
Christianity there seems to have been little or none. 

Almost the first thing which the newly settled pastor did was to ful- 
minate against this spiritual coldness, and seek to arouse in the hearts 
of his hearers something of the same zeal which consumed him. Evi- 
dently it was to them a new style of preaching, and to some a most un- 
welcome one. They had thought of their minister as a church official, 
but not as an evangelist; as a functionary, hut not as a soul->aver. 
None had a more sincere respect for the church than they; but things had 
evidently come to a pretty pass when religion sought to invade the sphere 
of private life! And so they burned with indignation at. the preacher. 

Among the heinous sins of which he was presently accused we find 
the following: That he used language ill becoming a minister, both in 
the pulpit and in his pastoral visitations, frequently indulging in severe 
and bitter denunciations to the effect that they were all unconverted ; that 
he had dared to exhort other ministers to greater faith and works, had 



The Famous Frelinghuysen Controversy &$ 

criticized them publicly and privately, and had thus alienated their sup- 
port, bringing discredit upon the holy office; that he had assumed a dic- 
tatorial spirit, especially in the matter of disciplining offenders, as if 
none but he were intelligently capable, and his enlightenment of a superior 
quality; that he had written a doggerel on the back of his sleigh, in which 
he openly boasted that none could make him other than he was; that he 
administered the communion very curiously, permitting some to' remain 
sitting instead of requiring that they should stand, beckoning to some 
others to come forward and partake, refusing the bread and wine to still 
others, and even going so far as to give the wine first and then the bread ; 
that he had not said "Amen" after baptizing a certain child ; that he had 
forbidden certain parents to teach their children the Lord's Prayer; that 
he had shown favoritism, had rebuked and insulted some old men who 
came to the catechizing, and had been guilty of lying — for what else but 
lies could they call his soul-destroying doctrines? 

These charges, together with others more or less relevant, were 
vigorously circulated among the disaffected ones of the four congrega- 
tions, and presently we find them confiding their troubles to the ministers 
of New York and Long Island. A division of sentiment ensued among 
these ministers, so that henceforth they became ranged on opposite sides 
of the controversy, some giving comfort and counsel to the complainants, 
and others going so far as to publish pamphlets in defense of Freling- 
huysen, and incidentally of themselves as having become involved in the 
quarrel. 

Meanwhile the four consistories of the Raritan church had cited cer- 
tain separatists as "Heads and Leaders" of the malcontents to appear 
before them. The charges were that they had circulated evil reports con- 
cerning the minister, had incited to secession and set up an opposing 
congregation. Three times these parties were cited, in documents signed 
by elders and deacons from each of the four congregations, and in the 
name of all. They were masterly documents, and we may congratulate 
ourselves that they have been found and preserved. On the face of 
them they bear witness to the spirit and strength of their author and to 
the loyalty of the good men whom he had drawn to his side. Technically 
they may be criticized — indeed they were criticized, both by the cited ones 
and by the Classis of Amsterdam, to which they were ultimately referred. 
But in comparison with the evasive arguments of the answer, which also 
has been preserved, and the small subterfuges to which the summoned 
ones were driven, they shine nobly and grandly forth. In them the 
churches of Raritan (now Somerviile, First), Six-Mile Run (Franklin 
Park), Three-Mile Run (New Brunswick) and North. Branch (now 
Readington) courteously address the peace-disturbers, who, it would seem, 



84 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

had set up some sort of rival worship in the neighborhood of Millstone 
(now Harlingen), exhorting them to have an end of strife, to come and 
make answer to the charges against them, to show forth repentance, and, 
if not, to take the consequences. Curiously enough the answer to this 
dignified, if somewhat irregular and severe summons, is addressed, not to 
the minister, nor to the Consistory, nor even to the churches, but to "Mr. 
Elbert Stoothoff and his Congregation/' Mr. StoothofI having acted mere- 
ly as clerk in the citation proceedings. This answer is presently enlarged 
into a volume of 146 printed pages, published and circulated by the recal- 
citrant members, and containing, in addition to the reply to the letters of 
citation, a lengthy preface, a lot of ironical verses, many complaints more 
or less relevant, and much gossip about the minister. A few copies of 
this odd book are yet in existence. In the archives of the General Synod 
there reposes also an English translation. The argument is too prolix 
and fine-spun to be of interest here, and is evidently the work of a shrewd 
lawyer named Boel, brother to the minister of that name in Xew York. 
In default of any ability of their own they were driven to consult and 
retain an outsider for the proper presentation of their case. 

Several allusions to Dominc Freeman of Long Island, Frelinghuy- 
sen's sponsor and always his firm friend, called forth a pamphlet from 
Freeman entitled a "Defense, " while Domine Van S ant ford, of Staten 
Island, also wrote a ''Dialogue" on the same subject. All of these docu- 
ments, together with numerous explanatory letters, were duly transmitted 
to Flolland, and in due time their authors were roundly rebuked. Free- 
men's "Defense'' is pronounced unsatisfactory and harmful; he is asked 
to explain how he dared to assume the prerogative of Classis and approve 
Frelinghuysen's published sermons. Van Santford fares no better: his 
book is criticized as neither orderly nor accurate; Classis is surprised that 
for a supposed insult he should go to so much trouble and expense. 
Frelinghuysen also is ordered to suppress the "Refutation" which he is 
said to be preparing for publication. In fact everybody gets rather badly 
scored, and it takes some little time and no end of letter-writing to make 
the dignified ecclesiastics on the other side of the ocean see that Freling- 
huysen and his friends did not deserve such a rating, and that they had 
entered into the controversy only with a view to quelling it. 

And all this time the scceders had been under the ban. the great ban 
of excommunication. Domine Frelinghuysen and his consistory had pro- 
nounced it, with what vigor we can only imagine, tor the documents are 
lacking. But they are terribly in earnest, and would not mince their 
words. And herein we may say lay the chief cattSC oi complaint 
(when the complaint came to be officially presented), that the church 



The Fatuous Frclinghuysen Controversy 85 

had been unncessarily harsh, and had exceeded its jurisdiction in ex- 
communicating its members. 

Brushing aside the numerous technicalities and trivial verbal criti- 
cisms which now result, we come to the specific matters in which the Cas- 
sis of Amsterdam requested Dominie Frclinghuysen to justify himself. 
They are seventeen in number; and since the complainants had been 
unnecessarily prolix and charged many things which are worthy of no 
attention, he is desired to confine himself to these only. 'Had he refused 
the communion for half a year to a certain communicant whose difficul- 
ties with a woman neighbor had been settled?' 'Yes, he had — to see if 
the reconciliation was sincere ; besides, the said person had cursed and 
quarrelled, and was not at all humbled by censure/ 'Had he departed 
from the church order in the election of a consistory, especially in the 
choosing of one Hendrick Fischer, etc. ?' 'No ; he had changed the mode, 
from the congregational to the consistorial ; that was all. As to the elec- 
tion of Fischer, it was done lawfully; to have failed to install him would 
have been yielding to Satan/ 'Had he without reason, and without the ad- 
vice of elders, suspended so-and-so?' 'He had suspended the woman in the 
presence of the elder, who had also rebuked her.' 'Had he demanded a new 
confession of faith from one who had a regular certificate of dismis- 
sion?' 'The second confession of faith, so called, was only an exam- 
ination; see xAxticle 61 of the Constitution.' 'Had he, when baptizing 
a child, failed to say '"Amen ;" and had he subsequently refused to receive 
the child's mother, although he had long held her certificate?' 'If it 
would please anybody he would gladly say "Amen ;" nevertheless he did 
not find that he was obliged to, either by Matt. 28, or the Formula. The 
certificate had been returned to the mother because she railed at the 
elders like a fishwoman. \\ 'hen asked if her Christianity consisted of her 
certificate, she answered, yes ; whereupon it was ordered that her Chris- 
tianity be returned to her.' 'Had he departed from the usage in the recep- 
tion of his brother-in-law into membership?' 'He had omitted reading 
his name in church, but not of set purpose; it was through forgetfulness.' 
'Had he forbidden parents to teach their children "Our Father?" "lie 
had not. But he had disapproved of reciting it by rote, without explan- 
ation of its sense, its power and its general import. Moreover, he was 
unwilling to encourage the Romish superstition which he found here 
so prevalent, that no prayer ought ever to be offered without the Lord's 
Prayer appended to it.' 'Had he said to the old men who came to the 
catechizing, that the old sinners came to oiler their corrupt selves to 
God?' 'Never; he had urged the youth to early piety, and said that if 
was indecent to sacrifice one's young life to Satan, the world and the 
flesh, with the idea of offering to God what was left o\ an unsavory 



86 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

age.' 'Had he winked or beckoned to certain people at the time of his 
administration of the Supper, and otherwise acted strangely?" Tie had 
beckoned to them to come forward, so that more would commune at one 
time, and the service not last so long.' 

But why rehearse any more of these matters? They are pretty much 
of a piece, and, from our point of view, not particularly weighty. At th* 
best they exhibit a condition of affairs much to be lamented. God's heri- 
tage is seen to be the field of strife, busybodies are alert for evil ; the 
pastor may not be without fault, but the spirit of malice can find in him no 
good. Nevertheless he is steadily forging on with his work, riding about 
from place to place, covering more territory than any man in this day 
thinks of doing, preaching sermons of tremendous vigor, publishing now 
and then a few of them, and constantly winning to the churches under 
his charge new adherents to the cause of a Biblical and spiritual Chris- 
tianity. Nor are there lacking those in other denominations who speak 
of his pungent expositions, his fervent exhortations, his vital piety : Gil- 
bert Tennant, of the Presbyterian church ; George \\ "hitefield, the famous 
evangelist ; President Jonathan Edwards — these are among the celebrated 
endorsers of his work, not to mention the many friends and comforters 
whom God raised up for him in Holland, and of whom he speaks in terms 
of warm affection. 

But the favor of such a man as Tennant only adds fuel to the flame 
of persecution. 'Frelinghuysen is a heretic; he has associated with a 
Presbyterian ; he has invited him to preach in the Dutch churches ; he is 
even represented as taking him as an assistant pastor.' Wherefore, more 
charges. 

When at last the Classis of Amsterdam delivers itself, Frelinghuysen 
is rebuked for his ''ungentle and bitter, common and exasperating expres- 
sions" concerning his adversaries. If imprudent things have been done 
by them, he cannot plead that he himself has been guiltless. Let him con- 
fess these things ; let him retract the irregular excommunications ; let him 
receive his accusers in the spirit of moderation and peace. The accusers. 
on their side, are to freely and penitently confess their rebellion (partic- 
ularly in seizing and seeking to close a church against their minister), ac- 
knowledge the orthodoxy of his teachings and the entire validity oi his 
ordination, and henceforth deport themselves lovingly and obediently to 
cne who is worthy of love and honor for his office* sake. Peace articles 
are accordingly prepared and read in the churches on successive Sundays. 
The pastor and his consistories concede practically everything, and in g 
eral behave most handsomely. They even agree that none but regularly or- 
dained ministers of the Dutch church shall preach in their pulpits ; but they 



The Famous Frelinghityscn Controversy 87 

peremptorily decline to promise, as the malcontents want them to promise, 
that the preaching shall always be in the Dutch language. 

Peace, however, is not yet to be effected; the'seceders want many 
things, and impossible; they declare that Frelinghuysen is insane; a new 
minister ought to be sent over. Once again visiting ministers appear upon 
the scene, seeking to establish among them a regular congregation; one 
of these is ''hired" by the Millstone (Harlingen) neighborhood; where 
there is no minister, sermons are read in public ; the people cannot bear 
the thought of being longer ostracized ; they want to worship in their own 
churches ; they want to meet again with their neighbors and friends. But 
pride is strong and personal animosity bitter, and they cannot bring them- 
selves to the point of reasonable yielding and a peaceful return to the fold. 

Before this is accomplished many years must yet drag along, many 
fruitless conferences be held, much tedious and inconsequent correspon- 
dence indulged, until the old Domine, not yet old in years, but worn out 
with herculean labors, hounded on every hand, persecuted of the very 
people whom he had come into the wilderness to serve, prostrated by 
frequent attacks of fever, bereft and broken-hearted in the loss of his 
children, yet rising again, and yet again, for the renewal of his mighty 
labors, at last lies down and enters into rest 

Deep mourning ensues ; a sense of profound loss prevails among the 
churches; a spirit of tenderness touches the hearts of even the rebellion- ; 
and the time is at last ripe for the establishment of the belated peace, 
under the leadership and direction of the Domine's beloved son, John 
Frelinghuysen. 

But before I come to this, it is well to note something of the changes 
which the years had wrought, and to remind ourselves that these matters 
thus- hastily rehearsed were not so petty as at first might appear, and that 
principles well worth contending for were at stake. 

At the beginning of his work in this country Frelinghuysen saw that 
a literal adherence to the church-order of Holland was neither desirable nor 
possible. This he explains, recounting the altered conditions of life in 
these parts, and with some humor indicating certain instances in which a 
slavish following of the ''Order'' would result in a situation simply 
ludicrous. He would observe the spirit of the constitution, but desired for 
himself a freer hand than would ordinarily be accorded in the homeland. 
Especially would it be unreasonable to continue the traditions and enforce 
the decisions of the Dutch church of Holland amid the English-speaking 
inhabitants of a country under the English rule. He doubted if this could 
be done. They were amenable to the laws of this country, and Mibject to 
its influences. 

Gradually the American spirit asserts itself; and this it i-, as much 



88 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

as anything else, which gives offense to the conservatives. They cannot 
conceive of any church judicatory other than the Classis of Amsterdam. 
They want all their ministers educated in Holland, and all ordinations at 
the hands of the constituted authorities on the other side of the ocean. 
The local consistory, they contend, has no right to administer discipline. 
The Dutch language is the only language, and the Dutch forms are the 
only valid ones. When, therefore, Frelinghuysen and his consistories 
advocate a Coetus, or American Classis; when they indorse the ordina- 
tions effected on American soil; when they assert and maintain for the 
local church the power of the keys; when the minister receives into his 
family young men in training for the gospel ministry; when the project 
of a college and theological seminary is openly discussed; when Presby- 
terians and Independents are admitted to the Raritan pulpits ; when the 
English language is freely employed; when formalism is set aside; when 
evangelistic methods are introduced ; when lay helpers are appointed to 
preach and visit in the congregations ; when, in a word, the old order 
perishes and the new is seen to be taking its place, nothing can satisfy 
these men of the past, churchless as they feel themselves to be and swept 
aside by the forward march of a changing civilization. In vain they are 
told of the inadequate supply of ministers from Holland, of the long delays, 
of the great expense, of the unwillingness of candidates to go over there, 
and of men from there to come over here ; in vain they are reminded of the 
consent to these new things wrung from the Classis of Amsterdam; in 
vain they see the defection of the people, flocking to hear English preach- 
ing and helping to support American institutions. They want the old, the 
purely formal, the State religion to which they had been accustomed, with 
its emphasis of church rights in the abstract rather than of piety in the 
concrete ; they want things as they were before this innovator came 
among them. 

Then the innovator dies and his son is chosen to take his place. Born 
in this country, he is thoroughly American. Educated and ordained in 
Holland, he meets in this, at least, the requirements of the disaffected. 
Moreover, he is "a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost." Somefa 
we know not precisely how, the long standing difficulty is laid before the 
now recognized American tribunal. The case is tried. The record is full 
and comprehensive. The decision is final. In effect it is that the diss< 
ing consistories are unlawful; but that out of six persons offered for 
purpose, Domine John Frelinghuysen and his consistories may choose 
two, one as elder and one as deacon, who shall be ordained to serve in the 
united congregations, and that those members of the schismatics who have 
been admitted by interloping ministers shall make a new conf< 
faith. 



Some Interesting Glimpses of Early Dutch Ancestors 89 

"In this way," says our ancient record, where the minute has been 
carefully preserved, "in this way these dissensions, which have lasted 
nearly thirty years, have been healed; and they who have arrogated to 
themselves the start- of a lawtul -eong rogation, and have been recognized 
as such and been strengthened in their course by teachers possessed of the 
spirit of Elymas, have now been pronounced unlawful. May our God 
now grant us peace \" 

This was in the month of September, 175 1. Henceforth the names 
of those who had mad- this long and bluer fight are found among the 
useful and honored of the. Reformed churches of the Karitan. The 
schism is healed. The reunion is complete. And although, in the further 
development of the counties of Somerset and Middlesex, the churches 
subsequently separate, finding their best interests promoted as independent 
congregations served by their own ministers, they are nevertheless 
tially one, working together harmoniously in the spirit of denominational 
loyalty and of love for the Church of Christ. 

And among those who most revere the memory of Theodore James 
Frelingbuysen. who profit most by his labors and stand staunchly for the 
support of the principles enunciated by him, are the descendants of those 
who, "for conscience sake," as they thought, withstood him to his face. 



SOME INTERESTING GLIMPSES OF EARLY DUTCH ANCESTORS 

BY JOHN NEAFIE, NEW YORK CITY 

There are in my possession two documents and three letters, written in 
the Dutch language prior to 1700, which ought to prove of peculiar inter- 
est to the large number of descendants of those whose names appear in 
these ancient papers. Such descendants are probably equally numerous in 
Somerset, Middlesex and Monmouth counties, but they are also scattered 
over the entire State of New Jersey, and, for that matter, throughout the 
United States. 

Roelof Martense Schenck, who was born at Amcrsfoort, Utrecht, 
Holland, supposedly about 1630, * and who came to New Amsterdam 
(New York City) with his brother Tan Martense and sister Annetjc in 
1650, and in 1661 settled at Flatlands (now a part of Brooklyn), has the 
well-deserved reputation of being the ancestor, through both male and 
female lines, of more of the early Dutch families in Monmouth com 

1 In two Schenck ancestry books, one by A. I). Schenck. of the I*. S. Army, 
published in i<\S;,, and one by B. R. Schenck. published in 1911, and also in beck- 
man's "Early Settlers of Monmouth County," published in 1901, Roelofs birth. 
is given as 1619, but without stating any authority. It is most improbabk 
Roelof had an earlier wife than has been made known. 



90 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

where two of his three sons settled, than almost any other one Dutch pro- 
genitor. Besides Schencks, hundreds of families bearing Smock, Vander- 
veer, Hendrickson, Covenhoven, Conover, Wyckoff, Van Doren, Voorhees, 
etc., surnames, by descent or intermarriage, manage somehow to get back 
to this Roelof as a forbear or connection. One of Roelof's daughters, 
Jannetje (written "J omca " m h* s will) married Peter Nevius, son of the 
original Nevius emigrant to America, and through this Peter and his wife 
Jannetje all who bear the Nevius surname in this country descend. 

Roelof Martense Schenck died prior to Aug. 3, 1705, when his will 
was probated in New York City (Surrogate's Wills, Book 7, p. 309). He 
was then, perhaps, about seventy-five years of age, and was three times 
married. He waited, apparently, to the unusual age of thirty before he 
married (in 1660) Neeltje Gerritse Van Cowenhoven, daughter of Ger- 
rit Wolfertse Van Cowenhoven, whose father, Wolfert, was the common 
ancestor in America of all the Cowenhovens and Conovers. She was 
nineteen years of age, but lived only until about 1674. By her he had six 
children. In 1675 Roelof married Annatje Pieterse Wyckoff, probably 
the daughter of Pieter Claesen Wyckoff, the first American ancestor of 
the WyckofT family. She also lived about a dozen years, and by her 
Roelof had four children. Then, on Nov. 9, 1688, Roelof married Cat- 
arina Cregier, widow of Christoffel Hooglandt, Sr., who was several times 
a Schepen in Amsterdam and prominent in city affairs. This Catarina 
was then forty-five years of age. The ten children mentioned grew up 
and married into the families of Brinckerhoff, Voorhees, Terhune, Nevius, 
Hageman and Cowenhoven. (Bergen's "Early Settlers oi Kings County," 
p. 254; Beekman's ''Early Dutch Settlers of Monmouth," p. 11, etc.). 

Acknowledgment of Indebtedness in 1662 

Having said this much about Roelof Martense Schenck, in order to 
give readers not familiar with the lines of Schenck descent an idea oi who 
he was, I will quote in full the first document in hand, which bears Roe- 
lof's own signature, and is interesting not only from its early date (1662), 
but as throwing light upon the manner in which obligations were drawn 
in New Amsterdam at that early period. The original, which is pert. 
preserved in small, but clear, Dutch handwriting, as translated for the 
writer by a competent Holland translator, is as follows : 

"Obligation owed by Rulcft Marttenssen 

T the undersigned, Roelof Martens, living in the village oi Amers- 
foort on Long Island, acknowledge herewith for myself and my hoi: 5 
owe ready and good to Mr. Nicolaes de Mayer, a sum of three hundred 
and seventy-live guilders, on account of several goods oi merchandise and 
for cash received by me heretofore from the same Mayer, namely, that 
what has remained after straightening of accounts; and I promise and 



Some Intcrcsiij Glimpses of Early Dutch Ancestors 91 

agree for this reason that 1 will pay these three hundred and seventy-five 
guilders with wheat and rye without charging costs of storage; the wheat 
against five guilders and the rye against four guilders the schepel [bushel], 
here in the city, on or before the first of February of the year sixteen hun- 
dred and sixty-three. Hut herein is not included what according to another 
obligation I have owed and yet owe in part to the same Mayer for myself 
and my brother Jan, which after the discount, which has nothing to do 
with this, 1 shall have to pay also. 

"For the sake of acknowledgment I have written this and signed with 
my hand at Amsterdam in N. Netherland, the 26th of August, 1662. 

Roelof Martexsen Sciie[xck]. 
"Recorded before me, 

"Salomon Laciiaire, 
"Not. Fubl. 1662." 
[Endorsed] : "On date I Nicolaes d'Meyer acknowledge to have 
straightened up accounts with Ruliff Marttenssen covering all which was 
clue to me up to date, but seven schepels winter-wheat and 3*4 pound 
butter, obligation of which has been drawn up, which is in my possession. 
"Ao, 1664, 23 April. Nicolaes d'Meyer." 

It will be observed from the foregoing that Roelof's co-immigrant 
brother Jan is therein mentioned. He also settled in Flatlands (calkd 
Amersfoort when the document was written), and married Jannetje 
Stevense Van Voorhees. lie had eight children, but died as early, prob- 
ably, as 1689. The paper was written by and duly recorded before Sal- 
omon Lachaire, who was once a tavern keeper, then a notary and attorney, 
and a general stirrer up of strife in New Amsterdam, as the early city 
records prove. He died two years later (1664). The Nicolaes D'Meyer 
with whom the obligation was entered into was later (1676) mayor o\ 
New York City, under the English, and he held a number of other 
offices. Roelof's signature is, unfortunately, incomplete, the three last 
letters of the surname being torn off in the original. 

Letter from Holland to Roelof M. Schexck. 167 i 

The next old paper is still more interesting than the foregoing agree- 
ment, because it is an actual letter sent to Roelof from two of his neigh- 
bors and friends who had possibly emigrated with him from Holland to 
New Amsterdam, but who had, in 1671, returned to Holland on a visit, 
where, from Zwolle, they wrote the letter. The full letter will be given 
first, and some comments thereon afterward: 

"To the honond and discrete Roelof Mar tense Schenck residing on the 

Bay on Long Island, in New England. 

"At Zwol, the 2nd oi April. New Style, 167 1. 

"Good friend, Roelof Martens: We let you know that we are yet 
strong and healthy; hope that this is the same with you altogether; were 
it otherwise we would be sorry at heart to hear it. 



92 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

"Further, I must write you that we have arrived well. The ship, 
however, has been six weeks and three days in sea, and has stayed in 
England for a whole month. But we left England overland and arrived 
before 'Texel/ the ship, lost the foremast and an anchor, but God the 
Lord saved the ship. Thank God, we have transported our goods safely, 
but we had a hard journey as far as eating and drinking were concerned. 
When we had been in sea 3 weeks the oatmeal was up and the butter, and 
there was nothing but peas three times a day. If we had had nothing 
of our own, we would have suffered scarcity. 

"Further, I let you know that we have cashed the money of the bill 
of exchange of Jan Martens, but with great difficulty and loss. We have 
dropped fully 50 guilders. They said there was no interest due; their 
brother might have arrived and the money was lying ready ; we also had to 
find two securities. If it had not been for Jan Marten's sake, we would 
have returned the bill of exchange. But that is past now. 

"Further, have I handed some goods to Willem of Pieter Cornelis 
and also letters, which I hope will be handed to you. 

"Further, I do not know what to write, except that they are very 
busy here enlisting men for the army on foot, on horse and on water, and 
there is much talk about war with France. Time will tell what it will 
please God to give us. The Bishop of Minister also mobilizes, but I 
cannot write this so as it is, indeed. 

"Further, my hearty wish is that my Jan was with me, and I request 
him not to stay there, unless he makes me sore at heart. Roelof Martens 
I beg you kindly to do your best to promote his departure. We will 
straighten things up later. 

"Please tell Koert Stevens that we have done our best to cash his 
cheque, but the guardian answered me that the money could not be realized 
unless he gave security and this he did not want to do. But he who is 
entitled to it must come and get it himself, at least in the case of these 
50 guilders. In case of the six hundred guilders it makes difference. 

"If our Jan is still there, let him try to take two or more tortoise 
with him, or some other animals (the skull has drawn so much curiosity 
that it was almost too much), or a squirrel. But I hope he is already 
on his way, and may God give him a safe journey. 

"Roelof Martens, please say to Antony, the liquor dealer, that his 
bill of exchange will not avail, for the man has nothing; his sister has 
to support him. Our Jan must not receive power of attorney from any- 
body, for it gives great trouble and even then there is no result. I have 
had my trouble with that small bill of Koert, and have made a trip for it 
from Zwol to Amsterdam, because the man told me to come back another 
time. 

"Now I do not know what more to write you. 

"Don't forget to write back on all these matters, and if you might 
wish something write that to me or to any of the friends. 

"Now, no more than a thousand times good night, and all the friends 
and neighbors together a thousand times good night. 

"THEUNES I [iLLEBJLANTS 
"SWAENTIEN HkndRICK 

"Vour Friends. 



Some Interesting Glimpses of Early Dutch Ancestors 93 

"Tell to Barent and Gerret Remitters, please, that I have delivered 
their letters and added the new address, but I have not yet heard anything." 

The inditing clause of this letter, as in the case of the two letters to 
follow (that which is printed in italics) was, according to the custom of 
the day, endorsed on the outside of the letter sheet, and not placed at the 
head of the letter, as is the usage to-day. 

Theunis Hillebrants also bore the name of Van Dyckhuys, as appears 
by various New York records. He and his wife certainly resided in Flat- 
lands from 1661 to 1671, so he must have been visiting Holland when the 
letter was written. He had a son, Jan Theunise Van Dyckhuys, who 
married a daughter of Elbert Elbertse StOOthofF. It is known that Jan 
also visited Holland and returned on the same vessel with the Labadists, 
Dankers and Sluyter, in 1679. Theunis Hillebrants is called Thomab 
(Tomis) in some of the old records. 

Barent and Gerret Remmers, mentioned in the postscript, were also 
residents of Flatlands, the latter being the ancestor of the Gerretson 
family of Gravesend, some of whose members moved to New Jersey. 

Koert Stevens is Koert (frequently spelled Coert) Stevense Van 
Voorhees, who emigrated from Holland in 1660 with his father, Steven 
Koert (the ancestor of all bearing the name of Voorhees, Van Voork 
etc., in America). Koert married a Van Cowenhoven and was the pro- 
genitor of hundreds now bearing that name. 

The "Bay" was another name for Flatlands, which was located on 
Jamaica Bay. It is interesting to note that Long Island is stated to be 
"in New England." 

Neither "Peter Cornelis" (there were many of the name at the time) 
nor "Antony, the liquor dealer," can now be certainly identified. 

The insight the letter gives as to the difficulties of reaching Holland. 
the troubles of exchange, the talk of war with France (which actually 
began the next year — 1672 — and lasted six years), and the delightful "a 
thousand times good night," repeated a second time, add charming touches 
to this letter of close and endeared friends. The reference to the pro- 
posed trip of Flillebrant's son Jan to Holland may not be so clearly under- 
stood, but may it not mean that the parents had taken over with them, as a 
curiosity, the skull of some little American animal, and now they suggest 
that Jan take with him a live tortoise, or a squirrel, which would be a 
greater curiosity? If this is not the meaning, the reader may put some 
other construction upon it. 



94 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Letter to Mrs. Roelof M. Schenxk 1693 

The next letter in hand is dated twenty-two years later than the 
preceding one. and is written from Amsterdam, Holland, hy one Pieter 
Foussier, and his wife Christien, to the third and last wife of Roelof .Mar- 
tense Schenck, the widow Catarina Hooglandt, "at Xew York," that 
doubtless being the point of mail address for such a nearby place as 
Flatlands. The letter mentions three sons of Catarina by her former 
husband, Christoffel Hooglandt, viz., Francoys, Dirck and Martinu-. 
Francoys has gone over to Amsterdam to see his "uncle and aunt," who 
are not named, and who reports that his brother, Dirck, has been absent 
over a year (perhaps on the sea) and may have perished. Her '"brother- 
in-law," to whom the writers had sold their house in Holland, may have 
been Francis (a brother to Cristoffel Hooglandt), who was a merchant 
in Amsterdam in 1677. As many New Jersey Hoaglands descend from 
Christoffel and his wife Catarina, added interest is given to this letter to 
his widow, who was at the time of writing Roelof Marlense Schenck's 
wife. 2 

"To Mrs. Catarina Hooglant at New York : 

"Mrs. Catarina Hooglant, your son Francoys Hooglant has been at 
Amsterdam and has brought his uncle and aunt and us the sad tidings of 
your son Dirck Hooghlant ; how he had been due home already for more 
than a year and that it is feared that he has perished, which causes us 
heartfelt sorrow, for we hoped daily for good tidings from my brother 
Filipe Foessier on the Barbadoes. 

"You have there the contract and the power of attorney to take 
action on it, and the execution would not give you much trouble. But 
in case your son is dead, which we hope on the contrary, we request you 
kindly that your son, Martincs Hooghlaent, will continue the case, for 
which we have begged him so much and which he has promised us. 
We are in a sad state. We have sold our house to your brother-in-law 
and daily we are consuming our money, so that we are consuming our 
flesh and blood. 

"Our sincere request to you is, therefore, that you will conserve the 
documents and the contract and that you will let us know what resolution 
you have taken in the matter, so that we may know which course to take. 

"We expect your reply at the first opportunity. 

"Our greetings to your son's wife. 

3 This Christoffel. it may be here noted, obtained the first deed for land in pres- 
ent Passaic county, New Jersey in 1678. His son, Christoffel (or Christopher) Jr., 
married, about 1697, Helena, daughter of Jan Aerscn and Arientje (Bicycle) N'evius. 
widow of Joannes Nevius, the first Xevius ancestor in America, and before \7K 
removed to I'iscataway township. Middlesex county, across the river from Somerset. 
His wife was one of the first members of the First Reformed church of New Br 
wick. In 1727 they removed to a farm on the Millstone river in Somerset county, 
where he died in 1748. Another branch of Somerset County Hoaglands desc 
from a Dirck Jansen Hobgland, who came from M.urseveen, Holland, in 1057, and 
resided at Flatlands. 



Some Interesting Glimpses of Early Dutch Ancestors 95 

"We entrust you to the care of God and send you greetings of 
myself and my wife, who has wished a hundred times that she could 
once speak with you. "Your friend, 

"1693, 6 Septem. "Pieter Foussier 

Christiex." 

[Endorsed: "Mrs. Hooglant, will you please forward this letter to 
the Barbadoes to my brother, Flippe Foussier, for the sake of our 
friendship/'] 

Another Letter to Mrs. Roelof M. Schenck, 1695 

The next document in my hands is another letter to Catarina Schenck 
(addressed in her maiden name, "Crigers," as spelled; by the writer, 
Simon Verhouve (probably same name as Verhoven), of Haerlem, Hol- 
land. It shows that her son, Francoys (born 1672), was again in Amster- 
dam in 1695, anc * again went to sea, although the writer "don't want to 
speak to him." This Francoys, as the letter shows, was married and had 
at least one son. As to Dirck (first mentioned in the preceding letter), 
he married, in 1687, in New York City, Maria Kip. and then seems to 
have been absent from this country more or less until about 169S, when 
a child was baptized in New York. That he then remained in this 
country seems certain, for he is mentioned in New York records in 1701, 
and, in 1709, "Richard Floogland, of New York, mariner," purchased 
and doubtless settled on 40 acres of land at Woodbridge, New Jersey. 
The son Martin Hooglandt (b. 1667) is also mentioned as a mariner. In 
Carpenter's "Floagland Family," this Martin is spoken of as "died young, 
probably," but the previous letter speaks of him, and this one proves that 
in 1695. when he was eighteen, he had "taken to navigation." (See Car- 
penter, p. 62 ; also p. 60 as to Dirck. Carpenter did not discover that 
Francoys grew up and married, as the letter shows). The letter follows: 

"To the Honored, discrete Catarijna Crigers, n'ife of Roelof Maeriiv.se 

Schinck, at New York, with a friend: 

"Catrijne Krigers, beloved sister : Your writings of the 10th of 
April received. You order us to purchase you some goods. I can not do 
it, because my health does not permit me. But whereas Hoornbeeck takes 
care of your affairs, I have given him the letter and the money winch 
you had still coming from us. This amounted to two hundred and twenty 
guilders. From your younger son you have to expect interest now ; that 
amounts only to 28 guilders now a year, as long as there are such h< 
burdens on it. When he comes you will receive it. 

"Your son Francoys has been busy here less than a half year and 
now he is in sea again; I don't know for which destination. In long I 
have not spoken to him and I don't want to speak to him either. His 
wife has a young son, I am told. I think he will have hard work like the 
rest to make a living. 

"We owe Dirck 70 or 80 guilders. He can have it sent whenever he 
says so. Tell him and his wife good night. I have wished we could hear 



g6 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

some more from him. V~&m wondering why he does not write once a 
while. 

"From Maertijn I hear yet the most. Unfortunately he has taken to 
navigation. Well, this does not make him less. 

"I have nothing special to write. 

''Receive with your husband and friends the hearty greetings of all 
of us. 

**• Your servant, 

Si j m on Verhouve. 
"Done at Haerlem, the 24th of November, 1695." 

Account Against Roelof's Wife, 1695 

In the previous letter of Simon Vcrhoeve, from Haerlem, Holland, 
he stated his inability, owing to ill health, to attend to the purchasing of 
goods for the wife of Roelof Martense Schenck, but promises that "Van 
Hoornbeeck" would attend to it. I have in hand the actual account of 
Tobias Van Hoornbeek, dated November 14, 1695, showing what goods 
were purchased and actually shipped to Mrs. Schenck, who still traded 
under her former married name of "Hoogland." Van Hoornbeek was 
an Amsterdam merchant. The account is directed to Catharina's husband, 
and his location is given again as "the Bay on Long Island." Without 
doubt Catarina, during her widowhood, and probably while she was the 
wife of Christoffel Hoogland, carried on a shop or store for the sale of 
certain "dry goods." as we would now call the business, presumably first 
in New Amsterdam, and later in Flatlands. The whole account would 
scarcely be interesting to Quarterly readers. The address endorsed en 
the outside of the paper is : "To Roelof Martense Schenck, in the Bay 
on Long Island," and the account begins : 

"In Amsterdam, 14 November, 1695. 

"List of the goods bought here at the order and for the account of 

Mrs. Catharina Hoogland, and sent to her under the following mark to 

Nieu Yorck in North America, by the ship 'The Nieu York-Maryland,' 

Capt. Thomas JefT[erson]." 

The account mentions purchases of pieces of white shirt linen, blue 
linen, blue chequed linen, colored cotton, yarn of different colors, fine 
white yarn, camels-hair galons, blue braiding ribbon, red ribbon, white 
pointed ribbon, darning yarn, needles and darning needles, women's stock- 
ings, ivory hair combs, wormsced and also "6 prs. of spectacles, age 30- 
60/70, in cases." The spectacles, it may be noted, cost 12 stuivers per 
pair, or twenty- four cents in our money. The shirt linen cost 12 stuivers 
per yard. There was a tarilY on the goods, as there are expenses "to the 
State for duty and administration," and expenses are charged for sending 
the goods to Rotterdam "where the said shin is to be cleared and to sail." 



Military Operations in Somerset County in I'JJJ 97 

Letter postage is also added. The whole bill amounts to 212.4 florins 
(guilders), and includes a "Provision for receipt of florins 222 from 
Simon Verhoeve, Haerlem, for the purcase of the goods." 



MILITARY OPERATIONS IN SOMERSET COUNTY IN 1777 

BY JOHN J. DE MOTT, METUCHEN, N. J. 
[Concluded from Page 24] 

The Controversy in England 
The operations in New Jersey during the first half of 1777 soon became 
the object of severe criticism in England. One Joseph Galloway violently 
assailed the tactics of Sir William Howe. Galloway's name does not 
appear in his first publication, which consisted of one hundred and one 
pages with a map, printed anonymously in London, in 1779, under the 
title "Letters to a Nobleman on the Conduct of the War in the Middle 
Colonies." 1 Galloway said : 

"The two armies being now in their Winter [Winter of iyj6-'yj] 
quarters, let us take a short view of the conduct of their Commanders. 
Washington saw that his situation demanded enterprise and exertion. He 
saw that they would keep his men in action, prevent desertion, raise their 
lost spirits, and that by such spirited conduct the British army would be 
harassed and diminished. For these reasons, although his numbers were 
truly contemptible when compared with those of the British force he took 
a position near it, whence he might with ease insult, surprise and cut off 
its out-posts and pickets. In this mode of war he constantly employed his 
men. No inclemency of weather, no difficulty deterred him. The posts 
at Amboy, Bonum Town and Brunswick were continually harassed, and 
in a manner besieged. The duty of the officers and soldiers in garrison, 
by this measure, became as laborious and severe as when they were in the 
fields ; and many of them were cut on* in those excursions which were 
necessary to repulse the incessant attacks of the enemy — more by far, in 
the opinion of many able officers, than would have been lost in an attack 
upon Washington's whole force which, being at this time less than 4,000 
undisciplined troops, might have been defeated and dispersed, without 
any difficulty, by a fifth part of the British army. Such was the policy 
of the Rebel Chief, while that of the British General formed a perfect 
contrast to it. Destitute of every idea of military enterprise he suffered 
his inferior enemy during the space of six months to remain within 
twenty-five miles of his headquarters without molestation, and continually 
to insult and distress his troops with impunity. 

"From December to the middle of June, while the British troops in 

'A copy of this is bound with other publications of a similar nature under the 
title "American Revolution,'' in the Boston Public Library (call number 4419.16). 
Howe's narrative and the second publication by Galloway following the above are 
also in Boston. They contain interesting allusions to operations in New Jersey not 
here quoted. 

7 



98 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

the Jerseys remained in this disagreeable situation, the Congress and the 
Rebel States in every quarter were making every exertion to recruit 
Washington's army. But such was the disaffection of the country that 
men would not enlist, and, when drafted from the militia, they Med from 
their districts to places where they were not known, to avoid the service ; 
and, when embodied, they often deserted in whole companies before they 
joined the army. Until the beginning of June Washington's numbers did 
not amount to eight thousand men, militia included ; indeed all experience 
has shown that the Rebel States could never collect their force till the 
middle of that month. This circumstance plainly indicated the good 
policy of an early campaign ; but such were the mistaken notions of the 
British Commander that he conceived it impossible to open the campaign 
till the green forage was on the ground. He either did not, or would not 
consider that the country was full of grain, hay and dry forage, and that 
this was much to be preferred to green, which would rather scour and 
weaken his horses than add to their strength ; and this kind of forage 
he had, or might have had in his magazines, or might have procured in his 
march through the country, as he had done in the last campaign. 

"However these considerations, added to Washington's weak state, 
and the increase of his force, which was naturally to be expected, had 
no weight with him. He did not open the campaign till the 12th of June. 
On that day the British General assembled his troops at Brunswick. 
Washington was encamped on a hill above Ouibbletown, about nine miles 
from that place, on the north side of the Rariton, with fewer than 6.000 
undisciplined and badly appointed troops, which, with a corps under Sul- 
livan of 2,000 men at Prince Town, composed his whole force. His camp 
was far from being inaccessible or fortified. It was strong and defensible 
in front, because it was guarded by the Rariton, and the hill was steep 
and difficult of access; but in his rear, towards the mountains, or on his 
right, towards Delaware, it was by no means impracticable of assault. 
There were large and good roads around it, leading from Brunswick, on 
either side of the river. In this state Washington discreetly remained, 
as if he was perfectly acquainted with the intended movements of the 
British army. However, whether he knew them or not, there were many 
circumstances that pointed them out. The British Commander marched 
his army in two columns to Middle Bush and Hillsborough, two villages 
lying in a low, level country, perfectly overlooked by Washington, and 
on the south side of the Rariton, keeping that river, which was not at that 
time fordable, between his army and the enemy. Provisions for a few 
days only were taken from Brunswic. The pontoons and flat-bottomed 
boats were left at that place, and the fleet lay ready at Staten Island to 
receive the army. These circumstances plainly informed Washington 
that Sir William Howe did not mean to cross the Delaware, and that he 
was not willing to bring on an action. Judging from these circumstances. 
or knowing by some other means the British General's designs, he 
remained at ease in his camp, contenting himself with insulting and har- 
assing the British pickets by his parties daily sent for that purpose. 

"On the approach of the troops toward Prince Town, Sullivan fled 
in a panic to the Delaware, and began o embark his men, but was stopped 
by an order from Washington, and took post at Flemingtown. In these 



Military Operations in Somerset County in ijjj 99 

positions the two armies remained from the 14th to the 19th of June, in 
which time the British General, being determined to leave some monument 
of his wisdom and military skill behind him, built three large redoubts, 
which he left undemolished, to be fortified by the enemy as their occasions 
might require. 

"At no stage of the rebellion were the affairs of the Rebels in a state 
so critical and low as at this period. Gate's army did not amount to 
5,000 men, nor Washington's to 8,000, militia included. Sir Guy Carleton 
was about to approach on the north, and Sir William Howe, with 17.000 
men, 2 was in the field in sight of his contemptible enemy. The assaulting 
of the Rebel camp, or the intercepting of its provisions, and the reducing 
of it by a siege; or, if Washington had by accident escaped, a vigorous 
pursuit after him, must have been attended with most important conse- 
quences. The fate of all the Rebel magazines westward of Philadelphia, 
of the Rebel posts on the North river, and the safety of the northern army 
were involved in these measures. Had the British army defeated or 
dispersed Washington's force, which cither an assault or a vigorous pur- 
suit must have effected, it would have been impracticable for the Rebel 
States, with all their possible exertions, to have raised another army, or 
even to have added to the weak force under Gates ; because all experience 
has shown that, after a military disaster, or during the operations of the 
British troops, they have attempted in vain to recruit or reinforce their 
armies. The British General would have been left at pleasure to have 
sent a corps up the North river agreeably to his solemn engagement to 
General Burgoyne on the 2nd April, 1777, and to have prosecuted his 
original design of crossing the Delaware, or to have co-operated with the 
northern army in reducing the New England States. Supposing, but by 
no means granting, that the danger of pursuing those measures had been 
in prospect greater than those arising from exposing his army to the perils 
of the ocean, and of a hot Southern climate, yet certainly those obvious 
advantages would, at least, have justified the attempt. 

"On the 19th of June he returned to Brunswic, and on the 22nd to 
Amboy, suffering in both marches the rear of his healthy and high- 
spirited army to be insulted and harassed by small parties of the Rebels ; 
and on the 30th, the troops crossed to Staten Island." 

The next step was the publication in London, in 1780, of "The Nar- 
rative of Lieutenant-General Sir William Howe in a Committee of House 
of Commons, on the 29th of April, 1779, Relative to his Conduct in 
North America." The following is quoted from pages 15-16: 
Gen. Howe's Own Statement 

"I come now to the summer of 1777, passing over the expeditions 
in March and April to Peekskill and Danbury. The progress of our 
army in Jersey being also fully mentioned in my letters upon the table, 
I likewise pass over the various occurrences there previous to the embark- 
ation at Staten Island. But, as I have been blamed for not marching 
before I left Jersey to attack General Washington posted at Middlebrook. 

a He might have taken 24.000 men with him to attack Washington, and left 
5,478 for the defence of New York, as he had then under his immediate command 
29.478 effectives. — [Footnote by Galloway]. 



ioo Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

I must beg leave to trouble the committee with a few words upon that 
point. 

"To have attacked General Washington in that strong post I must 
necessarily have made a considerable circuit of the country, and, having 
no prospect of forcing him, I did not think it advisable to lose so much 
time as must have been employed upon that march, during the intense 
heat of the season. 

''Exclusive of this consideration, our return must have been through 
a very difficult and exhausted country, where there was no possibility of 
keeping up the communication with Brunswick, from whence alone we 
could draw our provisions ; and the force with me at that time, amounting 
only to about 11,000 men, would not admit of sufficient detachments to 
preserve the communication. The movement which I did make in two 
columns was with a view of drawing on an action, if the enemy should 
have descended from his post and been tempted towards the Delaware, 
in order to defend the passage of the river on a supposition that I 
intended to cross it. But as the position of my first column at Hillsbor- 
ough must have induced that idea and yet had not the desired effect, I 
determined to return to Brunswick, and to follow the plan which had been 
approved by the minister [ministry]. These reasons, together with those 
assigned in my letter of the 5th of July, 1777, will, I hope, sufficiently 
account for my own not attacking General Washington upon that occasion. I 
must also observe that even so long before as in my letter of the 2nd of 
April, I declared it was not my intention to undertake any offensive oper- 
ation in the Jerseys, unless some very advantageous opportunity should 
offer. 

"But it has been asked why I did not cross the Delaware, and proceed 
by land to Philadelphia? To this I answer that, from a want of sufficient 
means to pass so large a river, I judged the difficulties and the risk too 
great, more especially as the enemy had a corps ready for the defence of 
it, exclusive of my main army in my rear. 

"I have already shown that, rinding the promised re-infc>rcements 
were not to be expected, I informed the Secretary of State that the plan 
first proposed could no longer be thought of; that the Jerseys must be 
abandoned, and Pennsylvania invaded only by sea. The communication 
for provisions through such an extent of country could not possibly be 
maintained with the force at my command. This, Sir, is surely a satis- 
factory answer to the charge of my not having proceeded to Philadelphia 
at that time by land." 

The foregoing narrative is supplemented by extensive "Observations 
upon a Pamphlet entitled Letters to a Nobleman." In these pages Howe 
answers categorically the charges made by Galloway. Among these the 
following are of interest : 

[Quoting Galloway! : "\\ r hcn he passed through New Jersey, and 
drove the panic-struck Rebels out of that country, no step was taken to 
embody and arm the friends of government, who were ready and anxious 
to be employed, in disarming the disaffected, in restoring the province to 
his Majesty's peace, and in defending it when the army should proceed 
in its other necessary operations." 



Military Operations in Somerset County in iyy? 101 

[Answer] : "I never heard before of the readiness and anxiety here 
expressed — nor could I — for that part of New Jersey through which Earl 
Cornwallis marched, from Fort Lee to Trenton, was almost destitute of 
male inhabitants, a few excepted, who remained to fire, from behind 
bushes upon the King's troops as they passed. The idea of employing 
people of this description in disarming the disaffected, in restoring the 
province to peace, and in defending it when the army should proceed in 
its other operations, is too glaringly absurd to deserve farther comment." 

(P. 53). 

.[Quoting Galloway] : ''On that day [12th of June] the British Gen- 
eral assembled his troops at Brunswic. Washington was encamped on 
a hill above Quibble-Town, about nine miles from that place, on the 
north side of the Rariton, with fewer than 6,000 undisciplined and badly 
appointed troops, which, with a corps under Sullivan of 2,000 men at 
Princeton, composed his whole force." 

[Answer] : "From intelligence I then had, and which I have not 
since had any reason to doubt, Washington had not less than 10.000 in his 
camp, on the hill above Qtiu%!e~Town." 

.[Quoting Galloway] : "His camp was far from being inaccessible or 
fortified. It was strong and defensible in front, because it was guarded 
by the Rariton, and the hill was steep and difficult of access ; but in his 
rear, towards the mountains, or on his right, towards the Delaware, it 
was by no means impracticable of assault.'* 

[Answer] : '"His camp was to the full as inaccessible m the rear as 
in the front; and an attack upon his right flank (from every account I 
could get) would have been still more hazardous." 

[Quoting Galloway] : "These circumstances plainly informed 
Washington that Sir William Howe did not mean to cross the Delaware, 
and that he was not anxious to bring on an action." 

[Answer] : ''General Washington was certainly induced to believe 
that my intention was to attack him. and had he not been perfectly 
satisfied with the strength of his post he would not have remained so 
long in it." 

[Quoting Galloway] : ''Sir William Howe, with 17.000 men, was 
in the field in sight of his contemptible enemy." 

[Answer]: "I marched from Brunswic with about 11,000 fighting 
men. It being necessary to leave the posts at Amboy and Brunswic in a 
proper state of defence, between 3 and 4.000 were left for that purpose." 

Further along in these same "Observations," Howe takes up a charge 
by Galloway in regard to plundering on the part of the British. This is 
of special interest in view of the claims filed after the War by residents 
of Somerset for damages suffered. Howe says: 

" . . . in my conscience I believe there never was less plundering 
nor fewer enormities committed by any army in the field, and where the 
inhabitants were in arms against the troops than by that army which 1 had 
the honor to command. . . ." 

Galloway was not to be outdone. No sooner had Howe's book 
appeared than there was published in London, in 17S0. "A Reply to the 



102 Somerset Comity Historical Quarterly 

Observations of Lieutenant-General Sir William Howe upon a Pamphlet 
entitled Letters to a Nobleman, by Joseph Galloway, Esq., in which his 
Misrepresentations are Detected and those Letters are Supported by a 
Variety of New Matter and Argument." Tiie following quotation, com- 
mencing on page 76, covers the operations under discussion : 

"If he [Howe] really intended to put an end to the rebellion, by 
defeating the main army in the field, why did he not lead 25.000 men 
from Brunswick, on the north side of the Rariton, and attack Washing- 
ton's 10,000 men in his unfortified camp? Or if Washington had been 
so fortified and strong as to render an assault improper, why did he not, 
with such a superior force, surround, and, by cutting off hi.- supplies with 
which he was very scantily supplied, starve him? All these measures 
were pointed out by common sense. The benefits which would have 
accrued from them were obvious to all, and of the greatest importance 
to the suppression of the rebellion; while that which he pursued did not 
afford the least prospect of a single advantage to the service, and besides 
was attended with an immense unnecessary expense, was pregnant with 
numerous difficulties, risks and dangers, and promised the ruin of the 
campaign. 

"Major General Grey, in his evidence, further says : 'I do not think 
there was any one object which would have tempted General Washington 
to risk a general action so much as the fear of losing the capital of 
Pennsylvania.' This I believe to be true, but what doe> it avail in the 
defence of the General's conduct? Nothing. It contains a full condem- 
nation of his Chesapeak expedition. 

•'For Washington would have fought between Hillsborough and that 
city from the same motive. He engaged Sir Wm. Howe's army at 
Brandy wine for that reason, and he would have done it in Xew Jersey. 
Why then did not Sir Wm. Howe, having his boats and pontoons with 
him all prepared at Brunswick, pass his army from that place to the Dela- 
ware? If Washington had come from his pretended strong post to 
attack the British army, he must have fought his enemy upon equal, if 
not disadvantageous terms, as Sir Wm. Howe might have chose his 
ground. If he had remained in his camp, the city of Philadelphia and all 
his magazines of military and other stores must have fallen without 
opposition into the General's hands. 

"To the question, 'Was there any probability of bringing the war to 
a termination in that campaign without forcing General Washington to 
a general engagement?' the Major-General answers, 'Certainly not.' 

"Here the General seems to be sensible of the great importance of 
bringing Washington to a battle. Why then did he not take one rational 
step to effect this purpose? Was it possible that he could imagine that 
his taking post on the south side of the Rariton would bring an inferior 
enemy down from his advantageous post across an unfordable river to 
attack him? Why did lie not march up on the same side of the river on 
which Washington lay, and offer him battle? Washington must have 
fought in a little time or starved his army. Or, why did he not make a 
feint by passing towards Philadelphia? This must have brought Wash- 
ington from his post, or he must have given up the 'capital oi Pcnnsyl- 



Military Operations in Somerset County in ijjy 103 

vania/ for which the General himself believed he would fight. Surely any 
of these measures were preferable to the unpromising- and unfortunate 
expedition round by sea to the head of Elk. 

"It will not be thought a digression should I here give the reader a 
description of the great advantages which a superior army must have 
over an inferior, in their operations in New Jersey. The province is 
bounded on the east and the south by the North River, New York Bay 
and the Ocean ; on the west by the bay and river Delaware : and on the 
north it runs into the uninhabited mountains forming a peninsula to the 
south. The waters enclosing it on the east, south and west are not more 
than 50 miles distant from each other, and until the month of June are 
never fordable ; nor even then except in the Delaware above Trenton. 
And there are very few countries to be found less difficult and better 
adapted for military operations. What then is the case of an inferior 
army in a country thus situated, when a superior force is properly led 
against it? If it should march to avoid its enemy southward, it runs into 
a snare from whence it cannot escape. If it turns to the north, it must 
combat every difficulty which mountains destitute of provisions can afford ; 
and if he attempts either on the east or west to escape, he may be attacked 
in the moment of crossing a considerable river. And yet the General, by 
the indolence of his movements, although he had his truly contemptible 
enemy in this very country, suffered him to cross the Delaware with 
his heavy baggage and artillery in 1776; and in June, 1777, shamefully 
retreated before him. suffering him constantly to harass the British rear 
from Brunswick to Amboy." 

Rfxext British Opixioxs 

"The Royal Navy, a History," by William Laird Clowe, published 
recently in England, has the following to say on the New Jersey cam- 
paign : 

"Owing to neglect at the War Office, the peremptory orders to Sir 
William Howe, to move up the Hudson and make a junction with Bur- 
goyne, were not sent forward. Consequently, Howe, acting upon the 
discretionary powers which he possessed already, and swayed by political 
reasons into which it is not necessary to enter, determined to renew his 
attempt upon Philadelphia. A tentative advance upon New Jersey and 
the consequent manoeuvres of Washington satisfied him that the enter- 
prise by this route was too hazardous. He therefore embarked 14.000 
men, leaving 8.000 with Sir Henry Clinton to hold New York and make 
diversions in favor of Burgoyne : and on the 23rd of July sailed from 
Sandy Hook, escorted by five 64-gun ships, a 50. and ten smaller boats. 
under Lord Howe's immediate command. The expedition numbered 
about 280 sails. Elaborate pains were taken to deceive Washington as 
to the destination of the armament ; but little was needed to prevent a 
competent soldier from supposing a design so contrary to sound military 
principle, having regard to Burgoyne's movements and to the well under- 
stood purpose of the British ministry. 'Howe's in a manner abandoning 
Burgoyne is so unaccountable a matter,' wrote the American General, 



104 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

'that, till I am fully assured of it, I cannot help casting my eyes continually 
behind me.' He suspected an intention to return upon New York." 

"The Royal Army," a companion work to the above, mentions the 
operations in Xew Jersey, but attaches little importance to them. 

Still another recent opinion is to be found in "A History of the 
British Army," by Hon. J. W. Fortescue, London, 1902. Turning to 
Vol. Ill, pages 210-21 1, we read: 

"Washington, having at length increased his numbers to eight thous- 
and men, moved southward from Morristown and took up a strongly 
intrenched position at Middlebrook, about ten miles west of Xew 
Brunswick. . . . Howe, . . . having concentrated his force at 
New Brunswick, advanced on the 12th of June along the southern bank 
of the Rariton, in the hope of tempting Washington to forsake his 
stronghold at Middlebrook. Failing in this he withdrew to Amboy (June 
19) and had completed his preparations for crossing to Staten Island for 
the embarcation of his troops, when he was made aware that two Amer- 
ican divisions, numbering in all i>ome four thousand men, had come down 
from the hills in pursuit of him, and that Washington with the main body 
had also moved eastward to Ouibbletown, so as to remain in touch with 
these detachments. Observing the success of his retrograde movement 
in kmng Washington from the hills, Howe very warily laid his plans to 
force him to a general engagement. After lying inactive for a while, so 
as to lull his enemy into false confidence, he marched early on the morning 
of the 26th with eleven thousand men in two columns, to fail upon 
Washington's flank at Ouibbletown. But the American General made 
haste to retreat with the main body on the first sound of firing, though 
Cornwallis engaged one of the detachments with considerable success, 
killing and wounding two hundred and fifty Americans and capturing 
three guns, with trifling loss to himself. But so slight an advantage was. 
not worth the loss of precious time. On the 28th Howe withdrew again 
to Amboy, and in the first days of July he embarked some fourteen 
thousand men for the expedition to Philadelphia." 3 

What a Recent American Critic Says 

• It is fitting that this series of historical excerpts should be con- 
cluded with the opinion of a well-known American military man. In his 
book, "The Revolutionary War of the United States," published in Lon- 
don in 191 1, Major-General Francis Vinton Greene credits both Wash- 
ington and Howe with strategy- of a high order. He acknowledges his 

3 "Mr. Fiske (American Revolution, I, 306. 307) put forward Washington's 
movements of the 12th — iSth June as one of the most remarkable examples of his 
skill; assuming that Howe's object was to march to Philadelphia by land, and that 
Washington's manoeuvres prevented him. Howe's letters, however, prove conclu- 
sively that as far back as in April he had decided that he must sad to Philadelphia; 
and the little action of the 26th (of which Mr. Fiske says nothing) sceriis to me 
to show that Washington for once was off his guard. Moreover. Washington had 
as far back as the 9th of May, convinced himself that Howe had no designs on the 
Delaware." — [Footnote in Fontcscuc's work]. 



Military Operations in Somerset County in IJJJ 105 

indebtedness to Sparks, Vol. IV, for many of his facts. The following 
is from pages 80-82 of General Greene's work: 

'While Washington was at Morristown, keenly watching for every 
move of his adversary, Howe made a raid into Connecticut (April 24, 
l 777)- - • • This raid had no effect on the campaign and it cost the 
British a loss of about 200 in killed and wounded. 

"Washington meanwhile kept his eye unceasingly on Howe, and 
being more than ever convinced that the latter would move toward Phil- 
adelphia, he broke up his camp at Morristown and moved (May 29) about 
twenty miles south to the Raritan River, so as to be nearer Howe's line of 
march. Here he occupied a strong position, which Greene had selected, 
on the heights of Middlebrook, just back of Bound Brook, about ten 
miles from Brunswick. His right under Sullivan was sent out as far as 
Princeton. Then followed two months of extremely interesting man- 
oeuvres, carried out on both sides with excellent skill. 

"First Howe tried to manoeuvre Washington out of the strong Mid- 
dlebrook position, and get him down into the lower open country 
where fie could attack him to beuer aavantage. He therefore crossed the 
Raritan with about io.qoo men and placed himself between Washington 
and Princeton — on the road to Philadelphia. Washington did not leave 
his position. He doubted, as he wrote Schuyler (June 16), whether this 
was 'a real move toward Philadelphia ;' if it should so prove, he intended 
to let Howe get as far as the Delaware, where he would meet with opposi- 
tion from the militia in his front, and then follow rapidly, cut his com- 
munications and attack his rear. Washington having correctly interpreted 
Howe's first move, it failed. 

"Howe's second move (June 23) was somewhat more successful. 
He retreated suddenly to Amboy, hoping thus to tempt Washington out 
of his strong position, and then turn sharply and attack him. The bait 
was too tempting; Washington sent Greene with three brigades in pur- 
suit, and himself followed Greene with his entire force. Greene did not 
advance more than five miles beyond Brunswick, not wishing to get too 
far from the main body, but Stirling on his left advanced almost to Staten 
Island Sound. 

"Then Howe made (June 28) his third manoeuvre. He had taken 
part of his troops across to Staten Island ; and now suddenly recrossed 
the Kills, drove Stirling back in some confusion, and marched rapidly to 
Westfield, several miles west of Rahway. He was thus on Washing! n's 
left flank, threatening his communications with the Hudson. He hoped 
that Washington would attack ; but Washington returned quickly with 
his whole force to the Middlebrook lines. 

"The third manoeuvre having thus failed, Howe returned to Staten 
Island (June 30), put his troops on board transports and men-of-war, 
228 in number, and proceeded to carry out his main purpose of transport- 
ing his army to the south of Philadelphia." 



io6 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

THE PENSION SECURED FOR "AUNT POLLY" KINNAN 

CV' REV. OSCAR M. V00RHEES, D. D., NEW YORK CITY 

Readers of Volume I of the Quarterly will recall the article on "Aunt 
Polly Kinnan, an Indian Tragedy of the Eighteenth Century/' In that 
article it was stated that Mrs. Kinnan was granted a pension on an 
application dated October 4th, 1836. This was asserted on the basis of a 
summary of her case sent by the pension office at Washington. Other 
references to her pension have appeared in the Quarterly (Vol. III. p. 
185, and Vol. IV, p. 179). 

Ever since the preparation of the article I have had in mind an 
examination of the records of the pension office at Washington for such 
supplementary information as they may contain, and now have pleasure 
in reporting the result of such examination. 

My greatest surprise was to find that among the papers there filed 
is the original letter sent to "Aunt Polly's" relatives at Basking Ridge, 
telling of her captivity and of her longing for deliverance. The tradition 
was that she had told Robert Albert (Abbott) of her plight, and begged 
him to write to her friends. Her words, as recalled by Mrs. Anderson, 
were: "Write it just as you would if you were in my place!''' The 
letter would indicate that she had made a hasty draft of the letter, and 
that Abbott asked William Hinman to copy and forward it. So full of 
pathos is this letter that I copy it entire. Some of the sentences are 
incomplete, but the meaning is clear : 

"Miamies River, 29/rH July 1793. 

"Dear Brother: This is the only opportunity I have embrace' 5 , 
since I have been taken by the savages to acquaint you of my situation, 
which be well assured is very miserable. However, I hope after you hear 
from me that your generosity will in some measure to relieve me from my 
present miserable situation. I would have written you sooner, but kii 
ing of no safe opportunity till this present one, or you may depend I 
would have acquainted you of my case before now. which I hope you 
will take into consideration and feel for me, which if you do depend 
shall always be remembered by me. If you undertake to come or send 
for me, which I sincerely wish you would, the way I advise you to take 
for your safety will be the route that Commissioners from the States 
come, which comes through Genesee county to Niagara, and from thence 
you can come to Detroit with safety and enquire there of a Mr. Robert 
Abbott, where you will get intelligence where I am. I have another 
thing to request of you, which is, you was at the house where I 
taken, to endeavor to take my children in your care which I left bell 
as I am afraid they are left destitute of the [not legible], which tl ..: 
and other things depress me very much. 

"In case that you should mistrust that this letter is not from me 01 
that perhaps my long absence from home should any ways in: ice \ 



The Pension Secured for "Aunt Polly" Kinnan 107 

imagine that I am not your sister, I shall inform more clearly that I am 
the wife of Joseph Kinnan. Dear brother, f would write you more full 
of the hardships I have undergone since I have been taken, but my situ- 
ation depresses me so much that I cannot explain nayself in as satis- 
factory a manner as I could wish. I have been this long time expecting 
that peace would take place in expectation of getting home, but the times 
are so precarious that I am quite discouraged. You will observe that I 
lived at Tigert Valley in Randolph Count)- in Virginia. Therefore that 
I hope will convince fully who I am. I am in as good health as my situ- 
ation can afford. Hoping you are so likewise, which is the 
"Sincere wish of your loving Sister 

"Mary Kixxan. 
"Dear Brother, give my compliments to my father and mother and all 
the family. "Yours sincerely, 

"William Hinman's Hand. "Mary Kixxan/' 

"'Detroit, Mich." 

The statement is elsewhere made that this is the "only old letter or 
paper of any kind which has been found" in "Aunt Polly's" handwriting. 

Her application adds little to the facts set forth in the previous 
article. Respecting the tragedy she says that the Indians "murdered my 
husband and one child on the spot, badly wounded another child, and 
another child, older than the others escaped." She also states that she 
lived "three years and three months on the Miamies River near Fort 
Wayne," and that at the time of the application she was "destitute, poor 
and aged, and not able to do much labor." 

Her application was supported by a deposition given by Airs Rachel 
Toan, a widow, then living in Morristown, who was a daughter of Capt. 
Goyn McCoy. With her first husband, David Lyon, she had lived near 
to. Mrs. Kinnan during her early married life, and testified to the time 
of her marriage and the birth of her children. 

Other supporting depositions, as to Joseph Rinnan's military exper- 
ience, were made by John Breece, Isaac Bedel, Jacob Losey, Isaac Todd 
and John Hall, who had served with him in the Somerset Militia under 
Captains Bailey and McCoy. 

The summary prepared in the pension office accepts as proven a ser- 
vice on the part of Joseph Kinnan of twenty-five months and two weeks 
as sergeant between the spring of 1776 to the spring of 17S0. 

These papers were presented to Commissioner Edwards by her attor- 
ney, Lewis Condict, and were supported by a letter of United States Sen- 
ator Samuel Southard, of Somerset County, who wrote as follows: 

"J. L. Edwards Com. etc. etc. 

"Dear Sir : The enclosed papers have been re'd by me from Dr. 
Condict, and 1 do not see that I can do better for Mrs. Kinnan than to 
transmit them with his letter. I take great interest in this case. My 
earliest recollections are connected with the storv of Mrs. Kinnan. and 



io8 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

some of my earliest playmates were persons connected with her by blood. 
The story was the fireside talk of the neighborhood. I hope there will 
be no longer any difficulty in gratifying her wishes and allowing her full 
claims. If there should be I should be glad to have an opportunity of 
removing them. 
"4 January, '38. ''Respectfully etc. etc. 

"Sam'l L. Southard." 

The result of the application was a certificate of pension, sent, Feb- 
ruary 21st, 1838, to Senator Southard stating that Mrs. Kinnan had been 
"inscribed on the roll of New Jersey, at the rate of $90.00 per annum, 
to commence on the 4th day of March 183 1" (the day the law wa> 
enacted)), the whole being: 

"Arrears to the 4th of September, 1837 $585 

Semi-annual allowance to March, 1838 45 



?6 3 o" 

This outcome was very gratifying, as Mrs. Kinnan was then seventy- 
five years old. While the annual allowance was not large, the arrears 
provided a comfortable amount for emergencies, and helped make the 
remaining ten years of her life more free from anxiety. 

^» fc?W *&w C*?* 

THE HISTORY OF AN OLD INN 

BY HON. JAMES T. BERGEN, SOMERVILLE, N. J. 

On an old military map made by "Jno. Clarke, Junior." in 177,". and 
presented by him to Major-General Greene, is inscribed "Tunison's Tav- 
ern," which was located substantially where the "Somerset House" now 
stands on the northeast corner of Grove and Main streets. Somerville, 
the former not being at that time opened and consequently not laid on 
the map. The latter was then called the Great, or York Road, having 
been laid out by the Commissioners of Roads in 1764. The present Main 
street, from about Hamilton street to Grove street, remains practically 
as it was laid in 1764, as will appear by a reference to "Road Book Xo. 
I," pages 63 and 64. in the office of the clerk of the County oi Somerset. 
From about Grove street the old road ran northerly and easterly, form- 
ing an arch north of the present Main street "to the gate of the par- 
sonage land of the Dutch Congregation now in the tenure and occupa- 
tion of the Rev. Mr. Hardenburgh," and from thence continued westerly 
practically along what is now Somerset street. In 1705 the commis- 
sioners vacated *'the road leading from the courthouse to the said parson- 
age lot," and laid out a new road, "beginning at the southwest corner oi 



The History of an Old Inn 109 

the aforesaid courthouse, thence running north 65 1/2 degrees west 
38 degrees, 50 minutes to the middle of the former road leading through 
the said parsonage lot, 4 rods wide." The road as thus laid out fol- 
lows substantially the present course of Main street in Somerville, and 
was undoubtedly adopted by the New Jersey Turnpike Company as a 
part of their turnpike, and the old York Road was not materially changed 
along the Tunison tavern lot. Owing to the destruction of most of the 
county records when the courthouse at Millstone was burned in 1778, 
during Simcoe's raid, the ancient title to the tavern lot cannot be accurate- 
ly traced ; but in Book A of Somerset Mortgages, page 276, which 
escaped destruction when the courthouse was burned, it appears that Cor- 
nelius Tunison gave a mortgage to John Beekman on two lots of land, the 
first lot being described as "where he now lives, which he purchased from 
John Arrison, the lott on which he now keeps tavern." The lot as de- 
scribed in this mortgage is on the north side of the "Rariton Road" and 
was about 160 feet in #idth in front, and 265 feet deep, and the other 
lot, containing about 11 acres, lay along Peters Brook. 

From this record it appears that at least as early as 1771 Cornelius 
Tunison kept a tavern at this place. I can find no record in the Somerset 
County Clerk's office which shows definitely from whom Cornelius Tuni- 
son acquired his title, but that he had the title appears from the mortgage 
to Beekman, and. also from a deed made by John Bryan 1 and wife to 
James Vanderveer dated October 10, 1797, and recorded in Book B of 
deeds, page 115,'. which recites that John Hardenburgh late sheriff of the 
said County of Somerset in and by a certain deed indented and bearing 
date February 8, 1797,. did sell and convey to John Bryan "a certain part 
of the real estate which was of the late Cornelius Tunison deceased, sit- 
uate at Bridgewater in the county aforesaid at or near the Court House 
of said county." This deed conveyed to James Vanderveer two tracts of 
land. The first tract was on the north side of the "Rariton: Road that runs 
from the North Branch down to Rariton Landing." The description of the 
first tract corresponds with that given in the mortgage given by Cornelius 
Tunison to Beekman and is manifestly the tavern lot, which was by subse- 
quent conveyances slightly enlarged. This deed also contains this interest- 
ing statement, that "the said lots, tracts and parcels were sold and con- 
veyed to the said John Bryan in form aforesaid, for the purpose and to 
the intent that he should convey the same to the members of the com- 
pany united and associated by certain articles of agreement bearing date 
the sixteenth day of November in the year of our Lord One thousand 

1 As to this John Bryan, see first note in this number in the department of 
"Historical Notes and Comments," under heading "Some Facts about Judge John 
Bryan." — Editor. 



no Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

seven hundred and ninety-six, sealed with their seals, which said company 
is united and associated for the purpose of erecting and supporting a 
Superb County Hotel at Bridge-water aforesaid in the county aforesaid, 
and of which the said James Vanderveer hath become one by subscribing 
in the said articles of union and association for two-tenths part of the 
whole, the whole into ten equal parts being divided, as by the said deeds 
indented, and articles of agreement bearing date on the day and year 
above set forth, reference thereunto being had, will more fully and at large 
appear." 

The associates under the name "Somerset House Company" appear 
to have entered into a joint agreement in 1796, the principal object being 
the erection of a pretentious hotel, an object which was never carried out, 
at least not beyond repairs and additions to the old Tunison Tavern, a 
considerable addition having been made to it on the west ; but the fact 
that they acquired considerable real property in the neighborhood of the 
hotel seems to indicate that perhaps another object was a real estate spec- 
ulation, that after ten years was apparently abandoned, when they sold to 
George Van Neste nearly one hundred acres of land, which seems to have 
nearly, if not entirely, comprised the residue of their holdings. The first 
recorded deed I can find was given to Brogan Brokaw, dated June 2, 1802, 
conveying a lot lying south of the Raritan Road, 100 feet front, about 
opposite the old jail property, then Herder's Hotel, near Hamilton street. 
The associates named in this conveyance are Peter D. Yroom, James Van- 
derveer, Andrew Howell, John Meldrum, John Bryan, Moses Scott, John 
Wortman and Joseph Annin, "denominated and known as the Somerset 
House Company." 

The shares of the association seem to have been transferable, for by 
a deed made in August, 1806, John Bryan's name (he being deceased) 
does not appear, but in his place we find Thomas Grant, and in a deed made 
in May, 1807, Annin and Wortman drop out and George C. Maxwell 
(lawyer, of Flemington, afterward Congressman) comes in, at which time 
Vroom, Vanderveer and Maxwell held two shares, and Grant, Scott, 
Howell and Meldrum one, each. 

Prior to the year 1838, licenses to keep an inn or tavern were granted 
by the Court of Quarter Sessions, but the minutes of that Court prior to 
1778 are not to be found and were probably destroyed with the courthouse. 
Those that were preserved are rather imperfect, and it is practically 
impossible to ascertain from them what persons were licensed to keep 
this tavern between 1790 and its occupancy by John Meldrum in, probably, 
1797. The minutes of the Board of Giosen Freeholders and Justices 
show that they held meetings "at the house of Cornelius Tunison. inn- 
keeper at Rariton," at different dates to and including April 10. 1781, 



The History of an Old Inn in 

this last meeting being held for the purpose of raising money to build a 
jail, which was not then agreed to. At a meeting held at the same place, 
January 14, 1782, the Board voted to pay Cornelius Tunison 10 pounds 
for 20 perches of land '"whereon to set the gaol," -upon the understanding 
that Tunison was to give "40 feet of land whereon to build the court- 
house." The last minute referring to Tunison is that of October 28, 
1787, which shows that a meeting was held at the house of '"Cornelius 
Tunison, innkeeper at the courthouse," when he presented a bill for ser- 
vices rendered by his son, deceased, for building a kitchen at the end of 
the jail. The minutes also show, that the Board met at the house of John 
Meldrum in Bridgewater, January 3, 1797, from which it may be inferred 
that John Meldrum was then the keeper of this hotel. Whether John 
Meldrum was the immediate successor of Cornelius Tunison or not I have 
been unable to ascertain. 

Nothing is to be learned of the personality of Cornelius Tunison. 
He undoubtedly kept this hotel during the Revolutionary War, and it is 
to be assumed that it was frequented by officers and men of the Conti- 
nental Army, especially during the winter of 1778 and 1779. when 
Washington had his headquarters at the Wallace House, and the army 
w r as stationed between what is now known as Finderne and Middlebrook. 
He had a son named Cornelius who is referred to as Captain Cornelius 
Tunison, and, according to the minutes of the Board of Freeholders, one 
of their meetings was held at the house of "Captain Cornelius Tunison, 
innkeeper ;" so it may well be that his son kept the hotel part of the time, 
but after his death his father is referred to in the minutes as keeping the 
hotel at the courthouse in Bridgewater. 

The title to this property was probably acquired by deeds to the asso- 
ciates in or about 1797, but as there is no record of deeds to the members 
of the association known as the Somerset House Company other than that 
to Vanderveer above set out, it is impossible to state definitely when they 
acquired it, although as John Meldrum, one of the associates, was the 
keeper of "John Meldrum's Somerset House" in May, 1799. when the 
sale of the old courthouse and jail was advertised to be made at that 
place, it is quite likely that they acquired the title shortly after they organ- 
ized. The minutes of the Board of Freeholders above referred to would 
seem to indicate that John Meldrum w r as there as early as 1797. Although 
he is not mentioned in the minutes as an innkeeper, still the meeting was 
held "at the house of John Meldrum," and it is a fair inference that, as 
previous to that time the board had met at Tunison's Tavern, the meeting 
in 1797 was at the Somerset House rather than at the private dwelling 
of John Meldrum. 

The minutes of the Court of Quarter Sessions and applications for 



H2 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

licenses show that John Meld rum was licensed to keep an inn and tavern 
from 1804 each year to and including J 81 3, at which point the minutes of 
the Court of Quarter Sessions seem to end, unless the books have been 
destroyed or mislaid. The last record of a license granted to Cornelius 
Tunison was of the January Term, 1789, hut, owing to the condition of 
the record, it cannot he certainly said that it was the last. 

In 1807 the "Somerset House Company" consisting of James Van- 
derveer, Peter D. Vroom, George C. Maxwell, Thomas Grant, Moses 
Scott, Andrew Howell and John Meldrum, conveyed to John Van Xeste 
two tracts of land, the first of which contained 79 acres and included the 
tavern lot, one of the monuments called for in the deed being "the north- 
westerly corner of the original tavern lot," the whole tract containing 
79 acres. The second lot contained 11 acres and is the second tract of 
land included in the mortgage given by Cornelius Tunison to John Beek- 
man above metioned. 

In 1809 John Van Neste conveyed to Ferdinand Yanderveer the hotel 
lot, said to contain 1.58 acres, together with other tracts, one lying north 
of the court house and church property and east of the new road, now 
Grove St., containing 22.4 acres ; another north of the turnpike and bind- 
ing on Peters Brook containing 5 acres ; also two other tracts not material 
to this article. 

By a deed acknowledged February 16, 1S10, Ferdinand Yanderveer 
conveyed to Gilbert Lane the hotel property and lot on Grove street, in 
the rear of the courthouse. Lane does not appear to have made a success 
of his business, because in the fall of 181 1 the property conveyed to him 
by Yanderveer was sold by Israel Harris, sheriff, to satisfy a judgment 
recovered by Daniel LaTourette against Lane, and was purchased by 
LaTourette, who, in 181 3, sold the tavern lot to Alexander McCalla and 
Robert Kennedy. The description of the land begins in the middle of 
the ''new road from the village to the mountain" and the courses ran. 
"easterly 3 degrees and 65 minutes, southerly 4 degrees and 54 
minutes, to the middle of the turnpike; thence along it westerly 2 degrees 
and 92 minutes, and thence northerly to the place of beginning." 

When Gilbert A. Lane purchased the property and took possession in 
1810, John Meldrum was of course ousted, but through the influence of 
his friends he opened a hotel on the north side of Main street, a short 
distance west of Bridge street, on a part of what was formerly the prop- 
erty of the late Samuel S. Hartwell, and carried on the business there 
until at least 1813, he having been granted a license in that year to keep 
an inn and tavern. 

John Meldrum was a popular landlord, and his competition, and the 
public support given him, probably accounts, in part at least, for Lxme's 
misfortune. 



The History of an Old Inn 113 

Alexander McCalla continued to own the old Tunison Tavern prop- 
erty until 1823, when, by a deed dated May 1, 1821, although not ac- 
knowledged until May 24, 1823, he, without. Robert Kennedy joining in 
the deed, conveyed the property to John Torbct. The record does not dis- 
close any transfer by Robert Kennedy to McCalla or any other person, but 
the title would not probably have been accepted in 1823 from McCalla 
unless he produced some deed from Kennedy which was not recorded. 
The recording of deeds in those days seems to have been a minor con- 
sideration, for the deed from McCalla to Torbet was not recorded until 

1838. 

During the ownership of LaTourette one Stephen Strong appears to 
have been the landlord. Jn connection with an article published some 
years ago in the "Somerset Gazette," containing interviews with Aaron 
J. Auten, who was born in Somerville in 1804 an( l later moved to North 
Branch, where he resided until his death, and also the recollections of the 
late Judge John C. Garrison concerning the conditions existing in Somer- 
ville in 1S12, there was a map of the town with all buildings and the 
names of the occupants marked thereon as existing in 181 2, and that indi- 
cates that the old hotel was then kept by Stephen Strong. In proof of 
this I find among the files Strong's original application for a license, 
marked "Granted, $20." The application states, "that your petitioner 
has rented the hotel stand in the village of Somerville, formerly occupied 
by Gilbert A . Lane and others, and which house has been licensed for 
many years/'' 

While McCalla owned the hotel (from 1S13 to 1823), it was kept by 
William Mann, all of whose children, it is said, were born in this hotel, 
one of them being John M. Mann, a well-known, trusted and successful 
lawyer in Somerville, a considerable portion of his business being the set- 
tlement of estates. The Rev. Abraham Messier, D. D., states in his short 
history of the County of Somerset, that during part of the time of Mr. 
Mann's occupancy the post-office was kept in the barroom of this hotel, 
there being a semi-weekly mail consisting of about a dozen letters a week, 
and, as Dr. Messier was speaking of his own knowledge, that fact is con- 
clusively established. It may be interesting to note here that among the 
persons recommending Mann in 1816 were George McDonald, the lawyer, 
Isaac Southard, Ferdinand Yanderveer and Daniel Sargeant. 

John Torbet was the keeper of this hotel from 1S23 until his death, 
which probably occurred in the latter part of 1846, for John M. Mann 
and Mrs. Torbet, as executors of the will of John Torbct. conveyed the 
property to Jacob A. Fritts, by deed dated April 1, 1847, and nc remained 
the proprietor of the hotel until his death a few years ago. The subse- 
quent owners and tenants are so well known to the present generation 
8 



114 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

as not to require further pursuit in the history of the hotel ; the house 
has been recently remodeled, a part of the old structure being retained, 
and it is now kept by Mr. George Schenck. 

Jacob A. Fritts was a resident of Warren county, and in about 1838 
he moved to New Brunswick, where he kept a hotel on Water street for 
five years. He then removed to Somerville and conducted the County 
House Hotel for six years, and in 1847 he purchased the old Tunison 
Tavern, where he carried on a successful business until his death. Under 
his management the hotel obtained a great reputation for an excellent 
table, and in the old days it was a favorite stopping place for people on 
their way to Schooley's Mountain by carriage, that being then the only 
feasible way to reach this once well-known and famous summer resort. 

In the old days an inn and tavern was the center of the business of 
the community, and there all the public business was transacted, from the 
holding of political conventions to the organizing of Bible Societies, the 
Society of Somerset County being organized in Meldrum's new hotel. I 
have attended primary meetings at the old Fritts hotel to select delegates 
for a gubernatorial convention, at which the leaders of the party met, and 
the question was, not who wanted to be a delegate, but who ought to be, 
no instructions being given as to the candidate — that being left to the good 
judgment of the persons delegated to perform the duty. 

This story is, perhaps, of small interest to most people, but it has to 
do with an old landmark existing in Colonial times, where public matters 
of great interest to the people were considered and decided after the great- 
est consideration. It was, perhaps, largely due to the fact that this old 
tavern existed, that the courthouse was located at what was sometimes 
called Raritan, and at other times "Tunison's Tavern," the result being 
.the starting of a small hamlet which gradually grew to become the pleas- 
ant and prosperous borough of Somerville. 

Why the name of Somerville was ever given to the place it is not 
now possible to settle with certainty, the tradition being that it was a 
thankful feeling towards the French that was responsible for the "villc," 
the latter word being combined with an abbreviation of the name of the 
county. This tradition seems to have been adopted by Dr. Messier, who 
states that the oldest documentary evidence on the subject was dated July, 
1801. 



Franklin Tozvnship Historical Notes 115 

FRANKLIN TOWNSHIP HISTORICAL NOTES 

BY THE LATE JUDGE RALPH VOORHEES, IN l&74-'/6 
[Continued from Page 29] 
John S. Voorhees, the husband of Sarah Ann Van Doren, is of the eighth 
generation of the descendants of Stephen Courten Van Yoorhees, the 
emigrant. His father was Peter, his grandfather, Martin, g. grandfather, 
Peter, g. g. grandfather, Peter, g. g. g. grandfather, Peter, g. g. g. g. 
grandfather, Garret Courten, g. g. g. g. g. grandfather, Courten Stephense, 
&• g- §'• g- &• &• grandfather, Stephen Courten, who came from Reincn, Hol- 
land, in 1660, in the ship Spotted Cow, settled at Flatlands, LI., and was 
the great ancestor of the Voorhees family in this country. 

Stephen Courten, the emigrant, had brothers Hcndrick, Jan, Hilbert 
and Wesvil ; sisters Gertian and Mergin. Their father's name was Cour- 
ten Albertse, who lived in Holland and died in 1599. According to a 
custom prevailing there, of adopting the Christian name of the father 
as the surname of the child, Qourten Albertse's father's name must have 
been Albert. 

Peter Voorhees the first, the great-great-great-grandfather of John S. 
Voorhees, and son of Garret Courten, bought, in 3720, 231 acres of the 
Van Horn tract of land, lying about one mile west of Blawenburg, and 
settled on it. He married two wives, both named Nevius. Plis children 
were Mary, Jane, Peter, John, Leah and Sarah. 

Peter the second married two wives and had, by the first : 
Peter the third, who married Catharine Skillman ; Leah, who mar- 
ried Abraham Yoorhees, and Martin, who married Elsha Van Dyke, and 
lived and died at Harlingen. 

Martin Voorhees had children : Peter the fourth, who married Jane 
Schenck, daughter of Capt. John Schenck of Amwell, a brave and daring 
officer in the Revolution; John, M. D., who remained unmarried, died in 
the South, where he had gone for his health, and was for some time an 
inmate of the family of General Jackson ; Leah, who married Ferdinand 
S. Schenck, M. D., and lived and died at Six-Mile Run ; Charity, who mar- 
ried Joseph Patterson, and lived and died at Ten-Mile Run; Sarah, who 
married Abram Cruser, who was for some time Sheriff of Middlesex 
County, and lived and died near Kingston ; Frederick V. D.,, who married 
Cornelia, daughter of Rev. Henry Polhemus, and lived and died on the 
homestead at Harlingen. 

Peter the fourth, who married Jane Schenck, lived on the homestead 
of the fifth generation and was the last of the Yoorhees family who owned 
and occupied it. He was esteemed as a worthy member and supporter of 
the church at Blawenburg, and rendered important aid in the organization 



Il6 . Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

of the congregation and in the building of the church edifice in 1830. He 
was for a time Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, for three years a 
member of the Legislature (at the time the Constitution of 1844 was 
adopted). He had other important public trusts committed to him which 
he executed, enjoying the confidence of his fellow-citizens. He had seven 
children: Alice, who married John V. D. Joline, M. D., of Princeton; 
John S., who married Sarah Ann Van Doren of Six-Mile Run; Charity, 
who married Samuel D. Bergen and lives at Princeton ; Mary, who mar- 
ried Reuben A. Drake and lived at Hopewell ; Ada H. ; Jane P., who mar- 
ried Rev. J. B. Davis, at present pastor of the Presbyterian Church of 
Hightstown, and who died in 1873; Peter, the fifth, who married Anna, 
a sister to Hon. William L. Dayton, the former Minister to France who 
died in Paris, is a counsellor-at-law, and lives in Camden ; and Freder- 
ick, who is unmarried and is a counsellor and practices law 'at Mount 
Holly. 

Judge Peter Voorhees' sister, Leah, married Ferdinand S. Schenck 
of the fifth generation of the descendants of John Schenck, who came 
from Flolland in 1650 and settled at Flatlands, L. I. His father was 
Martin Schenck, of Millstone, who enjoyed popular favor in a remarkable 
degree, serving in various public capacities as Member of Assembly, 
Judge of the Court, Sheriff of the County, etc., etc. An active member 
of the Reformed Church at Millstone, he was also an esteemed friend 
of General Frederick Frelinghuysen, who did much to advance his public 
and private interests. 

Sheriff Martin Schenck 's children were: Ferdinand S., who married 
Leah Voorhees; Sarah, who married (1st) Aaron Van Deventer. of 
Bound Brook, and (2nd) Joseph Van Doren, of Middlebush; Ellen, who 
married Joseph Annin ; Mary Ann, w r ho married Henry Wilson, Esq.. 
of Millstone, and Ulpean Van Sinderen, who died young. 

Peter Voorhees, the fifth, died on the homestead on the 4th day of 
July, 1853, a & e< 3 66 years. His wife, Jane Schenck, died aged about 50 
years. 

Aaron Flagaman and his wife Catherine emigrated from Amsterdam 
in Holland, resided in New Amsterdam for a short time, then moved to 
Flatbush, where he bought 118 acres of land in 1661. He died in 1672; 
his wife in 1690. Flis children were: First, Joseph who came with his 
father, married Femetie Rems of Albany, and died about 1745 ; had sev- 
eral children, all of whom settled in Kings County, L. I. Second, Hen- 
dricus, who emigrated with his father, and married Ariantie Bloodgood ; 
had one son named Adrian. Third, Jacobus, baptized March o. 1053; 
married, October 14, 1683, Janetie Ariens of Flatbush ; had a son Adrian, 
who married Elizabeth Van Wyck ; resided at one time at Pemaquid, 



Franklin Township Historical Notes 117 

Maine; may have had other children. Fourth, Abram of Flatbush, who 
married, August 30, 1690, Gertruy Jans, of Albany; had sons Adrian, 
of Flatbush, and Jan. Fifth, Denyse, of Flatbush, who married Lucretia 

, was engaged in the French wars, taken prisoner, sent to Quebec 

and from thence to France; had children Jacobus, Adrian, Dollies; also 
Joseph and Denice of Flatbush. Sixth, Benjamin, of Flatbush, who mar- 
ried, April 9, 1688, Berentie Janson of Albany; had daughters but no 
sons. Seventh, Elizabeth, who married Tobias Teneyck. 

As early as 1703 Dollies, Denice, Adrian and Jacobus Hagaman, 
(sons of Denyse and grandsons of Adrian the emigrant) appear to have 
located at Six-Mile Run and its vicinity. 

In 1 7 10 a Hendrick Hagaman was one of the owners of the Harlin- 
gen tract, containing 36 square miles and 23,760 acres of land, which they 
purchased of Peter Sonmans. 

Adrian Hagaman married Maria, a daughter of John Meet, whose 
lands joined his on the north, purchased land and built a house where 
John Garretson resides, lying on the Somerset side of the Old Path, being 
a part of No. 7, of the Long Island tract. In 1745 he was assessed for 
350 acres of land, 23 cattle and 15 sheep, amounting to 18s., 2d. He had 
seven sons: Flendrick, Adrian, Joseph, Simon, Jacobus and Benjamin, 
and three daughters : Gaertie, who married John Manley ; Mary, who 
married Adrian Hagaman ; and Catharine, who married Samuel YYaldron. 
In his lifetime he made advances to his children in lands and money, 
and so arranged it in his will that any of them owing the estate on bond 
might pay the principal at pleasure, paying the interest, and when the 
interest paid by any of them amounted to the sum of the principal, then 
the bond to be void. He died and was buried about three hundred 
yards west of his dwelling, along the line between his and the old Stryker 
property, where his wife Mary and others of the family were also buried. 
In his will, proved July 27, 1762, he left his real estate to his sons Ben- 
jamin and Simon, to be equally divided between them: to Benjamin the 
parts on which the buildings were; to Simon that part where Henry P. 
Cortelyou now lives. 

Benjamin Hagaman's first wife's name was Sarah, and they lived on 
the homestead. His daughters were Mary, who married Jacob Skillman ; 
Jane, who married Cornelius Waldron : and Gertrude, who married John 
P. Nevius, who removed to the Lakes in Western Xew York. His sons 
were Adrian, who married Frances Wyckoff and lived and died at Six- 
Mile Run; Benjamin, the second, who married Lena Garretson, of Mid- 
dlebush ; Simon, who married Ida Suydam and moved to Ohio; William, 
who had three wives, and lived and died at Three-Mile Run: Isaac, who 
married Maria Van Derveer, and lived at Harlingen, but died in Illinois; 



n8 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Peter, who married Nancy Suydam, and lived and owned the homestead, 
but died in Dayton, Ohio. He had three children : Sarah, who lived and 
died single; Cornelius, who died young, and Benjamin, who moved to 
Dayton, Ohio, and married there ; he was Captain of a Rifle Company 
raised in Franklin township and a brave military officer. He was after- 
wards appointed Major of Second Battalion, Third Regiment of Somerset 
Brigade, commanded by Col. Barcalow. 

Adrian Hagaman, the first settler, was succeeded on the homestead 
by his son Benjamin, he by his son, Peter, he by Abraham Beaudoine ; he 
by a Hoppock, who enlarged and remodeled the old house, and he by 
John Garretson, who owns and has resided on the property for about 
twenty years, having by good farming restored its old wornout land to a 
state of fertility probably never anticipated by its previous owners. 

The farm of ex-sheriff Voorhees, lying in the rear of the Hagaman 
homestead and extending to the Middlebush road, and first settled on by 
Ryke Suydam, then containing 158 acres, was a part of the original Haga- 
man tract. 

In 1766, Simon Hagaman, the son of Adrian, lived in a house built 
on his half of the old tract on the site now occupied by Henry P. Cor- 
telyou. Nothing further has been traced connected with his family or his 
children. He was succeeded on the place by Benjamin Hagaman, the 
second (son of Benjamin, the first), who married Lena Garretson of 
Middlebush, and who resided on it until his death. He was succeeded by 
Dr. Wilkins, who built a new house thereon ; he by Henry P. Cortelyou, 
now residing on the property, who enlarged the house, improved the out- 
buildings, and made many other important improvements, among which 
is the large and beautiful lawn with its many green trees, from which it 
has been very appropriately named "Greenlawn Farm. " 

Aaron Hagaman came into possession and owned for a time the rear 
part of the tract, which extended to the Middlebush Road, and built on it. 
It is now owned by Abram Voorhees, President of the State Bank at New 
Brunswick. Henry Bound owned and lived on a part lying near the 
middle of the old tract, which has had the following owners : Adrian Hag- 
aman, the first ; his son Simon; Benjamin, the second ; Abram Voorhees ; 
William P. Durant; Henry Bound and Henry P .Cortelyou. This tract, 
more than any other, by old-time cropping and farming, had become re- 
duced to such a state of barrenness, that, on parts of it, corn was often 
seen to grow no higher than knee and middle high, but by the application 
of modern fertilizers and improved methods of culture it has yielded to 
its owner seventy bushels of corn to the acre, and other crops propor- 
tionately. If Dr. Franklin, in his wisdom, asserted that he who caused 
two spears of grass to grow where but one grew before was a public bene- 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 119 

factor, what must be said of that citizen who causes four to grow where 
one grew before ? 

[To be Continued] 



EARLIEST AMERICAN ANCESTORS OF SOMERSET FAMILIES 

FROM THE EDITOR'S NOTE ROOK 

Most of our Somerset readers, including those out of the County who 
belong to original Somerset families, seem still to be unaware of their 
earliest American ancestors. While all such cannot be named, because 
unknown even to those who have made diligent search to ascertain who 
they were, yet many are known to the historians, and some of these, of 
more or less familiar names, are herewith given. They are taken from 
notes made from time to time, and, while not always to be depended upon 
as absolutely accurate, generally speaking they are believed to be correct. 
Although not always so stated, it is to be understood that these first ances- 
tors are supposed to be those from whom the Somerset families of the 
name have descended. These notes are gleaned from many sources, a 
large proportion of which the writer could state to anyone interested. We 
omit the authorities as not relevant to our present purpose, which is to 
mention very briefly the genealogical starting points in this country. Most 
of the notes could be greatly amplified, if necessary. The sons of the 
first ancestors are stated where known. Some of the family names given 
may not be represented at present in the County, but the most of them 
are. Where family names belonging to Somerset are omitted, but readers 
of the Quarterly know of their first ancestor in the male line, they will 
.confer a favor to the Editor by sending the facts to him (with authorities) 
• for printing in a supplementary list. 

Adams. — William, Paul and Samuel Adams came from Glasgow 
about 1745. Samuel first settled on Long Island, and later in Hunterdon 
co., N. J. Samuel had descendants at Liberty Corner, this County. (Some 
particulars of this family will appear in the next Quarterly). 

Allen. — Joseph Allen, b. in England, came over about 16S0, and 
later settled in Washington Valley, Warren twsp., this County. Had a 
son Joseph, and probably others. About the same date a John Allen, 
Quaker, resided at Woodbridge. There were also Allings in New Jersey 
who became Aliens. 

Alward. — Henry Alward came from England with Governor Car- 
taret and settled at Woodbridge in 1665. He married Judith Hendrick- 
son, Jan. 26, 1693. Sons were David, John and Henry. Son Henry 

removed to Basking Ridge, or near Liberty Corner, about 1730; wife 

Compton. 



120 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Amerman. — Dirck Jansen Amerman came from Holland in 1650 and 
settled at Flatlands ; d. 1723; m. Aeltje Paulus Vander Beeck. Sons 
were Isaac, Gerbrecht, Paulus, Jacobus, Jan and Albert. 

ANDERSON. — Joachim Andriessen, an early settler of Elizabethtown 
(about 1664), was the ancestor of various North Jersey Andersons. Sons 
were Elias, Joshua, Cornells, Andries and Benjamin. John Anderson, of 
Ireland or Scotland, settled near Hackensack about 1725; m. Elizabeth 
Demarest. Sons were John, David and Jacob (or James). 

Annin. — John Annin and wife Elizabeth, also son William, came 
from Scotland about 1732, and settled near Liberty Corner. William 
erected the "Stone House" in 1766 where the Annin family descendants 
gathered in 1866, celebrating a centennial. 

Anthony. — Paul Anthony, a German, came from Rotterdam, Hol- 
land, in the ship "Perth Amboy" in 1736; settled at present Fairmount, 
Hunterdon co. To his one son Phillip, of Sussex co., the Anthonys of 
Somerset are traceable. 

Apgar.- — Johan Adam Ebert (original name Ebgert) came from 
Lombardy, Italy, to Philadelphia, about 1749, and he or most of his chil- 
dren were later settled in Hunterdon co., taking the name of Apgar. 

Arrowsmith. — The earliest of the name I have found is Edward 
Arrowsmith, who was on Staten Island in 16S3, and a Joseph, Thomas 
and Edward later. English, no doubt. 

Auten-Aten. — Adrian Hendricks Aten was at Flatbush in 1684; 
Thomas Aten, in 1787; and Jan Aten a£ New Lots, L. I., in 1701. Both 
Thomas and Jan were progenitors of Aten descendants in Somerset, and 
the Auten family is believed to be of the same stock. 

Avers, Ayres. — John Avers (Eyre, originally), b. about 1588. came 
probably from Nottinghamshire, England, about 1637, and settled at Sal- 
isbury, Mass., and at Plaverhill in 1647. His oldest known ancestor went 
to England with William the Conqueror and settled in Derbyshire. John d. 
1657 and wife 1688. Sons were John, who m. Sarah Williams; Robert, 
who m. Elizabeth Palmer ; Thomas, who m. Elizabeth Hutchins ; Peter, 
who m. Hannah Allen ; Obadiah, who m. Hannah Pike ; and Nathaniel, 
who m. Tamesin Turlvar. Obadiah (who d. 1694), settled at Wood- 
bridge, and his descendants scattered through Middlesex, Somerset and 
adjoining counties. His son John settled at Basking Ridge. It has also 
been stated that an Ezekiel Avers came from Aberdeen, Scotland, about 
1720, and settled at Basking Ridge; and that a David Ayers came from 
Scotland about 1750, settling at Liberty Corner, while a brother to David 
settled at Metuchen. David was b. about 1730; d. 1S15; was Common 
Pleas Judge of Somerset from 1796. 

Baird. — John Baird came from Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1683. and 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 121 

settled at Topenemus, Monmouth co., X. J. He was b. about 1656, and 
d. 1755; m. Mary Hall. Sons were John. David, Andrew and Zebulon. 
An Alexander Baird is said to have come from Scotland, and was a law- 
yer of Kings co., X. Y. He m. Magdalena Van Yleek. Sons were Chris- 
topher, William, Benjamin, Abraham and Robert. Major William Baird, 
of Somerset, in the Revolution, whose wife was Elsie Van Yleet, was a 
son of William. 

Baldwin. — John George Baldwin and Abigail, his wife, believed 
to have come from England, were at Gravesend, L. I. in 1657. Sons were 
John, James and (probably) Joseph and George. As a rule the New 
Jersey families have descended from John, Jr., who became a prominent 
man in Xewark. 

Bartow. — Rev. John Bartow, rector of St. Peter's church, West- 
chester, N. Y., was a son of General Bertant, a French Protestant, who 
fled to England in 1685, and doubtless Somerset Bartows descend from 
this General, if not from the clergyman named. 

Barklev. — John Barkley (brother to Robert, one of the Twenty- 
four Proprietors of East Jersey), came from England in 1683 and settled 
at Perth Amboy, becoming a Surrogate-General in 1692. It is probable 
that Bedminster Barkleys and Bartleys descend from him. 

Barcalow. — Willem Janse Van Borckelloo (as he wrote his name) 
■emigrated from Borculo in Guelderland, Holland, about 1657. Sons were 
Jan, Willem, Dirk, Daniel and Coenrad, who settled in Somerset. 

Bayles. — John Bayles came from England and settled near King- 
ston, this county; m. a Davidson; d. 1820. Sons were Robert, Samuel 
and John. 

Beekman. — Wilhelmus Beekman was b. at Hassett, Belgium. Apr. 
28, 1623 ; came to Xew Amsterdam 1647 : m. Catalina DeBoog from 
Amsterdam, Dec. 5, 1649. Sons were Hendrick, Gerardus and Johannis. 

Bellis. — William Bellesfelt came from Xeuwied, Germany, prior to 
1730, when he was naturalized in Xew Jersey. Sons were Adam, Johann 
William, Peter and Johannes. The Bellis families descend from them. 

Bennet. — W'illiam Adrianse Bennet, an Englishman, came to 
Gowanus, L. L. prior to 1636; m. Mary Badye (or Thomas). Sons were 
Arie, Willem and Christian. He was probably the ancestor of all the 
Xew Jersey Bcnnets. 

Berg. — Rev. Herman C. Berg, formerly of Rocky Hill, and Dr. 
Joseph F. Berg, formerly of North Branch, now of Plainfield. are the only 
ones of the name who have ever lived in Somerset. Their father, Rev. 
Joseph F. Berg, was b. in the Island of Antiqua, W. I., and his father, 
Rev. Christian F. Berg, was of Denmark, a Moravian missionary. 

Bergen. — Hans Hansen Bergen, native of Bergen, Norway, a ship 



122 ' Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

carpenter, went first to Holland, and from thence emigrated, in 1633, to 
New Amsterdam. He m., in 1639, Sarah, dau. of Joris Jansen Rapalie, 
the first white female child b. in the State of New York. He d. about 
1654. His sons were Jan, Michael, Jores and Jacob. Mr. Justice Bergen 
. as also Hon. Frank Bergen, descend from Jores, but there are descend- 
ants of other sons in Somerset. 

Berrien. — Probably of French origin, but the first American ances- 
tor, Cornelis Jansen, took a Dutch name. He was at Flatbush in 1669; 
m. Jannetie Stryker. Son Peter had a son, John, who was the noted 
Judge Berrien of Rocky Hill. 

Berry. — John Berry, of England, settled near the James river, Vir- 
ginia, about 1626, and is probably the same who settled near the Hacken- 
sack river in 1669. Supposed to be the ancestor of the N. J. families of 
N. that name. 

x. Billew. — Peter Billew, of Artois, Normandy, cadet, a French 
Huguenot, arrived in New Amsterdam in 166 1 with his wife, Francoise 
DuBois, and five children. In 1670 he settled at Flatbush; d. 1699. He 
owned land in Piscataway, N. J., though not removing thereto. Sons 
were Isaac and Jacob. In some instances the name in Somerset became 
Billue. 

Bird. — Jonathan Bird, b. about 1655, was a farmer near Rahway; d. 
1738; m. Abigail Jones. Sons were Joseph, Hampton, Samuel, Reuben 
and John. 

Blackford. — Samuel Blackford, probably English-born, was in Pis- 
cataway twsp., Middlesex co., in 1695. (See, further, Quarterly, Jan., 
1916, p. 2). 

Blackwell. — Robert Blackwell from England, was in Piscataway 
twsp., Middlesex co., in 1670, when he m. Mary Manning. 

Blair. — The Blair families are of Scotch descent (Ayrshire), and 
came over in various groups from 1720 onward. 

Blauvelt. — Gerrit Hendricksen (Blauvelt) came from Deventer, 
Holland, prior to 1646; m., in New Amsterdam, May 7, 1646, Marie 
Lambert; settled at Tappan, N. Y. ; d. about 16S4. Sons were Hendrick, 
Huybert, Johannes, Abram and Isaac. 

Bloom. — Claes Barentse Blom came from Holland in the ship "Fox" 
September 2, 1662; m., Apr. 26, 1685, Elizabeth Poulis, widow oi 
Michael Vandervoort, and resided at Flatbush. Sons were Parent and 
Simon. 

Bodine. — Jean Boudin, descended from the celebrated French econ- 
omist, Jean Bodin, was b. at Medis, France, and m. there Esther Rridon. 
He d. on Staten Island in 1695. Sons were Jean, Eleazor and Francis. 
The Somerset line of Bodines comes through Francis. 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 123 

Boice. — Jan Cornells Buys came from Holland in 1648, and m., in 
New Amsterdam (1), about 1653, Ida Lubbertse ; (2), Aug. 24, 1C63, 
Femmetje Jans, widow; (3), before 1674, Willemptje Tyssen, widow. 
Resided at Flatbush. Sons were Iiendrick, Lubbcrt, Cornelis, Jacob and 
Matthys. Jacob settled in Middlesex co., N. J., and was ancestor to 
Somerset Boice families. 

Booraem. — William Jacobse Van Boerum, b. 17 17 at Boerurn, Hol- 
land, came from Amsterdam in 1649 (or 1657). Sons, Jacob and Hen- 
drick, emigrated with him. From Hendrick the Booraems of near and at 
New Brunswick descend. 

Bogart. — Tunis Gisbertse Bogaerdt came from Heikop, Holland, in 
1662, settling in Brooklyn, where he m. the widow of Hans Hansen Bergen, 
the ancestor of the Bergen family. Sons were Gisbert (b. 166S), Adrian 
and Cornelis. Gisbert heads the Somerset County line, which spelled the 
name Bogart. The Bogert families of Bergen county descend from a 
Cornelis Jansen Bogert ; not connected with Tunis, so far as known. 

Bowman. — Thomas Bouwman is said to have come from Germany 

prior to 1717, and settled near New Brunswick; m. Neeltje . Sons 

were Thomas, Cornelis, Peter and Jores, all of whom had children bap- 
tized at Readington. 

Boyd. — Robert Boyd, native of Scotland, first settled in Ireland, 
where a son John was born ; then came to Pennsylvania. John settled in 
Franklin co., Pa. His son William, b. in 1758, became pastor of the 
Presbyterian church at Lamington in 1784. Other brothers were Robert, 
Rev. John and James. 

Boyle. — William and Solomon Boyle came from Ireland about 1696, 
Solomon m. a French lady and, settling at Long Hill, had ten children. 

• Brokaw. — Bourgon Browcard, a French Huguenot exile, fled from 
France to Mannheim, Germany, thence came, in 1675, to Bushwick, L. I., 
afterward settling near Newtown. His wife was Catherine Lefebre. Of 
his five sons, John, Jacob, Peter and Abraham came to Somerset early in 
1700, and Isaac (the eldest) remained on Long Island. 

Brower. — Adam Brouwer (said to have been originally Berckhoven) 
came in 1642 to Brooklyn, and had sons, Peter, Jacobus, Mathys, William, 
Abraham and Nicholas. 

Brunson. — Daniel Brinson, of Devonshire, England, came to Amer- 
ica about 1677; m. Frances Greenland; settled near Princeton, in Somer- 
set County. (For particulars, see Quarterly. Vol. Ill, p. 289). 

Bunn.— John Bunn came from Germany prior to 1757, and settled 
in this County near Pottersville. Had a son Conrad, and perhaps Gerrit. 

Cam mann. — Augustus R. Cammann came to New Jersey from Han- 
over, Germany, in 1819, and later settled near Somerville in the old Van 



124 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Veghtcn house. Albert Cammann, formerly a resident of Somerville, was 
his son. 

Carr. — Francis K. Carr, of Birmingham, Eng., came over in 183 1, 
settling at Spuyten Duyvil, and then Hudson, X. Y. ; wife, Jane Spencer. 
His son, Francis Spencer, came to Somerset; owned, latterly, the Hend- 
rick Fisher farm at Bound Brook, where he d. in 1905. 

Case. — William Case, b. about 1614, came from England on the ship 

"Dorset/' in 1635, and settled in Rhode Island ; m. Martha . John 

P. and William Kaes came from Germany before 1730, the first named 
settling near Flemington. Some New Jersey families descend from Wil- 
liam Case, but the Somerset Case family generally descend from John 
Philip Kaes, whose sons were William, Hendrick, Peter and Philip. 

Castner. — John Peter Txassener was probably the ancestor of the 
Castners of Somerset. He came as a widower from Germany; m., 171 1. 
in New York, Magdalena Paan, widow of Jacob Ho ft". Probable sons were 
Peter, Jacob and George, 

Chambers. — Ranald Chambers, of Scotch descent, came about 1720 
from the North of Ireland, settling near Newville, Pa.; d. 1746. Wife's 
name unknown. Son John was ancestor of family of the late Rev. Talbot 
W. Chambers, D. D. 

Childs. — Ephraim Childs, b. May 3, 1593; m., Feb. 8, 1625, at Nay- 
land, Suffolkshire, England, Elizabeth Bond Plainer (dan. of Jonas Bond, 
of Bury St. Edmunds). He came to this country in 1630. Sons were 
Richard and John. The Somerset line descends through this John as 
follows: Silas, Luther, Frederick; then William, Sr., of Basking Ridge. 

Clark. — William Clarke, known as Lieutenant Clarke, b. in Dorset- 
shire, England, in 1609, arrived, 1630, and aided to found Dorchester 
and Northampton, Mass.; d. 1690. Wife Sarah . Sons were Jona- 
than, Xathaniel, John, Samuel and William. Nathaniel was progenitor 
of the late Hon. Alvah A. Clark, but most New Jersey Clarks descend 
from wholly different ancestors. Samuel Clark came from Herefordshire, 
Eng., about 16S0, and located at Westrkid, from whom many Xew Jersey 
Clarks descend. 

Codington'. — Stockdale Codington, of Norman descent, and doubtless 
from England, was at Roxbury, Mass., prior to 1650, and heads the line 
of Codingtons in this county. (See Quarterly, Vol. II, p. 125 ). 

Cole. — Barent Jacobsen Kool came from Holland to Xew Amster- 
dam prior to 1633. Tunis Cool came from Holland on ship "Spotted 
Cow" in 1663; (1. next year. His son, Cornelius, came with him, when 
eight years old, and m. Janneke Brink. 

CoxiPTON. — William Compton came from England and settled at 
Middletown, Monmouth co., in 1667. 

[To be Continued] 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 125 

GASTON FAMILY LINES OF SOMERSET 

BY MRS. ANNA REGKR GASTON, SOMERVILLE, N. J. 
[Continued from Page 45] 

Children of William Gaston (46) and Naomi Teeple: 

62. John W., b. Sept. 26, 1783; d. June 20, 1859; m., Oct. 17, 
1805, Sarah Castner (dau. of Daniel Castner and .Mary Thompson), who 
was b. Oct. 26, 1782, and d. Apr. 8, 1859. He was brought up to the 
harness maker's trade, but became later a farmer, and was probably a res- 
ident of Pluckemin until 1808, when he removed to Somerville. In 1809 
he purchased a lot next to the Academy lot, near the corner of Main and 
Bridge streets, Somerville, having sold his Pluckemin residence in 1808 
to James Harriot. In 1812, or before, he seems to have again settled near 
Pluckemin. .On Dec. 10, 1816, he purchased a farm of 141 acres from 
Dennis Stryker. This farm adjoined those of Tunis Van Derveer and 
Abraham Quick, and has been known, during the whole century since, as 
the "Gaston Homestead of North Branch/' When an effort was made to 
build the Presbyterian church at Pluckemin he was so deeply interested 
that he volunteered to mortgage his farm to raise money for building 
the edifice. At the organization of this church in 1851 he was one of its 
founders. His wife met an unfortunate death by fire. During the absence 
of a maid, while busy with the cooking, her clothing took fire from a 
spark from the stove, burning her so severely that she died the same day. 
(For ch., see infra). 

63. William, b. Sept. 26, 1785; d. Sept. 12, 1837; unm. This 
William was given a liberal education and, in November, 1805, estab- 
lished himself as a cotton merchant in Savannah, Ga., with a branch office 
in New -York City, where he employed his nephew, William Ker Gaston, 
as his assistant. While he was in his New York office, conversing with 
this nephew, he became suddenly ill and died in a few hours. The late 
Dr. A. W. McDowell, writing of him in 1873, m "Our Home," says 01 
him (but making an error as to his education) : 

"He was a self-made man. As a merchant he built up a character 
for probity, energy and success, of which any man might be proud. With 
but limited means of education he was forced to learn lessons of wisdom 
by his own experience. Under all these disadvantages he was a most 
successful merchant; his name to this day is always mentioned in Savan- 
nah, or Georgia, with the highest respect and consideration. . . . 
He was a bachelor living in handsome style and was fond of entertaining 
his friends and lavishing his hospitality. The father of the writer [the 
Rev. Dr. William A. McDowell], while residing in Charleston, had 
occasion to visit Savannah. He met a select party of gentlemen at 
William's house. He remarked to me he had never seen a handsomer 



126 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

entertainment at the South. ... In one of [its] wide old streets, 
under the shade of lofty evergreens, is the old Savannah cemetery. Here, 
in a handsome vault, erected at the expense of $1,500, masoned up with a 
marble door, reposes all that is mortal of William Gaston. *' 

The following was published as a ''broadside" in Savannah in 1837: 

"At a meeting of merchants and citizens generally, held (in pursu- 
ance of a public notice) at the Exchange, in the city of Savannah, on 
Thursday, September 21st, 1837, for the purpose of testifying their 
respects for the memory of the late William Gaston, Esq., and their deep 
sense of the loss sustained by this community by his decease. 

"Joseph Cumming, Esq., was called to the chair, and William P. 
Hunter was appointed Secretary. 

"The following preamble and resolutions were offered by George 
Schley, Esq., and unanimously adopted, viz. : 

" William Gaston, for many years conspicuous as one of our most emi- 
nent merchants and respectable citizens, having been through the 
wise dispensations of Providence removed from us by death, and 
this sad event having occurred when at a distance from this, the 
place of his home, so that his fellow-citizens were denied the melan- 
choly satisfaction of individually offering to his remains the last rites 
of respect and affection, they deem it proper publicly to commune 
on this occasion, and to express their deep regret for a bereavement 
which cannot but touch the sympathies, not only of this community, 
but of thousands far away, for the strangers' friend will not be 
unwept, while gratitude yields to worth the just tribute of a tear. 
" 'It is therefore Resolved, as the sentiment of this meeting, that Mr. 
Gaston as a merchant was distinguished for his intelligence, industry and 
integrity — for his promptness, frankness and liberality. That, as a citi- 
zen, he was patriotic, public-spirited and munificent — and in the contribu- 
tion of private charity, of unsurpassed benevolence. That he was the 
patron of merit in every form and emphatically the friend of the stranger, 
'dispensing with a liberal hand the avails of his honorable and successful 
enterprise. That in the intercourse of domestic life his friends can, 
through long years, remember his cheerful welcome and kind hospitality 
— his glowing genius, refined intelligence and accomplished manners — his 
generous and confiding spirit. That Mr. Gaston in his character as a man 
and a citizen, combined a rare assemblage of virtues which no time can 
efface from our memory — and although they are extensively known and 
appreciated, we choose the melancholy pleasure of repeating them, as a 
salutary contemplation and attractive example ; and for their commemor- 
ation be it further 

" 'Resolved, That under the superintendence of a Committee to be 
appointed for that purpose, there shall be erected in the Old Cemetery a 
vault for the interment of strangers, which shall bear the name oi the 
Gaston Vault, as a monument to perpetuate the living kindness of the 
strangers' friend, and teaching posterity a lesson of universal philan- 
thropy.' 

"A committee of seven was then appointed by the chair as the 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 127 

committee to erect the vault, and the following resolutions were then 
offered and adopted : 

" 'Resolved, That the chairman in behalf of this meeting, be re- 
quested to address Mr. Wm. K. Gaston a letter requesting him, if it 
meets his approbation, to have the remains of his late uncle, William 
Gaston, Esq., brought to this city, it being in the opinion of this meeting 
the most proper place for their repose. 

" 'Resolved, That a copy of the proceedings of this meeting be 
forwarded to the relatives of the late William Gaston, and that they also 
be published.' " 

64. Walter, b. Oct. 10, 1787; d. Nov. 8, 1787. 

65. Margaret, b. Oct. 30, 1789; d. Nov. 3, 1827; m., Mar. 30, 

1819, John Mehelm McEowen (son of William McEowen, Esq., and 
Martha Mehelm), who was b. about 1784 and d. Nov. 7, 1820, in his 33rd 
year. They resided in Pluckemin. No children. 

66. Joseph, b. Feb. 13, 1792 ; d. Apr. 5, 1814; unm. 

6y. Oliver, b. Jan. 8, 1795; d. June 10, 1821 ; unm. By his will 
of Aug. 8, 1818, he gave all his estate to his brother William, of Savannah. 
He signed his name "Oliver B." in his will (presumably Berton). Wil- 
liam was made executor, but renounced in favor of Sheriff John I. Gas- 
ton (73). 

68. James (twin with Oliver), b. Jan. 8, 1795; d. 1S60; m., Mar., 

1820, but name of wife is unknown. He settled in Huntington, Ala., and 
had children ; names unknown. He and a son Oliver visited their friends 
in N. J. in 1858, when he came to New York to witness the first laying 
of the Atlantic cable. 

69. Abraham, b. Apr. 25, 1797; d. Jan., 1823; unm. 

70. Hugh, b. Aug. 2j, 1800; d. Mar. 30, 1821 ; unm. At the time 
of his decease he was about to enter college. 

Children of Joseph Gaston (47) and Ida Van Arsdalen: 

71. Eliza, of Pluckemin, N. J., b. Nov. 17, 1782; d. Nov. 11, 1857; 

m. Annin. She resided, when a widow, with her sister Sarah E. 

[A correspondent states that she m. (2nd?) John Collyer, who d. Jan. 5, 
1865. — Editor]. 

y2. Isaac Van Arsdalen, of Pluckemin, N. J., b. Sept. 9, 1784; 
d. Feb. 11, 181 1 ; m. Mar. 15, 1810, Jane Van Arsdale. He was a farmer 
and also saddler. If ch., names unknown. 

73. John I., known as "Sheriff" Gaston, b. Feb. 14, 17S7; d. Mar. 
23, 1846; m. (1) Catherine Annin, who was b. Jan. 22, 1787, and d. Aug. 
30, 1834; (2), May 14, 1835, Elizabeth Van Vcghten (widow of General 
John Frelinghuysen), who d. in 1867, and by whom no ch. (Her will 
names her children by her first husband). John I. seems to have resided 



128 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

in Bernards twsp., in 1813, when he and his wife Catherine, of that twsp., 
conveyed land there to Dr. Samuel Swan. In 1814 he was of "Bridge- 
water twsp.," and sold 2 l /i acres of land at Pluckemin. He was an auc- 
tioneer in 182 j, perhaps living then at I'luckemin. He was afterward a 
prominent citizen of Somerville during most of his life. He was sheriff 
of the County i826-'28, and again from i832-*34. In 1836 he was one 
of those who projected the Raritan water power. He served on the Com- 
mittee which built the original Second Reformed church at Somerville 
in 1834, and was elder of that church in 1836 and 1845. By ms u ' n '^ °f 
Mar. 2, 1846, he mentions his daughter Eliza Sergeant, deceased, son 
Joseph A. Gaston, and son-in-law, George H. Brown. (For ch., s?e 
infra). 

74. Margaret B., b. Feb. 21, 1789; d. July 9, 1804. 

75. William B., b. Aug. 9, 1791 ; d. Alar. 9, 1859; m - (0 Eliza- 
beth Vail (widow of Alexander Vail and dau. of Alexander Kirkpatrick 
and Sarah Carle), who was b. Sept. 21, 1789, and d. Jan. 28, 1837; (2) ; 
Martha Demun, who was b. July 19, 1805, and d. Oct. 19, 1863. He was 
a merchant at Basking Ridge during the early part of his life, but removed 
to Somerville about 18.24, and kept a grocery store opposite the Court- 
house, besides becoming the owner of considerable real estate. He 
became an elder of the Second Ref. church, Somerville, in 1837. He 
served three terms as Justice of the Peace, dating in 1827, 1837 and 1842, 
and was appointed one of the lay Judges of the county in 1827, 1832, and 
again in 1842. In 1847 ^ e was one °f tne organizers of the Somerset 
County Bible Society. By his will of Dec. 1, 1S55, he mentions his wife 
Martha and his sons John, William, Alexander K. r Joseph and Hugh M. 
(For ch., see infra). 

76. Sarah E., b. Dec. 9. 1793; d. 1885; m. Garret Conover of 
Pluckemin, a shoemaker, who was some twenty-five years younger than 
his wife. She was an educated lady, and a teacher in her younger years. 
They lived nearly opposite the Presbyterian ch. in Pluckemin. Garret's 
shop was in the second story of his house, and this was, says a correspon- 
dent, "quite a rendezvous for those who liked to hear him tell good stor- 
ies." No ch. 

jj. Lydia, b. 1795 ; d. 1800. 

Children of Stephen Gaston (49) and Hannah Wright: 
77a. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 1, 1808. 
77b. -Sarah, b. Jan. 24, 1810. 
77c. Minerva, b. Feb. 14, 1812. 
77d. Julia, b. Feb. 26, 181 5. 
yye. Ogden, b. Mar. 5, 1822; m. Elizabeth Ann Simpson (dau. of 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 129 

John Simpson of Cambridge, N. Y. ). They removed to Andersonville, 
Michigan, in 1852, and later to Detroit. Children : 

(1) Chari.es Henry, b. at Troy, N. Y., 'May 15, 1850; m. first, 
June, 1873, Mary Beatrice Warren (dau. of Rev. Square Warren, a 
pioneer Methodist clergyman of Michigan), who d. Aug., 1903 ; second, 
a Mrs. Billard, of Connecticut. lie has been in the American News Co. 
employ for forty years, and for twenty years of that period has been man- 
ager of the New York Blank Book Co., a branch of the former-named 
Company. Ch. (by M. B. W. ) : (a) Chakles Robert, Ph.D., b. Sept. 
6, 1874; President of the New York Association of Teachers of English, 
and head of the English department of the Richmond Hill High School, 
New York City. He is also the editor of thirteen volumes of '"English 
Classics." (b) Alice Elizabeth, b. June 6, 1876. (c) Homer Warren, 
b. Aug. 11, 1877 ; d. 1895. (d) John Ocden, b. Jan. 10, 1879 ; a physician 
of Rochester, Mich, (e) Mary Beatrice, b. Jan. 6, 1888. (By Mrs. 
B.) ; (f) Margaret. 

(2) Marietta, b. Sept. 24, 1854. 

(3) Fremont, b. Oct. 31, 1857; d. by drowning, in 1876. 

(4) Theodore William, b. Mar. 7, i860. 

(5) Orra Maria, b. Nov. 16, 1862. 

(6) George Tiffany, b. Mar. 28, 1867. He was city clerk of 
Detroit, Mich., two terms and was sheriff of Wayne county, two terms. 

Children of John W. Gaston and Sarah Castner: 

78. William Ker, b. July 23, 1806; d. Dec. 24, 1885; m., Nov. 10, 
1846, Aletta Margaret Tunison (dau. of Abram Tunison of Burnt Mills), 
who was b. Aug. 5, 1821, and d. Dec. 12, 1890. He was employed by 
his uncle, William Gaston (63), the Savannah merchant, in the branch 
office in New York City. After his uncle's death he owned a stock farm 
at Bound Brook; then removed to Somerville, where he resided until his 
death. (For ch., see infra). 

79. Daniel Castner, b. Oct. 14, 1807; d. Aug. 2, 1888; m., Jan. 
28, 1830, Ida Ann Vliet (dau. of William Yliet and Catherine Van Dyke), 
who was b. July 9, 181 1, and d. Feb. 29, 1880. Mr. Gaston was a farmer, 
owning a farm originally near Burnt Mills, Somerset County. In t S 5 5 
he sold this farm to Frederick H. Lane, which is at present occupied by 
Archibald B. Vanderbeek. Between 1856 and 1875 ' 1C resided on a small 
farm near Pluckemin, previously owned by his brother, Hugh ^87), on 
which the latter had built a fine new house, and now in possession of 
William B. Powelson. The southern half of his farm embraced the tract 
on which the well-known Bryan LefTerty house, of Revolutionary fame, 
stood, which was torn down about 1879 by the then owner, Alvin T. Beck. 

9 



130 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

In the latter year he removed to Somerville, where he resided on Bridge 
street until his death. (For ch., sec infra). 

80. Samuel Brant, b. Dec. 14, 1809; d. Nov. 1, 1870; m., June 
15, 1833, Jane Maria Van Dcrveer (dau. of Tunis Van Dervecr and 
Sarah Van Arsdale), who was b. Oct. 4, 1815, and d. June 28, 1891. He 
became a New York merchant dealing in dry goods, and later removed to 
Trenton where he was engaged in selling general clothing, and tailoring. 
(For ch., see infra). 

81. Margaret, b. Nov. 29, 181 1; d. Oct. 31. 1869; m. Dr. 
Thomas Blackwell, who d. Feb. 12, 1876. Dr. Blackwell first practiced 
medicine at Kingston, N. J., and then removed to the farm of his 
father near Burnt Mills, where, retired from practice, he spent the 
remainder of his life. Children: (1) Sarah, b. 1738; d. Feb. 4. 1S53. 
(2) John Gaston, b. Sept. 9, 1839; d. Dec. 18, 1857. (3) Margaret, 
deceased. 

82. Robert, b. Dec. 15, 1813; d. Feb. 17, 1890; m., Feb. 4, 1839, 
Martha Eliza Lane (dau. of Job Lane and Susanna Nevius), who was 
b. Nov. 28, 1813, and d. Aug. 10, 1878. Like his brother Dane] he 
owned a farm at Burnt Mills, which he sold to William E. Paulison, and 
then removed to Pluckemin where he made bis home until the death of 
his wife in 1878, when he removed to Somerville, and thereafter resided 
with his brother Hugh. Fie was a successful business man, and at his 
death, having no children, it was found that his will made bequests to the 
Reformed church at Bedminster of $2,000 and a similar bequest to the 
American Bible Society and the Boards of Domestic Mission and Educa- 
tion of the Reformed church in America, while the residue (about 
$35,000) was willed to the Board of Foreign Missions of the same denom- 
ination. The last bequest was contested by his relatives and a compro- 
mise effected. No ch. 

83. Joseph, b. Apr. 12, 1816; d. Dec. 3, 1832. 

84. John, of North B-anch, N. J., b. Aug. 31, 1818; d. Feb. 3. 
1888; m., Nov. 17, 1842, Rebecca Ann Wortman (dau. of Capt. John 
Duryea Wortman and Catherine Van Nest), who was b. Oct. 2, 1S16, 
and d. Dec. 15, 1902. The farm of 160 acres owned by his father was 
deeded to him June 16, 1857, and he resided thereon until his death. 
Capt. Wortman, who was named for Rev. John Duryea, of Bedminster. 
was b. 1790 and d. i860; was Captain of local militia. (For ch., see infra). 

85. Oliver Bertox, b. Jan. 14, 1S21 ; d. Jan. 8. 1804; m.. Oct. 8. 
1840, Sarah Aletta Wortman (sister to his brother John's wife), who 
was b. Apr. 5, 1821, and d. at Baltimore, Md., Aug. 30, 1903. After 
marriage he resided about two years in New Brunswick ; from about 1S42 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 131 

to 1852 farmed a small farm between Pluckemin and North Branch ; then 
returned to New Brunswick and engaged in the clothing and tailoring 
business, and was choir master of the Second Reformed church of that 
city He subsequently resided at Plainfield, Brooklyn, L I. and Glen 
Head, L. L, where he died. (For ch., see infra). 

86. Naomi (twin with Oliver), b. Jan. 14, 1821 ; d. Oct. 17, 1897; 
m. Isaac Farley Stephens (son of Joseph Stephens and Margaret Farley). 
Mr. Stephens was a farmer at Peapack, Somerset Co., but afterward re- 
moved to Canton, 111., where he d. Oct. 17, 1900. Children: (1) 
George; (2) Augustus; (3) Annie. (There were perhaps, two more;. 

87. Hugh, b. Apr. 23, 1823; d. Mar. 28, 1899; m., Nov. 2, 1844, 
Jane Vandervecr Garretson (dau. of Peter Garretson and Catherine Wil- 
son), who was b. Sept. 29, 1828, and is living in Somerville. Mr. Gaston 
was a farmer near Pluckemin until he sold the farm in 1856 to his 
brother Daniel ; then was a merchant in that place, and, later, went to 
Plainfield. In 1869 he removed to a farm north of Readington, Hunter- 
don co., and during his stay in that vicinity was the chorister of Read- 
ington Ref. church. Removing later to North Branch, he became prom- 
inent as a member of the Board of Chosen Freeholders from i87o-'8o, 
being one of the reform members of that board, and doing much to stop 
county ''graft." Becoming county collector he removed to Somerville in 
1884, and resided there until his death. When he resided at Pluckemin 
he was chairman of the Building- Committee which erected the Presbyter- 
ian church in 185 1, and of that church he was both trustee and chorister. 
(For ch., see infra). 

88. Isaac, b. July 23, 1825; d. 1900; m. (1) Catherine Cornelia 
Sutphen, who d. in Plainfield, Jan., 1869; and (2) Cat1ierine_ E^Sut-_ 
phen (cousin to his first wife), who d. at Newark, Jan., 1915, aged 82 
years. He entered Columbia College in 1839, but did not stay to graduate. 
He was a merchant in Pluckemin, the firm being Gaston & Willets, and 
was active in the building of the Presbyterian ch. there in 1S51. He 
subsequently removed to Plainfield, and then to Newark, where he was 
cashier of a National Bank, and where he resided at the time of his 
death. (For ch., see infra). 

Children of John I. Gaston (y^) and Catherine Annin; 

89. Joseph Annin, b. July 14, 1807; d. June 20, 1S53; m., Mar. 
2, 1836, Mary Collings, of Frankfort, Pa., who d. Nov. 2, 1892, in her 
84th yr. He taught school at one time in Somerville, was a commissioner 
of deeds and executor of his father's estate. In 1848 he was a justice of 
the peace, and the same year was appointed one of the lay Judges of the 
County. The place of his death is unknown to the writer; his wife was 
buried at Somerville. (For ch., see infra). 



132 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

90. Ida Maria, b. Mar. 19, 1810; d. Sept. 7, 1887. 

91. Sarah Elizabeth, b. July 15, 1814 ; d. July 19, 1842; m. May 
3, 1831, Albert Sergeant. (For ch., see infra). 

91a. Joanna Brown, b. May 30, 1815; d. Feb. 20, 1869; m., 
Mar. 10, 1841, Hon. George Houston Brown, who was b. Feb. 12, 1810, 
and d. Aug. 1, 1865. Judge Brown was the son of Rev. Isaac V. 
Brown, of Lawrenceville. N. J., long the head of the Classical Academy 
at that place, and of his wife, Mary Houston. Judge Brown graduated at 
Princeton in 1828, and was a student in the Law department of Yale 
College. He became attorney at the February Term of the Xew Jersey 
Supreme Court, 1835, and counselor in November, 1838. He practiced 
law at Somerville ; was State Senator in 1845 anc * Member of Congress 
from i85i-'53; in 1861 was made an Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court, serving until his death in 1865. "An honest man and an honest 
lawyer, and had always the confidence of Court and jury ; of brilliant 
genius and generally respected by all." (For ch., see infra). 

91b. William, b. Oct. 4. 1817: d. Jan. 18, 1847. 

91c. Evelina Belmont Linn, b. Dec. 15, 1820; d. June 23, 1838; 
m., Sept. 25, 1834, John Reynolds. 

9 id. Samuel Swan, b. Aug. 2, 1823; d. Feb. 2, 1876; m., Nov. 
19, 1846, Margaret Ellen Whitenack', who was b. Nov. 18, 1826, and d. 
Jan. 24, 1895. (For ch., see infra). 

91c Alletta Swan, b. July 3, 1825; d. Oct. 16, 1909; m.. Sept. 4. 
1845, William Stewart of Pennsylvania. (For ch., see infra). 

91 f. Isaac, b. Sept. 14, 1828; d. Alar., 1901 ; m., Sept. 24, 1S51, Mary 
E. Burnet. They resided in Newark. (For ch., see infra). 

9ig. Catherine, b. Feb. 1, 1831 ; d. Apr. 20, 1865. 

.[Most of the names and dates of above children of John I. were 
received too late to pursue further inquiries for this article ; some other 
facts may appear in the July number]. 

Children of William B. Gaston (75) and Elizabeth Vail: 

92. Alexander Kirkpatrick, physician, of Brandywine Manor, 
Pa., b. Jan. 25, 1814; m., June 2^ ; 1836, Elizabeth Dennie. Children: 
Emma; Eugene; Elizabeth; Ida. 

93. Joseph, physician, of Honeybrook, Pa., b. Nov. 6, 1S16; m., 
Nov. I2 y 1846, Agnes Greenbank. Children: Mary; Fred; Fannie; 
Joseph; Acnes; Carrie; John (deceased) ; Lillian; Edward: Helen. 

94. Hugh M., lawyer, of Somerville, b. in Bernards township, Som- 
erset county, Nov. 29, 1818; d. Apr. 21, 1892; m., May 24. 1S40. 
Frances Mallet-Prcvost (dau. of Louis Mallet-Prevost, of French de- 
scent), who was b. July 4, 1822, and d. May 3. 1914. aged ninety-one 
years. Mr. Gaston was long the respected leader of the Bar of Som- 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 133 

ersct County. He studied law with Judge George H. Brown, of Somer- 
ville, and was admitted as an attorney in September, 1840, and as coun- 
selor in November, 1848. The only important office he was willing to 
hold was the appointive one of Prosecutor of the Pleas, which he held 
from 1857 to 1867, He was one of the chief organizers of the Raritan 
Water Power Co. in 1863 ; President of the Somerville Cemetery Asso- 
ciation from its formation in 1S79; an< J a Republican Presidential 
Elector in 1873. In 1880, owing to his gratuitous services rendered 
to the County in prosecuting civil actions against officials who had diverted 
public funds to their own use, he was presented by leading citizens with 
a silver pitcher and salver of elegant design. He was a lawyer of 
unyielding integrity and high sense of honor. (For ch., see infra). 

95. Frederick, physician, b. Jan. 5, 1821 ; d. Feb. 2, 1847. He 
settled in 1846 at Woodville, Somerset County, but, his health failing, 
soon went to Somerville, and there d. at the early age of twenty-six. He 
was unmarried. 

96. Rev. John, D. D., b. at Somerville, Nov. 12, 1825; d. Dec. 1, 
1901 ; m. f Nov. 12, 1852, Anna Terhune. Fie graduated at Rutgers College 
in 1849, an d the New Brunswick Seminary in 1854. His charges (of 
Reformed churches) were: Pompton, N. J., i852- 7 62; Saugerties, N. Y., 
1862- '9; Aquackanonck, N. J., i869-'95, when he retired as a pastor 
emeritus. He was trustee of Rutgers College from 1876 until his death, 
And received the degree of D. D. from that College- in 1872. He was also, 
for some 36 years, a member of the Board of Education of the Reformed 
church, and from 1880 until the time of his death the President of that 
Board. He was a most successful minister and pastor, and a strong 

.preacher, possessed of a delightful personality. (For ch., see infra). 

97. William, of Newark, N. J., b. Sept. 14. 1828; d. Jan. 5. 1907. 
m., July 2^, 1856, Anna Conklin. Ch. : Bennett J., who m.. Oct. 7, 
1896, Luella Pereau, and is an insurance broker of 257 N. Seventh St.. 
Newark. No ch. 

[Concluded in Next Number] 



134 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

NOTES ON TEE WYCKOFF FAMILY 

BY WILLIAM F. WYCKOFF, BROOKLYN', X. Y. 

[Continued from Vol. IV, Page 287] 

[Note. — It is hoped that these articles will induce anybody having knowledge 
of the Wyckoff, Wikoff, etc., Family, to send such facts relating to any genera- 
tion, as he or she may have, to the author, 215 Montague St., Brooklyn, N. Y.] 

Seventh Generation 

(679) Cornelius Wyckoff ; m. Ann Seguine. Lived in Middlesex Co., 
N. J. Children : 

838. John B., b. Feb. 20, 1800. 

839. Jane, b. Mar. 20, 1802. 

840. Cornelia, b. Dec. II, 1804. 

(683) Peter P. Wyckoff, b. Aug. 9, 1776; d. Mar. 9, 1863; m., Dec. 
■ 20, 1802, Ann Van Nuise, who was b. May 16, 1784, and d. Mar. 31, 1856. 
A farmer in Middlesex Co., N. J. Children: 

841. Peter. 

842. James. 

843. John Van Nuise. 

844. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 26, 1814; d. Sept. 5.. 1814. 

(685) Jacob Wyckoff, b. Feb. 15, 1783 ; d. Oct. 25, 1863 ; m., Mar. 26 
1808, Elizabeth Van Deventer, who was b. Sept. 11, 1787, and d. Dec. 22 
1870. Lived in Middlesex Co., N. J. Children: 

845. Sarah Ann, b. Dec. 22, 1808; d. June 7, 1891 ; m., Dec. 22 

1825, David Stockton Garriges, who was b. Nov. 11, 1799 
and d. May 8, 1856. 

846. Catharine Eliza, b. Nov. 2, 1S10; d. Mar. 27, 1877; m., Oct 

15, 1829, John Meyers, who was b. Sept. 6, 1806, and d 
Feb. 10, 1885. 

847. Helen Maria, b. Oct. 4, 1817; d. July 12, 1902; m., Apr. 12 

1843, R ev - William Augustus Cornell, who was b. Feb. 2 
1S18, and d. Aug. 18, 1876. 

848. Abigail Dean, b. Feb. 14, 1825 ; d. Aug. 27, 1902 ; m., Apr. 18 

1844, Rev. David Cole, D. D., who was b. Sept. 22, 1822, 
and d. Oct. 20, 1903. 

(687) Nicholas Wyckoff, b. Nov. 14, 1787 ; d. May 18, i860; m.. Jan. 
20, 18 12, Helen Voorhees, who was b. Sept. 1, 1792, and d. Nov. S, i860. 
Lived in New Brunswick, N. J. Children: 

849. Catharine, b. Sept. 13, 1813; d. Nov., 1839; in. Rev. Fred B. 

Thompson, missionary to Batavia, who was b. Nov. 5, 
1809. and d. at Berne, Switz., Mar. 3, 1S47. 



Notes on the Wyckoff Family 



135 



o57- 

858 

859 
860 
861 
862 



850. Peter, b. Oct. 18, 1815; d. Mar. 15, 1861 ; m., Dec. 5, 1843, 

Emma II. Price. 

851. Sarah, b. Oct. 12, 1818; m. Horace Day. 

852. Abraham Voorhees, b. June 17, 1823; d. Oct. 20, 1852; m. 

Mary Silvers. 

853. Ann, b. Mar. 11, 1828; m. Abraham Reamer. 

854. Mary Helen, b. June 1, 1830; m. I. Martin Smith. 

(689) Cornelius J. Wyckoff, b. Mar. 8, 1785; d. Jan. 9, 1846; m., 

Nov. 14, 18 10, Elizabeth Van Neste, who d. Jan. 2, i860. 
Children : 

855. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 13, 181 1; d. July 3, 1890; m., Feb. 25, 

1834, Peter P. Obert. No children. 

856. Jeromus Rappelyea. 

(690) Garret S. Wyckoff, b. May 3, 1795 ; m., Nov. 16, 1820, Eleanor 
Outcalt. Children : 

John. 

Abigail Ann, b. Sept. 2, 1825 ; m. Isaac Soden (or Snow den). 

Elizabeth Stoothoff, b. Dec. 13, 1827. 

Catharine, b. Sept. 24, 1830. 

Cornelia Garretta, b. Mar., 1835; m. John Bodine. 

Frederick O. ; m. Magdalen Staats Nevius, who was b. Dec. 

27, i834- 
(694) Arthur Wyckoff, b. Jan. 1, 1787; d. Aug. 22, 1859; m., Mar. 
24, 1 81 3, Ann Norton, who was b. Jan. 15, 1789, and d. Oct. 1, 1866. 
Children : 

863. John, b. Oct. 1, 1 8 14; d. Aug. 5, 1850; unm. Lived at James- 

burgh, N. J. 

864. William. 

865. Ely. 

866. George. 

867. Norton. 

(698) John Wicoff, b. Dec. 21, 1803; d. Dec. 2, 1869; m. Sarah 
Combs, who was b. Nov. 15, 1803, and d. Dec. 27, 1864. Children: 

868. Ann ; m. Augustus Blackwell. 

869. John. 

870. Elizabeth; m. Alfred Heman. 

871. Sarah ; m. Jacob Cortelyou. 

872. William, b. Jan. 31, 1846; d. Apr. 16, 1855. 

873. Emeline; m. Voorhees K. Embley. 

874. Andrew Jackson; m. (1) Addie Voorhees, (2) Deborah 

Hutchinson. 

875. Cornelia; m. Joseph Clayton. 



136 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

(699) Peter Wyckoff, b. Mar. 1, 1787; d. Mar. 29, 1855; in -, ^ ct - 3 l > 
1820, Elizabeth Baird, who was b. Mar. 2, i8cx>, and d. Dec. 14, 1895. He 
was a farmer and miller, owning and living at the mills near Hightstown, 
N. J., formerly owned by his father. Children : 

876. Lydia, b. May 15, 1S22; d. Aug. if, 1845; m -> ^ ec - ^ ^43, 

John S. Bergen, who was b. Oct. 21, 18 19. Xo ch. 
Syy. David Baird. 

878. Jacob P. 

879. John B., b. Mar. 19. 1828; d. Nov. 13, 1868; unm. 

880. Mary Ann, b. June 23, 1831 ; d. Mar. 8, 1872; m., Dec. 15, 

1852, Elias R. Conover, who was b. June 16, 1831, and d. 
Apr. 4, 1875. 

881. Gertrude, b. July 20, 1832; d. Mar. 18, 1838. 

882. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 26, 1834; d. Feb. 18, 1838. 

883. Peter. 

884. Gertrude Applegate, b. Mar. 7, 1840; m., Oct. 26, 1865, Rev. 

James M. Maxwell, who was b. Aug. 1, 1837. 

(700) Arthur Wyckoff, b. Aug. 1, 1788; d. Feb. 27, 1841 ; m., Dec. 8, 
1813, Phebe Van Syckle, who was b. Jan. 29. 17S9, and d. Mar. 12, 1845. 
He was a bricklayer and mason. Resided in Xew York City. Children: 

885. Mary Ann, b. May 1, 1816; d. Oct. 20, 1818. 

886. Infant ; d. very young. 

887. Infant; d. very young. 

888. Caroline, b. Oct. 14, 1814; d. Apr. 20, 1902; m., Nov. 2, 1837, 

Isaac Kipp, who was b. Aug. 2y y 1S07, and d. Dec. 31, i860. 

889. Lydia ; m. Peter Chittery. 

890. Elizabeth, b. Mar. 12, 1820; d. Dec. 5, 1880; m., May n, 

1841, Garret Riker, who was b. Apr. 29; 1816. and d. Dec. 
12, 1870. 

891. Thomas, b. 1822; d. Feb. 9. 1904; m., Apr. 25, 1S52, Helen 

Jane Riker, who was b. Nov. 4, 1820, and d. Feb. 7. 1907. 

He was a carpenter and resided in Xew York City. Xo ch. 

(702) John Wyckoff, b. Mar. 17, 1792; d. Feb. 17, 1844; m -. ^' ov - 

2/, 1822, Lydia Applegate, who was b. July !, 1800, and d. Dec. 20. 1883. 

He occupied the mills near Hightstown, and later removed to Manalapan, 

Monmouth Co., X. J. Children : 

892. Jacob. 

893. Thomas A. 

894. Cornelius, b. Nov. 3. 1S27; d. Feb. 11, 1895; num. 

895. Sarah Ann, b. May 12, 1831 ; m. Charles Herbert. 

896. John A. 



Notes on the Wyckoff Family 137 

897. Lydia Ellen, b. Oct. 24, 1842; m., Dec. 25, 1873, Spofford 

S. Stults. 

(705) Jacob Wyckoff, b. July 4, 1799; d. Aug. 8, 1828; m., Mar. 
7, 1820, Ann Voorhees. He was a coach builder at Cranbury, X. J. 
Children : 

898. Hampton; d. 1892; unm. 

899. Smith. 

900. Sarah Ann Voorhees, b. Mar. 11, 1824; d. Dec. 15, 1825. 

(706) Cornelius Wyckoff, b. Mar. 19, 1803; d. Jan 17, 1872; m., 
Feb. 24, 1829, Caroline Bergen, who was b. Sept. 10, 1808, and d. Oct. 26, 
1894. He was a coach builder at Cranbury, X. J., and later became a 
farmer owning several farms near Cranbury. In 1866 he retired, and 
lived, till his death, at Hightstown. Children : 

901. Jacob Fisher. 

902. Abram Bergen. 

903. Hannah Virginia, b. Oct. 14, 1837; m. (1), June 12, i860, 

Tracy Hyde Harris, (2), Apr. 2, 1874, Dr. Charles 
F. Deshler. 

904. Kenneth Applegate. 

(707) Jonathan Wyckoff, b. June 12, 1783; d. Xov. 19, 1846; m., 
June 4, 1807, Sarah Baird. He was a farmer. In 181 5 he moved to 
Onondaga Co., N. Y., where he bought a large farm, on which he lived till 
his death. Children : 

905. Austin Gray. 

906. Angeline; d. Sept. 5, J870; m., Oct. 15, 1845, Albert W. 

Conover. 

907. Jennette Anjuana; d. Xov. 22, 1873; m -> Sept. 27, 1837, 

Simon Cuddeback. 

908. Ann Jennette, b. Xov. 9, 1819; m., May 24, 1S4S, Jacob 

H. Allen. 

909. Christopher Columbus. 

910. Julia Ardell, b. Dec. 7, 1826; m., Oct. 15, 1851, Simon BuelL 

911. Delilah Ann, b. Feb. I, 1829; m., Apr. 23, 1S51, Willis Piatt. 

(714) Simon P. Wyckoff, b. Dec. II, 1802; d. Sept. 29. 1S84; m. 
Mary Dutcher. Children : 

; 912. Theodore F., b. Aug. 3, 1825; d. July 30, 1852; unm. 

913. Emily; m. Charles Goodwin. 

914. Mary; m. Warren Sillcocks. 

(715) John Xevius Wyckoff, b. Dec. 8, 1805: d. Oct. 2S, 1873: m. 
May 18, 1825, Eliza Gender, who was b. Sept. 18. 1808. and d. Mar. 22, 
1879. He was born in Xew Brunswick. After his marriage he moved 
to New York City, where he lived and died. Children : 



138 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

915. John N., Jr. 

916. Charles B. 

917. Peter. 

918. Eliza Ann, b. Sept. 22, 1827; m., June 21, 1847, Samuel 

Smith Guy. 

919. Mary Ann, b. Sept. 22, 1827; d. 1903; m., Oct. 13, 1843, 

Stephen Knowlton. 

920. George Douglas. 

921. James Scrymser. 

922. Elizabeth Douglas, b. June 6, 1835 ; d. 1905 ; m., Sept. 16, 

1856, William Henry Van Wart. 

923. Silas Pierce. 

924. Robert Gender, b. June 6, 1830; d. Feb. 5, 1831. 

925. William Edward, b. Sept. 28, 1839; d. Feb. 8, 1845. 

926. Amelia, b. Mar. 12, 1848; d. Mar. 12, 1848. 

(716) John Van Mater WyckofT, b. Mar. 2J, 1795; d. June 15, 
1873; m. (1), Sept. 1, 1821, Ann Walter, who d. Jan. 16, 1866, (2), Sept. 
9, 1868, Agnes McLaury. Children: 

927. Catharine Maria, b. July 10, 1822; m., Nov. 25, 1846, Chris- 

topher Veghte. 
(718) Cornelius Waldron WyckofT, b. May 6, 1800; d. Feb. 23, 
1890; m., May 22, 1822, Gerdina (or Dinah) Van Cleef, who was b. 
Aug. 29, 1804, and d. Dec. 15, 1889. A farmer at Middlebush, N. J. 
Children : 

928. Maria, b. Dec. 3, 1826; m., Nov. 25, 1844, Hiram Garretson. 

929. Matilda, b. Apr. 15, 1833; m -» N° v - 24, 1853, Theodore 

Beekman. 
(720) Simon Wyckoff, b. Sept. 30, 1806; d. Feb. 25, 1890; m., 
Oct. I, 1828, Mary D. Polhemus (dau. of Garret and Jane), who was b. 
Dec. 14, 1807, and d. Feb. 23, 1894. He was a farmer, and moved from 
Franklin Park, N. J., to Fairview, Fulton Co., 111. in 1866. Children: 

930. Garret P. 

931. Benjamin F. 

932. Joseph. 

933. Jacob S. 

934. Jane H., b. Oct. 20, 1838; m. f June 25, 1863, George W. 

Suydam. 

935. Sophia V. D., b. Oct. 15, 1840; m., Oct. 7, 1862, Peter V. 

Garretson. 

936. John P. 

937. Mary Adeline, b. Feb. 10, 1844; m., May 4, 1865, John S. 

Skillman. 



Notes on the Wyckoff Family 139 

938. Simon, b. Dec. 10, 1847; d- J an -» i&4&- 

939. William H. 

(721) Benjamin Van Doren Wyckoff, b. Apr. 15, 1808; d. Oct. 25, 
1855; m. (1), Sept. 20, 1831, Maria Van Lieuw (dau. of Simon and 
Cynthia), who was b. Nov. 1, 1807, and d. Jan. 26, 1847, ( 2 )> Ap r - z 7> 
1850, Lucretia Skillman, who was b. Feb. 9, 1807, and d. Jan. 27, 1886. 
Farmer at Middlebush, N. J. Children : 

940. Simon B. 

941. Cynthia, b. Feb. 6, 1837; d. Dec. 2, 1915; m. Garret V. 

Van Doren. 

942. Sophia, b. Mar. 4, 1840; d. Apr. 30, 1843. 

943. Sarah Adeline, b. May 4, 1846; d. July 31, 1906; m. Rynier 

Staats. 
(724) Christian Wyckoff, b. Sept. 9, 1814; d. Aug. 29, 1900; m., 
Jan. 24, 1838, Lucretia S. Conover, who was b. Nov. 19, 1819, and d. Feb. 
5, 1896. Farmer at Lamington, N. J. Children: 

944. Sophia V. D., b. May 27, 1839; m., Dec. 3, 1868, Peter G. 

Sutphen, and had ch. : Jennie L. and Annie "W. 

945. Cornelius Conover, b. May 16, 1840; m., Nov. 23, 1864, 

Catherine Vliet. Farmer of near New Germantown, N. 
J.; deceased. 

946. Anna Elizabeth, b. Feb. 22, 1842; d. Sept. 9, 18S7; m., Oct. 

24, 1880, Dr. Stanley Peet, dentist and physician, of San 
Francisco, Cal. 

947. John Honeyman, b. Nov. 6, 1843 ; d. Mar. 9, 1863, while in 

service in Civil War. 

948. Cornelia Adeline, b. Nov. 14, 1846; d. Sept. 12, 1904; m., 

Jan. 11, 1882, John Van Middlesworth, of Middlebush, 
N.J. 

949. Emma Terressa, b. Nov. 6, 1850; m., Jan. 20, 1S70, Garret 

N. Ingham. 

950. Mary Elizabeth, b. June 10, 1852; m., Sept. 29, 1875, Henry 

F. Craig. Residence at New Germantown, N. J. 

951. Charles Simon, b. Jan. 1, 1858; m., May 3, 1879, Elizabeth 

Dye. Farmer of Luray, Kan. 
.[To be Continued] 



140 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

THE SOUTH MIDDLEBUSH GRAVEYAED 

BY JACOB WYCKOFF, MIDDLEBUSH, N. J. 

The earliest settlers in the locality where this yard is situated were two 
Wyckoff brothers, Peter and John, who settled beside each other on the 
two farms between which this graveyard lies, these farms at the time ex- 
tending to the Millstone river. When these brothers lost children, or any 
members of their families, they were buried on the hill between their two 
homes, on either side of the line between the two farms. Later, when other 
early settlers moved in, they sought and obtained permission to bury along- 
side of the Wyckoff families, as they did not wish to inter their dead in 
the wilderness of woods, as were then the surroundings. Permission was 
granted for this, and later — in 1811 — a written agreement was entered into 
between the then two owners of the land, Simon W'yckoff and Samuel 
Garretson of the first part, and Garret Voorhees, Denice Van Liew, Eliza- 
beth Van Liew, Jeremiah Van Liew, John Wyckoff, Peter Voorhees, Leah 
Garretson, Else Stothoff, John Vanliew, William French, John French, 
Herman Cortelyou, David Williamson, Rynear Moore, Garret Polhemus 
and Jacob Wyckoff of the second part, whereby this graveyard property, 
containing about half an acre, and a right of way to the same, was con- 
veyed to the ''Inhabitants of Middlebush" (as represented by the parties 
above named), on condition that the parties of the second part were to 
put up, maintain and keep in repair a fence around it. The indenture 
drawn up stated that for the sum of one dollar to them in hand paid the 
parties of the first part transferred the land to the parties of the second 
part (but the parties of the first part, their heirs and estates, to have equity 
•in the same), to be held "in trust forever" as "a burial place for the 
neighborhood called Middlebush." This deed was signed and sealed by the 
parties of the first part and witnessed by Frederick Stothoff and John O. 
Voorhees. An affidavit to the witnessing was made by one of the wit- 
nesses before Asa Runyon of Middlesex County, and was recorded in the 
Somerset County Gerk's Office Apr. 3, 1812, in Book F of Deeds, p. J02. 

This deed, and also a valuable map of the yard, made about i860 under 
the instructions of my father, the late Jacob Wyckoff, of Middlebush, 
whose memory would have gone back to 1830, and who doubtless learned 
much about the place of burials where there were no tombstones from his 
mother, are at the present time in the care of Mr. John T. Polhemus of 
Middlebush. 

While the d^cd called for "about a half-acre of land," the £ruvevard 
was not really enlarged to the half-acre size until about 1856, when addi- 
tional room was needed, and a new fence built around the property. 

Two incidents connected with this graveyard are probably worth re- 



The South Middlebush Graveyard 141 

cording here. During the Revolutionary War it was reported that British 
soldiers skirmishing the country, probably on a foraging expedition (they 
were then located at New Brunswick under General Howe), were shot 
at by the inhabitants of the country, and one of them so badly wounded 
that he died ; and it was further reported that his comrades dug a shallow 
grave in this yard by moonlight, using their bayonets for that purpose, and 
buried the dead soldier there. This was generally accepted as true, al- 
though I know of no local witnesses to the act. Years afterward, when a 
grave was being dug, the diggers came, at a shallow depth, upon the bones 
of a man lying diagonally with the other graves, as though buried in great 
haste, and it was accepted that these were the bones of the British soldier. 

As is well known, slavery existed throughout the North as well as 
the South until the conscience of the people rose against it, and it was 
abolished by the various Northern States. In New Jersey it was decreed 
that those already living as slaves should remain such unless freed by their 
masters, but that no more should be born slaves, and no more slaves should 
he bought and sold. It thus came about that some of the younger slaves 
were still living throughout our county and State until well on toward the 
middle of the last century. Before the yard was enlarged, the front fence 
stood along the edge of the hill close by the front line of stones as they 
still stand. Two slaves were buried outside the fence, at the foot of the 
sloping hillside near the gate. When the yard was enlarged this brought 
their graves within the boundaries of the yard inside the present driveway. 
These two graves still plainly show. 

Many of the old stones were rudely inscribed at home by the relatives, 
and some of these have either disappeared beneath the soil, or have become 
obliterated by the weather. In many cases there never were tombstones. 
But the map previously referred to notes various such burials, and such 
are given in the supplementary list below. 

This yard, although carefully provided as "a burial place for the 
neighborhood called Middlebush/' is not used for that purpose now, as 
a Cemetery Association has been organized at Middlebush village and a 
large plot provided for future use ; and, as it is more convenient, and 
the nature of the land makes it more acceptable, for burial purposes, the 
probabilities are that the yard originally provided will be used but little, 
if at all, in the fututre. Consequently those interested in its care and 
preservation have set about raising a fund of at least $500 for such pur- 
pose, the same to be permanently and safely invested as decided upon 
later. The interest of the fund will go to the consistory of the Reformed 
church at Middlebush, first, for all necessary care and repair of the grave- 
yard and fences, and the balance, if any, to be retained by the church to 
repay for its trouble. This work has been placed in the hands of 



142 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

the writer. More than one-half of the amount is already in hand or 
promised, and an appeal made to any or all who have ancestors or friends 
buried here to contribute toward the preservation of this ground, which 
will become more and more interesting as generations of men pass on, 
as the place where almost all of the "first white settlers" of Middlebush 
and numbers of their descendants are awaiting the "Last Day." Communi- 
cations on the subject, or subscriptions, can be addressed to the writer. 

In the following abstracts of inscriptions it should be noted that 
where initials were used in former times, for "J" it usually took the form 
of an "I," with a slight mark across the centre. In such cases therefore, 
the letter is printed "I," as there is now no exact letter in use by printers 
representing the "J" referred to, but clearly "J" was intended. 

The matters appearing in brackets are notes by the writer. 

Abstracts of Inscriptions 

Bennett, Sarah V. C. Hoagland (wife of Henry S.), b. Sept. 29, 1834; d. 

May 28, 1882. 
Bodine, Cornelia G. WyckorT (wife of John X. ), d. Dec. 15, i860, aged 25 

yrs., 8 mos., 18 dys. 
Brokaw, Ellen WyckorT (wife of Peter S.), d. May 7, 1852, aged 28 yrs., 

8 mos., 15 dys. 
Brokaw, Ellen Wyckoff (dau. of Peter S. and Ellen), d. Sept. 25, 1852, 

aged 5 mos., 11 dys. 
Brokaw, Emma A. Smith (dau. of Peter S. and Adaline), b. Apr. 27, 

1865; d. Aug. 10, 1865. 
Brokaw, I. [Roughstone marked "I. B." and probably a Brokaw]. 
Brokaw, Sophia A. (dau. of Peter S. and Ellen), d. July 12, 1856, aged 

7 yrs., 8 mos., 4 dys. 
Brokaw, (infant son of Peter S. and Ellen), b. and d. June 20, 

1843. 
Cornell, Idah Garretson (widow of Cornelius), d. May 7, 1841, aged 76 

yrs., 11 mos., 13 dys. 
Cortelyou, Hermon, d. June io, 1849, aged 71 yrs., 6 mos., 5 dys. 
Cortelyou, Sarah Garretson (wife of Hermon), d. Oct. 18, 1843, a § e ^ 71 

yrs., 8 mos., 14 dys. 
Corwine, Gertrude Stoothoff (wife of Richard W.), d. Jan. 17, 1S29, aged 

18 yrs., 1 mo., 21 dys. 
Corwine, Richard \V., d. Apr. 15, 1829, in his 26th yr. 
Corwine, Samuel (son of Richard and Gertrude), d. Aug. 10, 1830, aged 

2 yrs., 2 mos., 15 dys. 
Cruser, John. [An unhewn brown stone, onlv marked "I. K., Dec. o, 

1/7-"]. 
French, Adaline W. (widow of James), b. Feb. 6, 1832; d. July 8, 1912. 

[She was a Hoagland]. 
French, Catharine (dau. of John and Martha), d. Nov. 27, 1S2;, in her 

28th yr. 
French, Catharine Jane, d. July 25, 1826. [Stone has onlv initials, "C. 

J. F," and date]. 



The South Middlebush Graveyard 143 

French, Catharine StothofT (wife of William), d. July 30, 1849, a g e ^ °9 

yrs., 11 mos., 8 dys. 
French, Garret (son of William and Catharine), d. Oct. 24, 1827, aged 

18 yrs., 2 mos., 19 dys. 
French, James, d. June 28, 1899, aged 88 yrs., 1 mo., 15 dys. 
French, Jane Cornell (wife of John), d. Alar. 15, 1852, aged 70 yrs., 4 

mos., 6 dys. 
French, John, d. Mar. 21, 1857, aged 79 yrs., 1 mo., 24 dys. 
French, Lawrence V. D. (son of William and Catharine), d. Oct. 28, 

1837* a § ecl 22 > TS -> 2 dy s - 

French, Mary Ann V. D. Fine (wife of James), d. May 31, 1868, aged 

46 yrs., 1 mo., 5 dys. 
French, Peter S. (son of William and Catharine), d. Nov. 7, 1844, aged 

25 yrs., 7 dys. 
French, Ruliff Cornell, d. Dec. 5, 1866, aged 60 yrs., 4 mos., 14 dys. 
French, William, d. Dec. 9, 1824, aged 51 yrs., 6 mos., 6 dys. 
Garretson, Albert Voorhees, d. Mar. 8, 1882, aged J2 yrs., 3 mos., 17 dys. 
Garretson, Catharine (dau. of Barnardis and Leah), d. Alar. 11, 1815, 

aged 47 yrs., 3 mos. 
Garretson, Catharine V. Smith (wife of James S.), d. Apr. 3, 1896, aged 

87 yrs., 2 mos., 20 dys. 
Garretson, Elizabeth, d. Jan. 28, 1862, aged 83 yrs., 5 mos., 2-3 dys. 

[Probably dau. of Bernardis and Leah, as she is buried with the 

other daughters]. 
Garretson, Hattie (dau. of Samuel and Anna), d. Feb. 3, 1864, aged 2 

yrs., 10 mos., 23 dys. 
Garretson, Helena (widow of Samuel), d. May 8, 1849, aged 6/ yrs., 1 

mo., 22 dys. 
Garretson, James S., d. May 3, 1882, aged 75 yrs., 1 mo., 1 dy. 
Garretson, John (son of Albert V. and Magdalen), d. Oct. II, 1863, aged 

J 7 vrs -> 3 mos., 27 dys. 
Garretson, M. [Rough stone, marked only "M. G."]. 
Garretson, Magdalen Cortelyou (wife of Albert V.), d. Nov. 17, 1884, 

aged 73 yrs. 6 mos., 18 dys. 
Garretson, Maria, d. Apr. 2, 1801, aged 1 yr., 2 mos. 
Garretson, Peter, d. Apr. 13, 181 1, aged 9 yrs., 5 mos. [Probably brother 

to Maria, previously named, being together]. 
Garretson, Peter V., d. Sept. 26, 1857, in his 41st yr. 
Garretson, Samuel, d. Dec. 7, 1846, aged 20 yrs., 5 mos., 4 dys. 
Garretson, Samuel, d. Oct. 14, 1847, aged 71 yrs., 7 mos., 3 dys. 
Garretson, Samuel V., d. Oct. 19, 1SS1, aged 2j yrs., 1 mo., 15 dys. 
Garretson, (infant son of Albert V. and Magdalen), d. Sept. I, 

181 1, aged 5 wks., 2 dys. 
Garritson, Bernardis, d. Apr. 14, 1802, aged 67 yrs., 8 mos., 8 dys. [Rev- 

lutionary soldier]. 
Garritson, Cornelius (son of Bernardis and Leah), d. Jan. 18, 17S4, aged 

2 yrs., 5 mos., 9 dys. 
Garritson, Garret, d. Oct. 7, 1784, aged 21 yrs., 6 mos., 11 dys. [Son of 

Bernardis and Leah]. 



144 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Garritson, Jane (dau. of Bernardis and Leah), d. Feb. 9, 1856, aged 

86 yrs., 24 dys. 
Garritson, Leah Sydam (wife of Bernardis), d. Nov. 14, 1814, aged 79. 

yrs., 1 mo., 23 dys. 
Garritson, Mary (dau. of Bernardis and Leah), d. Oct. 8, 1840, aged 81 

yrs., 7 mos., 24 dys. 
Hoagland, Alice A., d. Dec. 24, 1901, aged 71 yrs., 10 mos. 
Hoagland, Henry, d. May 14, 1862, aged 63 yrs., 3 mos. 
Hoagland, John (son of Henry and Mary), d. June 20, 1839, in his 

17th yr. 
Hoagland, Mary (widow of Henry), d. Feb. 13, 1871, aged 76 yrs. 
Hoagland, Mary B., d. June 29, 1891, aged 87 yrs., 14 dys. 
Hoagland, Mary Elizabeth (dau. of Henry and Mary), b. Mar. 4, 1828; 

d. Apr. 9, 1877. 
Hood, Sarah Van Doren (widow of Robert), d. Nov. 17, 1816, in her 

85th yr. 
Lyles, William Gardiner (son of Henry and Catharine), d. July 8, 1842, 

aged 10 mos., 8 dys. 
Moore, Ann Rider (wife of John C), d. Sept. 30, 1820, aged 37 yrs., 

10 mos., 20 dys. 

Moore, Catharine (wife of Rynear), d. May 1, 1804, aged 60 yrs. 

Moore, Eliza, d. Oct. 10, 1834, aged 23 yrs., 11 mos., 15 dys. 

Moore, Idah, d. Apr. 26, 1849, aged 63 yrs., 1 mo., 12 dys. 

Moore, John C, d. Oct. 22, 1820, aged 38 yrs., 10 mos., 29 dys. 

Moore, Phebe (dau. of John C. and Ann), d. Nov. 16, 1820, aged 8 yrs., 

15 dys. 
Moore, Rynear, d. Mar. 26, 1826, aged 68 yrs., 2 mos., 24 dys. 
Moore, William R. (son of John C. and Ann), d. Nov. 16, 1820, aged 

6 yrs., 1 mo.. 21 dys. 
Neefus, Ella V. (dau. of Peter I. and Jane P.), d. Aug. 12, 1855, aged 

11 mos., 6 dys. 

Nevius, Sophia Wyckoff (wife of Cornelius), d. Oct. 18, 1846, in her 
35th yr. 

[Concluded in Next Number] 

t0& *?* t^* t^* 

READINGTON CHURCH BAPTISMS FROM 1720 

TRANSLATED BY THE PASTOR, REV. B. V. D. WVCKOFF 

[Continued from Page 64] 
1760. 
July 6. Jansen, Andries and Jannetie — Antje. 
Aug. 31. D:Mott, Jacob and Nelle — Maria. 

Polen, Samuel and Jannetie — Willem. 
Oct. 5. Sebering, Dirck and Leintie — Jennike. 

Hall, Jan and Jannetie — Henry. 

Ten Eyck, Matheues and Alida — Catrientie. 

Laen, Willem and Jannetie — Sara. 

McKinney, Willem and Annatie — Willem. 

Teunisen, Teunes and Ariantie — Neiltie. 



Readington Church Baptisms from ij20 145 

1761. 
Feb. 15. Monfort, Abraham and Xeiltic — Isaack. 
Apr. 12. Bogert, Isaack and Neiltie — Abraham. 

Hofman, Johannes and Rebecca— Sarrie. » 

Broca, Jan and Geertie — Abraham. 

V:Nest, Jan and Saartie — Rosina. 

Dorlant, Johannes and Catrina — -Johannes. 

Aten, Genet and Dina — Rebecca. 
June 21. Dumont, Petrus and Adriantie — Elbert. 

Low, Cornelius and Annatie — Rebecca. 
July 19. Bowman, [ores and Maria — Elizabeth. 
Aug. 16. Trop Hagel, Hendrick and Annatie — Cornelia. 

Wortman, Pieter and Saartie — Maregrietta. 
Oct. 11. Jansen, Arie and Grietje — Jan. 

Egbert, Jan and Metje — Saertje. 
Nov. 15. Van Nest, Yernandes and Mareitje — Susanna. 

Van Middleswart, Abraham and Maria — Jacobes. 

Cock, Samuel and Annatie — Annatie. 

Lane, Harmanes and Elizabeth — Johannes. 
1762. 
Feb. 21. Van Vliedt, Willim and Maria — Rachael. 

Tailer, Benjamin and Matje — Ariantie. 

Striker, Denies and Lena Hooglandt — Maria. 
Witness : Maria Van Neuis. 
Mar. 21. Bodine, Isaack and Maregrietta — Vredrick. 

Van Stee, Hendrick and Ruth — Hendrick. 

Van Arsdalen, Ares and Elizabeth — Johannes. 
Apr. ^ [arisen Andries and Jannetie — Johannes. 

Jansen, Thomas and Annatie — Maria. 
May 16. Mettes, Jan and Catrientje — Jannetie. 
May 2-$. Saams, Hendrick and Anna Maregrietta — Maregrietta. 
June 13. Fanger, Willem and Cristena — Lea. 

Sweesey, Amos and Ida — David. 
June 2J. §utfin, Peter_and Catleintie — Geisbert. 
July 25. Bowman, Cornelius and Mareitje — Saartje. 

Streiker, Jan and Judick — Isaack. 
Oct. 3. Teunisen, Teunes and Ariantje — Ariantje. 

Cole, Jan and Maria — Benjamin. 

Cuilinger, Phillip and Hanna — Phillip. 

Stoll, Jan and Jennike — Neiltje. 
Nov. 14. ViMiddleswart, Hendrick and Neiltje — Jennike. 

Stein, Andries and Angenietje — Johannes. 
1763. 
Jan. 9. McKinney, David and Rebecca — Abraham. 
30. V :Zant, Garret and Magdelena — Johannes. 
Mar. 20. Bodine, Vredrick and Elsje — Geisbert. 
Apr. 2. Schits, Willem and Debora — Pieter. 

Aten, Gerret and Dina — Adrian. 
June 8. Jansen, Andries and Jannetie — Andries. 

Monfort, Abraham and Neiltje — Marregrietje. 
10 



146 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Merlatt, Jan and Jannetie — Jan. 
Hofman, Johannes and Rebecca — Rebecca. 
Endersen, Jacob and Rachael — Catrientje. 
Herrington, Edward and Jannetie — Edward. 
Valentine, Hendrick and Xencey — Pieter. 

26. Aten, Adrian and Elizabeth — Adrian. 
Dorem, Daniel and Hester — Elizabeth. 

July 24. V:Nest, Johannes and Judith — Jores. 
Nov. 6. Bogert, Isaack and Xeiltje — Willem. 
Arrey, Jacob and Catriena — Maria. 

27. V :Arsdalen, Cornelius and Sara — Jan. 
Arrey, Isaac and Annatie — Adam. 

Sept. 11. Egbert, Jan and Metje — Nicholas. 

Jan. 15. V:Enden, Cornelius and Annatie — Maria. 
Feb. 19. Trophagen, Hendrick and Annatie — Annatie. 

Bodine, Isaac and Maregrietje — Saara. 
Mar. 25. D :Mott, Isaac and Molley — Saara. 
Apr. 15. Aten, Jan and Elizabeth — Jan. 

McKinney, Martichay and Angenetje — Martichai. 

V :Derveer, Verdinandes and Rebecca — Matthews. 
Wortman, Pieter and Sara — Maria. 

Sweesey, Amos and Ida — Amos. 

Jansen, Thomas and Annatie — Abraham. 
June 10. McKinney, David and Rebecca — Maria. 

Pittenger, Hendrick and Tietje — Catriena. 

Nuel, Pieter and Dirckje — Elizabeth. 
11. Laws, Richard and Maria — Wiliem. 
24. Bowman, Thomas and Rachael — Cornelius. 

Brouer, Daniel and Maria — Daniel and Maria. 

Hoff, Steven and Eva, Maria. 

Jansen, /\ndries and Jannetie — Cornelius. 
July 29. Britten, Richard and Eva — John, Molley, Elizabeth, Frenkje. 

Governeur, Elenor — Barent, Reinders. 
Witness : Marten Reirson. 

Couenoven, Gerret and Antje — Elizabeth. 
Aug. 19. Britten, Abraham and Sara — Abraham. 

Lane, Gisbert and Matje — Gei-bert. 
Sept. 1. V:Derbilt, Willem and Maria— Maria. 

V :Vliedt, Willem and Maria — Lea. 
Oct. 7. Cozyn, Cornelius and Antje — Maria. 

Mettes, John and Catriena — Daniel. 

28. Cole, Ezekiel and , — Jacob. 

Witness : Jannetie Herrenton. 
Nov. 28. Teunisen, Teuncs and Ariantie — Teunes. 

V :Nest, Vernandes and Maria — Jeromes and Johannes. 
Sutfin, Pieter and Catlina — Judick. 

SF0II7 Jacob" and Sara — Joharvne s . 
Dec. 30. Monfort, Jacobes and Lea — Rachael. 

1/65. 
Jan. 13. Cernel, Allebertes and Antje — Barent. 



First Reformed Church, Raritan (Somcnnlle) Baptisms 147 

Merlatt, Mark and Sovia — Enoch. 

Stine, Andrics and Angenietje — Cornelius. 
Feb. 17. Striker, Denies and Lena — Pieter. 

Striker, Jan and Judick — Elizabeth. 
Mar. 13. Lane, Aaron and Lidea — Annatie. 
Apr. 7. Mon fort, Abraham and Neiltjc — Xeiltje. 

Egbert, Nicholas and Maria — Anna. 
May 16. Hofman, Jacob and Steintje — Johannes. 

Fanger, Willem and Cristeina — Johannes. 
June 2. Cole, Thomas and Lena — Thomas. 

Kuilinger, Phillip and Hanna — .Maria. 

Merlatt, Jan and Jannetie — Jacob. 

Aten, Jan and Maria — Jacobes. 
16. VrDerbilt, Jacobes and Elizabeth — Catriena. 

Middagh, Dirck and Elizabeth — Elizabeth. 

ViSickle, Jan and Steintje — Dirck. 

21. Hofman, Johannes and Rebecca — David. 

Sept. I. Kerkhoft, Abraham and Hanna — Maregrietta and Maria. 

22. V:Sickle, Andries and Annatie Schamp — Andries. 
Oct. 13. Low, Jan and Catrina — Teuntje. 

Arrey, Isaac and Annatie — Isaac. 
Nov. 10. Miller, Jan and Femmetie — Maria. 

24. Ditmas, Johannes and Servieja — Johannes. 
Vanende, Corneleus and Anathe — Elesabet. 
Vanderbilt, Corneleus and Stenthe — Mariya. 
Kinne, David ML and Rebecka — Johannes. 
Dec. 25. Demott, Isaac and Mariya — Stenthe. 

[To be Continued] 

v5* «^* t&* t£* 

FIRST REFORMED CHURCH, RARITAN (SOMERVILLE) BAPTISMS 

TRANSLATED AND COMPARED WITH ORIGINAL RECORDS 

[Continued from Page 64] 
1814. 
Jan. 1. Phebe (dau. of Jane, servant woman of Hendrick Veghte). 
Mar. 7. French, Joseph and Jemima Van Liew — Sarah. 

, Susannah, servant of Willet Taylor — Jacob Johnson. 

20. Beakman, Cornelius and Elizabeth Tod — Samauel. 

Rockefellow, Christopher (unbap.) and Mary VosscHer — 
James Wintersteen. 
Apr. 3. Ten Eyck, Richard and Jane Tod — Sarah. 
May ' 8. Frelinghuysen, John and Elizabeth V. Veghten — Theodore. 
Covert, Tunis and Dinah Fisher — Minna Fisher. 
14. Yroom, Peter H. and Elenor Ten Eyck — Sarah Jane Lane. 

Elmandorf, William C. and Maria Dumont — John. 
22. Gaddis, Andrew and Margaret Bergen — David. 
King, Henry and Cornelia McCrum — Henry. 
Fisher, Ann Tunison (widow of John) — Ellenmary. 



148 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

June 5. Taylor, Gilbert and Ann Van Doren — Abraham Van Doren. 

Brokaw, John L, Jr., and Phebe Harriot — Rachaelann. 
19. Foster, James and Martha Hoagland — Richard. 

Teeple, William and Rachael Stillwell — Letty Wortman. 
July 3. Mercer, Peter S. and Margaret Nesbit — Hetty Louisa. 

10. V.Xest, Rinier and Anne Brokaw — Henry. .s 
Smock, Aaron and Farley — Maria Catherine. " 

17. Todd, John and Ann Cosner — Catherine. 

31. Dnmon, Abraham and Judith Davis — Phebe. 

V.Nest, Rynier and Anne Brokaw — [Xo child named]. 
Aug. 14. V.Pelt, Peter and Maria Brokaw — Catherineann. 
21. Voorhees, Peter and Lumetje Simonson — Maryann. 

V. Doren, Jacob and Petrenella Veghte — Catherineann, (b. 
June 24). 
Sept. 4. Weldon, Andrew and Jane Crawford — Andrew. 

18. Smith, John and Mary Brokaw — Rachaelann. 
Oct. 9. Brokaw, Isaac I. and Maria V.Xest — Phebee. 

15. Davis, Peter, Jr., and Nancy Welling — John. 
Williamson, Matthew and Alche Hall — Cornelia V.Horn. 

Dec. 18. Van Clief, Abraham and Mary F. Wortman — Isaac. 

Cox, Robert (unbap.) and Magdalene V.Middleswert — Jane. 

.1815. 
Feb. 12. Van Xuys, John and Mattie Brokaw — Lucy. 

16. Plerder, Abraham and Catherine Hoagland — Catherine Van 

Doren. 
Mar. 26. Brokaw, Bergun I. and Maria Peterson — Cornelius Peterson. 
Apr. 9. Van Neste, John G. and Sarah Wortman — Lametje Staats. 
Beakman, Cornelius and Betsy Tod — William Tod. 
Schenk, Arthur and Johanna — Sarah. 
May 14. Spader, Abraham and Maria Quick — Catherine Maria, (b. 
Mar. 16). 

19. Hoagland, William and Sarah Vroom — Sarah Lane. 
June 4. V.Tine, Archabald and Elizabeth Cosner — Abraham. 

V.Pelt, Matthew T. and Maria Bennet — John Bennet. 

11. Vredenburgh, John S. and Sarah Caldwell — Sally Van X'este. 
Bergen, Evert and Jane Striker — Maria, (b. Apr. 18). 
Clarkson, Philip (unbap.) and Sarah Powelson — Abraham. 

18. Polhemus, Peter and Catherine V.Arsdalen — Lawrance V.- 

Dervere. 
Brokaw, Caleb (son of Isa. ?) and Mary French — Ann Eliza. 
Runyan, Richard and Catherine Church wood (unbap.) — David 

Talmage. 
Striker, Joseph and Mary Ammerman — Henry. 
Doty, Cornelius and Abigail Brown — Jane Chivese. 
Man, William and Elizabeth McCall — Isabella. 
Hunter, Charles and Martha W. Metorum — Joseph Bloomfield. 
Voorhees, John and Altje Wortman — William and Aletta 

(twins). 

Nov. 5. Voorhees, Abraham and Eliza Simonson — John Simonson. 
Foster, James and Martha Hoagland — Peter Striker. 



July 


2. 




U6. 


Aug. 


20. 


Sept. 


3- 




10. 




18. 


Oct. 


6. 





12. 


Dec. 


10. 




17. 




22, 


1816 


Jan 


14. 




21. 


Feb. 


4- 




7- 

18. 


Mar. 


25- 

3. 




10. 


Apr. 


17. 
7. 




14. 


May 


4. 



FiVj/ Reformed Church, Raritan (Somcnnlle) Baptisjus 149 

Van Dervere, Tunis and Sarah Y.Arsdalen — Jane Maria, (b. 

Oct. 5). 
Burniston, 'William and Sarah Brokavv — William Calvin. 
Middleswart, Andrew and Ann Waldron — Jane. 
V.Nest, John P. and Fanny Smith — Abraham Smith. 
Vroom, Peter H. and Elenor Ten Eyck — William Lane. 

Voorhees, John and Elenor Thompson — Abraham. 
V.Doren, Abraham and Dorcas Striker — John Striker. 
Patten, Minard V. and Hannah Coop (unbap.) — Marian. 
V.Arsdalen, Hendrick and Maria V.Pelt — Peter. 
Voorhees, James and Sarah V.Arsdalen — Abraham. 
Wmtersieen, James and Mary Cosncr — Samuel Swan. 
Quick, John and Lucretia Quick — Lidia Striker. 
Webster, William (unbap.) and Amy Mount — Frederick. 
Garretson, John and Jane Hagaman — Margaret V.Dervere. 
Decamp, Benjamin and Dina Hardenbergh — Eliza Wallace. 
Ten Eyck, Richard and Jane Tod — William. 
Talmage, David and Catherine V.Xest — Daniel. 
V.Dervere, Ferdinand and Maria Elmandorf — Martena. 
Van Liew, Jeremiah and Margaret Beard — John Beard. 
Schenk, John J. and Sarah V.Neste — George V.Neste. 
Ten Eyck, Cornelius and [Ann] Ten Eyck — Phebe Ann. 

Brokaw, John and Brokaw — Isaac. 

12. Cubberly, Isaac and Susan V.Nostrand — Elizabeth Gotier and 
Ann V.Winkel (twins). 
Rocke fellow, Christopher and Mary Vosseller — George Vos- 
seller. 
June 2. King, Henry and Cornelia McCrum — Andrew Howel. 

23. Dumon, Peter P. and Magdalene Davis — Peter. 

30. Elmondorf, William (declining to stand) and Maria Dumont — 
Peter Dumont. 
July 7. Tunison, Cornelius and Judith Ten Eyck — Peter Ten Eyck. 
Smith, Benjamin and Ann Brokaw — Jane Brokaw. 
Smith, Jonathan and Catherine Cooper — Jonathan. 
Van Arsdalen, Peter and Maria V. Middleswart — Rebecca. 
Rosenkrantz, Chariot and (wife unbaptised ) — Sarahann. 
Aug. 18. V.Doren, Jacob and Pitronella Veghte — Aletta. 
Sept. 1. Smith, John and Mary Brokaw — Bergun Brokaw. 
Oct. 6. Frelinghuysen, John and Elizabeth V.Veghten — Elizabeth 
Legrange. 
V.Neste. John G. and Sarah Wortrnan — Peter Wormian. 
Gaddis, Andrew and Margaret Bergen — John V.Dyck. 
20. Dumont. Abraham and Judith Davis — Theodore Davis. 

Davis, Nancy Welling, (wife of Peter Jr., deceased) — Nehe- 
miah (b. Sept. 3). 
Nov. 2. V.Doren, Cornelius and Mary Brokaw — Mary Ann. 
17. Van Tine, Abraham and Elenor Ditmas — Marian. 
Hart, James and Maria Brokaw — Peter. 

24. V.Tine, Archabald and Elizabeth Comer — Alletta Swan. 



150 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

V.Nuyse, John and Mattje Brokaw — Martha. 

Covert, Tunis and Dina Fisher — Elenor Fisher. 

Veghten, Flenry and Elizabeth Taylor — Benjamin Taylor. 
Dec. 22. Striker, Dennis and Margaret Stephens — Rachael. 

Simonson, Dennis and Gertrude Cock — John. 
1817. 
Jan. 5. Whitehead, Jacob and Elizabeth Vosseller — Ann Vosseller. 

12. Brokaw, Isaac I. and Maria V. Nest — Mary Jane. 
26. Beakman, Cornelius and Betty Todd — James Wailan. 

V.Middleswart, Tunis and Elenor Wyckoff — Catherine (b. 
Sept. 23, 1814) and Lydia Ann (b. Nov. 1, 1816). 
Mar. 23. Brokaw, Brogun I. and Maria Peterson — Harriet. 
Apr. 13. Lever, Nathaniel and Catherine Smock — Edwin Buckley. 

20. V.Dervere, Hendrick and Elenor Sutfin — William Tenant. 
June 1. Vroom, William and Maria Porter — Elizabeth (b. Dec. 30, 
1816). 
Clarkson, P. (unbap.) and Sarah Powelson — David. 
Cox, Robert (unbap.) and Magdaleen V.Middleswart — Gar- 
ret Probasco. 
22. V.Dervere, Cornelius and Ann Brokaw — Elizabeth Jane. 
Polhemus, Peter and Catherine V. Arsdalen — Elizabeth. 

29. Voorhees, Abraham and Elizabeth Voorhees — Maria. 
July 6. Tod, John and Ann Cosner — Joseph Ccmp-ton. 

V.Nest, Rinier and Anne Brokaw — Catherine Maria. 

13. Quick, John and Lucretia Quick — Catherineann. 
2J. Ninemaster, John and Phebe Smith — Phebeann. 

Ten Eyck, Richard and Jane Todd — Peter. 
Sept. 7. Schenk, Arthur and Johanna Sutfin — Peter Sutfin Voorhees. 

Mann, William and Elizabeth "McColla — Theodore. 

Brokaw, Caleb I. and Mary French — Isaac. 
28. Hoagland, William and Sarah Vroom — William Van Vliet. 
Oct. 12. Bergen, Zacceus and Mary Simonson — Johanna Voorhees. 
Nov. 23. Beakman, Martin and Maria Powelson — Martha. 

30. Powelson, John C. and Catherine V. Arsdale — Abraham V. 

Arsdalen (b. Oct. 26, 1817). 
Dec. 31. Voorhees, Abraham and Elizabeth Simonson — Helena Striker. 
Vredenburgh, John S. and Sarah Caldwell — John Finley. 
.[To be Continued] 
^8 *£ & & 

SOMERSET COUNTY MARRIAGES— 1795-1879 

[Continued from Page 56] 

Recorded in Clerk's Office — Letters I and J 

Ihemser, Aaron and Catharine McVicker, April 15, 1824 (Brownlee). 
Iliff, Westly and Mary A. Gray, Nov. 25, 1858 (Rodgers). 
>Imley, David and Peggy Runvon, April 3, 1801 (Arrow smith). 

Ingham, Garry N. and Emma L. Wyckoff, Jan. 26, 1S70 (Blauvelt). 
Irvens, Jesse and Emiline Ayres, July 2j, 1830 (English). 
Irvin, Isaac and Rachel King, June 12, 1S61 (English). 



Historical Notes and Comments 151 

Irvine, William and Ann Van Doren, Dec. 28, 1808 (Hardenbergh). 
Irving, Jacob and Anna M. Dunham, May 28, 1856 (English). 
Irving, Peter A. and Jane D. Bockoven, May 29, 1858 (Rankin). 
Irving, Richard and Susan L. Sanders, March 1, 1862 ( Rankin J. 
Irving, Samuel C. and Eleanor T. Amerman, May 4, 1859 (Cornell). 
Irving, William and Mary Voorhees, Nov. 19, 1857 (Brush). 
Irwin, Charles I and Elizabeth Van Dewater, Aug. 26, 185 1 (Gardner). 
Irwine, Samuel and Phebe Lewis, Feb. 5, 1829 ( Fisher j. 
Isaacs, Thomas and Sarah Ann Benbrook, July 19, 1848 (Messier). 
Ives, Milton J. and Lucretia Smith, Aug. 4, 1870 (Gardner). 
Ives, Nathaniel I and Mary Horner, August 9, 1830 (Lowrey). 
Ivey, Peter and Evaline Edgar, Jan. 18, 1855 (Cammann). 

Letter J 
Jack and Polly, Feb. 16, 1828 (Van Kleek). 
Jackson, Andrew and Phillis Nevius, July 30, 1851 (Romeyn). 
Jackson, Emery and Agnes Coon, Aug. 20, 1843 (Harris). 
Jackson, Francis and Phillis Lane, Aug. 28, 1841 (Blauvelt). 
Jackson, George and Frances Bence, Oct. 12, 1844 (Talmage). 
Jackson, Henry and Jane H. Howard, May 5, 1866 (Carmichael). 
Jackson, Henry and Aletta Dunham (colored), Aug. 29, 1872 (Messier). 
Jackson, James H. and Mary M. Rodgers, May 1, 1864 (Parsons). 
Jackson, John and Sarah Cowenhoven, Dec. 26, 1861 (LeFevre). 
Jackson, John L. and Anna H. Maria Hall, July 31, 1863 (Doolittle). 
Jackson, John S. and Jane Sharp (colored), Nov. 26, 1868 (Mesick). 

[To be Continued] 

HISTORICAL NOTES AND COMMENTS 

BY THE EDITOR 

Some Notes About Judge John Bryan 

Few of our readers, perhaps none, have ever heard of a Judge John 
Bryan, as an eminent and useful man in his day in this County. We do 
not recall knowing of his existence, unless in a most casual way, until 
there appeared in a recent number of the Newark "Evening News" a note 
on a Judge John "P." Bryan, whose epitaph was sent to the contributing 
"Lorist" of that journal by Mr. William B. Van Alstyne, of Plainfield. 
The latter stated it was copied "by a friend in the woods at Farmington, 
an estate three miles from Charlottesville, Va." The epitaph reads : 

"Judge John P. Bryan, Judge of Court of Common Pleas of Somer- 
set Co., N. J., born Nov. 14, 1746, died at Charlottesville, Albemarle Co., 
Va., Jan. 6, 1803, on a visit to Virginia College." 

According to the note referred to, and also according to McLean's 
"History of the College of New Jersey," (Vol. II. p. 47) it appears that 
"Judge John Bryant [sic] was associated with Rev. Joseph Clark in so- 
liciting funds in Virginia, and died while engaged in this agency, at Farm- 
ington, Albemarle county, Virginia, on the 13th of December, [863." 



152 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

"The Judge," continues McLean, "was a native of Virginia, but was for 
many years a resident of Peapack, Somerset County, New Jersey. He 
was a Judge of the Pleas of that county, and was held in much esteem as 
a citizen and upright man." 

"John Bryant" is stated by Snell, in his "Plistory of Hunterdon and 
Somerset," as being taxed for 221 acres of land in Bedminster township, 
this county, in 1787 (p. 710) ; in 1793 as selling (with Robert Blair) 
2l2^acres to John Honeyman, Sr. (p. 707) ; in 1795 "John Bryant" is 
noted as one of the lay Judges (p. 644) ; in 1797 "John Bryan, Esq.," was a 
voter in Bedminster township (p. 710) ; and it is also stated that "John 
Bryant" owned tracts on the west side of the township, and also at Peapack 
(p. 704), south of Van Dorn's Mill, which latter tract he sold to Nicholas 
Jeroloman (p. 706). There is also a "John Bryan" who is mentioned as 
being one of the committee of the Board of Freeholders of Somerville to 
report on the kind of courthouse and jail to be built in 1798 (p. 572 ), and 
his was one of the large bills connected with the erection of those structures 
in the report of bills against the County in 1800 (p. 573). Snell states, 
further, that he lived on Main street, and in 1797 bought a lot "next to the 
log jail, on the same side of the street where he lived" (p. 663) ; and that 
in 1801 he aided to form the Somerville Academy Association, of which 
he was vice-president (pp. 667, 668). 

Evidently the same man is alluded to in every case, and a search in 
the records of this County proves it to be so. But there is no evidence 
that the Judge ever resided in Somerville. Deeds from him show that he 
conveyed his interest in certain Somerville lots, including property con- 
veyed to him by Sheriff Hardenberg, to James Van Derveer, Philip Tuni- 
son and George Van Nest, the real estate being "late of Cornelius Tunison, 
'deceased," and in one deed it is stated to be for the use of the association 
forming for a hotel (the Somerset House Company; as to this, see ante, 
p. 110). In 1802 he was chief member of the Board of Trustees of Lam- 
ington church. He evidently always resided near Peapack. 

The reason for Judge Bryan going to the South in 1S03 to solicit 
funds for Princeton College is made clear when we know that, on March 
6, 1802, Nassau Hall was burned by an incendiary, and nearly everything 
within, of books and apparatus, destroyed. The Trustees then issued an 
address to the people of the United States for aid and, among others, 
President Samuel S. Smith went through the Middle and Southern States, 
returning, it is said, with $100,000. (Hageman's "Princeton and Its In- 
stitutions," Vol. II, p. 266). 

Judge Bryan's estate was administered On March 5, 1S03, his ad- 
ministrators being Hon. George C. Maxwell, of Remington, and John 
Bray. (Trenton Wills, etc., Book 40, p. 260). Neither there, nor in any 



Historical Notes and Comments 153 

of his deeds, nor in bis widow's will, is be named as John "P." Bryan, 
or as "Bryant." He took acknowledgments to deeds as Judge, and no 
"P." appears therein. How it happened that this middle letter crept 
into his tombstone inscription in Virginia we cannot ascertain, but believe 
it was his early name, later in life discarded. Possibly be once dropped 
"t" in his name. His widow, Marian, died about September, 1804. Her 
will, made the year of his decease (dated Oct. 14, 1803; probated Oct. 4, 
1804, as per Somerset Wills, Book A,) shows there were two chil- 
dren, daughters, one being Elizabeth Bryan, and the other Rachel, wife of 
Hon. George C. Maxwell, lawyer at Plemington, and, later, Member of 
Congress. (John Bray, co-administrator with Maxwell of Judge Bryan's 
estate, later a lay Judge of Somerset, was perhaps only a friend to the 
family). These daughters being sole heirs by descent to the Judge's real 
estate, conveyed it in different parcels, as deeds of record show. Mrs. 
Bryan's maiden name was Sloan. She was a daughter of William Sloan, 
who lived near Kline's Mills, Bedminster township, whose descendants 
intermarried with the Kirkpatrick, McCrea and other Somerset, Hunterdon 
and Warren county families, and had various ministers among them. 

Judge Bryan was reputed a wealthy man for his day, having much 
land in Bedminster and elsewhere. The inventory of his estate in this 
County shows seven slaves, much farming and household personalty, and 
about $48,000 worth of bonds, notes and bills of indebtedness, although, 
when settled in 1807, the estate was greatly reduced. Otherwise than what 
is stated above, nothing seems known of the Judge. We think originally 
he may have come from Warren county, but this is yet conjecture. It 
might be interesting to know more about his early name, parentage, char- 
acter, which must have been high, ancestry, and other details of his life, 
but such facts are yet to be discovered. That he was a man above the 
ordinary seems proven by his success, his connections and his mission to 
Virginia. 

The Fenner House at Phickemin 

The first of the two frontispiece pictures in this number of the 
Quarterly is of the house known in recent days as the "Fenner House" 
at Pluckemin, because it has been owned and resided in for 3J years past 
by Mr. John Fenner. The photograph from which the picture was made 
was taken about ten years ago, but is also as it looks to-day. By whom this 
house was erected is not known, but probably it was built about 1750. It 
was there during the Revolution, when the incident is said to have happened 
in it which has often been narrated, viz., that during the Revolution, when 
Washington's army was encamped near Pluckemin, an officer rode up and 
down its broad staircase on horseback. McDowell (in ''Our Home," p. 



154 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

438) says that "over their cups he (the officer) and his companions were 
boasting of the prowess of their respective animals. A bet was made and 
taken. 'I will ride that horse,' said one, 'from the street into that house, 
tlren up into the second story.' He accomplished his feat and won his 
wager." He states that on a later training day the same feat was ac- 
complished. While this is only traditional, it is one of those stories handed 
down from early times that probably have a basis of fact. Old residents 
of Pluckemin fifty and more years ago talked of it frequently as a true 
incident In Magill's articles, written in 1870 for the "Somerset Unionist," 
he gives it as "a popular tradition" that it was General Washington who 
rode up the stairs, but this is undoubtedly an added fiction. Soon after the 
Revolution the house was owned by Matthew Lane, the merchant whose 
store was connected with it, probably as a later attachment to the build- 
ing, and here William Teeple had a tailor shop during the middle of 
the last century, he having purchased the land and buildings Dec. 9, 
1836, of Peter Van Derveer. Teeple sold, Mar. 31, 1856, to Jacob Dow, 
who, on Mar. 14, 1857, conveyed to Rev. Frederick F. Cornell, and the 
latter was its owner at his death in 1875 > tnen ms estate >* and, later ( 1884), 
it was sold to Mr. Fenner. There was formerly a farm connected with 
it, which in part was conveyed by Mr. Fenner to James Brown, Jr., by him 
to Nathan Compton, and by him to his son, Andrew Compton, present 
owner. We have not learned who owned the house during the Revolution. 
Other traditions are that General Washington wrote his account of 
the Battle of Princeton in the front room of this house; that he held im- 
portant councils with his officers in this same room ; that he and his wife, 
Martha Washington, passed two successive nights in the large room over- 
head. It is a pity these facts, if facts, cannot now be verified. The wide 
hall, broad stairs and their clumsy banisters, immense oaken beams of the 
ceiling and small inner doors (except as stated below), are there as they 
were in the olden time. So is the old Colonial chimney, with its four 
separate flues, fireplaces and mantels. Also the windows on the second 
floor and their 7x9 panes of glass, except that two of these panes were 
removed by Rev. Mr. Cornell during his ownership, because there were 
scratched on them several names, two supposed to be those of British 
prisoners temporarily confined there after the Battle of Princeton. On one 
pane so removed are the names "Henry Dawkins, engraver" and "George 
Dickens," and on the other, under the figures of a man and woman and a 
dog, or fox, is the name, "John Phenix, Esq." We know who the latter 
was — a justice of the peace of Bedminster and a staunch loyalist. The 
two former names are certainly of British origin. The Cornell family at 
Somerville still have these panes. The windows in the first story were re- 
placed with new glass by Mr. Fenner. He also replaced two doors, one 



Historical Notes and Comments 155 

taken from the recently destroyed old Somerset courthouse, and another 
from the ancient Freeman house at Mine Brook, which was pulled down by 
the present owner of that property, Mr. Richard V. Lindabury. 

In an article written some years ago for the Newark "Evening News," 
the following was stated about Mr. Fenner's hospitality to those visiting 
or stopping over at this house : 

"For twenty years the present proprietor of the 'Washington House,' 
John Fenner, never allowed the doors to be locked either by day or night. 
On the contrary he always kept a room, a bed and a meal ready for any 
wayfarer who might be hungry or footsore as he passed by. No distinc- 
tion was made as to the traveler's country, creed or color. If he was 
thirsty, there was a pitcher of water; if hungry, here was good food; 
if in need of rest, there on one side of the room was a bed upon which he 
was welcome to lie down and rest, and afterward go upon his way." 

The eleventh of twelve children of Mr. and Mrs. Fenner was born in 
this house twenty-five years ago on "Washington's birthday," and was 
named Washington. 

In front of the house is a stone marker recently erected by the D. A. R. 
Chapter of Morristown, to mark the route Washington took on the way 
from Princeton to Morristown. 

It is Mr. Fenner's intention to keep the house in its present condition 
while he owns it, and it is to be hoped that the next owner will be some 
patriotic society that will continue to perpetuate it as it now is. 

The Hunterdon County Historical Society 

We have two nearby Historical Societies that are doing good work, 
and in some respects our Somerset Society might well pattern after them. 
The New Brunswick Historical Club meets regularly and usually has one 
interesting paper read at each meeting. Dr. Austin Scott is the President, 
and many of the Professors in Rutgers College are active members. This 
Club has published interesting matter. The Hunterdon Society has 
for its President Mr. Hugh C. Nevius, and has also published pamphlets 
and papers of real historical importance. Just now the active librarian of 
that Society is publishing weekly, in the "Hunterdon Democrat,'' the mar- 
riages recorded in the county, patterning the same after the manner in 
which the Somerset marriages are published in the Quarterly. On Jan. 
8th the annual meeting was held at Flemington, and the special feature of 
exhibits was one of the Indian relics of the Stone Period, gathered, for 
the most part, within two miles of Flemington. It comprised collections 
owned by seven different persons. A paper was read by Mr. D. S. Ham- 
mond, of Englishtown, on "Early Land-ownership in Northern Hunterdon 
County," and another on the "Delaware Guards," a military organization 
located at Sergeantsville at the outbreak of the Civil War. 



156 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Death of Rev. Br. William H. DeHart 

Although Dr. DeHart removed from this County to Plainfield in 191 1, 
he made an impress here which will long remain. His death on Feb. 14, 
19 16, after several strokes of paralysis, re-awakened many pleasant mem- 
ories of the man and of his work while pastor at Raritan. Born in New 
Brunswick in 1837, and graduating at Rutgers College in 1865 and at the 
Theological Seminary there three years later, he served as pastor of the 
Reformed churches at North and South Hampton, Pa., i868-'/i ; Knox 
Memorial Chapel, N. Y. City, 1871-77; Jamaica, L. L, 1877-87; Bethle- 
hem (First), N. Y., i887-'88; and then came to Raritan, where his faith- 
ful services for 23 years (1888-1911) were marked by fine courtesy, great 
industry and success. From 1896 until his last illness he was also busy as 
Stated Clerk of the General Synod of New York. A charming man, full 
of grace and good cheer, always ready to perform his duty in every capacity 
in his church, community, county and state, he adds one more to the long 
list of noble preachers of the Gospel who, during long pastorates, have 
done so much to build up the cause of righteousness in Somerset. 

The Lord Stirling House Illustration 

Those of our readers who possess the October, 1915, number of the 
Quarterly are requested to turn to the photographic reproduction facing 
that number (frontispiece, opposite p. 241), and change the reading to 
"Rear View of the Hardenbergh House, Somerville," and make the refer- 
ence there under refer to "Quarterly, Vol. II, p. 173. " By an unfortunate 
error, for which we cannot fully account, this picture was inserted as of 
the Lord Stirling house at Basking Ridge. The real Lord Stirling house 
photograph was sent to this office at least one year previously but was 
mislaid, and, when what was believed to be the Stirling photograph was 
found later, it was reproduced as stated. It has only recently been made 
known to us that the- picture in the October number is a rear view of the 
well-known Flardenbergh house in Somerville, the front view of which 
appeared in the Quarterly for July, 191 3 (facing p. 162). At present 
this noted house is now the property of ex-Senator Joseph Frelinghuysen. 
(See Quarterly, Vol. II, p. 173 ; Vol. V, p. 80). We reproduce, in one of 
the frontispiece pictures in this number, the real view of the Lord Stirling 
house, as it is at present. (For particulars of it, see Quarterly, Vol. 1, 
P-37). - 

«5* «^* «£• «5* 

DEPARTMENT OF NOTES AND QUERIES 

[114]. Baron Steuben. — "There have appeared from time to time 

in the pages of the Quarterly accounts of the life and services of Baron 

Steuben during the Revolutionary War, and also a partial account of his 

subsequent career and death. One item has been strangely omitted, that 



Department of Notes and Queries 157 

of his religious life and faith. Of this one can now speak but in par: for 
the records are incomplete ; but the fact remains that subsequent to the 
Revolutionary War Baron Steuben became a member in full communion 
of a German-speaking Reformed church, then located in Nassau Street, 
New York City, the same being connected with the denomination that 
for many years was known as the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, 
now the Reformed Church in America. He was later elected to the Con- 
sistory, and is recorded on June 20, 1785, as chairman of the board of 
trustees. 

"Subsequent to his death a memorial tablet was erected in his honor 
in the church, and when, in 1896, the congregation erected a new church 
at 355 East 68th Street, the memorial was carefully preserved and now 
occupies a prominent place in the vestibule of that church. The slab, of 
obelisk form, and the square frame, are of bluish, clouded marble. The 
lower urn has upon it a representation of the Order of Fidelity. The 
memorial was erected by Col. William North, who was Baron Steuben's 
aide-de-camp, and upon it is the inscription given below. The date of 
death is stated as 1795, but this is evidently an error, as Baron Steuben 
died November 28, 1794. The abbreviations of his name are noted as 
characteristic of the time : 

" 'Sacred to the memory of 

Fredk Willm Augs Baron Steuben, 

a German 

Knight of the Order of Fidelity; 

Aid-de-camp to Frederick the Great, King of Prussia; 

Major-General and Inspector General 

in the Revolutionary War. 

Esteemed, respected and supported by Washington, 

he gave military Skill and Discipline 

to the Citizen-Soldiers ; 

who, 

(fulfilling the Decrees of Heaven,) 

achieved the Independence of the United States. 

The highly polished manners of the Baron 

were graced 

by the most noble feelings of the heart. 

His hand, 'open as day for melting Charity,' 

closed only in strong grasp of Death. 

This Memorial is inscribed 

by an American 

who had the honor to be his Aid-de-camp, 

the happiness to be his Friend. 

Ob. 1795/ 

"In 1908, when the Church was preparing to celebrate the 150th 
Anniversary of its organization, the pastor, Rev. Julius Jaeger, wrote 
to Emperor William calling his attention to the fact of the celebration, 
and also to the fact that Baron Steuben had been one of the members and 
officers of the church subsequent to the Revolution. The Emperor re- 



158 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

spondee! by sending to the Church a bell, which was formally presented 
at the anniversary exercises, held December 6, 1908, by Hon. Carl Buenz, 
Consul-General, acting as representative of Emperor William. The bell 
.is highly treasured by the congregation and is known as the 'Kaiserin 
Bell.' Thus, though Baron Steuben died in obscurity he is fondly re- 
membered, not only because of his patriotic endeavors, but because of his 
religious faith and his active services in a Chirstian church." 

O. M. V., (New York City). 

[115]. Lamington t Church Farm. — "Recent reference to the 
Presbyterian church at Lamington makes appropriate a note concerning 
the acquisition by that congregation of a farm, of which I do not recall 
having seen any previous reference. This farm contained 105.2 acres, 
was located along the Alamatunk River, and was deeded July 2, 1784. to 
the Trustees of the 'Presbyterian Congregation at Bedminster in the 
Counties of Somerset and Hunterdon, and their successors' by 'William 
McEowen, yeoman, and Martha his wife/ the consideration being five 
shillings- The property is said to have been part of the 'lands of John 
Dumound, deceased,' and 'sold by Thos. Berry, surviving Executor, July 
1, 1784.' In addition to the river the farm was bounded by lands of 
Thomas Berry, Andrew Leake, Alexander Adams, Godfrey Rhineheart 
and Robert Rodenbough. (See Somerset Deeds, Liber A., p. 233). Can 
any one locate this farm definitely and tell what became of it?" V. 

[The farm referred to was purchased for the use of Rev. William 
Boyd, pastor at Lamington from 1784 to 1807, and is mentioned in Dr. 
Blauvelt's account of the church in "Our Home," p. 170. William Mc- 
Eowen took the title from the estate of John Demund for one day only, 
being the medium for the transfer to the Presbyterian congregation. A 
point we have not observed in print is that, on February 2^ y 1S02, the 
Board of Trustees of the congregation conveyed the land over to Rev. 
William Boyd, and it seems to have embraced what was and is the par- 
sonage lot, which had been purchased by the Trustees from Colonel James 
Henry and wife, February 7, 1798. The graveyard lot was expressly 
excepted, containing two and one-half acres. The farm, therefore, ad- 
joined the church property, and, in Dr. Blauvelt's time and later, was 
owned by Hezekiah Ten Eyck. — Editor Quarterly]. 

[116]. Van Dyke— Beekman.— "In the October, 1915, number 
of the Quarterly, in the article 'Ancestral Line of the Somerset Van 
Dykes,' by Mr. Warren B. Stout, I notice he did not mention my ancestor, 
the second child of Jan Van Dyck (III, on p. 264) and Annetje Ver 
Kerk— Catrina Van Dyck, b. Apr. 12, 1708, who m. Gerardus Christopher 
Beekman." M. B. C, (High Bridge, X. J.) 



Department of Notes and Queries 159 

[Mr. Stout says it was a real and unaccountable omission and that 
the fact is correct. See also Quarterly, Vol. I, p. 159. While on this 
subject of the Van Dyke, or Van Dyck family, it may be well to state 
also that Dr. Henry Van Dyck, of Princeton, the famous author, and 
now our U. S. Minister to the Netherlands, also descends from Jan Van 
Dyck and Annetje Ver Kirk, through (1) his son, Jan, who m. (as his 
second wife), Garetta Bergen, dau. of Frederick Bergen, of Somerset 
County; (2) his son Frederick, b. 175 1 ; (3) his son, Frederick Augustus, 
M. D., of Philadelphia, who m. Eliza Anderson ; (4) his son, Rev. Henry 
J., who m. Henrietta Ashmead; (5) his son, Dr. Flenry, of Princeton, 
b. 1852, who m. Ellen Reid, of Baltimore. A brother to the Frederick 
(b. 1751) was Abraham, of Bedminster twsp., this County, who was the 
great-grandfather of the other famous Van Dyke author, Dr. John C. 
Van Dyke, of New Brunswick. — Editor Quarterly]. 

[117]. Talmage. — "While in Salt Lake City some time since, I was 
given at the Mormon Tabernacle a pamphlet entitled, 'The Philosophical 
Basis of Mormonism,' being an address by a 'James E. Talmage, D. Sc.' 
(Doctor of Science). It occurs to me to inquire if he is one of the noted 
Talmage family of Somerset." P. I. C. 

[Referring this matter to Mr. Robert S. Talmage, of New York City, 
an authority on the Somerset family, his reply is that "James E. Talmage 
w r as b. in Hungerford, Berks Co., England, in 1862, and came to America 
in the 8o's. He m., at Alpine, Utah, in 18S7, May Booth. He is in no 
way related to us,, but doubtless springs from the same English stock. 
. . . All my relatives' who are married and still bear the name of Talmage 
content themselves with but one wife.'' We have seen the address referred 
to; it was delivered before the Congress of Religious Philosophies in San 
Francisco in July last, and is a succinct, well-prepared exposition of the 
impossible tenets of the Morman faith. — Editor Quarterly] . 

[118]. Van Lie\v-\Vyckofe-Vooriiees. — "I can find no definite 
statement of the children of Frederick Van Liew, b. Feb. 5, 1727, who 
married a Hendrickson, lived at Middlebush, and died 1758. Nor of the 
children of Denice Van Liew, b. Jan. 7, 1734, who m. Ida, widow of Jacob 
WyckofT, resided at Three-Mile Run and d. Oct. 17, 1777. Can your 
readers assist me?" M. S. V., (Albany, N. Y.) 

[119]. The Coejeman House. — "In the Quarterly for April. 19 12 
(Vol. I, p. 91), it is stated the Coejeman house at Raritan was built in 
1736. In Snell's 'Hist, of Hunterdon and Somerset,' p. 6$j y it savs that 
a foundation stone in the house gives the same date, 1736. The house was 
resided in by Rev. John S. Vredenburgh from 1800 to 182 1. A daughter 



160 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

of his, in 1874, wrote an article upon the house and said in it that 'upon a 
large stone in the foundation is cut the date of 1676, at which time it is 
supposed to have been built.' Which date is correct?'' A. D. 

[An examination of the foundation of the house referred to, made in 
September last by Mr. Joshua Doughty, of Somerville, shows that two 
stones in the foundation are dated, viz., on the south side, near the door, 
a stone reads, "S. C. 1732," and on the east side, in the middle, "S. S. 
1736." — Editor Quarterly] . 

[120]. McDoxald-McPike. — "I will be grateful if the author of 
the George McDonald family article in the last number of the Quarterly 
knows of any connection between the McDonald and McPike (or Pike, or 
Pyke), Halley, Freeman, Day, Parry, or Stewart families. My ancestor, 
James McPike (Pike or Pyke, formerly) had a sister who m. a McDonald 
about 1770." E. T. M. (Chicago, III.) 

[We have no information on the subject. Pike was quite wholly a 
Middlesex county family. And there were many McDonalds also in 
Middlesex. We believe the Middlesex McDonalds, if threshed out, will 
furnish the clue. — Editor Quarterly]. 

[121]. Bergen-Probasco. — "You may recall my query in 1913 rela- 
tive to the name of the second wife of George Bergen. (Quarterly, Vol. 
Ill, p. 80). I have just noticed in 'N. J. Archives,' First Series, Vol. 
XXII, an entry covering the license for George Bergen, Somerset, and 
Maritie Probasco, Somerset, issued Sept. 10, 1744; the 'Bergen Family' 
work says they were married Sept. 14, 1744. I think this is conclusive that 
her name was 'Probasco' and not Hoagland. It is probable that she was 
the dan. of Jacob Probasco and Maria Van Liew." 

E. K. V., (Chicago, 111.) 

[122]. Blackford-Coon. — Since the publication of the article upon 
Judge Blackford in our last number, wherein it was stated that his mother 
married, 'not later than 1801/ Thomas Coon, we have learned that this 
Thomas Coon died in Hanover twsp., Morris county, about 1854, his will 
of Jan. 22, 1848, being probated in that county on Aug. 7, 1852. His 
children, as named in the will, were Charlotte T. 'Condict' and Mary E. 
Coon. Either he married a second wife, after the death of Mary Black- 
ford, by whom was bom the daughter, Mary E., or, more probably from 
the name, Mary E. was also a half sister of Judge Blackford, who died 
before Dec. 31, 1S59 (the date of the Judge's death), as Charlotte E. was 
the Judge's sole heir. We have also ascertained that the Judge started lite, 
on the settlement of his father's estate in 1807, a year after his graduation 
from Princeton, with at least £2,221.0.10 (as per executors account filed in 
Somerset Surrogate's office). 



▼ «w ■▼ — novo 



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:,:::. 



JULY, 1916 



$2.00 a 



2 



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omersef County 



Historical Quarterly 



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Editor : 

A. Van Doren Honeyman 

Plainfield, New Jersey 






^^1 



publication Committee: 



A. Van Doren Honeyman 
Alexander G. Anderson 
Joshua Doughty, Jr. 



Hon, James J. hergen 

John F. Reger 

Mrs. William W. Smalley 






i£/^d 



4^il&-il 






Somerville, New Jersey 

Somerset County Historical Society 

Publishers 



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REVOLUTIONARY HOUSES— BOYLAX HOUSE, PLUCKKMIX 

(See page 234). 



i 




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REVOLUTIONARY HOUSES -McEOWEX T HOUSE. K.UCKEMIN 

(See page 234), 



Contents for July, 1916 

PAGE 

Movements of the American Army in Somerset During the Revolu- 
tion. By Rev. T. E. Davis 161 

The Kirkpatrick Family in Line of "Royalty." By the Editor - - 171 

Monmouth and Middlesex Early Records - 180 

Franklin Township Historical Notes. (Continued). By the late 

Judge Ralph Voorhees - - - - -- -182 

Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families. By the Editor iS3 

Somerset County Revolutionary Pensioners 197 

Gaston Family Lines of Somerset. Concluded). By Mrs. Anna 

Reger Gaston - - - - ' - - - . - -198 

Notes on the Wyckoft Family. (Continued). By William F. Wyckoff 207 

The South Middle-bush Graveyard. (Concluded). By Jacob Wyckoff 218 

Somerset County Marriages — 1795-1879. (Continued) - 223 

First Reformed Church, Raritan (Scmervtlle) Baptisms. (Continued) 228 

Readington Church Baptisms from 1720. (Continued). By Rev. B. 

V. D.Wyckoff -- - -231 

Historical Notes and Comments - ■ - - - - - - 2^2 

The Sornerviiie Improvement Association — The Inscription on 
Judge Bryan's Tomb — The Two Pluckemin Houses in the 
Frontispiece — Centennial of the Somerset County Medical 
Society. 

Department of Notes and Queries - - - - - - 236 

Cranmer — Bowman — Livings — Stryker-Griggs — Sloan — Mid- 
daugrh-Hunter — Adams — Voorhees- Van Liew. 



Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



This magazine of local history, biography and genealogy, relating 
for the present exclusively to Somerset County, New Jersey, will be of 
eighty pages quarterly, issued in January, April, July and October. 

Subscription price $2.00 per year, payable strictly in advance. 

Address all subscriptions and payments for same to the Treasurer, 
Alexander G. Anderson, Sornerviiie, New Jersey. 

Address all communications respecting articles in the Quarterly to 
the Editor, A. Van Dor en Honey man, Plainfield, New Jersey. 
Published by the 

SOMERSET COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

SOMF.RVII.LE, N. J. 



Entittd at the Post Office at SoM4rv\Ui t A". /., as second rktt mad matter. 



SOMERSET COUNTY 

HISTORICAL QUARTERLY 



Vol. 5. SOMERVTLLE, NEW JERSEY, JULY, 1916. Xo. 3 



MOVEMENTS OF THE AMERICAN ARMY IN SOMERSET DURING THE 

REVOLUTION 

BY REV. T. E. DAVIS, WASHINGTON, D. C. 

[The following was prepared by Mr. Davis for and read before the Somerset 
County Historical Society Dec. 22, 1903, and is sufficiently important and interesting 
in its details to be permanently preserved in the Quarterly. — Editor Quarterly.] 

It was not until the Fall and Winter of 1776 that New Jersey was called 
upon to know by actual experience the bitterness of war; but henceforth 
her soil was the scene of warlike activity, and her territory, much of the 
time, was fighting ground or a place for plunder to the enemy. New Jersey 
suffered more during the Revolution than any other State, with, possibly, 
the exception of South Carolina. No county in New Jersey suffered more 
and lost more than Somerset County. Lying in the centre of the State 
between New York and Philadelphia, it became the great highway for the 
armies. 

On November 16, 1776, Washington, believing that the plan of Lord 
Cornwallis was to march through New Jersey and capture Philadelphia, 
crossed over the Hackensack and Passaic rivers and began his march to 
the Delaware. He hoped to receive recruits enough in New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania to make a stand against the enemy. But in this he was 
sorely disappointed. Every day, by desertions and sickness, he found his 
army diminishing. The route of Washington on this march was through 
Newark and New Brunswick, passing through Somerset County by the 
King's Highway at Six-Mile Run, Rocky Hill and Princeton (the latter 
then being in Somerset County). For the first time the Continental army 
had entered Somerset. Washington had sixteen regiments with an ap- 
parent roll of 4,300 men, but with actually only 3,305 who were fit for 
-ervice. 

A terrible storm of rain hindered their march, and it was only with the 
11 



162 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

greatest difficulty that any progress could be made, the mud being ankle 
deep and often the men sank into the mire to their kr. 

General Charles Lee, with an army of 3.000 men at White Pb 
east of the Hudson, had been asked by Washington to hapten and join I 
But Leo did not obey. Only after the Commander-in-Chief ha 
positive orders to come without delay did Lee move his force 
slowly that it took him three weeks :. reach Morrisfcc n. On the 13th 
of December his troops reached Somerset County as j f. camped at I 
nardsville, then called Vealtown. Lee himself was two miles away at 
Basking Ridge with a few soldiers as a guard. While at the break 
table the next morning he was surprised by a band of Bril ara n and 
captured. He was taken by way of Bound Brook to New Brtn I 

given to the British commander as a prisoner of war. General Sullivan 
now assumed command of the army and crossed through Somerset Con 
by way of Pluckemin and Lamington, crossing the Deb arc at Phi'! 
burg and joining Washington's army on December 20. On December _" 
the battle of Trenton was fought, when the Hessians were compk 
demoralized and defeated. On January 3. 1777. V •'"_■' gton defeated 
the British troof>s at Princeton. But, fearing a collision with the superior 
force of Cornwailis, he decided to take his army for s-itzy to the hilly 
country in the north. 

The army searched along the King's Highway to Van Tilburgh's Inn 
at Kingston. Then turning to the left on the Rocky- Hill road crossed the 
Millstone river. Reaching Griggstowm they saw a large force of Bri: 
cavalry on the opposite side of the river. 1 Not being in a condition to 
attack or be attacked, Washington ordered the bridge to be destroyed. 
Advance guards were sent on to Millstone informing the people of 
coming of the army, so that food might be secured for them. Before 
reaching Millstone many of the infantry, worn out with fatigue, fasting 
and want of rest, lay down by the roadside and fell asleep. 

The encampment for the night was in a large field direc: sc ~ . 
where now stands the parsonage of the Reformed church, and hen 
patriotic people of the community, under the leadership of the Mr. 

Foering, pastor of the church, had large quantities of food in readiness 
During this encampment Washington and his staff occupied the home of 
John Van Doren. The house is still standing, also the barn in which the 
horses were kept. On that night Captain John Stryker of Millstone, j 

1 It is not to be overlooked that it is a disputed point as to the road Wask gf 
took to Millstone. He certainly had his orrcers. if not his men. take linnet it 
Abraham Van Doren's house, in G: de of the river, before he 

reached Millstone. We hope to have Washington's army moverru- .-.;. 

Hill and Millstone cleared up in an article in a future Quaite*L> - 

TEKLY. 



American Army in Somerset During the Revolution 163 

a party of twenty men, captured a British wagon train guarded by a 
large number of British soldiers. Under cover of the thick darkness 
they hid themselves among the trees in a semicircle, partly surrounding 
the wagon guard. At a given signal they gave a loud shout and fired a 
volley among the guard, who, supposing they were being attacked by a 
superior force, fled in haste toward Xew Brunswick, leaving the greater 
number of wagons in the hands of the Americans. These wagons were 
principally laden with woolen clothing, which was so much needed by the 
American army. This capture was effected in Somerset County between 
Kingston and Six-Mile Run. The captors with their spoils moved on as 
rapidly as possible after the army, and overtook the main body a day or 
two after. 

On the morning of January 4, Washington moved his army toward 
the north, crossing the Raritan river at Van Yeghten's bridge, then to 
Tunison's tavern, now Somerville, then turning to the right and marching 
over the hills reaching Pluckemin in the afternoon. The army remained 
two days at Pluckemin. They had carried their wounded and prisoners 
with them. The former were kindly cared for at the homes of the good 
people of the town, while the prisoners were safely kept in the Lutheran 
church of the place. Capt. Leslie, a brave young British officer, had been 
mortally wounded at Princeton and captured. He died on the march and 
was buried at Pluckemin with military honors. His grave and tombstone 
may now be seen in the Presbyterian churchyard of that place. 

On Monday morning, January 6th, the army moved to Morristown 
and here went into winter quarters. 

During this winter of 1777, Somerset County was entirely at the 
mercy of the Hessian and British soldiers who were encamped at Xew 
Brunswick. The atrocities committed by them were terrible. Property 
of friend and foe was taken alike. No home was safe from plunder or 
destruction. Xo age or sex was protected from insult or injury. It was 
at this time that Lord Howe offered pardon and protection to all who 
would swear allegiance to the King, making an exception, however, of 
four prominent citizens all of Somerset County, to whom no such favors 
would be shown. But to the honor of our county be it said that no man 
of prominence or influence in Somerset ever took the oath of allegiance to 
King George. 

While the main body of the American army lay quietly at Morristown, 
Washington sent out two detachments of troops to protect the people oi 
the Raritan and Millstone valleys from the depredations of the enemy. 
A line of earth forts was built from Millstone to Princeton. These were 
in charge of General Dickinson with 400 Xew Jersey militiamen and 50 
Pennsylvania riflemen. On January 20th Cornwallis sent a foraging 



164 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

party to capture the mill at Weston which contained a large amount of 
flour. The party consisted of 400 men and over 40 wagons. This party 
arrived at Weston in the early morning and had already loaded their 
wagons with flour, when General Dickinson, leading his soldiers through 
the icy waters of the Millstone, attacked them so fiercely that they fled 
in haste, leaving behind them all their booty, 43 wagons, 164 English 
draught horses, 118 cattle and 70 sheep. Twelve prisoners were captured 
and a number killed. The American loss was five. Washington warmly 
commended General Dickinson for his watchfulness and bravery. 

At Bound Brook General Lincoln was stationed with 500 soldiers. 
A block house was built at the eastern end of the town and a line of earth- 
works extended to the Raritan river. Lincoln's orders were to allow no 
foraging boats to pass up or down the river. On Sunday morning, April 
13, 1777, before daybreak he was surprised by a large party of British 
soldiers, 4,000 in number, in command of Lord Cornwallis. The attack 
was so sudden that General Lincoln had only time to rush from his bed 
and mount his horse and escape to the mountains, leaving all his clothing 
and papers to fall into the hands of the enemy. His little army was not so 
fortunate, 100 of them being killed or captured, the rest succeeding in 
gaining a safe retreat in the mountains. The British held Bound Brook 
until the afternoon, when, after thoroughly plundering every home in the 
town, they left for New Brunswick, carrying their load of spoils with them. 

After this disaster Washington came to Bound Brook, and, after a care- 
ful investigation, decided to move a large force there and to build per- 
manent forts. But a change in the movements of the British troops 
changed his plans. Early in May Washington ascertained that Lord Howe 
had largely increased his force at New Brunswick and that he was build- 
ing a portable bridge that could be laid on flatboats. Believing that this 
indicated that the British Commander was to move forward and cross the 
Delaware, Washington at once decided to move his forces nearer to New 
Brunswick, and where he could at least be in striking distance of the 
enemy if any such move should be attempted. The place selected was the 
range of hills north of Bound Brook, generally called the Heights of 
Middlebrook, and named after the stream which was the western boundary 
of the first land purchased in Somerset County by the Eight Proprietors 
on May 4, 1681. To this encampment the army moved on May 28th. The 
exact site of this camp was just over the first mountain toward Martin- 
ville on the right side of the road. Three strong earth forts were thrown 
up near here toward Pluckemin, and so located as to guard the entire 
valley. Two of these forts are entirely destroyed. The third is still in a 
good state of preservation and is one of the best relics of the Revolution 
in New Jersey. The outlines of the fort, the trenches around, and the 



American Army in Somerset During the Revolution 165 

places where the cannon were located can be plainly seen. A fort was also 
built on Round Top opposite Chimney Rock, to guard the road leading 
through the narrow mountain gorge along the Middlebrook. Cannon were 
also planted on the hill looking toward the valley of the Raritan. 

The entire army under Washington numbered 8,398 men, including 
artillery, cavalry and infantry. Of these 2,660 were on the sick or disabled 
lists, so that the real strength of the army w r as only 5,738 men. The British 
army in New Brunswick numbered about 17,000 effective men. Lord 
Howe's plan undoubtedly was to march through Xew Jersey, cross the 
Delaware and try to capture Philadelphia. But he feared to do this, know- 
ing that Washington would attack his army in the rear. So he endeavored 
to tempt the American Commander to engage in battle on the plains. 
With such an object in view he divided his army in three detachments, 
one remaining at New Brunswick ; another marching at night to Millstone, 
and the third moving at the same time to Middlebush. 

On the morning of June 14 Washington discerned the movements 
of the enemy during the past night, and immediately gave orders to move 
his army to the high slope on the south side of the mountain east of 
Chimney Rock. The whole army was drawn up in battle line and thus 
continued for five days, the troops sleeping on their arms at night. Lord 
Howe used every effort to induce Washington to leave his strong posi- 
tion and meet him in battle on the plains but without avail. On the 
night of June 19, Lord Howe seeing that the Americans would not leave 
their mountain stronghold, he returned with the two divisions of his 
army to New Brunswick. During these five days Washington was almost 
constantly in the saddle, riding from point to point on the mountain sum- 
mit to discover, if possible, any new movements of the enemy. Three days 
after, on June 22, Lord Howe with his army left New Brunswick and 
went to Amboy. Here they made a bridge of boats over the Kill Yon 
Ktill, across which the army began moving to Staten Island. 

Washington quickly moved three brigades to New Market. Lord 
Howe recalled his troops from the Island on the night of June 25, and in 
two columns made a rapid march to Westfield. Here they separated, one 
column hoping to cut off Washington's retreat to the mountains, thus com- 
pelling him to fight on the plains. But the British plans were thwarted. 
They were constantly meeting with squads of the American militia, which 
poured deadly volleys into the British ranks and delayed their progress. 
The sound of this firing was understood by Washington, and without delay 
he moved his brigades back to their former strong position on the Heights 
of Middlebrook. Lord Howe, seeing that he had failed in his plans, and 
not daring to attack Washington in his secure position, retreated from 
New Jersey, leaving the State entirely in possession of the American army 



1 66 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

on June 30. As there was no further need of holding the position at 
Middlebrook, Washington moved with his army to Pompton Plains on 
July 2. 

The army was encamped in Washington Valley from May 28 to 
June 14, and on the east side of the mountain from June 14 to July 2. This 
was the first camp on the Middlebrook and continued 35 days. During this 
whole encampment Washington occupied a tent with his army, as he wrote 
in a letter to his brother John Augustus Washington. In a letter to Maj. 
Gen. Arnold from this camp, on June 17 he says: "The position here at 
Middlebrook is very strong and with a little labor can be rendered a great 
deal more so. The passes in the mountain are for the most part extremely 
difficult and cannot be attempted with any degree of propriety. Our right 
is our most accessible and weakest part, but two or three redoubts will 
render it as secure as could be wished. My design is to collect all the force 
that can properly be drawn from other quarters to this post, so as to 
reduce the security of the army to the greatest possible certainty, and to 
be in a condition of embracing any fair opportunity that may offer to 
make an advantageous attack upon the enemy. In the meantime I intend 
by light bodies of militia to harass them and weaken their number by con- 
tinual skirmishes." 

The British army leaving New Jersey destroyed all these plans of 
Washington, and no doubt kept him from making Camp Middlebrook 
the strongest fortification in the State. No less than 25 letters written by 
Washington during this period, with the headlines "Middlebrook" or 
"Headquarters at Middlebrook," are now published. 

While Washington was encamped on the Middlebrook Gen. Sullivan 
with 1,500 troops was on the high ground at Rocky Hill, and afterwards 
moved back behind Neshanic mountains to Clover Hill. Col. Morgan with 
his Rangers was at Van Veghten's bridge. He had scouting parties guard- 
ing all the roads leading from New Brunswick. Gen. Wayne, with an- 
other body of troops, was at Mt Pleasant. 

For two weeks after leaving the camp at •Middlebrook, Washington 
was in great doubt as to the plans of the British. When it was learned 
that the British fleet with the army on board had sailed for the South, the 
American army was again put in motion, passing through Somerset County 
in three divisions, reaching the Delaware river on July 28. Washington 
at once concentrated his army in the vicinity of Philadelphia. 

On September 11 the battle of Brandywine was fought, and on 
October 4 the battle of Germantown, in both of which the British were 
victorious, and soon after in triumph entered the city of Philadelphia. 
During the winter of 1777-78 the British remained in that city while 
Washington and his army were encamped at Valley Forge. The British 



American Army in Somerset During the Revolution 167 

army left Philadelphia on June 18, 1778, intending to march to New York 
by the way of Allentown. Washington with his army crossed at Coryell's 
Ferry, now Lambertville, and marched through Somerset County by way 
of Pennington and Kingston. The battle of Monmouth was fought June 
28 with a decided victory for the Americans. 

Not until the winter of 1778-79 do we find the American army again 
in Somerset County. Remembering the bitter experiences of the winter 
at Valley Forge, Washington resolved to quarter his troops in the most 
advantageous positions. The disposition was made as follows. Six 
brigades on the west side of the Hudson river; one brigade at Smith's 
Cove near Plaverstraw ; three brigades at Danbury, Conn. ; the Xew Jersey 
brigade at Elizabethtown, and seven brigades at Middlebrook. The army 
reached Middlebrook, November 30, 1778. 

Washington did not come with the army and did not reach the camp 
until December n. He had been strongly urged to turn the command 
of the army over to Gen. Greene and spend the winter in Philadelphia. 
But as a matter of duty he resisted the invitation, feeling that the affairs 
and needs of his army should receive his constant care and attention. 
When Washington now came to Middlebrook all the suitable homes in 
the vicinity were used as headquarters for the various officers. Hence he 
was obliged to go four miles away, where he found a comfortable home 
with William W'allace in his new house, which was not yet completed. 
Mrs. Washington spent the entire winter here with her husband. 

The encampment at Middlebrook was in three parts. Nearly all 
the local historians place one division south of the Raritan and west of the 
road leading to Weston. Washington makes no mention of any such camp. 
He says : "One division is on this side of Van Veghten's bridge on high 
grounds [this was the camp known as Mt. Pleasant] ; the other two 
parts are upon the mountains over Bound Brook." 

The entire force consisted of from eight to ten thousand men at 
Middlebrook and Mt. Pleasant,, while at Pluckemin Gen. Knox had an 
artillery corps of forty-nine companies, with 1,607 men anc l 6° cannon. 
Washington had only eight or ten cannon at Middlebrook. The condi- 
tion of the army was much better than at any previous time. There was 
little sickness, the men were better clad, and there was no lack of food. 
Congress on January 23, voted one hundred dollars to every soldier who 
had enlisted for the war previous to that date. Provision was also made 
for pensions to those who should be disabled in the service or relief for 
their families in case of death before their term of enlistment should ex- 
pire. The weather was unusually mild. Dr. Thacher, one of the surgeons 
writes in his diary: "We have passed a winter remarkably mild and 
moderate; since the tenth of January we have had scarcely a fall oi snow. 



168 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

or a frost, and no severe weather." For two months the army lived in 
canvas tents. About the first of February the log huts were completed, 
and both officers and soldiers were made comfortable for the rest of the 
season. 

Among the prominent officers at Camp Middlebrook were Generals 
Nathaniel Greene, Anthony Wayne, William Alexander, Thomas Sullivan, 
John DeKalb, Fred. William Steuben, Gilbert '"$Totier De La Fayette, 
Colonels Alexander Hamilton, Stephen Moylan, Alexander Scammel and 
Major Harry Lee, father of General Robert E. Lee. Many important 
events transpired during this encampment. 

A grand parade and review of the army was held on May 2, I779. 
This was in honor of two European court representatives who w< £ visit- 
ing the camp. On May 14 there was another grand parade of the army 
in honor of a band of Indians who had come to visit Washington. On the 
20th of April a crowd of people with the soldiers gathered to witness the 
execution of five soldiers, who had been condemned to death for deser- 
tion and robbing the inhabitants. Three of them, while sitting on their 
coffins with ropes around their necks, w r ere pardoned by Washington. 
The other two suffered the penalty of .death. 

At the beginning of June Washington received information that the 
British were about to begin some important enterprise on the Hudson 
river. Orders were at once given for the troops to leave their camp at 
Middlebrook and march by way of Morristown to the Highlands. On 
June 2 and 3 the whole encampment began to move, Washington himself 
leaving with the last of his army on June 3. This last camp on the 
Middlebrook and in Somerset County lasted from November 30, 1778, to 
June 3, 1779, a period of six months and four days. It was while en- 
camped at Middlebrook that Washington completed his plans for an 
active campaign against the Six Indian Nations that had united in the 
massacre of the Wyoming and Cherry Valleys. His object was not only 
to punish them, but to destroy their alliance with the British. The whole 
American force was under command of General Sullivan, and consisted of 
four brigades with some independent companies and a company of 
artillery. 

General Maxwell's New Jersey troops, consisting of three regiments. 
received orders to join this Indian expedition. They had not been with 
the Continental army in camp at Middlebrook, but had spent the Winter 
at Elizabethtown. This New Jersey Brigade consisted of 11 1 officers and 
1,294 men. 

The three regiments started at different times, the First leaving 
Elizabethtown May ir, 1779 The Second regiment, the last to leave, on 
the 29th of the same month. The entire New Jersey force ma relied 



American Army in Somerset During the Revolution 169 

through Somerset County, entering the County at Bound Brook, where 
they were encamped for several days receiving supplies and being re- 
ceived by Washington. Their march through the State was by way of the 
Raritan river and the South Branch, from Bound Brook through Pittston 
to Easton. The return of this victorious army, after the severe punish- 
ment given to the Six Nations, was by way of Oxford, Sussex, Morris- 
town and Springfield to Scotch Plains. 

During the Winter of i78o-'8i, Washington, with his army, was at 
New Windsor, on the Hudson river. General Anthony Wayne, command- 
ing the New Jersey and Pennsylvania troops, was in New Jersey. The 
New Jersey soldiers were at Pompton, the Pennsylvanians at Morristown. 
Durinr- this encampment General Wayne writes: "The men are poorly 
clothed, badly fed and worse paid, some of them not having received a 
paper dollar for nearly twelve months ; exposed to Winter's piercing 
cold, to drifting snows and chilling blasts, with no protection but old 
worn-out coats, tattered lined overalls, and but one blanket between three 
men." 

This condition, aggravated by some disagreement with the Govern- 
ment regarding the term of enlistment, brought on an open revolt on the 
night of January 1, 1781. About midnight the Pennsylvania troops, 1,300 
in number, with six pieces of artillery, started on their homeward march 
to their native State. Their line of march was through Somerset County. 
They had reached Bernardsville when they were overtaken by General 
Wayne. He had an interview with the leading officers in the revolt. A list 
of grivances was made out and the march continued. General Wayne 
had sent couriers to Philadelphia informing Congress of the state of 
affairs. When they reached Princeton they were met by a committee from 
Congress, with President Reed at the head. All differences were explained 
and the whole matter satisfactorily adjusted, and the Pennsylvania troops 
returned to the loyal support of the American cause. 

A little matter of history not in line with the subject, but interesting 
nevertheless, may be inserted here. This revolt of the Pennsylvania troops 
soon became known to the British, and Sir Henry Clinton sent messengers 
to them, promising to pay all the American Congress owed them, and to 
ask no military service in return, if they would only swear their allegiance 
to the British Government. These messengers were hung as spies, and 
the spirit of the men was well expressed by one of the leaders in this 
revolt: "Clinton takes us for traitors. Let us show him that the Ameri- 
can army can furnish but one Arnold, and that America has no truer 
friend than we." 

During the Winter of i78o-'8l the traitor Arnold had been carrying 
on a plundering warfare in Virginia. General La Fayette was sent to 



170 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

oppose him. The march of La Fayette across New Jersey was the most 
rapid in the history of the Revolutionary War. Although the roads were 
deep with mud, but two days were taken in the march from Morristown 
to Princeton. Their route was through Somerset County. In this 
army of the French general was a battalion of light infantry from New 
Jersey, of which La Fayette said they were the best troops that had ever 
taken the field, and that an equal number of British had never ventured to 
meet them. 

In the Summer of 1781 we find the American army again in Somerset 
County. It is the march of the allied forces of America and France. 
There are two divisions of each. The right column of the Americans pass 
through the County from Chatham to Bound Brook on August 28, the 
left column going by way of New Brunswick and Kingston. The two 
French divisions march one day apart by way of Bernardsville through 
Bedminster to Millstone and Princeton, reaching Philadelphia on the 3rd 
and 4th of September. On October 19 Lord Cornwallis surrendered his 
entire army, consisting of 7,000 men, and the war of the Revolution was 
virtually at an end. A provisional treaty of peace was signed November 
30, 17.82. This treaty, however, did not take effect until January 20, 1783, 
and a proclamation declaring a cessation of all hostilities was issued on 
April 19, 1783. 

The war was now ended. Somerset County was free from the tramp 
of marching troops of friends, and from the invasion and ravages of the 
enemy. But to her honor and praise be it ever said that she was always 
loyal and unswervingly true to friend, but just as intense in her hostility 
to the foe, with a righteous indignation against the invaders of this new 
country, where men had come to seek for freedom and for peace. 

I have given you a connected but very hasty outline of all the move- 
ments of the Continental army, as an army, during the War of the Revolu- 
tion. I have not referred to the movements of independent companies of 
the militia, and especially of the minute men, who rendered such splendid 
and heroic service, many details of which I could give and many names 
I could mention, that ought to shine with unfading lustre in the history 
of Somerset County. I might have interested you with sketches of the 
old houses of the county that are so grandly historic. If they could but 
speak to-day to this Historical Society, you would need no historian to 
unfold the past, no orator to inspire patriotism. 

The old Dockwra house, the oldest standing in the County, built in 
1688, the home of Hendrick Fisher for jy years; the Staats house where 
lived one of those four "arch traitors" whom Lord Howe would not 
pardon; the Van Home house, where so many of the American officers 
had their headquarters during the camp on the Middlebrook, where Corn- 



The Kirkpatrick Family in Line of "Royalty" iyi 

wallis dined during his raid on Bound Brook, and where Washington so 
often consulted with his officers; the Fisher Hotel, still carrying the marks 
of the bayonets of Simcoe's Queen's Rangers; the Van Veghten house, 
built of bricks brought from Holland, the headquarters of General Greene 
during the Middlebrook encampment; the Van Doren house at Millstone; 
the Berrien house at Rocky Hill, where Washington wrote his farewell 
address to the army; the Wallace house, the home of the Father of his 
Country for six months, that has been made so grand an historical monu- 
ment: these and a score of others that I could mention helped to make 
Somerset famous in the time of the Revolution, and to make her glorious 
forever in the annals of time. 

The great men of Somerset during the Revolution are worthy of 
a better place than we have given them in our histories. Somerset County 
has the honor of being the home and the last resting place of New Jersey's 
greatest man during the Revolutionary period. I care not whom you 
name from all the honored and heroic men of those eventful days, Hen- 
drick Fisher stands first, — the noblest patriot of them all, the grandest 
character in New Jersey's Colonial or early State history. William Pater- 
son, Col. Vroom, General Frederick Frelinghuysen, General William 
Alexander, Captain John Stryker and Richard Stockton are only a few of 
a host of Somerset's great men. 

v* *?* %?* ^* 

THE KIRKPATRICK FAMILY IN LINE OF "ROYALTY" 

BY THE EDITOR OF THE QUARTERLY 

In a previous issue of the Quarterly (Vol. Ill, p. 268) much useful 
information was given concerning the Kirkpatrick family of Somerset 
County. In that article the author, Rev. Dr. Oscar M. Voorhees, quotes 
from a document said to have been compiled by Hon. Walter Kirkpatrick, 
grandson of Alexander, the pioneer in this country, respecting a titled 
family ancestry in Scotland. No connection, however, is made between 
Alexander Kirkpatrick and either of the Baronets, etc., named, and we 
judge that the exact relationship was not discovered, though very likely it 
existed. As a matter of fact the "compilation" spoken of, with much 
fuller data, is to be found in "Burke's Peerage," and must have been taken 
from one of the early works on English and Scotch heraldry. The same 
supposed titled ancestry appeared in "The Kirkpatrick Memorial' 1 (1867), 
and in general substance it reappeared in an article on the Kirkpatrick 
family in Lee's "Genealogical and Memorial History of New Jersey" 
(p. 458), where also an exact connection with the 'Lords of Closeburn" 
is not made out. In this latter named work, however, it is expressly stated 



172 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

that the Empress Eugenie, of France, was a grandchild, in the maternal 
line, of the Scottish Kirkpatrick family. 

But we have recently had our attention called to a volume known as 
Browning's "Americans of Royal Descent," published in Philadelphia in 
191 1, in which, under "Pedigree 134," there is a direct tracing of the 
ancestry of Alexander Kirkpatrick through, usually a male, but sometimes 
a female, line, back to Alfred the Great and his son King Edward. This 
is interesting, if true, and we herewith repeat the line as stated by Brown- 
ing. Unfortunately dates are not given, except in the fewest instances : 

1. Alfred the Great, King of England, had : 

2. Edward the Elder, King of England, who had: 

3. Princess Edgiva, m., secondly, Henry, Count Vermandois, and had : 

4. Hubert, Count Vermandois and Troyes, who had : 

5. Lady Adela de Vermandois, who m. Prince Hugh the Great, Count 

Vermandois, son of Henry I, King of France, and had : 

6. Lady Isabel de Vermandois, who m., first, Robert, Baron de Belle- 

mont, Earl of Mellent and Leicester, and had : 

7. Robert, second Earl of Leicester, Justice of England, who had : 

8. Robert, third Earl of Leicester, who had : 

9. Lady Margaret de Bellomont, who m. Sairer, Baron de Quincey, 

of Bushby, created Earl of Winchester, and had : 

10. Roger, second Earl of Winchester, Constable of Scotland, who 

had by his second wife, Helen, daughter of Alan, Lord Galloway : 

11. Lady Elizabeth de Quincey, who m. Alexander, second Baron 

Cumyn, Earl of Buchan, and had: 

12. Lady Cumyn, who m. Sir John de Keith, fourth Great Marshall 

of Scotland, and had : 

13. Adam de Keith, rector of Keith-Marischall, 1292, father of : 

14. Johanna Keith, who m. Sir Alexander Stewart, of Derneley and 

Cambusnethan, Knt, and had : 

15. Lady Janet Stewart, who m., Thomas, first Lord Somerville, d. 

1445, and had: 

16. Lady Margaret de Somerville, who m., first, Sir Roger Kyrke- 

patrick, Laird of Klyosebern, Dumf rieshire, and had : 

17. Alexander Kyrkepatrick, second son, Laird of Kirkmichael. His 

son: 

18. William Kirkpatrick, of Kirkmichael, obtained, in 1565, from the 

vicar of the parish of Garrel, the church-lands and glebe of the 
parish, though, just previous to this, he was "under scandal with the 
Reformers for allowing mass to be celebrated within his bounds." 
He was summoned to Parliament in 1548, and was father of: 

19. Sir Alexander Kirkpatrick, Knt.. of Kirkmichael, eldest son, 

who m. Margaret Chataris, and had: 

20. William Kirkpatrick, of Kirkmichael, eldest son, father of: 

21. William Kirkpatrick, of Kirkmichael, who sold his estate, and d. 

9 June, 1686. His eldest son: 

22. George Kirkpatrick, of Knock, in Kirkmichael parish, had Thomas 

and: 



The Kirk patrick Family in Line of "Royalty" 173 

23. Alexander Kirkpatrick, younger son, who had: 

24. Alexander Kirkpatrick, born in Watties Neach, Dumfrieshire; re- 

moved to Belfast, Ireland, about 1725, and then to America in 1736, 
and finally settled in Somerset County, X. J., where he d. 3 June, 
1758, leaving issue by his wife, Elizabeth: 

The foregoing twenty-four generations carry the record to America 
and to Somerset County. The Browning article then gives the line from 
Alexander Kirkpatrick down to various descendants of a preceding genera- 
tion, and, while most of it can be gleaned from the "Kirkpatrick Memorial," 
yet we shall rather follow Browning, adding some facts from the 
"Memorial" and giving much additional information in names and dates 
gathered from Somerset records and various sources, in order that the 
history of the family may be made more complete than has hitherto been 
published. As the important members of the family (e. g., Capt. David 
Kirkpatrick, Chief Justice Kirkpatrick, Judge Andrew Kirkpatrick, etc.) 
have had their lives fully published in other works, we give dates concern- 
ing them, and but few other facts. In reprinting this line we have changed 
the numbering to correspond with that in ordinary genealogies. 

Descendants of Alexander Kirkpatrick and Elizabeth : 



I. Andrew Kirkpatrick, who removed to Washington co., Pa. ; m., in 
Somerset co., N. J., Margaret, dau. of Joseph Gaston, of Sussex co. (For 
particulars of this Joseph Gaston, see Quarterly, Vol. V, p. 40). Chil- 
dren: 

(1) Alexander. (He is not named by Browning, but by the "Kirk- 
patrick Memorial," and also in Lee's "Gen. and Mem. Hist, of X. J.," 

P. 458). 

(2) Jennette, wife of Abner Johnson (who probably removed to 
Bucks co., Pa.) 

(3) Elizabeth, wife of Hugh Bartley, farmer, of Bedminster twsp. 

(4) Margaret, wife of Joseph McMartin. 

(5) Mary. (6) Sarah. (7) Anne. (8) Hannah. 

II. Alexander Kirkpatrick, merchant, of Peapack, N. J. ; m. Margaret / / 
Anderson, of Bound Brook. Child : Martha, who m. John Stevenson, L4 
of Morristown, N. J. "" — i ■ M 

III. Jennet Kirkpatrick; m. Duncan McEowen, who removed to 
Maryland. (As to McEowen, see Quarterly, Vol. Ill, p. 271). 

IV. Mary Kirkpatrick; m. John Bigger (who removed from New 
Jersey) and had children: (1) John. (2) David. (3) Elizabeth. (4) 
Anne. (5) Ruth. (6) Mary. 

V. David Kirkpatrick, b. at Watties Neach, Scotland, Feb. 17, 1724; 
d. at Mine Brook, Somerset co., N. J., Mar. 19, 1814; m., Mar. 31, 174S, 
Mary McEowen (dau. of Daniel McEowen; she was b. in Argyleshire, 



. 



174 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Scotland, Aug. i, 1728; d. Nov. 2, 1795. As to David, see Quarterly, 
Vol. Ill, p. 271 ; Elmer's '"Reminiscences," p. 304, etc. ) Children : 

(1) Elizabeth Kirkpatrick, b. Sept. 2j, 1749; d. Dec. 13, 1829; m. 
(first) Henry Sloan (son of William and Mary Sloan, of LamingtonJ, 
one of whose ch. was Rev. William B. Sloan, of Green v. - j- [As 
to this Sloan family, see post under "Department of Notes and Queries"]. 
She m. (second; Capt. John Maxwell, of Flemington. (The unfortunate 
statement in the "Kirkpatrick Memorial," p. 22, that her second husband 
was Gen. William Maxwell ha^ been followed by various writers on the 
family, and also appeared in the Quarterly, VoL III, p. 272. Gen. 
William always remained a bachelor;. Capt. John Maxwell, brother to 
Gen. William, was b. Nov. 2^ y 1739; d. Feb. 15, 1828; m. three times, his 
third wife being Elizabeth Kirkpatrick ( Sloan). 

(2) Alexander Kirkpatrick, b. Sept. 3, 1751 ; d. Sept. 24, 1827; m. 
Sarah Carle (dau. of Judge John Carle, of Long Hill, Morris CO.), who 
was b. about 1761. and d. Feb. 15, 1852; resided in Warren twsp., Somer- 
set co. His will of Alar. 22, 182O, mentions his wife Sarah, sens Alex- 
ander, Robert Finley, John and Jacob, and sons-in-law, William Annin 
and Squier Terrell (Somerset Wills, Book C, p. 315). Children: 

(a) David Kirkpatrick, b. Dec. 24, 1776; m. Sarah Cooper (dau. of 
Daniel Cooper, of Long Hill, Morris co. ; as to whom see QUAR- 
TERLY, VoL I. p. 155). 

(b) Man* Kirkpatrick, b. Apr. 25, 1781 ; m. John Lafferty Cross : : 
Basking Ridge. 

(c) John Kirkpatrick, b. July 24, 1783; d. Dec. II, 1855; m. Mary 
Avers (dau. of David Avers, of Liberty Corner). After his 
marriage he removed to the State of Xew York. He was a 
miller, carrying on a gristmill at Friendship, Allegheny co., X. Y., 
for some twenty-three years ; then removed to Cuba, in the same 
county (the county seat), where he had a mill until his death. 
He is spoken of as an exceedingly fine man. His children were : 
(1) William Avers, b. in Somerset co., 1S09; d. at Cuba, X". Y., 
Mar. 2^. 1S90; m., 1833, Louisa Blossom. He went from X'ew 
Jersey to Seneca co., X. Y., in 1812 ; in 1822 to Friendship. X. Y.. 
and later resided at Olean. Belfast. Cuba, Angelica, and finally to 
Cuba in 1843. where he remained until his death. He was on the 
board of supervisors of Belfast and Cuba, was superintendent of 
the Genesee Valley canal, and was a contractor and builder oi 
railroads and canals. In company with Gen. C. P. Chamberlain, 
he built the first grist and flour mill in Cuba. X. Y., and was i 

a director of the Cuba National Bank. (2) Elizabeth, b. r 
in Somerset co. ; d. Feb. 20. 1849. at Wayne, X. Y. ; m. William 



The Kirkpatrick Family in Line of "Royalty" 175 

Harrison. ($j Hannah, b. at Ovid. X. Y., Dec. 19, 1812; d. at 
Hornell, X. Y., Jan. 31, 1899; m - ' " cV ^ 1 Chapman. (4) 
Sarah Carle, b. *t Ovid, Aug. 16, 181 5 ; d. Aug. 8, 1891, at Syl 
ville, Pa. ; m., Feb. 2, 1834, Justus Madison Scott, of Friend: \ 
X. Y. They removed to JefTer.^»n co., Pa., in ib'_ - Da 

b. at Ovid, Dec. 29, 1820; d. Apr. 7, 1903, at Cuba; m. Jo^ 1 
Armstrong. He learned the milling trade with his father at 
Friendship, removing to Cuba in 1844; was engaged in construc- 
tion work on the Erie R. R. nine years; for 23 ; was 2 per- 
visor of the Western & Buffalo division of the Erie R. R. ; in 
188 1 became superintendent of construction of the T. V. & C. 
R. R. from Cuba to Attica ; and was director of the First Xational 
Bank of Salamanca. He was said to be an unusual man in r 
ways. (6) Walter, b. at Friendship July 23. 1823: d. at Mari- 
nette, Wis., 1905. He became a millwright, and in the States of 
Washington and Oregon put up large sawmills. (7) Mary- Jane, 
b. at Friendship 1828; d. at Etna, X. Y.. 1892; m. Jacob 
Albright, of Etna: was a milliner many years in Friendship, and 
was nearly sixty years of age when she married. (This informa- 
tion concerning John Kirkpatrick's descendants is from Mrs. 
E. T. Bird, Clearfield, Pa., a granddaughter of Sarah Carle 
Kirkpatrick and Justus Madison Scot: . 
(d) Rev. Dr. Jacob Kirkpatrick, of Ringoes. X. J., b. Aug. 8. 1785; 
d. May 2, i865; m.. 1809, Man- Burroughs Howell ^dau. of John 
Sutfin, of Freehold, X". J.) Dr. Kirkpatrick's life is given in 
the ''Kirkpatrick Memorial." Children: (1) Alexander. 2 
David Bishop. (3^ Dr. Henry Augustus^ b. 1S16; grac. at Jef- 
ferson Medical College 1840, and practiced at S:ir.:on. Hunter- 
don co., until his death Sept. 2Q. 1851. He m. | first Mary- 
Lewis : (second) a Miss Quick. (4) Calvin. (5) Newton, b. 
1820: d. 1863; m. Susan Sebring. He was father to Hon. Wil- 
liam Sebring Kirkpatrick. who was b. Apr. 21. 1844, and m. 
Elizabeth Huntington Jones. Judge Kirkpatrick has t ~:ught 
additional honor to the Kirkpatrick family, having been President 
Judge of the Xorthampton co. Courts. Member of the 55th 
Congress, Attorney-General of Pennsylvania and acting- 
dent of Lafayette College. He resides at Easton. Pa., where, as 
head of the law firm oi Kirkpatrick 5c Maxwell, he is the rec- 
ognized leader of the Bar. He has two ch.. William Hunting- 
ton, a member of his father's law firm, and Donald Mon S 
(6) Charles Whitehead. (7^ Mary. (8) Lydia B. : m. Dr. 
Justus Lessey, of Philadelphia. (o^ Sarah; m. J. Gardiner 



176 Somerset County Historical Quart erty 

Bowne, of Oakdale, N. J. (10) Frances J.; m. Edward H. 
Schenck, of Ringocs, N. J. (11) Anne F. ; m. Henry Schenck, 
of New Brunswick. (12) Elizabeth G. ; m. Martin Xevius, of 
Blawenburg, N. J., (13) Rev. Jacob, of Trenton, X. J., b. Oct. 6, 
1828; d. Oct. 2J, 1859; m., 1853, Sarah Catherine Van Liew, who 
was b. June 14, 1829, and d. Mar. 20, 1859. 

(e) Sarah Kirkpatrick, b. Sept. 22, 1787; m. William C. Annin, of 
Liberty Corner, N. J., who had a son, Rev. John A. Annin, of 
Red Wing, Minn., a Presbyterian minister, and at least daughters 
Jannete, Mary and Sarah. 

(f) Elizabeth Kirkpatrick, b. Sept. 21, 1789; d. Jan. 28, 1837; m. 
(1), Mar. 4, 1809, Alexander Vail, and (2), about 18 12, William 
B. Gaston, of Basking Ridge, N. J. William B. Gaston, known 
in later years at Somerville, to which place he removed about 
1824, was well-known as Judge Gaston, and was the father of the 
late Flugh M. Gaston, F^sq., of Somerville. (See Quarterly, 
Vol. V, pp. 128, 132). 

(g) Lydia Kirkpatrick, b. Dec. 20, 1791 ; m. Peter DeMott, of Bed- 
minster, N. J. Peter DeMott was b. May 18, 1792 ; d. Nov. 2, 
1873, and was the son of John DeMott, who was b. Dec. 3, 1746, 
and d. May 1, 1834, and of Catherine Vroom, who was b. Feb. 
17, 1750, and d. Feb. 13, 1836. The children of Peter and Lydia 
DeMott were: Arispa, Jane V., David K., Sarah, John, Ida, 
Henry Vroom and Ann Elizabeth. 

(h) Anne Kirkpatrick, b. Jan. 2y, 1794; d. 1866; m. John Stelle, of 

Bernards twsp., Somerset co., who d. 1850. 
(i) Rebecca Kirkpatrick, b. June 15, 1796: m. Squier Terrell, of 

Warren twsp., Somerset co., who d. 1867. 
(j) Jane Kirkpatrick, b. May 20, 1798; m. John Cory, of Morris co. 
(k) Martha Kirkpatrick, b. Oct. 8, 1802; m. Israel Squier, of Morris 

co. 

(1) Alexander Kirkpatrick, b. Aug. 10, 1800; m. Tingley. 

(m) Robert Finley Kirkpatrick, b. July 22, 1805; m. Charity Terrill 

(sister to Squier Terrell). 

(3) Hugh Kirkpatrick, b. Sept. 2, 1753; d. Jan. 9, 1782; unm. 

(4) Judge Andrew Kirkpatrick, of Xew Brunswick, b. Feb. 17, 
1756; d. Jan. 7, 1 83 1 ; Member of Xew Jersey Assembly, 1797. and the 
same year became Justice of the Supreme Court; appointed Chief Justice 
in 1803; m. Nov, 1. 1792, Jane, dan, of Col. John B. Bayard, of Xew 
Brunswick. Children: 

(a) Mary Ann Kirkpatrick; d. Mar. 17, iSSz; m. (as his second 
wife) Rev. Samuel B. Howe, D. D., of Xew Brunswick, who was 



The Kirkpatrick Family in Line of ''Royalty" 177 

b. Oct. 14. 1790, at Burlington, and d. Mar. 1, 1868. His pas- 
torates were: Salisbury, Pa.; Trenton; First Presbyterian ch., 
New Brunswick; Savannah, Ga. ; First Reformed ch., New 
Brunswick. 

(b) John Bayard Kirkpatrick, b. Aug. 15, 1795; d. Feb. 24, 1864; 
m., 1842, Margaret Weaver, who d. June, 1889, and had ch., (a) 
Hon. Andrew, of Newark, formerly U. S. District Court Judge 
for New Jersey, who was b. Oct. 8, 1844, and d. May 3, 1904, 
and who m., first (1869), Alice, dau. of Joel W. Condit, and, 
second (1883), Louise C. Howell.. His ch. were (by A. C.) : 
Andrew, John Bayard, Alice. (By L. C. H.) : Littleton, Isa- 
belle, Elizabeth, (b) John Bayard, of Xew Brunswick, b. Feb. 
14, 1847; m -> J une 2 8> 1871, Mary E. PL, dau. of John Phillips, 
of N. Y. City. 

(c) Littleton Kirkpatrick, of New Brunswick, b. Oct. 19, 1797; d. 
Aug. 15, 1859; was a graduate of Princeton, a prominent lawyer 
and Member of Congress i843-'5. 

(d) Jane Eudora Kirkpatrick; d. Mar., 1864; m. Rev. Jonathan 
Coggswell, D. D., one time professor of Ecclesiastical History 
at East Windsor Theological Seminary. 

(e) Elizabeth Kirkpatrick. 

(f) Sarah Kirkpatrick. 

(g) Charles Martel Kirkpatrick. 

(5) Captain David Kirkpatrick, of Mine Brook, Somerest co., b. Nov. 
12 (or 1), 1758; d. Dec. 11, 1828; m. (1) Mary Farrand, of Troy, Morris 
co., who was b. about 1772, and d. Sept. 5, 1805; (2) Sarah . Chil- 
dren (by M. F.) : 

(a) Walter Kirkpatrick, b. Apr. 12, 1795; d. Dec. 13, 1841 ; m. Mary 
Caroline, dau. of Col. Lemuel Cobb, of Parsippany, Morris co., 
who was b. Oct. 12, 1798, and d. Oct. 6, 1826. He was a graduate 
of Princeton, and Member of the New Jersey Legislative Council 
i8 3 6-' 3 8. 

(b) Dr. Hugh Kirkpatrick, b. May 31, 1/97; d. Mar. it, i860; unm. 
Practiced medicine, and was Sheriff" of Somerset i844-'46. 

(c) Elizabeth Farrand Kirkpatrick, b. Nov. 19, 1799; d. Dec. II, 
1857; m. Hon. Andrew B., son of Col. Lemuel Cobb, of Parsip- 
pany, and had dau. Julia, who m. Frederick A. DeMott, lawyer, 
of Morristown, who d. at sea Aug., 1879. 

(6) Mary Kirkpatrick, b. Nov. 23, 1761 ; d. July 1, 1842 ; m.. first 1 as 
his third wife), Hugh Gaston, Jr., of Peapack, N. J., who was b. 1734 
and d. June 25, 1808; and, second, Apr. 15, 1819, George Todd, who d. 

12 



178 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

about June, 1830. (As to Hugh Gaston, Jr., sec Quarterly, Vol V, pp. 
37, 39)- Children: 

(a) Dr. Samuel Kirkpatrick Gaston, who m. Nancy T. Cooper (dau. 
of Henry Cooper, of Chester J, and is said to have gone West 
about 181 7. Ch. : Henrietta. 

(b) John Gaston, b. July 4, 1796; d. Feb. 17, 1800. 

(7) Anne Kirkpatrick, b. Mar. 10, 1764; m. Capt. Moses Este, of 
Morristovvn. Children : 

(a) Hannah Este, who m. at Nottingham, in England, and had 
Lydia, (dau. of Edward Lewis of Basking Ridge) died in 1832. 

Ewing, of Trenton, N. J. 

(b) Judge David Kirkpatrick Este, of Cincinnati; m., first, 1819, 
Jucy Singleton, dau. of Gen. William Henry Harrison, President 
of the United States; second, Louisa, dau. of Judge William 
Miller, of Cincinnati, and had ch. (a) Major William M. Este, 
of New York, (b) David K. Este, of Cincinnati. 

(c) Charles Este; .... 2,'x^iy junnson, and had son David K. Este, of 
Philadelphia, who m. Eliza, dau. of George A. S. Houston, and 
had ch., Charles, Lucy P., Lillian, Florence May, Elizabeth 
Worthington. 

(8) Jennet Kirkpatrick, b. July 9, 1769; d. 1836; m. Dickinson Miller, 
of Somerville, who d. 1826. 

[The "Kirkpatrick Memorial" arranges the foregoing ch. of David 
Kirkpatrick in a slightly different order]. 

The foregoing lines could be carried much further by investigation. 
It should be stated that not all the Kirkpatricks living at an early day in 
Somerset, or elsewhere in New Jersey, are given above. An examination 
,of the list of burials at Basking Ridge (Quarterly, Vol. I, p. 215) shows 
that there are some Kirkpatricks not appearing above, for example, a 
James, "Esq.," Justice of the Peace in 1782; also a Thomas; and there 
was a Lewis, of Warren twsp. Probably these and others to be found 
elsewhere in New Jersey were descendants of John and David, sons of the 
first David (supra), or, otherwise, of Andrew, the brother and fellow im- 
migrant of Alexander, who located in Sussex co. after being for a period 
in Somerset, and whose descendants seem to have scattered widely. The 
"Kirkpatrick Memorial" states that Andrew had sons John and David, and 
daughters Martha (wife of Joseph Linn, who d. in Sussex county about 
1800) and Elizabeth (wife of Stephen Roy, who also lived and died in 
Sussex). Capt. John Kirkpatrick died in Sussex in April, 1822, as his will 
of April 12, 1822, was probated there May 1, 1822, and it mentions his chil- 
dren as follows : Sons, Andrew, David, Thomas, Alexander, William and 
John ; daughters, Mary, Elizabeth, Ann and Lydia. David, son of Andrew. 



The Kirk patrick Family in Line of "Royalty" 179 

doubtless left Sussex; at least he does not appear there among the wills 
and administrations recorded, nor in Warren co. 

This Capt. John lived near Johnsonburg, now Warren co. His wife, 
(dau. of Edward Lewis of Basking Ridge) died in 1832. 

Somewhere in the Somerset or Sussex line must have been a Hugh 
Kirkpatrick, who served in Capt. Jacob Ten Eyck's Company, X. J. 
Militia. He, as we learn from a Western correspondent, m. Polly Gordon, 
dau. of David Gordon, and both were living in Kentucky as late as 1803, 
when a son Thomas was born, who m., about 1826, Malinda Breedon. 
(Hugh may have been the son of Thomas Kirkpatrick and Elizabeth Gas- 
ton and have first m. Elizabeth King. See Quarterly, Vol. V, p. 39). 

An Alexander Kirkpatrick, who m. a Margaret Gaston (whether of 
Somerset or Sussex we are not informed), had ch., Alexander, Jennie, 
Elizabeth, Margaret, Mary, Sarah, Anna and Hannah. 

A Thomas Kirkpatrick, of Somerville, whose will of 1806 was pro- 
bated Jan. 24, 1809, had ch., John, Jane and (Mrs.) Mary Heath. (Som- 
erset Wills, Book A, p. 193). 

There were Somerest marriages of Kirkpatricks recorded at Somer- 
ville as follows: James to Aulette V. Van Arsdalen, Oct. 30, 1853 ; James 
to Mary Stout, July 20, 1844; Jacob to Sarah C. Van Liew, Apr. 21, 
1853 ; William to Mary Herbert, Jan. 20, 1875 I Anne to John Steele, June 
20, 1812 ; Letty to Thomas Suydam, June 28, i860. 

Services in the Revolutionary War in the Continental Army were: 
Andrew, of Somerset, Captain in First Battalion; David, of Somerset, 
Lieut, and Captain in Spencer's Regiment ; James, of Somerset, drummer 
in Capt. Paterson's Co., Third Battalion, Second Establishment, and also 
in First Regiment; John, of Sussex, Lieut, and Captain of Second Regi- 
ment; Samuel, of Somerset ( ?), private in Third Battalion. Services in the 
militia were: Alexander, of Somerset, private; David, of Somerset, 
private, wounded June 1780; Hugh, of Somerset, private in Capt. Jacob 
Ten Eyck's Co., First Battalion; John, of Morris, private; Samuel, of 
Morris, private; William, of Somerset, private; Alexander, of Morris, 
private. 

In Pennsylvania, in 1790, the U. S. census gives Kirkpatricks as heads 
of families in the following counties: Allegheny, Chester, Franklin, 
Lancaster, Luzerne, Washington and Westmoreland. In the State of 
New York in the same census an Alexander is noted as having a family 
in New York City, a James in Westchester, a John in Newburgh and a 
Samuel in Rochester. 

There were other Kirkpatricks who came to America besides Alex- 
ander and family of the Somerset line. For example, there was a Rev. 
William Kirkpatrick, b. about 1727; d. 1769, who was pastor of the 



180 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Amvvell Presbyterian church, Hunterdon co., iy66-'6g', a trustee of Prince- 
ton College, etc. He left a small family. There was a Rev. John Kirk- 
patrick in North Carolina (b. 1787; d. 1842), who was a son of Thomas 
Kirkpatrick and Mary Hutchinson, emigrants from North Ireland. 

About the year 1825 a John Kirkpatrick came over from Bally s- 
hannon, county Donegal, Ireland, to Nova Scotia, whose son, David, was 
the father of Hon. John P. Kirkpatrick, now living at New Brunswick, 
lawyer and recently Member of the Assembly of New Jersey. 

J> v> J* «9 

MONMOUTH AND MIDDLESEX EARLY RECORDS 

The counties of Monmouth and Middlesex have preserved, fortunately, 
far more ancient records than any now existing in Somerset County. The 
destruction of the early records of Somerset by the burning of the court- 
house at Millstone during Simcoe's raid in 17791 makes our remaining 
records among the latest in the State. Some of the Middlesex records, 
however, refer to Somerset, and inasmuch as both Monmouth and Mid- 
dlesex gave to Somerset many scores of settlers, and it is frequently im- 
portant to refer to their records, we give herewith a statement of what 
early books may be consulted at Freehold and New Brunswick. 

Monmouth County Records 

In the County Clerk's office are the following: 

Minutes, 1688-1721. This volume of 530 pages contains inventories, 
road records, marriages, letters of attorney, minutes of the several Courts 
and coroners' inquests. 

Deeds A. B. C, 1667-96. Deed Book A contains 123 pages and 
• includes "Records in General for the townes of Midltowne and Shrews- 
bury," beginning Dec. 14, 1667. Deed Book B, containing 179 pages, gives 
records of the Sessions Courts beginning June 26, 1683, and ending June 
26, 1688; also deeds from 1688-1691 ; also minutes of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, 1689-1690, and some odds and ends of matters. Book C, of 
197 pages, contains deeds and bills of sale, 1691-94. These books. A. B. 
and C, were bound under one cover, but have been recopied into separate 
volumes, paged as in the originals. 

Deed Book D, 1696-1715, of 212 pages, embraces deeds, protests oi 
shipmasters, letters of attorney, bonds, marriage records, road records, 
releases, etc. 

Deed Book E, i7io-'20, of 364 pages, contains deeds, with the ex- 
ception of a few powers of attorney, releases and road records. This 
record has also been recopied. 

Deed Book F, I720-'2I, of 206 pages, contains usually regular con- 
veyances, with a few Indian deeds and some road records. 



Monmouth and Middlesex Early Records 181 

Deed Book H, 1 730^47, of 415 pages, consists of deeds and releases, 
and some road records. 

Deed Book I, lySy'gi, of 533 pages, consists of deeds and releases. 
As will be observed, deeds are lacking from 1747- 1783. After Deed Book 
I there are only the regular conveyances down until to-day. 

Manumission of slaves and Minutes of Revolutionary soldiers. This 
small volume, of 176 pages, contains records of Revolutionary pensioners, 
manumissions of slaves, appointments of trustees of churches, etc., from 
1780-1816. There are two succeeding volumes of manumissions of slaves. 

Mortgages, i733- > 46. (No records of mortgages again until 1765). 

Mortgages, 1776. 

Mortgages, beginning with Book A, records dating from 1765 until 
present date, the first volumes, between A and Z, omitting J and Z. 

Road records. There are regular records so indorsed, lettered from 
A onward, dating from 1745 to date. Book A, however, extending from 
1745 to 1780, contains also minutes of -the Court of Sessions and Pleas 
i745-'6o, tavern licenses, strife, deeds for land, also sheriff's bonds of 
1754. The Road records in this book extend to 1772; Book B embraces 
from 1780-1813. 

Miscellaneous Records. There are nine volumes under this heading, 
containing certificates of names of churches, bills of sale of negro slaves, 
letters of attorney, conditions of sales, etc. 

Aside from the foregoing there are the usual records of later dates to 
be found in every clerk's office. 

In the surrogate's office records relating to wills and estates are, as 
in other county offices, only from 1804 to date, but the "Minutes of the 
Orphans' Court" begin with 1785. 

Middlesex County Records 

In the County Clerk's office are the following : 

"Early Records 17 14 Middlesex County." Contains about 533 pages 
of written matter, giving records of roads i720-'75; also, loose, the now 
important map made by "Az: Dunham," May 9, 1766, being "a map of the 
division line between the countys of Middlesex and Somerset protracted 
by a scale of 20 degrees to an inch." This is the map which is being fol- 
lowed up in the "Franklin Township Historical Notes" of the late Judge 
Voorhees, now running through the Quarterly, a synopsis of the names 
of places appearing on which will be given in the "Historical Notes and 
Comments" department in the next number. 

"Court Minutes No. 1" contains minutes from 1683-1720; the same 
book contains road minutes i705-'23. There are no following minutes of 
Courts until 1802. 



182 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Deeds begin with 1784, although, in a volume called "Ancient Deeds," 
there are eight records of deeds recorded out of time, the earliest being 

1757. 

Mortgages date from 1765 to date. 

The surrogate's office only contains matters from 1804 to date, except 
that the Orphans' Court Minutes begin with 1785. 

^B ^* «£* «£» 

FRANXHN TOWNSHIP HISTORICAL NOTES 

BY THE LATE JUDGE RALPH VOORHEES, IN 1 874- '76 

[Continued from Page 119] 

Among the many adventurers from Holland to seek a home in the wilds 
of New Netherlands, were Abram, Guysbert, Rynear and Hendrick 
Rycken, from whom the Ryker and Suydam families in New York and 
other States have descended. 

Hendrick Rycken came from Holland in 1663 and located in the 
suburbs of New Amsterdam, remained there for some time and then 
removed to Flatbush. His wife's name was Ida Jacobs. They united with 
the church there in April, 1679. He acquired a large estate and enjoyed 
a very respectable standing among the men of that day. He died in 
1701. About 1710 his children adopted the name of Suydam. His chil- 
dren were: Jacob, Hendrick, Ryck, Ida, Gertrude and Jane. Of these 
Jacob was born in 1666 and married Syche Jacobs. He was a person of 
intelligence and influence. He died in 1738, aged 71 years. His children 
were: Jacob, Hendrick, Johannes, Jane, Ryck, Cornelius, Dow, Ida, 
Adriana, Gertrude Isabella, Jane and Syche. 

Of these last-named children Ryck removed to Six-Mile Run, Somer- 
set County, about 1728, and settled on 158 acres of land on the western 
corner of lot No. 7, which he received in exchange for about the same 
number of acres purchased by him of Joost Schamp lying opposite to it, 
and along the path on which Adrian Hagaman built, lived and died. 
Ryck possessed other additional lands, and died in 1798, aged 95 years ; his 
wife's name was Maria. His children were: Peter, Jacobus, Abram, 
Isaac, Ryke, Mary and Ida. Peter (now to be called Peter, the first) 

married Femmetie (or Phebe) , and in 1743 purchased a lot of land of 

Peter Soulard, built a house thereon, which was standing in 1766 across 
the road and nearly opposite to where John Garretson, Sr., now resides. 
It was taken down about 1806. His first child was Ryke, who married 
Rachel Merrill, and whose children were : Peter, who married Catharine 
Priest, now his widow, living in New Brunswick; Phebe, who married 
George Van Derveer ; John, who married Anetie Williamson ; William, 



Franklin Township Historical Notes 183 

who married Charlotte Andrews; Ryke, who married a Miss Hoagland; 
Sarah, who married John T. Davis; and Cornelia, who married Garret 
Garretson. 

Lawrence, son of Peter the first, married Abbey Fry, lived about 
three hundred yards farther up the road in the house where John Garret- 
son, Jr., now lives; in 1766 the house was occupied, according to the map, 
by John Suydam, of whom nothing further is known. Lawrence, during 
a thunder shower, while standing in the door of his house, was struck 
dead by lightning. He had ten children: First, Phebe, who married 
Samuel Gulick; second, Ann, who married Cornelius Van Liew ; third, 
Peter M., who married (1st) Mary Oakey, and (2nd) the widow of 
David Nevius, (Peter M. died in 1876, aged 80 years) ; fourth, John S., 
who married, (1st), a daughter of John Elbertson, of Griggstown, and 
(2nd) Cornelia, daughter of Dr. James S. Cannon, and lived in Xew 
Brunswick; fifth, William, who married Cornelia, daughter of Garret 
Polhemus of Middlebush, and lived and died there, both deceased; sixth, 
Abram, who was a successful merchant in New Brunswick, and, while 
President of the Farmers and Mechanics' Bank of that city, was cruelly 
murdered by Peter Robinson, the latter being tried, convicted and executed 
April 16, 1841 ; seventh, Isaac, who died unmarried; eighth, Jacob, who 
died young; ninth, Catharine Sarah, who married Henry Snyder — he 
survived her and lives at Six-Mile Run ; tenth, Maria, who married Henry 
Bound, and lived at Six-Mile Run. 

Peter, son of Peter the first, married Jane Cox, and lived and died 
at Three-Mile Run. 

Of Abram, son of Peter the first, nothing is known. 

Ann, daughter of Peter the first, married William Williamson, of 
Three-Mile Run. He was an elder in the church of Six-Mile Run. and a 
kind friend of his pastor, Dr. Cannon. They had nine children: William, 

who married Williamson, and lived and died in Xew Brunswick ; 

Phebe, who married John Rodgers, and lived and died at Six-Mile Run ; 
no children ; Isaac, who married Ida Van Tine, was a deacon in the church 
of Six-Mile Run, and lived and died at Three-Mile Run; Peter, (nothing 
known) ; Anetie (or Agnes), who married John Suydam, (whose children 
were: William, who died young; Ryke, who married Elizal>eth Davison; 
Peter, who married Sarah French, who survives him; and Lawrence, un- 
married) ; Abram, who married Eliza Scott, who survives him and lives 
at Franklin Park; Lowe (or Lawrence), who went to Illinois, aided in the 
building of the Reformed Church at Fairview and died there unmarried ; 
Jane, who lived and died unmarried; Sarah, who married John Scott of 
Six-Mile Run, and moved to and lives in western Xew York, and had 
children, names not known. 



184 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

The road leading from the Union School house of Three-Mile Run 
to George's Road was settled originally by the Williamsons and Suydams. 
From the intermarriages which have taken place between their de- 
scendants, it has been called "Cousins Lane." 

Jacobus Suydam, son of Ryck the first, married Maria WyckofT, of 
Middlebush ; had children : John, Peter, Ryke, Joseph, Jacob, Jane and 
Abram. John, married Charity Demott, and lived and died on the home- 
stead ; had one child, Maria, who married, Jan. 18, 1825, Peter A. Voor- 
hees, of Harlingen. Peter married Cornelia Cox, lived and died at 
Three-Mile Run. Children : Henry, John, Jacob, Jane and Maria. Ryke 
married Ida, daughter of John Waldron. Both lived and died in Middle- 
bush. Their children were : Ann, who married John P. Smith, lived in 
Middlebush (she survives him; no children) ; John W., who removed to 
Fairview, Illinois, and died there; Maria, who married G. Washington 
Barcalow, and lives at Millstone ; Joseph married two wives, and lived at 
Six-Mile Run, but died in the West. Had children: William, Peter, 
Maria, Voorhees and Cornelia. Jacob married Syche Van Arsdale; no 
children; lived and died at Ten-Mile Run. Jane married Luke Night; 
removed to Western New York. Had children, names not known. 

Abram, son of Ryck the first, married Jane Voorhees. Children; 
Joseph, Peter, Maria, Ann. Joseph married Mary Brown ; died at Middle- 
bush, aged 95 years, and had : Abram, Matthew, Andrew, Peter, Jane, 
John and Isaac (of whom Abram J. is living at Three-Mile Run, and 
Peter is residing on the homestead). Peter married Leah Yorks, and 
lived and died at Three-Mile Run. Their children were Abram and Maria. 
Maria married Jacob WyckofT, and lived and died at Middlebush ; no chil- 
dren. Ann married Jacob Van Nostrand, of Three-Mile Run ; she survived 
him and died at her daughter's, near Blawenburg, aged 98 years. 

Isaac, son of Ryck the first, married Sarah Voorhees. Children: 
Peter, John, Ann. Of Peter, nothing is known. John moved to the 
State of New York. Ann married Andrew Brown, and lived and died at 
Six-Mile Run. Their children were: Mary, who married John Staats 
Nevius; Isaac, who married Eliza Veghten, and has survived him, living 
with her daughter, the wife of Lawrence Corzine, at Pleasant Plains; 
Matthew, who married Garretta Quick and lives at Trenton ; and Sarah, 
who married Garret Schenck. 

Ryke, son of Ryck the first, was unmarried; lived and died on the 
homestead. 

Mary, daughter of Ryck the first, married (1st) Lawrence Van Cleef, 
and (2nd) Roeloff Voorhees. No children. They lived and died at Six- 
Mile Run. 



Franklin Toivnship Historical Notes 185 

Ida, daughter of Ryck the first, married Peter Pomyea, and lived and 
died at Six-Mile Run. 

The homestead is now owned and resided on by ex-Sheriff Peter A. 
Voorhees and his wife Maria, and Mary Helen, their daughter, who mar- 
ried J. Calvin Hoagland, she being the great-great-granddaughter of Ryck 
the first settler. (Another daughter Garretta, married J. Boyd Van Doren 
and lives near Princeton). The land when first cleared was very pro- 
ductive, but by continued cropping became so reduced that many parts 
of it yielded nothing besides what was then called poverty grass, growing 
in summer and sometimes blown away by the winds in winter, but by 
modern modes of culture, and the application of manures and fertilizers, 
and the erection of judicious buildings, it will now compare favorably with 
the best farms in the township. While conducting its operations the owner 
has officiated in various public capacities, such as sheriff of the County, 
Member of the Legislature, etc. In 1863 and 1864 he was elected and 
served as President of the State Agricultural Society, in 1869 of the State 
Sunday School Convention, and has always been an active worker in the 
church and its institutions. 

There was a Cornelius Suydam, who came from Long Island at die 
commencement of the last century and settled on the south side of the 
Raritan, two miles above New Brunswick, where R. A. S. Johnson now 
resides. He is believed to have been a grandson of Hendrick Rycken, of 
Flatbush. In 1717 he and his wife, Maratie, were members of the Re- 
formed Church at New Brunswick at its organization. He and his de- 
scendants went by the name of both Ryker and Suydam. Some of the 
descendants settled in the upper part of Somerset County and in Hunter- 
don. There was also a Charles Suydam who located in Piscataway, Mid- 
dlesex county, having sons Okie, Cornelius, Charles, Jacob and Henry. 

I learn from "Riker's Annals of New Town," that the Rikers were 
originally a German family, located at a very remote period in Lower 
Saxony, where they enjoyed a state of independence at that day, regarded 
as constituting nobility. They then possessed the estate or manor of 
Rycken, from which they took the name Von Rycken. Hans Yon Rycken, 
the lord of the manor, a valiant knight, with his cousin, Melchior Von 
Rycken, who lived in Holland, took a part in the first crusade to the Holy 
Land in 1096, heading 800 crusaders in the army of Walter the Penniless. 
Melchior lived to return, but Hans perished in the expedition. The dif- 
ferent branches of the family had different coats of arms. 

Adjoining Adrian Hagaman's and on the Somerset side of the Old 
Indian Path or old road in 1766, was the house of Gretie, widow of John 
Stryker, who was the son of Garret Stryker of L. I., and who in 1712 



186 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

purchased of Peter Cortelyou of New Utrecht, Long Island, 300 acres of 
land for £300, lying between the old and the Middlebush road. 

In 1 65 1 came from Netherlands Jacob Stryker, settled at Long Island, 
and who, doubtless is the great ancestor of the numerous families of that 
name in this country. Herman Stryker, a Romish Monk in Holland, in 
1556, renounced his vows, and became one of the most popular preachers 
of his day. 

Gretie, the wife of John Stryker, was the daughter of Frederick Hen- 
drickson Van Liew of Jamaica, L. I., whose children were: Mary, who 
married Jacob Probasco of New Jersey ; Gretie, who married John Stryker, 
who settled on the 300 acres of land at Six-Mile Run, as before referred 
to; Elizabeth, who married Evart Van Wicklen; Dinah, who married 
Fulkert Derrickson of New Jersey ; Anolete ; Alche the wife of John Dor- 
lant; Henry; Johannes and Frederick, who in 171 5 married Helen Denice 
of the Narrows, L. I. Frederick settled on the land left to him by his 
father in his will, described as all his lands lying in the Jerseys, and is now 
owned by Abraham J. Voorhees of Three-Mile Run, whose wife, Ida, was 
the great-great-granddaughter of Frederick Hendrickson Van Litvv of 
Jamaica, as before stated. 

John Stryker died between 1735 and 1745, as at the last date his 
widow Gretie was assessed for 292 acres of land, 30 cattle and 2J sheep, 
£1, is,id., her name being then written Margreta. He had a son John, 
who must have succeeded him in managing the farm. John the second 
was succeeded by his son, known by many now living, as Captain John 
Stryker, who was a commander of a troop of light horse called State 
troops in the Revolution. John the first, son of Garret, had sisters, 
Lamache, Gaertie and Alche. Lamache married, first, Jacob WyckofT of 
Six-Mile Run, and second, Minna Van Voorhees of New Brunswick. A 
sister-in-law named Dinah appears to have lived in the family of his 
mother. John the second married Nelly, a daughter of Lucas Voorhees, 
who kept a mill and store at the place on the Six-Mile Run brook where 
Abram Voorhees lives, adjoining the Middlebush road. Lucas was a 
prominent man in the church ; had children, Ann, Abram and Lucy, who 
married Peter Quick of Ten-Mile Run, a woman highly esteemed for her 
many Christian virtues. 

After the death of the widow Margreta, Capt. John Stryker, her 
grandson, became the owner of the homestead farm and added 100 acres 
to it of land which he purchased of a Mr. Kearney, lying across the road, 
and opposite to the old 300 acre tract, making his farm then to contain 
400 acres, excepting eight acres which had been sold to Peter Pumyea 
and are now resided on by Edward Cushman. 

Capt. John Stryker built the large and commodious house now stand- 



Franklin Township Historical Notes 187 

ing on the homestead, in 1795. It was then considered one of the finest 
farm houses between New Brunswick and Trenton. He officiated in 
various public capacities, and as justice of the peace, executor of estates, 
etc., enjoying the confidence of the public in an unusual degree. lie was 
born June 27, 1745, married Catrene Van Derveer, a daughter of Johannes 
Van Derveer, Nov. 10, 1764. He died in 1820, aged 75 years. She was 
born Jan. 20, 1740, and died in 1815, aged 75 years. They had five chil- 
dren : John, born in 1765; Dinah, born in 1767, and married Jaques 
Voorhees of Middlebush ; Lucas, born in 1769; Frederick, born in 1773, 
and Cornelia, born in 1776. Frederick owned and lived on the homestead; 
married, first, Sophia Van Doren of Griggstown, who died in 1826 ; second 
Harriet Cox of Ten-Mile Run, who has survived him and lives at Franklin 
Park village. He died in 1853. She is in her 88th year. 

Frederick had six children by his first wife: John, Catharine Ann, 
Abram, Isaac, Dinah and John the second, all oi them deceased. Abram 
married Mary, daughter of Albert Voorhees of Harlingen, and died 
February, 1874. His remains lie buried in the Elm Ridge Cemetery. All 
the others who died on the farm were interred in the old family burying 
ground, established at an early day on the homestead. 

Abram's widow and their daughter (widow of Peter Boisnot), are 
living in the house where he resided in Franklin Park. Another daughter 
married Henry Van Doren and is living at Pleasant Plains. Another 
daughter of Frederick, named Catharine, married Austin Blackwell of 
Mapleton, and died at Plainfield in 1875, where they resided at that time. 

The Cushmans, who own and reside on the old Stryker farm, came 
from Otsego county, New York, and are direct descendants of Robert 
Cushman one of the ''Pilgrim Fathers." 

Robert Cushman left England very early in the 17th century, driven 
out by religious persecution, and formed one of that now famous Colony 
which settled at Leyden in Holland. Subsequently he joined the devoted 
band who sailed from England for America in the "Mayflower," and 
the "Speedwell." But the latter vessel proving unseaworthy was sent back 
under the charge of Mr. Cushman, who, after much delay and trouble 
secured the ship "Fortune," which followed the "Mayflower," and landed 
at Plymouth in 1 62 1. 

Mr. Cushman was one of the committee appointed by the church at 
Leyden to go to England to secure permission for the Colony to emigrate 
to America, and after the landing at Plymouth Rock, was, together with 
Elder Brewster, Governor Carver, Governor Bradford, and Isaac Aller- 
ton, an influential and important manager of the affairs of the Colony. 
Governor Bradford, in speaking of Robert Cushman, says, "he was as 
our right hand, and for divers years managed all our business to our great 
advantage." 



188 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Robert Cushman returning to England on business for the Colony, 
died there, leaving his only son Thomas in care of Governor Bradford. 
Thomas married Mary Allerton, daughter of Isaac Allerton above men- 
tioned, and from them the Cushmans on the Stryker farm are descended, 
and are of the eighth generation from Thomas Cushman and Mary Aller- 
ton, his wife. Mary Allerton survived her husband, and died in the 
ninetieth year of her age. She was the last survivor of the one hundred 
passengers who came over in the "Mayflower." 

From the description given of the Stryker property, the following 
persons have owned and resided thereon : John the first, John the second, 
third John the Captain, fourth, his son Frederick, fifth, Frederick's son 
John, sixth, Moore Baker, seventh, Peter Cortelyou, eighth, Peter Ayres, 
and ninth, the Cushmans now owning and residing thereon. 

[To be Continued] 

t^% t*9* %&* *&* 

EARLIEST AMERICAN ANCESTORS OF SOMERSET FAMILIES 

FROM THE EDITOR'S NOTE BOOK 

Cone. — Daniel Cone, b. about 1627 in England, was in Connecticut 
in 1657, and, in 1662, settled at Haddam, that State; m. (previously) 
Mahitable Spencer, and, again, in 1692, Rebecca, wid. of Richard Walkley. 
He died Oct. 24, 1706. Sons were Daniel, Jared, Ebenezer, Nathaniel, 
Stephen and Caleb. The Bound Brook Cones descend from Caleb. 

Conklin-Conkling. — Ananias Conkline came from Nottingham, 
England, in 1638, settling at Salem, Mass.; then on Long Island; d., about 

1656, at Easthampton, L. I. Wife Susan . Sons were Jeremiah, 

Cornelius, Benjamin, Lewis and Jacob. Somerset Conklins and Conklings 
descend from Cornelius. 

Cook. — Various Cook families came early from England. Ellis 
Cook, progenitor of various families of Morris, Somerset, Union and 
Monmouth counties, came to Lynn, Mass., prior to 1640, when he is found 
in Southampton, L. I.; m. Martha Cooper ; d. there 1679. Sons were John, 
Ellis and Abiel. Abiel's grandchildren settled in New Jersey. 

Cool-Cole. — Barents Jacobsen Cool had children baptized in New 
Amsterdam between 1640 and 1657. His son Jacob Barentsen settled at 
Kingston, N. Y. Tunis Bartiansen Cool came to America on the "Spotted 
Cow" in 1663, and d. 1664. His son Cornelis came with him, being then 
eight years of age, and m. Janneke Brink. Cornelis Lambertse Cool was 
in New Amsterdam in 1638. His son, Lambert, probably settled at Hack- 
ensack. 

Cooper. — John Cooper came from Olney, England, in ship "Hope- 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 189 

well," in 1635; settled at Southampton, L. I. Daniel Cooper (prob- 
ably not related) was said to have been b. at sea while parents were corning 
from England in 1699; had six wives and ten children (see Quarterly, 
Vol. I, p. 155). He was sheriff of Morris co., and d. aged 100; was buried 
at Basking Ridge. Both of these Coopers have descendants in Somerset. 

Coriell. — Eiias, Emanuel (or John Emanuel) and David Coriell, 
perhaps with another brother, Abraham, emigrated from the island of 
Corsica in 1663, and were French. Emanuel went to Lambertville, and 
operated the ferry there in 1733. David owned land at Dunellen, N. J., 
and left a; son David (this is the David as I understand it, b. 1735I; d. 
1779, \A:fio^ was the father of Abraham (1738-1828), who was the father 
of Richard (1775-1838), who was the father of Abner S., of New Market 
(1820-1905), who was the father of Mr. A. S. Coriell, of Bound Brook) ; 
also Moses, Abraham and Elisha. 

Cornell. — Guilliame (William) Corneille, of Huguenot descent, but 
son of a merchant in Rotterdam, Holland, came to L. I. about 1650, set- 
tling at Flatbush; d. 1666; name of wife unknown. Sons were Peter, 
Jacob, Wilhelmus, Johannes, Simon and Abraham. 

Cortelyou. — Jacques Cortelyou was of a Walloon family, son of 
Jacques, of Utrecht, Holland. The younger Jacques, a graduate of 
Utrecht University, was b. about 1625, and came to America in 1652 as 
a private tutor; was also a surveyor; m. Neeltje Van Duyn, and resided 
in New Amsterdam. He d. about 1693. Sons were Jacques, Peter, Cor- 
nelis and Willem. The Somerset line is derived from the Jacques last 
named. 

Corwin.— Matthias Corwin, b. in England about 1595, came over 
about 1630 ; was at Ipswich, Mass., in 1633 ; d. at Southold, L. I., in 
1658; m. Margaret (perhaps Morton). Sons were John and Theophilus. 
The late Rev. Dr. Corwin, of this county, traced his ancestry to John. 
There are descendants of other English Corwins in New Jersey. 

Cory. — John Cory, b. 161 1, came from England, and was at South- 
ampton, L. I., before 1644. Sons were John, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. 
Somerset families descend from John, Jr., who was b. in 1639. 

Covenhoven. — Wolfert Gerretse Van Couwenhoven came from 
Couwenhoven, a small estate four miles west of Amersfoort, Holland, in 
1630, being engaged to superintend estates in Rensselaerwick. near Al- 
bany, and then settled at Flatlands, L. I.; m. Neeltje ; d. after 

1660. Sons were Gerrit, Jacob, Derick, Peter and John. The Somerset 
line descends through Gerrit. 

Covert. — Teunis Janse Covert and Barbara Lucas, his wife, came 
from Heemstcdc, Holland, in 165 1, and settled in Brooklyn; d. before 
1700. Sons were Hans, Lucas, Mauritsz, Arent, Garret and Johannes. 



190 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Hans (John) settled in Somerset on the Raritan about 1705; Johannes 
near New Brunswick ; Lucas at Three-mile Run, in Somerset. 

Cox. — A John Cox was in Middletown, Monmouth co., in 1667, 
being one of the Associates who purchased land of the Indians ; may be 
the same who d. in Freehold twsp., 1728, leaving wife, Mary, and sons 
John, Joseph and Samuel. In 1656 he was a freeholder at Gravesend, 
L. I. A Jochem Gerretsen Cock was in Brooklyn in 1656. A Daniel Cox 
was in Readington twsp., Hunterdon co., in 1735. It would seem as if 
from one of these the Somerset and Hunterdon Cox families are derived. 
No one seems yet to have been able to trace out the various Cox lines, but 
.the name Cox and Cock were frequently blended a century ago. 

Craig. — There were various Craigs who came from the north of Ire- 
land (but all Scotch) to New Jersey at an early date, including several 
who settled in Monmouth co. Moses Craig, b. 1702, d. July 31, 1777, 
came in 1736 and settled in Bedminster twsp., this county. Sons were 
Robert, John and Aaron, the latter (Dr. Aaron) being a surgeon in the 
Revolutionary War. Generally speaking, Somerset Craigs belong to this 
line. There have also been Somerset descendants, however, of Andrew 
Craig, who came direct from Scotland about 1684, and, in 1700, was locat- 
ed near Westfield. He was b. in 1662, and d. Oct. 6, 1739: wife was 

Susanna , who was b. 1668 and d. Apr. 6, 1727. His sons were 

Andrew, John and William. John had a son, Samuel, who settled in 
Westmoreland co., Pa., whose life and descendants have recently been 
published. The writer on Samuel, in correspondence with the Editor of 
the Quarterly two years ago, believed Samuel's father, John, was the 
same who is buried at Lamington, this County ; date of death being May 
2 3> ! 753 (Quarterly, Vol. IV, p. 135). The fact seems to be proven 
by an examination of John's will, of May 9, 1753, probated June 6, 1753. 
(Trenton Wills, Vol. F, p. 175), which mentions his son Samuel, and was 
witnessed by "J onn Belyou, Robert Craig and Wm. McQown" (Mc- 

Eowen). His wife was Ann . So far as known, none of John's 

descendants are now in this County. 

Crane. — Stephen Crane, b. about 1635 in England or Wales, became 
one of the original "Associates" of EHzabethtown in 1665 ; m., about 1663. 
a Danish woman, name unknown. Sons were John, Jeremiah, Daniel 
and Nathaniel. One of Daniel's descendants m. into the Van Veghten 
family near Somerville. A Jasper Crane, b. about 1605, * n Hampshire, 
England, settled at New Haven: removed to Newark, N. J., about 1665, 

where he d. in 1681 ; m. Alice . Sons were John, Azariah and 

Jasper, Jr. Probably both Crane lines have had descendants in Somerset. 

Cranmer. — William Cranmer, from England, became one of the 
original settlers of Southold, L. I., about 1640. Wife Elizabeth Car- 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 191 

withy. He d. 1689. Sons were Thomas, William and John. (See 
further in "Department of Notes and Queries" in this issue). 

Crater. — Morritz Crater, German, probably the same who landed in 
Philadelphia in 1729 in the ship "Mortonhouse," was b. in 17 12 and d. 

in 1772; wife Elizabeth . He resided in Morris co. Sons were 

Jacob, Morritz and Philip. The Somerset line is said to have come 
through Morritz, Jr. 

Cruser-Krusen. — Gerrit Dircksen Croesen (or Kroesen), came 
from Ninschoten, Holland, and settled in Brooklyn ; m., 1661, Neeltje 
Jans ; d. about 1694. Sons were Dirck, William, Hendrick, Cornelius, 
Gerrit and Jan. 

Davenport. — Family name traceable to Orme deDavenport, of Ches- 
tershire, England, born about 1086. John Davenport, b. in Bury (near 
Manchester, Eng.) in 1777, came to America about 1799, and after a 
year at Danbury, Conn., located, in 1800, at Pluckemin, this county ; d. 
1830; m. (1) Margaret Traphagen, and (2) Mary Boylan. An earlier 
immigrant, Rev. John Davenport, came from Coventry, Eng., to Boston 
in 1637, but no connection has been traced between the e~arlier and later 
immigrant. 

Dayton. — Ralph Dayton, b. in Yorkshire, Eng., in 1588, came to Bos- 
ton about 1637, and removed to Southampton, and then Easthampton, L. I. ; 
m., June, 1656, the widow of James Hinds ; d. in 1667. Sons were Samuel 
and Robert, through the -latter of whom the Day tons of Basking Ridge 
descended. As it is stated that Robert was b. in 1628, it follows that he 
and Samuel were sons by an earlier wife. 

DeCamp. — Laurens Jans DeCamp came from Holland to New Amster- 
dam in 1664, and Hendrick (probably his son) settled at Woodbridge, 
while another son, Laurence, settled in Franklin township, this county. 

DeGroot. — Peter DeGroot, a French Protestant, came from Rochelle, 
France, in the 17th century, settling in New York City. His son Jacob 
came to Bound Brook, erecting a house there as early as 1700, and it was 
owned by him and his descendants until 1843, an d burned in 1853. The 
name is now extinct in Somerset, though descendants are still in the 
county. 

DeHart. — Balthazar, Daniel, Matthias and Jacobus DeHart were 
early immigrants from Holland (about 1658) to New Amsterdam. The 
family was originally from France. Jacobus settled in Elizabethtown in 
1671, and Daniel, a physician, came there later. Balthazar became a 
wealthy New York merchant. Simon Aesen DeHart came over in 1664, 
and resided in Brooklyn. Various of his descendants were early in Mon- 
mouth and Somerset. 

Demarest. — Originally des Marets, or de Marest, a French Huguenot 



192 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

family. David des Marets, b. about 1623, came from Middleburg, Hol- 
land, on the ship "Bontecou" in 1663, to New Amsterdam, with his wife 
Marie Sohier and four children; removed to Hackensack, N. J., 1680; d. 
1693. Sons to grow up were Jean, David and Samuel. Rev. Dr. Demarest, 
President of Rutgers, descends from David ; other N. J. Demarests have 
been descendants from Jean and Samuel. There was also a Jean de 
Marest from Beauchamp, Picardy, also a French Huguenot, who went to 
Holland, then to Mannheim, Germany, then, in April, 1663, came to Amer- 
ica, and finally settled, in 1667, in Bergen co. He also left X. J. 
descendants. 

DeMott.— Michael DeMott, of Huguenot descent, came to America 
about or before 1665; when he appears in the records of Esopus (now 
Kingston), N. Y. His wife was Annetie Westbrook, dau. of Anthony 
Janse Westbrook, of Albany. His sons were Anthony, Johannes and 
Dirck (Richard). Dirck was bapt. Sept. 21, 1684, and d. July 14, 1753. 
He rn. Styntie — — — , and settled in the neighborhood of Neshanic. The 
Somerset DeMotts descend from this Dirck. 

Demun. — Peter- de Mun, b. 1699 (or 1700), d. 1783, was in Mon- 
mouth co. in 1729, and, in 1745, purchased 200 acres of land in Bedminster 
township between Lamington and Vliettown. His first wife, Susanna 

, b. 1704, d. in 1758. His second wife was a widow, Patience 

(Potts) McQuackin^ of Bethlehem, Pa. Sons by first wife were Peter, 
Jr., John, Edward and William (d. young) ; by second George and Wil- 
liam. The Demun family of Bedminster descend from this Peter, and it 
includes some of the name of Dumont, who mistakenly supposed they 
descended from Wallerand Dumont, and changed the name from Demun 
to Dumont some years ago. The first Peter we know to have come over 
from Europe. 

Dentse (Van Middleswart). — Teunis Nyssen came from near 
Utrecht, Holland, about 163S, and resided at New Amsterdam, Gowanus 
and Flatbush. The surname became De Nyse and then Denise. He m. 
Phebe Felix, of England, widow of Hendrick "the Boor." Sons were 
Denys, Jan, Cornells, Joris and others. Joris took the name of Van 
Middleswart, and so did Jan, and both settled near Somerville. Cornelius 
and Denys also settled in Somerset, and their descendants retained De 
Nyse (or Denise). 

De Witt. — This family can be traced back to 1295 in Holland, when 
John De Witt, the ''Grand Petitionary," was one of the most distinguished 
men in the Netherlands. Tjerck Claessen De Witt, of GroothoUlt. Zunder- 
land, in Holland, came to America about 1648 with his brother Andries. 
Tjerck m., in New Amsterdam, Barbara Andriessen from Amsterdam. In 
1657 he went to Albany; in 1660 to Kingston, X. Y. ; d. Feb. 17, 1700. 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 193 

Sons were Andries, Klaes, Jan, Jacob, Lucas and Peek. Tjerck was the 
ancestor of the late Peter De Witt, of Somerville, and of the Sussex 
De Witts. 

Dilts. — Daniel Dilts came over from Germany about or before 1740, 
settling in Round Valley, Hunterdon co. His son Daniel, b. 1741, m. 
Rebecca Merlitt. His son Daniel, b. 1789, m. Elizabeth Xeighbour and the 
late Isaiah X. Dilts, Esq., of Somerville, was his son. 

Ditmars. — Jan Jansen came from Ditmarsen, Holstein, about 1638, 
and resided at Dutch Kills, X. Y. Sons were Jan, Do we and Rynier. 
The family name was added in this country, as "van Ditmarsen." The 
Somerset Ditmars seem to be derived from Dowe. 

Dolliver. — Family name originally Dalyber (probably Welsh). 
Robert Doliber, who d. at Stoke Abbot, England, in 1633, had three ^jus, 
William, Samuel and Joseph, who came to Massachusetts about 1647. Two 
other sons, Tristam and Robert, also came, the former returning to Eng- 
land, but Robert's future is unknown. Samuel, b. 1608, was a selectman 
of Marblehead in 164S, but settled finally at Gloucester. He m. Mary 
Elwell in 1654, and d. 1684. Joseph, also of Marblehead, in 1648, settled at 

Salem; wife Margaret . From one of these two brothers de-cended 

the Henry Dolliver, b. at Gloucester 1774, who m., in Xew York City, 
Maria Yoorhees, of Saratoga. Their son Victor M., b. 1800, wife Cathe- 
rine J. Quick, was father of James J., William H., of Xeshanic, Peter O. 
and Garret O. Dolliver, of Plainfield. 

Dorland (see Dnrling). 

Doty. — Edward Doty came over in the "Mayflower" in 1620 and 
settled at Plymouth; wife (second wife) was Faith Clark, whom he m. 
Jan. 6, 1635. He d. Aug. 23, 1655. Sons were Edward, John, Thomas, 
Samuel, Isaac and Joseph. The Bernards twsp. Dotys descend from the 
above line. The name is said to have been pronounced "Dowty," and in 
this way, it may be the line has sometimes been mixed with the real 
Doughty line. 

Doughty. — Francis Doughty, from Hempstead, Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land, was in Taunton, Mass., in 1639, and, in 1641, removed to Long 
Island. Name of wife unknown. Sons were Francis, Charles, Elias and 
Jacob. The Doughtys of Xew Jersey are descended from one of these 
sons (probably Elias, whose sons were Francis. Charles, Elias, Jacob. 
Benjamin and William), and not from the Edward Doty of preceding 
paragraph, although so stated in "The Doty Family." 

Drake. — Robert Drake, b. 1580 in England, was at Exeter, X. H., 
in 1643; d- 1668. Sons were Nathaniel, Abraham and (supposed) Capt. 
Francis. Capt. Francis was more probably, however, only a relative, not 
being mentioned in Robert's will. He was at Portsmouth, X. H., in 1654, 

13 



194 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

and, about 1669, came to Piscatawav, X. J. lie m. Mary ~ , and d 

about 1687. Sons were Francis, George and Rev. John. Attempts have 
been made, without full success, to show that Capt. Francis was a lineal 
descendant of Sir Francis Drake. 

Du Bois. — Louis Du Bois, Huguenot, b. at Wicres for Wiererj, 
France, Oct. 27, 1626, went first to Mannheim, Germany, and there m., 
Oct. 10, 1655, Catherine Blanchan. He came to America about 1661, 
settling at Kingston, X. Y., as a merchant; then at Hurley, Xew Paltz 
and again at Kingston. Of his ten children, the sons were Abraham, Isaac, 
Jacob, David, Solomon, Louis and Matthew. 

Dumont.— Wallcrand Dumont, a French Huguenot, came to Xew 
Amsterdam from Amsterdam, Holland, in 1657, settling at Kingston, X. Y. 
He in.., 1664, Margriet Hendricks, wid. of Jan Arentsen, and d. 171 3. 
Sons were Walran, Jan Baptist, Peter. The latter settled in Somerset 
co. about 1699, was prominent in church and civil affairs, and left many 
descendants. (See Quarterly, Vol. I, pp. 106, 208). 

Dungan. — Rev. Thomas Dungan, b. in London 1632, came to Xew 
England and settled at Newport; wife Elizabeth Weaver. In 1682 he 
removed to Cold Spring Falls, Pa.; d. in 1688. (See "Department of 
Xotes and Queries'' in this issue for the Somerset line). 

Dunham. — John Dunham, b. in England (sup. in Lancashire) in 
1589, came over from Leyden, Holland, in 1630, and d. 1669 at Plymouth, 
Mass. He was a member of the Legislative Assembly for twenty years, 
and d. in office. Sons were John, Jr., Samuel, Thcmas, Jonathan, Joseph, 
F>enajah and Daniel. The Somerset family descends from Benajah (be- 
coming Benyeu), b. 1732, who m. Mary Heath, and settled in Piscatawav 
twsp., Middlesex co., this State. 

Duxster. — Charles Dunster, b. in England, came to America in 
Nov., 1704. He was owner of what was known as the Dunster Tract, in 
Bernards twsp., consisting of 7,500 acres. His son James m. a Woodward 
and from him the Bernards Dunstcrs descend. 

Duklixg-Dorlaxl). — Jan Gerritse Dorlandt, b. about 1625, came 
from Holland to Xew Amsterdam in 1652; d. after 171 1. Fie settled in 
Brooklyn, and, in 1699, was collector of Brooklyn. Xame of first wife 
unknown; second wife was Anna Remsen, dau. of Rev. Jansen Vander- 
beeek. Sons were Gerret, Elias and Samuel, by first wife, and Rem and 
Jan by second wife. Lambert, brother to Jan Gerritse, came in the "Spot- 
ted Cow" in 1663, and also settled in Brooklyn, but later (about 108 1 | 
on Staten Island. He was Member of the General Assembly in Xew 
York. In 1715 he removed to Somerset co., near Harlingen. and d. about 
1720. Wife was Hermina Peters. Sons were Gerret and John. The 
Somerset families of Hurling and Dorland generally descend from Gerret, 
son of Lambert. 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 195 

Dl'Rvea. — Joost Duryee came over from France, and, in 1753, located 
in Montgomery township, this county. Through his son George the 
Duryea families of this county descend. 

Dlyckinck. — Evert Duyckinck came from Barken, Holland, about 
1638, in service of the Dutch West India Company, and, in 1640, was 
stationed at Fort Hope (near present Hartford), Conn. In 1643 he was 
at New Amsterdam as painter, glazier, etc., and is said to have painted the 
coats of arms in the First Dutch church of New Amsterdam. He m., 
Sept. 9, 1646, Hendrickje Simons, and d, about 1701. Sons were Evert 
and Garret. The Somerset line descends through Evert. 

Ege. — Adam Ege came from Germany about 1738, when about thir- 
teen years of age, and resided near Hopewell. He m., about 1748, Mar- 
garet Hunt. Sons were Samuel, Jacob, Nathaniel, George and Andrew. 

Elmendorf. — Jacobus van Elmendorf was at Kingston, N. Y. in 
1667. Date and place of emigration from Holland unknown ; m., Apr. 
25, 1667, Grietje van Wagonen, dau. of Aert Jacobson Van YVagonen. 
Sons were Coenradt and Jacobus. 

Emmons. — Andrew Emmons went from England to Leyden, Hol- 
land, and thence, on the ship "St. Jean Baptist." in 1661, settling at 
Gravesend, L. L His children signed their name Emans. Jan Emans 
came from Holland with his wife Sara, and settled near Flatbush ; d. 
about 1734. From which of these two those of the name in Somerset are 
derived has not been determined. 

Eoff. — Jacob Eoff", b. about 1678, in the Palatinate, Germany, prob- 
ably came over with his (supposed) mother, Magdalena, in 17 10, and. in 
1742, settled on 432 acres of land at Pluckemin, this county; m. Mary 

; probably d. 1780, when will was proved: if so, then 102 years 

old. Sons w T ere John, Peter, Garret, Jacob, Abraham, Robert, Cornelis, 
Christian. The name is now extinct in this county, but a descendant of 
Christian Eoff resides in Plainfield. 

Field. — This family has been traced back to John Fields, the 
astronomer, and even further, to William the Conqueror's time, when the 
name was De la Ffeld. Robert Field, b. 1605, at Sowerby, Eng., came 
to Newport, R. I., before 1638, and, in 1645, was one of the patentees of 
Long Island lands, including the site of Flushing. Fie d. before 1673. 

He m. (1) Ruth Fairbeck ; (2) Elizabeth Taylor; (3) Charity . 

Sons were John, Robert, Anthony and Benjamin. A son of Anthony, 
John Field, b. 1659, settled near Bound Brook in 1695, and was the ances- 
tor of the Field families in that locality and near Lamington. 

Finley. — James Finley, b. in Scotland in 1735, came from Glas- 
gow in 1769 and settled at Princeton ; in his later days he resided at 



196 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Basking Ridge with his son, the noted Rev. Dr. Robert Finley ; d. 1808. 
Other sons were James and Alexander. 

Fisher. — Hendrick Fisher (originally Vischer), the noted patriot of 
this county, b. in Germany about 1697, came over in 1703 with his father, 
Hendrick, the two settling near Bound Brook. The father d. in 1749, and 
Hendrick, Jr., in 1729. The house occupied by Hendrick, Sr., and Jr., 
is said to have been built in 1688 by William Dockwra, and was pur- 
chased, in 1703, by Hendrick, Sr. It still stands. (See Quarterly, Vol. 

3. frontispiece facing p. 1). The patriot's wife was Elizabeth , 

and his sons were Volkert, Abraham, Hendrick, John and Jeremias, who 
left many descendants. George Fisher came from Germany in 1753, and 
left descendants in Bedminster township, this county and in Hunterdon 
and Warren counties. Peter Fisher came from Germany in 1725, settling 
somewhere in Somerset, but later near Rocktown, Hunterdon co., and 
his descendants were mostly in Hunterdon. 

Frelinghuysen. — Rev. Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen (spelled 
van Frylinghuysen in Holland records of 1719), was b. about 1691 in 
Lingen, East Friesland ; came to Somerset county as pastor of three, later 
increased to six, Reformed Dutch churches in 1720 ; m. Eva Terhune ; 
d. about 1748. Five sons, all ordained ministers, were: Theodore, John, 
Jacobus, Ferdinandus and Henricus. The Somerset family descend from 
Rev. John (whose wife was Dinah Van Bergh, of Amsterdam, Holland) 
through John's only son, General Frederick. 

Fulkerson. — Dirk Volkerse, said to have been a Norwegian carpen- 
ter, was at Bushwick, L. I., prior to 1648, and probably Dirk, of the Sour- 
land mountains, near Neshanic, in 1685, was his son. John and Richard 
Fulkerson were probably sons of this second-named Dirk. 

Gaston. — Joseph Gaston, b. about 1690, of French Huguenot ances- 
try, and his brother Hugh, came from Antrim, Ireland, in 1720, settling 
in Bedminster township. Their history has already appeared in the Jan- 
uary Quarterly of this year. 

Giles. — James Giles came from England in 1668, and settled near 
Bound Brook. 

Griggs. — Thomas Griggs came from England to Massachusetts prior 
to 1639, settling at Roxbury. His son John had sons Benjamin, Daniel. 
Samuel and James, all of whom settled near Griggstown, this county in 
1733 or earlier. 

Gulick. — Hendrick Gulick and wife, Geertruyt Willekms. came 
from Holland in 1663 with two children, Jan and Jochem; he d. the same 
year. Jochem (or Joachim) settled first at Gravesend, L. I., and then at 
Six-mile Run, Somerset co. Sons were Benjamin, Henry, John and Wil- 
liam. 

[To be Continued] 



Somerset County Revolutionary Pensioners pm 

SOMERSET COUNTY REVOLUTIONARY PENSIONERS 

In our January number we published a list of the Revolutionary pensioners 
of Somerset County, as appeared on the rolls of the United States in 
1835. We now give a list of the pensioners on the roll in 1840, five years 
later, by which it will be seen that a large number had died between 1835 
and 1840. The Government list from which this is taken gives the names 
of heads of families with whom the pensioners resided on June 1, 1840. 
If living in their own residence, their names are simply repeated in the 
list, but we have not repeated the same in the following abstract. Where 
they were residing in the home of some other person, same will be found 
stated below ; 

Bedminster Township 

Annin, Joseph ; age 89. 
Field, Hendrick; age 88. 
Todd, W r illiam ; age 79. 

Bernards Township 

Kennan, Joseph ; age 58 ; residence with Jonathan Hand. 

Kennan, Alary; age 76; residence with Alva Lewis. 

Norris, Ziba ; age 78. 

Southard, Henry ; age 92 ; residence with Samuel S. Doty. 

Tonlin, John ; age 69 ; residence with Samuel Stanbury. 

Van Sickel, Hannah ; age 84. 

Whitaker, Nathaniel ; age 80. 

Bridge water Township 

Autin, John A. ; age 78. 

Brokaw, Richard ; age 83. 

Degroot, Jacob ; age 90. 

Little, Robert; age 86. 

Steele, John, Sr. ; age 85. 

Van Pelt, Rulif; age 82. 

Voorhees, Paul ; age 82 ; residence with Philip A. Tunison. 

Vosseller, Lucius ; age 83. 

Vroom, Henry ; age 83. 

Franklin Township 

Brokaw, Isaac; (age not stated). 

Perrien, James D. ; (age not stated); residence with Henry 

Hagaman. 
Van Tyne, Ellen ; age 78. 
WyckofT, John C. ; age 83. 

Hillsborough Township 

Bellis, Adam; age 91 ; residence with John Hall. 
Quick, Peter J. ; age 81. 
Scamp, George N. ; age 89. 



igS Somerset County His to Heal Quarterly 

Taylor, Willet; age 81 ; residence with Gilbert B. Taylor. 

Van Cleaf, Dinah; age 86; residence with Jacob S. Van Cleaf. 

Voorhees, Peter; age 84; residence with Rinear Staats. 

Warren Township 

Coddington, John; age 78. 
Pennington, John ; age 78. 



GASTON FAMILY LINES OF SOMERSET 

BY MRS. ANNA REGER GASTON, SOMERVILLE, N. J. 
[Concluded from Page 133] 

[Note. — Since the publication of the previous instalment of these articles in the 
April number the following corrections have been received: 

91c. Evelina Belmont Linn Gaston was m. Sept. 25, 1838 (not 1834), and d. 
June 23, 1849 (not 1838). 

9ig. Catherine Gaston m., June 2, 1864, Rev. George Zahniser. He subsequently 
m. his wife's niece, Mrs. Charges McGill (dau. of Dr. Albert Sergeant and Sarah 
Elizabeth Gaston, 91), as will appear under that family below]. 

Children of William Ker Gaston (78) and Alletta Margaret 
Tunison : 

98. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 13, 1847; d. J an - 2 3> 1858. 

99. Walter; m. (1), Nov. 4, 1873, Gertrude J. Phillips, who was 

b. Jan. 3, 1850, and d. Apr. 1, 1894; (2) Alary L. . He formerly 

lived in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., then at Plainfield, N. J., but now resides in 
Buffalo, N. Y. By his first wife there were two children : William 
and Edward. 

100. Mary, b. Sept. 10, 1851 ; d. Sept. 13, 1890; m. Vree- 

land, and had one child ; Gertrude. 

Children of Daniel C. Gaston (79) and Ida A. Vliet : 

101. Margaret, b. Nov. 16, 1830 ; d. Jan. 28, 1816; m., Feb. 28, 
1850, James English Hedges (son of William Woodhull Hedges and Jane 
English, of Chester, N. J.), who was b. 1824, and d. Jan. 7, 1892. Mr. 
Hedges was an active and successful merchant in New York, head of the 
firm of Hedges, Powers & Co., with business at 2y Murray and 31 Warren 
street, but with residence in Elizabeth, N. J. Child : J. Edward Hedges ; 
deceased; m. Amanda Louise Bedell. Two ch.: Frank Louis, of 12 
Floral ave., Elizabeth, and Caroline Bedell. 

102. William, of Elizabeth, N. J., b. Oct. 26, 1839: d. Sept. 18, 
1907; m., May 15, 1865, Margaret Ann Keiley (dau. of Matthew Keiley 
and Rachel Parker, nee Connelly), of New York City. (For ch., see 
infra). 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 199 

103. John D., of Somerville ; living; m., May 31, 1881, Margaretta 
G. Brokaw (dau. of John B. Brokaw and Magdalena Garret.-nn). He 
served as a private in the Civil War in Company A, 30th X. J. Volunteers, 
from Sept. 17, 1862, to June 27, 1863. Children: (1) Lena May, b. Jan. 
23, 1884; d. Feb. 12, 1884. (2) James Hedges, who was b. in Kansas, 
June 18, 1888. 

Children of Samuel B. Gaston (80) and Jane M. Vanderveer : 

104. Sarah ; d. in infancy. 

105. Sarah Jane, b. May it, 1835 ; d. June 17, 1836. 

106. William B., of Trenton, photographer, b. Mar. 29. 1837; d. 
Mar. 22, 1902; m. Sarah Anderson, who d. in 1910. He was a member of 
Co. A., National Guard of Trenton, from xApr. 16, 1861, to July 16, 1S61. 
Child: Morris, b. 1874; d. 1876. 

107. Cornelia Jane, b. Mar. 10, 1841 ; d. Dec. 4, 1891 ; m. Captain 
Owen Huntingdon Day of Trenton, also deceased. No ch. 

108. Emma Louise; living in Trenton. 

109. Samuel Brant, Jr., b. Feb. 14, 1846; d. Nov. 11, 1906; was 
twice married, but left no descendants. He served in the Civil W r ar as 
private in Co. D., 9th Reg't, N. J. Volunteers, from Feb. 9, 1864. to Jan. 
15, 1865, and was transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps, being dis- 
charged Mar. 1, 1865. 

no. John; living in. Trenton; unm. 

in. Sarah, b. Feb. 2, 185 1 : d. Apr. 29, 1908. Graduate of State 
Normal School, Trenton, and long a teacher in public schools of that 
city. 

112. Charlotte; m. John Chapman, who d. about 1906. No ch. 

113. Oliver; living in Trenton ; m. and has ch. : (1) Fred, travel- 
ing salesman in the West; is married ; (2) Percy, artist, of Los Angeles ; 
m. and has one ch. ; (3) Albert, machinist, of Sacramento, Cal. ; m. but 
no ch. ; (4) Oliver; (5) Florence; (6) Helen. 

114. Lizzie, b. June 3, 1858; d. Aug. 2, 1867. 

Children of John Gaston (84) and Rebecca A. Wortman: 

115. Joseph; d. in infancy. 

116. James (twin with Joseph) ; m., Jan. 1, 1873, Emma Jane Pot- 
ter (dau. of Samuel Potter and Jane B. Rue). Mr. Gaston long kept a 
stationery and book store in Somerville, and still resides there. He 
served in the Civil War in Company A of the 30th X. J. Volunteers, from 
Sept. 17, 1862, to June 27, 1863. He was for about thirty years librarian 
of the Second Ref. church Sunday school, Somerville. X. J. X'o ch. 

* 117. John Wortman, of Somerville, married Anna Reger (dau. of 
Augustine Reger and Margaret Vosseller). He resided on the homestead 



200 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

farm until 1891, when he removed to Somerville ; has been an active elder 
in the Second Ref. ch. Child: Mabel, supervisor of drawing in the 
Montclair public schools. 

118. Naomi, b. Dec. 16, 1846; d. June 27, 1903; m., Nov. 21, 1866, 
Peter Dumont (son of Isaac V. C. Dumont and Maria V. D. Nevius, the 
widow of Cornelius Nevius). He is an agriculturist of White House, 
N. J. Children: (1) John Gaston, farmer, of White House; m., Sept. 
1, 1897, Margaret Vail, and has two ch. : Leroy ; Mabel Naomi. (2) 
Cora, of Dunellen, who m., Mar. 14, 1887, Alvah Haver, and has ch. : 
Clara Matilda (wife of William Smalley, having dau. Helen) ; Florence; 
Earle; Ruth; Charles; Russell; Elsie. (3) Oliver Pillsbury, of Dunellen, 
who m., Dec. 3, 1902, Carrie Wyhnskey, and has ch. : Naomi Alberta ; 
Harold, deceased ; Evelyn Frances. 

119. William Ker, of Somerville; m., Dec. 3, 1873, Eliza Van 
Arsdale Nicholas (dau. of Tunis Vanderveer Van Arsdale and Sarah 
DeMott, widmy of William Henry Nicholas), who was b. July 18, 1846. 
and d. May 4, 1916. Mrs. Gaston, by her first marriage, had one son, 
Rev. Vanderveer Van Arsdale Nicholas, formerly pastor of Kennett 
Square Presby. church, Pa., but recently of the First Presby. church at 
Midland, Mich. Mr. Gaston is in the employ of the C. R. R. of N. J., and 
has been an active deacon of the Second Ref. ch., Somerville. (For ch., 
see infra). 

120. Oliver B., b. July 18, 1852; d. Sept. 1, 1853. He was 
drowned by falling in a spring. 

121. Hugh, of North Branch; m., Nov. 24, 1880, Rachel A. Ten 
Eyck (dau. of John S. Ten Eyck and Margaret Hull). He owns at present 
the Gaston farm at North Branch. Child: Ethel Rebecca, who m., 
Dec. 15, 1908, Fred Clinton Kellem, and has ch. : Darothy Charlotte and 
Alice Ray. 

Children of Oliver Berton Gaston (85) and Sarah A. Wortman : 

122. Jane Maria, of Jamesburg, N. J., b. Sept. 2j, 184 1 ; d. Nov. 
3, 1903; m., Nov. 3, 1869, George Henry Smock (son of Henry Smock 
and Maria Boice), who was b. Aug. 19, 1842, and d. Sept. 19, 1910. Chil- 
dren : (1) Freddie G., b. 1872; d. 1880. (2) Cassie Van Nest; m.. Aug. 
18, 1904, Robert Ayres Graff, farmer at Jamesburg. N. J., and has ch. 
Janet Gaston, b. Oct. 9. 1905. (3) George Willets; m., Apr. 5. 1907, 
Belle Brown; also farmer at Jamesburg. and has ch., Homer Brown. (4) 
Edna C. 

123. Catherine Van Nest, b. Feb. 4, 1844; d. at Locust Valley, 
N. Y., June 1, 1905; m., June 12, 1866, Rev. John Henry Smock (son of 
Henry Smock and Maria Boice), who was b. at Freehold, N. J., Jan. 20, 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 201 

1836, and d. at Locust Valley, Jan. 8, 1903. Mr. Smock graduated from 
Rutgers College in 1863, and from the New Brunswick Seminary in 1866. 
In college he was a classmate of former Vice-President Hobart. His 
charges were Oyster Bay, L. I., 1866-71; Readington, N. J., i8/i-'83; 
Oyster Bay and Locust Valley, 1883-96; Stated Supply, Locust Valley, 
i896-'98; without charge until death. Children: (1) Augustus Hobart, 
who m., Nov. 29, 1892 (a), Anna Grace Cock, and had ch., Helen Maria 
(b. and d. 1893) ; and (b) Nancy Burgess. Mr. Smock is said to be the 
highest paid tenor of any church singer in this country; was for a time 
in All Saints church, New York, and is now at Baltimore, Md. (2) Jennie 
Alma; d. in infancy. (3) Clarence McKay ; m., 1900, Eula Whiting. (4) 
Ethel L. ; m., Dec. 22, 1902, Henry C. Dudgen (son of Frank P. Dudgen 
and Phebe Wright). Have ch. : Dorothy Grace and Eula. 

124. Ida Ann, b. 1846; d. Sept. 30, 1851. 

125. Joseph, b. June, 1848; d. Sept. 10, 1851. 

126. Rebecca W., b. 185 1 ; d. Feb. 10, 1852. 

127. Joseph (second), b. Mar. 8, 1853; d. July 14, 1853. 

128. Olivia B., b. Apr. 8, 1854; living; m. (1) Oct. 5, 1S82, Wil- 
liam S. D. Chandler, of Elizabeth (son of Charles S. Chandler and Louisa 
Styles), who was b. July 18, 1853, and d. Dec. 21, 1891 ; and (2) Aug. 
3, 1898^ Rev. Abram Irving Martine (son of Jeremiah Martine and 
Charity N. Crum), who was b. at Clarkstown, N. Y., Oct. 19, 1848. Mr. 
Martine was graduated from Rutgers College in 1873, an d from the 
New Brunswick Seminary in 1876. He was pastor of Reformed churches 
at Stanton, N. J., i876-'!S2; Manhasset, L. I., i8S2-'9i ; Dunellen, N. J. 
(Presby.), 1891-99; Marlborough, N. J., 1899-1905; Little Falls, N. J., 
icpS-'ii; New Prospect, N. Y. (P. O. address, Pine Bush), 191 1 to the 
present. From i905-'o8 he was Superintendent of the Passaic General 
Hospital. There were two children by the first marriage, both dying in 
infancy. 

129. Sylvia Beavers; m., Aug. 3, 1876, George Sidney Willits, Jr. 
(son of George S. Willits and Elizabeth Githens), of Philadelphia, who 
graduated from the L T . S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., June, 1875. 
Ch. : (1) Charles C, who rri., Oct., 1902, Ethel Dumont. (2) Albert, 
who d. aged seven. (3) Grace G., who m., Jan. 19. 1912, Henry W. Yon 
Bremen, and has child Berend, b. Nov. 28. 1913. (4) Alfred S. (5) 
Jessie A., who m., Oct. 25, 1913, Edward B. Yansey. (6) Oliver G. 

130. Lizzie, of Elizabeth, N. J., m., Oct. 17, 1888, George Muny 
Williams (son of John R. Williams and Caroline McConnick), who is 
director of the P. Lorillard Tobacco Co., New York. Children: (1) 
Carolyn Gaston, who m., Apr. 22, 1910, Captain Giarles Stuart Donavin, 



202 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

U. S. A., and has one child, Elizabeth Stuart. They reside in Texas. 
(2) Ralph Schuyler, unm. 

Children of Hugh Gaston (87) and Jane V. Garretson : 

131. Robert, b. Aug. 21, 1845; d. June n, 1852. 

132. Catherine; m. (1), Jan., 1869, Andrew Quick, of North 
Branch, and (2), Apr. 4, 1894, Oscar Dunham, of Newark. Mr. Quick 
was a farmer who settled in Virden, Illinois, and died Nov., 1872. After 
his death his widow returned to N. J. Child by Andrew Quick : Jane, of 
Arlington, N. J., who m. Archibald Derby and has ch., Cathrine. 

133. Sarah, who m., Nov. 2, 1869, William Voorhees, of Pluckemin 
(son of James Voorhees), who d. at Jacksonville, 111., Mar. 28, 19 13. 
Children: (1) Ella Ramsey, deceased. (2) Lena May; m. Otto Coultons, 
of Riggston, 111. (3) Hugh, who m., Mar. 28, 191 5, Harriet Pierson and 
resides at Woodson, 111. 

134. 135. Mary and Martha (twins), b. 1851 ; d. 1851. 

136. Margaret, of Somerville, who m., Dec. 25, 1872, Ira Voorhees 
(son of John S. Voorhees and Sarah Vosseller), who was b. 185 1 and 
d. Apr. 6, 1913. Mr. Voorhees was a skilled wood-worker, who met his 
death through an injury while in charge of the mill of Smith, Schoonmaker 
& Co., in Somerville. He was long active in the Second Ref. church. 
No ch. 

137. Cornelia, of Somerville; m., Sept. 30, 1879, James Henry, of 
North Branch, now deceased. No ch. 

138. Jane, m., Dec. 6, 1876, Isaac Newton Dumont (son of Cor- 
nelius Nevius Dumont and Rachel Brokaw). Resides at Trenton, N. J. 
Child: Helen Gaston Dumont, who m., Oct. 20, 1914, Clifford Dean 
Phoenix, of Somerville, paying teller in the First National Bank of Somer- 
ville. 

139. Marietta, of Somerville; m., Dec. 2$, 1878, Peter B. Dumont 
(brother to her sister's, Jane's, husband). Children: (1) Emma Jane, 
who m. William Parry, merchant of Somerville. (2) Hugh Gaston. (3) 
Cornelia, deceased. (4) Irene, deceased. (5) Lillian. (6) Mary, who 
m„ Jan. 22, 1913, Clarence Wyckoff. (7) Harold. (8) Arthur. 

140. John Garretson, of Somerville, who m.. Mar. 17, 1S86, Ella 
Bergen Smith (dau. of Cornelius V. D. Smith and Judith Tunison Ten 
Eyck). He is the well-known head of the firm of Gaston. Black & Co., 
merchants of Somerville. He was Post Master of Somervilte 1906- 1914, 
and is Vice President of the First National Bank of Somerville. Child: 
George A., who m., Nov. 22, 191 1, Mary E. Brown, is connected with his 
father's dry goods firm, and has one ch.. John Garretson, Jr., b. Nov. 

*3- I9I5- 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 203 

141. Hugh, b. June 11, 1865; d. Aug. 16, 1866. 

142. Isaac, b. Oct. 20, 1867; d. Sept. 9, 1868. 

143. William Garretson, of 254 West 76th St., New York City; 
m., Oct. 12, 1897, Elizabeth Sutphen Craig (dau. of David Kline Craig 
and Mary Elizabeth Amerman). He started in the Fifth Avenue Bank of 
New York in the lowest capacity, over 20 years ago, and is now cashier 
of that institution. Children: (1) Katharine Craig, b. and d. 1903. 
(2) Mary Elizabeth. 

Children of Isaac Gaston (88) and Catherine C. Sutphen : 

144. Arthur Sutphen, who m., Dec. 20, 1871, Ella R. Ramsey 
(dau. of Joseph Ramsey and Euphemia Cramer). He was postmaster at 
North Branch Station in 1885, and was, until recently, in the employ of 
the N. J. Central R. R. 

145. Anna S.; living in Newark, N. J. 

146. Ida ; living in Newark. 

147. John Walter; deceased. 

148. Minnie; living in Newark. 

Child of Isaac Gaston (88) and Catherine E. Sutphen : 

149. Eddie, deceased ; d. from railroad accident. 

Child of Joseph A. Gaston (89) and Mary Collings : 

150. Caroline Cuthbert, b. 1837; d. 1910; m. John R. Phillips, 
of Philadelphia. Before her marriage she taught in the Butler school, at 
Somerville. 

Children of Dr. Albert Sergeant and Sarah E. Gaston (91) : 

(1) Elizabeth Sergeant, b. in Somerville, N. J., May 25, 1S35 ; living 
at Mercer, Pa. ; lived for a number of years with Judge Brown's family 
in Somerville, after she was Widow McGill ; m. (1) Charles McGill, by 
whom no ch. ; (2), July 5, 1866, in Somerville, Rev. George Wright 
Zahniser, of Mercer, Pa., who was b. Mar. 19, 1823, and d. June 12, 1S89. 
Mr. Zahniser's first wife was Catherine Gaston (9ig), youngest dau. of 
John I. Gaston, whom he m. June 2, 1864, and who was an aunt to his 
second wife. Mr. Zahniser graduated from Jefferson. College, Canons- 
burg, Pa., 1846; subsequently entered Princeton Theological Seminary, 
and was licensed by the Presbytery of Erie, Pa., April 10, 185 1. His 
pastorates were at Conneautville, Pa., iS5i-'59; Huntington, Pa., 1S59- 
'75. He then removed to Mercer, Pa., where he filled various supplies in 
the Presbytery of Erie until his death. Children: (a) George Brown 
Zahniser, civil and mining engineer of Newcastle, Pa., who m., 1902, Ruth 
Agnew, of Sewickley, Pa., and has ch., Elizabeth and George Brown. 2nd. 
(b) Katherine Gaston Zahniser, unm. (c) Albert Wright Zahniser, civil 



204 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

and mining engineer, now member of firm of Camp & Zahniser, of Phila- 
delphia, who m., 1905, Hannah Oliver Barton, of Baltimore, and has ch., 
Hannah Mary, Albert Wright and George Wright. 

(2) William Gaston Sargeant, b. Nov. 25, 1837; d. Oct. 21, 1898; 
m., in Waterford, Pa., 1876, Jessie Benson who d. June 2, 1910. Chil- 
dren: (a) William Gaston Sargeant, who m., 1915, in London, Mary 
Jaffrey, of New York City, (b) Dorothy Sargeant, who lives in Eng- 
land. (This family spells the name ''Sargeant," as above). 

Children of Hon. George H. Brown and Joanna B. Gaston (91a) ; 

(1) Mary Houston Brown, b. Feb. 15, 1842; d. Jan. 23, 1912; unm. 
She was a teacher for many years in Westminster College, New Wilming- 
ton, Pa. ; also at Grove City and Newcastle, Pa., but died in Somerville. 

(2) William Rezeau Brown, b. Nov. 25, 1844; d. July 10, 1870. He 
was employed in the National State Bank at Newark, N. J., and died at 
Roselle, 

(3) John Gaston Brown, b. July 2, 1846; d. Sept. 23, 1893; m., 
Oct. II, 1871, Jennie B. Bryant, who was b. Nov. 3, 1852, and d. Nov. 
29, 1889. He was long connected with the Adams Express Co., N. Y. 
City; lived and died in Somerville. Children: (a) Rezeau Blanchard 
Brown, who is general manager of the Milwaukee Gas Works, in Wis- 
cousin; m. Eliza Schmelzel, and has ch., Dorothy Hatton, Louise Eliza- 
beth and Marjorie. (b) George Houston Brown, of Somerville (with 
the Mutual Life Ins. Co., of N. Y. City) ; m. Anna Ethel Dorland, and 
has ch., George Houston, (c) Elinor Garretson Brown, teacher in the 
Somerville High School. 

(4) Churchill Houston Brown, b. Apr. 16, 1849; d. July I, 1881. 
He was a clerk in the National State Bank of Newark ; lived and died in 
Somerville. 

(5) George Houston Brown, b. July 30, 1852; d. at Cincinnati, Ohio, 
Mar. 25, 1908 ; m., first, June 6, 1883, Gertrude C. Carmer, who was b. 
Jan. 9, 1859, and d. Sept. 14, 1896; second, Apr. 14, 1898, Laura Has- 
brouck Le Fevre, now of Somerville. Mr. Brown was well-known for 
years in Somerville as an insurance agent of the firm of Carmer & Brown. 
About 1874 he became a partner in the firm of Fitzgibbon, Messer & Co., 
paper and strawboard dealers, in N. Y. City, and, later, went to Colorado 
and then to Iowa, where he became interested in a paving brick plant ; 
subsequently was a public official in Sioux City. In 1894 he gave up the 
office and became associated with the Metropolitan Life Ins. Co.. of N. Y. 
City; from 1895 to 1908 was Superintendent of the Cincinnati, O., dis- 
trict for that Company. The Metropolitan Life Ins. Co., in paying a 
tribute to him, declared that "his character, his personality, his rugged 



Gaston Family Lines of Somerset 205 

honesty and all his splendid qualities of mind and heart will be a precious 
and abiding memory." Children: (By G. C. C), (a) Morris Houston 
Brown, now of State of Washington, who m., 19 14, Gertrude Campbell, 
of California, and has ch., George Houston, (b) Joan Churchill Brown, 
now of Elizabeth, N. J., who m., 1914, Stockton Cranmer, (son of Rev. 
William Stockton Cranmer, D. D., of Somerville) and has ch., Winifred 
Stockton, (c) Henry Carraer Brown, now in the West, who m., 1913, 
Dora Brown, and has ch., Georgia and Marjorie. (By L. H. LeF.), (d.) 
Mary Loomis Brown. 

(6) Isaac Henry Brown, b. Dec. 18, 1854; d. Jan. 6, i860. 

(7) William Stewart Brown, b. Aug. 13, 1857; m. Aug. 31, 1907, 
Anna Flora Flugo ; living at Dayton, Ohio. 

(8) Ida Augusta Brown, b. Nov. 23, 1859; d. ^ a Y 2 9- I ^3\ m -> 
July 1, 1880, in Sioux City, la., Judge Samuel Smiley Menard, Jr., for- 
merly of Mercer, Pa., now a prominent lawyer of Pittsburgh, Pa. Child : 
Churchill Brown Mehard, who m. Mary Klein, of Anniston. Ala. ; lives at 
Sewickley, Pa. ; is a lawyer associated with his father in Pittsburgh, the 
firm being Mehard, Scully & Mehard, and has ch., Ida Brown. 

Children of Samuel S. Gastox (gi6) and "Margaret E. Whitenack: 

151. Joanna Brown, physician, of Elizabeth, X. J.; living; m. 
George S. Leary. Children: (1) Lewis Gaston Leary. (2) Russel 
Woodward Leary. (3) George Daniel Leary; deceased. (4) Evelyn 
Leary. 

152. Sarah Eliza; d. Mar. 8, 1857. 

153. Ida Almira, of East Orange; living; m. Ferdinand Adams. 
Children: (1) Nellie Frances Adams. (2) Marjorie Catharine Adams. 
(3) Flora Adams. (4) Ferdinand Gaston Adams. 

. 154. Maggie.; d. Aug. 6, 1862. 

Children of William Stewart and Alletta S. Gaston (91 e) : 

(1) Evelina Reynolds Stewart; living in Seattle, Wash.; m. Austin 
Gillette, of Mercer. Pa., later of Sioux City, Iowa, who is deceased, and 
has ch.: (a) William Stewart Gillette, b. 1865; d. 1888. (b) Charles 
Austin Gillette; living in Salt Lake City; m. Natilda Freitsche. (c) 
Aletta Maria Gillette. 

(2) Mary Stewart; living in Sioux City, la.; m. Daniel T. Gilman. 
of Mass., who is deceased. Children: (a) Sarah Marshall Gilman. who 
m. William Jordan, of Montana, now of St. Paul, Minn., and has ch., 
Mary Leighton, Katherine Gilman and Marjorie Stewart, (b) William 
Stewart Gilman, who m. Florence King, of Mass , and has ch. : Florence 
King, Daniel Trimble and Henry King. 

(3) Robert Annin Stewart; living in Omaha, Xeb. ; m. Alice Boyle. 



206 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

and has ch. : (a) Aletta Stewart, who m. Clinton Brome, of Omaha, (b) 
Elizabeth Hunter Stewart, (c) William Stewart, who m. Ruth Birchard. 

(4) Alletta Young Stewart ; living in the Stewart homestead at 
Mercer, Pa. 

(5) George Brown Stewart, b. Feb., 1868; d. Jan., 1893. 

Children of Isaac Gaston (91 f) and Mary E. Burnet: 

155. John Frederick, b. Sept. 12, 1852; d. Oct., 1892; m., June 
12, 1880, in Newark, N. J., Rose A. McNeill, who d. Jan., 1884. Child: 
Ethelwyn, b. Sept. 12, 1881 ; living in Newark. 

156. William Henry, b. Nov. 16. 1855; living at 35 Oxford St., 
Montclair, N. J., m., Apr. 5, 1893, Suzanne Lauenstein, of Springfield, 
N. J. He is with the Metropolitan Life Ins. Co., of New York. Children : 

(1) Mary Elizabeth. (2) William Isaac. 

157. George Houston, of Broadway and 79th St.. New York City, 
b. Apr. II, 1858; m., Sept., 1885. Martha Elizabeth Wilson. He is an 
active business man, and second Vice President of the Metropolitan Life 
Ins. Co., of N. Y. City. Children: (1) Helen Wilson ; d. Sept. 3. 1888. 

(2) George Houston. (3) Dorothy W'ilsox. 

158. Kate Zahniser; living at 201 N. 6th St., Newark, N. J. ; unm. 

Children of Hugh M. Gaston (94) and Frances Mallet-Prevost : 

159. Mary, who has been a well-known physician in Somerville ; 
graduate of the Woman's Medical College, Philadelphia, 1888; unm. 

160. Evelyn; m., June 15, 1882, Augustus Van Dervcer. who was 
b. June 4, 1850, and d. Apr. 9, 1902. Children: (1) Hugh Gaston; (2) 
Elizabeth K., graduate of Vassar College and teacher in the Somerville 
High School. 

161. Frances; living; unm. 

162. Louis Prevost, civil engineer, of Somerville; m., Sept. 5, 1895. 
Maude SafTord. Children : Kenneth S., student in Harvard College ; 
Mary; Hugh; Beatrice. 

163. Harriet Prevost, b. May 25, 1850; d. Dec. 2, 1856. 

164. Hugh Kirkpatrick, lawyer, of Somerville, b. Aug. 10, 1858; 
m., Oct., 1888, Sue D. Cammann. No ch. 

165. Elizabeth, b. Alar. 11, 1863; d." Aug. ^o, 1878. 

Children of Rev. John Gaston, D. D., (96) and Anna L. Teriiune: 

166. William Frederick, b. at Pompton, N. J., Feb. 11, 1S54; liv- 
ing at 170 Lexington Ave., Passaic, N. J.; m., Oct. 11, 1876, Mary Za- 
briskie (dau. of Christian A. Zabriskie, of Bergen co.) Mr. Gaston is a 
well-known lawyer of Passaic, ' rTaving graduated from Rutgers College 
in 1874, and being admitted to the Bar in June, 1877. He was also a 
member of the Legislature (Assembly) in 1882 and 1S83. Children: 
John; Frederick W. ; Alice M. 



Notes on the Wyckoff Family 207 

167. Matilda B. ; d. Sept. 7, 1890. 

168. Anna E. ; living-; unm. 

Children of William Gaston (102) and (Margaret A. Keiley: 

169. Frederick Keiley, of 734 N. Broad St., Elizabeth, N. J., b. 
Jan. 6, 1868; living; m., Apr. 19, 1892, Charlotte M. King. Mr. Gaston 
is a general insurance broker, with offices at 30 East 42nd St., New York 
City. Ch. : (1) Charlotte King, b. Nov. 28, 1895. (2) Frederick K., Jr., 
b. Oct. 6, 1897. (3) Elizabeth H., b. July 26, 1899. 

170. Ida V., of Keene Valley, N. Y., b. June 2, 1871 ; m. (1), Jan. 
^.10, 1893, Edgar J. Runyon, who d. Nov. 15, 1900; (2), Aug. 19, 1905, 

Arthur Dracas. Children: (By E. J. R.) ; Margaret G. Runyon, b. Nov. 
23, 1893. (By A. D.) : Mary Elizabeth Dracas, b. Feb. 4, 1907. 

171. William Edgar, b. July 14, 1873; d. July 2j, 1874. 

172. Mary B., of Jersey City, N. J., b. Sept. 3, 1875; living; m., 
Apr. 22, 1909, James W. Pyle. 

173. Margaret H., of Hartsdale, N. Y., b. Dec. 2j, 1879; living; 
m., Jan. 2^, 1004, Kenne' 1 Wilbur, Ch. : Margaret K., b. June 2, 1906. 

Children of William K. Gaston (119) and Eliza V. A. Nicholas: 

174. William Ira, of Plainfield, b. Jan. 2, 1875; d. Dec. 13, 1908; 
m., June 20, 1900, Bertha Adelle Philpott, who was b. June 1, 1879, anc ^ d. 
Mar. 20, 1909. Children: (1) Clarence Warner. (2) Arthur Her- 
bert. 

175. Anna Rebecca, of Somerville, who has a position in the 
branch office of the Prudential Life Ins. Co. 

176. James Herbert, of Somerville, in C. R. R. employ; m., Nov. 
17, 1904, Louisa Rockafellow (dau. of Solomon Rocka fellow and 
Jeanette Dalley). Children: (1) Edytiie Louise. (2) Ruth Tilton. 
(3) William Ellsworth. 

£ft o^** *2fc tj* 

NOTES ON THE WYCKOFF FAMILY 

BY WILLIAM F. WYCKOFF, BROOKLYN, N. Y. 

[Continued from Page 139] 

[Note. — It is hoped that these articles will induce anybody having knowledge 
of the Wyckoff, Wikoff. etc., Family, to send such facts relating to any genera- 
tion, as he or she may have, to the author, 215 Montague St., Brooklyn, N. Y.] 

(7 2 5) Joseph V. D. Wyckoff, b. Apr. 19, 1S17; d. June 27, 1S93 ; 
m., Dec. 10, 1840, Ellen M. Stothoff, who was b. Dec. 10, 1S23. Resided 
at Laingsburg, Mich. Children : 

952. Sarah Stothoff, b. Mar. 24, 1842; d. Oct. 17, 1S42 

953. Adeline Euphcmia, b. Sept. 22, 1843; d. Aug. 21, 1911 ; m.. 

Nov. 24, 1864, Dr. Arthur H. Biggs, of Detroit. Mich. 



208 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

954. Henry Augustus Raymond, b. Jan. 12, 1847; m -> F*k 8, 

18S2, Eva B. Hinmon. 

955. Joseph Van Doren, b. June 23, 1851; m., Nov. 20, 1878, 

Carrie L. Dillingham. 

956. John StothofT, b. Sept. 21, 1852; m., Oct. 10, 1895, Katrine 

A. Tison. Orange grower of Citra, Fla. 

957. Sophia Ellen, b. July 19, 1855 ; m., Sept. 21, 1876, John Bal- 

lantine. 
(726) Jacob Wyckoff, b. Dec. 20, 1818; d. Sept. 1, 1887; m., Jan. 
20, 1842, Sarah Jane Yoorhees, who was b. Oct. 21, 18 r 8, and d. Mar. 12, 
1900. He owned and operated part of the original farm at Middlebush, 
purchased in 1702 by his ancestor, Cornelius Pieterse Wyckoff. He was a 
man highly respected by the community, and of great influence. Children : 

958. Simon, b. Dec. 29, 1842; d. Sept. 10. 1843. 

959. Albert Yoorhees, b. June 2y, 1844; d. June 2, 1864. He was 

a soldier in the War of the Rebellion, and killed in action 
at Cold Harbor, Va. 

960. Martin Xevius, b. Apr. 10, 1850; d. Jan 27, 191 1; m., July 

5, 1873, Anna C. Baird. He d. at Tokyo, Japan, where he 
was professor and treasurer of Tokyo University. 

961. James Longstreet, b. Feb. 26, 1855 I A J u ty 2 7> l &55- 

962. Benjamin Van Doren, b. June 1, 1856; in., May 8, 1879, 

Fannv H. Drew. Reformed ch. minister at Readington, 
N. J.' 

963. Sarah Helena, b. Feb. ti, 1859; d. Nov. 12, 1862. 

964. Jacob, b. Mar. 21, 1861 ; m., May 7, 1884, Margaret M. Van 

Pelt, who is deceased. Retired farmer of Middlebush, X. J. 

(/2y) Isaac V. D. Wyckoff, b. Mar. 2, 1821 ; d. Sept. 3, 1863; m.. 
Mar., i860, Harriet Polhemus, widow of Peter Garretson. He was a 
farmer at Middlebush, X. J. Xo ch. 

(729) John Wyckoff, b. Sept. 8, 1767; d. Sept., 1842; m., Aug. 26, 
1789, Jane Barclay, who was b. Apr. 29, 1770, and d. 1857. He was a 
farmer, and was b. near White House, Hunterdon Co., X. J. He moved, 
in 1792, to Blenheim, Schoharie Co., X. Y., where he purchased a large 
farm. Children: 

965. John. 

966. Polly B., b. Nov. 3, 1792 ; m. Col. Elijah Van Horn. 

967. Nathan. 

968. Catharine S., b. Oct. 4, 1799; m. Dr. Augustus Knapp. 

969. Ambrose Spencer. 

970. Samuel Barclay. 

(73°) Jacob Wyckoff, b. 1775; d. Sept. 10, 1S49; ™- Theodosia 



lYotcs on the Wyckoff Family 209 

Cooper, who was b. 1776, and d. Apr. 29, 1839. He removed to Xew York, 
and lived for a time in Brooklyn. He was buried in Cypress Hills Ceme- 
tery. Children : 

• 971. Gitty, b. Sept. 2j, 1795; d. Jan. 28, 1885; m. (1) Cornelius 
Stephenson; (2), Dec. 9, 1814, James Cross. 

972. Elizabeth C, b. Apr. 1, 1799; d. June 27, 1884; m. ? Oct. 6, 

1827, Zetus Searle, who was b. Mar. 13. 1799. and d. May 
12, 1S80. 

973. Jacob Harvey. 

974. Harriet, b. Dec. 2, 1804; d. Apr. 19, 1828; m., Nov. 2, 1S25, 

Abraham Van Horn. 

975. Simon J. 

976. Fanny C, b. Dec. 11, 1808; m. Charles Daniel. 

977. Jane, b. Aug. 20, 181 1 ; m. Cornelius Clark. 

978. Eleanor C, b. Mar. 18, 1813: m. (1) Mott Cannon; (2) 

Stephen Childs. 

979. Amos Dayton. 

980. Israel Ludlow. 

981. Melvina T.. b. Sept. 8, 1820; m. Edward Thomas. 

(731) Simon Wyckoff, b. Feb. 18, 1782; d. 1857; m.. Mar. 6. 1802, 
Mary Catharine Kline, who was b. Jan. 5, 1781, and d. 1856. Farmer of 
Hunterdon and Warren counties, N. J. Children : 

982. Simon Stockton, 

983. John S. 

984. Daniel Miller. 

985. Jacob I. Schultz, b. Mar. 28, 1817; d. Aug. 17, 1829. 

986. Joseph Theodore, b. Oct. 3, 1821 ; d. Mar. 22, 1822. 

(732) Joseph Wyckoff, b. 1784; m. Margaret Hardenbergh. Lived 
in Roxbury, Delaware co., N. Y. Children: 

987. Joseph. 

988. John Meyers ; unm. 

989. Catharine ; m. Morgan Ferris. 

990. Agnes ; unm. 

991. Villetta Ann. 

(737) John WyckofF, b. Jan. 20, 1771; d. Aug. 26, 1842; m., Nov. 
14, 1793, Catharine McDonald, who d. 1854. He was a farmer near 
Washington, N. J. Children: 

992. Mary A., b. Sept. 6, 1794; d. Apr. 16, 1878; m., Sept. 21, 

1 81 6, Edward Youmans. 

993. Simon. 

994. Daniel McDonald. 

995. John. 
14 



210 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

996. Ann McDonald, b. Apr. 20, 1805; d. June 26, 1829; m., 

Sept. 15, 1825, haac Crevcling. 

997. William. 

998. Phebe, b. Apr. 19, 1812; d. Oct. 14, 1818. 

999; Margaret A., b. Sept. 3, 1815; d. May, 1879; m -» ^P r - I2 > 
1834, Jacob J. Perry. 
(741) Jacob Wyckoff, b. Dec. 3, 1784; d. 1846; m. Mary Kitchin. 
He was a farmer at Mansfield, Sussex co., N. J. Children: 

1000. John K. 

1001. Simon. 

1002. Hettie; m. John C. Miller. 

1003. Nancy ; m. Andrew M. Xunn. 

(743) John Wyckoff, b. Mar. 5, 1785; d. Nov. 26, 1875; m. (1), 
Jan. 5, 1804, Katharine Benjamin, who was b. Oct. 11, 1786, and d. Feb. 
14, 1819; (2), May 16, 1819, Mary Scudder, who was b. June 12, 1787, 
and d. Nov. 30, 1875. Lived in Greene co., N. Y., and in Westchester co., 
N. Y., and was a man of great influence. Children: 

1004. Roxanna, b. Dec. 20, 1804; d. Dec. 27, 1893; m. (1) John 

Palmer, who d. 1848; and (2), 1856, Ephraim Penfield 
No ch. 

1005. Sophia, b. Sept. 4, 1807; d. Sept. 30, 1807. 

1006. Hiram B., b. Oct. 1, 1808; d. Oct. 26, 1874. •] • - -^ 

1007. Alice, b. Mar. 14, 181 1; d. June 14, 1895; m. ^— 

Weasmer. 

1008. Elizabeth Maria, b. May 14, 1813; m. (1) Pettit; 

and (2) Baldwin. 

1009. Richard B. 

1010. John B. 
ion. Cornelius. 

10 1 2. Catharine, b. Nov. 14, 1821 ; m. Mabin. 

1013. Eliza, b. Oct. 29, 1823; d. Mar. 24, 1851 ; num. 

1014. Smith. 

1015. George. 

1016. Mary, b. Sept. 11, 1834; d. Oct., 1911; m. John Maginnis. 
(747) Samuel C. Wyckoff, b. Sept. 11, 1796; d. Apr. 24, 1869: m. 

(1), May 22, 1819, Mary Brown, who was b. Oct. 18, 1793, ancl d« Aug. 
22, 1849; and (2), 1852, Margaret Conover, who was b. Feb. 7, 181 5. He 
was born at Matawan, Monmouth co., N. J., and lived after marriage in 
Williamsburgh (now Brooklyn), N. Y., and in New York City. In later 
life he lived in Tompkins co., N. Y. Children: 

1017. Mary Elizabeth, b. May 7, 1821 ; m., May 2^, 1847, Edwin 

F. Smith. 



Notes on the Wyckoff Family 21 1 

1018. Hetty Brown, b. Sept. 16, 1823; d. Jan. 25, i860; m. (1), 

July 23, 1848, Edwin Decker; and (2) Andrew Kniffin. 

1019. Richard B„ 

1020. Samuel, b. Jan. 15, 1828; d. Dec. 9, 1829. 

1021. Caroline N., b. Sept. 25, 1830; d. Apr. 1, 1869; m., Oct. 5, 

1851, Fred Adee. 

1022. Alice Louisa, b. Oct. 11, 1853; d. Sept. 13, 1896; unm. 

(751) Jesse Wyckoff, b. Dec. 5, 1785; d. Oct. 19, 1858; m. Susanna 
Brown, who was b. May 25, 1787, and d. Jan. 30, 1858. Farmer near 
Ithaca, N. Y. Children : 

1023. John. 

1024. Ira. 

1025. Levi. 

1026. Anna. 

(752) Levi Wyckoff, b. Feb. 14, 1788; d. Oct. 4, 1814. No further 
trace ; probably unm. 

(753) Joseph Wyckoff, b. July 8, 1803; d. Oct. 15, 1857; m. (1) 
Ella Gibbs; and (2) Olive Stewart Perkins. Lived in Western Penn- 
sylvania. Children : 



m. Dean. 



1027. 


Anson. 


1028. 


Jacob. 


1029. 


Elizabeth ; 


1030. 


Luther. 


103 1. 


Chauncey. 


1032. 


Willard. 


™33- 


Ella. 


1034. 


Wilson J. 


io35- 


Leslie U. 



(761) George A. Wyckoff, b. Aug. 4, 1795; d. Nov. 12, 1830; m., 

Jan. 26, 1817, Kate Klickener, who was b. Sept. 14, , and d. 18S0. 

Children : 

1036. Cornelius. 

1037. George T. 

1038. Sarah E. ; m. Henry W. Yawger. 

1039. Elijah G. 

1040. Samuel Stewart. 

1041. Abraham D., b. Mar. 29, 1826; unm. 

1042. John C. 

1043. Benjamin Smith. 

(773) Cornelius Wyckoff, b. June 31, 1814; d. Apr. 8, 18S2; m., 
Jan. 7, 1847, Matilda Polhemus, who d. Aug. II, 1907. He was a farmer 
at Fair view, 111. No ch. 



212 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

i 
V (775) Abraham Ten Eyck Wyckoff, b. Sept., 1816; d. Oct. 23, 1878; 
m. Rachel A. Lane, who d. Aug. 26, 1897. Farmer at Fairview, 111. 
Children : 

1044. Christiana; m. Dipperey. 

1045. Sophia ; m. Cope. 

1046. Elizabeth ; m. Stout. 

1047. J onn L. 

1048. Henrietta ; m. Smith. 

1049. Margaret; m. Lane. 

1050. George. 

105 1. Ellen ; m. Wolford. 

(776) George Dennis Wyckoff, b. Sept. 10, 1820; m. Lane 

(dau. of John A. Lane). He died in Chicago, 111. Children: 

1052. Margaret. 

1053. Georgianna. 

(781) Ten Eyck Wyckoff, b. 1790; m. Mary Ditmars. Children: 

1054. William D. 

1055. Peter Henry. 

1056. Sophia Cox, b. Apr. 8, 1828; d. Apr. 15, 1846; unm. 

1057. Cornelia Ann, b. May 12, 1831 ; d. Oct. 28, 1861 ; m. a sea 

captain. 

1058. Theodore. 

(782) Simon D. Wyckoff, b. Mar. 25, 1794 ; m. (1) Gertrude Broad- 
head, and (2) Rachel Broadhead (widow of Van Wagner). 

Was a lawyer and farmer living in Keyserike, Ulster co., N. Y., to which 
place he went from White House, N. J. Children: 

1059. Dennis. 

1060. George David, b. Mar. 3, 183 1 ; d. Mar. 11, 183 1. 

1061. Martin N. 

1062. Abraham Broadhead. 

1063. Margaret Ann, b. Apr. 25, 1817; d. 1900 ; m. Isaac R. Win- 

field. 

1064. Mary Elizabeth, b. May I, 1836; d. Jan. 14, 1901 ; m., Dec. 

16, 1862, Moses Mericle, who was b. May 26, 1840. and 
d. Jan. 7, 1904. 

1065. Rebecca, b. June 26, 1833 ; d. young. 

1066. Louis. 

(783) Tunis Wyckoff, b. Jan. 25, 1797; d. May 4, 1871 ; m. (1), 
Apr. 24, 1818, Ann Vosseller, who was b. July 17, 1797, and d. May 23, 
1847, an< ^ ( 2 ) Mrs, Ruth Reas a widow, nee Montgomery. In 1836 he 
moved from Readington, N. J., to Wooster, Wayne co., Ohio, where he 
bought a farm and lived the rest of his life. Children : 



Notes on the Wyckoff Family 213 

1067. Margaret Melick, of North English, la., b. May 17, 1819; 

d. Aug. 20, 1909; m., Feb. 28, 1839, Thomas Buckley, 
who was b. Oct. I, 1818, and d. May 3, 1902. 

1068. John Vosseller. 

1069. Ann Eliza, b. May 6, 1824; d. Oct., 1884; m. Ezra Mun- 

son. 

1070. Dennis, b. Sept. 21, 1826; d. May 5, 1876; unm. 

107 1. Luke V. 

1072. Sarah Ellen, b. May 29, 1831 ; d. Apr. 1, 1897; m., Feb. 21, 

1854, Joseph Kimber, who was b. May 2, 1826, and d. 
May 1, 1910. 

1073. Mary, b. 1834; d. young. 

(784) George D. Wyckoff, b. Jan. 15, 1799; d. Nov. 21, 1829; m., 
Dec. 25, 1822, Mary Waldron. Farmer at White House, N. J. Children : 

1074. Dennis G. 

1075. Jerome W. 

1076. Margaret Elizabeth W r aldron, b. Oct. 30, 1829; d. Feb. 16, 

1843- 

(787) Dennis Wyckoff, b. Feb. 5, 1807; m. (sup.) Martha Lowe. I 
am not certain about his children, but probably a family living at Dover, 
N. J., are among his descendants. Information concerning his children is 
much desired. He probably had five children, whose names are unknown 
to me. 

(788) Peter Melick Wyckoff, b. Apr. 17, 1809; d. July 19, 1832; m., 
Jan. 19, 1832, Alice B. Polhemus. Child : 

1077. Edgar P., b. Oct. 13, 1832; unm. Lives in Brooklyn, X. Y. 

(792) Cornelius Wyckoff, b. Sept. 7, 1763; d. July 30, 1843; m - 
Elizabeth Nevius, who was b. July 25, 1765. He was a farmer at Ovid, 
Seneca co., N. Y. Children: 

1078. Peter. 

1079. James. 

1080. Abraham. 

1 081. Catharine, b. Oct. 23, 1798; d. Feb. 19, 1875; m - (0, Feb. 

17, 1823, Peter Minor, who was b. Apr. 11, 1800, and d. 
Apr. 30, 1852; and (2) James Quick. 

1082. Lenah, b. Mar. 14, 1801 ; d. Nov. 29, 1845. 

(793) Peter Wyckoff, b. Mar. 27, 1765 ; d. Aug. 15, 1849. No further 
trace of this man or his children. He probably lived in Seneca co., X. Y. 

(794) Joshua Wyckoff, b. June 5, 1767; d. May 2, 1830: m. (1), 
Jan. 24, 1793, Caty Probasko, who was b. June 2, 1770, and d. Dec. iS, 
1793, and (2), May 31, 1795, Nancy Halsen. He was a farmer at Lodi, 
Seneca co., X. Y. Children : 



214 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

1083. Washington. 

1084. Sarah, b. Sept. 13, 1798; d. Nov. 15, 1869; m., June 25, 

1818, Clayton Semans, who was b. Jan. 25, 1792, and d. 
1882. 

1085. Emmeline, b. Apr. 9, 1810; m., Jan. 26, 1828, William C. 

Kelly, who was b. Feb. 22, 1807, and d. 1870. 

1086. Nicoll H., b. June 11, 1805 ; d. Sept. 16, 1878; m., Nov. 25, 

1824, Elizabeth Kelly. 

1087. Catharine P., b. Jan. 13, 1796; d. Apr. 17, 1889; m. (1) 

John Starkey; and (2) Joseph Moffatt. 

1088. Susan C, b. Jan. 20, 1801; d. Oct. 21, 1862; m., Nov. 20, 

1817, John Y. Manning, who was b. June 7, 1795, and d. 
July, 1882. 

1089. Franklin, b. Nov. 29, 1812; d. Sept. 17, 1818. 

(801) Garret Wyckoff, bapt. May 16, 1790; d. 1842; m., 1815, Eliza- 
beth Doty. He was b. in Somerset Co., N. J., moved to Seneca co., N. Y., 
and thence to Oakland, Mich. Child: 

1090. John E. S., b. 1833 t now living in Wisconsin. 

(803) Cornelius Wyckoff, bapt. Jan. 14, 1786; d. Sept. 25, 1838; 
m. Susanna Covert. He was born in Somerset Co., N. J., and was a 
farmer. In 18 10 he went to Seneca co., N. Y., and later to White Lake, 
Mich. Children : 

109 1. Joshua; d. young. 
Garret. 

Sarah; m. James Crawford. 
Susan ; m. John Parrish. 
Caroline ; m. Lewis Garner. 
Lucy Ann ; m. Cordian Bachman. 
Adeline ; m. Henry Calkins. 

(804) Cornelius Wyckoff, b. Mar. 18, 1776; d. 1832; m. Catrina 
WyckofT. He was a farmer of Franklin twsp., Somerset co., N. J. Chil- 
dren: 

1098. William. 

1099. Peter. 

(807) John Wyckoff, b. July 24, 1783; d. 1S52; m., Feb. 14, 1822, 
Elizabeth Auten. He was a farmer of Franklin twsp., Somerset co., N. J. 
Children : 

1 100. William. 

1101. Esther Ann, b. Dec. 12, 1825; m., June 2, 1858, Moses H. 

Condict, who was b. July 22, 1823. 

1 102. John. 

1 103. Dennis. 



1092 

1093 
1094 

1095 
1096 
1097 



Notes on the Wyckoff Family 215 

1104. Theodore, b. Apr. 15, 1835; d. young. 

1 105. Theodore, b. Apr. 19, 1838. 

(809) John V. C. Wyckoff, b. May 24, 1794; d. Feb. 17, 1878; m., 
June 24, 1 8 19, Gertrude Van Pelt, who d. Apr. 3, 1847, aged 48 year?. 
He lived at Millstone, Somerset co., and was a farmer. Child : 

1 106. Johanna Maria, b. Sept. 25, 1826; d. Jan. 2, 1908; m. Lewis 

T. Howell, manufacturer and banker of New Brunswick, 
N. J., who was b. Jan. 31, 1820, and d. Jan. 3, 1900. Mr. 
Howell resided at East Millstone. 

(812) Daniel Wyckoff. Xo dates of birth, marriage or death. He 
married twice (names of wives unknown), and settled in Madison, Wis. 
Child : 

1 107. Charles, who went to California. 

(813) Charles Wyckoff; m. (1) Alletta Field, and (2) Elizabeth 
Wilkinson, who was a widow, of Newton, N. J. He was a hotel keeper, 
and ran hotels at different times in the following places : Somerville, 
White House and Bound Brook, N. J. ; North 2nd street, Philadelphia, and 
the Merchants Hotel and National Hotel in New York City. He finally 
went to Sauk City, Wis., where he kept a hotel and died of cholera. Chil- 
dren: 

1 108. Isabella; m. Toto. 

(Probably other children). 
(819) Abraham Voorhees Wyckoff; m. Jane Berrien. He was a 
mercantile salesman, and lived in New York City. Children : 

1 109. Irene E. ; m. Charles W. Yarney, of Chicago, 111. 

1 1 10. Alletta; m. George L. Putnam, and lived at 310 W. 55th 

St., New York City. 
mi. Charles S. ; unm. Farmer in Orange co., N. Y. 

1 1 12. William; unm. in 1880. Lived in Jersey City; business 

in New York City. 

(822) Alexander D. Wyckoff, b. Oct. 11, 1813; m., June 17, 1851, 
Elizabeth C. Berrien. He kept the Merchants Hotel, Cortlandt street, 
New York City. No ch. 

(823) Jacob Wyckoff, b. Sept. 1, 1818; m., June 17, 1852, Martha J. 
Rainbolt, who was b. Dec. 8, 1832. He settled on a large ranch in San 
Saba co., Texas. Children : 

1113. Liberty, b. June 2y y 1854; d. May 15, 1869. Was killed in 

a raid of the Apache Indians. 

1 1 14. William. 

1 1 15. Irwin A. 

1 1 16. Robert A. 

1 1 17. James. 



216 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

1118. Ellen. 

1 1 19. Jacob. 

1 1 20. Frank. 

' (826) Henry Wyckoff, b. May 17, 1793; d. Jan. 23, 1866; m., Sept. 
6, 1820, Eliza Ann Nicoll. He was born on Long Island, and became a 
merchant in New York, having extensive connections in both the East 
and West Indies. He was obliged to suspend payments in the panic of 
1837, but saved a competence and retired to Xewburg-on-the-Hudson, 
where he bought the magnificent estate of Governor Tompkins. Chil- 
dren : 

1 121. Elizabeth Nicoll, b. Nov. 29, 1821 ; m., Nov. 26, 1844. Wil- 

liam Edgar Le Roy, then Captain in the U. S. Navy and 
later Rear Admiral. 

1 122. Mary Lott, b. Sept. 2^, 1823; d. young. 

(827) Nicholas Wyckoff, b. Sept. 24, 1794; d. Jan. 18, 1866; m., 
Apr. 10, 1817, Ann Duryea. He resided at Newtown, L. I., where he 
owned a large farm, now covered by the settlement called Glendale. He 
died of hydrophobia from the bite of a mad dog. Children : 

1 123. Maria Lott, b. July 17, 1818; nL^ov. 20, 1846, John Lin- 

ington. 

1 124. Gitty Ann, b. Feb. 6, 1820; d. Apr. 28, 1852; m., Oct. 1, 

1850, John Drew. 

1 125. Catherine L., b. Feb. 28, 1822; m., Dec. 23, 1847, John S. 

Siney. 

1 126. John, b. Oct. 2, 1824; d. Aug. 3, 1844; unm. 

1127. Henry, b. Apr. 30, 1827; d. Aug. 16, 1849; unm. 

1 128. Eliza, b. Feb. 27, 1.829; d. Aug. 14, 1836. 

1 129. Emmeline, b. Mar. 3, 1831 ; d. Sept. 18, 1831. 

1 130. Alletta C, b. Mar. 3, 1831 ; d. June 26, 1910; m., Dec. 31, 

1867, George G. Rapalye. 

1131. Sarah Jane, b. Aug. 26, 1833; m., Oct. 20, 1853, Joseph E. 

Tompkins. Still living. 

(828) Jacob Wyckoff, b. Feb. 18, 1797; d. May 8, 1834; unm. He 
was a prominent lawyer in New York City. 

(829) Ferdinand Lott Wyckoff (grandfather of the writer), b. Mar. 
22, 1799; d. Jan. 24, 1859; m., Dec. 31, 1827, Sarah Lott. He was a 
farmer at New Lots. Kings co., N. Y., owning a part of the old estate 
purchased by his ancestor, Cornelius, in 1678. He was a man of influ- 
ence. When the town of New Lots was separated from Flatbush, he was 
its first Supervisor. Children: 

1 132. John. 

1 133. Henry Lott. 



Notes on the IVyckoff Family 217 

1134. Jacob Snediker (father of the writer). 

1135. Maria Lott, b. Oct. 14, 1837; d. Feb. 22, 1840. 

1136. Peter Lott, b. Nov. 27, 1840; d. Nov. 9, 1841. 

1 137. Ferdinand Lott. 

1 138. Sarah Suydam, b. May 26, 1846; d. July 12, 1847. 

1139. William James, b. Sept. 28, 1848; d. June 7, 1865. He was 

a student at Rutgers College, and was killed by the acci- 
dental discharge of a pistol. 

(830) William Wyckoff, b. Nov. 10, 1800; d. Oct. 26, 1878; unm. 
He was a merchant in New York, and retired from business in 1841 with 
a fortune, and lived at Newburgh, N. Y., with his brother Henry, where 
he held many positions of honor and trust. 

(831) James Van Buren Wyckoff, b. Feb. 5, 1802; d. Aug. 13, 1857; 
unm. He lived with his brother Ferdinand, and, having a competence, 
never engaged in business. He held several town offices, being the first 
town clerk of New Lots, and tax collector. 

(833) Henry Suydam Wyckoff, b. Apr. 2, 1804; d. Feb. 18, 1853; 
m., Apr. 25, 1833, Elizabeth Brinckerhoff Suydam, who was b. Mar. 18, 
1813, and d. at Rome, Italy, Dec. 24, 1898. He was engaged in business 
in New York, but retired while still young, living on his income. His resi- 
dence in New York was on the Bowling Green until the great fire. Chil- 
dren : 

1 140. Elizabeth B., b. Apr. 23, 1834; m., June 21, 1855, William 

Henry Herriman. 

1 141. Phebe, b. Oct. 11, 1835; d. Mar. 9. 1892; m., June 21, 1855, 

William Henry Tillinghast. 

1 143. Maria Ann, b. Dec. 28, 1836; m., Sept. 15, 1866, Osborn 

Edward Bright. 

1144. Catherine Hayes, b. Oct. I, 1S38; m., Oct. 7, 1858, Thomas 

Belknap. She was the mother of Henry Wyckoff Belk- 
nap, of Salem, Mass., a great authority on genealogy. 

1 145. Henry L, b. Aug. 1, 1841 ; d. Sept. 5, 1842. 

(835) Alexander Robertson Wyckoff, b. Jan. 19. 1804; d. May 14, 
1849; m -> ^P r - 3°> 1840, Mary Russell. He lived in New York City, and 
was one of the "400" of his day. He, with other young men of fashion. 
were in the habit of dining at the most fashionable hotels and restaurants. 
One day Alexander told his friends that they were paying too high a price 
for what they got at these fashionable places, and that he could show 
them how to dine even better for less money. They resolved to try, but 
soon found Alexander's dinners were more expensive than the old way. 
Nevertheless, they kept up the plan and called themselves the "Weda" 
club (i. e., Wyckoff Economical Dinner Association). This Weda club, 



218 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

started about 1825, is still in existence. The old members are all gone, but 
their sons and grandsons still keep up the organization and meet together 
for good dinners. Lately the club was preparing a history and biography 
of all its members from the beginning. Col. Delancey Kane had the matter 
in charge. Child : 

1 146. Albert. 

Note. — This completes the seventh generation, and brings the descendants of 
Cornelius Pieterse Wyckoff down to the memory of living persons 

Unless particularly desired by the readers of this magazine, I shall not bring 
down the eighth, ninth, tenth and eleventh generations, as so many of them have left 
Somerset County, and are scattered to the four quarters of the earth. 

In the next issue I shall begin with Garret (son of Peter Claesen Wijkhof ) who 
settled in Monmouth co., N. J., and yet many of whose descendants came to Somerset 
County. 

£7% (Jy» *£?9 t&M 

THE SOUTH MIDDLEBUSH GRAVEYARD 

BY JACOS WYCKOFF, MIDDLEBUSH, N. J. 
[Concluded from Page 144] 

Polhemus, Ann Voorhees (wife of Henry), d. Mar. 29, 1856, aged 35 

yrs., 6 mos., 15 dys. 
Polhemus, Dinah Ann Van Cleef (wife of Henry), d. July 24, 1879, aged 

47 yrs., 7 mos., 7 dys. 
Polhemus, Eleanor Du Bois (wife of Joseph H.), d. May 25, 1886, aged 

83 yrs., 11 mos., 18 dys. 
Polhemus, Garret, d. Dec. 20, 1837, in his 64th yr. 
Polhemus, Henry, d. Jan. 5, 1881, aged 65 yrs., 3 mos., 12 dys. 
Polhemus, Jane (consort of Garret), d. Nov. 28, 1832, in her 60th yr. 
Polhemus, Joseph H., d. Jan. 21, 1873, aged 68 yrs., 4 mos., 2 dys. 
Polhemus, Peter Gordon (son of Garret J. and Cornelia H.), d. Aug. 15, 

1868, aged 9 mos. 
Polhemus, Sarah (dau. of Joseph H. and Eleanor D.), d. Aug. 22, 1855, 

aged 22 yrs., 4 mos., 22 dys. 

Polhemus, (son of C. V. and Hannah N.), b. and d. Sept. 4, 1883. 

Probasco, Dr. John. [Unhewn stone, simply marked "1792, I. P."]. 
Smith, Ann Suydam (widow of John P.), d. Mar. 10, 1891, aged 86 yrs., 

11 mos., 24 dys. 
Smith, Idah (dau. of John P. and Ann), d. Oct. 29, 1843, a S e d n yrs., 

4 dys. 
Smith, Jacob F., d. Feb. 5, i860, aged 45 yrs., 8 mos., 18 dys. 
Smith, John P., d. Apr. 26, 1875. aged 69 yrs., 2 mos., 20 dys. 
Smith, John W. (son of Jacob F. and Sarah), d. Dec. 22, 1858, aged 15 

yrs., 1 mo., 26 dys. 
Smith, Peter Augustus (son of Jacob F. and Sarah), d. Feb. 4, 1854, 

aged 5 yrs., 2 mos., 21 dys. 
Smith, Peter Wyckoff (son of Jacob F. and Sarah), d. Sept. 10, 1842, 

aged 1 yr., 5 mos., 11 dys. 



The South Middlebush Graveyard 219 

Smith, Sarah W. Wyckoff (wife of Jacob F.), b. Sept. 30, 1816; d. July 

27, 1904- 
Snoden, Abigail Ann Wyckoff (wife of Isaac S.), b. Sept. 2, 1825; d. 

June 26, 185 1. 
Spader, A., d. 177 — . [Rough stone, marked only "177 — , A. S."]. 
Spader, J. [Rough stone, marked only "I. S."]. 
Stothoff, Catherine, d. July 19, 1784. [Flat stone marked with date and 

initials "C. S." only]. 
Stothoff, Frederick, d. Oct. 5, 1830, in his 35th yr. 
Stothoff, Garret. [Marked with initials only, "G. S."]. 
Stothoff, Henry, d. Mar. 24, 1852, in his 68th yr. 
Stothoff, Ida (wife of John), d. July 6, 1824, in her 31st yr. 
Suydam, Anna Maria (dau. of John W. and Elizabeth), d. Aug. 10, 1845, 

in her 2nd yr. 
Van Anglen, O. [Rough stone; initials gone]. 
Van Derbilt, I. 

Van Duyn, Cornelius, d. July 19, 1832, in 54th yr. 
Van Duyn, Dennis C, d. Feb. 5, 1872, aged 67 yrs., 1 mo., 25 dys. 
Van Duyn, Henry C, b. Mar. 21, 1846; d. Nov. 2, 1870. [Soldier Civil 

War, being private in Co. K., 30th Regt.]. 
Van Duyn, Nelly, d. Nov. 2, 1838, in 65th yr. 
Van Dyke, Sophia, d. Nov. 25, 181 3, aged 96 yrs., 11 mos., 2 dys. 
Van Hanglen, N., d. Sept. 3, 1780. (Stone marked only "N. H." and 

date, the initials being run together. The present name Van Anglen 

used to be Van Hanglen). 
Van Liew, Catharine Cornell (wife of Jeremiah), d. Dec. 16, 183 1, in 

71st yr. 
Van Liew, Denice, d. Oct. 17, 1777, in 48th yr. 
Van Liew, Dennis, d. Sept. 19, 181 1 in 51st yr. 
Van Liew, Dinah Duryee (widow of Dennis), d. Nov. 8, 1832, in 73rd 

Van Liew, Eidah [Wyckoff] (wife of Denice), d. Feb. 27, 1775, in 40th 

yr. 

Van Liew, Elizabeth Van Dyke (widow of Frederick), d. Jan. 25, 1844, 

aged 89 yrs., 3 mos., 7 dys. 
Van Liew, Frederick, d. Nov. 28, 1791, aged 35 yrs., 5 mos., 16 dys. 
Van Liew, Frederick F., d. Aug. 6, 1837, aged 45 yrs., 6 mos. 
Van Liew, Giertica Wyckoff (wife of Frederick), d. Feb. 13, 1802, in 

74th yr. 
Van Liew, Jeremiah, d. Jan. 10, 1832, in 85th yr. 
Van Liew, M., d. Mar. 25, 1760. [Marked with date and initials only, 

"M. V." Earliest date found in the graveyard]. 
Van Liew, Mariah, d. Aug. 22, 1833, in 70th yr. 
Van Liew, Ralph, d. Apr. 5, 1830, in 55th yr. 
Van Nest, Howard (son of John and Jane), d. Aug. 31, 1855, a g e( * I 

yr., 5 mos., 25 dys. 
Van Nostrand, Magdalen Van Liew (wife of Ralph), d. Mar. 2, 1815, 

aged 19 yrs., 5 mos., 19 dys. 
Van Pelt, Catharine Ann Veghte (dau. of Christopher Van Pelt and 

Catharine M. Veghte), d. Sept. I, 1849, a g e( l 5 mos - 



220 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Van Zandt, Sarah Emma (dau. of James N. and Elizabeth), d. May 18, 

1854, aged 6 mos., 13 dys. 
Veghte, Catharine Mariah (wife of C Van Pelt), d. Aug. 21, 1849, m 

27th yr. .[Dau. of John V. M. Wyckoff]. 
Veghte, Garret (son of Christopher V. P. and Eliza), d. Aug. 1, 1862, 

aged 8 mos., 23 dys. 
Voorhees, Abraham L, d. Aug. 16, 1848, aged 82 yrs., 6 mos., 5 dys. 
Voorhees, Alletta Wyckoff (wife of Jeremiah), d. Jan. 22, 1876, aged yy 

yrs., 9 mos., 25 dys. 
Voorhees, Ann Beekman (dau. of Peter and Mary), d. July 4, 1824, in 

22nd yr. 
Voorhees, Ellen (dau. of Garret and Matilda), d. Mar. 15, 1810, in 30th 

yr. [Brown stone, broken off, and inscription becoming unread- 
able]. 
Voorhees, Garret, d. Oct: 18, 1823, in 74th yr. [Revolutionary Soldier]. 
Voorhees, Henry, d. Nov. 13, 1832, aged 35 yrs., 6 mos., 7 dys. 
Voorhees, James Romeyn (son of John G. and Rebecca), d. Nov. 4, 

1832, aged 7 mos., 19 dys. 
Voorhees, Jeremiah, d. June 12, xS62. [Army stone; served in Co. A, 

9th N. Y. Infantry]. 
Voorhees, Jeremiah, d. Apr. 8, 1874, aged 79 yrs., 8 mos., 28 dys. 

[Soldier, 1812; served in 3rd Regt., N. J. Detailed Militia]. 
Voorhees, Johannah, d. Nov. 23, 18 17, aged 79 yrs. 
Voorhees, John Addison Van Doren (son of Jeremiah and Aletta), aged 

1 yr., 8 mos., 15 dys. 
Voorhees, John Calvin (son of John G. and Rebecca), d. Sept. 2j, 1832, 

aged 2 yrs., 6 mos., 24 dys. 
Voorhees, J. Van Derbilt, d. Sept. 16, 1826, aged 16 yrs., 2 mos., 4 dys. 
Voorhees, Letitia (wife of Abraham I.), d. Feb. 2, 1845, a § e d 7 1 > T? -> 

4 dys. 
Voorhees, Mary Boice (wife of Peter G.), d. Dec. 5, 1846, aged 86 yrs. 
Voorhees, Matilda (widow of Garret), d. Feb. 21, 1838, in 82nd yr. 
Voorhees, Nelly. [Flat stone, with initials only, "N. V." She was Neltje 

Nevius, wife of Garret Voorhees; d. in 1780]. 
Voorhees, Peter G., d. Apr. 17, 1833, aged 75 yrs. 
Voorhees, Peter R., d. Nov. 26, 1830, in 36th yr. 

Voorhees, (child of C. V. M.). [D. at birth, Spring, 1861]. 

Walter, Catharine Wetherall (wife of Jacob), d. July 13, 1821. 

W r alter, Jacob, d. Mar. 23, 1829. 

Walter, "Martha, d. June 25, 1854, in 75th yr. 

Walter, Mary, d. Nov. 2, 1858, aged 70 yrs. 

Williamson, Cornelius, d. Nov. 22, 1849, m 3 Ist ) T - 

Williamson, David, d. Apr. 18, 1849, m 73 r d yr. 

Williamson, Elizabeth, d. June 21, 1835. m 8th yr. 

Williamson, Ellen, d. Sept. 11. 1837, in 28th yr. 

Williamson, Maria (widow of David), d. June 14, 1S53, m 57*° vr - 

Wilson, James, d. Aug. 15, 1828. aged 75 yrs. [Soldier of Revolution]. 

Wyckoff, Adaline, b. Dec. 17, 1856, aged 46 yrs., 10 mos.. 13 dys. 

Wyckoff, Albert Voorhees, d. June 2, 1864, aged 19 yrs., 1 1 mos., 6 dvs. 

(Memorial monument; burial in National Cemetery. Washington. 



The South Middlcbush Graveyard 221 

Was sergeant-major of 15th Regt. X. J. Vols., and killed at battle 

of Cold Harbor, Ya. First buried at Cold Harbor, then transferred 

to National Cemetery). 
Wyckoff, Alche Van Doren (widow of Simon), d. Dec. 13, 1828, aged 

" 93 yrs., 25 dys. 
Wyckoff, Ann Walter (wife of John V. ML), d. Jan. 16, 1866, aged 71 

yrs., 11 mos., 15 dys. 
Wyckoff, Adaline, d. Dec. 17, 1856, aged 46 yrs., 10 mos., 13 dys. 
Wyckoff, Benjamin Van Doren, d. Oct. 23, 1855, aged 47 yrs., 6 mos., 8 

dys. 
Wyckoff, Cornelius I., d. June 9, 1846, in 62nd yr. 

Wyckoff, Cornelius Waldron, d. Feb. 9, 1890, aged 89 yrs., 9 mos., 3 dys. 
Wyckoff, Eleanor Outcalt (wife of Garret S.), b. Dec. 31, 1800; d. July 

18, 1863. 
Wyckoff, Elizabeth Van Ness (widow of Cornelius I.), d. Jan. 3, i860, 

aged 68 yrs., 4 mos., 15 dys. 
Wyckoff, Gardena Van Cleef (wife of Cornelius W.), d. Dec. 15, 1889, 

aged 85 yrs., 3 mos., 17 dys. 
Wyckoff, Garret S., b. May 3, 1795; d. Mar. 5, 1869. 
Wyckoff, Isaac, d. Sept. 3, 1863, aged 42 yrs., 6 mos., 1 dy. 
Wyckoff, J. [Stone only marked "I. W." Probably John, son of John 

the earliest settler, and husband of Nellie, or Jacob his brother]. 
Wyckoff, J. [Two unhewn stones, both marked "I. W." Probably John, 

the earliest settler of Middlebush, and Jacob, his brother]. 
Wyckoff, Jacob, d. Sept. 1, 1887, aged 68 yrs., 8 mos.. 12 dys. 
Wyckoff, Jacob S., d. Mar. 28, 1858, aged 82 yrs., 9 mos., 24 dys. 
Wyckoff, James Longstreet (son of Jacob and Sarah Jane), d. July 27, 

1855, aged 5 mos., 1 dy. 
Wyckoff, John Van Marter, d. June 15, 1873, a g e d 78 yrs., 2 mos., 28 dys. 
Wyckoff. Lucretia Skillman (widow of P>enjamin V. D.), d. Jan. 2"j t 

1886, aged 78 yrs., 11 mos., 18 dys. 
Wyckoff, Maria Suydam (wife of Jacob S.), d. Feb. 13, 1857, aged 85 

yrs., 4 mos., 9 dys. 
Wyckoff, Maria Van Liew (wife of Benjamin V. D.), d. Jan. 26, 1847, 

aged 39 yrs., 2 mos., 25 dys. 
Wyckoff, Mary Waldron (wife of Jacob S.), d. May 10, 1800, aged 22 

yrs., 3 mos. 
Wyckoff, N. [Unhewn stone marked only "N. W." Probably Nelly, 

daughter of Peter, first settler, who married her cousin John, the 

earliest first settler of Middlebush]. 
Wyckoff, N. [Unhewn stone, marked only "N. W." Probably Neeltje 

Schenck, wife of John Wyckoff, first settler of Middlebush]. 
Wyckoff, Peter S., d. July 22, 1840, aged 68 yrs., 6 mos. 
W'yckoff, Sarah Helena (dau. of Jacob and Sarah Jane), d. Nov. 12, 

1862, aged 3 yrs., 9 mos., 1 dy. 
Wyckoff, Sarah Jane Voorhees (wife of Jacob), d. Mar. 2, 1900, aged 

81 yrs., 4 mos., 9 dys. 
Wyckoff, Sarah Stothoff (dau. of Joseph V. D. and Ellen M.), d. Oct. 

17, 1842, aged 6 mos., 24 dys. 
Wyckoff, Simon (son of Peter and Giertie), cf. Aug. 26, 1799, in 4th yr. 



222 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Wyckoff, Simon, d. Oct. 22, 1802, in 72nd yr. 

Wyckoff, Simon .(son of Jacob and Sarah Jane), d. Sept. 10, 1843, a g e ^ 

8 mos., 12 dys. 
Wyckoff, Simon, d. April 11, 1856, aged Jj yr*., 10 mos., 25 dys. 
Wyckoff, Sophia (dau. of Benjamin V. D. and Maria), d. Apr. 30, 1843, 

aged 3 yrs., 2 mos. 
Wyckoff, Sophia Van Doren (widow of Simon), d. Feb. 20, 1871, aged 

87 yrs., 2 mos., 4 dys. 
Wyckoff, (infant dan. of Benjamin V. D. and Maria), d. Feb. 28, 

1836, aged 1 dy. 
Wyckoff, (infant son of Benjamin V. D. and Maria), d. Apr. 

19, 1843, a S ed 4 dys. 
Wyckoff, (infant dau. of Benjamin V. D. and Maria), b. and d. 

Mar. 13, 1844. 
Wyckoff, (infant son of Benjamin V. D. and Maria), d. Apr. 6, 

1845. 

Supplementary List 

Graves without stones, or with stones not marked, but names and 
locations appearing on map of the graveyard, are the following: 
Cortelyou (child of H.) [Two rough field stones head and foot of grave ; 

no name or date]. 
Cortelyou (child of H.) [Marked on map, "J* K- 1771"]. 
Cruser, Catherine. [No stone]. 

D., A. [Initials on stone worn away, but on map "A. D."]. 
French (child of John). [No stone]. 
Garretson, Nicholas. [No stone]. 

Harned, Minnie. [No stone. Infant, buried about 1872 or '/T,]- 
Neefus, Peter I. [No stone]. 

Neefus (two children of Peter I. and Jane Polhemus). [No stones]. 
Polhemus, Sarah. [No stone]. 
Rue, Mary. [No stone]. 
Slover, J. [Stone, unmarked]. 

Slover, . [Stone, unmarked]. 

Slover, . [Stone now gone]. 

Stothoff, Elsie. [Rough, flat stone, unmarked]. 

Stothoff, G. [no stone]. 

Stothoff, John. [Field stone, unmarked]. 

Snyder, Julia Ann. [No stone]. 

Suydam, Catherine (dau. of Cornelius V. N. and Elsie), b. Apr. 5, 1874; 

d. July 17, 1875. [No stone]. 
Van Derbilt, I. [No stone]. 
Van Derbilt, Ida. [No stone]. 
Van Duyn, Letty Van Doren (widow of Dennis C), b. Oct. 18, 1806; 

d. Oct. 6, 1895. [No stone]. 
Van Nortwick, H. [No stone]. 

Van Zandt, Elizabeth (wife of James N.) [No stone]. 
Van Zandt, James N. [No stone]. 
Voorhees, Garret. [No stone]. 
Voorhees, John. [No stone]. 



Somerset County Marriages — 1/93-1879 223 

Voorhees, Mrs. L. Wheeler. [No stone]. 

Voorhees, Mary. [Xo stone; d. Sept. 1, 1863]. 

Voorhees, William H. .[No stone; d. in Civil War]. 

Williamson (child of D.). [No stone]. 

Wyckoff, Elizabeth. [No stone]. 

Wyckoff, John C. [No stone]. 

Wyckoff. [Five very old Wyckoff graves; no stones]. 

Wyckoff. [Three graves, two with stones gone and one badly crumbled. 
Almost certainly those of Peter Wyckoff, one of the first settlers 
of Middlebush, and his two wives, Elizabeth Van Pelt and Ger- 
trude Romeyn]. 

«<5* <£* ^* v* 

SOMERSET COUNTY MARRIAGES— 1795-1879 

[Continued from Page 151] 

Recorded in Clerk's Office — Letters J and K 

Letter J. Continued 

Jackson, Joseph and Mary Elizabeth Vail, July 3, 1862 (Rodgers). 
Jackson, Morris and Elmira Mclntyre, Jan. 15, 1855 (Gardner). 
Jackson, Richard and Phebe Brokaw, Oct. 13, 1846 (Gardner). 
Jackson, Samuel and Hennetta Williams (colored), Oct. 9, 1872 (Mes- 
sier). 
Jackson, Thomas and Agnes Magee, Dec. 27, 1862 (Clark). 
Jacob and Jane, Oct. 17, 1818 (Galpin). 

Jacob, Wilhelm and Mary Christine Brenn, Nov. 11, 1861 (Neef). 
Jagger, Benedict and Cataline Stansbury, Jan. 18, 1834 (Zabriskie). 
Jalovette, Henry and Elizabeth Cozjine, July 14, 1849 (Ballard). 
James and Dianna, Feb. 2^, 1828 (Van Kleek). 

James, and Mariah Fulkerson, Dec. 30, 1826 (Hindshaw). 

James, Samuel C. and Catharine R. Hubbard, Apr. 7, 1862 (Rodgers). 
Jaques, Charles B. and Kate L. Deforrest, July 29, 1862 (Daniels). 
Jaques, Charles B. and Catharine L. Deforest, March 26, 1863 (Messier). 
Jaquis, David and Phebe Townley, June 30, 18 18 (Riggs). 
Jaycox, David K. and Sarah E. Hathaway, Feb. 16, 1867 (Gesner). 
Jeaknis, Alfred and Eliza E. Lonati, May 14, 186S (Rodgers). 
Jeffery, David Herbert and Mary C Tallman, Apr. 3, 1877 (Doolittle). 
JellirY, James and Elenora Van Doren, Nov. 16, 1853 (Campbell). 
JellifT, Taylor and Catharine A. Lewis, May 22, 1850 (English). 
Jelliffe, Royal and Mary J. Hardcastle, June 27, 1869 (Mesick). 
Jellows, Whiting A. and Susan E. Dodson, March 12, 1862 (Morse). 
Jenkins, Benjamin and Eliza Simms, Aug. 9, 1818 (Boggs). 
Jenkins, Frederick N. and Jane Field Vescelius, Jan. 17, 1877 (Blauvelt). 
Jenkins, James and Carissa Blakman, Dec. 21, 1820 (Brownlee). 
Jenkins, James and Ann M. Martin, Oct. 2, 1845 (Chambers). 
Jenkins, William and Martha Taylor, Feb. 16, 181 7 (Fonde). 
Jenner, Phillip and Catherine A. Martin, March 3, 1872 (Dutcher). 
Jennings, Benjamin and Rachel Bishops, May 9, 182 1 (Watson). 
Jennings, Benjamin and Sarah Drake, Aug. 25, 1824 (Watson). 



224 



Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



Jennings, Benjamin and Mary Coon, March 8, 1846 (Cox). 
Jennings, Henry and Hannah Osburn, July 26, 1864 (Romeyn;. 
Jennings, Henry, Jr., and Annie Peterson, Oct. 20, 1866 (Ludlow). 
Jennings, Jacob and Margaret Coalther, Dec. 27, 1821 (Watson). 
Jennings, Robert and Hannah Van Doren, July 16, 1856 (Romeyn). 
Jennings, Samuel and Fanny Pearson, July 31, 1828 (Cox). 
Jerolaman, William Wallace and Catherine Ella Martin, July 3, 1874 

(Dutcher). 
Jeroleman, Jeffrey and Julia Brown, April — , 1829 (Blauvelt). 
Jeroleman, Jeremiah and Catharine Whitenack, Feb. 9, 1825 (Zabriskie). 
Jeroloman, Daniel and Mary Sutton, August 19, 1815 (Galpin). 
Jeroleman, Thomas and Catharine Shangle, Oct. — , 1829 (Blauvelt). 
Jeroloman, Richard and Mary Brinkerhoof, Sept. 13, 184 1 (Schenck). 
Jewell, Alexander and Jane Voorhees, March 27, 1872 (Pitcher). 
Jewell, George and Sarah Penny, March 21, 1831 (Cole). 
Jewell, Theodore and Eleanor Craig, Oct. 8, 1870 (Messier). 
Jewell, Theodore A. and Ann C. Annin, March 27, 1858 (Mesick). 
Jewell, William and Grace Veghte, June 14, 1855 (Mesick). 
Johnson, Charles and xA.bigal Johnson, Nov. 1, 1834 (Rodgers). 
Johnson, George and Esther Sharp, Oct. 12, 1837 (Blauvelt). 
Johnson, Flenry and Jane Proome, July 30, 1806 (Studdiford). 
Johnson, Henry and Ellen Jane Hall, Nov. 12, 1853 (Ludlow). 
Johnson, Henry and Martha Jane Blazier, Jan. 27, 1877 ( Wambaugh). 
Johnson, Isaac and Margaret Prine, March 19, 1810 (Studdiford). 
Johnson, Jacob J. and Maria W. Schomp, Sept. 29, 1852 (Dater). 
Johnson, Jacob W. and Mary E. Todd, Jan. 4, 1871 (Pool). 
Johnson, James and Judeth Dumon, Sept. 18, 1821 (Boggs). 
Johnson, John and Hannah Anderson, Feb. 3, 1811 (Vredenburgh). 
Johnson, John and Margaret Dow, Oct. 17, 1818 (Galpin). 
Johnson, John and Catharine Tunison, Dec. 25, 1841 (Schenck). 
Johnson, John and Lena Skillman. March 13, 1872 (Rodgers). 
Johnson, John Trebble and Mary Newman, March 12, 1877 (Phelps). 
Johnson, Lawrence S. and Jane Hoagland, Sept. 29, 1855 (Ludlow). 
Johnson, Martin and Ellen Yeghte, Sept. 19, 1849 (Sears). 
Johnson, Martin and Sarah E. Wyckoff, Dec. 28, 1865 (Voorhees). 
Johnson, Newton and Josephine Reed, Oct. 17, 1868 (LeFevre). 
Johnson, Oliver and Caroline Van Houten, Feb. 22, 1873 (Oliver). 
Johnson, Peter and Lucretia Rowland, Dec. 26. 1877 (Hart). 
Johnson, Peter D. and Julia Ann Johnson, Sept. 13, 1858 (Van Doren). 
Johnson, Peter D. and Elizabeth Snyder, Nov. 18, 1874 (Oliver). 
Johnson, Porter C. and M. Fannie Voorhees, Dec. 23, 1863 (Voorhees). 
Johnson, Robert and Catherine Brokaw, Oct. 12. 1848 (Rodgers). 
Johnson, Samuel and Catharine Voorhees, Sept. 13, 1S35 (Blauvelt). 
Johnson, Thomas and Ellen Whitenack, Oct. 15, 1818 (Zabriskie). 
Johnson, Thomas and Katie King (colored), March 14, 1878 (Eaton). 
Johnson, Tunis T. and Effie Alpack, Oct. 10, 1835 (Blauvelt). 
Johnson, Wadsworth and Mary Nevin, Aug. 2, 1876 (Boswell). 
Johnson, William and Sarah Henth, Dec. 31, 1815 ( Zabriskie V 
Johnson, William and Margaret Blackwell, July 25, 1833 (Wilson). 
Johnson, W r illiam and Anna Maria Updike, Nov. 4, 1837 (Rice). 



Somerset County Marriages — j"/(^j-i8jg 



225 



Johnson, William and Dilsey Reed, Aug. 7, 1873 (Roberts). 

Johnson, William James and Martha Ann Hardgrove, Apr. 20, 1868 

(Rowland). 
Johnston, Alexander and Mary Ann Jaquis, May 1, 1830 (Blauvelt). 
Johnston, Henry and Mariah Ditmars, Nov. 2, 1850 (Campbell). 
Johnston, James and Mary Jane Lant, Dec. 30, 1848 (Brown). 
Johnston, John and Phebe A. Hankinson, June 10, 1848 (Campbell;. 
Jones, Abraham P. and Elizabeth N. Conkling, Oct. 10, 1839 (Harris). 
Jones, Benjamin and Sarah Harriet, Dec. 15, 1824 (Fisher). 
Jones, Ebenezer and Caty Robertson, Dec. 30, 1801 (Schureman). 
Jones, George S. and Ellen Blanche Needham, Jan. 10, 1868 (Rowland). 
Jones, Henry and Catharine Blessington, Aug. 18, 1855 (Black). 
Jones, Henry W. F. and Laura M. Van Arsdalen, Oct. 1, 1851 (Van 

Doren). 
Jones, James and Mary Hargrove, June 14, 1855 (Black). 
Jones, James and Isabella Eccler, Apr. 10, 1858 (Rodgers). 
Jones, James L. and Mary Cooper, April 5, 1829 (Van Kleek). 
Jones, John and Sarah Whitehead, June 17, 1825 (Fisher). 
Jones, Whitefield and Sarah Voorhees, Jan. 20, 1869 (Messier). 
Jones, William and Elizabeth Applemau, July 7, 181 1 (Finley). 
Jones, William and Judith Dougherty, Dec. 6, 1834 (Cox). 
Joseph and Dinah, Aug. 23, 1828 (Van Kleek). 
Judd, Gideon and Catharine Frelinghuysen, May 18, 1818 (Vredenburgh). 

burgh). 
Julius, Theodore and Joanna Van Nest, Feb. 18, 1854 (Rodgers). 

Letter K 

Kadell, Philip and Eva Zoowada, June 19, 1859 (Neef). 
Kain, Aaron and Elizabeth Mulliner, Oct. 28, 1815 (Hardenbergh). 
Kaizorousky, Lewis and Sarah J. Troutman, Jan. 5, 1870 (Messier). 
Kalt, William and Henrietta Kluth, June 30, 1872 (LeFevre). 
Kane, James H. and Elizabeth Fluff, Dec. 13, 1854 (Messier). 
Kane, James H. and Eleanor W r insor, Oct. 29, 1867 (Messier). 
Karsammer, John and Angel Standenmaior, Jan. 10, 1853 (Craven). 
Kealye, Thomas G. and Sarah Spencer, Nov. 2^, 1862 (Coddington). 
Keeder, Calvin and Anna Dowe, July 29, 1806 (Schureman). 
Keefe, John and Annie D. Bellis, Jan. 27, 1877 (Clark). 
Keeler, Stephen and Ann C. Voorhees, April 2, 1857 (Mesick). 
Keepsey, Adam and Catharine Perrine, Jan. 8, 1821 (Voorhees). 
Keidling, Henry and Mary Hughs, July 3, 1861 (Messier). 
Keipsey, John and Henrietta Hodge, Dec. 18, 1850 (Rodgers). 
Keiser, Adam P. and Lydia A. Hincr, Jan. 15, 1858 (Rankin). 
Kelley, Frank P. and Joanna E. Todd, June 28, 1877 (MorTets). 
Kelley, Patrick and Elizabeth Abro, April 3. 1843 (Cox). 
Kelly, Charles and Cornelia Golbray, Dec. 19, 1787 (Studdiford). 
Kelly, John and Francis Miller, Feb. 7, 1848 (Cammann). 
Kelly, Nathaniel P. and Mary G. West, Nov. 12, 1845 (Ludlow). 
Kemble, George and Caroline Asbell, June 7, 1852 (Rowland). 
Kemblc, John and Caroline Heath, Feb. 7, 1824 (Zabriskie). 
Kempton, John and Mary Runyon, Nov. 20, 181 5 (Fonde) t: 
15 



226 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Kenard, Joseph H. and Beulah E. Cox, June 28, 1822 (Dodge). 
Kennan, Thomas and Irena Roynon, Feb. 15, 1802 (Finley). 
Kennedy, Aaron and Lavina Maley, Xov. 25, 1854 (Gardiner). 
Kennedy, Joseph and Isabel Gattin, April — , 1829 (Blauvelt). 
Kennedy, Joseph and Eliza Stryker, Jan. 1, 1867 (Gesner). 
Kent, Daniel and Elizabeth Mnlliner, May 14, 1846 (Campbell). 
Kent, Ruliff K. and Deborah Warren, Sept. 25, 1852 (Campbell). 
Kerr, Enoch and Sarah Stryker, Jan. 15, 1848 (Ludlow). 
Kershaw, Abraham and Rebecca Gano, Oct. 13, 1836 (Schenck). 
Kershaw, George and Jane Voorhees, Feb. 4, 1845 (Gardner). 
Kershaw, George and Sarah Hartongh, Nov. 13, 1850 (Romeyn). 
Kershaw, John D. and Catharine Elizabeth Totten, Jan. 18, 1854 (Van 

Doren ) . 
Kershaw, Peter and Catharine Ammerman, May 8, 1844 (Campbell). 
Kettch, William I. and Annie E. Walton, March I, 1877 (Jamison ). 
Kettle, Thomas and Julia T. Bruffs, Jan. 2, 1869 (LeFevre). 
Keyser, Edmund and Jennie B. Stryker, Dec. 13, 187 1 (Dutcher). 
Kibbe, O. A. and Catharine Stryker, Sept. 5, 1853 (Romeyn). 
Kilpatrick, William and Mary Herbert, Jan. 20, 1875 (Dutcher). 
Kincried, William and Mary Gamble, Xov. 21, 1869 (Mesick). 
Kinds, John and Mahalah All wood, Oct. 2^, 1839 (Cox). 
King, Abraham and Mary Cornell, Sept. II, 1824 (Watson). 
King, Abraham T. and Abigal Tunison, Feb. 18, 1829 (Fisher). 
King, Adrian V. and Julia Ann Heath, March 17, 1867 (Carmichael). 
King, Colerton and Catharine Kennedy, Feb. 12, 183 1 (Fisher). 
King, Daniel and Eliza Ellen White, April 4, 1863 (Rankin). 
King, David and Margaret Webster, Sept. 16, 1819 (Hardenbergh). 
King, David and Fanny Powelson, Oct. 12, 1833 (Fisher). 
King, George and Helena Goltry. Aug. 30, 1810 (Hardenbergh). 
King, Henry A. and Adaline V. Smith. Oct. 14, 1857 (Van Doren). 
King, James and Margaret Wyckoff, Jan. 18, 1845 (Campbell). 
King, James and Phebe E. Van Liew, Xov. 19, 1850 (English). 
King, John and Joannah Barcalow. Sept. 22, 1822 (Zabriskie). 
King, John and Eliza Kirkpatrick, Feb. 26, 1823 (Brownlee). 
King, John and Mary L. Martin, Jan. 12, 1848 (Rodgers). 
King, John FI. and Maria Buhner, Aug. 9, 1876 (Jackson). 
King, Joseph T. and Clarrissa Dilley, March 27,. 1863 (Rankin). 
King, Lucien E. and Sarah Skillman, May 11, 1853 (Sears). 
Kimsey, John and Sally Lewis, Feb. u, 181 i (Finley). 
Kinney, Albert and Hannah Anderson, Dec. 4, 1803 (Studdiford). 
Kinney, John and Elenor W. Campbell, June 11. 1850 (Messier). 
,> Kinyon, Charles S. and Maggie M. Runvon. Sept. 15, 1869 (LeFevre). 
Kiple, John S. and Maggie^McAllister. April 4, 1868 (Mesick). 

Kipp, George and Ellen Van Liew (Colored) (Baldwin). 

Kipp, Xicholas G. and Sarah A. Ten Eyck, Oct. 17, 1876 (Pool). 
Kipp, William and Susan Whitenack, Oct. 15, 1S03 (Finley). 
Kipp, William H. and Mary Ann Fine, March 2S, 1833 (Brown). 
Kipsey, James P. and Catharine Brown, Xov. 16, 1S62 (Clark). 
Kirch, George D. and Louisa Bohl, Jan. 13, 1875 (Messier). 
Kirk, James and Kate Bolger, Dec. 19, 1874 (Bush, Justice). 



Somerset County Marriages — 1795-18/9 



227 



Kirkpatrick, Jacob and Sarah C. Van Liew, April 21, 1853 (Van Doren). 
Kirkpatrick, James and Auletta V. Van Arsdalcn, Oct. 30, 1833 (Fisher). 
Kirkpatrick, Jarties and Alary Stout, July 20, 1844 (Harris). 

Kirkpatrick, Prince and Sarah , Sept. 24, 1836 (Cox). 

Kise, Bloomfield and Mahala Daugherty, July 28, 1855 (Carrell). 
Kise, Frederick and Harriet Cramer, Dec. 31, 1857 (Carrell). 
Kise, Hiram and Eliza Graham, June 6, 1840 (Talmage). 
Kitchen, David S. and Mary J. Harris, Dec. 7, 1865 (Messier). 
Kitchen, John and Susan Kline, June 3, 1865 (Mesick). 
Kitchen, Samuel and Elenor Hull, Oct. 30, 185 1 (Yard). 
Kitchen, Sylvester R. and Carrie WyckofT, March 11, 1876 (Pool). 
Kitkeir, William B. and Catharine Beekman, Dec. 2 1858 (Lord). 
Klickener, Peter and Mary Brown, Sept. 11, 1873 (Mesick). 
Klickenger, Augustus and Sarah A. Gillipsie, July 8, 1865 ( Rankin). 
Kline, Henry L. and Leah C. Safer, Sept. 14, 1876 (Jackson). 
Kline, Jacob and Betsy Annon, Sept. 30, 1817 (Hardenbergh ). 
Kline, Jacob and Catharine Conover, Nov. 8, 1832 (Fisher). 
Kline, John and Mary L. Somerset, Dec. 16, 1866 (Doolittle). 
Kline, Jacob, Jr., and Beiia b. Van Arsdale, Feb. 6, 1878 (Baldwin). 
Kline, John and Doratha Garretson, Oct. 13, 1819 ( Vredenburgh). 
Kline, John and Alletta Jackson, July 16, 1842 (Blauvelt). 
Kline, Peter L. and Jane E. Little, Oct. 9, 1872 (Doolittle). 
Kline, Samuel and Lydia Ann Voorhees, Aug. 7, 1859 (Doolittle). 
Kline, Simon and Matilda Ten Eyck, Feb. 21, 1874 (Messier). 
Kline, William and Mary E. Johnson, March 19, 1874 (Roberts). 
Klotz, Abraham and Mary E. Sanders, Dec. 23, 1863 (Voorhees). 
Kneass, Christian and Mary Perrine Allison, Jan. 8. 1868 (Mesick). 
Knight, Abigel and Margaret Hellebrant, Nov. 4, 1843 (Blauvelt). 
Knight, John and Jane Wyckoff, Nov. 15, 1795 (Harlingen). 
Knowles, David G. and Annie E. Pullin, Aug. 30, 1862 (Callen). 
Knowles, Henderson W. and Catharine Traynor, Nov. 10, 1859 (Searle). 
Kriman, Lewis and Jane Morgan, Oct. 20, 1801 (Finley). 
Krins, William and Alary Coyle, Jan. 26. 1876 { Sutphen, Justice). 
Krusen, James M. and Mary Burnett, Oct. 20, 184 1 (Messier). 
Krymer, George and Margaret Eversal, April 15, 1868 (Doolittle)... 
Krymer, John P. and Margaret Van Derveer, Oct. 24, 1861 (Doolittle). 
Krymer, Morris and Margaret McBride, Dec. 19, 1852 (Brush). 
Krymer, W'illiam and Catharine F. Perine, April 16, 1864 (?). 
Kuhl, Edward and Dinah Beekman, March 19. 1834 (Ludlow). 
Kumbel, William and Eliza Hodge, Aug. 16, 18 14 (Cross). 
Kupple, John and Ad die Voorhees, Oct. 27, i860 (Pitcher). 
Kurtz, David and Mary H. Hastings, Jan. 18, 1864 (Parsons). 
Kuwood, Dr. Abraham and Betsy Sloan, Dec. 12, 1807 (Finley). 

[To be Continued] 



228 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

FIRST REFORMED CHURCH, RARITAN (SOMERVILLE) BAPTISMS 

TRANSLATED AND COMPARED WITH ORIGINAL RECORDS 
[Continued from Page 150] 

I8l8. 
Jan. 1. Vroom, Peter H. and Ellen Ten Eyck — Tunis Lane. 

Decamp, Benjamin and Dinah Hardenbergh — Samuel Swan. 
11. V.Pelt, Mat'w T. and Maria Bennet — Peter. 
18. Garretson, James and Catherine Wortman — Martha Veighte. 
23. Beakman, Jacob and Sarah Garretson — Ellen. 
Feb. 8. Cammel [Campbell] Ellis (unbap.) and Abby Beach — Antrim. 
Mar. 8. Rocke fellow, Christopher (unbap.) and Mary Vosseller — 
Hannah Elizabeth. 
Terhune, Rulif and Sarah Van Doren — Sarah Nevius. 
15. Smith, Benjamin and Ann Brokaw — Abigail Ann. 
Apr. 12. V.Arsdalen, Hendrick and Maria V.Pelt — Catherine Ten 

Eyck. 
May 3. Cooper, Isaac and Magdaleen Whitehead — Isaac. 
Van Doren, Jacob and Peternella Vegfcttfr — Sophia. 
9. Banester, William and Sarah Brokaw — Matilda. 
Taylor, James (adult). 
Gamber, Petronella Veghte (adult). 
June 7. Brokaw, John (unbap.) and Hannah Brokaw — John Lowrance 
(b. Feb. 10, 1818). 
Cooper, Cor's and Mary Morris — Sarah Gilmor. 
V.Doren, Abraham and Dorcas Striker — Maria. 
14. Runyan, Richard and Catherine Churchwood (unbap.) — John. 
Foster, James and Martha Hoagland — Nathaniel. 
Schenk, John I. and Sarah G. V.Neste-~Phebee Staats. 
Powelson, Hendrick, Jr., and Fanny N. Layton — Mary Wort- 
man. 
V.Dervere, Ferdinand and Maria Elmendorf — Elizabeth May. 
Tunison, Mathis T. E. and Eliza Hall — Elen. 
V.Tine, Archabold and Elizabeth Cosner — John Cosner. 
Webster, William (unbap.) and Amy Mount — Samuel. 
V.Dervere, Tunis and Sarah V.Arsdalen — Margaret (b. Aug. 

8, 1818). 
Wintersteen, James and Maria Cosner — Catherine Sarah. 
Beakman, Cornelius and Elizabeth Tod — Cornelius Ten 
Brook. 
II. Cubberly, Isaac and Susan V.Nostrand — Catherine Van 
Winkle. 
V.Nuys, John and Mattje Brokaw — James. 
Garretson, John and Jane Hagaman — Peter. 
Jane, servant woman of Dr. Peter I. Striker. 
Smith, John and Mary Brokaw — [No child's name"]. 
Frelinghuysen, John and Elizabeth V. Veghten — Frederick. 
Voorhees, James and Sarah V.Arsdalen — John Dumon. 
Gaddis, Andrew and Margaret Bergen — Kitty. 
Vredenburgh, Dr. Peter and Maria V.Doren — LaRue Perrine. 



July 


21. 

5- 


Aug. 


2. 




28. 


Sept. 


6. 


Oct. 


27. 

4 



Nov. 


17. 
24. 

15 


Dec. 


i3« 




20. 



• 



First Reformed Church, Raritan (Somervillc) Baptisms 229 

1819. 
Jan. 24. V. Dyke, John and Mary Gano — Cornelius. 
Feb. 28. Polhemus, Peter and Catherine Van Arsdalen — Martha. 
Tunison, Cornelius and Judith Ten Eyck — Sarah. 
V. Middleswcrt, Andrew and Ann Waldron — John. 
Cox, Robert (unbap.) and Magdaleen V. Middelswert — Tunis 
V. Middleswert. 
Mar. 7. Brokaw, Bergun I. and Sietie Ditmas — Mattje Ann. 

Brokaw, Brogun I. and Maria Peterson — Ellen Yoorhees. 
28. Vroom, William and Maria Porter — Ann Nevius. 
Apr. 11. Hedges, William and Mary Eove — Charles Hardenbergh. 

Nicoll, Abimael Y. and Caroline Ledbetter — Francis Edwards. 

18. V. Arsdalen, Peter and Maria V. Middleswerts — Heny. 

25. V. Middleswert, Tunis and Elenor Wyckoff — John. 
May 22. Ten Eyck, Cornelius and Ann Ten Eyck — Abraham. 
June 5. Striker, Dennis and Margaret Stevens — Abraham Quick. 

Vroom, Peter D., Jr. and Ann Dumont — Peter Dumont. 
Ninemaster, John and Phcbce Smith — Jane. 
V. Neste, John G. and Sarah Wortman — Ann Field. 
Morris, Jonathan Ford (adult). 
Mount, Effy (adult). 
13. Hoagland, Cornelius and Elenor Voorhees — John (b. May 18, 

1819). 
2J. Voorhees, John and Elenor Thompson — Jane Ann. 
Veghte, Henry and Elizabeth Taylor — John. 
Clarkson, Phillip (unbap.) and Sarah Powelson — Isaac Voor- 
hees. 
July 4. Covert, Tunis and Dina Fisher — William McDonald McKis- 

ack. 
Aug. 12. V. Dever, Cornelius and Ann Brokaw — Catheran Sarah. 
Aug. 29. Hoagland, William and Sarah Vroom — Elizabeth Vroom. 
Sept. 19. Bergen, Zackeus and Maria Simonson — Elizabeth Striker. 
Oct. 3. V. Dervere, Joseph and Marvann Tunison — John Striker. 

Vredenburgh, John S. and Sarah Caldwell — Catherine Veghte. 
10. Talmage, David and Catherine V. Nest — John Van Xest. 
Brokaw, Caleb I. and Mary French — Jane Rapleyea. 

15. . and Catherine V. Arsdalen — Maryann. 

24. V. Doren, Abraham and Margaret V. Arsdalen — Jacob. 

Voorhees, Nicolas and Sarah Dumon — John Vredenburgh. 
Nov. 21. Miller, John and Rebecca Williamson — Dickinson. 
Dec. 5. Norris, William P. (unbap.) and Margaret S. W r inans — Ed- 
ward Young. 
1820. 
Jan. 9. Simonson, Dennis and Gertrude Cock — Garret. 

30. Brokaw, Peter E. and Sarah Brokaw — Peter Suydam. 
Feb. 6. Beekman, Martin and Maria Powelson — Charles Hardenberg. 

Huff, Brogun and Elizabeth Comeback — John. 
Mar. 5. Mann, William and Elizabeth McCalla — Robert Kenneday. 

19. Vroom, Peter and Elenor Ten Eyck — Jacob. 

26. Powelson, Henry, Jr., and Fanny Layton — Anthony Layton. 



230 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Tunison, Matthias T. E. and Eliza Hall — Mary Swan. 
V. Nest, Rinier and Ann Brokaw — John. 
Apr. 16. V. Dervere, Ferdinand and Maria Elmandorf — Renseler Wil- 
liams. 
Garretson, John and Jane Hagaman — Peter I. Striker. 
May 14. Garretson, James and Catherine Wortman — Peter Wortman. 
21. Betty (servant woman of Peter Davis). 

Saur (?) (servant woman of widow of Peter Davis, Jr.) 
28. V. Doren, Jacob and Petronella Veghte — John T. Boyd. 
Whitehead, Jacob and Elizabeth Vosselle — Mary Martin. 
Cooper, Isaac and Rulano Whitehead — Sarah Brokaw, (b. 
May 3, 1820). 
June 4. Voorhees, Abraham and Elizabeth Simonson — James. 
V. Arsdalen, Henry and Maria V. Pelt — Sarah Ann. 
18. Schenk, John I. and Sarah V. Neste — Elizabeth Yroom. 
July 2. Ten Eyck, Richard and Jane Tod — Ann Field. 
Aug. 6. Nesbit, Joseph and Maria Woodruff — Samuel Woodruff. 

20. Cooper, Abraham and Jane Rinierson (unbap.) — Cornelia 
King. 
Sept. 3. Wyckoff, Samuel and Abigail Bain-bridge — Garret. 

Todd, John and Ann Cosner — James Henry Harrison. 

17. Brokaw, Jack (unbap.) and Hannah Rebecca Ann. 

24. V. Arsdalen, Peter E. and Maria V. Middleswart — Sarah 

Dumon. 
Oct 21. Hartwell, Thomas A. (an adult). 

Isabel (servant woman of Richard Ten Eyck). 
Nov. 5. V. Dervere, Tunis and Sarah V. Arsdalen — Abraham Quick, 
(b. Sept. 25, 1820). 
Beakman, Cornelius and Elizabeth Todd — Cornelia Ann. 
W r hiteknegt, Cornelius and Sarah V. Nostrand— Mary. 
Dec. 3. Brokaw, Isaac I. and Maria V. Nest — Gertrude Staats. 

7. Hartwell. Thomas A. and Elizabeth Swan — Aletta DeGroot. 
Griffith, William R. and Ann Maria W. Howel — John. 
31. Rockefellow, Christopher (unbap.) and Mary Yosseller — Goin 
Talmage. 
1821. 
Jan. 21. Bergen, James, Jr., and Phebe Peterson — Garret Peterson. 
Mar. 11. V. Tine, Archabald and Elizabeth Cosner — Thomas Hartwell. 

18. Welling, John and Ann Wortman — Elsyann. 

Gaston, William B. and Eliza Kirkpatrick — Fredirich Frel- 

inghuysen, (b. Jan. 5, 1821). 
Smith. John and Mary Brokaw — Peter Brokaw. 
Smith, Benjamin and Ann Brokaw — Aaron Van Atta. 
Morris. Win. P. (unbap.) and Margaret S. Winans — Jane 

Ewen. 

25. Polhemus, Peter and Catherine V. Arsdalen — Daniel. 
Apr. 1. Cubberly, Isaac and Susan V. Nostrand — Hannah Jane. 

15. Rinearson, Abm. T. (unbap.) and Phebe Parish — Ann Eliza 
V. Arsdalen, (b. Dec. 28, 1820). 
May 6. V. Dervere, Ferdinand and Maria Elmandorf — Ellen Ten Eyck. 





18. 




27. 


June 


10. 




17. 


July 

Aug. 
Aug. 


27. 

1. 

29. 

12. 

12. 




19. 



Readington Church Baptisms from IJ20 231 

13. Brokaw, John I. and Phebee Herriot — Catherine Mary. 

Smock, Aaron and Elen Farley — Theodore Romain, (b. Aug. 

28, 1818), and Augustus Frederick, (b. Feb. 15. 1820 ). 
Tone (servant man of Christopher V. Arsdalen). 
Quick, Abraham and Maria V. Dervere — John V. Dervere. 
Cox, Robt. (unbap.) and Magdalen A'. Middleswert — Sarah. 
Wintcrsteen, James and Mary Cosner — Daniel Young. 
Vroom, William and Maria Porter— Jonathan Ellis. 
V. Nuys, John J. and Mattje Brokaw — Peter Quick. 
Burniston, William and Sarah Brokaw — Maria Elizabeth. 
Hart, James and Maria Brokaw — Petronella Gambler. 
Foster, James and Martha Hoagland — James. 
Vredenburgh, Peter and Maria V. Doren — Aletta Sutfin. 
Hedges, William and Mary Eoff — Samuel, (b. June 23, i82r). 
V. Middleswert, Tunis V. and Elenor Wyckoff — Peter 

Wyckoff. 

Decamp, Benjan. (unbap.) and Dinah Hardenberg — Frederick 
Hardenberg. 
26. Voorhees, John and Elenor Thompson — Margaret. 

Gaddis, Andrew and Margaret Bergen — Martha Bergen. 
Sept. 9. V. Middleswert, Andrew and Ann Waldron — Ann Quick. 

*— Runyan, Richard and Catherine Churchwood (unbap.) — Eliza. 
Oct. 4. Decease of Rev. John S. Vredenbergh. 

20. Vanderveer, Joseph and Maryann Tunison — Susan. 
Beekman, Martin and Maria Beekman — Cornelius. 
Eve (black woman belonging to Chris'r V. Arsdale). 
Betsy (black woman belonging to Dr. Garret Tunison). 

21. Stryker, Abraham and wife (unbap.) — John Fouratte. 
Dec. 2. Brokaw, Bergun I. and Maria Peterson — Sarah Brocaw. 

Taylor, James and Catharine Whitenack — John Whitenack. 
[To be Continued] 

^7* ^5* ^* $7* 

READINGTON CHURCH BAPTISMS FROM 1720 

TRANSLATED BY THE PASTOR, REV. B. V. D. WYCKOFF 
[Continued from Page 147] 
1766. 
Jan. 5. Demon, Peter and Adreyana — Jories. 

Meinders, Williem and Catrena — Samuel. 
Feb. 23. Auten, Jan and Elisebet — Corneleus. 

Willemse, Jores and Kascya — Mariya. 

Janse, Abraham and Elisebet — Elesebet / 

Mar. 16. Green, John and Elisebet — Mary. 

, and Mary Yastbendcr — Margret. 

Stout, Thomas and Jannethe — Catrena. 

Bretten, Richert and Eva — Richert. 
31. Hoff, Jan and Catrena — Rebecka. 

Wortman, Peter and Sara — Petres. 

Sebring, Dirck and Lana — Jan. 



232 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Apr. 20. Vanarsdalen, Hendrick and Catlina — Mariya. 

Neul, Peter and Derickye — Hana. 
May 18. Demott, Jacob and Nelle — Mariya. 

M'Kinne, Martegai and Angenetie — Angenetie. 

Janse, Peter and Anatie — Peter. 

Bogert, Marten and Mariya — Marten. 

Aten, Adreyaen and Elesebet — Jaepye. 
[To be Continued] 

<e* -<5» «£• <£* 

HISTORICAL NOTES AND C0M1CENTS 

BY THE EDITOR 

The SomerviUe Improvement Association 

When the full history of SomerviUe comes to be written there should 
not be omitted some account of the SomerviUe Improvement Associa- 
tion, which was organized October 20, 1885, in the chapel of the Second 
Reformed church of that place, after a stirring address by B. S. Xorthrup, 
LL.D., of Connecticut. The Association lasted only a little over three 
years, but accomplished more than is generally known. Its first President 
was the late Joseph W. Ballantine, who was succeeded by Hon. James J. 
Bergen. The minutes of the meetings show that the clergymen and other 
leading men and also women of the town were members, and that the 
following matters were proposed as town improvements : The introduc- 
tion of water and sewerage; the macadamizing of Main street and Rail- 
road avenue ; the establishment of a public drinking fountain ; improve- 
ments as to the Lottery Field property, including, if possible, the establish- 
ment of a public park ; the bettering of the side-w T alks ; pressure to bear 
upon the Central Railroad to build a new depot, and remove the north 
track to the south side of such new station ; a railway from Peapack to 
• South SomerviUe to connect with the Lehigh Valley, etc. Many of these 
improvements were brought to pass either during the life of the Associa- 
tion or very shortly after it, which proves what can be done in a com- 
munity when influential persons get together and aim to accomplish things. 

The Inscription on Judge Bryan's Tomb 

In the editorial article in the last Quarterly (p. 151), entitled 
"Some Notes About Judge John Bryan," we copied what purported to be 
the "epitaph" on the tombstone erected over the Judge's grave at Farm- 
ington, Va. One of our interested readers, Prof. Varnum Lansing Col- 
lins, of Princeton University, writes us, under date of May 15, as follows : 

'The version of the epitaph given in the 'Newark Evening News,' 
reprinted by you, is inaccurate. I quote below the full inscription on the 
tombstone. You will observe that the date of death agrees neither with 
the 'Evening News' version nor with Dr. Maclean's statement (his 'His- 
tory of the College of New Jersey,' Vol. II, p. 47). It is, however, cor- 



Historical Notes and Comments 233 

roborated by contemporary letters detailing the circumstances of Judge 
Bryan's death, and published in the 'Proceedings of the New Jersey His- 
torical Society,' First Series, Vol. VI, pp. 177-179. The inscription was 
sent to me some years ago by Mrs. Warner Wood, owner of 'Birdwood,' 
the estate at Farmington, Albemarle co., Va.. where Judge Bryan is 
buried. ... On the appearance of your article containing a different 
version of the inscription I wrote to Mrs. Wood for a photograph of the 
stone. The version given below is from this photograph." 

The corrected inscription thus given in full is as follows: 

"Sacred 
To the memory of 
JOHN P. BRYAN, Esquire. 
One of the Judges of the Court of 
Common Pleas in the County of 
Somerset and State of New Jersey 
He was born on the 14th November 

MDCCXLVI. 
and departed this Life on the 16th 

January MDCCCIJI 
while engaged in collecting 
donations for the restoration 
of the New Jersey College. 



In him truth honor conscious worth combin'd 

to stamp a virtuous good and perfect mind 

we view his life see every act imply 

who fears to live not will not fear to die 

one well spend (sic) moment ends th' unequal strife 

and wafts our spirit to immortal life 

tho he is gone the silent falling tear 

persuasive speaks — he still inhabits here." 

In the lower corner is the name of the maker of the stone, as follows : 
"Peter Fritz in Philadelphia Fecit." 

Our attention has also been called to the following in the biographical 
sketch of Rev. Joseph Clark, of New Brunswick, in Sprague's "Annals of 
the American Pulpit," which gives some further particulars of Judge 
Bryan's mission to Virginia and death : "In company with John Bryan, 
Esq., of Somerset County, an Irish gentleman of wealth, intelligence and 
enterprise, who was selected by the Board of Trustees [of Princeton Col- 
lege] to be his colleague in this journey, he [Mr. Gark] set out from 
home early in the ensuing Autumn (1802). After traveling together into 
the interior of Virginia and meeting with pleasing encouragement in their 
business, to give wider compass to their efforts they agreed to separate. 
Judge Bryan was to direct his course to the west and north, and to return 
to New Jersey in the following Spring. The movements and successes 
of this gentleman were, very soon after the separation, terminated by 
death ; he being attacked by a fit of bilious colic, a disease to which he was 
subject occasionally, which proved fatal." It further states that Mr. 
Clark was also taken sick, and had to suspend his work. 



234 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

The Two Pluckemin Houses in the Frontispiece 

The two "old houses" pictured in this issue of the Quarterly are 
the well-known ante-Revolutionary houses known as the McEowen and 
Boylan houses. The McEowen house has sometimes been called the 
"General Knox house," we know not on what authority, as that General 
quartered at the Jacobus Vanderveer house, near Bedminster church. 
(Mellick's "Story of an Old Farm, ,, p. 463). But it is reputed to be still 
older than the Boylan house, or the Fenner house (pictured in our last 
number). Mr. John A. Powelson, of Pluckemin, who has given attention 
to the matter, believes it may have been the first house erected in the vil- 
lage of Pluckemin. There used to be a secret box in the floor of one. of the 
rooms. The oldest resident of the village, Mrs. Ann N. Vanderveer, 
states she lived in the house when a girl, and it was then "very old." The 
nails in it were all hand- forged. McEowen died in 18 17. About the year 
1852 Jacob Vosseller purchased the property of David McCullough, and, 
about 187 1, sold it to James Brown, Sr. At his death it passed to James 
Brown, Jr. ; then to Francis Bacon, of New York City ; then to Dr. Holly, 
of Brooklyn, the present owner. 'Squire Elias Brown purchased it of 
McEowens in 1824, before McCullough. 'Squire William McEowen was 
a merchant during the Revolution, his wife being a daughter of Col. John 
Mehelm, and McEowen's only daughter, Martha (not "Jemima," as printed 
by Snell, p. 712), married Elias Brown. The store was kept in this build- 
ing. (See further Snell's "History," supra, and "Our Home." p. 437). 

The Boylan house is supposed to antedate the Revolution by twenty 
years, as about then Capt. John Boylan (pronounced "Bullion" in those 
days), settled at Pluckemin and opened a store in this house. He had 
four stores in various nearby places, but this was probably the most prom- 
inent in the Revolution. He also owned 150 acres to the north of the vil- 
lage, and in 1788 was a county Judge. Its location in the upper (western) 
end of the village is near to the spot where the famous "Revolutionary 
ball" was held in 1780. (See Mellick's "Story," p. 466). John Boylan 
died in 1793. His widow, Mrs. Eleanor Boylan, daughter of Jacob Eott, 
the innkeeper of Pluckemin, survived him over fifty years, dying at the 
age of ninety-five, in 1846, and, by her will, left the property to her son, 
William Boylan, of Wake co., North Carolina. His will, probated in 
1861, left it to his sister, Mrs. Sarah B. Parker. At her death in 18S2 
it went to Mary Van Dervoort, Mary Parker and Sarah J. Bolmer, of 
whom, in 1885, the property was purchased by Dr. John B. Beekman, who 
conveyed it to Nathan Compton, and at his death in 1905 it passed to his 
son, Andrew Compton, the present owner. Mr. Powelson writes us as 
follows concerning his recollections of inmates of this house : "When I 
first went to the Pluckemin school, in 1857, it was occupied by three sis- 



Historical Notes and Comments 235 

ters, Sarah Parker, Eliza Webster and Hannah Boylan. Eliza Webster 
was an accomplished musician and conversationalist. She had attended a 
school in Litchfield, Conn., with Harriet Beecher Stowe. Mr. Parker 
was one who had been so loyal to the land of his birth that he had gone to 
England to see Queen Victoria crowned." There were fifteen children 
born in this house in the Boylan family, including the North Carolina 
William and Dr. Boylan, who was probably family physician to Lord 
Stirling. (For an interesting account of Mrs. John Boylan, and son Wil- 
liam, see "Our Home/' p. 533). 

Centennial of the Somerset County Medical Society 

On May 20th the Somerset County Medical Society celebrated its one 
hundredth anniversary in the parlors of the First Baptist church at Somer- 
ville, where a dinner was served by the ladies of the church. Doctors 
and their wives to the number of fifty-five were present. Dr. J. Hervey 
Buchanan, of North Plainfield, was the historian of the day, and from the 
very full records in his j*»sses§ion he was able to give an interesting 
account of the proceedings of the Society from its organization, on May 
21, 1816. On that date eight physicians met at the house of Daniel 
Sargeant and organized the Society. These physicians were Drs. Peter I. 
Stryker, of Somerville ; William M. McKissack, of Bound Brook; Au- 
gustus R. Taylor, of New Brunswick; Ferdinand S. Schenck, of Six-Mile 
Run; James B. Elmendorf, of Millstone; William D. McKissack, of Mill- 
stone; Peter Vredenburgh, of Somerville, and Fitz-Randolph Smith (place 
unknown). The following were also charter members, not attending the 
first meeting: Drs. Abraham P. Hageman (probably of Montgomery 
township), Henry Van Derveer, of Pluckemin, and William W. Perrine, 
(perhaps of Bedminster township). The address did not give the resi- 
dences of these physicians, but they are stated above, so far as we are 
able to locate them. The full text of the address was published in the 
"Unionist-Gazette" of May 25. Addresses were made at the celebration 
by Dr. David F. Weeks, of Skillman, Superintendent of the State Village 
for Epileptics (who was toastmaster) ; Dr. David C. English, of New 
Brunswick; Dr. O. J. Sproull, of Flemington ; Dr. Thomas N. Gray, of 
East Orange; Dr. F. C. Ard, of Plainfield, and Drs. McConaughy. Fisher 
and Stillwell, of the local Society; Dr. Fisher, of Bound Brook, being the 
oldest member of the local Society, having been connected therewith for 
thirty-seven years. 

So far as we are aware this Medical Society is the oldest of any of 
the existing Societies in Somerset County, the Somerset County Bible 
Society coming next, that having been formed Oct. 1, 1816, also at the 
house at Daniel Sargeant. 



236 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

DEPARTMENT OF NOTES AND QUERIES 

[123]. Cranmer, — Cranmer is an English name; Cramer is both 
German and English ; Crymers is Dutch. The New Jersey Cranmer 
family has English ancestry, and some claim it descends from Archbishop 
Thomas Cranmer (born 1489; died as martyr 1556), the line descending 
from his son Edmund, but whether correctly or not is not certain. 
William Cranmer came over from England and was at Southold, L. I., in 
1640, and at Elizabethtown in 1665 ; wife Elizabeth Carwithy, whom he 
tn. at Southold. He owned at Elizabethtown various tracts amounting 
to 209 acres, and a town lot of six acres on which he lived. He d. in 
1689. His sons were Thomas, William, Josiah and John. William 
settled at Barnegat, and John at Whippany, Morris co. John, a son of 
William, whose wife was Sarah Osborne, had sons Josiah, Nathan and 
William. The last-named Josiah m. Sarah Wilkinson, of L. L, and settled 
at Cranmertown, N. J. His sons were Richard, Edward, Josiah, 
James, Isaiah and Samuel. Richard m. Rebecca Cranmer, of Bass River, 
N. J., and resided at Cedar Run (now StafTordville) and Manahawkin. 
His fourth son, Clarkson, b. 1797, m. Harriet S. Ridgeway, b. 1803, of 
Lumberton and Mt. Holly; resided at Cranmertown and Barnegat, N. J. 
His third son, Ira Smith Cranmer, b. 1834, m. Sarah Elizabeth Shute, b. 
!839, of Manahawkin, N. J. ; resided at Barnegat and Jersey City. His 
son is the Rev. Wm. Stockton Cranmer, D. D., pastor of the First Re- 
formed church, Somerville, who m. Abigail Atwood. 

[124]. Bowman. — 'Tn the April Quarterly (p. 123) it was stated 
that 'Thomas Bouwman is said to have come from Germany prior to 
1717 and settled near New Brunswick.' This is incorrect, although so 
stated in Chambers' 'Early Germans of New Jersey,' and elsewhere re- 
peated. Thomas Bouman (which is more correct than Bouwman), was b. 
on Long Island, of Dutch ancestry, and the fuller line of descent of this 
family is as follows: Joris Jacobsen, b. 1626, at Amsterdam, came over 
before 1660, and lived at 'The Ferry,' Brooklyn. His wife was Trientje 
Claessen. His son, Jacob Jorise (Bouman), b. 1652, m. Lysbeth Thomas 
Lambertse, May 27, 1677. Their son, Thomas Bouman, was bapt. July 
25, 1680. This is the Thomas who settled near New Brunswick. The 
Bowmans are, therefore, of Dutch and not of German descent." 

J. N. (New York City). 

[125]. Livings. — "Richard Livings and his wife Rachel, b. in Eng- 
land, migrated to our country with three children, Richard, Joseph and 
Jonathan, before the Revolutionary War, and settled near Somerville 
about 1770. Daniel Louis, a fourth son, was b. there about Aug. 1, 
1776. About the time the Revolution started the son Richard went to 
Canada. David L. m. Mary Ellison "May 1, 1798; she was b. Nov., 1771, 



Department of Notes and Queries 237 

in New Jersey. David L. moved to near Cayuga Lake, N. Y., and later 
moved to Illinois, and is buried at Morrison. Joseph m. an Elizabeth 
, and moved to N. Y. about 1812. Jonathan m. (1) Anne Stan- 
ford, and (2) Anne Anderson. He teamed, or carried goods, between 
Somerville and New Brunswick, and lived across the road from the 
Academy. About 1809 he went to the Lake Country, N. Y., later to 
Bradford co., Pa., then to Winecup Creek in Chemung co., N. Y. I 
desire to know if Richard Livings w r as in the Revolutionary War." 

E. A. M. (Rock Falls, 111.) 
[We have not yet been able to find the name "Livings'" on any 
record in this county, but we do find that a Richard Living, of Middlesex 
co., served as a private in the Revolution. (See Stryker s "Officers and 
Men," etc., p. 669). In Vol. Ill of the Quarterly, p. 187, the Somer- 
set slave, Samuel Sutphin, in giving his Revolutionary record, refers to 
"Major Livin," and he is probably the same Richard. — Editor Quar- 
terly]. 

[126]. Stryker-Griggs. — "I wish to learn the birthplace of Jacob 
Probasco Stryker, b. Aug. 19, 1794; rn., Nov. 16, 1816, Susan Griggs. 
His father was Peter Stryker, b. in Franklin township Dec. 6, 1762; m. 
Christiana, daughter of Richard Longstreet. The location of this Peter 
Stryker, if known to any of your readers, would be, of course, the birth- 
place of his son Jacob. One of Jacob P's sons, William Mershon Stryker, 
was born at Princeton, Mar. 21, 18 19, and removed to Indiana in 1838/" 

E. B. S. (Washington, D. C.) 

[127]. Sloan. — Inquiry being made as to the ancestry of the Sloan 
family, which originally settled in Bedminster township and was con- 
nected with the Lamington Presbyterian church, we have learned the fol- 
lowing: Meryan Sloan, b. in North Ireland about 1669, d. at Lamington, 
Aug. 26, 1746, aged 75 years ; was the father of William, and, probably, 
of Henry Sloan, both of whom are supposed to have emigrated with Mer- 
yan. The son William was b. 1705, and d. Sept. 16, 1758, aged 53 years. 
His wife Mary, b. about 1718, d. Sept. 21, 1792, aged 74 years. Henry 
Sloan d. aged 81 years, but there is no date on his tombstone at Laming- 
ton. He is doubtless the Henry who was prominently connected with the 
Lamington church in 1742. The William above named lived just across 
the river from Kline's Mills. He had a son Henry, b. about 1739, d. Sept. 
25, 1801, who was the same who m. Elizabeth Kirkpatrick (as stated on 
p. 174, ante), and who lived on a farm of 370 acres in Bedminster 
twsp. in 1787. There were other children as follows, and perhaps more: 
Rev. William B. Sloan, Presbyterian pastor at Greenwich. Warren co. 
(1798-1834); John, who is said never to have married; Rev. Samuel, 



238 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

who became an Episcopal minister and settled in Maryland ; a daughter 
who m. Samuel McCrea, son of Rev. James McCrea ; Sarah, who m. Col. 
David Chambers, of Hunterdon co. ; Mary, who m. Hugh Gaston, Esq., 
of Peapack (see January Quarterly, p. 37) ; Elizabeth, b. 1747; d. May 
30, 1768; first wife of Capt. John Maxwell, of Greenwich, Warren co. 
(who was the brother of Gen. William Maxwell) ; Eleanor, who m. Rob- 
ert Maxwell, brother of Capt. John, also of Greenwich ; and Marian, who 
m. Judge John Bryan, of Peapack (as to whom see April Quarterly, 
P- 153)- 

.[128]. Middaugh-Huxter. — "My ancestor, Ephraim Middaugh, 
came to America in 1790 from Holland, and married Miss Lydia Hunter, 
a native of your county. She was b. in 1771, and d. Oct., 1836, near 
Shanesville, Ohio. Who was the father of Lydia Hunter?" 

C. B. J. (Salem, Mo.) 

[We have come to the conclusion that this Ephraim Middaugh went 
to Somerset co., Pa., instead of to New Jersey. W r e have no trace in 
this county of the arrival of any Middaugh or Middagh after 1700. Xor 
have we been able to learn of a Lydia Hunter in this county. — Editor 
Quarterly] . 

[129]. Adams. — Mention was made in the April Quarterly (p. 
119) of the Samuel Adams who, with his brothers William and Paul, 
and a sister, came from Glasgow about 1745. Samuel had some descend- 
ants born at Liberty Corner and Bernardsville, this county. There was 
one very noted member of his line, Joseph Alexander Adams, to be noted 
below, whose parentage we have heretofore endeavored in vain to dis- 
cover. It seems that all three brothers, after settling on Long Island, re- 
moved to Hunterdon co. about 1750, but the exact locations of William 
and Paul we have not ascertained. The three performed service during 
the Revolutionary War, in Hunterdon militia regiments, and so it is 
evident that they must have been only children when coming over from 
Scotland, and were probably accompanied by their parents, whose names 
are unknown. What became of Paul is also unknown. William, after 
the War, together with his sister, who had married, removed to Delaware 
co., N. Y., and this family intermarried there with the Loughrans and 
Scotts. 

Samuel had a son named John, who was b. Feb. 10, 1770; d. Mar. 19, 
1850; m. Elizabeth Blain, who d. Dec. 2, 1862. He resided at New Ger- 
mantown, Hunterdon co., learning the tanner's trade there with Andrew 
Bartles and had two sons, John Silvester and Joseph Alexander. 

John Silvester was b. at New Gennantown, Jan. 10, 1802; d. Oct. 2, 



Department of Notes and Queries 239 

1889; m., 1827, Mary A. Sturgis, of Mine Brook, Somerset co., who d. 
May 7, 1879. ^ e learned the tanner's trade at Liberty Corner, and for 
some years after was in business there with a Mr. Lewis. In 1835 he 
removed to New York City, engaging in the grocery business, and ten 
years later purchased the farm adjoining that of Roderick A. Mitchell 
at Bernardsville. Being a Methodist he, with others, started a movement 
to build an M. E. church at that place, and it was erected on ground don- 
ated by the former Judge and Surrogate John H. Anderson. In 1853 he 
opened a general store at Bernardsville, and soon after, in connection with 
members of the family, opened one in Newark and one in New York City. 
In 1863 he removed to Mendham, where he died. His ch. were: (1) 
Joseph Alexander, b. at Liberty Corner Nov. 5, 1829; d. Feb. 18, 191 1 ; 
resided in Caldwell, N. J., but d. in East Orange. (2) James Silvester, b. 
at Liberty Corner, July 30, 1832 ; d. Jan. 18, 1916; resided at Morristown. 
(3) Aaron, b. Mar. 6, 1840; living. He is the President of the Essex 
County Trust Co., of East Orange, from whom the information in this 
note is obtained. (4) Lydia A., b. Apr. 2, 1843 \ m - E. P. Babbitt, who 
is deceased; resides in Cleveland, Ohio. (5) John Loughran, b. at Ber- 
nardsville, Nov. 4, 1846; d. May 17, 1910; resided many years in Newark. 

Joseph Alexander Adams, brother to John Silvester, was b. at New 
Germantown, Dec. 28, 1803, and d. in New York City, Sept. 16, 1880. 
He was, doubtless, educated at the Barnet Hall Academy, but went to 
Morristown and learned the printer's trade with Jacob Mann, at the office 
of the "Palladium of Liberty," in 1818. During his apprenticeship he began 
to engrave on wood, making pictures of houses, horses, etc., such as could 
be used with various advertisements in the newspaper. Becoming apt at it 
he went to New York, and, a little later, to England, where he spent some 
time studying the art under English engravers. Returning to this country 
he became one of the foremost wood illustrators on books in America, 
achieving great fame in the beautiful engravings of the "Pictorial Bible'* 
published by Harper Brothers in 1843. This Bible, of 1600 engravings 
(now very scarce), is said to have been the first one published in this 
country in which the illustrations were made in America, a statement we 
have not been able to confirm, although it may be true. He has also been 
given the credit of inventing the electrotyping process, and first using it on 
the borders of the Bible engravings. He married, about 1844, Maria 
Wood, of Babylon, L. I., and had children: (1) Alexander Mitchell, b. 
Mar. 25, 1845; d. Dec. 24, 1852, in Paris; was buried there in the ceme- 
tery Montmarte. (2) Mary Elizabeth, b. Jan. 6, 1847, who may yet be 
living in New York City. (3) Joseph Blaine, b. July 13, 1850; d. about 
1900 ; is buried at Greenwood. 

A remarkable letter from this Joseph Alexander Adams, written 



240 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

from Paris in 1852, when he was traveling abroad, we hope to present to 
our readers in our next number. 

[130]. Dungan. — The unusual name Dungan, which is foreign to 
that of any ancient Somerset family, having recently attracted our atten- 
tion, wte have ascertained that Judge Nelson Y. Dungan was the first 
Dungan to reside in Somerset. The ancestral line of the Judge is as 
follows: (1) William Dungan, of Dublin, Ireland, who m. Frances 
Latham; d. in London, Eng., in 1636. (2) His son, Rev. Thomas, b. 
in London in 1632, came to New England with his mother and settled at 
Newport, R. L, in 1637; m. Elizabeth Weaver; removed to Cold Spring 
Falls, Pa., 1682, and d. 1688. (3) His son Thomas, b. 1670, m. Mary 
Drake; d. June 23, 1759. (4) His son James m. Rebecca Wells. (5) 
His son John, b. 1753, m. Mary Hyle; d. Mar. 22, 1798. (6) His son 

Uriah, b. 1777; m. Mary ; d. Oct. 4, 1822. (7) His son John, 

b. in Bucks co., Pa., Sept. 26, 1806; m. Elizabeth Booz; d. Dec. 2, 1875. 
Resided at Reaville and Riogoes, N. J. (8) His son Edmund B., who 
resided at Lambertville, N. J., was b. Feb. 12, 1844; d. Apr. 11, 1900; m. 
Martha Matilda Young (dau. of Nelson V. Young, of Mt. Airy, N. J.) 
(9) His son is Judge Nelson Young Dungan, b. at Lambertville. It 
seems that the original name of the family abroad was Dongan. 

[131]. Voorhees- Van Liew. — Jacobus Van Voorhees, grandchild 
of Steven Coert, the immigrant, who was b. in 1696, in Brooklyn, pur- 
chased Mar. 10, 1742, 200 acres of land at Blawenburg, and had sons 
Oakey, John and Abraham, all of whom married and had children, and 
continued to live near Blawenburg. The son John, stated to be "of 
Harlingen," was b. in 1743, and d. in 1794. His first wife was Femmetje 
'Van Liew, whom he m. Dec. 16, 1761, and his second wife Mrs. Johanna 
Polhemus. His children by the first wife were ten in number, and, while 
most of their names are given, with dates of baptisms only, in "The 
Genealogy of the Van Voorhees Family" (p. 56S), there does not appear 
there the exact dates of birth, and no dates of death. A descendant of the 
family residing in Kearneysville, West Va., having the family Bible, has 
sent to us the following record of these children, which may prove of use to 
some future searcher after these particular dates : 

John Voorhees, b. June 11, 1739. Phebe Voorhees (Van Liew), 
b. Dec. 16, 1736. Married Dec. 16, 1761. Children: (1) Peter, b. 
Nov. 7, 1762; d. Jan. 31, 1792. (2) Albert, b. June 14, 1764; d. Dec. 
30, 1781. (3) Mary, b. Nov. 18, 1766; d. Apr. 16. 1786. (4) Adrian, 
b. Oct. 20, 1768. (5) John, b. Jan. 14, 1771 ; d. Jan. 15, 1794. (6) 
Abraham, b. Mar. 6, 1773; d - June 20, 1789. (7) Leah, b. Jan. 24. 1776; 
d. Aug. 24, 1792. (8) Garret, b. Dec. 8, 1778; d. Jan. 24, 1803. (9) 
Elizabeth, b. Apr. 6/1781. (10) Phebe, b. Oct. 20, 1783 ; d. July 20, 1786. 



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pufcUcation Committee : 



A. Van Doren .Honeyxnan 
Alexander G. Anderson 
•Joshua Doughty, Jr. 



Hon. J&mez J. Bergen 

John F. Reger 

Mrs. William W. Smalley 






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Somerville, New Jersey- 
Somerset County Historical Society 
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THE OLI> BASKING RIDGE ACADEMY 

About 1800 Rev. Robert Finley, P^Stpr of the Basking Ridge Presbyterian church, everted, 
iu brick, what became li fYmmus Academy at that place, following tin classical 
school Inaugurated by his predecessor, Rev. Dr. Samuel Kennedj. Leading 
preachers and statesmen were educated iu it. Was used for school purposes until 

1004; now occupied by Bernards Lodge A O. W. W.. certain members of which 
own it. 






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ANCIENT OAK AT BASKING ttlDGE 

Perhaps the largest in New Jersey. Relieved to he -100 years old. and. if so, -00 years of 
age when first log church was built beside it (about) 1120, Standing in the 
Presbyterian rhuivh grounds, about <!0 feet oast from the edifice, and shelters 
some 100 gravestones beneath. Circumference of trunk i!4' <"•" one foot above 
ground. Spread of branches 1-0'. It is a swamp oak and still vigorous. 



Cc :nts for Octo , 10ft 

5 lerset Patriotism Prec evolutionary War 

The Development of Townshi and 1 rnment in 

erset By Rev. Oscar M i e.i. £). D. - 

Col. Peter D. Yro r < v n. the Re ary Officer. By the late Hon. 

Garr J . I 'room - - • 

Franklin Towi Historical Notes; (Continued). By tn 

Judge ^ Ralph Voorlxc 'is - •> - - - - '"- 
Important Correction- in vaz f"M< ssler Family" Genealogy. By /<?/*» 

-Xeafic - - - - - -.'-.- 

A Somerset Native Views a Parrs Revolution, - 

Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families, (Continued). 

By the Editor - - - - - - ^ 

Notes on the Rynearson (Van H'engel) Family. By Edward K 

I'oorhecs - ._- - - _ -. 
Notes on the WyckoT Family. (Continued). By U illiam F. Wycko'ft 
Voorhees-Nevkts Burying-Ground inscriptions. By Mrs. Sara': V . 

Clark - -'/I... - 1 - _ ~ . . 
'Various Franklin Township Burying-G round Inscriptions; By Jacob 

Wyckoff - - - \ : - ^ - >- - ':. - - 

North Plamfield Township Buryinc;-Greund Inscriptions. By Sidney, 

tij' Moore and Wllliam-B. tan Alstytte - - - . - 
Readington Church Baptisms from 1720. (Continued). Bv Rev. 

R. V.J). W-yck&ff - -.----'- - ~ _ A 
.First Reformed Church, Raritan (SonrerviM) Baptisms. (Contin 
Historical Notes and Comments - .- - 

Reprinting of, or Quoting from Old Laws. Documents, etc.— 
A . General Zebulon M. Pike, a Native of Somerset^— The Name 
'Tuimingtou" — The " Indian "Towne" of Peapnck'and Ir 
■- Deeds — Another Somerset Gwdy Indian Deed — The A1 
versary of Rutgers — The Azariah Dunh&m County Line i. 
Department of Notes and Queries - 

Kirkaptrick-Lewis Kirkpatri:k-Gordon-I:a:;;cnan-Ostnrm — 

Arrowsmith-Chiyvis — Auten-Sniock— Spader- Vander 



24! 



- 24 



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263 



294 
298 



- 299 



TO 



Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



This magazine of local history, biography and genealogy, retatfi 
-for the present exclusively to Somerset County. Nov/ Jersey, will be of 
eighty pages quarterly, issued in January, April, July and October. 

. Subscription price ??.oo per year, payable strictly in advance. 

Address all subscriptions and payments for same to die Treasurer, 
Alexander G. Anderson, Somerville, New Jersey. 

Address ah commit nications respecting articl 1 Quarterly to 

the Editor, A. Van Dorr;: Honeyman, . ^ey. 

Published by the 

SOMERSET COUNTY- HISlTOR* ' dIETY. 

Son \ N. T. 

Entered at the Post Of fire at Somerville, ;\\ A, as set \at i 



New Jersey State and Historical Societies 

Also Son-,-: Semi-Historical An • ' Somerset County vt \ 



Bergen County Historical Society. Organized 1902. 

- orresponding Secretary — C. V, N. Bogert, Hack : New Fei 

Camp MtnDtEBRooK Chapter. D. A. 

terespondmg i -.•';,('' ncle S. Lane. 

CONTINENTAL CHAPTER, D. A. R. > Org:: ' .-.'. 

Corresponding Secretary — Mrs. Kerry M. Maxson, Ptainfield, N. J. 

General Freltnghuysen Chapter, D. A. R. Org: 

Secretary — Mrs. Rol.cn W. Corneiison, Sotnerville, New Jersey.. 

Hudson County Historical Society. Orgai ' 

Corresponding Secretary — Geo. W. Case, ni Belmont Avenue, Jersey City, N J. 

Hunteioon County HxsfoajcAL Society , Organized 1885. 

Corresponding Secretary-— Jpiaa Vosscller, Flernington, New Jersey. 

Monmouth County Historical Association.. Organized 

Corresponding Secretary — Miss Viola E. Patterson, Red Bank, New Jersey. 

• -New Brunswick Historical Cliih Orgw 

Secretary — Prof. Rtchatd Morris, Ph.D., New Brunswick, New Jersey. 

New Jersey Historical Society, -' ' Organize: ; 

Corresponding Secretary — A. Van Doren Honeymari, Plainfield, N. J. 

New Jersey Historical Society — Woman's Branch. Organized 

. Corresponding Secfe|ary — Mrs. Harrie P. Whitehead, Elizabeth, New 

Princeton Historical Association. Organize-! 190a 

■ Corresponding Secretary— -De. E. C. Richardson, Princeton, New Jers< 

Revolutionary Memorial S cii t 01 New Jebsey. Or 

Correspondihg Seer.. - ■'.. rs. jnmc:- J. Bergen, Somerville, New Jersey. 

Salem County Historical SocTEtv: .'* Organized 

Corresponding Secretary — Mrs. Thomas J. Cravens Cravenhorst, New 

Society ok Colonial Wars in the Sta* \\ Jersey. Ore 

, Corresponding Secreiary—John Eenord Merrill, 51- 7 Park Ave.. E. Orange, N. J 

Somerset County Historical Society. Organ'.-. 

Corresponding Secretary — John F Reger, Somerville, New Jersey. 

Society of Sons of the American Revolution. \ nizeel i?-?o. 

Secretary— John R. Weeks, roe Market Street, Newark, New Jersey. 

Society op Sons of the Revolution. Organize 

Corresponding Secretary — John V. B. Wikott, Trenton, New Jersey. 

Sussex County Histo ;:.ty. Organized 1 >4 

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The Historical Society of B kltncton County, Organized 100& 

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Washington Association of New Jersey 



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SOMERSET COUNTY 

HISTORICAL QUARTERLY 



Vol. 5. SOMERVILLE, Xe\V JERSEY, OcTODER, 1916. Xo. 4 



SOMERSET PATRIOTISM PRECEDING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR 

FROM MINUTES OF MEETINGS OK CITIZENS AND COMMITTEES 

So far as we are aware there has not hitherto been published, in this 
State or County, any detailed proceedings of organized meetings in 
Somerset at or near the beginning of the Revolution, except two. In a 
work entitled "Minutes of the Provincial Congress and the Council of 
Safety of the State of New Jersey," published by the Legislature in 
1879, the minutes of the two meetings named, held respectively on May 
11, 1775, and July 28, 1775, at the courthouse (at Millstone) are printed, 
but it is evident from the beginning of the minutes of the first public 
meeting, that something was "doing" in the County prior thereto. The 
minutes of May 11 begin: "Pursuant to notice given by the Chairman 
of the Committee of Correspondence for the County of Somerset," but 
do not state who constituted this committee nor how it came to exist. 
Was it self-appointed, or were the people so aroused by events at Bos- 
ton, whose port was shut up by the British Government because of 
the "Boston Tea Party" that they met and appointed a "Committee of 
Correspondence" to act with other counties and perhaps other States? 
Dr. Messier in his "Centennial History of Somerset*' does not refer to 
the matter, although giving (in the Appendix) some resolutions of Hills- 
borough township of May 3, 1775, concerning the enrollment of militia. 
In Snell's well-known "History of Hunterdon and Somerset" it is stated 
that on February 8, 1774. the House of Assembly of New Jersey re- 
solved to appoint a Standing Committee of Correspondence, and that 
soon thereafter various counties formed local committees, naming them 
and giving details of the Hunterdon appointment, but says of Somerset: 
"It is known that the people of Somerset County were convened in the 
same manner, at about the same time, and for the same purposes, but 
16 



1 



242 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

neither the exact date nor any minutes of the proceedings of the meet- 
ing have been found." 

Happily the particulars of these early Somerset minutes have been 
found, as published at the time in New York and Philadelphia newspapers. 
We give them herewith, and at the same time, to make the account of 
meetings both in 1774 and 1775 complete, we republish from the work 
first above named the doings of the "freeholders" (the citizens) of the 
County in 1775. 

The "Pennsylvania Journal" of July 20, 1774, gives the minutes of 
the meeting of July 4, 1774, (just two years prior to the Declaration of 
Independence) as follows: 

Meeting of Citizens of Somerset, July 4, 1774 

"At a meeting of the Freeholders and inhabitants of the County of 
Somerset, in New Jersey, on Monday, the 4th of July, 1774, in their 
courthouse, after reasbriing and deliberating upon the present alarming 
state of public affairs, the following resolutions were unanimously agreed 
to, viz. : 

"I. Although all the members of this meeting, and they are per- 
suaded the inhabitants of America in general, are firm and unshaken in 
their allegiance to his Majesty, King George, and are entirely averse from 
breaking their connexion with the island of Great Britain, yet they think 
it necessary to declare that they agree fully in opinion with the many 
respectable bodies who have already published their sentiments, in declar- 
ing that the unlimited right claimed by the British Parliament, in which 
we neither are nor can be represented, of making laws of every kind to 
be binding upon the Colonies, particularly that of imposing taxes, what- 
ever may be the name or form under which they are attempted to be 
introduced, is contrary to the spirit of the British constitution, and so 
inconsistent with liberty, that we look upon it as our duty to oppose it 
by every lawful means, and suffer the last extremity rather than submit 
to it. 

"II. We are of opinion that the town of Boston, under the late 
severe and oppressive Act of Parliament for shutting up their port, is 
suffering in the common cause of all America, and that, therefore, it 
is the duty and interest of the whole to agree without delay to do every- 
thing in their power for its relief. 

"III. We concur with our brethren throughout the continent, in 
thinking that the first step for this purpose should be a general meeting, 
or Congress, of deputies, from all the Colonies, as soon as possible, at 
such place as shall seem most convenient; whose business it shall be to 
present a dutiful address to his Majesty, King George, on the present 
interesting situation of affairs, as well as to make strict enquiry into the 
rights and liberties of America, and take all such measures as shall 
seem to them to be necessary for their preservation, and for promoting 
a general union and firmness through all the Colonies in this common 
cause. 

"IV. We are also well pleased that the Congress should be 



Somerset Patriotism Preceding the Revolutionary War 243 

instructed to apply to the friends of Liberty in Great Britain for their 
concurrence with us, as v/e doubt not but every person of a just and gen- 
erous mind will soon perceive that what we ask is no more than what 
equity entitles us to and we cannot be deprived of, without the real preju- 
dice of the whole empire. 

"V. We are of opinion that the Assembly of our Colony at their 
next meeting should vote a sum of money to be sent to Boston, in pro- 
visions and necessaries, or in such way as to them shall seem proper for 
the relief of the many poor and helpless families in that place, deprived 
of every means of subsistence by the late unprecedented Act of the Brit- 
ish Parliament; and, if this method should be found impracticable or 
too dilatory, we recommend that relief shall be sent to them by private 
subscription, and will contribute for this purpose according to our abilities. 

"VI. We do most heartily desire and recommend a general Non- 
importation Agreement, to be entered into at such time, and regulated in 
such manner, as to the general Congress shall seem advisable. 

"VII. We do also recommend a general Non-Consumption Agree- 
ment to be entered into at such time, and regulated in such manner, as to 
the general Congress shall seem proper. 

"VIII. To prevent the necessity of the county's meeting again, and 
to expedite the meeting of a general Congress, we resolve to appoint a 
committee, to meet when occasion may require, to correspond with the 
committees of the other counties, and to join with them in electing propei 
persons to represent this Colony in the proposed Congress, for which 
purpose the following gentlemen, viz., Hendrick Fisher, Esq, John Roys, 
Esq, the Rev. Doctor John Witherspoon, Peter Schenk, Esq, Jonathan 
Dickenson Sergeant, Esq, James Hude, Esq, Mr. Frederick Frelinghuy- 
sen, Mr. Enos Kelsey, and /Abraham van Neste, Esq, are requested to 
be, and hereby are appointed our standing Committee, whereof any five 
to be a sufficient number to act. 

"Hendrick Fisher, Chairman, 
F. Frelinciiuysen, Clerk." 

The same matter appeared in the "New York Gazette and Weekly 
Mercury" of July 11, 1774, with this addition: 

"Immediately after the meeting of the County the Committee met 
and agreed to meet the Committee of the Counties at New Brunswick, 
on Thursday the 21st day of July instant." 

The next meeting, held on Dec. 15, 1774, is thus officially reported 
in the "New York Gazette and Weekly Mercury" of Dec. 26, 1774: 

Meeting of Freeholders of Somerset, Dec. 15, 1774 

"Pursuant to notice given by the Committee of Correspondence, the 
Freeholders of the County of Sommerset, in the Province of New Jersey, 
met at the Court House the 15th day of Dec, 1774. 

"Henry [Hendrick] Fisher, Esq., chosen Chairman. 

"Jona. D. Sergeant, Esq., Secretary. 

"The question was moved and voted unanimously, that this meeting 
do most heartily approve the proceedings of the late Continental Con- 



244 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

gress in general, and that we will to the utmost of our power adopt and 
enforce the association of t'r. :. in particular; for which end 

and that the same may be carried into execution 

"i. Resolved. That a new Committee of Correspondence be now 
immediately chosen by ballot. 

"2. That Committees of Inspection be also appointed c o 
of seven persons in each township, and precinct, pursuant to the nth 
article of the said Associatic : 

"Adjournment for an hour. 

''4 o'clock the meeting re-assembled. 

"Hendrick Fisher. John Rovs. John Witherspoon. Peter S 
Abraham Van Xest. Tona. D. Sergeant. Nathaniel Avers. Frederick 
Frelinghuysen, Jacob Boogart. are appointed a Committee of Correspond- 
ence to continue until the 15th of July next. 

''Voted unanimously. That Hendri:-: Fisher and John Roys, Ea n 
the Representatives of this County in General Assembly, be. and they are 
hereby instructed to join with the other Members of Assembly in appoint- 
ing delegates to the Congress, expected to be held on the 10th day of 
Ma} next, it the Assembly o: this Province should be called by the 1st 
of March next. 

''And the Committee of Correspondence are here:; fmtbe* - structed, 
in case the Assembly should not be called by the 1st of March next, or 
should neglect to appoint delegates for the purpose above mentioned, 
that they do in that case meet with the other Corr.m:::ees of Corre- 
spondence in convention, and appoint delegates in the same manner in 
which the last delegates were chosen. 

" Comminees of Inspection for the townships and precincts here- 
after mentioned: 

"For Bridgewater township. John Van Xest, John Goldthrap. Rnlofi 
Sebring. Derick Middagh, Edward Bunn, Abraham Ten I"; :. Peter 
Dumont. Jun. 

"For Hillsborough township. Gilbert Boogert. Coanrod Ten E 
John Van Doren, Ruloff Peterson, Derick Low. John Van Aradakfl, 
Peter D'Vroom. 

"For Barnards Town. Jonathan YVhitaker. Ebenezer Tingley. E 
Ayres. John Durham. John Collier, Benjamin Annin. 

"For Eastern precinct, Jacob Bergen. William Oppy. Jacob V 
off, Cornelius Wickoff. John Van Lewe. Hendrick Berge : Voor- 

heisc. 

"For Western precinct. Lemuel Scudder. Thomas Wiggens 
drick Van Dike, Thomas Skillman. David Snowden, Peter Wickoff, 
George Bergen. 

"For Bedmiuster township. Stephen Hunt. Hugh Gaston. E 
Vander Veer. Thomas Berrv. Tohn Kin?. Richard M 'Donald. Tohn 
M'Dowell. 

"To continue also to the 15th of July next, and proceed ;. 
the nth Article of the Association. 

"Resolved. That in the opinion of this meeting the sol for 

the relief of the poor of Boston ought to be continued, and it is earn* 



Somerset Patriotism Preceding the Revolutionary War 245 

recommended to all such persons as have not subscribed to do it without 
delay. 

"Signed by Order, Hendrick Fisher, Chairman." 

The two following- minutes 'are those published in the "Minutes of 
the Provincial Congress," etc., as heretofore stated: 

Somerset County Freeholders' Meeting, May ii, 1775 

"Pursuant to notice given by the Chairman of the Committee of 
Correspondence for the County of Somerset in Xew Jersey, the Free- 
holders of the County met at the Court-House, the nth dav of May, 

1775- 

"Hendrick Fisher, Esq., chosen Chairman. 

"Frederick Frelinghuysen, Clerk. 

"1. Resolved, That the several steps taken by the P>ritish Ministry 
to enslave the American Colonies, and especially the late alarming hostili- 
ties commenced by the troops under General Gage against the inhabitants 
of Massachusetts Bay, loudly call on the people of this Province to deter- 
mine what part they will act in this situation of affairs ; and that we 
therefore readily consent to elect deputies for a Provincial Congress to 
meet at Trenton, on Tuesday, the 23d instant, agreeable to the advice 
and direction of the Provincial Committee of Correspondence. 

"2. Resolved, That the number of deputies shall be nine, and that 
they shall be chosen by ballot, 

" Adjourned for an hour. 

"Four o'clock the people reassembled. 

"Hendrick Fisher, John Roys, Esquires, Mr. Frederick Frelinghuy- 
sen, Mr. Enos Kelsey, Peter Schenck, Jonathan D. Sergeant, Nathaniel 
Airs, William Patterson and Abraham Van Nest, Esquires, are appointed 
Deputies for this County, who, or any five of them, are empowered to meet 
the Deputies from the other Counties in Provincial Congress at Trenton, 
on Tuesday, the 23d instant, and to agree to all such measures as shall be 
judged necessary for the preservation of our constitutional rights and 
privileges. 

"Resolved, That the Deputies for this County be instructed, and they 
are hereby instructed to join with the Deputies from the other Counties 
in forming such plan for the Militia of this Province as to them shall 
seem proper; and we heartily agree to arm and support such a number of 
men as they shall order to be raised in this County. 

"Resolved, That this County will pay the expenses of their Deputies 
who shall attend the Congress. 

"Resolved, That Messrs. Tobias Van Norden and Daniel Blackford 
be added to the Committee of Observation for the Township of Bridge- 
water. 

"By order Frederick Frelinghuysen, Clerk." 

Following the above meeting was the one of July 28, 1775, the last 
of which we have been able to find a report : 

Meeting of Freeholders of Somerset, July 28, 1775 

"At a meeting of the Freeholders of the County of Somerset, in the 
Province of New Jersey, assembled at the Court Mouse in said County. 



246 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

on Friday the 28th day of July, 1775. pursuant to advertisements of the 
late Committee of Correspondence, Hendrick Fisher, Esq., Chairman, 
John Leferty, Secretary. 

"The said Freeholders being informed that the late Committee of 
Correspondence for this County expired the 15th day of July instant, and 
being convinced of the necessity of choosing a ne\v ; Committee of Cor- 
respondence for the County, do Resolve, That a new Committee of Cor- 
respondence, to consist of seventeen persons, be chosen for this County 
by ballot. 

"Adjourned for one hour. 

"Met according to adjournment; when the following gentlemen were 
elected a Committee of Correspondence for this County, viz. : The Rev. 
Dr. John Witherspoon, Jacob Bogart, John Gaston, Gisbart Bogart, 
Gabriel Ogden, Garret Voorhees, Cornelius Van Muliner, Thomas Berry, 
Stephen Hunt, Rowland Chambers, Matthew Ten Eyck, William Annin, 
RulofT Van Dicke, Jacob Bergen, Hendrick Van Middlesworth, Lucas 
Voorhees and Ebenezer Tingley. 

"Resolved, That it be recommended, and it is hereby recommended 
to every township in this County, to assemble as soon as possible and 
choose for their respective townships nine persons, to be a Committee of 
Inspection to take recognizance of all violations of the measures recom- 
mended by the representatives of the people in their district. And this 
County do further recommend that every Township Committee do choose 
from among themselves three persons, who shall meet, when called upon, 
with an equal number of persons from every Township Committee, and 
form a General Committee of Inspection for the County, in the case of an 
appeal, or when matters of importance require the sense of the County, 
or when a Township Committee choose not to decide on a case by them- 
selves. 

"Resolved, That the Chairman of the late Committee of Inspection 
for each township do notify a meeting of the inhabitants of their town- 
ship for the purpose of choosing the aforesaid Committee of Inspection. 

"Resolved, That the County do earnestly recommend to, and they 
do hereby instruct their Committee of Inspection to be vigilant and active 
•in the discharge of their duty, in taking cognizance of every person of 
whatsoever rank or condition, who shall, either by word or deed, endeavor 
to destroy our unanimity in opposing the arbitrary and cruel measures 
of the British Ministry ; and so deal with him or them as to the particu- 
lar Committee of Inspection where the offender resides, or to the Gen- 
eral Committee of Inspection (if an appeal or other reason require the 
same to be called), shall seem most conducive to prevent any injury to 
the glorious cause of American freedom. 

"Resolved, That the Committee of Correspondence above chosen, 
and the Committees of Inspection to be chosen for the different town- 
ships of this County, do continue until the first Monday in May next; 
after which the Chairman of the Committee of Correspondence shall, 
within three weeks, call a meeting of the County. And in all cases when 
it shall be thought necessary to have the County assembled, the Secre- 
tary is hereby authorized and directed to give as public notice thereof as 



The Development of Townships and Township Government 247 

possible; and this County do agree to defray the expenses thence 
arising. 

"Ordered, That the foregoing Resolves and Proceedings be pub- 
lished in one of the New York newspapers. 

"A true copy from the minutes. John Leferty, Secretary." 

t^h £fa t£*$ £m 

THE DEVELOPMENT OF TOWNSHIPS AND TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENT 

IN SOMERSET 

BY REV. OSCAR M. VOORHEES, D. D., NEW YORK CITY 

In several articles that have appeared in the Quarterly the exterior 
boundaries of Somerset have been carefully discussed, and the process 
by which the present bounds came to be established has been made clear, 
with two exceptions : first, that portion which forms the western boundary 
of Branchburg township, now an irregular line but originally designated 
a straight line from the South Branch, near the present village of Three 
Bridges, to the Lamington river just west of Burnt Mills ; and second, 
&m d&Fisioii Hue to the south, made necessary by the erection of Mercer 
county in 1843, by which Somerset lost what are now Princeton township 
and Princeton borough. Nothing, however, has thus far been written 
respecting the interior boundaries, L e., those dividing precincts or town- 
ships. 

Responsibility for arranging such divisions rested primarily in the 
Government as represented by the Governor and Council and the Assem- 
blies of East Jersey and West Jersey, and, after 1703. of the united 
Colony. 

The development of governmental agencies and the subdivision of 
territory went on together. An important fact that needs to be kept 
in mind is that the feeling in favor of the extension of local self-govern- 
ment kept asserting itself, and the various spheres of its exercise had of 
necessity to be defined. We must also bear in mind that methods of 
colonial, county, and township governments were being worked out at the 
same time, and the people were learning to adapt themselves and their 
governmental agencies to prevailing conditions. Many a theory of gov- 
ernment that to the British mind was deemed flawless had to give way 
before the stern realities of pioneer life. 

If a government is to be effective it must have its well-defined 
spheres of operation. Hence the necessity of interior divisions and defi- 
nite boundaries. This necessity is quaintly stated in an Act of the East 
Jersey Legislature of 1692, which we quote in part: 

"Whereas, Several things is (sic) to be done by the inhabitants of 
towns, hamlets, tribes or divisions within each county, as chusing of 



248 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

deputies, constables, etc., taxing and collecting of several rates for pub- 
lick uses, the making orders amongst themselves respectively about swine, 
fences, etc. ; and Whereas a great many settlements are not reckoned 
within any such town or division, nor the bounds of the reputed towns 
ascertained, by means whereof the respective constables know not their 
districts, and many other inconveniences arising from thence: [therefore 
it was enacted] that the inhabitants of each county are hereby author- 
ized and impowered at a county meeting to be appointed for that end 
. . . to set and ascertain the limits and bounds of each and so 
many towns or divisions as they, or a committee chosen by them, the 
said meeting, shall see meet, provided they shall give in their returns 
respectively to such division to be recorded in the publick records of this 
Province before the twenty-first day of this instant, October, 1692. " 
(Learning and Spicer, p. 320 )} 

Evidently, in confirmation of action by the people under this act, 
another act was passed the following year "for dividing each county 
'into townships," in which the bounds of a number of townships are set 
forth, though in general and quite indefinite terms. Somerset was not 
then divided, but was constituted one township, though it is expressly 
stated "that whenever any County shall hereafter come to be better set- 
tled and inhabited this shall not be understood to hinder other subdi- 
visions to be made on application to the General Assembly to that effect.*' 

Another reason for township divisions appears in an act passed in 
1713 — twenty years later. The purpose of this act was to enable coun- 
ties to erect and repair "Court Houses and Gaols/" and contains several 
administrative features of interest, among them the following: 

"That the inhabitants of each town and precinct within each County 
shall assemble and meet together on the second Tuesday in March, 
yearly and every year at the most public place of each respective town 
and precinct, and by the majority of voices chuse two freeholders for 
every such town and precinct for the ensuing year, which freeholders so 
chosen, or the major part of them, together with the Justices of the 
Peace of each respective county . . . shall meet together [at places 
stated, in Somerset] at the most convenient place the freeholder inhab- 
itants shall agree upon . . . and shall appoint assessors and collec- 
tors, which said assessors so named for each town and precinct shall 
meet together at the places above mentioned within each county, on or 
before the fourth Tuesday of March, yearly, to assess the inhabitants 
of each town and county equally and make a fair list of said assess- 
ments, and deliver the same to the respective collectors at or before the 
first Tuesday in April, yearly, which collectors shall deliver a true copy 
thereof to the constable of each town and precinct, who is hereby re- 
quired immediately on receipt thereof to give notices to the several inhab- 

1 In printing the foregoing and other quotations of old laws and patents in this 
article we do not follow the capitalizations and erroneous punctuation of the orig- 
inals, for reasons fully set forth in an Editorial note in the "Department of His- 
torical Notes and Comments" in this number. — Editor Quarterly. 



The Development of Townships and Township Government 249 

itants within their respective districts of the sums they are to pay, which 
sums shall be paid to each collector at or before the fourth Tuesday in 
May, yearly," etc. 

Directions respecting the procedure to be followed in cases of de- 
fault are then given, requiring the seizure and sale of property sufficient 
to pay the rates. 

I have quoted these provisions of early laws, not only for the light 
they throw on the development of township and county government, but 
also to make clear that the terms "precinct," "town" and "township" 
were used interchangeably. This usage appears in the statutes for the 
first time in 1709. In many subsequent acts four words were fre- 
quently coupled together as practically equivalent, i. e., "town, division, 
precinct, or district." The term "town" as used in New England and New 
York was used many times as above, but the word township finally dis- 
placed all other terms in this State, and it may very well be that few of 
our readers are aware that once "town" was used in New Jersey for and 
instead of township, or that the term "precinct" was ever in general use 
in Somerset. 

So far as I know no county in East Jersey except Somerset was 
ever divided into precincts ; and none in West Jersey, except Cumberland 
and Sussex, where provision was made for their division into precincts at 
the time of their erection, the former in 1747, and the latter in 1753. 
Sussex, however, was partly in East Jersey and partly in West Jersey, 
though from 1708 to 1747 its territory was considered a part of West 
Jersey. 

Respecting Somerset's precincts the evidence is positive, though the 
records are quite indefinite. 

An act of 1716 states that at that time Somerset had not been sub- 
divided, i. e., it was still considered as one township. The first refer- 
ence I have found in any law indicating that it had been divided is in 
an act of 1727, which provided for the erection of a bridge over the 
Bound Brook on a road provided for in an act of 1704 to be laid out 
"along the road [to and through Somerset] to the north branch of the 
Raritan river" from Piscataway in Middlesex, in which act it is stated 
that the bridge should be constructed at the "equal expense of the 
county of Middlesex and the two upper precincts of the county of Som- 
erset." A later act (1730), providing for the location of this bridge on 
better ground, placed one-third the cost on Middlesex and two-thirds on 
Somerset, but made no mention of precincts. I was inclined to think 
at first that this bridge was upon the King's Road, to be mentioned later. 
but now am convinced that it was a road leading into Bound Brook from 
the east. 



250 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

This mention of the "two upper precincts of Somerset," and the 
fact, for which evidence will be given later, that there were two precincts 
south of the Raritan, leads naturally to the conclusion that a division had 
been made into four precincts. The names of three are known, i. e., the 
Northern, the Eastern and the Western. Respecting the name of the 
fourth precinct we are in doubt. Nor have we as yet evidence of the 
authority by which the division was made. 

If Somerset were divided into precincts by legislative act, I have 
found a clue to a possible date in the "Journal of the Governor and 
Council," where, under the date of April 6, 1727, we read that the Gov- 
ernor, William Burnet, "laid before the board a bill entituled an Act for 
dividing some countys into townships and townships into divisions 
or precincts which was brought to him by the House of Representa- 
tives by Mr. Nickel and Mr. Wright for the concurrence of this Board." 
The bill was read and laid upon the table for further consideration. 
(Archives, Vol. XIV, p. 2j). No further mention of this bill appears in 
the "Journal," but, having been brought in as passed by the House, it 
would need to be disposed of in some way. Nelson, in his digest of legis- 
lation, states that the minutes of several sessions of the Board are missing. 
If the bill passed and was approved, action must have been taken shortly 
after the time mentioned, i. e., during the spring of 1722. 

One other possible method of dividing our county remains to be 
considered. In Lee's "New Jersey as a Colony and as a State," (pp. 
273-276) there is a discussion of the methods by which township divi- 
sions were made and towmship boundaries determined. Lee states that 
the Courts were given authority to confirm divisions made by the Jus- 
tices of the Peace, and this method may have been pursued in dividing 
Somerset into four precincts ; but the lack of Court records in the mat- 
ter still leaves us in doubt. It would seem to be proved that at some time 
between 1716 and 1727 the division as set forth above was made. It was 
evidently looked upon as temporary, and was later superceded by town- 
ship divisions. 

In addition to the two methods above mentioned of effecting the 
divisions of counties, there was another which came to be looked upon 
as of especial dignity and authority: that by Royal patent under the great 
seal of the Province and with the approval of the Governor. While 
Royal patents were autocratic rather than democratic, they were no 
doubt issued in response to petitions by the inhabitants, and had their 
special value as evidences of the willingness of the Crown to graciously 
yield to their humble entreaty. On at least three occasions the Crown 
acted in behalf of the people of Somerset. 

The first township in New Jersey to be erected by Royal patent was 



The Development of Townships and Township Government 251 

Amwell, its patent being granted by Queen Anne, dated June 8, 1708. 
As described therein the eastern boundary of Amwell was the eastern 
boundary of West Jersey and formed also the entire western boundary 
of Somerset from the falls of the Lamington southward to the point 
where Middlesex, Somerset and Burlington came together just south of 
the present borough of Princeton; for Amwell was then a part of Bur- 
lington, Hunterdon not having been erected until March, 1713-' 14. 

The township of Reading (now Readington) was patented under 
date of April 4, 1749, out of the north-eastern portion of Amwell. On the 
same date a patent was issued for the township of Bridgewater in Somer- 
set, and another for the township of Bedminster. The third Somerset 
township erected by Royal patent was that of "Bernardston," its date be- 
ing eleven years later, May 24, 1760. These three townships as thus con- 
stituted comprised all the territory of the Northern Precinct, the Eastern 
and Western Precincts, as mentioned above, continuing to comprise the 
remaining territory of the county for many years. 

The patent for the township of Bridgewater was copied by Dr. Mes- 
sier and printed in connection with other historical matter prepared by 
him respecting the township in SnelFs "History of Hunterdon and Som- 
erset Counties" (page 659). It is there stated that "this charter, written 
on parchment, was in the possession of the township clerk until within 
about two years, but is now missing" (1880 — Snell's work was published 
in 1881.) He also stated, though incorrectly, that "it is without doubt the 
only official letter patent for the formation of any township in the county 
of Somerset of which any record is kept." He further says (page 709) 
that "the books and papers of the township of Bedminster were burned 
about 1845 m a 6 re t nat destroyed the residence of Aaron Longstrect, of 
Lamington, then township clerk." Pie further argues correctly that this 
charter evidently "bore date about the same time as that of the Township 
of Bridgewater," for the two patents were issued the same day. Respect- 
ing Bernards the statement is made (page 740) that "the records of the 
township itself are lacking for nearly a hundred years of its corporate ex- 
istence, having been destroyed by fire at Basking Ridge in 1850." He again 
argues correctly that Bernards township must have been organized be- 
tween 1758 and 1763, the former being the date on which Francis Bernard 
became Governor of the state, and the latter the first known mention of 
"'Bemardston." This appears in the record book of the Presbyterian 
Church of Basking Ridge, said record book being opened when Samuel 
Brown had left to the Trustees a legacy (see Quarterly, Vol. 2. p. 103). 
It is unfortunate, indeed, that these charters were kept with so little care 
and were thus allowed to be destroyed. No official copy of either remains 



252 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

in the county. They were copied for me from the records in the office of 
the Secretary of State in Trenton. 

In order to give full information respecting the character of a Royal 
charter, or patent, and to make available all the evidence these Patents 
contain, I quote in full that of Bridgewater township, and also so much of 
those establishing Bedminster and Bernards townships as sets forth their 
boundaries. With the exception of the boundaries, the date of issue, etc., 
the three Patents are all of the same general form. 

"PATENT OF BRIDGEWATER TOWNSHIP 

"George the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France 
and Ireland, King, Defender of the faith, etc., to all to whom these 
presents shall come, GREETING: Know that we of our especial grace, 
certain knowledge and mere motion have given and granted, and by 
these presents do give and grant for us our heirs and successors to the 
inhabitants of the southernmost part of the Northern Precinct of our 
County of Somerset in our Province of New Jersey within the following 
boundaries to wit: Beginning at the mouth of Bound Brook where it 
empties into Raritan; thence up the said Bound Brook to the mouth of 
Green Brook; thence up the said brook to King's Road at Lawrence 
Ruth's mill ; thence northerly up the said road to the top of the Second 
Mountain; thence westerly along the top of the said mountain to the 
Gap by Jacob Brewer; thence down the said Gap to Chamber's Brook 
by McDonald's Mill ; thence down the said brook to the North Branch ; 
thence up the said branch to Laomatong to the Division Line between 
East and West Jersey; thence along said line to the South Branch of 
Raritan River; thence up said branch to the mouth of the North Branch 
of said river ; thence down the said Raritan to the place where it began. 
To be and remain a perpetual towmship and community, in word and in 
deed, to be called and known by the name of the Township of Bridge- 
water. And we further grant to the Inhabitants of the township afore- 
said and their successors, to choose annually a constable, overseers of 
the poor, and overseers of the highways for the township aforesaid, 
and to enjoy all the privileges, rights, liberties and immunities that any 
other township in our said Province do or may of right enjoy, and the 
said inhabitants are hereby constituted and appointed a Township by the 
name aforesaid: To have, hold and enjoy the privileges aforesaid to 
them and their successors forever. 

"In testimony whereof we have caused these Letters to be made Pat- 
ent and the Great Seal of our said Province of New Jersey to be 
hereunto affixed. 

"Witness our trusty and well-beloved Jonathan Belcher. Esq., our 
Captain-General and Governor-in-chief in and over his Majesty's Prov- 
ince of Nova Ceserea, or New Jersey, and Territories thereon depending 
in America, Chancellor and Vice-Admiral in the same, etc., at our city of 
Burlington, in our said Province, the fourth day of April in the twenty- 
second year of our Reign, Anno Dom MDCCXL1X. 

[Signed] "Rkad. 



The Development of Townships and Township Government 253 

"Let the Great Seal of the Province of New Jersey be affixed to the 
within Letters Patent. 

"To the Secretary of the Province of New Jersey. 

"J. Belcher." 

It will be readily seen that this Patent embraces all the land now com- 
prised within the bounds of Bridgewater and Branchburg townships, and 
that it was set off from what had previously been designated the Northern 
IPrecinct of Somerset. 

On the same date, April 4, 1749, a patent was issued for the township 
'of Bedminster of like form, except as to the boundaries, which are thus 
stated : 

"Beginning at the mouth of a Brook known by the name of Cham- 
ber's brook; from thence up the said brook to Mr. Daniel's [Mc- 
Donald's] mill standing at the northwest end of the First mountain; 
from thence up a small branch of said brook to the Second mountain, 
and along by the west corner of Jacob Brewer's house ; and from said 
house running along a straight line to the mouth of Mine Brook, where 
it empties itself into the north branch of Raritan River; then up the 
said branch to the line of Morris county; from thence along the said 
line to the Falls of Laomatong; from thence down said Laomatong 
River, as the stream runs, until it meets the north branch, and down 
said north branch to the mouth of said Chamber's Brook, where it first 
began." 

It will be seen that these are almost exactly the boundaries of the 
present township of Bedminster, there being only a slight variation along 
the eastern border, the line now following a small brook to the North 
Branch, instead of continuing in a straight line to the mouth of the 
Mine Brook. 

What remained of the upper precincts probably continued to be 
designated as before until May 24, 1760, when the Township of "Ber- 
nardston" was erected, also by Royal patent, although in this case the 
Precinct is not mentioned, only that it was the northerly part of Somer- 
set County. Here also I quote the description of boundaries only: 

"Bounded northerly by Morris county, easterly by Essex county, 
southerly by Bridgewater township, and westerly by the township of Bed- 
minster, to be and remain a perpetual township and community in word 
and in deed to be called and known by the name of Bernardston. saving 
to the borough of Elizabeth their rights respecting town matters, where 
the bounds of said borough incloses any part of the township hereby 
erected, except the assessing and levying the provincial taxes." 

It will be noted that while Essex county was said to be the eastern 
boundary, Morris County shared that distinction, for then as now Mor- 
ris extended along Somerset's eastern border as far as the Passaic 



254 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

forms the line of division. Essex formed in reality the southeastern 
boundary, and Bridgewater the southwestern boundary. As originally 
constituted "Bernardston" — later Bernard, and now Bernards — included 
practically all the territory comprised within the present townships of 
Bernards, Warren and North Plainfield. What rights the borough of 
Elizabeth then claimed in this territory cannot be positively stated. They 
may possibly have been those involved in the controversy that was waged 
for so many years respecting the title to lands given by Governor Nich- 
ols before Berkeley and Carteret took possession of the Province, and 
was a basis of litigation in the famous suit known as the Elizabethtown 
Bill in Chancery. 

Next I shall discuss the division of the southern part of the County 
into townships and the further division of the three northern townships. 

[To be Continued] 

igFt <&k t0* ^7* 

COL. PETEE D. VROOM, THE REVOLUTIONARY OFFICER 

BY THE LATE HON. GARRET D. W. VROOM 

The first person of the name of Vroom who settled in New Jersey was 
Hendrick Corsen Vroom. He was born on Long Island and was the son 
of Cornelius Petersen (Vroom), b. about 1611, who came from Lang- 
eraer, Holland, and settled on Long Island about 1638, and married 
Tryntje Hendricks. His brothers Cornelius Corsen Vroom and Peter 
Corsen Vroom dropped the name of Vroom and retained the surname of 
Corsen, and their descendants are numerous on Long Island and in New 
Jersey. 

Hendrick Corsen Vroom was baptized November 20, 1653. He 
married Josina Pietersen Van Neste, daughter of Peter Van Neste, of 
Brooklyn, and Judith Rapelje, a granddaughter of Joris Jansen Rapelje. 
He settled along the Raritan in Somerset County. His son, Hendrick 
Vroom married Janet je Hansen Bergen. His children were, Hendrick, 
John, Peter, George, Sara, Maritje and Bradice. He married a second 
time Dortie Dumont, a widow. 

George (or Joris) Vroom married Garret je DuMont, daughter of 
Peter DuMont and Jannetje Veghte, and had three children : Hen- 
drick, Peter Dumont, and Jannetje. He died in 1756. 

Colonel Peter Dumont Vroom, the second son of George, was in his 
time one of the most prominent citizens of Somerset. He was born on 
the 27th of January, 1745, (old style). In his early life he lived in the 
city of New York, whence he came to live on the Raritan river, near 
the junction of the north and south branches. He was an officer of 



Col. Peter D. Vroom, the Revolutionary Officer 255 

militia before the Revolution, and one of the few who raised the first 
military company in the county of Somerset, when it became apparent 
that hostilities with England could not long be delayed The meeting 
to organize was held on May 3, 1775, at the home of Garret Garretson in 
Hillsborough township. The citizens at this meeting determined to elect 
officers for the several companies represented, when for the Hillsborough 
Company the following were elected: John Ten Eyck, Captain; Peter 
D. Vroom, Lieutenant; Jacobus Quick, Second Lieutenants. The pro- 
ceeding of this meeting are preserved in full in the "Appendix" to Dr. 
Messler's "History of Somerset County." 

Colonel Vroom was subsequently promoted to a Captaincy, and on 
June 6, 1777, was elected First Major of the 2nd Battalion of Somerset 
Militia, and on September 9, 1777, Lieutenant-Colonel. He served with 
the Militia under General Philemon Dickinson during the War. He took 
part in the Battle of Germantown, where he was wounded and his Lieu- 
tenant, John Brokaw, killed. 

The public life of Colonel Vroom did not end with the Revolutionary 
War, for in 1774 he was elected High Sheriff of the County of Somerset; 
in 1784 he was elected Clerk of the Common Pleas (the County Clerk) by 
the joint meeting of the Legislature. In 1790 he was elected a member of 
the General Assembly, and re-elected in 1792, 1794, and from then on until 
1798. From 1798 to 1804 he was a member of the Legislative Council, 
and again a member of Assembly in 1813. 

In the year 1800 he was nominated on the Federal Republican ticket 
for Congress, his colleagues on the ticket being Aaron Ogden, William 
Coxe, Jr., James H. Imlay and Franklin Davenport. The proceedings of 
the meeting which placed these gentlemen in nomination were printed with 
the address to the Federal Republicans of New Jersey. This address was 
written by William Griffith, and is strong in its advocacy of the principles 
of the Federal party. Of the importance of the then pending election it 
says : "The Seventh Congress is now to be chosen, and the great question 
again submitted to us, whether to continue our government in the hands of 
men opposed to untried theories and dangerous innovations, and attached 
to the existing order of things, or whether we will abandon it to the direc- 
tion of those, whose conduct, whose writings, whose views, are revolu- 
tionary, to men who plainly tell us 'that they mean to change the entire face 
of things in the country.' " The Jefferson ticket, however, was successful, 
the Federalists not securing a majority again in the State, excepting one 
year, 1813, during the second war with Great Britain, when Colonel Aaron 
Ogden was elected Governor. Colonel Vroom was elected in that year for 
the last time a member of the General Assembly from Somerset County. 



256 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Colonel Vroom for many years, beginning with 1787, filled the office of 
justice of the peace and was also made Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas for Somerset in 1788. In addition to farming, he devoted much time 
to surveying and conveyancing, and in the early days of Somerset he 
transacted almost all of the business of surveying and conveyancing in his 
neighborhood. He was for many years an elder in the Reformed Dutch 
Church at Somerville, and was ever active in promoting the interests and 
welfare of the church, 

After a long and eventful life he died November 17, 183 1, in the eigh- 
ty-seventh year of his age. 

On the first of June, 1755, Colonel Vroom had married Elsie Eogart, 
a daughter of Guysbert Bogart, of Somerset, and by her he had three sons 
and several daughters. The eldest son was Guysbert Bogart Vroom. He 
early went to New York City, was engaged in the banking business and 
died suddenly in 1832. The second son, John Vroom, studied medicine, re- 
ceived his degree but never practiced. Peter Dumont Vroom, junior, the 
third son, was born at the old Homestead on the Raritan on the twelfth day 
of December, 1791- He was the Governor. 

[Editor's Note. — The foregoing is published by the courtesy of the late Judge 
Vroom's daughter, Gertruda G. Vroom, who is in possession of the original. A few 
dates and facts have been added by her and by the Editor. We may add that the late 
Hon. FYances E. Woodruff, of Morristown, in a brief record of "The Courscns of 
Sussex County," states that the Vroom family was founded at Haarlem, Holland, 
by one Hendrick Vroom, a sculptor, who had a son. Cornelis, a sculptor, and that his 
son was Hendrick, a marine painter of note, b. 1566 and d. 1640; and his researches 
led to the belief that originally the name was Courser., and that the family was of 
French Huguenot stock, taking refuge in Holland. His view was that "Vroom" or 
"de Vroome," meaning "the Pious," was attached in Holland]. 



FRANKLIN TOWNSHIP HISTORICAL NOTES 

BY THE LATE JUDGE RALPH V00RHEES, IN lS/4~'j6 

[Continued from Page iSS] 

About two hundred yards south of the Stryker house, in 1766, was 
the house of Peter Pumyea, standing on the site of the one where E. L. 
Cushman now resides. Connected with it were eight acres of land, which 
at an early day were included in the three hundred acre Stryker tract. He 
was a French Huguenot, came from France, married Ida, a daughter oi 
Ryke Suydam, the first settler on the property now owned and resided 
on by Peter A. Voorhees at Pleasant Plains. 

Peter Pumyea settled at Six-Mile Run previous to 1735. His children 
were: Isaac, born 1763; Anne, born 1764, married Ephraim Van Tine; 
John, born 1766; Peter, born 1768, married a daughter of Capt. Simon 



Franklin Township Historical Notes 257 

Addis; Sarah, born 1769, married Luke Stryker; Johannes, called John, 
born 1771, married Jane Williamson; Margretie, born 1774; Elizabeth, 
born 1779, married Cornelius Hulick; Abraham, b. 1782, lived and died 
single; Ida, born , married George Williamson. 

John had children : Agnes, who married Frederick Van Liew ; Peter 
married Ann Berrian ; Ida married Abram J. Suydam ; William married 
Sarah Ann Tunison, both living ; Ann married Dr. Neilson Stryker ; John 
died single; Isaac married Catharine Van Dyke, both living; Mary, who 
married Moore Baker, both of whom are living on the Johannes Stothoff 
homestead at Franklin Park. 

Peter, who married Sarah Addis, had a son Peter, who married Cath- 
arine Sarah Stryker and removed to the West about 1835 and died there. 
She survives and lives at Fairview, Fulton co., III. 

Adjoining the land of Peter Pumyea on the west, in 1766, was the 
house of John Manley. StJmirttrig Dn a lot of ten acres, belonging formerly 
to the tract owned by Elbert Stothoff. Flis wife Gaertie was a daughter 
of Adrian Hagaman. In about the year 1800 he was the keeper of the 
Middlesex County gaol. He was the father of Richard Manley who mar- 
ried, first, Jane, daughter of Garret Voorhees of Middlebush; second, 

Jane, widow of Van Deventer, who survives him, and lives on 

Somerset street, New Brunswick. Richard commenced business on Neil- 
son street at the commencement of the present century as a hatter, and 
afterwards as a stove dealer, by which, with industrial and economical 
habits he became one of the most wealthy citizens of the place. He had 
brothers Aaron and John, and a twin sister Sarah, the wife of Henry 
Hagaman, whose children were : John, of New street, late deceased, and 
' Jesse F., merchant of the firm of Hagaman & Van Cleef, Church street, 
New Brunswick. 

Adjoining the Stryker farm on the west, and nearly opposite to where 
the old Somerset Court House formerly stood, in 1766, was the house of 
Wilhelmus Stothoff, son of Garret, and grandson of Elbersen Stothoff, 
who came to this country and settled at Flatlands, L. I., in 1637. Elbert, 
Sr., was a valuable citizen, an elder in the church at Flatlands, and one of 
several commissioners appointed with Jaques Cortelyou, a prominent 
surveyor, to settle an old dispute relating to a certain boundary line be- 
tween New Brunswick and Newton. 

Elbert Stothoff, the father of Wilhelmus, and son of Elbert the first, 
came from Long Island in about 1720, purchased of Peter and James 
Cortelyou the said 300 acres of land, being a part of lot No. 8 of the 
Harrison tract, and settled on it. He afterwards added fifty acres to the 
original tract. Fie was an active member in the church of Six-Mile Run. 
He sold several lots of land bordering on the Court House in front of his 

17 



258 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

residence, one to John Harrison the great land owner, who had doubtless 
intended to build and reside at the county seat, had he not died the next 
year after the purchase of it. Previous to the burning of the Court House 
in 1737, Isaac Van Zant and a widow, Gretie Vleet, owned lots and resided 
on them. The buildings have all disappeared and the land is now owned 
by Peter Stothoff, Jr. 

Wilhelmus was succeeded by his son Peter, who was born in 1746 
and died in 1826. He married, first, Ann Cortelyou; had children: Cath- 
arine, who married Barent Cornell ; Johanna, Dr. Isaac Ogclen ; and Maria, 
John Staats; second, Juda, born 1764, d. 1847. She was a daughter of 
Peter and Tine Sutphen of North Branch. Their child was : Peter, 
born i8o^"wBo~itTarried Eliza Ann, daughter of Peter and Lucy Quick 
of Ten-Mile Run, born 1806, died 1832, aged 26 years ; had one child, Eliza 
Ellen, who died in 1843, a § e( I I2 years. He married second, Eliza Ann, 
daughter of James Howell and widow of John Garretson ; their children 
are Judith Ann, who married Charles B. Wyckoff and lives at Brooklyn ; 
John Himrod, who married Ella Voorhees, daughter of Garret S. Voor- 
hees of Harlingen; Sarah, now living with her parents; and Maria, born 
March, 1852, and died December, 1859. John and Ella, with their family, 
live with his father on the homestead and conduct the farming operations. 
The homestead has been owned by the Cortelyous: Elbert, Wilhelmus, 
Peter Stothoff the first, and now by Peter the second residing on it. 

Peter the first was a quiet citizen, a firm friend of the church, and his 
pastor Doctor Cannon, in preaching at his funeral remarked, "He was a 
meek, humble, and quiet Christian. Some Christians will blow the trumpet 
of their own praise until they may be heard to the farthest end of the 
gospel street, but he was not such an one. He was a meek, humble, and 
quiet Christian, one who never made much noise in the world." 

Dr. Cannon was distinguished for his many peculiar and wise say- 
ings. A certain member of his congregation made a profession of his 
faith, and was received as a member in communion, the doctor being satis- 
fied that he had experienced a change of heart, and what he called spiritual 
regeneration, but who, unfortunately, possessed such a temper and dis- 
position as to prevent him from living peaceably with his neighbors, and 
on account of which many of them pronounced him a bad man. The 
doctor still believed that his heart was right, it being the remains of his 
natural depravity. In preaching his funeral sermon, and in referring to 
the deceased, the doctor used the following language: "He was a man 
clothed with infirmities, but we believe that he had the root of the matter 
within him, and that he will stand in glory, — while many who have made 
light of his religion will stand afar off." All mouths were immediatelv 



Franklin Toivnship Historical Xotes 



259 



stopped, and his ashes have ever since that day been permitted to rest in 
peace. 

The 300 acre Stothoff tract was divided, and in 1766 about two hun- 
dred yards west of the former, where Moore Baker now lives, was the 
house of Johannes, or John Stothoff, a son of Elbert the second. John 
was succeeded on the property by his son or grandson Elbert, who married, 
first, Nelly, a daughter of Peter Nevius of South Branch ; second, Catha- 
rine Slover of Six-Mile Run. They had no children. He was a Captain 
in the militia, and fond of relating what he had seen and done in the 
Revolution ; that he was at the battle of Monmouth, and on that extremely 
hot day sat by the side of Washington on the root of a shady tree, having 
conversation with him; and how at the battle of Springfield the General 
asked him to read a psalm after which the General made a prayer. 

The Captain was President of the Franklin and Georgetown Turnpike 
Company, in which he took a very active part at its formation and during 
its existence. 

Adjoining the Stothoff property at its southern corner in 1766 was 
the second church building of the congregation of Six-Mile Run. The 
precise year when it was built was not known. The old one standing in the 
grave yard at the brook was not noticed in the survey of 1765, although 
it stood by the side of the road. It may have been taken down sometime 
previous to that date. 

The second church stood where the present one stands ; in form it was 
similar to the second Dutch church of New Brunswick, a draft of which 
is given in Steele's "Centennial;" while that was built of stone, this was a 
wooden building enclosed with shingles and painted red, with a white 
front, the roof terminating in the centre, on which was a low steeple hav- 
ing a cock for the vane, through which in the Revolution a British soldier 
standing on Gifford's Tavern stoop across the road, fired a musket ball ; 
and through the opening made by the passage of the ball daylight might 
be clearly seen. To it the writer's attention was often attracted when he 
was a boy. 

The vane appears the only relic of the old church that has been pre- 
served. It was taken and put up on an out-building of Abraham Cortelyou 
at Ten-Mile Run, and may be seen at the same place now, in the possession 
of his son Isaac, with the same opening through which the ball passed. 

A pleasing and interesting scene was witnessed at the raising of the 
present church building in 1817, which should not be passed by unnoticed. 
The frame was prepared in a grove about 200 yards south of the place 
where it was to be raised, the south main plate of which was carried by a 
number of young ladies of the congergation, all attired in white, each 
carrying a parasol in one hand, and laid bv them at the foundation above 



260 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

which it was to be raised to its place in the building. Eliza Scott, widow 
of Abraham Williamson, now residing at Franklin Park, was one of the 
number. 

A few yards east of Six-Mile Run church in 1766 was the tavern of 
the Widow Wood; and about the same distance to the south, that of 
Joseph GirTord, whose history will be given in a future number. 

Opposite the house of Daniel D. Stelle, and on the Somerset side of 
the old road, was a tavern kept by Adrian Manley, afterwards by a Mer- 
shon, and lastly by a Widow Selover. In about the year 18 10 the prop- 
erty was purchased by Dr. Ferdinand S. Schenck, who purchased adjoin- 
ing lands until he obtained a good-sized farm. In 1818 he took down the 
old tavern-house in which he resided for a short time, and built the one 
in which Daniel D. Stelle now resides, and the outbuildings. The Doc- 
tor, a short time before his death, enlarged and modernized the dwelling 
house and brought it to the condition in which it is now seen. The Doc- 
tor was the only surviving son of Sheriff Martin Schenck, of Millstone, 
Somerset county, and great-great-great-great-grandson of Jan or John 
Schenck, who came from Holland, settled at Flatlands, L. I., in 1650. 
and who built a mill there, some of the remains of which are still to 
be seen. 

Dr. Schenck was born Feb. 11, 1790, and died May 16, i860; mar- 
ried, Dec. 19, 18 1 7, Leah, a daughter of Martin Voorhees and Elsha 
Van Dyke, of Harlingen. Leah died June 22, 1857. Their children 
were : 

First. Martin Luther, born Nov. 19th, 1818; married, first, Sept. 
20th, 1842, Jane Cockburn, of Ulster County, N. Y. ; second, Abigail 
Van Derveer, of New Brunswick. He was a minister of the Gospel of 
the Reformed Church, and died suddenly March nth, 1873, while sta- 
tioned at Plattekill. 

Second. Alice, born June 5, 1820; married Ansley D. White, a min- 
ister of the Presbyterian Church, and resides in Trenton. 

Third. Margaret, born April 21st, 1822; married, Sept 17, 1845, 
Garret Nevius, a farmer, and lives at Pleasant Plains. 

Fourth. John V., born Nov. 17, 1825; married, July 6, 1857, to 
Mattie McKeen, of Philadelphia, and is a practicing physician in Cam- 
den, N. J. 

Fifth. Sarah, born Feb. 23, 1827; d. Sept. 18, 1830. 

Sixth. Garret C, born Dec. n, 1S29; practiced law in Newark, N. 
J. ; died at his father's, Jan. 14, 1859. 

Seventh. Adrian V. S., born July 5, 1833; married, Sept. 9, 1S58, 
Elizabeth Godfrey, of Southport, Connecticut; practiced law in Newark; 
died Aug. 16, 1863. 



Franklin Township Historical Notes 261 

Eighth. Ferdinand S., born May 26th, 1835 ; a student of medicine ; 
died at his father's Dec. 15, 1855. 

Ninth. Peter V., born May 23, 1838; married Oct. 22, 1867, to An- 
nie McCune, of St. Louis ; is a practicing physician in that city. 

Dr. Schenck, Sr., besides attending to an extensive practice as a physi- 
cian, conducted the affairs connected with his farm at Six-Mile Run with 
great success, being the first in that section to introduce new modes of 
cultivation, and of applying modern fertilizers for the renovation of worn- 
out land, thereby stimulating his neighbors to follow his example. John G. 
Voorhees, his next neighbor, deceased, and Peter Stothoff, still living at 
Franklin Park, were the first to copy this example of progress and improve- 
ment. Dr. Schenck was among the first w r ho planted orchards and raised 
peaches in which his efforts were attended with great success and profit. 
His orchards were large and well cultivated. His example was followed 
by his neighbors to such an extent that it was estimated that twenty thou- 
sand dollars was brought into the congregation of Six-Mile Run from the 
sale of peaches annually. The reputation of the farm has been well sus- 
tained by its present owner, Daniel D. Stelle. The Doctor was also a 
friend of the Church and kindred institutions, and among its best sup- 
porters. As a citizen he was much esteemed, enjoying the confidence of 
the public, and by them had many important trusts committed to his care. 
He was elected and served as member of Congress i833-'3/. He was ap- 
pointed one of the delegates who framed the new Constitution of the State 
in 1844. Fie was also one of the Judges of the Court of Errors and Ap- 
peals. He was a good scholar, though having no opportunities for educa- 
tion beyond those afforded at the common school at the commencement of 
the present century in which he made rapid improvement. He was one 
of a number of young men who belonged to an interesting debating so- 
ciety established at Millstone in 1804. doubtless the first one formed in 
the County, of which Theodore Frelinghuysen was President. In a short 
time debating societies were formed in almost every neighborhood through- 
out the County. 

Among the members attending this society at Millstone were Freder- 
ick, the father of Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, the present Senator ; Isaac 
Wyckoff, afterwards a D. D. ; William McKissack, M. D., Dr. F. S. 
Schenck and others, who became interesting and effective speakers. Many 
of these societies founded neighborhood circulating libraries, from which 
the members were much aided in making preparations for coming debates, 
which were well attended by all classes. 

By such means Dr. Schenck acquired much knowledge and became an 
interesting and able debator. He was an admirer and reader of the "Fed- 
eralist," a work which contained the writings and sentiments of some of 



262 



Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



the leading and wisest statesmen of that day, and quoted largely from them 
in discussing national questions ; and it was remarked that his arguments in 
the Millstone debates would compare favorably with those advanced by 
members in Congress on the same national questions. 

In 1820 the societies of Six-Mile Run, Pleasant Plains and Middle- 
bush united in delivering original addresses and debating questions at 
Pleasant Plains, where <Rev. Dr. Cannon resided. The latter took a great 
interest in their exercises, and presided at their meetings, encouraging 
and stimulating the speakers to greater exertions. Afterwards, while Pro- 
fessor in"Rutgers College, to the close of his life he would often speak to his 
students of the efforts made by those young men in the country to improve 
their minds by such means, preparing them for greater usefulness in after 
life. Some of them were called to represent constituencies in the Legisla- 
ture of their State, and in Congress. 

In 1822, '23 and '24, the united societies led in celebrating the Fourth 
of July at Six-Mile Run. In 1822 Dr. Schenck delivered an able oration 
abounding in patriotic sentiment. In 1823 Major Jerome Rapelye was the 
orator, and in 1824 the oration was delivered by another member of the 
society, at which, as formerly, a procession was formed in an adjacent 
grove and proceeded to the church in the following order : The officer of 
the day, and standard-bearer ; Franklin band of music ; Captain B. Haga- 
man and his rifle company in uniform; orator and reader of the Declara- 
tion of Independence ; members of the Franklin United Debating Societies, 
wearing badges ; surviving Patriots of the Revolution ; and, lastly, citizens 
generally. After a discharge of cannon by Peter Derricks, a Revolutionary 
soldier, the procession moved to the church and were seated as follows : 
The surviving patriots of the Revolution on the right from the pulpit ; the 
uniform company in front of the orator, and the young ladies attired in 
white occupied the right hand part of the gallery. After prayer by Dr. 
Cannon, the reading of the Declaration by a member of the society, music 
by the band, and after the discharge of cannon, the orator proceeded to 
sketch some of the most important events connected with the causes which 
led to the Declaration of Independence, and the sufferings, privations and 
sanguinary struggles endured by our fathers, which resulted in the estab- 
lishment of those free institutions that have descended to us a sacred in- 
heritance. 

The address to the aged patriots of the Revolution closed as follows : 
"The vale of Trenton, the heights of Princeton and the bloody plains of 
Monmouth bear testimony to your patriotism and valor. We will never 
forget your disinterested labors, your fortitude, your privations, your suf- 
ferings, for our sake. We will strive to pay you the debt of gratitude we 
owe. And when you shall have followed your departed brethren in the 



Important Corrections in the "Messier Family'' Genealogx 263 

toils of those eventful days to the blissful haven of everlasting peace, \vc 
will point your places of repose to admiring strangers and say, 'Here lie 
the fathers of our country, who fought in the War of Independence.' "' 

The military, the young ladies and the aged patriots were then ad- 
dressed separately and while standing. The exercises in the church 
having closed, the procession re-formed and returned to the grove amidst 
the discharge of cannon. 

Dinner having been prepared and served, patriotic toasts, prepared bv 
a committee appointed by the societies, aided by Dr. Cannon, correspond- 
ing in number with the thirteen original States which had composed the 
Union, were drunk, one of which was 

"The Memory of General Mercer, who fought, and bled, and died at 
Princeton — 

'Glory with all her lamps shall burn, 
And watch the warrior's sleeping clay.' " 

[To be Continued] 
t£« «5* <£* »J* 



GENEALOGY 

BY JOHN NEAFIE, NEW YORK CITY 

The late Rev. Abraham Messier, D. D., of Somerville, was much inter- 
ested in his supposed descent from Holland ancestry. In the work to 
which I shall refer it is stated that, when he was in Europe in 1S54, he 
found the name "Metselaer" still existing in that country, as did his son 
Thomas D. Messier, in 1891. This was accepted as one excellent reason 
why the family originated there. Neither the good Doctor, nor, so far as 
we know, any other of his or of the general Messier family in this coun- 
try has entertained a suspicion that the family were not of Holland 
ancestry in the male line. 

Dr. Messier did not publish the results of his investigations into his 
line of descent, but a synopsis was published in 18S9 by his son, the late 
Thomas Doremus Messier, of Pittsburgh (a distinguished railway official 
of the Pennsylvania R. R. and President of various connecting subsidiary 
Hnes), in Vol. 4 of the "American Ancestry" (Albany, Munsell Sons. p. 
161). Therein it is stated that Jan Adamsen, of New Amsterdam, who 
was certainly a Messier ancestor, was the son of a Teunis Thotnassen 
"Metselaer," who came from Holland about 164 1 and married Belitje 
Jacobs. Why the incongruity of the assumption was not noticed does 
not appear. That Jan Adamsen was the son of an "Adam" somebody 



IMPORTANT CORRECTIONS IN THE "MESSIER FAMILY" 



264 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

should have been evident to anyone possessing a knowledge of Holland 
names. 

Fourteen years later (1903), after the death of Thomas D. Messier, 
his son, Remsen Varick Messier, a talented young attorney, also of Pitts- 
burgh, taking the material prepared by his grandfather and father, and 
making some investigations of his own, published a small but well-printed 
work entitled "A Genealogical Record of the Messier (Metselaer) Fam- 
ily," without, however, an index, as all such volumes should possess. Soon 
after this volume appeared this young author died, and so, unfortunately, 
the present notice of the errors and omissions in his book cannot meet 
his eye. It seems proper, however, in the interest of facts and for the 
information of the rather large family concerned, to state wherein there 
are substantial defects in this latest Messier record, which has been put 
in public libraries and will be supposed to be accurate. 

In this w«ork of Mr. Varick Messier, while Teunis Thomassen "Met- 
selaer" and also a Teunis Teunissen "Metselaer" are mentioned, and their 
baptized children named, the author saw distinctly enough that there was 
no reason to suppose a close relationship existed between them and Jan 
Adamsen, and this he states. But the fact that he also traces for several 
generations some of the children of both families indicates that he be- 
lieved there was a relationship between all three of these "Metselaers." 
It is, however, most improbable that there was any connection whatever 
between Jan Adamsen "Metselaer" and the Teunis "Metselaers" he 
names; or with another and unnamed one, Andries Andriessen "Met- 
selaer," who was in New Amsterdam in 1666 (as per Fernow's "Records 
of New Amsterdam," Vol. 6, p. 7), where the surname given is dis- 
tinctly stated to mean only a "mason." 

The word "Metselaer" signifies mason, and was simply a designation 
of the occupation of all these men. In Fernow's "Records" there are a 
number of references to "Teunis Teunissen" and "Teunis Thomassen" 
wherein they are mentioned as following their trade as masons, and 
without any evidence whatever that they used the designation "Metselaer" 
as a surname. As a matter of fact, Jan Adamsen is only occasionally 
noted as Jan Adamsen, "Metselaer," and is sometimes put down in the 
records as "Jan Adams," while, as is well known, the descendants of 
Teunis Thomassen assumed the surname of Quick, and the descendants / 
of Teunis Teunissen took the surname of Egbert, Egberts and Egbertsen. 
Only descendants of Jan Adamsen retained the name Metselaer, and it 
was clearly a term of occupation carried over into a surname, as so often 
happened, not only in the case of those who were of Dutch descent, but 
with persons of other nationalities of that early time. 

Another reason why Jan Adamsen was not, in any human proba- 



Important Corrections in the "Messier Family' Genealogy 265 

bility, related to the other "masons" named, is the plain one that, accord- 
ing to his own statement, he was not a Hollander. 

In the work of Mr. Varick Messier (p. 13), he says this of Jan 
Adamsen : that he "was in New Amsterdam probably in or before 1649. 
In 1650 he was a Corporal on the South River, now the Delaware River, 
and he returned to New Amsterdam in 1654, when he is said to have been 
twenty-eight years of age. This would indicate that he was born in 1626. 
His precise birthplace in Holland is not known, but he no doubt emi- 
grated from that country, where he married his wife, whose name was 
Geertje (Gertrude) Dircks. She was a member of the Dutch Church in 
New Amsterdam in 1649. Under date of June 11, 1654, he made oath to 
a declaration in New Amsterdam before Cornelius Van Ruyven, 'admitted 
Secretary in the service of the West India Company in the New Nether- 
lands,' concerning the arrival of a Swedish ship, the Captain of which 
declared she had come to seize the Fort on the South River — Fort 
Casamier. He is also mentioned as a creditor of the Colony, June 14, 
1664, for one pound sterling for powder to fill cartridges for the sloop 
'Mos,' going with soldiers to the 'Kill von Kol. ? He is also mentioned in 
the list of names of the Dutch who took the oath of allegiance to the King 
of England, October 21, 22, 24 and 25, 1664, after the surrender of 
New Amsterdam to the British forces in that year. Abraham Metselaer, 
his son, also took the oath of allegiance at the same time." Mr. Messier 
gives no references for any of these items. 

The very record of June 11, 1654, to which reference is made above, 
proves that Jan Adamsen, the head of the present Messier family in this 
country, was born at Worms (Germany), about 1626. He first appears 
in America as a soldier (a corporal) in the Dutch army at Fort Casimir, 
on the Delaware (where Newcastle, Delaware, now stands), in May, 1654. 
Evidently he had emigrated (perhaps via Holland) to New Amsterdam, 
and had joined Stuyvesant's forces which had gone to the Delaware ; but 
there is no evidence that he was in New Amsterdam in 1649. The first 
record of him is as follows: "Corporal Jan Adamse, aged 28 years, a na- 
tive of Worms. Inhabitant of Fort Casimier, sworn at New Amsterdam 
June 11, 1654, again sworn confirming the above at N. A. Mch. 16, 1655, 
regarding the Capture of the Fort by a Swedish force, in May, 1654." 
(Col. Doc. of N. Y., Vol. I, p. 605. For full particulars regarding the 
troubles on the Delaware, see pp. 583-607). The only known Worms is in 
Rhenish Hesse, in Germany. On Oct. 3, 1655, he was witness as ''Jan 
Adamszen, Metselaer," to a baptism in New Amsterdam. 

Jan is found on the church records in the year 165S, when he begins to 
have children baptised, as will be noted presently. The records of these 
baptisms indicate he was married to Geertie Dircks about 1657, and in 



266 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

New Amsterdam, not in Holland. On June 14, 1664, powder was issued 
to him to fill cartridges, and, on Sept. 4, 1664, he was to load muskets 
{Col. Doc. of N. Y., Vol. 2, pp. 468^9) . On Oct. 21-26, 1664, he took 
the oath of allegiance to Great Britain. (Ibid, Vol. 3, p. 74). On Jan. 
20, 1695, he executed a will, which was probated in New York City, Nov. 
24, 1698, (Wills, Liber 5-6, p. 271). His wife, Geertie, made her will 
June 10, 1697, which was also probated in New York City, Nov. 24, 1698, 
(Ibid, p. 272). We simply know, therefore, that both died prior to that 
date, he probably in 1697, and she in 1698. 

Mr. Messier correctly gives Jan's residence in New York City in 1665 
as Marckveltstraat (Marketfield street), but omits to state that on July 
24, 1677, he was taxed on one house in Field street (Minutes C. C. of N. 
Y., VoT. I, p. 60). There are other known facts concerning Jan Adamsen 
as giveri'in the New Amsterdam Court Records between 1656 and 1668, 
but it is not necessary to specify them here. (See Fernow's "Records" 
Index; also "Calendar of Dutch MSS. in Sec. of State's office at Albany," 
1865, Colonial Minutes, pp. i8o-'4). 

An additional, though incidental, proof as to Jan's birthplace is to be 
found in the marriage record of his son, Abraham, which reads as follows : 
"1694, June 17, Abraham van Worms, alias Metselaer, to Harmptje Dircks 
Woertman. , ' (N. Y. Gen. and Biog. Rec, Vol. I) ; the meaning of which 
is, not that Abraham personally came from Worms (we know he was bap- 
tized in New Amsterdam Mar. 22, 1671), but that his family, i. e., his 
father came from Worms, and that he had already begun to carry as an 
"alias" sttrname the designation "Metselaer," previously used to designate 
his father's occupation. 

Geertie Dircks, wife of Jan Adamsen, was from Meppel, in the prov- 
ince of Drenthe, Holland ; so that it is through her the family must make 
claim to Holland descent, and not through Jan Adamsen. This, the place 
of her Holland home, Mr. Varick Messier does not give. 

"Jan Adamsen Metselaer and Geertje Dircks, his wife, had nine 
children," says Mr. Messier (p. 16). There were really ten, the actual 
ninth child, Isaac, who was baptized in New York Apr. 15, 1674, being 
omitted. He probably died young. 

Mr. Messier states (p. 16) that Jan's son Abraham (through whom 
the Messier line descends) took the oath of allegiance in Oct., 1664, 
along with his father (p. 13) — an absurdity, because he was not born 
until 1671. Also that he had three wives, "Haantje Dircks," "Haantje 
Woertman" and "Agnietje Staats," but no dates are given. There were 
only two, as the two first named were one and the same person, the 
facts being as follows: 

Harmptje Dircks was the daughter of Dirck Janse Woertman and 



Important Corrections in the "Messier Family" Genealogy 267 

Marritje Teunisse Denyse, and was baptized in Brooklyn June 6, iffii. 
On Sept. 26, 1680, she married Thomas Willemsen Koeck (son of Wil- 
liam Koeck and Sarah Schepmos), who was bap. Apr. 14, 1658, by 
whom she probably had five children: three of them, Willem (1681), 
Dirck (1683) and Sarah (1689), being baptized in New York City. 
There were probably two others, judging from the dates intervening 
between Dirck and Sarah. Koeck died before Jan. 7, 1690, and she 
married, secondly, Sept. 13, 1691, Isaac Arentzen Van Hoeck, widower 
of Anna Opulsaer, and by him had one child., Isaac, baptized May 28, 
1692. Van Hoeck died before Nov. 15, 1693, and she married, as her 
third husband, June 17, 1694, Abraham Metselaer, who, Oct. 14, 1700, 
was sworn in as an elected constable of the Dock Ward, in New York 
City. (Manual C. C. of N. Y., Vol. 2, p. 116). 

In the census of New York, about 1703, "Abraham Mettslares'*' 
appears as an inhabitant of the Dock Ward, with a family consisting of 
two males from 16 to 60, one female, five male children, one female 
child and two negroes, which shows that two of the children, one male 
and one female, were Harmptje's by her previous marriage. (Doc. Hist. 
of New York, Vol. I, p. 405). 

Abraham must have removed, before or after marriage, to Staten 
Island, then back to New York, and then returned to Staten Island, as it 
is clear he was in New York in 1700, 1701 and 1703, although all his chil- 
dren, so far as known, were baptized on Staten Island. Harmptje 
died about 1705, as, on Feb. 7, 1706, Abraham Metselaer married, as his 
second wife, Agnietje Staats, who was, probably, the daughter of Pieter 
Janse Staats and Annetie Pieterse Prall. He probably died before June, 
17 18, as he is last found on any record June 6, 171 5, as witness to a bap- 
tism on Staten Island, and, in June, 1718, his wife appears alone at a bap- 
tism. She married, after Abraham's death, Johannes Jurcks, by whom 
she had four children, bapt. between Jan. 15, 1721, and Apr. 28, 1728. 

Mr. Varick Messier names only two children as having been born 
to Abraham Metselaer, both by his first wife "Haantje Dircks." namely, 
Johannes and Pieter, and further states that the surnames of Johannes' 

w r ife, Catryntje , is unknown, and that the surname of Pieter's 

wife, Maritje , is also unknown (p. 22). But Abraham had at 

least seven children in all, as appears from the records at Port Richmond, 
S. I., where Abraham lived after his first marriage, viz. : 

By Harmptje Dircks Woertman (Koeck, Van Hoeck) : 

1. Johannes, bapt. Dec. 16, 1694. 

2. Pieter, bapt. Feb. 7, 1697. 

3. Lodewyck, bapt. Feb. 19. 1699. 

4. Abraham, Jr., bapt. June 8, 1701. 



268 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

By Agnietje Staats : 

5. Annetje, bapt Dec. 25, 1706. 

6. Geertruy, bapt. Aug. 25, 1708. 

7. Jacobus, bapt. Apr. 19, 1715. 

There were probably others intervening between 1708 and 17 15. It 
is well-known that the records of these early times were often imperfectly 
kept, and omissions of baptisms were frequent. It is unfortunate that 
the author of "The Messier Family" work did not know of and consult 
these Port Richmond records. 

The wife of Johannes was Catryntje (known as Tryntje) Neefies, 
of Staten Island, a daughter of Cornelius Neefies and Aagtje (Agatha) 
Joris Bouman. The wife of Pieter was Metje, sister of the above 
Catryntje Neefies, who was bapt. June 20, 1700, at Port Richmond, S. 
I. Johannes was married about 1718, and Pieter about 1721. Lodewyck, 
Abraham's third child, must have grown up, for he was a witness to 
baptisms on Staten Island Aug. 30, 1719, and June 7, 1724. Of Abra- 
ham, Jr., we know that he was married at Acquackanonk, N. J., July 25, 
I 734> to Rachel Van Blerkum, a widow. Of Jacobus (James), the 
youngest child by Agnietje Staats, I have found no subsequent trace, but 
both Annetje and Geertruy grew up, as the first-named witnessed a bap- 
tism Oct. 10, 1725, and the second-named witnessed a baptism Feb. II, 
1728; in both cases at Port Richmond, S. I. 

Mr. Messier states (p. 26) that Johannes Metselaer and Catryntje had 
six children, naming them, as follows: 1, Abraham, b. "in Franklin twsp., 
Somerset Co., N. J., about 1723;" 2, Cornelius, b. in same place Dec. 1, 
l 7 2 S ; 3> Neeltje (or EfHe), b. in same place "about 1727;" 4, Hamptje, b. 
in same place "about 1728;" 5, Sarah, b. in same place "about 1729;" 
6, Pieter, bapt. May 30, 1730, at New Brunswick. The baptismal records 
of Port Richmond, S. I., where the father, Johannes, resided before coming 
to Franklin township, Somerset county, show there were seven children 
baptized there, and the one only at New Brunswick makes eight in all. 
Their correct order is not as above stated but as follows : 

1. Aaghje (the Erne — not "Neeltje"— above named), bapt. Aug. 30, 
1719. (She m. Jacob Buyse). | 1 :--c T - 

2. Abraham (twin with Aaghje), bapt. as above. 

3. Harmpje, bapt. Oct. 15, 1721. (She m. Johannes Powelse). 

4. Cornelius, bapt. July 21, 1721 ; d. in infancy. 

5. Cornelius, bapt. Dec. 26, 1725. (Dr. Messier s ancestor). 

6. Sara (twin with Cornelius), bapt. as above. (She m. Jacobus 
Stryker). 

7. Johannes, bapt. Feb. 11, 1728. 

8. Pieter, bapt. May 31, 1730, at New Brunswick. (He m., Apr. 7. 
1762, Antje Duryea). 



A Somerset Native Views a Paris Revolution 269 

Mr. Varick. Messier states that Johannes and Catryntje, "early in life, 
sometime prior to 1717, removed to the valley of the Raritan river in New 
Jersey, where he purchased a farm ... in the neighborhood of the 
present village of Middlebush" (p. 22). This seems to be true, because he 
appears in the list of members of the original Dutch church near New 
Brunswick, known as the church of "The River and Lawrence Brook" in 
1717. (Steele's "Discourse," p. 209). But that he went back soon after 
to Staten Island, where he had formerly resided (though Mr. Messier fails 
to state the place of his and of his father's residence) until about 1729.. 
the baptisms of his children prove. The records also show that, in 1715, 
he was a corporal in the North Company of the Richmond county (N. Y.) 
Militia. The evidence seems clear that no children of Johannes were born 
in Somerset county except the last, Pieter. 

Of Pieter Metselaer and Maritje, his wife, Mr. Messier states (p. 28) 
that they had only three children: 1, Jacobus, bapt. at New Brunswick 
about 1725; 2, Abraham, bapt. Nov. 4, 1727; 3, Ariantje, bapt. Oct. 10, 
1736. The actual records show the following: 

1. Marmpje, bapt. at Port Richmond, July 8, 1722. 

2. Cornelis, bapt. at Port Richmond, June 7, 1724. 

3. Aaghtje, bapt. at Port Richmond, June 26, 1726. 

4. Abraham, bapt. at New Brunswick, Nov. 4, 1728. 

5. Harreiantje, bapt at New Brunswick, Oct. 10, 1736. 
Doubtless there were other children born between 1728 and 1736, one 

of whom must have been the Jacobus named by Mr. Messier, the record 
of whose baptism, however, has not been found. It is not likely he was 
born "about 1725," as Mr. Messier states. 

Persons or libraries possessing the "Messier Family" work should 
amend the text according to the facts above presented, and the Messier 
descendants should correctly state their ancestry as to their first Ameri- 
can parents as, on the male side, German, and female side, Dutch. 

%?» «£• %?* »?» 

A SOMERSET NATIVE VIEWS A PARIS REVOLUTION 

FROM AN UNPUBLISHED LETTER 

As was stated in the last Quarterly (p. 239), John Silvester Adams 
resided at or near Liberty Corner prior to 1835, and again at Bernardsvilie 
from 1845 to J 863- During his residence there in 1852 his mother, Mrs. 
Samuel Adams, and a sister resided with him. His brother, Joseph Alex- 
ander Adams, who, when forty- years of age (in 1843) na d become famous 
as being the illustrator of the Harper Brothers' "Pictorial Bible," was 
then in Paris, and a witness of one of the "Revolutions" for which that 



270 



Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



city was famous. The time was just preceding the "Second Empire" of 
the Bourbons under Louis Bonaparte. His letter, addressed to his moth- 
er, brother and sister, at "Baskingridge P. O.," describing events he saw, 
contains such thrilling incidents that we are glad to publish extracts from 
it, for which privilege we are indebted to his nephew, Mr. Aaron Ward, 
of East Orange. The letter is dated "Paris, Jan. 9, 1852." 

"I wrote to you from London, July 28, which I trust you have rec'd. 
We visited the Exhibition over and over again to our heart's content, until 
about the 15th Sept, when we left London for France by railway to 
Brighton, and thence by steamer to Dieppe. We were all a little seasick. 
Dieppe is an old, pleasant town on the French seacoast; from this we 
toddled off by railway to the celebrated old city of Rouen, in Normandy, 
where we found much for the sight-seeing traveler to look at, such as 
old churches, tombs, relics and public buildings, etc. When we had seen 
all we departed by railway for Paris, and took up our old quarters in 
'Hotel Normandie, No. 240 Rue St. Honore.' 

"I suppose you have read in the newspapers, lately, of another revo- 
lution that occurred in Paris on the 2d of Dec; therefore it will be 
unnecessary for me to relate many particulars. I will mention but little 
else than what I saw myself of the matter. On the morning of the 2d 
Dec, all Paris was startled to find the streets and public places filled with 
soldiers, and proclamations on the w r alls, everywhere, announcing that the 
Assembly was dissolved, etc On the 3d a few barricades were made, 
and much excitement manifested itself in the streets ; in the evening some 
little fighting occurred. On the 4th, however, it was quite evident that 
something serious would take place. In the forenoon I took a walk in the 
Boulevart (a very long and wide street) to see what was going on. I 
saw no soldiers, but crowds of persons, in groups, etc, discussing the 
subject. I made my way nearly up to St. Denis, which crosses the Boule- 
vart; there many persons were making a very large barricade of up- 
turned omnibuses, carts, wood, stones, etc One fellow was putting up 
the French flag in the centre of it; others were thumping at the doors of 
houses, demanding arms ; some others loading their guns. Intense excite- 
ment pervaded the whole mass. It was quite evident that some terrible 
mischief was about to take place, and I thought I had better get out of 
the way. I retraced my steps down the street to the Madeleine, and then 
down to the Place Concord, being about a mile in distance. I was sur- 
prised to see no soldiers the whole of the way, and began to conclude 
they did not approve of Bonaparte's measures, and would not come out. 

"I then started for home. On the way, however, I saw a body of 
soldiers standing at ease, evidently waiting for orders. After a short 
time I ventured out again to the Boulevart by the Rue Viviennc, at the 
head of which street a single line of soldiers was stationed to prevent 
anyone from going into the Boulevart. I then went around by Rue Mont- 
martre, which crosses the Boulevart a little higher up. I found an im- 
mense body of soldiers filling the street of Boulevart, betwixt the side- 
walks, for half a mile, marching towards the barricades (there being 
about 8 or 10 of them in the neighborhood of St. Denis). Rue Mont- 
martre was crowded with people looking on; many were going in the 



A Somerset Native Views a Paris Revolution 271 

Boulevart on the sidewalks (which are very wide, being full 30 ft. in 
width), and walking up along with the soldiers. I followed on with 
them, thinking there was little danger so far from the barricades. All 
the spectators wfere without arms ; every window and balcony was 
crow r ded to the top of the houses with men, women and children. I 
continued to walk with them until within sight of the first barricade. 
Suddenly a single gun was fired in the distance ; the soldiers wheeled 
around facing us, and immediately a tremendous fire was opened on the 
barricades, and, to our astonishment, on the houses, windows, balconies 
and the people on the sidewalks, for half a mile; it ran down the line 
as quick as thought. Those persons on the sidewalk with myself at once 
turned and ran for life. 

"My first thought was to bounce in some door or through a win- 
dow, but found the doors closed and all the shutters up to the windows ; 
there was not a hole to creep in. As I ran my companions stumbled and 
fell one after another, until I ran entirely alone. Bullets struck the 
houses like hail; the musketry roared, without a moment's intermission, 
for 15 to 30 minutes, and perhaps longer. The whole street appeared 
in a blaze as far as I could see. I observed the walk to be numerously 
marked with lines like chalk marks — I suppose caused with glancing bul- 
lets fired at persons down and wounded, as I saw many persons on their 
hands and knees endeavoring to get up, but would fall again. I ran as 
close to the houses as possible in the Boulevart Poissormiere, and saw 7 
plenty of bullets striking the walls, doors and windows, only within a few 
inches of me. There were many people stretched out on the walks ; some 
I had to stride over. I thought I would not have strength to get back to 
Rue Montmartre. There was no other way for me to escape but over 
this walk, and in front of the deadly muskets, which were firing to- 
wards me and only within 30 feet of where I ran, or rather flew. How- 
ever, I gained the corner of Rue Montmartre and saw a horrid sight. 
Nearly at the head of the street the walks, as well as the street, were cov- 
ered 'with well-dressed persons, in groups and singly, stretched out with 
their feet towards the soldiers, as if they fell while running; they lay 
scattered for a long way down the street; not a living person to be seen 
running there but myself. I made another desperate effort, running some 
distance over many dead bodies ; I came near to a corner, when I was 
exhausted and walked around it out of danger. I then found my hat 
and clothes covered with plaster, which had been knocked off the houses 
by bullets. All think my escape very extraordinary : I was untouched. 

"The next morning I went over the ground to see what damage was 
done; the houses were thickly spattered with bullet marks. On one 
double door, which I had passed the preceding day, I counted 54 bullet 
marks; on each of the different window shutters there were from 10 to 
15 marks, and in that proportion all along, for nearly half a mile. There 
was cannon also placed only within 30 to 50 feet of some houses, and 
fired into them. This also occurred where I had passed. All persons 
found behind the barricades were shot or bayoneted. Many were killed 
also in their houses. 

"There is no freedom of speech or of the press at present here : one 
party can lie as much as they like, and the other doesn't dare tell the 



272 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

truth. A new election of President, for ten years, was ordered by Bona- 
parte, to take place almost immediately, amidst this terror and panic; 
no candidate was permitted to run but himself. It was arranged pur- 
posely, yes or no, whether it should be he or nobody; that is, if they did 
not say yes, they would have anarchy and civil war. As might be 
expected under such circumstances and from such wise Republicans, 
nearly n out of 12 of the voters said yes. If they had not so said then, 
I think, he would have made a terrible use of the army. 

"The French people are like a flock of sheep, that dash anywhere 
after a bold leader. The fact is, France has gone back some hundreds 
of years, and I fear it will be a long time before they regain the point 
they started at in 1848. No one stands any sort of chance to be at the 
head of Frenchmen but those who are considered some sort of a legitimate 
heir to the Crown. They believe those persons inherit more wisdom, 
virtue, etc., and are altogether of a superior race of beings. There are 
some reasons to believe that Russia, Austria and France wilt combine to 
keep down all Republican tendencies in any part of Europe by the sword 
and bayonet. Perhaps at some time they may attack us; if so. Eng- 
land, and some other countries, will undoubtedly assist us. Then look 
out, and stand from under; that half of the world will be in a blaze. 

"It is supposed that Bonaparte will keep his people quiet for some 
years, if no accident happens, as he has an army of 400,000 soldiers, and 
the police and Catholic priests to aid hirn. Some say he will likely be 
assassinated; he is evidently fearful of it, being very careful of himself 
in public. . . . 

"France at present is called a Republic, but I don't think it will 
remain so, even in name, long. In many parts of France they are tear- 
ing down the Liberty trees ; here in Paris they have just broken to 
pieces a statue of Liberty. Many other things are taking place that 
convince me that another kind of government is approaching. . . . 

"I have heard of only three Americans that were wounded — none 
killed; but many had miraculous escapes. A Mr. Sterling from Bur- 
lington, New Jersey, ran into a book store, and was soon followed by sol- 
diers, who bayoneted and killed seven or eight persons, and shot a female ; 
he told them he was an American and they spared his life." 

%5* %?* 4?* t^* 

EARLIEST AMERICAN ANCESTORS OF SOMERSET FAMILIES 

FROM, THE EDITOR'S NOTE BOOK 
[Continued from Page 196] 

Hageman. — Adriaen Hegeman came from Amsterdam about 1650 
and resided at Flatbush, L. I. He was b. about 1639 and d. April, 1672 ; 

m. Catherine . He was town clerk, auctioneer and, in 1664, county 

sheriff. His sons were Joseph, Hendricus, Jacobus (all b. in Holland), 
Abraham, Denuyse, Isaac and Benjamin. The family of Denuyse, or 
Denis (who d. 1748), settled in Somerset. Name spelled in this County 
both Hageman and Hegeman. 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 273 

Hall. — Thomas Hall came to Somerset in 1704; d. 1729; had sons 
John, Richard and George, all of whom left Somerset descendants. Thom- 
as was probably an Englishman, and may have been the same Thomas 
who came to Virginia in 1720. A Thomas Hall of New York, of 1639, 
immigrant from England, supposed by some to head this line, had no 
children. 

Hance. — John Hance, possibly from Wales, was in Dover, N. H., 
previous to 1665 ; in 1667 was a settler in Monmouth co., N. J. ; in 1669 
was overseer of a Court there; d. about Jan. 1, 1710, at Shrewsbury. 

Hardenbergh. — Jan Van Hardenbergh came to America from Hol- 
land prior to 1644; was a merchant in New Amsterdam; d. before April 
30, 1759. From his (probable) son, Gerrit Janse, the New Jersey Harden- 
berghs descend. He resided in Albany, and was living in 1696; wife was 
Jaepe Schepmoes, b. in New Amsterdam about Jan. 1, 1647. They left 
one son, "Major" Johannes, as always called, owner of the famous Hard- 
enbergh Patent of 2,000,000 acres in the State of New York. His son, 
"Colonel" Joannes, was the father of Rev. Jacob R. Hardenbergh, D. D., 
noted in Somerset annals. 

Hart. — John Hart, an Englishman, came over about 163 1 and set- 
tled iirst (probably) in Massachusetts, but later at Newtown, L. L, where 
he d. in 1671. Sons were John, William and Samuel. John settled near 
Lawrenceville, N. J., and his son "Capt." Edward was the grandfather of 
Hon. John Hart, of Hopewell, signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
whose six sons all left New Jersey after his death, but various of Hon. 
John's relatives for a time lived in Somerset and nearby counties. 

The descent of the Rev. John Hart, of Neshanic, is from another John 
Hart, who was b. at Witney, Oxfordshire, England, Nov. 16, 1651 (son 
of Christopher and Mary Hart) , and who came to America with William 
Penn in 1682, landing at New Castle, Del. He settled near Philadelphia. 
This latter Hart line may receive attention in the Quarterly later. 

Haynes-Haines. — James Haines (variably spelled) came from Eng- 
land about 1637 to Salem, Mass. ; died there about 1653 ; wife Mary . 

Sons were John, Benjamin, James, Jonathan and Thomas. Through Ben- 
jamin descend the New Jersey families of the name. 

Heath. — John Heath, b. in Stafford, England, came to America in 
1741 ; d. 1806; m. Ann Lewis. He settled near Basking Ridge, and has 
had many descendants in Somerset. 

Hedges. — William Hedges, a Puritan, came from England about 

1649; settled at Northampton, L. I.; d. 1674. Wife was Rose . 

Sons were Stephen and Isaac. Stephen, who lived to be over one hundred 
(years old, was the ancestor of the Hedges families of Somerset and Mor- 
ris counties. 
18 



274 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Henry. — Michael Henry, b. about 1683, in Scotland, went to Newry, 
Ireland, and arrived in America about 1716, and settled first at Perth Am- 
boy and then at Amwell, Hunterdon co. He d. 1760 and his wife, Jean, 
1 761. Sons were William, John, Michael, David, Daniel and Nathaniel. 
David settled in Bedminster township, Somerset county, 1751, or earlier, 
and left many important Henry descendants. A note on this family will 
appear later in the Quarterly. 

Herbert. — Sir Philip Herbert, fourth Earl of Pembroke, of Eng- 
land, was the ancestor of the New Jersey Herberts. His grandson, 
Francis, came over before 1677, settling first on Long Island, and then at 
Middletown, N. J.; m. Hannah, dau. of John Bowne, the Quaker. The 
descent of the Somerset and Middlesex Herberts is largely through 
Obadiah, son of Francis. 

Higgins. — Richard Higgins, b. in England Aug. 1, 1603, probably 
reached Plymouth, Mass., in 1623 ; returned to Europe, residing for a 
time in Holland; again reached Plymouth in 1629. He founded New 
Plymouth in 1644; m., 1632, Lydia Chandler, and, 165 1, Mary, widow 
of John Yates. He came to Piscataway, Middlesex co., about 1670, and 
d. there before 1677- Among his sons were Jonathan, Benjamin and 
Jedediah. Jedediah lived in the lower part of Somerset co., and d. about 
1715; Benjamin, who d. in 1732, also lived in Somerset. Numerous 
descendants of this family have lived in Somerset, Middlesex and Hun- 
terdon counties. 

Hiler-Hyler. — Philip Hiler came from Baden, Germany, to New 
Brunswick, about 1752, and then settled at New Germantown, Hunterdon 
co.; d. 1815. His wife, Mary Rowe, was also from Baden. Sons were 
William, Adam, Philip and Jacob. The famous Captain Adam Hyler of 
the Revolution was a brother to Philip of Baden ; he resided at New- 
Brunswick. All of the name in New Jersey are probably descended from 
this general family. 

Hoagland. — ChristofTel Hooglandt was b. in Holland in 1634 ; came 
when a young man to Amsterdam from Haarlem; d. 1684. He m., 
1661, Catrina Cregier, dau. of Capt. Martin Cregier. Sons were Dirck, 
Martin, Christopher, Francis, Jacob and Harman. Many of the Som- 
erset Hoaglands descend from this ChristofTel. 

Dirck Jansen Hoogland, b. in Maerseveen, Holland, about 1637, came 
to America in 1657, and settled soon after at Flatbush. He m., 1662, 
Annetje Hansen Bergen, dau. of Hans Hansen Bergen, who d. 1745. 
or earlier. His sons were Jan, Willem, Cornelius and Hendrick. Vari- 
ous Somerset Hoaglands descend from him. 

There was also a Coernelis Diercksen Hoochlandt (so he wrote his 
name), b. in Amsterdam in 1599, who was in New Amsterdam in 1638. 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 275 

He m. Aeltie Ariaens, dau. of Jacob Dirckscn Vogel, and d. about 1668 
in Brooklyn, leaving a son Dirck Cornelissen. There are also Somerset 
Hoaglands from this line. 

Hoffman.— John Hoffman, who d. at Readington, Hunterdon co., 
1748, and was twice married, leaving sons Henry, Frederick, John, Wil- 
liam and Jacob, descendants of whom have been very large in Hunter- 
don co., but a few of whom have resided in Somerset, is said to have 
come from Germany. Some suppose him to have been a son or grandson 
of Marten Harmanzen Hot man (or Hopman), saddler, of Revel (Swe- 
den?), who m., 1663, in Brooklyn, Lysbet Hermans, and, the next year, 
in New Amsterdam, Emmerentje DeWitt. 

Honeyman. — John Honeyman, b. at or near Armagh, Ireland, of 
Scotch parentage, came to America in 1758 as a soldier under General 
Wolfe, becoming one of his bodyguard. Settling, after the French and 
Indian War, in Philadelphia, he m. there, 1764, Mary Henry, of a 
Scotch-Irish family, from Coleraine, Ireland, who d. 1801. He settled 
near Griggstown about 1772, and was a spy of General Washington in 
the Revolution. He removed, in 1793, to Bedminster township; d. 1822, 
in his 93rd year. He m. (second), about 1804, Mrs. Elizabeth Bur- 
rows (nee Estel). Sons were John and James. All the Honeymans 
of Somerset and Hunterdon descend from him. (Full Honeyman family 
history has been published by the Editor of the Quarterly). 

Howell. — Edward Howell, b. 1584, (son of Henry) came from 
Wedon, Bucks co., England, in 1639. settling first at Boston, then Lynn, 
Mass., then Southampton, L. I. ; d. about 1665. Had two wives, Frances 

and Eleanor . Sons were Henry, John, Edward, Richard, 

Arthur and Edmund. The Howells of central New Jersey appear to 
belong to this line, chiefly through Arthur, although there were other early 
Howells in New] Jersey (e. g., David, b. about 1680, of near Trenton 
in 1702, coming there from Long Island) of uncertain connection with 
Edward, and some of their descendants have claimed Welsh descent. 

Hulsizer. — Jacob Hulshizer came from Germany before 1750, set- 
tling in Sussex (now Warren) co. ; m., in Germany, Margaret Lunger; 
d. 1819. Sons were Abraham, probably Martin and Jacob, and per- 
haps others. Left many descendants in Warren co., and a few reached 
Somerset. As a rule the name continued Hulshizer. 

Hunt. — Ralph Hunt, doubtless from England, was an early settler 
at Middelburg, L. I., about 1652, and a most useful citizen and magis- 
trate. He d. 1677. Sons were Ralph, Edward, John and Samuel. Ed- 
ward's sons, Edward and Richard, settled in Hunterdon co., but whether 
Col. Stephen Hunt, of the Revolution, and other Bedminster twsp. 
Hunts are of this stock or not the writer has not ascertained. 



2y6 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Jameson. — Colonel David Jameson, M. D., came from Scotland to 
Charleston between 1740 and 1747, his companion being General Hugh 
Mercer, who fell at the battle of Princeton. He was a graduate of Edin- 
burgh Medical College. In 1756 he was at York, Pa., and there m. Eliza- 
beth Davis. He was successively Captain, Brigade Major and, 1760, Lieut. 
Colonel, and in 1777 Colonel, serving in the Revolution. After 1790 he 
resided at Shippensburg, Pa., where he died. His youngest son, Dr. 
Thomas Jameson, who m. Catherine McClellan, was father of the late 
Rev. Charles Miller Jameson, of Somerville. 

JEROLOMAN.^-Jan Janse Jeraleman m., Aug., 1701, in New York, 
Vroutje Brouwer (dau. of Peter Brouwer, of Brooklyn). He might have 
been the son of a "J an Jerol," who, in 1659, was in New Amsterdam. Jan 
Janse was probably the ancestor of the Jerolomans of Bedminster twsp. 

Ken yon. — This family descends from the Kenyon family of Peel 
Hall, Lancashire, England, the ancestor of whom was Jordan de Lanton, 
Lord of Kenyon (121CV72). John Kenyon, of Rhode Island in 1695, had a 
brother James. One of these brothers (probably James) had a son, James, 
b. 1685, who m. (1) Mary Place and (2) Sarah Gardner ; lived in Dutchess 
co., N. Y., and was the gt-grandfather of the late David P. Kenyon, of 
Raritan. 

Ker-Kerr. — Walter Ker, of Scotland, b. 1656, exile from Scotland, 
came over in 1685 and settled at Freehold, Monmouth co. He d. 1748, and 

his wife, Margaret , 1734. His probable son, William, b. 1700, resided 

near Lamington, this County, and d. July 4, 1777. 

Kip. — Henry Hendrikszen Kype came to New Amsterdam from Hol- 
land, perhaps with his wife, Tryntje, and five children, prior to 1643. ^e 
was a tailor, but became a leading citizen of New Amsterdam. Sons were 
Isaac, Jacob and Hendrick. 

Kirkpatrick. — Andrew and Alexander Kirkpatrick, brothers, b. in 
Dunfrieshire, Scotland, settled at Belfast, Ireland, about 1725, and came 
to America in 1736, landing at New Castle, Del., from whence they walked 
to -Mine Brook, Somerset co., where they located. (For particulars see 
Quarterly, Vol. Ill, p. 268, and Vol. V, p. 171). 

Kline. — Johan Jacob Klein, b. in Germany in 1714, came to America 
about 1740, and settled near Readington, Hunterdon co. ; m., about 174S. 
Veronica Gerdrutta (dau. of Johannes Moelich). He d. 1789. Sons were 
John William, Jacob, Aaron and Peter. The Somerset Klines in general 
descended from him, but there are some descendants of Godfried Klein, 
who was also at Readington before 1756, and who had sons Christian and 
Jacob. The descendants of Johan Jacob are carried out in Mellick's 
"Story of an Old Farm," pp. 642, 683. 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 2jj 

Kuhl. — Christian Kule, of Germany, perhaps with his brother, Paul, 
came to America prior to 1754, and d. in Amwell twsp., Hunterdon co., in 
1770. He and Paul were the ancestors of many of the name of Kuhl in 
that county, a few of whom reached Somerset. Christian's sons were 
Peter, William, Philip and Christian. 

Barent Jacobsen Kool came from Holland to New Amsterdam prior 
to 1633 ; m. Morretje Leenderts. Sons were Jacob, Leendert, Tunis, Arent 
and Pieter. Tunis had a son, Tunis, who settled at Readington after 1724, 
and left many descendants of the name of Cole, and perhaps of Cool. 

Labaw. — Francis Labaw (original name La Bau), of French Hugue- 
not extraction, was b. in London, England, about 1665, and settled in 
Amwell twsp., Hunterdon co. ; m. Deliverance Stout. The Somerset 
Labaws descend from David, of near Trenton, son of Francis. 

La Monte. — Originally a French family which settled in Argyleshire, 
Scotland, because of the Huguenot persecution. John LaMonte was in 
Coleraine, Ireland, about 1725. His eldest son, Archibald, was kidnap- 
ped and brought to Long Island about 1745. His mother, then John's 
widow, and his brothers Robert and John, learning of Archibald's where- 
abouts, came to America in 1750 and settled in Hillsdale, Columbia co., 
N. Y., with Archibald, who d. there. Robert, who was b. in Coleraine 
in 1726, m. a Miss Brown, and was the ancestor of the LaMonte family 
of Bound Brook. 

Lane. — Matthys Jansen Laenen, of the Province of Liege, Belgium, 
a Walloon, came to New Amsterdam in March, 1663, in the ship ''Rose 
Tree," with his wife (name unknown; she d. on the passage over) and 
four children. He m. (2) Adriaentje Hendricks, and settled at New 
Utrecht, L. I.; d. before 1683. His son Adriaen founded the Lane fam- 
ily of Readington and Neshanic, and a later generation the Bedminster 
family. (For full particulars see "The Lane Family of Somerset Co. 
and Vicinity" in the Quarterly, Vols. II and III). 

La Tourette. — Jean La Tourette, a Frenchman, said to have gone 
first from France to Holland, settled on Staten Island, being naturalized 
there in 1695. Cornelius, of Bedminster twsp., b. 177S, d. 1852, who m. 
Elizabeth Wyckoff, of Hunterdon co., was probably a grandson or great- 
grandson of Jean. 

Lawrence. — Johannes Lorentz, b. about 1667, in Germany, came to 
America in 1710 with his wife Anna Margarette and three children. He 
d. at Peapack 1745. It is stated that he was probably of French ances- 
try. Sons were Alexander, Daniel and John. The Somerset families 
descended from him, although other immigrants of the name of Law- 
rence, who were English and descendants mainly of Major Thomas, of 
Newtown, L. I., were early in New Jersey. 



2 7 8 



Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



Lindaburv. — Conrad Lindenberger (or Leinenberg) arrived in Phila- 
delphia on the vessel "Two Brothers," September 15, 1752, from Germany. 
Sons were Henry, Conrad, Jasper and John. The Somerset family is said 
to have been derived through Henry. 

Lefferty. — Edmund Lafetra, of Huguenot descent, came to Ameri- 
ca about 1667, and settled in Monmouth co. ; d. 1687 ; m. Frances . 

Had at least a son, Edmund. It is believed the Leffertys of Bedminster 
twsp., during and after the Revolution, descended from this Monmouth 
line. 

Lewis. — Samuel Lewis, of Wales, came to America about 1732 and 
settled at Basking Ridge. He had four sons, Edward, Benjamin, Eliphalet 
and Thomas. Thomas had a son, Zephaniah, one of whose daughters, 
Mary, was the same known as "Aunt Polly Kinnan." Rev. Dr. Theodore 
Cuyler and Hon. Samuel Southard were descendants of Samuel Lewis, 
and it is stated Samuel's ancestry, when traced back a few generations, 
connects with General Washington's ancestry. Samuel's son, Edward, 
who resided at Basking Ridge, also left numerous descendants. (A fuller 
note on this family will appear later). 

There was also an Edward Lewis, b. 1601, who came from England 
in the ship "Elizabeth" in 1634, and probably located on Long Island, who 
had at least sons, John and Thomas, but it is not stated that any of the 
Lewis family of Somerset belong to that line. 

Linn. — Judge Alexander Linn, b. about 1703, a Scotch-Irishman of 
North Ireland, and his brother, Joseph, came to America somewhere about 
1740, settling in Bernards twps., Somerset County; d. 1776. His brother, 
Joseph, settled in Sussex. The Linns of New Jersey descend from these 
two brothers. A large Pennsylvania line descends from William Linn 
who came from the North of Ireland in 1732, settling in Cumberland co., 
Pa., and he may have been a brother of Alexander and Joseph. 

Longstreet. — Derick Stoffelse Langestraat came from Holland, in 
1657, to Flatlands, L. I.; m. (1) Catharina Van Liewen; (2) before 1690, 
Johanna Havens, widow of Johannis Holsaert. Sons were StofTel, Adrian, 
Richard, Johannis and (perhaps) Samuel. Adrian and Stoftel removed to 
Monmouth co., and left descendants, some of whom reached Somerset. 

Lot-Lott. — Peter Lot, probably of Holland, possibly of Germany, 
came to America in 1652 and settled at Flatbush, L. I., where he was a 

magistrate; wife was Gertrude . Sons were Engelhardt, Peter, 

Abraham, Hendrick and Johannes. Descendants became both "Lot" 
and "Lott." Hendrick Lott owned land in Franklin twsp., in Somerset, in 
1701, and there were early Lotts in that twsp. and in Hillsborough. 

Low-Lowe. — Pieter Cornellisen Louw came from Holstein (then in 
Denmark), 1659, in the ship "Faith," and settled at Kingston. N. Y. ; m., 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 279 

Oct. 27, 1668, Elizabeth Blanshan, was a farmer. Sons were Cornelius, 
Matthys, Peter, Abraham, Johannes and Jacob. The Lows and Lowes of 
New Jersey all descend from some of these sons, perhaps the larger num- 
ber from Cornelius, who, in 1728, owned land in (present) Branchburg 
twsp. in Somerset, and one or more of whose sons were later near Ne- 
shanic. 

Ludlow. — Jeremiah Ludlow, of Ludlow, England, came to x\merica 
about 1697, and settled at New Providence, N. J., m. Elizabeth Smith ; d. 
1764. Sons were Jeremy and "Colonel" Cornelius. From Cornelius the 
Ludlows of Morris co. and the northern part of Somerset co. descend; 
also the late ex-Governor, George C. Ludlow. 

Gabriel Ludlow, of Castle Cary, Somersetshire, England, b. Nov. 2, 
1663, settled in New York in 1694; m., Apr. 5, 1697, Sarah Hanmer (dau. 
of Dr. Joseph Hanmer, a British surgeon). He was one of the first vestry 
of Trinity Church, in which grounds he is buried, and was a member of 
the Colonial Assembly of New York. Sons were Hanmer, Henry, Gabriel, 
John, William, Hanmer (2nd), and Thomas. John m. Susanna Broad- 
bury and lived at Acquackanonk, N. J. His son, Richard, m. Jane Van 
Nostrand. His son, John, Richard, m. Elizabeth Vreeland and was the 
father of Rev. Dr. Gabriel Ludlow, of Neshairic 

Lyon. — Henry Lyon, of Glen Lyon, Perthshire, Scotland, with broth- 
ers, Thomas and Richard, all of whom were in Cromwell's army, came to 
America in 1648. Llenry settled at Milford, Conn.; m., 1652, Elizabeth 
Batement. In 1666 he was one of the colony which founded Newark, N. J. ; 
d. 1703. Lyons Farms was named from his 100 acres there. Sons were 
Thomas, Samuel, Joseph, Nathaniel, John, Benjamin and Ebenezer. The 
Bedminster twsp. line descends from Thomas. 

Manning. — Geoffrey Manning, with his wife Hephzibah Andrew, 
settled in Piscataway, N. J., about 1668; d. 1693. Sons were John, 
Joseph, James and Benjamin. 

Martin.— John Martin and Esther Roberts were in Piscataway, N. 
J., by 1680. Absalom, who founded Martinville, Somerset Co., prob- 
ably descended from them. 

McDonald. — Colonel William McDonald was undoubtedly b. in the 
North of Ireland, and came to New Jersey not later than 1744. settling 
in Bedminster twsp., Somerset Co., where he was a miller and farmer; 

wife was Margaret . Known sons were Major Richard, George, 

the Somerville lawyer, Samuel, who was said to have been hung for mur- 
der, and William. (For other particulars, see Quarterly, Vol. V, p. 70). 

McDowell. — Ephraim McDowell, Scotch-Irishman, b. 16SS, in Lon- 
donderry, Ire., came to (perhaps) Long Island about 1720, and, later, 
settled near Vliet's Mills, Bedminster twsp., Somerset Co., and still later 



280 



Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



(1750), on land subsequently owned by various of his descendants. He 
d. 1762. His wife is supposed to have been Margaret Irving (Irvine?). 
His sons were John, Matthew, Ephraim, Peter and Benjamin. Matthew's 
sons were the Revs. John and William McDowell, celebrated Presbyterian 
divines. An Alexander McDowell was a landowner between Somerville 
and Pluckemin in 1727, and may have been a brother to Ephraim, but no 
further trace of him seems to be on local records. 

McMurtry. — Thomas McMurtrie and wife Mary, with his brothers 
Robert and Joseph, were Scotch-Irish from XoTth Ireland, who came 
to America about 1720 and located in Morris co. Thomas, from whom 
those of the name in Somerset are believed to descend, had sons James, 
Thomas and Robert. 

Melick-Mellick. — Johannes Moelich, of Bendorf, Germany, b. 
1702, came to Philadelphia with his wife, Maria Cathrina Kirberger, and 
four ch., in 1735; in 1747 he was in Sussex co., X. J. ; in 1750 in Read- 
ington twsp., Hunterdon co., and in 1751, built the "Old Stone Farm 
House" in Bedminster twsp., Somerset co. He d. 1763. Descendants 
chiefly "Melick" in surname. Johannes' brothers Johan Peter and Johan 
Gottfried, also came to New T Jersey, the first establishing a Hunterdon 
and the second a Sussex (now Warren) co. line. (For all these lines, 
see Mellick's "Story of an Old Farm"). 

Messler. — Jan Adamsen (proper surname, if any, unknown), b. at 
Worms, Germany, in 1626, came to America about 1654; m., about 1657, 
Geertie Dircks, of Meppel, Holland ; was a mason by trade, and his 
descendants took the name of Metselaer (mason). (For full particu- 
lars, see article in this number of the Quarterly). 

Mettler. — This family has not yet been traced beyond the Revolu- 
tion. A John Mettler, in 1783, purchased 433 acres of the Hamilton 
Tract in Alexandria twsp., Flunterdon co. The same year a Philip Mett- 
ler d. there intestate. A William Mettler, b. about 1770, and a John 
Mettler, b. about 1772, may have been sons of the previously named 
John. The latter named John m. an Apgar, and d. 1866, at the age of 94, 
at Mt. Pleasant, near Milford. His son, Enoch, was the grandfather of 
Mr. John Wyckoff Mettler, of East Millstone. The name may be Eng- 
lish, but it would not surprise the writer to find that the original name 
was "Medlar," and that the family came from the Palatinate during the 
middle of the Eighteenth century, although it is said the name "Mettler" 
is to be found in Switzerland. 

Middagh. — Aert Anthonisse Middagh came from Heykoop, Holland, 
in the vessel "Beaver" in May, 1661, settling at Brooklyn: m., about 1050. 
Breckje Bergen (dau. of Hans Hansen Bergen, the first Bergen immi- 
grant). Sons were Theunis, Jan, Gerrit, Dirck and Joris. Dirck m. 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 281 

Catalinc Van Neste (dau. of Pieter Van Neste, of Somerville), and 
settled at Somerville. 

Mjller. — A Scotch-Irish line of that name descends from Thomas 
Miller, who arrived from the North of Ireland about 1726 and settled in 
Morris co. ; d. previous to 1785; wife was Margaret Wallace, and sons 
were John and James. Some descendants of this family were formerly at 
Basking Ridge. John Henry Miiller came from Germany to America 
in 1750, settling at New Germantown, Hunterdon co., and became locally 
prominent there. Sons were Henry and David. A Wilhelm Miiller was 
near Somerville in 1729 and a Johannes in 1737, both with families. 
Descendants of all these became in name "Miller." 

Monfort. — Pieter Monfoort came from the Netherlands in 1639 
or earlier, being in that year at Wallabout (within present Brooklyn). 
Previously (1630) a Jan Monfoort was in New Amsterdam, presumably 
Pieter's brother. Pieter m., Jan., 1630, in Amsterdam, Holland, Sarah 
de Plancken. His sons were Jan and Pieter, Jan being ancestor of the 
Somerset line, which was located, before the Revolution, near Millstone 
and Readington. 

Moldenke. — Dr. Edward Frederick Moldenke was b. at Inster- 
burg, East Prussia, Aug. 10, 1836, and d. at Watchung, Somerset Co., 
June 25, 1904. He was sent by the Prussian Ecclesiastical Government 
(Lutheran) as a missionary to the Germans of Wisconsin, Michigan and 
Minnesota in 1862; founded the Northwestern College at Watertown, 
Wise; was recalled to Prussia in 1865. On account of religious perse- 
cution he came to the United States in 1871 and became a U. S. citizen; 
was pastor of St. Peter's German Ev. Luth. church in New York City 
until his death. Was sometime President of the General Council of the 
Lutheran church of America. The family descends from Protestants 
expelled from Salzburg, Austria, in 1727. An ancestor, Frederick Mol- 
denke, was, in 1784, auditor of the milling and waterpower operations of 
the Knights of the Teutonic Order in Pomerania. East and West Prussia. 
Dr. Richard Moldenke. of Watchung, is a son of Dr. Edward Frederick. 

Moore. — The English Moores trace back to Thomas De Moore, who 
went to England from Normandy with William the Conquerer. Rev. 
John Moore came from England, settling at Hempstead, L. L, and then 
at Newtown; d. 1657. Sons were John, Gershom, Samuel and Joseph. 
Sons of Gershom and John came to New Jersey. 

Nevius. — Joannes Nevius was b. at Zoelen, Holland, in 1627 (bapt. 
Mar. 14) ; was son of Rev. Joannes Neeffius and Maria Becx ; came to 
New Amsterdam 1650 or '51 ; m., Nov., 1653, Adriaentje Blcijck, of 
Batavia, East Indies; d. May (or June), 1672; was the third official 
Secretary of New Amsterdam, l6$f-6$. Sons to grow up were Cor- 



282 Somerset County Historical Quart v 

nelis and Pieter. The Ncefus, Nefie, Meafie, etc., families of New 
Jersey descend from Conielis. The Nevitis families all descend from 
Pieter. (Full family history of descendants of first named Joannes has 
been published by the Editor of the Quarterly). 

Opdycke-Updike. — Gysbert Qpdyck, b. at Wcsel, Germany, in 1605, 
came, before 1638, to New Amsterdam, rri., '643. Catherine Smith. Most 
local Opdyckes and Updikes descend, however, from Luuris Jansen Op- 
dyck, b. in Holland before 1620; came to America before 1653; m - 

Christina ; d. 1659 at GraVesend, L. I. Son was Johannes, of 

Hopewell, N. J., whose son Lawrence was father of John Updike, of 
Montgomery twsp., Somerset Co., and Turns Updike, probably also of the 
same twsp., and of various Hunterdon ( Kidykes and Opdyckes. 

Onderdonk. — Adfiaen Onderdonk came early from Holland to New- 
castle, Del. His son An Aries removed to Jamaica, L. L, and m., 1683. 
Maria Van der Vliet He had a son Andries, from whom the Somerset 
family of the name descended. 

Perrine. — Daniel Pe T T ffl, a son of Ftetre Perm, Trench Huguenot, 
arrived in America on the ship "Philip." in 1665: d. Sept. 6, 1719; m. 

Maria Thorel and (2) Elizabeth — .He settled temporarily at Elixa- 

bethtown, and then on Staten Island. Son- by first wife were Peter, 
Henry, James, Daniel and William. The Perrine family at Millstone 
during the Revolution belonged to this general family. 

Philhower. — George Philip Wuh'fhaeer came from Germany in 
1748 in ship "Paliena," landing at Philadelphia, and his son Philip, of 
Hunterdon co., N. J., was the progenitor of all the Philhowers in this 
county and Somerset, the name being a corruption of the first syllable 
of the Christian name and last syllable of the surname. 

Polhemus. — Name traceable in Netherlands back to 1310, when a 
learned jurist, Eleazor Polhemus, was a burgomaster. Rev. Johannes 
Theodorus Polhemius went from the Netherlands to Brazil, and, in 1654, 
to Flatbush, L. I. He was b. 1598; d. 16J6; m. Catherine Van Werven. 
Sons were Theodorus and Daniel. .Daniel was of Flatbush (wife Neeltje 
Van der Veer) and had sons Johannes, Cornelius, Jacob, Daniel, Jr., 
Hendrick and Abram. Hendrick and Abram settled in Somerset Co. 
(Hendrick near Harlingen about 1730). 

Post. — Adrian Post came from The Hague, Holland, in 1650, and 
settled at Communipaw, X. j.. and it has been generally supposed (and 
published) that he represents the head of the Post family, once numer- 
ous about Readington and other parts of central New Jersey. He was 
the head of the Bergen CO. Post family, but Lodewyck Corneliszen Post, 
who came from Amsterdam about the same time, whose sons were Elias 



• 



Earliest American Ancestors of Somerset Families 28^ 

and Cornelius, heads the Somerset line, throu:;h Cornelius. (Fuller 
particulars in next Quarterly). 

Potter. — Samuel Potter (first) has usually been represented as com- 
ing from Wales "about 1685." But he seems to have been bapt. Oct. 17, 
1641, in the New Haven Colony, being the son of a John Potter, and m., 
1670, Hannah Russell. He came from Wallingford, Conn., to Newark 
in 1678 and d. about 1696. Sons were Daniel, Samuel, Joseph and Noah- 
diah. Daniel, b. 1692, was of Connecticut Farms, and was father of 
Colonel Samuel Potter (b. 1727; d. 1802), of 'Mc Revolution, who was 
ancestor of the Potters at Pottersville. 

Powfxson. — Nicholas Powelson came to New Amsterdam from Dit- 
marsen, Holland, on the ship "Gilded Otter" in 1657. Presumed to have 
had a son Hendrick, whose son Jacob Hendrickve came to Somerset 
Co., settling probably near Harlingen. His son Johannes, of Harlin- 
gen, b. 1719, m. Harmptje Messier and settled near Pluckemin in 1767; 
left a large number of descendants, some of whom spell the surname 
Poulison, Poulson, Powlison, etc. 

Prall. — Arent Praal came from Holland about 1660 and settled 
on Staten Island. A son, Pieter, came to Amweil, Hunterdon co., 
about 1716; d. 1748. A few of his descendants, spelling the surname 
Prall, have resided in Franklin and Bridgewater twsps., in Somerset. 

Probasco. — Jurryen Probasko, with his wife Catelvntie, a son Chris- 
tofTel and daughter Anne, came from Holland to America in 1654, set- 
tling in Brooklyn. ChristofTel (Christopher) m. Ida Strycker, of Flat- 
bush, and had sons Jan, Jacob, Abraham and Christoffel, all of v\hom, 
except Abraham, settled near Millstone. 

Pruden. — Rev. Peter Prudden, of Hertfordshire. England, driven 
from home by persecution, came to Bo- ion in 1637, and became one of 
the founders of the New Haven Colony. He founded the church at Mil- 
ford, Conn., and was pastor there 1639-^56. He had a son, Rev. John 
Prudden, of Newark, and probably others. There have been a few 
Prudens in Somerset, hut many Pruddens and Prudens in Morris. 

Quick. — The first of the name on the Colonial records was William 
Quick, whose wife was Mary Anna Mitfofd; both probably came from 
Holland. He d. about 164 1. A William Quick, citizen and grocer of 
London, was among the adventurers to Virginia, and may have been his 
father. He d. 1613. 

Rapalje.— Joris Jansen de Rapalic, Huguenot, from Rochelle, 
France, (ancestors traceable to the nth Century), came to America in 
1623 in the vessel "Unity/' settling first at Albany, but finally at Brooklyn, 
where he became prominent. His wife was Catalyntie Trico (dau. of 
Joris), b. in Paris about 1605, and d. 1689. ^ ons were Jan, Jacob, 



284 



Somerset Comity Historical Quarterly 



Jeronimus and Daniel. The family became very large on Long Island 
and in New Jersey. 

Rarick. — Hans Conrad Rarick, b. 1722, came from Erbach, Ger- 
many, in 1749, and settled in Morris co. ; d. 1790; wife was Anna Maria 
Weber. Sons were Henry, Conrad, John and William. The Bedminster 
Raricks were descended from Conrad. 

Reger. — Adam Reger (originally Faieger), b. about 1739, came from 
Germany prior to 1767, settling near Whitehouse, Hunterdon co. ; d. 
1830 in 91st yr. ; wife was Catherine Roelofsen. Sons were Frederick, 
John and Harmon. The South Branch Reger family, of which Mr. 
John F. Reger, of Somerville, is one, were of Frederick's line, and the 
late Augustine Reger, of Somerville, of John's line. Adam is said to 
have had two brothers, one settling at Clinton, surname of whose descend- 
ants became Cregar, and one at Easton, surname of whose descendants 
became Riker. 

Rhinehart. — Valentine Reinhart, b. 1709, came from Germany 
about 1752, with sons Adam (b. 1739) and Godfried (b. 1744), settling, 
probably, in Morris co. Godfried was, at least for a time, at New 
Germantown, Hunterdon co., but d. probably at Flanders, Morris co 
He was a tavern keeper, farmer and merchant. A few Somerset descend- 
ants were of Adam's family. 

Robeson. — Andrew Robeson, a Quaker, came from Oxford, Eng- 
land, with William Penn in 1682, and settled near Philadelphia. He was 
Surveyor-General of West Jersey in 1686. His son Jonathan built, in 
1753, the Oxford Furnace, and was Judge of Sussex county the same 
year. Jonathan's son, Morris, who m. Anne Rockhill, represents the 
later line of Robesons of Warren co., some representatives of which have 
resided in Somerset. 

Roelofson. — Laurens RulofTsen, b. in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 
1689, Was at Nine-mile Run, Somerset Co., 1715 ; d. 1777; wife was 
Catherine Shuman. Sons were Roelof, Hermanes and Laurens. This 
family name was formerly numerous in Somerset and Hunterdon, some 
members of which probably descended from Johannes, who was "on the 
Raritans" before 1700, and probably came from Holland before 1669. 

Runyon. — Vincent Rongnion, a Huguenot from Poictiers, France, 
came to America in 1665 and settled in Piscataway twsp., Middlesex co., 
in 1667. He m., 1668, Ann Boutcher, dau. of John Boutcher, of Hart- 
ford, England. Sons were Vincent, Derick, Joseph, Reune, Ephraim 
and Peter, and perhaps John. The Runyons of Somerset and Union 
counties, of whom the late Chancellor Theodore Runyon was a con- 
spicuous member, all belong to the Piscataway line. 
[Concluded in Next Number] 



Notes on the Rynearson (Van Hengel) Family 285 

NOTES ON THE EYNEARSON (VAN HENGEL) FAMILY 

FROM NOTES BY EDWARD KINSEY VOORHEES, EVANSTON, ILL. 

[Note by Editor. — The above-named Mr. Voorhees has compiled an admirable 
series of notes on the Rynearson family, which was more or less prominent in Som- 
erset County in early days. These notes have not been published, but we are per- 
mitted to extract from them such facts and dates as relate to the Somerset line, 
which show intermarriages with the Van Nuyse, Van Nest, Probasco, Longstreet, 
Volleman, Voorhees and many similar families, notes on some of which have also 
been made by Mr. Voorhees and will appear in the last of these articles. The sur- 
name of this family, like those of many other Dutch families, is a manufactured 
one, the first American ancestor calling himself Van Hengel, because he came from 
Hengel in Holland, and as his son, Reynier Arentsen (Reynier, son of Arent), 
dropped the Van Hengel, his descendants took the name of Reynier sen, which, with 
variations, was always continued, and has been latterly known as Rynearson]. 

i. Arent Theunissen Van Hengel, with his wife, Tryntie Reyn- 
ders, and three children, Reynier, Mary and Hendrick, came from Hen- 
gel in Gelderland, Holland, in 1653, an< ^ settled on Staten Island. It is 
probable that he was killed during the Indian uprising on Staten Island 
in September, 1655. His widow m., May 25, 1656, Severyn Laurenszen, 
from Rootsisill, in Denmark. She d. prior to Aug. 5, 1671, as, on that 
date, Laurenszen m. Greitje Hendricks, widow of Focke Jansen. Tryntie 
is spoken of in Colonial Documents of N. Y., Vol. XIII, and in LaChair's 
Register, Vol. II, reprinted in Holland Society Year Book of 1900. 

Children of Arent Theunissen Van Hengel and Tryntie Reyn- 
ders: 

2. Reynier Arentsen, b. in Holland, as above stated; d. after 
Sept. 17, 1 72 1, on which date (entered on the record as "Ryn Aarsen V. 
Hegelen") he and his wife were witnesses at the baptism of a child of 
Jan Waldron, at Flatbush, L. I. ; m. (1) Annctje Hermans, and (2), in 
1666, Jannetje Aukes Van Nuyse (dau. of Aucke Jansen Van Nuyse). 
He took the oath of allegiance in Flatbush in 1687, and stated he had been 
34 years in this country; was allotted a meadow lot Aug. 6, 1668, on 
the Flatbush meadows at Canarsie; was overseer of Flatbush in 1681, 
1682 and 1691 ; on the assessment roll of Brooklyn in 1675; °* Flat- 
bush in 1675 and 1683; of New Utrecht in 1690; on Flatbush census of 
1698, showing himself, wife and six children; deacon in the Flatbush 
•church in 1682 and elder in 171 1. On Mar. 28, 1670, he bought of Abra- 
ham Jorise (Brinckerhofr) a farm of 25 morgens, with meadows and 
plain land in Flatbush on the west side of the road between the farms of 
j Domine Megapolensis and Jan Snediker. From his ante-nuptial agree- 
jment of Apr. 2S, 1666, with Jannetje Aukes, it appears that, at that date, 
ihe had but one child, Aernout, living. He signed his name Reynier 
Arents and Reynier Aertsen. The surname Van Hengel appears but 
jseldom in the records. (For ch., see infra). 



286 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

3. Mary Arents, b. in Holland, as above stated ; m., Nov. 2, 1659, 
Jan Jansen Langestraet, also known as Jan Jansen Rommen. They were 
members of the New York Dutch church in 1686, and lived on Princes 
(now Beaver) street, east of Broad street. Their descendants seem to 
have adopted the name of Rommen, Rommo, Rome and Roome, or vari- 
ants thereof. [Mr. Voorhees has carried out numerous descendants of 
this family, but it is not apparent that any of them reached Somerset 
County. — Editor] . 

3a. Hendrick Arentsen, b. in Holland, as above stated ; m., Oct. 
25, 1684, Catherine Hardenbroeck. He d. before June 16, 16S9, as, on 
that date, his widow m. Hendricksen Braesser. Hendrick and his wife 
were members of the New York Dutch church in 1686, and lived on 
Broad street, east side. He had two children baptised in New York : 
(1) Aernout, bapt. May 6, 1685, of whom no further record; (2) 
Urseltje, bapt. Feb. 27, 1687, who m., May 2, 17 19, Garret Roos. 

Child of Reynier Arentsen and Annette Hermans: 

4. Aernout. The only record of him is that, on Apr. 26, 1666, 
(about which date his father m., second time) Severyn "Lauwerens*' and 
Jan Langestraet (both named above) were appointed his guardians, and, 
in 1677, he was a member of the Dutch church at Flatbush. 

Children of Reynier Arentsen and Jannetie Aukes Van Nuyse: 

- 5. Auke Reyniersen; m. Ida Vonk (dau. of Cornelius Vonk and 
Madeleine Hendricks), who was b. Apr. 17, 1677, and bapt. at Flatbush. 
He took the oath of allegiance at Flatbush in 1687, as a native ; bought 
land in Bushwick in 1692 of Johannes Fonteyn, and also, Oct. 20, 1700, 
his father's farm, with its appendages and salt meadows, located at 
"Keuters-hoek," in Flatbush, for £425 ; name on assessment rolls of 
Bushwick of 1693 and census of 1698. He was generally known as 
Auke Reyniersen, but sometimes the surname "Van Hengel" or "Van 
Engele" is recorded. Some of his children used "Reyniersen" and others 
"Van Flengel" or variants thereof as surnames. (For ch., see infra). 

6. Tryntie Reyniersen; m., Apr. 20, 1689, Nicholas Thomasse 
Van Dyck (son of Thomas Janse). Fie m., second, Fransyntie Hendricks, 
of Flatbush. They had but one child, Tryntie, bapt. Aug. 24, 1690, at 
Brooklyn. [Nicholas removed to Six-Mile Run, Somerset Co., about 
1 7°3» but returned to Brooklyn and then removed to Delaware, where 
his son, Nicholas, became Governor. — Editor]. 

7. Helena Reyniersen; rru, Aug. 29, 1691, at Flatbush, Chard 
(Charles) Fonteyn, who settled at Six-Mile Run, Somerset County, N. 
J., where both became members of the Dutch church in 1710; Fonteyns 
first wife was Catherine deBaile. The name "Fonteyn" later became 



Notes on the Rynearson (Van Hengcl) Family 287 

"Van Tyne" and "Vantine." Their children were: (1) Katryna, bapt. 
Mar. 29, 1696, at Brooklyn. (2) Reinier, bapt. Oct. 15, 1699, at Brook- 
lyn. (3) Hendrick, bapt. Nov. 15, 17 10, at Six-Mile Run. [Charles 
must have d. 1734 or 1749. as wills of a Charles Fontyn and Fontaine were 
probated at those dates. — Editor]. 

8. Hendrick Reyniersen; m. Margaret ; d. 1739. He 

located in Somerset County, N. J., before 1700, and his name appears 
as witness at a number of baptisms in the records of Long Island and 
New Jersey churches. His will, dated May 28, I729 > probated Oct. 14, 
1739, mentions his wife, Margaret, youngest brother, Tunis and other 
relatives, but no children. 

9. Marytie Reyniersen; m. Joris Van Nest (son of Pieter Pie- 
terse Van Nest and Judith Rapalje), who was bapt. at New York July 
19, 1676. They lived first on Long Island, and later near Somerville, N. 
J., where he was prominent in public affairs, and, in 1738, with Peter 
Dumont, represented Somerset County in the New Jersey Assembly. 
[For this Van Nest family, see concluding article, where the children of 
Joris will also be stated. — Editor] . 

10. Barbara Reyniersen, bapt. Dec. 26, 1679, at Flatbush; d. 
young. 

11. Adriantje Reyniersen, bapt. Mar. 12, 1682, at Flatbush; m. 
(sup.) Jan Probasco (son of Christopher Probasco and Ida Stryker). 
.[For the Probasco family and children of Jan and Adriantje, see conclud- 
ing article.— Editor] . 

12. Gertruyd Reyniersen, bapt. June 2j, 1684, at. Flatbush; no 
further record. 

. 13. Barbara Reyniersen (second of the name), bapt. Sept. 6, 
1685, at New York; m. Isaac Van Dyke (son of Thomas Janse Van 
Dyke and brother of Nicholas, who m. Tryntie Reyniersen). They lived 
first in Westchester county, and were early members of the Sleepy Hol- 
low Dutch church; about 1703 they lived in Somerset Co., N. J., being 
members of the Dutch church at Three-Mile Run in 171 7. He d. about 
1727. Their children were: (1) Thomas, bapt. Aug. 13, 1706, at 
Sleepy Hollow. (2) Mary. (3) Isaac. 

14. Tunis Reyniersen, bapt. Aug. 8, 1689, at Flatbush; d. young. 

15. Teunis Reyniersen (second of the name), bapt. Alar. 29, 1696. 
at Brooklyn; m., at Flatbush, Oct. 26, 1716, Margrietje Valentyne, of 
Hempstead. No further record, but he was living May 2S, 1729, being 
then mentioned in his brother Hendrick's will. [Perhaps the same as the 
"Tunes Rinearson," of Somerset County, N. J., whose will was probat. 
in 1761. — Editor]. 

{To be Continued] 

v/cl,< . f< ' 



288 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

NOTES ON THE WYCKOFF FAMILY 

BY WILLIAM F. WYCKOFF, BROOKLYN, N. Y. 

[Continued from Page 218] 

[Note. — It is hoped that these articles will induce anybody having knowledge 
of the Wyckoff, Wikoff, etc., Family, to send such facts relating to any genera- 
tion, as he or she may have, to the author, 215 Montague St., Brooklyn, N. Y.] 

I now take up the descendants of Garret (No. 9, Vol. II, p. 189 of the 
Quarterly), son of Pieter Claesen Wykhof, many of whose descendants 
went to Somerset County. 

Fourth Generation 

( / J Garret Wickoff (as most of his descendants spell the surname) was 
b. in Amersfoort (later Flatlands), Kings co., L. I., (date unknown) ; 
died June, 1707; m. Catharine Nevius (dau. of Joannes Nevius, the 
immigrant of the Nevius name, and Adriaentje Bleijck). 
He owned a iarrn in Gravesend, L. L Children : 
1 147. Peter G. 

Mayke; m., May 5, 1706, Roelof Janse Terhune. 
Gretia; m., May 29, 171 1, Coert Stevense Van Voorhees. 
Adriantje; m., Mar. 17, 1716, John Van Nuyse. 
Antje; m. Minna Lucasse Van Voorhees. 
Garret G. 
Jannitie ; m. Cornelius Van de Vere. 



1 148. 

1 149. 
1150- 
1151. 
1152. 
1152a. 



Fifth Generation 



(1147) Peter G. Wyckoff; d. May 7, 1731; m., May 23, 1723, 
Rense (dau. of Martin Schenck), who was b. Oct. 15, 1702, and d. Sept. 
26, 1760. She m., second, Daniel Rapelje. Peter lived and died on Long 
Island, owning a farm on the border of the towns of Gravesend and 
Flatlands. Children : 

1 153. Garret, b. Oct. 25, 1724; d. June, 1796; m., May 17, 1746, 

Jannetje Bloom. 

1154. Martin, b. Apr. 12, 1729; d. young. 

1 155. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 15, 1731 ; m. Andrew Riker. 

(1152) Garret G. Wikoff, b. Mar. 4, 1704; d. Nov. 2, 1770; m. (i), 
1725, Altia Garretson, who was b. 1706 and d. 1740; (2) (license Dec. 
4, 1745) Altia LefTertson, who was b. Nov. 22, 1713. He moved to 
Monmouth co., N. J., not far from Freehold, where he died owning a 
large farm. Children: 

1 156. Catharine, b. 1726; m. (license Feb. 5, 1750) Benjamin 

Conover. 

1157. Ida, b. 1728; m. (license Aug. 18, 1753) David Conover. 



Kotos on the JVyckoff Family 289 

1 1 58. Garret. 

1 1 59. Samuel. 

1 160. Peter. 

1161. Altia, b. 1736; in. Jacob Van Doren. 

1 162. Aukey. 

Sixth Generation 

(1153) Garret Wyckoff, b. Oct. 25, 1724; d. June, 1796; m., May 
17, 1746, Jannetje Bloom (dau. of Barent Bloom). He was a farmer 
living in Flatlands, L. I. Children: 

1 163. Peter G. 

1 164. Barent. 

1165. Rensie, bapt. Mar. 6, 1759; d. Mar. 22 y 1825; m., June 29, 

1778, John Voorhees, who was bapt. Aug. 15, 1756, and 
d. Oct. 5, 1828. 

1 166. Garret. 

(1158) Garret Wikoff, b. Oct. 31, 1730; d. Apr. 18, 1777; m., 1756, 
Patience Williamson, who was b. Apr. 11, 1733, an< ^ d. Oct. 20, 1819. He 
was a fanner near Freehold, X. J. Children : 

1 167. Garret. 

1 1 68. William F. 

1 169. Samuel. 

1 170. Peter. 

1171. Arthur Williamson. 

1 172. Oakey. 

(1159) Samuel Wikoff, b. Oct. 12, 1732; d. Apr. 24, 1826; m., Nov. 
. I, 1759, Gertrude Shipman, who was b. 1735 and d. Feb. 15, 1820. He 

was a farmer near Allentown, Monmouth co., N. J. Children: 

1 173. Garret. 

1 1 74. Jacob. 

1 175. Samuel. 

1 176. Altje, b. Sept. 20, 1760; m. John Hendrickson. 

1 177. Mary (or Polly), b. Feb. 4, 1770; m. Thomas Saxton. 

1178. Catharine, b. Jan. 19, 1773; d. Apr. 25, 1847; m - William 

Croxson, who was b. Aug. 30, 1775, and d. July 10, 1857. 

(1160) Peter Wikoff, b. Feb. 25, 1734; d. Apr. 1, 1821 ; m. (license 
Oct. 29, 1759) Alice Longstreet, who was b. Mar. 13, 1731, and d. June 
16, 1809. He was a farmer in Monmouth co. Children : 

1 1 79. Garret P. 

1 180. Richard. 

1 181. Samuel. 

1 182. Stophel (S toff el or Theophilus). 
19 



290 



Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



1183. 

1 184. 
1185. 



Peter. 



Oakey. 

Alice, b. Nov. 24. 1767; d. Jan. 23, 1852; m., 1785, Gil- 
bert Hendrickson. 

1 186. Altje, b. Jan. 15, 1770; m., 1790, Samuel Hendrickson. 

1 187. Catharine; m. James Burtis. 

1 1 88. Joseph; unm. 

(1162) Aukey (or Auke) Wickoff , b. Oct. 29, 1748; d. Apr. 26, 1820; 
in.. Dec. 25. 1769. Sarah Schenck, who was b. Nov. 11, 1749. He resided 
at Tinton Falls, Monmouth co., N. J. He was a Lieut. Colonel in the 
Revolution and was captured near Allentown in one of the British raids, 
but afterwards exchanged. A monument to his memory and patriotic 
services was erected near his home, which still stands. Children : 

1 189. Altje, b. Apr. 14, 1771 ; d. Aug. 12, 1775. 

1 190. Garret. 

1 191. Jannetje, b. May 23, 1775; d. Sept. 18, 1826; m., Sept. 26, 

1803, LefTert Leffertson. 

1 1 92. William Auke. 

Seventh Generation 

(1163) Peter G. Wyckoff ; d. 1828; m., Aug. 2, 1775, Rynsie Denyse. 
He was a farmer of Flatlands, L. I. Children: 

1 193. Garret P. 

1 194. Isaac. 

1 195. Jane; m., Dec. 8 

1 196. Cornelia; m. 

1 197. Peter. 

1198. Phebe, b. Apr. 13. 1792; d. Oct. 11, 1857; m 

1 8 10. Jeromus Vanderveer, of Jamaica. L. I. 

b. June 11, 1784. and d. Aug. 28, 1828. 
(1.164) fearcnt Wyckoff, b. Nov. 10, 1753; d. Sept. 22, 1833; m., 
Sept. 13, 1791, Helen Van Pelt, who was b. Jan. 30, 1770, and d. Jan. 31, 
1852. He was a farmer in Flatlands, Kings co., L. I. Children: 

1 199. Jane, b. 1792; d. 1885; m. Isaac Collins, of Bloomfield, 

N. J. 

1200. Sarah; m. William C. Stoothoff. 

1201. Rynsie; m., Oct. 13, 1835, Peter G. Wyckoff. 

1202. Aaron; unm. 

1203. Joanna, b. May 23, 1S08; d. Aug. 9, 1832; unm. 

(1166) Garret Wyckoff, bapt. Dec. 5, 1762; m. Magdalen Selover. 
He was a farmer at Flatlands, L. I. Child : 

1204. Jane; m. Cropsey. 



1803, Albert Van Dyke. 
— Couwenhoven. 



Dec. 23. 

who was 



Notes on the Wyckoff Family 291 

(1167) Garret Wikoff, b. May 14, 1758; d. May 10, 1851; m. (1), 
Dec. 2J, 1794, Helena Van Cleef, who was b. Jan. 28, 1765, and d. July 
6, 1832; (2), Jan. 8, 1834, Patience Scott, who was b. July 6, 1781, and 
d. Apr. 24, 1845. He was a farmer in Monmouth co., X. J. Through 
him was preserved much of the early family history. No children. 

(1168) William F. Wikoff, b. Feb. 12, 1761 ; m., Nov. 21, 1782, 
Lydia Brown, who was b. Jan. 5, 1751. He was a farmer near Middle- 
town, Monmouth co., N. J. Children: 

1205. Eleanor (or Nelly), b. May 9, 1783; m. David Gordon. 

1206. Garret W. 

1207. Samuel, b. Oct. 2^, 1787; no further trace. 

1208. Patience, b. Apr. 11, 1790. Resided in western New York, 

no further trace. 

1209. Ann, b. Feb. 5, 1792; m. Matthew Hulseart. 

1210. Agnes A., b. Apr. 9, J794; no further trace. 

121 1. William W., b. Apr. 7, 1796; no further trace. 

1212. Lydia H., b. July 16, 1798; m. Edward Taylor. 

1213. Louisa F., b. Jan. 2, 1803; no further trace. 

(1169) Samuel Wikoff, b. Aug. 30, 1763; d. Nov. 24, 1828; m., 
Mar. 5, 1788, Sarah Van Cleef, who was bapt. Nov. 15, 1767, and d. Sept 
13, 1813. He lived in Brooklyn, N. Y., w T here he changed the spelling 
of his name to Wyckoff. Children : 

1214. Patience, b. Oct. 2, 1788; d. Apr. 4, 1862; m. William T. 

Lawrence, a school teacher in various schools of Kings 
co., N. Y. 

12 1 5. Garret, b. May 3, 1791 ; d. Jan. 5, 1796. 

1216. Lena, b. Aug. 8, 1792; d. Jan. 15, 1861 ; unm. 

1217. Sarah, b. Sept. 11, 1794; d. Aug. 2j, 1827; m., Feb. 22, 

181 5, Charles Poling. 

1218. Benjamin Van Cleef, b. Sept. 5, 1803; d. Nov. 10, 1862; 

unm. 

1219. Harriet, b. Apr. 4, 1801 ; d. May 3, 1845; m - Nathaniel 

Smith. 

1220. Shipman, b. June 20, 1805; d. Aug. 28, 1805. 

1221. William, b. Sept. 21, 1S08; d. Apr. 25, 1809. 

(1170) Peter Wikoff, b. Dec. 28. 1765; d. Sept. 8, 1S29; m., Sept. 
8, 1791, Catharine M. Tice. He lived in Monmouth co., N. J., until 1800, 
when he removed to Warren co., Ohio, where he owned a large property. 
He was a soldier in the War of 1812. Children: 

1222. Garret P. 

1223. Peter. 

1224. Williamson. 



292 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

1225. Jacob; probably <i. young; no trace. 

1226. Mary Ann ; m. William Harper. 

1227. Helen; m. James Harper. 

1228. Sarah Ann; m. Thomas Hall. 

1229. Catharine; m. Belch. 

( 1 1 7 1 ) Arthur Williamson Wikoff, b. Aug. 19, 1768; d. Oct. 9, 1828; 
m., Sept. 2j, 1794, Eleanor Conover, who was b. Nov. n, 1775, and d. 
Mar. 17, 181 1. He lived until about 1810 in Monmouth co., N. J., when 
he removed to Middletown, Butler co., Ohio, where he owned a large 
farm. Children : 

1230. Rulief. 

1231. Patience, b. June 28, 1797; m. Peter Schenck. 

1232. Garret. 

1233. Anna Schenck, b. Mar. 16, 1801 ; m. Meeker Morton. 

1234. Benjamin Griggs ; no children. 

1235. Jane, b. Oct. 7, 1805; m., June 19, 1822, Samuel Morton. 

1236. Eleanor Conover, b. May 6, 1808; m. Christopher Fol- 

cross. 

1237. Helena, b. Mar. 17, 181 1; m., Feb. 1, 1832, Benjamin Du 

Bois, who was b. May 5, 1810. 

(1172) Oakey Wikoff, b. Apr. 14, 1771 ; d. Sept. 12, 1852; m., Oct. 
7, 1794, Mary Antonides, who was b. Dec. 1, 1778. He lived in Mon- 
mouth co., N. J., until 1810, when he moved to Middletown, Butler co., 
Ohio; later to Carlisle, Warren co., Ohio. He was a tailor by trade. 
Children : 

1238. John. 

1239. Alletta, b. Feb. 18, 1798; d. Jan. 8, 1847; m -> J ime 2 6, 

18 1 7, Aaron Brewer. 

1240. Patience, b. July 9, 1800; d. July 4, 1839; m.. Sept. 12, 

1823, Jediah Thropp (or Thorpe). 

1241. Garret. 

1242. Isaac Van Doren. 

1243. Jacob, b. May 30, 1808; no further trace. 

1244. Louis, b. Jan. 17, 181 1; m. Elizabeth Larose; no further 

trace. 

1245. Sarah A., b. Oct. 24, 1813; m. Lewis Wolf. 

1246. Barclay, b. Apr. 13, 1816; m. Sarah Wolf; no further 

trace. 

1247. William G., b. Nov. 19, 1819; m. Hannah Tilton; no further 

trace. 

1248. Peter C. 

(1173) Garret Wikoff, b. Sept. 22, 1762; d. Jan. 12, 1838; m., 1790, 



Notes on the IVyckoff Family 293 

Rachel Croxson, who was b. 1770 and d. 1857. lie lived in Monmouth 
co., N. J., until 1S03, when he bought a large farm near Millstone, Som- 
erset Co., N. J., where he lived and died. Children : 

1249. Hannah, b. Jan. 14, 1791 ; d. young. 

1250. Gitty Ann, b. May 5, 1793; d. May 15, 1818; m., 1813, 

Garret Garretson. 

1251. William B. 

1252. Samuel. 

1253. Jacob Brewer, b. Aug. 30, 1798; d. 1806. 

1254. Hannah, b. May 2/, 1800; m. John Wilson. 

1255. Peter G. 

1256. John Hendrickson, b. Sept. 4, 1803 ; d. young. 

1257. Thomas Saxton. 

1258. Jacob Brewer (2nd). 

1259. Maria, b. Nov. 1, 1809; d. Feb. 13, 1876; m. John Bur- 

tis. 

1260. Rachel, b. Aug. 4,' 181 1; m. Polhemus Stryker. 

1 26 1. Garret. 

The above family changed the spelling of the name to Wyckoff. 

(1174) Jacob WikofT, b. Mar. 25, 1765; d. Sept. 23, 1827; m., Feb. 
17, 1795. Alice Green (dau, of William and Ann) who was b. Dec. 13, 
1772, and d. Mar. g, 1837. He was a farmer, and lived and d. near 
Imlaystown, Monmouth co., N. J. Children: 

1262. William. 

1263. Ann, b. Dec. 4, 1797; d. Apr. 12, 1837; m., Feb. 27, 1816, 

Daniel D. Denise. 

1264. Samuel, b. Feb. 27.. 1800; d. July 21, 1846; no further 

trace. 

1265. Henry. 

1266. Garret. 

1267. Jacob, b. Jan. 19, 1807; d. July 25, 1825; unm. 

1268. Gertrude, b. Apr. 9, 1809; d. June 7. 1S41 ; m., Dec. 20, 

1838, John Hallowell. 

1269. John F. 

1270. Ezekiel. 

1271. Joshua Bennet, b. Feb. 18, 1811; d. Feb. 26, 1854; unm. 

(1175) Samuel S. Wikoff, b. Sept. 2, 1767; d. Nov. 28, 1846; m. 
(1) Vashti Ireton, who was b. Dec. 25, 1785, and d. Jan. 16. 1S13; (2) 
Ann (or Nancy) Henderson, who was b. June 30, 1792, and d. Jan. 
28, 1846. He was born and lived in Upper Freehold, Monmouth co., N. 
J., until 1820, when he moved to Ohio. He was a tanner and shoemaker 
by trade. In Ohio he was a farmer. Children : 



294 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

1272. Joseph. 

1273. Samuel ; no further trace. 

1274. Achsah, b. Dec. 24, 1806. 

1275. William I. 

1276. Charles ; no further trace. 

1277. Jacob; no further trace. 
By second wife: 

1278. Vashti, b. May 13, 18 16. 

1279. Garret ; no further trace. 

1280. Augustus Clark; no further trace. 

1 28 1. Gertrude W., b. Aug. 9, 1821 ; d. July 24, 1861 ; m. John 
Vtt Vail. ^V§>V l*K '^\ 

1282. Jonathan H., b. Apr. 28, 1823; d. Aug. 27, 1842; unm. 

1283. Peter William; no further trace. 

1284. John H. 

1285. Hudson. 

1286. Daughter, b. Jan. 14, 1832 ; d. young. 

1287. Lemuel ; no further trace. 

1288. Mary Ann, b. Nov. 14, 1836; d. Sept., 1913; m. 

Fouch. 

[To be Continued] 

*&*t t&* t&& i?* 

VOOBHEES-NEVIUS BTTBYING-GBOUND INSCRIPTIONS 

BY MRS. SARAH V. CLARK, MIDDLEBUSH, N. J. 

This burying-ground is located along the road running south from Mid- 
dlebush to Laird's Corner, in the rear of a farm now owned by Mrs. Mary 
• Voorhees Blackwell. It was purchased by Nevius Estate several years 
ago. The oldest burial is of a child (sou of Jacques Voorhees) in 1789. 
The following is an abstract of the inscriptions : 

Bound, Anna Maria (dau .of Henry and Maria), d. Oct. 26, 1866, aged 

23 yrs., 10 mos., 22 dys. 
Bound, Charlie Grant (son of Henry and Ann Eliza), d. July 19, f566, 

aged 4 mos.. 25 dys. 
Bound, Henry, d. Dec. 21, 1871, aged 58 yrs., 11 mos. 
Bound, Lawrence, d. Mar. 24, 1888, aged 48 yrs., 1 mo., 6 dys. 
Bound, Maria Suydam (wife of Henry), d. Dec. 13. 1861, aged 54 yrs., 

3 mos., 20 dys. 
Conover, Lydia (wife of Abram), d. Mar. 20, 1851. in 34th yr. 
Conover, Win. G. (son of Abram and Lydia), d. Oct., 1851. 
De Hart, Dorcas (wife of John), d. July 10, 1863. a^ed 24 vrs., 7 mos., 

8 dys. 



V oorhcesS ei'lus Burying '-Ground Inscriptions 295 

De Hart, John, d. Jan. 14, 1862, aged 30 yrs., 9 mos., 19 dys. "Soldier." 

De Hart, John I., b. 1804. d. 1882. 

De Hart, Maria Snydarn (wife of John I.) f b. 1804; d. 1851. 

De Hart, Theodore (Co. B, 9th Regt. N. J. Vols.), b. 1840; d. 1888. 

De Hart, Yoorhees (Co. G, 38th Regt. X. J. Vols.), b. 1844; d. 1886. 

Errickson, Emmeline (wife of Jacob A.), d. Oct. 17, 1847, aged 22 yrs., 

11 mos., 13 dys. 
Errickson, Nathan M. (son of Jacob and Emmeline), d. Feb. 7, 1845, 

aged 1 yr., 3 mos., 26 dys. 
Hagaman, Aaron, d. Sept. 10, 1841 ; aged 32 yrs., 10 mos. 
Hagaman, Francis W., d. Sept. 11, 1843, a S e d 30 yrs., 5 mos. 
Hageman, Seyche Voorhees (wife of Benjamin), d. July 27, 1833, aged 

16 yrs., 8 mos. 
Hardenberg. Jacques Voorhees, b. Sept. 10, 1828; d. Jan. 6, 1878. 
Nevius, Altey (wid. of Peter), d. May 7, 1803, aged 69 yrs., 4 mos., 11 

dys. 
Nevius, Ann Van Liew (wid. of Jacques J. Voorhees and wife of John 

S. Nevius), d. May 21, 1870, aged 75 yrs., 2 mos., 6 dys. 
Nevius, Catherine (wife of Michael R.), d. 1833. 
Nevius, Catherine, d. Feb. 20, 1861, aged 65 yrs., 9 mos. 
Nevius, David, d. Mar. 12, 1S25, aged 63 yrs., 9 mos. 
Nevius, Elbert, d. Apr. 24, 1807, aged 26 yrs., 6 mos.. 11 dys. 
Nevius, Elizabeth Schureman (relict of David), d. Sept. 15, 1831, aged 

70 yrs., 1 mo., 13 dys. 
Nevius, George (son of Michael R. and Phebe), d. Feb. 29, i860, aged 

13 yrs., 1 mo., 5 dys. 
Nevius, James Schurman (son of David and Elizabeth), d. Aug. 16, 1794, 

aged 3 yrs., 3 mos., 17 dys. 
Nevius, Jane Voorhees (wife of Peter D.), d. May 1, 1835, aged 90 yrs., 

17" dys. 
Nevius, Johannah (wid of Peter), d. Jan. 28, 1794, aged 69 yrs., 19 dys. 
Nevius, John P., d. Jan. 13, 1846, aged 69 yrs., 10 dys. 
Nevius, Joseph, d. June 5, 1835, in 22nd yr. 
Nevius, Martin, d. July 2, 1817, aged 16 yrs., 2 mos. 
Nevius, Michael R., d. Sept. 26, 1857, aged 57 yrs., 6 mos., 9 dys. 
Nevius, Peter, d. Dec. 2. 1793. aged 73 yrs., 4 mos., 3 dys. 
Nevius, Peter P.. d. June 2, 18 15, aged 66 yrs. 

Nevius, Ralph Voorhees (son of Peter and Cornelia), d. Mar. 2, 1849. 
Nevius, Sarah (dau. of Peter and Janaque), d. Mar. 11, 1793, aged 4 

mos. 
Polhemus, Daniel, d. Jan. 8, 1847. a & e d 70 yrs., 5 mos., 8 dys. 
Polhemus, Daniel C. (son of Daniel and Lydia), d. Sept. 18, 1827, aged 

18 yrs., 8 mos., 20 dys. 
Polhemus, Emeline B., b. Mar. 5, 1863, d. May 5. 1864. 
Polhemus, Emeline Van Liew (wid. of William), b. Sept. 30, 1813; d. 

Nov. 14, 1896. 
Polhemus, Lydia Conover (wife of Daniel), d. Oct. 24, 1843, a & e d 64 

yrs., 11 mos., 24 dys. 
Polhemus, Mary Cowenhoven (consort of Daniel Polhemus), d. 1S06, 

aged 28 yrs. 



296 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Polhemus, William (son of William and Emmeline), d. 1851. 

Polhcmus, William, b. Mar. 20, 1810; d. Aug. 14, 1866. 

Polhemus, William (son of Daniel and Susan), b. Nov. 29, 1869; d. 

Mar. 30, 1891. 
Scott, Amy (wid. of William), d. Apr. 12, 1861. 
Scott, Martin (son of William and Amy), d. Nov. 3, 1809. 
Scott, Mary Ann (dau. of William and Amy), d. Mar. 19, 1828. 
Scott, William, d. Mar. 6, 1816, aged 51 yrs., 3 mos., 8 dys. 
Sutphen, Gertrude, d. May 26, 1884, in 79th yr. 
Sutphen, Isaac, d. May 6, 181 1, in 30th yr. 
Sutphen, Mary (wid. of Isaac), d. 1853. 
Skillman, Abram (son of Aaron and Mary Ann), d. Mar. 20, 1834, 

aged 1 yr. 
Skillman, Catherine Ann (dau. of Aaron and Mary Ann), d. Dec. 13, 

1834, aged 6 yrs., 9 mos., 7 dys. 
Skillman, Mary Ann Van Pelt (wife of Aaron H.), d. Jan. 7, i860, aged 

51 yrs., 11 mos., 26 dys. 
Snyder, Catherine Sarah Suydam (wife of W. H.), d. 1870. 
Stoothoff, Ann (wife of Peter), d. Dec. 12, 1796, aged 53 yrs., 2 mos., 

4 dys. 
Stoothoff, Elbert, d. 1845, aged 80 yrs. 
Stoothoff, Eliza Ann (wife of Peter), d. June 17, 1832, aged 26 yrs., 4 

mos., 24 dys. 
Stoothoff, Eliza Ellen (dau. of Peter and Eliza Ann), d. July 3, 1843, 

aged 11 yrs., 5 mos., 3 dys. 
Stoothoff, Ellen (wife of Elbert), d. 1836, in 78th yr. 
Stoothoff, Johannes, d. Jan. 25. 1798, aged 71 yrs., 6 mos., 19 dys. 
Stoothoff, Juda (wid. of Peter), d. Dec. 24, 1847. a £ ed 83 yrs., 2 mos. 
Stoothoff, Peter (long an Elder in the Church of Christ), b. Apr. 1, 1746; 

d. 1826, aged 80 yrs., 3 mos., 26 dys. 
Stoothoff, Sally, d. Apr. 28, 1837, in 74th yr. 
Stoothoff, Sarah (wid of Johannes), d. June 24, 1809, aged 85 yrs., 2 

mos. 

Suydam, Abigail (wife of Laurence), d. Dec. , in 26th yr. 

Suydam, Charity De Mott (wid. of Tohn), b. Feb. 19, 1776: d. Oct. 27, 

1852. 
Suydam, Gertrude Suydam (wife of Joseph), d. Sept. 24, 1848, aged 79 

yrs., 11 mos., 7 dys. 
Suydam, Isaac (son of Joseph and Mary), d. Jan. 6, 1836, aged 19 yrs.. 

4 mos, 4 dys. 
Suydam, Isaac, d. Feb. 21, 1872, aged 70 yrs., 11 mos., 9 dys. 
Suydam, Jane Voorhees (dau. of Joseph and Mary), d. Dec. 26, 1S20, 

aged 17 yrs., 2 mos., 24 dys. 
Suydam, John (son of Joseph and Mary), d. June 21, 1845. a S ec * 35 

yrs., 8 mos.. 3 dys. 
Suydam, John, d. Nov. 15, 1849, 1tl 85th yr. 
Suydam, Joseph A., d. Dec. 22, 1867, aged 95 yrs., 8 dys. 
Suydam, Laurence, d. Aug. 11, 1838, in 73rd yr. 
Suydam, Mary Brown (wife of Joseph A.), d. May 21, 1851, aged 77 

vrs., 18 dvs. 



Voorhccs-X cviiis Burying-Ground Inscriptions 297 

Suydam, Mathew (son of Joseph and Mary), d. Feb. 26, 1824, aged 2$ 

yrs., 4 dys. 
Suydam, Ryke, d. Nov. 12, 1824, aged 78 yrs. 
Suydam, Sarah (wife of Joseph), d. Mar. n, 1818, aged 36 yrs. 
Van Pelt, Abraham, d. July 25, 1848, aged 85 yrs. 
Van Pelt, Ellen Williamson (wife of Abraham), d. Oct. 13, 1855, aged 

8y yrs., 4 mos., 14 dys. 
Veghte, Henry Clay (son of William and Sarah), d. Sept. 4, 1834, aged 

1 yr., 9 mos., 13 dys. 
Voorhees, Abraham (the friend of education; son of Abraham and 

Grace), b. Jan. 29, 1787; d. Feb. 13, 1S67. 
Voorhees, Abraham J., d. Mar. 4, I§p6, aged 38 yrs., 4 mos., 14 dys. 
Voorhees, Abraham J., b. Nov. 20, 1794; d. May 19, 1880. 
Voorhees, Ann Van Liew (wid. of Jacques J.). (See Xevius, Ann Van 

Liew). 
Voorhees, Dinah Stryker (wife of Jacques), d. at Utica, N. Y., May 

10, 1 83 1, aged 63 yrs.. 9 mos., 13 dys. 
Voorhees, Frederick (son of Frederick V. L. and Eliza T.), d. July 30, 

1855, aged 1 yr., 5 mos., 1 dy. 
Voorhees, Grace (wid. of Abraham J.), d. Feb. 15, 1845, a & e ^ 79 y rs -> 

5 mos., 19 dys. 

Voorhees, Idah Van Liew (wife of Abraham J.), d. Oct. 12, 1S63, aged 

63 yrs., 8 mos., 28 dys. 
Voorhees, Jacques (son of Jacques and Dinah), d. Aug. 25, 1789, aged 

6 mos., 8 dys. 

Voorhees, Jacques, d. Mar. 24, 1792, aged 38 yrs., 11 mos., 4 dys. 
Voorhees, Jacques, d. Oct. 9, 1802, aged 38 yrs., 11 mos., 2 dys. 
Voorhees, Jacques (son of Jacques and Ann"), b. Oct. 10, 1 8 1 5 ; d. Mar. 

8, 1889. 
Voorhees, Jaques Augustus (son of Frederick V. L. and Eliza T.), d. 

Apr. 14, 1853, aged 3 mos., 20 dys. 
Voorhees, Jacques J., d. Sept. 21, 1828. aged 36 yrs., 3 mos., 25 dys. 
Voorhees, John I. (son of Jacques and Dinah), d. Oct. 12, 1821, aged 

31 yrs., 1 mo., 27 dys. 
Voorhees, Letitia (wife of Laning), d. Mar. 29, 1864, aged 69 yrs., 6 

mos., 5 dys. 
Voorhees, Marta, d. June 4, 182S, aged 86 yrs., "after a course of 

eminent piety." 
Voorhees, Matilda (dau. of Frederick V. L. and Eliza T.), d. Jan. 30, 

1852, aged 8 mos., 25 dys. 
Voorhees, Matilda (dau. of John and Sarah), d. May 12, 1857, aged 1 

yr., 1 mo., 9 dys. 
Voorhees, Matilda Dc Mott (dau. of John and Sarah), b. Dec. 2S, 1S69; 

d. Feb. 6, 1871. 
Voorhees, Mrs. Nelly, d. Aug. 12, 1796, aged 59 yrs., 2 mos., 17 dys. 
Voorhees, Peter (son of Jacques and Dinah), d. Oct. 27, 1798, aged 2 

yrs., 1 mo., 15 dys. 
Voorhees, Roelof. d. July 23. 1811, a^ed 63 vrs., 5 mos., 12 dvs. "Elder 

of Ref. church at Six-Mile Run." 
Voorhees, Sarah (wife of Garret), d. Aug. 13, 1806, aged 80 yrs., 10 

mos., 18 dys. 



298 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Voorhees, William (son of John and Sarah), d. Mar. 19, 1863, aged 9 

rnos., 18 dys. 
Whitlock, Johnny (son of Robert D. and Mary), d. May 10, 1844, aged 

10 mos., 7 dys. 
Whitlock, Liddy Ann (dau. of Robert D. and Mary), d. Oct. 29, 1855, 

aged 1 yr., 7 mos., 19 dys. 
Yates, Catherine Fonda (dau. of John F. and Mary C.), d. Dec. 17, 1851, 

aged 17 yrs., 4 mos., 10 dys. 
Yates, Daniel P. (son of John F. and Mary C. Polhemus), b. June 12, 

1839; d. Oct. 7, 1877. (Soldier). 
Yates, William S., b. Feb. 15, 1844; d- Apr. 12, 1883. (Soldier). 

<<5* t&* t&* <£& 

VARIOUS FRANKLIN TOWNSHIP BURYING-GROUND INSCRIPTIONS 

BY JACOB WYCKOFF, MIDDLEBUSH, N. J. 

The following abstracts of inscriptions are from a burial plot on what 
was once the Jeremiah Garretson farm, between Bound Brook and Union- 
dale, in Franklin township, Somerset County : 

Cowenhoven, Catharine (wife of Nicholas), d. April 22, 181 5, in 78th 

Cowenhoven, Nicholas, Sr., d. Alar. 19, 1803, in 66th yr. 
Cowenhoven, Nicholas, d. Mar. 8, 1807, aged 34 yrs., 2 mos., 8 dys. 
Cowenhoven, Peter, d. Apr. 23, 1802, in 36th yr. 

Jobs, Becky, (dau. of Adam and Caty Jobs), d. Aug. 5, 1795, in 10th yr. 
[Some stones have probably disappeared]. 

The following are on a farm at the foot of the Cedar Grove road, 
between Bound Brook and New Brunswick, also in Franklin township : 

Fulkerson, Maria (wife of Richard), d. Feb. 20, 1839, in 91st yr. 
Fulkerson, Richard, b. Jan. 31, 1747; d. June 12, 1822. 

D. F. 1700. (Rough brown stone). 

[Other irregular stones are lying about, but with no visible inscrip- 
tions] . 

The following are in an unenclosed graveyard on the farm of Franz 
Runge, Cedar Grove, between Bound Brook and Middlebush; formerly 
a Bennett farm; also in Franklin township : 

Bennett, John (son of Eldert and Catharine), d. Dec. 29, 1840, aged 

6 yrs. 
Rappelye, George, d. Jan. 8, 1797, aged S3 >' r s. 
Smith, Eldert, d. May 28, 1816, aged 92 yrs. 

E. S. (A home-cut stone beside that of "Eldert Smith). 

[Seven or eight other stones are set in the ground, but with initials 
gone, if there ever were any; probably others have disappeared. The 
whole in a thicket of trees and poison ivy]. 



North Plainfield Township Burying-Ground Inscriptions 299 

The following are on a farm of Edward Smalley, along the canal 
road midway between New Brunswick and Bound Brook, at the end of 
the road leading across from Smalley's to Middlebush ; also in Franklin 
township : 

Auten, Ann (wife of Capt. John, and dau. of Dennis Smock), d. Mar. 12, 

1822, aged 54 yrs., 3 mos., 17 dys. 
Booram, Ellen (dau. of John and Elizabeth), d. Aug. 31, 1797, aged 1 yr., 

3 mos., 13 dys. 
Bowman, Catharine (wife of Peter), d. Nov. 21, 1840, aged 66 yrs. 
Bowman, Peter, d. Sept. 6, 1840, aged y/ yrs., 9 mos. 
Lowe, William Henry (son of Wm. H. and Sarah), d. Sept. 10, 1850, 

aged 2 yrs., 8 mos., 19 dys. 
Rappleye, Cornelia (dau. of Jerome and Susannah), b. Feb. 29, 1796; 

d. Oct. 8, 1816. 
Rappleyea, Colonel Jerome, d. Dec. 9, 1834, aged 73 yrs., 3 mos., 16 dys. 
Rappleye, Susannah (wife of Col. Jerome), d. July 21, 1828, aged 69 yrs., 

2 mos., 27 dys. 
Smock, Dennis, d. Sept. 18, 1823, in 83rd yr. 
Smock, Elizabeth (dau. of Dennis and Deborah), d. May 28, 1806, in 

37th yr. 
Van Home, Catharine Ann (dau. of William and Lanah), d. Aug. 29, 

1829, aged 2 mos. 
Van Home, Hannah W. (dau. of William and Lanah), d. Aug. 22, 1829, 

aged 11 yrs. 
Voorhees, Abraham, d. Dec. 4, 1835, aged 93 yrs., 21 dys. 
Voorhees, Elcy (wife of Abraham and dau. of John Vandervort), d. 

Nov. 24, 1799, in 49th yr. 
.[There are two unhewn stones, unmarked ; perhaps several are gone; 
there are also some unmarked graves]. 

„< & j* & 
NORTH PLAINFIELD TOWNSHIP BURYING-GROUND INSCRIPTIONS 



The following abstract of inscriptions are from the burying-ground on 
the north side of the ice pond, about one thousand feet from the icehouse 
at Watchung, North Plainfield township, Somerset County, on the farm 
formerly known as the Spencer farm, more recently owned by Gerald 
Underhill and now in part owned by the Plainfield Ice and Supply Co. 
The inscriptions were taken July 15, 19 10, by Mr. Sidney H. Moore, of 
Ridgewood, N. J., and on Nov. 13, 191 5, by Mr. William B. Van Alstyne. 
of Plainfield, N. J. The differences in dates indicate differences in the 
copies. This burying-ground is overrun with bushes and weeds, and is 
at present almost inaccessible. 

Demler, David (son of George and Mary), d. Aug. 25, 1849 acr ed 2 
mos., 25 dys. 



300 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Demler, Mary (wife of George), d. July 27, 1854, aged 23 yrs., 8 mos., 

20 dys. 
Demler, Mary (dau. of George and Mary), d. June 16, 1854, aged 1 yr., 

9 mos., 26 dys. 

Demler, Mary C. (wife of George), d. Feb. 28, 1857, in 28th yr. 

Doty, Henry, d. May 31, 1797, in 30th yr. 

[Goodman, Valentine, Co. I, 30th Reg., N. J. Vols. Buried here, but 

stone, if any, not found]. 
Mirax, Simeon, d. Mar. 16, 1884, aged 40 yrs. (Co. I, 30th N. J. Vols.; 

also Co. I, 5th N. J. Vols.). 
Mirax, W. L., d. Sept. 24, 1871. (Co. I, 30th N. J. Vols.). 
O'Connor, Maryann (dau. of Michael and Rachel), d. Jan. 31, 18 17, aged 

10 mos. 

O'Conner, Rachel (wife of Michael and dau. of David and Rachel Stew- 
art), d. Dec. 11, 1816, in 20th yr. 
O'Conner, Rhoda (second w^ife of Michael and dau. of David and 

Rachel Stewart), d. Nov. 25 [28?] 1818, aged 20 yrs. 
> Runyon, Reuben (son of David B. and Phebe), d. Nov. 17, 1825, in 

24th yr. 
Smalley, Abigail (wife of James), d. July 13, 181 1, in 66th yr. 
Smalley, Jacob, d. Aug. 22, 1836, in 81 st yr. 
Smalley, James, d. Feb. 21, 1812, in 70th yr. 
Smalley, Tabitha (wife of Jacob), d. Apr. 18, 1803, m 41st yr. 
Stewart, Ann (wife of William D.), d> Feb. 29,- 1848, in 55th yr. 
Stewart, David, d. Sept. 2^, 1836, in 79th yr. 
Stewart, Rachel (wife of David), d. Oct. 9, 1847, in 85th yr. 
Stewart, Samuel (son of David and Rachel), d. June 26, 1807, in 25th yr. 
Stewart, William D., d. Sept. 5, 1865, [1868?] aged 75 yrs., 11 mos., 4 

dys. 
Willet, Lewis, d. Mar. 15, 1822, in 27th yr. 
Wilson, Lewis (son of James and Ruth Ann), d. Dec. 7,1847, aged 20 

yrs., 7 mos., 28 dys. 
Wilson, Martha (dau. of James and Ruth Ann), d. July 27, 1858, aged 

26 yrs. 
Wilson, Zachariah (son of James and Ruth Ann), d. Aug. 11, 1858, aged 

23 yrs., 6 mos., 4 dys. 
[Three other stones without inscriptions] . 

The following inscriptions are from a burying-ground on the road 
from Smalleytown to Union Village, Warren township, Somerset Cou^*-- , 
in a piece of woods east of the road; visited April 12, 1906, and 1 

by Mr. Sidney H. Moore : 

Coddington, Hetty Jane (dau. of Isaac V. and Phebe), d. Sept. 11, 

aged 6 mos., 14 dys. 
Dixon (?), Sarah (wife of Samuel and dau. of Stephen and E 

Ruckman), d. May 17, 1840 [or 1844], aged 5 yrs. 
Gunn, George (son of James and Elizabeth), d. Oct. 8, 1856, ag 

mos., 16 dys. 
Gunn, John, d. June 15, 1852. aged 22 yrs. 
Leforge, Abraham, d. Dec. 21, 1831, aged 67 yrs. 



Rcadington Church Baptisms from 1720 301 

Moore, Isaac, d. April 28, 1833, a £*d &4 > TS -> 8 mos. 

Moore, Lydia Bfedell] (wife of Isaac), d. 1842, aged 74 yrs. 

Stevens, Susan (wife of William, and dau, of Isaac Moore), d. May 27, 

1845, a & e d 41 yrs. 
Stevens, William, d. Jan. 18, 1855, aged 52 yrs., 4 mos., 18 dys. 
Tucker, Amos L., d. Sept. 6, 1845, aged 22 yrs., 10 mos., 10 dys. 
Tucker, Deborah (wife of Joseph), d. Dec. 8, 1865, aged 93 yrs. 
Tucker, Joseph, d. Feb. 8, 1840, aged 73 yrs., 1 mo. 
Tucker, Lines, d. May 16, 1871, aged 78 yrs., 10 mos., 8 dys. 
Tucker, Mahala (wife of Lines), d. Mar. 22, i860, aged 52 yrs. 
Tucker, Manning F. (son of Lines and Fhebe), d. Oct. 31, 183 — , aged 

2 yrs., 10 mos., 1 da. 
Tucker, Martha S. (dau. of Lines and Phebe), d. Feb. 1, 1853, aged 20 

yrs. 
Tucker, Phebe (wife of Lines), d. June 29, 185 1, aged 57 yrs., 18 dys. 

t&& t&* •£& £h 

REABINGION CHUBCH BAPTISMS FROK 1720 

TRANSLATED BY THE PASTOR, REV. B. V. D. WYCKOFF 

[Continued from Page 232] 
1766. 
June 8. Brower, Daniel and Mariya — Elesebet. 
Clickner, Jurrey and Elsye — Diena. 
22. Stoll, Jan and Jannetie — Mariya. 
July 20. Lane, Geisbert and Matje — Corneles. 

Van midelswart, Teunes and Sara — Antye. 
Vantein, Charrel and Elisebct — Mariya. 
Aug. 24. Vannest, Johannes and Yudick — Catlyna. 
Sept. 7. Coul, Simon and Mariya — YVilliem. 

Pettenger, Flendrick and Catrena — Williem. 
24. Cole. Jesaja and Sara — Tiunes. / 
Oct. 5. Cownover, Necasai and Catrina — Petres. 
Van Sickle, Rinier and Mayake — Peter. 
Stoll, Jacob and Sara — Jenneke. 
Tine, Andries and Angenietie — Marja. 
Gerresse, Gerret and Sara — Stientie. 
Nov. 15. Casine, Coneles and Antye — Gerret. 

Van Viet, Willem and Mariya — Elesebet. 
16. Bowman, Thomaes and Ragel — Petres. 
30. Haft, Steven and Eva — Elisebct. 
Dec. 21. Van Sicklen, Jan and Stintye — Catlyna. 
Shets, Williem and Debera — Williem. 
Hoffman, Jacob and Stintje — Jacob. 
1767. 
Feb. 15. Tenick, Abraham and Sara — Begeltie. 
Vanhorn, Jemes and Elesebet — John. 
Merlett, Marck and Serviya — Sara. 
Vanarsdalen, Isaac and Lammetie— Gerret. 
Alar. 1. Ffardenberg, Gerardes and Nensey — Johannes Reierse. 



302 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

Apr. 5. Bigs, Peter and Elescbet — Frederick. 
Hall, John and Sara — Willetn. 
Aten, Jan and Marya — Jacobes. 
Lesk, Peter and Caetie — David. 
Vannest, Fernandes and Marya — Jacobes. 
Egbert, Jobn and Metye — Tinnes. 
Vanderbelt, Corneles and Stintie — Jacob.' 
Keilingger, Phillep and Plenne — Ragel. 
Merlett, Jan and Jannctie — Nieltie. 
Egbert, Necolas and Marya — Elesebet. 
Le fever, Simon and Marya — Anathe. 
MecKenne, David and Rebecka — Isaac. 
Setyen^JPeter and Catlina — Elesebet and Neeltie. 
Tenbrock, Jan and Gerritje — Johannes. 
Cole, Ezekiel and Lena — Marya. 
Teunesse, Teunes and Arejaentie — Hendrickes. 
Post, Abraham and Stientie — Johannes. (Born Sept. 23, 1767 ; 

d. Sept. 2, 1769). 
Hofman, Johannes and Rebecka — Jacob, y 
Striker, Jan and Judick — Jacob. 
Vannetten, Jan and Maregreta — Catrena. 
Monfort, Abraham and Neeltie — Sara. 
Striker, Denise and Lena — Antye. 
Aten, Jan and Elesebet — Madelena. 
Janse, Abraham and Elesebet — Elsye. 

Meinders, Willem and Catrena — Hendrick. 

Bedine, Isaac and Marigreta — Elsye. 

Brovver, Daniel and Mariya — Sara. 

Bigs, Peter and Elesebet — George. (Born blind). 

Arey, Jacob and Catrina — Jacob. 

Meller, Jan and Febe — Ebbe. 

Queck, Petries and Johanna— Johannes. 

Low, Jan and Catrena — Judick. 

Callshet, Martice and Dina — Pieter. 

Vannostrant, Johannes and Antie — Anatie. 
July 10. Waldren, Corneles and Sara — Ida. 

Clickner, Joris and Elsye — Catrena. 
11. M'Kinne, Martecaii and Angeneitie — Willem. 
24. Salemon, Jacob and Sara — Anatie. 
Aug. 14. Swese, Emas and Ida — Jannetie. 

Bretten, Richard and Eva — Enne. 
Sept. 4. Trophagen, Hendrick and Annatie — Hendrick. 

Simonse, Jan and Catlina — Lena. 

Demon, Peter and Adreyana — Wilhelmus. 
Oct. 16. Demott, Isaac and Molle— David. 

Aten, Gerret and Dina — Willem. 

Neul, Peter and Dirckje — Johannes. 

Vanende, Corneles and Annatie — Cornelea. 
Nov. 6. Demott, Jacob and Nelle— Neeltie. 





26. 


May 


17- 




31- 


June 


7- 




14. 


July 


5- 




19. 


Aug. 


23- 


Sept. 


13- 


Oct. 


24. 




25. 


Nov. 


8. 


Dec. 


13. 




27. 


1768. 


Jan. 


SI- 


Feb. 


S' 


Mar. 


6. 


Apr. 


10. 


May 


29. 


June 


12. 



Readington Church Baptisms from IJ20 303 

Tine, Andries and Angenetie — Andrias. 

and Henne Keilenger — Sara. 

Dec. II. Vanarsdalen, Hendrick and Catlina — Hendrick. 
Devore, Daneel and Mary — Obediah. 

25. Vanderbilt, Jacobes and Elesebet— Andries. 

26. Hafman, Jacob and Stentie — Lena. Y 
1769. 

Feb. 5. Hall, Tobeies and Sara — Elesebet. 

Hall, John and Sara — Cornells Wickoff. 

Stout, Thomas and Jannetie — Gerret. 

Lane, Corneles and Sara — Hendrick. 
Mar. 12. Stoll, Jan and Jannetie — Antie. 

Cornel, Alber and Antie — Elesebet. 

Vanetten, Arie and Jacemantie — Sara. 

Bogert, Isaac and Neeltie — Annatie. 

Vlerboom, Servase and Femmetie Schamp — Knertie. 
May 21. Vansickle, Rinier and Mayeke — Sameel. 

Vanhuis, Isaac and Xeeltie — Jan. 
June 4. Monfort, Jacobes and Leya — Petres. 

Collshit, Matiees and Nensey — Peter. 
5. Green, John and Elesebet — Ellener. 

Vansickle, Jan and Maregreta — Henrey. 
25. Cock, Thomas and Ida — Thomas. 

Egbert, Nicolas and Mariya — Nicolas. 

Fanger, Williem and Cerstena — Jemes. 

Vansickle, Jan and Catrena — Mariya. 
t- Juty 3°- Egbert, Jan and Metye — Peules. 

Hafman, Johannes and Rebecka — Joseph. 

Cole, Ezekel and Lena Shipman — Ezekeel. 

Lane, Aron and Ledeya — Rebecka. 
Sept. 10. Van Veet, Willem and Mariya — Hendrickes. 



Bogert, Corneles and Nelle — Isaac. 
Oct. 29. Clickner, Jurrey and Elsye — Johannes. 



Vansickle, Corneles and Anne — Mariya. 
Biggs, Peter and Elesebcth — Elesebeth. 
Mackenne, David and Rebecke — Sara. 
Dec. 17. Cole, Jesaija and Sara — Mariya. 

Post, Abraham and Stientie — Johannes. (Born Nov. 9, 1769; 

d. Feb. 21, 1772). 
Hall, Georgs and Elesebet — Jan. 

Vansickle, Jan and Stientie — Abraham. 
Tenbrock, Jan and Trientie Vrome — Gerret. 
Monfort, Abraham and Neeltie — Saerthe. 
Brower, Daneel and Marya — Eva. 
Cule, Simon and Mariya — Fredrick. 
Janson, Peter and Antye — Mariya. 
Vanderbilt, Corneles and Stintie — Sara. 
Van horn, Jemes and Elesebet — Jemes. 
Setven, Peter and Catlina — Johannes. 



1770. 


Jan. 


7- 




28. 


Feb. 


18. 


Mar. 


4- 


Apr. 


8. 


May 


6. 




20. 


June 


?4- 


July 


7- 



304 Somerset County Historical Quarterly' 

Vanderbilt, Ares and Angenetic — Geertye. 

Cupper, Thomas and Mariya — Isaac. \J 
8. Striker, Jan and Judick — Eva. 

Co Zine, Peter and Wilemtie — Corneles. 

Meckdennel, Collen and Geertie — Jacob. 

Minders, Willem and Catrena — Johannes. 
29. Kenney, Michel and Mariya — Welliem. 
Aug. 12. Vannest, Johannes and Judick — Lena. 

McKenne, Martegaie and Angnetic — Antie. 

Bedine, Isaac and Maregreta — Maregreta. 

Devore, Daneel and Sara — Mariya. 

Demon, Peter and Adryana — YVelhelmes. ' 
Sept. 9. Traphagel, Hendrick and Annatie — Jonathan. 

Lane, Corneles and Sara — Elesebet. 
23. Neul, Peter and Dirckje — Jacob. 

Arrey, Jacob and Annatie — Isaac. 
Oct. 14. Arrey, Isaac and Annatie — Peter. 

Hall, Tobies and Sara — Ann. 

Prusse, Cristofel and Mariya — Hariya. 

Lane, Geisbert and Matye — Elesebet. 

Janson, Abraham and Elesebet — Mariya. 
Nov. 25. Decker, Johannes and Sara — Femmetie. 
Dec. 16. Vrome, Hendrick and Jacominthe — Sores. 

Tine, Andres and Angenetie — Catrena. 

Teunesse, Teunes and Areyatie — Altie. 
1771. 
Jan. 27. Counover, Gerret and Antye — Lrerret. 

Cole, Ezekeel and Lena — Sara. 

Cineer, Henrey and Mariya — Femmetie. 
Mar. 24. Vandevere, Fernandes and Rebecka — Fernandes. 

Waldren, Corneles and Sara — Geertye. 

Vlerebome, Sere vase and Femmetye — Peter. 

Hofman, Jacob and Stintye — Isaac. 
Apr. 14. Sweley, Amos and Ida — Elesebet. 

Dow, Andries and Mariya — Crestofel. 
'Cossaat, David and Jannetie — David. 

Simonse, Gerret and Areyantie — Corneles. 
21. Callshet, Mattheies and Xensey — Dina. 

Slagt, John and Catrena — Mattie. 
May 26. Vanhuis, Isaac and Neeltye — Mattye. 

Stevens, Henry and Magdelena — Catrena. 
June 9. Egbert, Necolas and Mariya — Gorge. 
July 14. Vanetten, Jan and Maregreca — Janetye. 

Wene, Peter and Jannetie — Antye. 
Aug. 18. Demott, Jacob and , — Jacob. 

Biggs, Peter and Elesebet — Derick. 

WickofT, Marten and Geertye — Hendrick. 

Vansickle, Rinier and Maieke — David. 
Sept. 29. Bretten, Abraham and Sara — Sara. 
Nov. 10. Hall, Gorge and Elesebet — Magdalena. 

Van Clef, Isaac and Dorkes — Mariya. 



Rcadington Church Baptisms from 1720 30^ 

Cleckner, Jurrey and Elsye — Jannetie. 
ec. 22. Copper, Thomas and Mariya — Sara. 
.Kenne, Michel and Mariya — Andries. 
Green, John and Elesebet — Richard. 
Vandick, Jacobes and jenneke — Maregreta. 
VauMckle, Jan and Mariya — Cate. 
29. Ditmas, Johannes and Servya — Wiliiem. 
Tenbroock, John and Annatie — Andries. 

q. 26. Lane, Arey and Ledeya — Nelle. 

Vansickle, Andries and Annatie — Annatie. 
Steen, Michel Crigel and Annatie — Gorge. 
23. Emmens, Abraham and Annatie — Jacbes. 

8. WickofT, Necolaes and Altye — Catrena. 
Egbert, John and Mettye — Jacob.- — 

29. Stout, Thomas and Jannetie — Elesebet. 
12. Snedeker, Jacobes and Annatie — Lea. 

Wickoft, Peter and Jannetie — Albert. 

Wickoif, Wiliiem and Molle — Edward. 
10. Van horn, Abraham and Geertie — Corneles Wickoft. 

Witnesses: Corneles W'ickoff ?nd Elesebet WickofT. 

More, John and Catrena — Abraham. 

Witnesses : Abraham Vanhorn and Geertie Vanhorn. 

Bogert, Isaac and Elesebet — Neeltie. 

Vanderbilt, Jacobes and Elesebet — Hendrick. 

9. Tomson, John and Judick Bodine — John. (Born July 3, 
1772; d. Mar. 9, 1847). 
(John Tomson was b. Apr. 15, 1730. "Killed and scalped 

by ye Tory and Indians at Shemokem,' , June 9, 17-8. See 
''Hazard's Penn. Archives," VII, p. 589). 
(Judick Bodine was b. Mar. 17, 1735 ; bapt. Apr. 20, 1735, 
at Raritan Ch. ; d. July, 1796). 
23. Vanarsdale, Joseph and Elesebet — Lucresya. 
Meinders, Wiliiem and Catrena — Wilhelmus. 
Amack, Jan and Catrena — Titye. 
2J. Wickoff, Simon and Jacameintye — Mettye. 
31. Vansiekle, Jan and Catrena — Wiliiem. 
Miller, Jan and Febe — Jan. 
iOv. 1. Johnson, Ellicksander and Cattina — Johannes. 
22. Daley, Wiliiem and Margret — Jan. 

Vanetten, Arey and Jacemientye — Geisbert. 
Striker, Jan and Judick — Marya. 
Cownovcr, Peter and Nelle — Nelle. 
;c. 13. Vanderbilt, Jan and Angenetie — Corneles. 
Swart, Corneles and Maregreta — Geertie. 
Blankinberg, Christeyacn and Mariya — Antyc 
Cole, Ezekeel and Lena — Lena. 
27. Cule, Simon and Marya — Elesebet. 
Devore, Daneel and Sara — Margret. 
[To be Co n tinned] 
20 



306 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

FIRST REFORMED CHURCH, RARITAN (SOMERV1ELE) BAPTISMS 

TRANSLATED AND COMPARED WITH ORIGINAL RECORDS 

[Continued from Page 231] 
1822. 
Jan. 13. Voorhees, James and Sarah V. Arsdale — Sarah Alctta. 
Talmage, David and Catherine V. Nest — Gauin. 
20. Covert, Tunis and Dinah Fisher — Martha. 
2J. Frelinghuysen, John and Elizabeth V. Veghten — Louizar 
Mercer. 
Feb. 3. Vroom, Peter D. and Ann Dumont — Susan Dumont. 

Smock, Aaron and Eleanor Farley — Elisabeth. 
Mar. 10. Veghte, Harry and Elisabeth Taylor — Harry V. Arsdale. 

17. Hoagland, William and Sarah Vroom — Francis Swan. 
May 25. Elmmdorf, Peter Z. and Maria V. Veghten — Margaret. 

V. Doren, Abraham and Margaret V. Arsdale — Maria V. 

Arsdale. 
Cornell, John and Maria Frelinghuysen — Charlott Mercer. 
Ten Eyck, Richard and Jane Todd — Richard Field. 
Brocaw, Caleb and Mary French — Lambert. 
June 2. Bergun, Zacheus and Mary Simonson — Mary Staats. 

Stryker, Isaac and Gertrude Voorhees— John Voorhees. 

Aug. 25. Carson, and Sally Mullmer- — Ann T. Carson. 

Voorhees, Ab'm. and Elisabeth Simonson — Dennis. 
Brokaw, John I. and Elisabeth Hoagland — Arriet. 
29. Whitenack, Cornelius and Sarah Van Nostrand — Caroline. 
Sept. 15. Bush, John W. and Catharine Brittan — Jane; Eliza Ann; 
Lydia; Sarah ; Catharine ; Margaret ; John. 
22. Miller, John and Rebbecca Williamson — Matthew Williamson. 
Oct. 6. King, Henry and Cornelia McCrum — Margaret. 

Tucker, Nathaniel T. and Elisabeth Van Ness — Catharine 
Maria. 
19. Hartweil, Thomas A. and Elisabeth C. Swan — Samuel Swan. 
Kipp, Wm. and Susan Whitenack — Henry ; James Southard ; 

Sarah. 
Van Nest, John G. and Sarah Wortman — George. 
Tunison, Matthias Ten E. and Elisa Hall — Almira Wood. 
Brokaw, Elisabeth Coddington (wife of Caleb). 
Case, Elisa (adult). 
Mount, Margaret (adult). 
Gamblen, Sarah Brokaw (wife of Richard). 
Leonard, Ruth (adult). 

Rockefeller, Hannah Davis (wife of William). 
Stout, Caleb (adult). 
Brian, Martha (adult). 
Brian, Rebecca (adult). 
Flail, John (adult). 
Pettinger, John (adult). 
Loosey, Clarissa (adult). 
Tunison, Cornelius and Judith Ten Eyck — Abigail Ten Eyck 



First Reformed Church, Raritan (Somerville) Baptisms 307 

(b. Mar. 31, 1822). 
Cook, Henry (adult). 
Ruckman, John (adult). 
Simon, servant of Ferdinand V. Dervere; France, servant of Thos. 
Talmage ; Harry, servant of Thos. A. Hart well ; Dinah, servant of 
David K. Miller; Rachel, servant of Bergun V. Doren ; EfTy, 
servant of Sarah Vredenburgh; Dim, servant of Ferdd. Van 
Dervere; Dim, servant of Benj. Beekman; Elisabeth Worry, 
servant of Benj. Beekman; Mary, servant of Wd. Simonson; 
Jam, servant of Aaron Smock ; Hannah, servant of James Quick ; 
Tini, servant of Peter B. Dumont; Sarah, servant of John G. V. 
Nest; Jupe, servant of John Frelinghuysen ; Harry, servant of 
Richard Ten Eyck ; Jack, servant of Andrew Howell ; Dinah, 
servant of James Ten Eyck; George, servant of Daniel Sargent; 
Frank, servant of John V. Middles worth ; Lucy, servant of Henry 
V. Middlesworth ; Nancy, servant of Rynier Veghte ; Dinah, 
servant of Peter Z. Elmendorf; Susan, servant of John White- 
nack; Mary, servant of Willet Taylor; Tully, servant of Sarah 
Vredenburgh ; .Cliffy, servant of Abm. Quick; Dick, servant of 
Henry Van Arsdale; Joseph, servant of Rynier Van Nist ; Somer- 
set, servant of Dickinson Miller; Ceasar, servant of Peter L 
Stryker; Harry, servant of Abm. Voorhees. (All foregoing 
adults). 
Nov. 3. Cook, Henry and Elizabeth Franklin — Martha Ann (b. May 
28, 1814) ; Henry Wilson (b. Oct. 18, 1816) ; Phebe Ada- 
line (b. Feb. 2, 1820) ; Richard (b. Aug. 18, 1822). 
Stout, Caleb and Margaret Stryker — Elisa Covert. 
1823. 
Jan. 12. Van Doren, Cork and Mary Brokaw — Ellen Van Dervere. 
Van Pelt, Matthew and Maria Bennet — Catharine. 
Van Arsdale, Peter C. and Maria V. Middlesworth — Jane V. 

Middlesworth. 
Todd, James W. and Sarah Hall — George Hall. 
19. Decamp, Beuj'n. and Dinah Hardenburgh — Gertrude Freling- 
huysen. 
Feb. 2^. Smith, Benjamin and Ann Brokaw — John. 

Brokaw, Peter E. and Sarah Brokaw — George Van Liew. 
Mar. 11. Blau, Abm. and Martha Van Zant — Sarah Swan. 
Apr. 6. Vredenburgh, Peter and Maria Van Doren — Ann Matilda. 

Miller, David K. and Jane Quick — Jane Kirkpatrick. 
May 11. Barkalow, James and Ann Duryea — Mary Ann (b. July 20, 
1822). 

17. Armstrong, and Jane Dearwell — Margaret Dear well. 

Cubberly, Isaac and Susan Van Nostrand — Sophia. 
James, servant of Peter D. Vroom, Jr.; Margaret Jewell, 
ditto; Patty, servant of James Staats: Dinah, servant of 
Michael V. Veghten ; Rose, servant of Peter Z. Elmendorf ; 
Else Van Kirk, servant of ditto. (All adults). 
June I. Garretson, James and Catherine Brokaw — Ann Maria. 
15. Vroom, Peter D., Jr., and Ann Dumont— Elsie Bogart. 
Vroom, William and Maria Porter — Sarah. 



308 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 



Beekman, Cornelius and Elizabeth Todd — Sarah Maria. 
July 2. Todd, J no. and Ann Cosner — Jno. Adams. 

Poihemus. Peter and Catherine Van Arsdale — Henry. 
^ l1 to- 3- y an Nuy's, Jfit>. and Mattie Brokaw — Isaac. 

Vanu (Vance?), Elias and Abigail Humming — Caroline. 
Brown, [no. and Phebe Van Dike — Jno. Bayard. 
17. Cooper, Mary Morris (widow) — Maria Bordine (?). 

Rynierson, Abraham (unbap.) and Phebe Parish — Cornealia. 
Bergun, James and Phebe Peterson — John. 
24. Dumon, Peter T. ( ?) and Ann Stryker — Peter Stryker. 
31.- Lay ton, Gilbert \V. and Lydia Annin — Samuel Davis. 
Sept. 28. Voorhees, Nicholas and Sarah Dumon — Luther Calvin. 
Beekman, Martin and Maria Powelson — Sarah. 

Oct. 25. Campbell, Ellis (unbap.) and Abigail Henrietta. 

Brokaw, John (unbap.) and Hannah Wm. Griffith. 

Cary, servant of Jacob Van Doren; Susan, servant of Charles 
Soms ; Cudia, servant of John Frelmghuysen. (All 
adults). 
Nov. 16. Dumont, Peter P. and Magdalen Davis — Jno. S. Vredenbergh. 
Williams, Jno. and Fa'nay Horton-— Jason Horton. 
Van Middlesworth, Tunis and Catherine Talmage — Samuel 
Talmage. 
23. Gaston, Jno. and Catherine Annin — Samuel Swan. 

Van Arsdal, Peter Q. and Catherine Powelson — Anna Maria. 

Quick, Peter, Jr. and Maria Case — James. 

Oppie, Jno. and Ann Van Aursdal — James. 

Ditmass, Garret and Sarah. Van Brike — William; Mary; Jane; 

Margaretta ; Caroline Low ; Peter. 
Case, Ezekiel and Kitty Dumon — Catherine Ann. 
Wortman, Peter, Jr. and Gertrude Staats — Peter. 



Dec. 


• 7- 




14. 




28. 


1824. 
Jan. 25. 


Feb. 

Mar. 


29. 
14. 


Apr. 
May 


4- 
9- 



Taylor, James and Catherine S. Whitenack — Wm. Henry. 
Effie (servant of Wm. B. Gaston) — James. 
Griffith, Win. and Ann M. Howel — Arabella Wharton. 
Brokaw, Brogun J. and Maria Peterson — Ann. 
Rockyfellow, Ch. (unbap .) and Mary- Vosler — Jacob Vosler. 
Whitenack, Henry and Harriet Edenborn — Gertrude Stryker, 
Hedges, Wm. J. and Mary EofT — Hugh Gaston. 
Hoagland, Wm. and Sarah Vroom — Richard. 
[To be Continued] 

*?• t5* 0* i?* 

HISTORICAL NOTES AND COMMENTS 

BY THE EDITOR 

Beprintmg of, or Quoting from Old Laws, Documents, etc. 

While the Quarterly has not hitherto adopted a uniform rule in its 
publication of excerpts from old laws, newspaper articles, private or 
official letters and other documents, it expects hereafter to follow the 
course commended by good authority and. we think, good taste. It 



Historical Notes and Comments 309 

seems natural, in quoting from any book, letter or document written or 
printed before about the year 1800, to copy it verbatim et literatim — cap- 
itals, erroneous spelling, punctuation and all. An examination of our 
best historical and biographical writers, however, shows that this plan is 
not approved, and we are certain that it ought not to be practiced. Pre- 
vious to about 1800 our good forefathers were uncertain as to how Eng- 
lish words, even some in common use, should be spelled. Webster and 
Worcester were yet unknown. The great Washington himself sometimes 
erred, as did not a few learned men. Punctuation was then not uniform. 
As to capitalization, the method employed followed in great measure the 
usual German system, beginning important, or supposed-to-be import- 
ant, nouns with capitals. As a result we, of to-day, look upon the com- 
mon custom of the Eighteenth Century as absurd, and so it appears, but 
it was not considered absurd then ; it was the habit of the times. In fol- 
lowing it at this day, even in quotation marks, it tends to hold the original 
writers up to ridicule, and it also puts the reader at a practical disad- 
vantage, because it makes the reading of what was written in olden days a 
difficult rather than a pleasant task. The eye is not accustomed to a 
large besprinkling of capitals, and the sense of badly punctuated matter 
is not readily made out. And no good comes from it to anybody. If the 
men of a century or more ago whom we so often quote were with us 
now, they would capitalize, spell and punctuate as we do, and certainly 
would not thank us to quote them to show they were ignorant of modern 
rules of composition. Bancroft long ago discarded the repetition of the 
old forms of writing and printing when he made quotations, and such 
has been the habit of most of those historical authors who have succeeded 
him. Sparks in his "Writings of Washington*' sets us a fine example of 
how to print Revolutionary correspondence. No publisher would now 
think of reprinting the works of John Milton or Shakespeare or of any 
early writer as. they were first published. Instead, all English classics 
are given a modern orthographic look. 

For these reasons the Quarterly will hereafter publish quotations 
from old authorities according to present printed rules, unless there are 
special reasons to the contrary. Justice to them and to our readers 
requires it, and we could wish all magazines and newspapers would do 
likewise. This regulation may not always extend to spellings of proper 
names, as there may be reasons for printing such precisely as the author 
spelled them, but it will extend to capitalization and punctuation, as 
these, in their original form, have lost, if they ever possessed, any proper 
significance. 

General Zebulon M. Pike, a Native of Somerset 

Until June last there has never been an intimation that General 
Zebulon Montgomery Pike, the discoverer of Pike's Peak in 1806, explorer 



310 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

of the sources of the Mississippi and surrounding territory, and famous, 
also, in the War of 1812 (he was killed in 1813), was born in Somerset 
County. All late sketches of his life were to the contrary, and state that 
he was born Jan. 5, 1779, in Lamberton, near (now part of) the city 
of Trenton. We owe to the most industrious searches of Mr. William 
J. Backes, a lawyer of Trenton, the discovery that "Lamberton" was not 
the former Trenton suburb at all, but Lamington, in Somerset. 

The full particulars of the find appeared in a voluminous article in 
the Trenton "Times" of June 11, 1916. After quoting from various 
late authorities, who fixed General Pike's place of birth at Lamberton, 
Mercer county, and stating the efforts made by officials there to locate 
the exact house, or spot, Mr. Backes says he became suspicious of the 
supposed-to-be fact, because all Trenton's early historians, Cooley, 
Haven, Hall, Raum and others, nowhere mentioned it in their writings; 
also that in 1808 General Pike was required to produce evidence of his 
citizenship in order to be promoted in the army; also that in 1814, in 
announcing his death, a Trenton newspaper did not speak of him as a 
native of Trenton, as it did of another officer in the same paragraph, 
but as "of New Jersey." He then discovered that Lamington was 
called "Lamberton" in newspaper advertisements of an early day; that 
the "National Cyclopedia of American Biography" (Vol. 2, p. 517) stated 
that at the time of Pike's birth, Lamberton was "the town called Allama- 
tunk," and that "the first person to write about General Pike (probably 
Thomas Wilton) said he was born at a place called Allamatunk, now by 
corruption Lamberton, in New Jersey." This Thomas Wilton published 
his sketch in 1817, only four years after General Pike's death. 

There is no doubt that Lamington was written "Lamberton" both 
prior to and after the Revolution. When the executors of the Rev. James 
McCrea, of Lamington, advertised his lands for sale in 1769, it read that 
they were located "in the township of Bedminster . . . three miles 
from Lamberton meeting-house" ("N J. Archives," Vol. XXVI, 494). 
When Nicholas Angle advertised 200 acres of land with a grist and saw 
mill in 1783 it was stated to be "on the river Lamberton . . . two 
miles from New Germantown." The name as spelled was a corrup- 
tion, of course, but it was so spelled. 

General Pike's father has never been clearly made out, but that he 
belonged to the Woodbridge line of Pikes, of which Capt. John Pike was 
prominent, he being one of the original, settlers of Woodbridge in 1666, 
there is no doubt. The General has been claimed as a son of Major 
Zebulon Pike, of Bucks county, but the claim seems to be ill-founded. 
We have suggested to Mr. Backes that probably General Pike's father, 
whoever he was, was in Washington's service Jan. 5, 1779, the year the 



Historical Notes and Comments 31 1 

General was born; that this soldier's (possibly officer's) wife was visiting 
relatives near Lamington, when Washington's army was encamped at 
Middlebrook, perhaps in order to be near him, and so it may have hap- 
pened that the son was born there. To this suggestion Mr. Backes 
accedes, as a likely theory, and it is to be hoped his further investigations 
may throw light upon it. In support of this theory we find that a John 
Pike, in Capt. Hortoja's company, First Regiment, Essex county, was 
killed Feb. 5, 1779. It may be possible to ascertain if he was stationed at 
Camp Middlebrook at that time; if so, the likelihood of the correctness of 
our views would grow. So far as we have gathered from the records, 
there was no land owner in Somerset by the name of Pike during the 
Revolution. 

There being little doubt now of General Pike's place of birth, more 
verification would, we are certain, be pleasing to our readers, who will 
now look up with added zest the facts published concerning the Gen- 
eral's whole brave and useful life in the South and West and during 
the War of 181 2. 

The Name "Lamington" 

Reference to Lamington in the preceding note has led to looking up 
the various spellings of the name in newspapers and documents of the 
Eighteenth century. Few Somerset names have been spelled in so many 
ways. That the name was Indian in origin there is little question ; Ala- 
matunck, variously spelled, being the name of the (at present) Laming- 
ton river. It is true there is a Scotch hamlet called Lamington; the 
Editor of the Quarterly has frequently passed through it on one of the 
Scotch railways. But, while this may possibly have aided to shape the 
name as it now is, because of the vicinity having been largely settled by 
Scotch families, we do not doubt it was evolved from the Indian desig- 
nation of the river. As early as 1738 we find the name printed "Lama- 
conick" ("N. J. Archives," Vol. XI, p. 520) ; in 1743, in Andrew John- 
ston's "Journal," it i s written "Allamaton" (Quarterly, Vol. 1, p. 194) ; 
in 1763 it is called "Lamenton" ("N. J. Archives," Vol. XXIV, p. 170) ; 
in 1766, "Lamaton" (Ibid, Vol. XXV, p. 102) ; in 1769 and 1783, "Lam- 
berton," as stated in the preceding note; in 1778, "Lammonton" (Ibid, 
Vol. XI, Second Series, p. 302). "Lamatonk," "Lammerton," etc., as 
well as "Alametunck" (as variously written) appear both earlier and 
ii later than the above dates. The earliest date when the present form 
"Lamington" appeared, so far as we have yet discovered, is in an adver- 
tisement of David Campbell, in 1780, in the "New Jersey Gazette," where 
he announces a sale at public vendue of his farm of about 122 acres "at 
Lamington, Bridgewater township, county of Somerset." He probably 
istook his township, but the place is clearly enough located as "four 



312 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

miles from the White-House, five from Pluck'emin," etc. (By the way, 
did not Campbell, or his attorney, give currency to the old story as to the 
origin of the name Pluckemin in the manner he wrote it for publica- 
tion?) A search of Deeds at Trenton might show an earlier instance of 
"Lamington," but at present the name as now used may be said to date 
from about 1780. According to Hon. John D. Prince, of the Department 
of Slavonic languages in Columbia University, the name "Allametftnk" 
must have meant, in the Indian language, "the river over yonder," or, 
possibly, "the place over yonder." 
The Indian "Towne" of Peapack and Indian Deeds 

Reference is frequently made to Peapack, in Bedminster township, 
as one of the oldest town names in Somerset County. It may be so, and 
it seems to be about the only real Indian name still continued as a town 
(now borough) name in about its original spelling in the County. The 
late Mr. A. D. Mellick, Jr., considered it dated on the written records from 
171 1, when in the return of the survey made by order of Colonel Lewis 
Morris for an English Company, known as the West Jersey Land Society 
(the survey covering nearly 92,000 acres), the description referred to the 
"Peapack path" as crossing "the north branch of the Raritan river." 
There was published, however, in the "New Jersey Law Journal" of June, 
1893 tne copy of an Indian deed from eleven Indians owning a tract they 
called "Mockseta Cohunge," to Peter Fauconnier, Nathaniel Bonnell, of 
Elizabethtown, and three others, for a section of land in which "another 
Indian towne called Peapock" formed the southwest corner, and this deed 
was dated Aug. 13, 1708. The consideration was kettles, axes, hoes, 
powder, knives, rum, etc. On Nov. 4 of the same year Peter Sonmans, an 
East Jersey Proprietor, gave a patent to nearly the same persons, includ- 
ing Nicholas Bonnell, of 30,000 acres, extending from near present Mor- 
ristown southerly through part of Somerset County, and in it one of the 
course mentioned is again mentioned as an "Indian town, called Pepock,'' 
and states that Bonnell had paid a consideration to the native Indians 
to the value of £200. ("Proc. of N. J. Hist. Soc," Second Series, Vol. 
13, p. 141). Evidently the twb deeds relate to the same land, and they 
are undoubtedly the earliest conveyances of the northern portion of our 
County. 

In 171 5 John Reading, surveyor, spelled the name "Repack" in his 
"Journal" (see "N. J. Hist. Soc. Proc.;' Vol. X, Third Series, p. 43^. It 
may be that a search among the documents (Patents, etc.), of the East 
Jersey Proprietors at Perth Amboy would bring to light a still earlier 
occurrence of the name than 1708, but it is doubtful. In any event, it 
was an Indian "towne" at that date, but whether inhabited by men of the 
Minsi or Raritan tribe of the Lenni Lenapes it may not be possible to 
ascertain. 



Historical Notes and Comments 313 

Another Siraerset County Indian Deed 

We tail to find in the* published accounts of early Indian deeds in 
Somerset, either of that by the late Rev. Dr. Messier, or in that by the 
late Ivev. Dr. Corwin, any mention of a deed of July 15, 1709, made by 
Wickwala, an Indian. The deed is recorded in Middlesex county, in 
Book E of Deeds, page 161, and is printed in full in a recent issue of the 
"Monmouth Democrat," as a part of an address delivered June 28th at the 
unveiling of a tablet on St. Peter's Episcopal church at Freehold, by Mr. 
Samuel C. Cowart. The deed must have been recorded also in Somerset 
County, but, as is well known, the early deed records of this County were 
destroyed in the Revolution by the British. This may account for the 
absence of knowledge of this conveyance by the historians named. 

Wickwala is described in the deed as ''Indian Sagamore and owner 
of land? herein mentioned.*' "Sagamore" means tribal chief and is, per- 
haps, equivalent to Sachem. His residence is not stated. The lands con- 
veyed, besides those in Somerset (which are stated first), are two tracts 
near Gravel Creek, in Monmouth, amounting to 500 acres, a small part of 
which came into possession, later, of St. Peter's church. The Somerset 
tract was of so large an extent — 4,000 acres — that the matter is of consid- 
erable interest The description of this tract in the deed, which is a reg- 
ular warranty deed is as follows : 

"All that tract of land, situate, lying and being in the County of 
Summerset, in the s'd Province of New Jersey, Beginning where a small 
run crosses the Milston River (where the land of Thomas Barker also 
begins) and thence running west northwest 255 chains; thence southwest 
180 chains more or less to Walter Bentheil's corner; thence along his line 
east southeast 116 chains to Nopoick Brook; thence as the s'd Brook 
runs to the s'd Milston Brook [and thence?] runs down to where it began, 
containing about four thousand acres, be the same more or less." 

The conveyance was to "Thomas Boells of s'd Province Gent and Rip 
Van Dam of New York, merchant. Executors of the last will and testa- 
ment of Thomas Hart, of London, merchant, deceased," and the con- 
sideration was t7i , enty-t7CO pounds, or $55. for all the tracts, — about $1.22 
per acre. Mr. Cowart states that there is no deed of record "from the 
heirs or devisees of Thomas Hart," but there was, some years ago, in the 
possession of Mr. Henry V. Hoagland, of Griggstown, a deed of this 
very 4.000 acres from Thomas Hart, of London, who wfes one of the 
Proprietors of East Jersey, to Gerardus Beekman, Adrian Beekman, Wil- 
liam Crood, John Aertsen, Thomas Casdale and Lancaster Symmes. Our 
authority (Snell's "Hunterdon and Somerset," page 835), gives the date 
of this deed as December 14 "in the sixth year of the reign of William 



314 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

III." As this would be about 1695, how is the Wickawala deed to be 
accounted for? 

The general situation of this tract in the northeastern part of Mont- 
gomery township, and possibly extending into the southeastern part of 
Hillsborough township is fairly clear, as Walter Benthell's (properly 
Benthall's) tract was in the first-named location, and Thomas Barker's 
plantation was on the Millstone extending from Blackwell's Mills to the 
extreme southeast corner of Hillsborough. Rip Van Dam, Hart's execu- 
tor, who was a noted New York lawyer, owned lands directly south of the 
Barker tract, in Montgomery, and the 4,000 acre tract must have been 
southwest of the Barker and west of the Van Dam tracts. Evidently, too, 
some other claims, as of William Dockwra, must have overlapped into 
the Hart tract, as a study of the investigations by Dr. Corwin ("Centen- 
nial Discourse," page 16 et seq. and the accompanying map) clearly 
indicate. 

Now Dr. Corwin puts the Hart tract as of the date of 1690, and, if 
this be correct, or approximately so, Hart in his lifetime purchased this 
land of (we presume) the Proprietors of East Jersey. Then the Wick- 
wala deed would be explained in this wise: That after Hart's death, 
Wickwala, claiming to have some title in the 4,000 acres, Hart's executors, 
to make good Hart's title to Beekman and other purchasers, decided to 
buy ofT the claim. It is well known that Indian rights and Proprietors' 
rights both were purchased by early Somerset and other owners of East 
Jersey tracts. 

The Anniversary of Kutgers 

Rutgers College is to celebrate the 150th anniversary of its chartering, 
on October 12, 13 and 14 (the current month). This is a little earlier 
than the exact date, which is November 10, 1766; then Governor William 
Franklin granted the charter, but the name was, what it ought always to 
have remained, Queen's College. Our own Somerset worthy and patriot, 
Hendrick Fisher, of Bound Brook, was President of its Board of Trus- 
tees in 1766, and afterward, if not before the charter. Its first actual 
President, so far as known, was our Somerset pastor, Dr. Jacob R. 
Hardenbergh, and for long periods of time it was a Somerset County, 
instead of Middlesex institution. These facts, together with the addi- 
tional interesting ones that during the Revolution, while the British were 
in possession of New Brunswick, the College was kept open at Mill- 
stone and near South Branch, this County ; that Frederick Frelinghuysen 
was its first tutor; and that many residents of our County have acted on 
its Board of Trustees should serve to make the anniversary one of special 
interest to our readers. 



Historical Notes and Coynments 315 

We have endeavored to ascertain just what years the College stood 
in Somerset. The lines between Somerset and Middlesex were several 
times altered, and, without a full knowledge of the plan of the streets in 
New Brunswick, and of the older buildings of the College, it is difficult 
to be certain on the point named. Mr. William II. Benedict, of New 
Brunswick, an excellent present authority on these matters, writes us 
of the changes of boundary lines at New Brunswick, from which we 
judge that the first site of Queen's College was probably in Somerset; 
the second building, of 1788, certainly in Middlesex; from 1790 to 185c 
in Somerset. 

Rutgers became such in name in 1825, to compliment Col. Henry 
Rutgers, who then gave $5,000 towards its endowment. Its history from 
the beginning will, no doubt, be fully set forth during the anniversary, 
probably by its efficient and popular President, Dr. William H. S. Dem- 
arest, and to this history we hope to allude again hereafter. 

The Asariali Dtu&am County Line Map 

In 1766, when it was represented that the line separating Somerset 
and Middlesex counties, which was the public highway leading from 
New Brunswick to a short distance beyond Princeton, was "dubious" 
because of alterations in the road, commissioners were appointed to per- 
manently mark the real line. The surveyor to run it was Azariah Dun- 
ham, and the survey map filed by him in the counties of Middlesex and 
Somerset, and also in the Secretary of State's office at Burlington, is the 
basis of the judge Ralph Voorhees articles, now being republished in the 
Quarterly. The survey really starts at the line between East and West 
Jersey, and runs eastward to the Raritan river, the wording being: "Be- 
ginning at the division line of the Province of New Jersey at a place in 
the road where a stone is set up and called the westermost corner of 
James Worth's land, and westermost chimney in Edmond Bainbridge's 
house, bears South 39 24 6 West," etc. The houses and buildings named on 
the map are those by which the survey ran, and the chains and links from 
one to the other are stated. 

Inasmuch as the Judge Ralph Voorhees articles begin with New 
Brunswick and follow the survey in a westerly direction, we have noted 
below the buildings and points of the map in the same order. We are 
greatly indebted to Mr. William H. Benedict, of New Brunswick, for the 
careful comparison of the names following on the map, so that the 
spellings and consecutive objects named are thus verified as correct. The 
publication of these points as set down on the map will aid our readers 
to follow the Ralph Voorhees articles with better appreciation, and will 
also serve to show, in one article, who lived along this divisional high- 
way in 1766. It should be noted by the reader that where a name is 



31 6 Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

marked with a * it implies that the dwelling house of the inhabitant 
named was on the Middlesex side of the line: all others were in Somerset. 
It may also be stated that the map and the record of the Survey are in 
different handwritings, and the names on the map - frequently differ in 
spelling from those on the record, but those used below appear on the 
map. 

Piscataway ; Doctor Mercer's ; ferry house ; Raritan river ; houses 
in New Brunswick on two streets; Church (Episcopal)*; barrack*; 
Philip French's seat ; Henry Guest's* ; The Mile-Run ; Philip French's 
Mile-Run house; Philip French's farm house*; road to Millstone; John 
Shanks ; John Kent's tavern ; Three-mile run ; Cornelius Waldron's tav- 
ern* ; Laffert Waldron's* ; Jacobus Cornell's* ; road leading to George's 
road ; John Vanlever's ; John Bennet's* ; Cornelius Bennet, Esq.* ; Sam- 
uel Gerretson's* ; Fulkert V r anostrand's ; Rev. John Light's; Xias Van- 
lever's; William Williamson's*; Jacob Wikoff; Simon Wikoff : John 
Pyat's* ; Six-mile run; Philip Kearny, Esq's, house*; Simon Hagaman; 
Benja. Hagaman; Peter Sydam's* ; James (?) Sydam's* ; Widow 
Striker's ; Peter Pomme's ; John Manley ; William Stothof's ; John Stot- 
hof's; Widow Wood's; new Dutch church; Joseph Gifford's tavern; 
Nicholas Johnson's* ; Hendrick Cortelyou's ; Adrian Manley's tavern ; 
.Nine-mile run; Widow? Hoogland* ; Jacobus Wikoff; Daniel Barca- 
low's* ; Peter Gulick's ; Dollis Hagaman* ; Still house ; Ten-mile run ; 
Jacobus Lake*; John Gulick's; Teunis Quick; Jacob Vandyke's*; Wil- 
liam Donaldson's*; William Williamson's tavern; road to Rocky Hill; 
Cornelius Dehart's ; Benjamin Emmon's ; five houses unnamed (2 in 
Somerset and 3 in Middlesex) ; Longstreet's road*; Rocky brook; Jediah 
Higgins; Heathcoat's (brook?) ; Kingstown; Jonathan Stout's* ; Rocky 
Hill road ; road to Maple's town ; Whitehead Leonard's* ; meeting house ; 
Millstone river; Ezekiel Forman's mill*; Daniel Hendrickson's ; Bare- 
foot Brinson's ; Harry's brook ; Richard Stockton's white house ; Capt. 
William Howard's*; Samuel Brinson; Prince town; College*; meet- 
ing house*; road to Rocky Hill; John Opdike ; Richard Stockton, Esq.; 
West end of Princeton ; Ezekiel Forman's kitchen* ; Joseph Oldden* ; 
Robert Stockton ; Joseph Stockton's ; Sylvenias Hunt's ; Stoney brook 
at an old fording place ; Worth's mill ; Samuel Worth's ; Samuel Stock- 
ton's; Flunterdon county; Edmond Bainbridge. (Across is the line in 
Hunterdon county ) . 

^* «5* <<$» «^* 

DEPARTMENT OF NOTES AND QTJEEIES 

[ 132] . Kirkpatrick-Lewis. — ''Referring to the article on the Kirk- 
patricks in the July Quarterly (pp. 179. 1S0), where it is stated that 
Lydia, wife of Capt. John Kirkpatrick, was the dau. of Edward Lewis, 
of Basking Ridge: What is the authority for such relationship? Of 
Capt. Kirkpatrick I am a descendant. 

"Capt. John Kirkpatrick was, as stated, the son of Andrew Kirk- 
patrick, who was one of the two immigrant brothers from Watties Xeach, 



Department of Notes and Queries 317 

Scotland, who settled at Basking Ridge in 1736. John married a Lydia 
Lewis. They owned a farm of 170 acres near the Ebenezer schoolhouse, 
below Kerr's corner, in Frelinghuysen township, Sussex (now Warren) 
county, N. J. They had four daughters and six sons. Of their daugh- 
ters, Elizabeth married a Newman; Ann married a Work; Lydia mar- 
ried John, son of George and Sarah (Hunt) Armstrong; and Mary mar- 
ried a Newman. Of the sons, there is at present no further record of 
David and Alexander; Andrew died before the writing of his father's 
will in 1822, but he had married and left heirs; Thomas married and 
removed to Ohio, and tradition says that David, of Bellefontaine, Ohio, 
was a sou of Thomas; John, Jr., married Ann Freese and had seven 
daughters and three sons, of which sons John, the third, was the only 
one who left descendants, he having married Helen Scott, of Bellefon- 
taine. William Kirkpatrick, son of Capt. John, married Elizabeth Cour- 
sen and had three daughters ; lie inherited the homestead, but sold it in 
1828, 'except the widow, Lydia Kirkpatrick's dower/ 

"Capt. John Kirkpatrick is buried in the cemetery of the Yellow 
Frame Presbyterian church, on the boundary line separating Sussex and 
Warren counties. His tombstone bears this inscription : 

" 'In memory of John Kirkpatrick who departed this life April 17th, 
1822, in the 84th year of his age. 

" 'My glass is run ; my grave is seen ; 
Prepare for death and follow me.' 

"In this couplet, the expression 'my grave is seen' is evidently a slip 
of the stone-cutter's memory for 'my grave you see/ " 

W.C.A. (Elizabeth, N.J.) . 

[133]. Kirkpatrick-Gordon-Hageman-Ostrum. — "I am a descen- 
dant of Hugh Kirkpatrick and wife, Mary Gordon (called 'Polly' Gor- 
don), named on page 179 of the July Quarterly, and have recently 
learned they were married in Madison county, Kentucky, in 1792. Their 
marriage bond and marriage certificate are still in the office of the county 
clerk at Richmond, Kentucky. There are also in the same office a deed 
for 200 acres of land given by Roger Patton to Hugh Kirkpatrick, dated 
March 29, 1803, and a deed from Hugh Kirkpatrick to Benjamin Irvine 
for the same land, dated April 23, 1808. I have no positive information 
of Hugh's father and mother, excepting that he was Scotch — do not 
know his given name. Some of the descendants of Hugh claim his 
father settled in Pennsylvania and later went to South Carolina along 
with other Scotch families, and lived there ; but when Hugh grew up he 
seems to have gone back to New Jersey and lived there and enlisted in 
Somerset County for service in the Revolutionary War. After the Wai 
he went to Kentucky and, wrien well along in years, married Mary Gor- 
don. 



Department of Notes and Queries 319 

was the grandson of Thomas, not son. If Hugh of Kentucky were b. 
about 1740, as his age at death would indicate, then he must be looked 
for of an altogether different line.— Editor Quarterly]. 

.[134]. Arrowsmith-Chivvts. — "Who were the parents of Maria 
Arrowsmith, who was married to John Chives (should be Chivvis), by 
Rev. Charles Hardenbergh, pastor of Bedminster Ref. church, on Jan. 
12, 1809?" H. E. P. (Bedminster, N. J.). 

.[135]. Auten-Smock. — 'The wife of Auten, the hermit, (see 
Quarterly, Jan., 1913), was a Smock, and, I think, a dau. or sister of 
Dennis Smock, who d. in 1823, aged 83 yrs. The Auten farm, or hermit- 
age, wjas purchased by Vanderbilt, who owned the adjoining farm, from 
Auten, his brother-in-law; Vanderbilt's wife being (I think) Jane 
Smock; deed is recorded in Book B., p. 293, of Somerset Deeds, May 
9, 1796. Can you give me any information regarding Dennis Smock? 
He is buried on the Smalley farm near Bound Brook. 

John Vanderbilt and Jane had these children : Jane, who m. Adam 
Huyler; Annie, who m. Michael Van Dorn; Magdaline, who m. Jacob 
Edmonds ; Ida, who m. Dennis Van Dine ; and Margaret, who m. John 
Conover." R H. K. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

.[136]. Spader-Vanderbilt. — "Lately I have come into possession 
of a few facts regarding the Spader family, formerly an important fam- 
ily in Somerset County, which may be of interest to some of your read- 
ers. While incomplete and fragmentary, these facts may help some one 
to trace his genealogy with greater ease. From what is seemingly a copy 
of an old Bible record, I find : 

"1. William; d. Nov. 5, 1704. Pie apparently died in Somerset 
County. I have the record of only one child (there were probably oth- 
ers), viz. : 

2. John. He bought a large farm near Millstone in 1717. I know 
of one child (there were probably others), viz.: 

"3. William. He lived in Somerset County. I know of one child 
(there were probably more), viz.: 

"4. John, b. April 20, 1736; d. May 11, 1796; m. (1), Jan. 17, 
1763, Anne (dau. of Jacob Suydam), who was b. May 23, 1740, and d. 
Mar. 6, 1775. (Jacob Suydam d. Sept. 15, 1770). He lived in Somer- 
set County, probably near Middlcbush, and had children by his first wife, 
as follows: 

"5. William, b. Nov. 9, 1763. 

"6. Ann, b. Mar. 16, 1766. 

"7. John, b. Mar. 4, 1775. 

"(4). John Spader m. (2), Sept. 19, 1778, Jane Vanderbilt (widow- 



3 2 ° Somerset County Historical Quarterly 

oi Rapelyea), who d. May 27, 1810. The following was a child 

by the second marriage : 

"8. Peter, b. Sept. 29, 1785, in Middlebush, Somerset County; m. 
Nellie Quick, who was b. Aug. 23, 1784, and d. April 1, 1873. He moved 
to New Brunswick and became a rich and prominent man, much inter- 
ested in Rutgers College. His portrait hangs in the Kirkpatrick Chapel. 
"(5)- William Spader, b. Nov. 9, 1763; d. Jan. 31, 1834; m. (1) 
Anne Vanderbilt (dau. of Peter Jeremiah Vanderbilt, of Brooklyn, X. 
"Y.), who was b. Oct. 1, 1771, and d. Jan. 8, 1801. Children: 

"9. John, b. Dec. 21, 1789; d. Dec. 17, i860; m., Mar. 31, 1813, 
Phebe Lott (dau. of Stephen Lott, Jr.), who was b. Mar. 23, 1790, and 
d. June 30, 1 84 1. 

"10. Jeremiah Vanderbilt, b. Aug. 2, 1798; d. July 11, 1838. 

"11. Jane; m. Sutphin. 

"In getting the above information I also found in an old Bible 
in California the following: 

"John Ryerson, b. Dec. 11, 1715; m., Sept. 3, 1743, Ann Voorhees, 
who was b. July 27, 1721. They had a daughter Ann Ryerson, b. Nov. 
17, 1746, who m., Aug. 21, 1762, Peter Jeremiah Vanderbilt, who was 
b. Nov. 30. 1740, and d. May 3, 1820. They were the parents of Anne 
Vanderbilt who m. William Spader (5). 

"I think this Vanderbilt family descended from Jeremias Vander- 
bilt, of Flatbush, L. I., who m., Nov. 11, 1715, Pieternella (or Neeltje) 
Wyckoff (dau. of Cornelius Wyckoff, of Flatbush. See Vol. 4, p. 130 of 
Quarterly). The ancestry of this Jeremias will be found in Bergen's 
'Early Settlers of Kings County.' He seems to have settled in Somer- 
set, for administration was granted on the estate of Jeremiah Vanderbilt 
to his widow Neeltje, as per Trenton Probate records. 

"The above-named Peter Jeremiah Vanderbilt was probably his 
grandson. He seems to have discarded the name of Peter and even the 
initial P." W. R W. (Brooklyn, N. Y.). 

r^t ^w C^V ^m 

ERRATA IN JULY NUMBER 

On page 196, line 6, a misprint gives the date of death of Hendrick Fisher as 
1729; it should read 1770. 

On page 178, line 10 is misplaced. The paragraph should read : "(a) Hannah 
Este, who m. at Nottingham, in England, and had Adelaide, who rn. Dr. Francis 
Ewing, son of Chief Justice Ewing, of Trenton, N. J." 

On page 234, line 12, for "Mrs. Ann N. Vanderveer" read Mrs. Ann N. Van Ars- 
dale. 

On page 235, the statement that Drs. Abraham P. Hageman, Henry Van Der- 
veer and William W. Perrine were among the charter members of the Somerset 
County Medical Society, formed in 1816, is erroneous; they became members later. 



INDEX TO SURNAMES 



Note.— The usual, present-day form of spelling, with variations occasionally added 
in parenthesis, is the form adopted for the surnames in this Index. The general 
articles and notes are indexed alphabetically on pages following the title page-/ 



Abbott, 106 

Abro. 225 

Adams, 37, 119, 158, 205, 238, 

264, 269 
Adamsen, 263, 265, 266. 280 
Addis, 257 
Adee, 211 
Aertsen, 313 
Agnew, 203 
Albert, lot. 
Albertse. 115 
Albright. 175 
Alexander, 11, 168. 171 
Aigert, 5S, 61 

Alien. 45. 46, 53. 113, 120. 137 
Allerton, 187, 188 
Allison, 227 
All wood, 226 
Alpaugh. 55, 224 
Alward, 119 
Amaok, 57, 62. 305 
Amerrnan, 78, 120, 148. 151, 

203, 226 
Anderson. 50. 56, 106, 120, 159, < 

173, 199, 224, 226, 237, 239 
Andrew. 279 

Andrews. 183 

Andriessen, 192 

Angle, 310 

An gl em an, 47 

Annin, 47, 110, 116. 120, 127. 

131, 174, 176, 197. 224, 227, 

244. 246. 308 
Anthony, 120 
An ton ides. 292 
xVpgar. 120 280 
Applegate, 67. 136 
Appleman. 225 
Ard. 235 

Arentsen. 194.' 285, 286 
Ariaens. 274 
Ariens, 116 

Armstrong, 175. 307, 217 
Arnold, 166 
Arree (Arrey), 60, 63, 143, 

147, 302. 304 -. 
Arrison. 109 (see Harrison) 
Arrowsrnith, 39, 42, 52, 13), 

319 
Arthur, 35 
Asbell, 225 
Ash mead, 159 
Aten. 56, 57, 60, 62, 63, 64. 120, 

145, 146. 147. 232, 302 (see 

Auten) 
Atwood, 236 
Aukes. 285 
Austin. 47 
Au ten, 55. 67, 69. 113, 120. 197. 

214. 231, 299, 319 (see Aten> 
Ay res (Ay era), 28. 120, 150, 

174, 188, 244. 245 

Babbitt, 239 
Bach man, 214 
Backes. 310. 311 
21 



/ 



Bacon, 234 




Bilyou (Biliew), 122, 190 




Radye, 121 




Bi re hard, 206 




Bailey, 107 




Bird, 122, 175 




Bain bridge, 230, 315. 316 




Birdsall, 55 




Baird, 47, 120. 136, 137, 208 


Bishop, 53. 55 




Baker. 188, 257, 259 




Bishops. 223 




Baldwin. 121. 210 




Black. 202 




Ballantine, 208, 232 




Blackford, 1-14, 59, 70, 74 


, 75, 


Bannister. 228 




122, 160, 245 




Barcalow (Barkalow), 


118, 


Blackwell, 130, 122, 135, 


187, 


121. 181. 226, 307, 316 




224, 294 




Barclay (Barklev), 41, 


121, 


Slain, 238 




2uS (sen; Bartley) 




Blair, 122, 152 




Barentsen, 18S 




Blakman, 223 




Barker. 313, 314 




Blanchan. 194, 279 




Barlow, 80 




Blankenberg. 306 




Bartles, 238 




B'Jbu (Blaw), 53, 65, 67, 


69, 


Bartley. 173 (see Barclay) 


307 




Barton, 204 




Blauvelt. 79. 122 




Bartow, 121 




Blaiier, 224 




Batement. 279 




Bleijck. 2,81, 288 




Bayard, 176 




Blessir.gton, 225 




Bayles, 121 




Bloodgood, 116 




Beach, 228 




Bloom. 122, 288, 289 




Beam, 53, 57 




Blossom, 174 




Beard. 149 




Blue, .>! (see Blau) 




Beasl^v, 11 




Bockoven, 151 




Becx, 281 




Bod i tie, 57, 59. 61, 63, 78, 


US, 


Bedell, 1<>7, 198, 801 




122, 135, 142, 145, 146, 


302, 


Beekman. 25, 52. 65, 67 


09. 


304, 305 




109, 112, 121. 138, 147, 


14S 


Boel, 84 




150, 138. 2_0, 227, 228, 


229, 


Boells, 313 




236, 231. 234, 307. 308. 


*13 


Boh I. 226 




Belch, 292 




Bog>.rt, 56, 57, 59, 61. 63, 


123, 


Belcher. 252. 253 




115. 146, 232, 24-1, 2^6, 


258, 


Belknap. 217 




303. 905 




Bellesfelt, 121 




Boice. 123. 200, 220 




Bel lis, 47. 50. 121, 197, 225 




Boisnot, 187 




Benbrook, 151 




Bolger. 226 




Bence. 151 




Bolmer, 55. 67, 60, 234 




Benedict. 315 




Bomber, 52 




Benjamin. 210 




Bond, 124 




Bennett (Bennef). 45, 47 


, 67. 


Bonnell, 312 




69, 121. 142, 14S, 228, 


298, 


Bonne v. 61 




3o7, 311) 




Booraem. 123, 299 




Benson. 204 




Booth, 159 




Bent hall. 313. 314 




Booz. 210 




Berdine. 302. 304 




Bond: not, 74, 75 




Berg. 121 




Boulton, 78 




Bergen. 27, 55. 61. 65. 67 


69. 


Bound. 118. 183, 294 




81. 108. 116. 121. 122, 


123. 


Boutchcr. 284 




136. 137, 147, 148. 149, 


150, 


Bowers. 67 




159. 160. 228, 229, 230. 


232. 


Bowman (Bouwman). 56 


, 59, 


L'52, 244, 246, 254, 274, 


280, 


64. 12S, 145, 146, 236, 


268. 


306, 308 




299, 301 




Berger. 56 




Bowne. 176. 274 




Berkeley, 254 




Boyd. 43. 45, 79, 123, 158 




Bernard. 2Td 




Bover. 52 




Berrien. 122. 215, 257 




Boylan. 191. 231, 235 




Berry, 122. 15*. 244, 216 




Boyle, Pi'.. 205 




Bertant, 121 




Bradford. :.n:, 188 




Bertron. 50 




Brady. 58 




Bigger, 78, 173 




Braesser. 2S8 




Biggs, 61, 63, 207, 302. 


303. 


Brant. 1<> 




304 




Bray, 152, 1 41 




Billard. 129 




Brasiel, 58 





322 



Index to Surnames 



Breedon, 179, 317 

Breese, 47, 107 (see Brlce) 

Brenn, 223 

Bretton, 231, ' ,r >-. 304 

Brewer, 252, 25;;. 292 

Brewster, 187 

Brian (see Bryan) 

Brice (Dries), 63 (see Breece) Chittery, 136 



Chambers, 40, 43, 134, 23S, 

2-16 
Chandler, 201, 274 
Chapman, 176, 199 
Cheeseman, 38 
Chcwfon, 24 
Chi ids, 125, 399 



Bridon, 122 
Bright, 217 
Brinckerhoff, To, : 
Brink, 61, 124, 188 
Briuson (see Bru 
Brit con, 55, 58. 146 
Broadbury, 279 
Broadhead, 212 / 

Brotcaw, 47, 49, 50, 60, 63, 65, 



VX: 



<■■>'; 

306 



Chi wis, 31!' 
Chrison, 07, 58 
Churehwood, 143, 228, 231 
Cinen*, 304 

Claessen, 236 

Clark, 6, 44, 75, 108, 124, 161, 

193, 209, 233, 294 
Clarkson, 47, 148, 150, 223 
Clayton, 135 



66, 67, 68, 69, 110, 123, 142, Clickener, 301, 392, 303, 

143, 148, 149 150, 197, 199, (see Kiiekener) 

202, 223, 224, 228, 229, 230, Clinton, 103, 169 

231, 255, 306, 307, _ 
Broroe. 206 
Brouwer, 57. 60, 123, 146. 276 

301 , 302, 303 



305 



Brown, 43, 55, 65. 6 

132, 133, 148, 154. 

202, 204, 210, 211, 

227, 234, 251, 2.7, 

308 
Briiffs. 226 
Brunson (Brinson) 

316 
Bryan, 109, 110, 151, .152, 232 

233, 23S, 3^6 
Bryant, KH, 204 
Buchanan. 235 
Buckley. 213 
Ruell, 137 
Buenz, 158 
Bnllara, 53 
Bulrner, 226 
Bunn, m, 244 
Burgroyne, 99 
Burnet, 132, 206, 227, 250 
Burniston (Buneston) 

67, 69, 231 
Burroughs, 55, 275 
Burt, 79 
Burtis, 290, 293 
Bush, 30(5 
Buttfield, 76 
Button, 65 
Buyse, 268 



0$ 




Clowe, 103 
Coalther, 224 


146. 


276, 


Cobb, 177 
Coburn, 10 


69, 


128 i 


Cock, 56, 57, 53, 59. 60, 63, 64, 


181, 


200, 


145, 150, 190, 201, 229, 303 


224, 


226, 


(see Cox) 



89, 148, 150, 



Cadmus, 52 
Caldwell. 66, 67 
150, 229 

Calkins. 21 i 
Callshet, 302, 303, 304 
Carninann, 54, 120, 124, 206 
Cam p. 44, 20*1 



91, 296, Cockburn 260 

Codington (Corrjngton) 47, 
52, 124, 198, 30Q, 306 
25, 323, Coejeman, 159 

Coert, 240 

Coggswell, 177 

Cole. 02. 60, 6-1, 124, 134, 145, 
\ 146, 147. 1*8, 277, 301. 302, 
*A 303, 304, 305 (see Kool. 

Kuhl) 
Collier, 214 
Ceilings, 131, 203 
Collins. 232, 290 
Collver, 127 
Combs, 235 
Comeback, 54, 229 
Comer, 68, 149 
Compton, 119, 124, 154, 234 
Con, 52 
Condit (Condict), 4, 14, 75, 

107, 177, 160, 214 
Cone, 1S8 
Conklin (Conkling), 133, 188, 

225 
Connelly, 19S 
Conner, 79 
Conover, 51, 72, 128, 136. 137, 

139, 210, 227, 288, 292, 294, 

205 301. 304, 305, 219 
Conway, 24 
Cook, 188, 307 
Cool. 188, 301 (see Cole) 
Coon, 3, 4, 47, 151, 160, 224. 244 
Coop, 149 



65, 



Campbell, 53, 205, 226, 223, 30S, Cooper, 38, 39, 41, 44. 52, 5S, 



311. 312 

Caningtan, 47 

Cannon, 20. 183. 209, 258. 262 

Carl". 12S, 174 

Carkton, 99 

Carmer, 204 

Carpenter. 95 

Carr, 124 

Carson. 308 

Carteret. 119, 254 

Carver, 187 

Carwithy, 190, 236 

Casdale, 313 

Case, 124, 306, 308 

Castner (Cosner), 43, 63, 66. 
67. 1.9, 124. 125, 129, 143, 
149, 150, 228, 230. 231 308 

Cauldwell, 35 (sec 
well) 



60. 65, 69. 149. 174, 17s, 
188, 1S9, 209. 225, 228, 230, 
308 



Chamberlain, 174 



Coover. 73 

Cope, 212 

Copper, 305 

Coragon, 65 

Coriell, 39. 1S9. 226, 316 

Cornells, 60, 92, 93 

Cornell. 52, 134, 142. 143, 146. 

151, 189, 219. 258, 303, 306 
ComwaHIs 15-24, 101, 104, isi- 

164. 170 
Corrington (see Codington) 
Corsen (Coursen), 59, 61. 63. 

254, 317 r 

Cortelyou, 29. 117. 118, 135, 

140, 112, 143, 186, 188, 189, 

222, 257. 258. 259, 316 
Cold- corwin. 82. 142, 1S9. 313. 314 
Cory (Corey), 54, 176, 189 
-Cosart (Cussart), 2, 304 



Coshun, 78 (see Kershaw) 
Cosine, 62, 64, 140, 1S4, 223, 

301, 304 
Cosner (see Castner) 
Coultons, 202 
Courell, 316 
Courten, 115 
Covert, 47, 54. 66, 68, 117, 150, 

189, 214, 229, 306 
Cowart, 313 
Cowenhoven (Kouwenhov- 

en), 58, 60, 71. 78, 116, L51, 

189 290. 295. 298 (see Van 

Cowenhoven) 
COX, 25, 66, 07. 68, 14S. 150, 

1X3. 184, 187, 190. 226, 229, 

231. 255 (see Cock) 
Coyle 227 

Craig". 36, 47, 139, 190, 203, 224 
Cramer, 203, 227 
Crane. 66, 67, 190 
Cranmer, 81, 190, 205, 235 
Crater, 55, 191 
Crawford, 66, 68, 148, 214 
C re gar, 284 
Cregier. 90, 95, 274 (sc-e Kri- 

gers) 
Creveling, 210 
Crood. 313 
Cropsey, 290 
Cross, 174, 209 
Crow, 47 
Croxson. 289, 293 
Crum, 201 
Cruser, 54, 115, 112, 181, 222 

(see Krusen) 
Cubberly, 68, 69, 149. 228, 230, 

307 
Cuddeback, 137 
Cuilinger, 145 
Culver, 51 
Camming, 126 
Cummings, 55 
Cupper, 304 — 
Cushman, 186, 187, 188, 256 
Cuyler, 278 

Daley, 305 

Dalley, 2'j7 

Daniel. 309 

Davenport, 65, 191, 255 

Davids, 56, 58 

Davidson, 121 

Davis, 1. 54, 60, 65. 60. 68. 69. 

116, 148, 149, 161. 183, 230, 

276, 306, 308 
Davison, 183 
Dawk ins, 154 
Day, 135, ISO, 199 
Dayton, 11 a. 191 
Dean. 47. 211 
DearweH, 307 
de Baile, 286 
DeBoog, 121 
DeCamp. 66. 68. 69. 149, 191. 

228, 231. 307 
Decker. 211. 304 
Deforest, 65, 223 
L>c Graaf, 7S 

De Groot. 47. 73. 75. 191. 197 
DeHart, 27. 28. 29. 54. 156, 191. 

294. 295, 316 
D'Haryet, 58 
de I leister. 21 
DeKalb, 168 
De La Fayette. 168-170 
de La n ton, 276 
Demarest, 78, 120, 191. 315 
de Mayer, 90. 91 
Dernier, 299, 300 
De Mott. 15, 56. 57. 59. 60. 61. 

63, 63, Hi. 97, 141. DO. 147, 

17-;, 177. 184, 193, 20 

206, 297, 90S, 3«H 



Index to Siirnames 



323 



Demun (Dumon), 66, 128, 119, 

158, 1*2. 231, 302, 301 (.see 

also Dumon t) 
Dennie, 132 

Denise, 136, 192, 267, 290, 293 
de Planeken, 281 
Derby. 202 
Derricks, 262 
Derrickson, 186 
Descher, BO 
Deshler. 137 
Devore. 46, 303. 304, 306 
«* — 'DeWitt, 62. 192, 275 
Dickens, 164 
Dickinson. 163, 164, 254 
Dildein, 5S 
Dilley, 226 
Dillingham. 208 
Dilts, 51, 193 
Dipperey, 212 
Direks, 265, 26% 280 
Dister, 62 
Ditmars (Ditmas), 52, 68, 

147, 149, 193, 212, 225, 229, 

305, 308 
Dixon, 300 
Dockwra, 196, 314 
Dodson. 223 
Dolliver. 193 
Donaldson, 316 
Donavin, 201 
Doolittle. 55 
Dorem, 146 
, "-Dorlant (Dorland), 145, 1S6. 

194, 204 (see Durling) 
V Doty, 54. 59. 61, 66. -67, 118, 

N 193, 197, 214, 300 . 

Dougherty, 225, 227 
Doughty, 160, 193 
Dow. 53, 57, 62, 64, 68, 154, 224, 

225, 304 
Dracas, 207 
— Drake, 66, 67, 116, 193, 223, 

240 
Drew, 208, 216 
Drost, 53 
DuBois, 60, 61, 122, 194, 218, 

292 
Dudgen, 201 
Dudley, 10 
Dumont, 7. 52. 57, 60. 61, 62. 

66, 68, 80, 1«, 147, 149, 158, 

194. 209, 201, 202. 224, 229, 
244, 254. 306, 307, 308 

Dungan, 194, 240 
Dunham. 25, 27, 53, 65, 151, 
181, 194. 315 
"•■Dunn, 14, 45. 47, 66 
Dunster, 194 
Dura.nt, 118 
Durham, 44, 241 
Durling, 194 (see Dorlant) 
Duryea, 130, 195, 216. 219, 268, 

307 
Dutcher, 137 
Duvckinck, 55. 195 
Dye, 139 

Eager, 16 
Ebert, 120 ' 
Eccler, 225 

Eden born. 308 
Edgar, 16, 151 
Edmonds, 319 
Edwards. 86. 1^7 
-Egbert, 56. 58, >U. 63, 64, 145, 

146, 147, 261. 302, 303. 304, 

305 
Egberts*n, 261 
Ege, 195 
Elbercson, 183 
Ellison, 236 
Elmendoif, 67. 69, 70. 147. 149, 

195, 22S. 230, 306, 307 



Elwell, 193 
Efnbtey, 135 

Emmons (Emans), 56, 57, 58, 
60. 61. 63. 195, 305, 316 

Enderson, 146 

En gel. 57 

English, 38. 198. 235 

Eoff, 43, 195, 229, 231, 234, 301, 
308 

Errickson, 295 

Este, 178, 320 

Everett, 43, 45 

Eversal. 227. 

Ewing, 320 

Pair beck, 195 

Fanger, 145. 147, 203 

Farley, 69. 131, 148, 231, 306 

Farrand. 177 

Fauconnier, 312 

Felix, 192 

Fenner, 153, 154, 155 

Ferris, 209 

Field. 47, 195, 197, 215 

Fielder. 76 

Fine, 226 

Fin ley, 195 

Fisher, 51. 66, 68. 69, 85, 124, 
117, 150, 170, 171, 196, 229, 
235, 243, 214, 215, 246, 306, 
314. 320 

Fiske. loi 

Fitzgibbon. 204 

Flagg, 52 

Foering, 162 

Folcross, 292 

Fontevn, 78. 286, 287 

Ford. 5, 6. 9 

Forman, 316 

JY>rster. 29, 68 

Fortesque, 104 

Foster. 148, 223, 231 

Fouch. 294 

Fourt, 47 

Foussier. 94, 95 

Francis, 53 

Franklin. 307. 314 

Freeman. 84, 160 

Freese. 317 ' 

Freksche. 205 

Frelinghuvsen, 25. 2S. 72. 73, 
74. 80, 81-S9, 116, 127, 147, 
149. 156, 171, 196, 225, 228, 
243. 214. 245, 261. 366. 307, 

305, 314 

French, 24. 68, 140. 142. 143. 
147, 14S, 150. 183, 222. 229, 

306. 316 
Freneau, 6 
Fritts, 113, 111 
Fritz. 233 

Fry, 183 ^ 2 

Fulkorson. 46, 18. W6, 223, 
298 

Gaddis. 67. 147. 149, 228, 231 

Gage. 245 

Galloway. 97, 100. 101, 102 

Galpin, 79 

Gamble. 226 

Gamblen. 306 

Gambler. 228 

Gano. 226, 229 

Gardner. 276 

Garner. 214 

Garretson. 25. 48. 51. 53. 65, 

67. 68. 117, US, 131, 133. 

140. 112. 143. 114, 14'.*, 182, 

183, 199, 202. 222. 227, 228. 

230, 2T»:». 258, 288, #3, 298. 

301, 307. 316. 20S 
Garrigues, 131 
Garrison. 113 



Gaston, 33-45, 66, 125-133, lT.i, 
176, 177, 179, 190, 193-207, 
230, 238, 244, 246, 308, 318 

Gates, 99 

Gat tin, ?26 

Gender, 137 

Germain, 18 

Gibbs, 211 

Giddes, 46 

Gifford, 259, 260. 316 

Giles. 196 

Gillette. 205 

GiMipsie, 227 

Gilman, 205 

Git hens, 201 

Godfrey. 260 

Goetschius, 60 

Golbray, 225 

Goldthrap, 244 

Goltry, 226 

Goodman, 306 

Gkxxlwiii, 137 

Gordon. 46, 54, 179, 291, 317, 
31S 

Gosling, 4S 

Gouverneur, 146 

Graff, 200 

Graham, 227 

Grant, 18, 20, 110, 112 

Graved. 78 

Gray (Grey), 46, 102, 150, 235 

Green (Greene), 48, 104. 103, 
167, 768, 170, 231. 293, 303, 
305 

Green bank, 132 

Greenland. 123 

Griffith. 230, 255, 3-08 

Griggs, 61, 196, 237 

Guest, 316 

Gu'.iek. 55. 56, 183, 196, 316 

GUBR, 300* ~ — ~ 

Guy, 138 

HafT, 301 (see Hoff) 
Hageman (liegeman), 28, 20, 

48. 57, 59, 61, 65, 67, 63, 78. 

116. 117, 118, 149, 182, 185. 

WI. 228. 230, 2:35, 257, 262, 

2*2, 295, 316, 317, 318. 320 
Haines, 273 
Hall. 51. 53, 54, 57, 58, 62. 65, 

68, 107. 121. 144, 148. 151, 
197, 224. 22S, 230, 273, 292, 
302, 303, 304, 306, 307 

Ha lie v, 160 

HaMowell. 293 

Halsen, 213 

Hateey, 79 

Hamilton. 55. 168 

Hammond, 155 

Hamner. 79 

Ha nee. 273 

Hand. 197 

Hankinson. 225 

Hanmer. 279 

Hanna, 33. 36 

Hardcastle. 65, 67. 69, 223 

Hardenbergh, 54. 64. 66. 68. 

69. 108, 109. 149. 152. 209. 
228. 231. 273, 295. 301. 307. 
314, 319 

Hardenbroeck, 59, 286 
Harder, 65 
Hardgrove, 22S 
Hardin, 60 
Harn.an. 76 
Harmer, 55 
Harned, 222 
Harper, 293 

Harriot 66. 125, 143. 225, I 8 
Harris. 112. T37, 227 
Harrison. 6. 13. 175. ITS, B7, 
258 ^se<- Arrison) 



324 



Index to Surnames 



Hart. 69. 79, 80, 149, 231. 273, 

313, 314 
Hartough, 226 
Hart well, 74, 112. 230, 306, 

307 
Harwood, 55 
Hastings, 227 
Hathaway, 223 
Haven, 17 
Havens, 278 
Haver, 9D0 
Haynes, 273 
Heath, 59, 179. 194, 225, 226, 

273, 319 
Heathcoat, 316 
Hedges, 44, 198, 229, 231, 273, 

308 
Hegeman (see Hageman) 
Heman 135 
Henderson, 2S3 
Hendricks, 8, 92, 194, 254, 277, 

285, 286 
Hendriekson, 119, 159, 289, 

290, 316 
Henry, 71, 158, 202, 274, 275 
Henth, 224 

Herbert, 136, 179, 226, 274 
Herd en, 62, 64 
Herder, 51, 53, 67, 110, 148 

(see Hurder) 
Hermans, 275, 285, 286 
Hermitage, 66 
Herriman, 217 
Herrington, 63, 146 
Heryard. 59 
Hicks, 63 
/Higgins, 53, 274, 316 
Hildebrant, 92, 93, 227 
Hiler, 274 (see Hyler) 
Hinds, 191 
Hiner, 225 
Hlnman, 106, 208 
Hixon, 51 

Hoagland, 46. 48, 49, 51, 52, 
54, 55. 56, 61, 65. 67, 68, 69, 
78, 90, 94, 95, 96, 142, 144, 
145, 148, 130, W), 183, 185, 
224, 228, 229, 231, 274, 306, 
308, 313 
Hobart, 201 
Hodell, 52 
Hodge, 52, 225, 227 
Hoes, 56 

Hoff. 45, 48, 52. 58, 59, 60, 61, 
124. 146, 231 (see Haff 
and Huff) 
Hoffman, 52, 53. 55. 61. 63, 
145, 146. 147, 275, 301, 302, 
303, 304 
Hogan, 52 
Hogeboom, 56, 58 
Hoh, 52 
Holt, 52 
Holburgh, 53 
Holcombe, 53 
Hold en, 53 
Holder, 53 
Holland. 53 
Hollenbrick, 53 
Holllngshead, 53, 78 
Holly. 234 
Holmes, 53 
Holseart. 278, 291 
Homan (Romans) 53 
Honey man, 1, 53, 152, 275 
Hood. 114 
Hoogteling, 7S 
Hooper. 53 
Hoornbeeek, 95. % 
Hoover. 53 
Hope. 53 
Hopkins, 53 
Hopper, 53 
Hoppuugh (Hoppock),53, US 



Horner, 53, 151 
Horton, 48, 53, 308, 311 

Houghton, 53 
House, 53 
House!. 53 

Houston, 53, 132, 178 
Howard. 53. 54. 151, 316 
Howe, 15-24, 54. 71. 97-105. 

163-165, 170, 176 
Howell, 51, 53. 54, 56, 64, 110. 

112. 175, 177. 215, 230, 258, 

275, 307, 308 
Howland. 17 
Hubbard, 54, 223 
Hubbell. 64 
Hud e, 243 
Hudley, 54 
Hudnut, 51, 54 
Huet, 54 
Huff, 54, -65, 68, 225, 229 (see 

Hoff and Haff) 
Hughes, 55 
Hughs, 225 
Hugo, 2% 
Hulbert. 55 
Hulee. 55 
Hulick, 55. 78, 257 
Hull, 55. 200, 227 
Hullfish, 55 
Hulsizer, 55, 275 
Humble, 55 
Hummer, .55 
Humming, 308 
Hunfield, 55 
Hunt. 48, 55, 195, 241, 246. 275, 

316. 317 
Hunter. 55, 126, 148, 238 
Huntingdon, 55 
Hurd. 39. 55 

Hurder. 55 (see Herder) 
Hurse, 55 
Hutchins, 55, 120 
Hutchinson, 55, 135, 180 
H utter, 55 
Hyatt. 55 
Hvde, 56 
Hv!e. 240 
Hyler, 56, 274, 319 (see Hiler) 

Imlav. 150. 255 

Ingham. 139, 150 

Ireton, 293 

Irvens. 150 

Irvin (Irwin). 150. 151 

Irvine, 317, 2S0, 150. 151 

Irving, 11. 151, 280 

Isaacs. 151 

Ives. 151 

Ivey, 151 

Jackson. 53, 151, 223, 227 

Jacobs (Jacob), 182, 223. 263 

Jacobsen, 236 

Jaeger, 157, 223 

Jaffrey. 204 

Jalovotte. 223 

James, 223 

Jameson. 276 

Jans. 117. 191. 123 

Jan sen, 56, 57. 58, 59, 60, 61. 
62. 64. 117. 144. 145. 11*;. 231, 
232 285. 302, 303, 304 (see 
Johnson) 

Jaques, 223, 225 

Javcox. 223 

Jeaknis. 223 

Jefferson. 96 

Jeffery, 223 

Jeliffe, 223 

Jellows, 223 

Jenkins. 223 

Jenner, 22:* 

Jennings. 7. 223. 224 

Jeroloman. 152, 224, 276 



Jewell, 7S, 224 

Jobs, 2l<$ 

Johnson (Johnston), 6, 7, 41, 
42. 43. 46. 58. 64. 173. 178, 
185, 224. 225. 227, i 
(see Jansen) 

Joline. 116 

Jones, 51. 122, 175, 225 

Jordan, 205 

Joris<\ 285 

Judah, 12 

Judd, 225 

Julius. 225 

Jurcks, 267 

Kadell. 225 

Kaelsche, 56, 60 

Kahler, 52 

Kaizorousky, 225 

Kalm, 29-33 

K a 1 1 , 225 

Kane, 218, 225 

Karsamrner, 225 

Kealye, 225 

Kearney, 186, 316 

Keeder. 225 

Keefe, 225 

Keeler, 225 

Keepsey, 225 

Keidling. 225 

Kei longer, 303 

Keiley, 198, 207 

Keiser, 225. 226 

Kellem. 200 

Kelly, 214. 225 

Kelsey, 243, 245 

Kem'nle, 225 

Kempton. 225 

Kenard, 226 

Kennedy. 112, 113, 226 

Kenney. 304. 3'>5 

Kent. Jl, 226. 316 

Ken yon, 226, 276 

Kerkhoff, 147 

Ker (Kerr). 41, 43. 79, 226, 

276, 317 
Kershaw. 51. 53. 226 (see 

Coshun) 
Kettch, 226 
Kettle, 226 
Kibbe. 226 
Kilgore. 39 
Killinger. 147. 302 
Kilpatrick, 226 
Kiraber, 213 
Kimsey. 22« 
Kincried. 226 
Kinds, 226 
King. 39. 66. 6$, 117. 149. 130, 

179, 205, 207, 224. 220. 244. 

306. 317 
Kinnan (Kennan), 106-10S. 

197. 226. 278 
Kinney (Kitme). 57, 58, 62, 

63, 147. 226 
Kinyon. 226. 27 •> 
Kipp (Kip). 78, 95, 136. 226. 

276. 306 
Kiple. 52. 226 
Kipsey, 22). 226 
Kirborger. 280 
Kirch. 226 
Kirk. 226 
Kirkpatriek. 35, 37. 39. 40. 41. 

42. 65. 128. 171-lSn. -&». 227, 

230, 237. 276, 316. 317 
Kise. 227 
Kitchen. 210, 227 
Kltkelr, 227 
Kliokener. 211. 227 (s-v 

CMckenor^ 
Kline (Klein), 39. 60, 205, 

227. 209, 276 
Ktotz. 227 



Index to Surnames 



325 



Kluth, 225 
Knapp, 808 
Kneass, 227 

Kniffin, 211 

Knight. 227 

Knov/Ies, 227 

Kimwlton, 138 

Knox, 167, 234 

Koeck. 267 

Koevers, 59 

Kool. r-G. 58. 59. 0>. 61, 121. 

277 (see Kuhl, Cool and 

Cole) 
Korsen (see Corsen) 
Krigers, 95 
Krins; 227 
Krom, 56. 57, 58, 62 
Krusen, 191, 227 (see Cru- 

ser) 
Krvmer, 227 
Kuhl, 227. 277, 301, 303, 305 

(see Kool, Cool, Cole) 
Kumbel, 227 
Kupple, 227 
Kurtz, 227 
Kuwood, 227 



La bash, 80, 277 

Leboyteaux. 59, 78 

Lach?>ire, 91 

Lafetra. 27S 

LaForge, 65, 300 

Laird, 294 

Lake, 316 

Lallen, 46 

Lambert, 122 

Lambertse, 236 

La Monte. 277 

Lane, 48, 49. 50, 53. 55, 56, 

58. 59. 60, 62, 63, 73. 

113, 129, 130, 144, 145, 

147, 151, 154, 212, 277, 

303, 304, 305 
Lain. 225 
La rose, 2d2 
La Rue, 44 
Latham. 240 
LaTourette, 51, 73, 112, 

277 
Lauenstein, 206 
Laurenszen. 285 
Lawrence, 277, 286, 291 
Laws, 146 

Layton. 39, 228, 229, 308 
Leake, 15$, 
Leary. 205 
Leavitt, 77 
Led better, 229 
Lee, 162. 16* 
Leenderts, 277 
LeFevre, 123, 204. 302 
Leffertson, 288, 290 
Lefferty, 41, 129. 246, 247, 
LeG range, 59, 66 
Leonard, 306, 316 
LeRoy. 216 
Leslie, 18. 161 
Lessey, 175 
Lesk. 302 
Lever, 150 
Levinge. 20 
Lewis, 55, 65, 151, 175. 

223, 226, 239, 273, 278 

317 
Leydt, 25. 26, 316 
Llddle, 48 
Liest. 60 
Lincoln, 21, 16i 
Lindabury, 155, 278 
Linington, 216 
LI tin. 42, 45, 74. 17S. 1.78 
Lister, 53 
Little, 46. 197. 227 
Livings, 236, 237 



57, 
112. 
146, 
301, 



113, 



Logan, 37 
Lonati, 2:2 

Long, 52 

Lonsstreet, 56, 57. 58, 60, 237, 
2-31, m, 286. 289, 316 

Losey, 107, 306 

Lott, 216, 278. 320 

Loughran, 238 

Loury. 7S 

Lowe (Low), 48, 56, 57, 58, 
59, 60, 61, C2, 63, 64, 145, 
147. 213, 244, 278, 299, 302 

Lozier, 53 

Lubbertse, 123. 318 

Lucas. 189 

Ludlow, 51, 80, 279 

Lumley, 80 

Lunger, 275 

Lutz, 55 

Lyies, 144 

Lyon, 107, 279 

Mabin, 210 
MacArthur, 34 
MacKinney, 57, 59 
Maclean. 232 
Madison, 6 
Ma gee. 78, 223 
Maginnis. 210 
Major, 53 
Maley, 226 

Mallet-Prevost. 132. 206 
Man ley, 117, 257, 260, 316 
Mann, 113. 148, 150, 229, 239 
Manning, 48, 55, 122. 214, 279 
Marlett. 57. 58. 59 (see Mer- 

lett) 
Marshall, 8. 11 £*■* 

Martens. 92 

Martin, 52. 223, 224, 226. 279^- 
Martine. *0l 
Marttenssen, 90 
Marvin, II 
Mawhood. IS, 19 
Maxwell. 51. 110. 112, 136, 152, 

153, 268. 171. 175. 228* 23 
McAllister. 2:6 
McBride, 227 
McCain, 43. 62 
McCall, 148 

McCalla. 112. 113, 150, 229 
McClain, 3S 
McClellan. 276 
McColm, 51, 67 
McConaughy, 235 
McCord. 5t 
McCormick, 201 
McCowen, 53 (see Mc- 

Eowen) 
McCov, 65, 107 
McCrea, 36. 70, 72, 79. 238, 

310 
McCrum, 66, 68, 147, 149, 306 
McCullough, 234 
McCune. 261 
McCutchen, 76. 77 
McDaniels. 70 
McDonald. 5. 9, 10. 41. 70-76. 

113. 160, 209. 244. 252. 253, 

279. 301 
McDowell, TO, 12-". 1:^. _-,4. 279 
McEowen, Si, 127. 15S. 173, 

190, 230, 234 (see McCow- 
en. Mcyown) 
McOill. 1%, 803 
Mclivaine, 58 
Mclntyre, 223 
McKeen, 260 
McKinney. 63. 64. 144. 145, 

146, 231, 302. 303. 3(4 
McKissack, 46, 71, 235. 261 
McKnight, 46 
McLaury. 13S 
McMartin. 41, 173 



McMurtry. 280 
McNeill, 206 
McPike, 160 

McQown, 190 
McQuackin, 192 
McVicker, 150 

Mead, 76 

Megapolensis, 285 

Me hard, 205 

51 eh elm, 127. 234 

Meinders, 231, 302, 304, 305 

Meldrum, 110, 111, 112 

Melick (Mellick), 41, 54, 

276, 280, 312 (see Moe- 

lich) 
Mellen, 79 

Mercer, 68, 148, 263, 276, 316 
Mericle, 212 
Merlett (Marlett), 57, 58, 59, 

146, 147, 193. 301, 302 
Merrill, 29. 53, 182 
Mershon, 280 
Messer, 48, 204 
Messier, 66, 113, 114. 241. 251, 

255, 268-269, 280, 283, 313 
Metorum. 148 
Metselaer, 268-269, 280 
Mettes, 145, 146 
Mettler. 280 
Me vers, 134 
Middagh. 59. 60. 71, 78, 147, 

238, 214, 288 
Middlesworth. 119 (see Van 

Middlesworth) 
Mil bourne, 54 
Miller, 44. 65. 147 



225, 229. 281, 30^ 



178, 210, 
305, 306. 



48, 
145. 



281, 299, 



307, 281 
Mills, 4 
Minor, 51. 218 
Mirax. 300 
Miskom. 60 
Mitchell, 239 
Mil ford. 283 

Moelich. 42, 276 (see Melick) 
Moffat, 36, 46, 214 
Moldenke, 281 
Molieson, 2 
Montfort (Monfoort), 

56. 5S. 62. 63. 64, 78. 

146. 147, 2S1. 302. 303 
Montgomery, 212 
Montressor. 21 
Moore. 48. 140. 141. 

300. 301. 305 
Morford, 4S 
Morgan. 166. 227 
Morris, 44, 4S. 53. 73. 

228, 229. 230. 312 
Morton, 189, 292 
Mount, 149. 228, 229. 3'*> 
Moylan, 16S 
Muller, 281 
Mulliner. 225. 226. 

Van Mulliner) 
Mundy, 55. 68 
Munsoti, 213 
Myor, 46 

Noafie. 89. 263. 282 

Need ham. 225 

Neefies, 26S 

Neefus. 144. 222. 282 

Neighbour. 193 

Nesbitt, 52. 68. 73. MB, 230 

Nestor. 48 

Neul (see Newell) 

Nevia, 224 

Nevius. 44. 66, 58, 78. 90. 99. 

115. 117. 130, 185, 144, 1M. 

156, 176. 183, 184, 300 218, 

220, 259. 200. 281. 288, 8M, 

29.5 



SO. 



3<*3 (see 



326 



Index to Surnames 



Newell (Neul), 146, 232, 302, 

301 
Newman, 224, 317 
Nicholas, 206, 207 
Nichols, 254 
Nlcoli, 216, 229, 250 
Night, 184 
Nine-master, 48, 65, 66, 150, 

229 
Noakes, 19 
Norris, 48, 197, 229 
North, 157 
North rup, 232 
Norton, 135 
Nulman, 55 
Nunn, 210 

Oakey, 183 

Obert, 135 

O'Connor, 300 

Ogbum, 55 

Ogden, 41, 41, 246, 255, 258 

Olden, 316 

Olleger, 62 

Omack, 64 

Onderdonk, 282 

Opdycke, 54, 282, 316 (see 

Updike) 
Oppie, 244, 308 
OpuJsaer, 267 
Orsman, 46 
Osborn, 224, 236 
Ostrum, 317, 318 
Outcalt, 25, 135, 221 
Ove, 66 



Paan. 124 

Pack, 47 

Palmer, 130, 210 

Parish, 230 

Parke, 6 

Parker, 19S, 234, 235 

Parrish, 214, 308 

Parry, 78, 160, 202 

Parsell, 52 

Paterson, 55, 70, 115, 171, 179, 

245 
Patten, 149, 317 
Paulison, 51, 130 (see Pow- 

elson) 
Pearson, 224 
Peck, 129 
Peet. 139 
Penfield, 210 
Pennel, 29 
Pennington, 48, 198 
Penny, 224 
Pereau, 133 
Perkins, 211 
Perrine, 48, 52, 67. 73, 75, 197, 

224, 225, 227, 235, 282, 320 
Perry, 39, 210 
Peters, 194 
Peterson, 47, 51, 57, 60, 69, 

148, 150, 224, 229, 230. 231, 

244, 25-1, 308 
Pettinger (Pittinger), 57, 54, 

58. 60, 61, 146, 301, 306 
Pettit, 210 

Phenix, 3S, 57, 154, 202 
Philhower. 2.S2 
Phillips. 18, 177, 198, 203 
Philpott, 207 
Pierce, 9, 52, 55 
Plerson, 202 
Pike, 120. 309 
Place, 276 
Plamer, 124 
Piatt, 137 
Polen, 57, 5$, 61, 62, 144 



Polhemus, 52, 80, 115, 138, 
140, 148, 150, 18-3, 208, 211, 
213, 218, 222, 229, 230, 240, 

282, 295, 296, 308 
Poling, 291 
Pope, 48, 52 

Porter, 13, 23, 150, 229, 231, 
307 

Post, 47. 51, 66. 282, 302, 308 

Potter, 199, 2*3 

Potts, 192 

Poulis, 122 

Powelson. 33. 51, 59, 57. 129, 
148, 150, 226, 228, 229, 234, 
268, 283, 30S (see Pauli- 
son) 

Prall 267. 283 

Price, 135 

Priest, 182 

Prince, 312 

Probasco. 48, 160, 186, 33, 

215. 283, 287 
Proome, 224 
Pruden, 283 
Prusse, 304 
Pullin. 227 

Pumyea, 27, 185, 186, 256. 257, 

316 
Putnam. 215 
Putney. 46 
Pyatt. 29, 316 
Pyle. 207 

Quack. 48 

Quick, 48, 51, 52. 54, 58, G5. 

66. 67. 68. 69, 70, 125. 149. 

150, 175. 184, 1S6, 193, 197. 

202, 213, 231, 2.55, 258. 264. 

283, 302, 307, 308. 316, 329 

Rainbolt, 215 

Ramsey, 203 

Randolph. 6, 48 

Ranton, 75 

Rapalje (Rapalye). 50. 122. 

216, 254, 262, 283, 287, 285. 
298. 299, 320 

Rarick. 284 

Rass, 61 

Rea, 37 

Read. 252 

Reading, 54, 312 

Reamer, 135 

Reas. 212 

Reed, 224, 225 

Reger, 53 199. 284 

Reid. 159 • 

Rummers. 93 

Rerns, 116 

Remsen. 55 

Reynders, 285 

Reynolds, 132 

Rhinehart, 46, 158, 284 

Rial, 67 

Rider. 14-4 

Ridgewav, 236 

Riker. 136. 288, 284 

Robbins, 53 

Roberts. 279 

Robertson. 225 

Robeson, 284 

Robinson, 183 

Rockefellow. 147. 149, 207, 

228, 230. 306. 308 
Rockhill, 284 
Rode n bough, 158 
Rodgers, 52, .55, 79. 151. 183 
Roelof. 31S 
Roelfson. 284 
Roes. 57 

Rolph (RofO, 46 
Romeyn, 223 
Rommen, 286 
Roos. 2S6 



Roseboom, 81 
Rosenkrans, 67, 149 
Ross. 16 
Rowe, 274 
Rowland, 51, 224 
\ Roys CRoy), 178, 243, 241, 245 
Ruckman, 300, 307 
Rue, 199. 222 
Runge, 298 * ' ~ 
Runyon, 41. 140, 14S, 150, 207, 

225, 226. 228, 231, 28i, 300 
Russell, 217, 283 
Rutgers, 315 
Ruth, 252 
Rycken, 182, 185 
Ryerson, 57, 59, 146. 320 
Rynearson (Rynierson), 230, 
285-287, 308 

Safer, 227 

Safford, 206 

Salomon, 302 

Same. 61 

Sample, 44 

Sanders. 51, 151, 227 

Saums, 145, 308 

Sax ton, 52, 289 

Searnmel, 168 

Schaeffer, 42 

Schenck, 48, 53, 56, 64, 65, 

89-96, 114. 115, 116, 14S. 149, 

150, 176, 1S4, 221, 228, 230, 

235, 243, 244, 245. 260, 261, 

262. 288. 290, 292 
Schepmos. 267, 273 
Schermerhorn, €1 
Sehits. 145 
Schlev, 126 
Schm'elzel. 204 
iSehmerzen, 55 
Schomp CSehamp). 43, 58, 59, 

62, 147. 182, 197, 224, 303 
Schoon maker. 59. 
Sehureman, 295 
Schuyler, 105 
Scinle, 55 
Scott. 74. 79. 110. 112. 1:55, 175. 

183. 238. 260, 291, 296, 317 
Scudder 44, 210, 244 
Scully. 305 
Searle. 209 
Sebring. 52, 61. 59. 62. 144, 175. 

231, 244 
Selover, 290 (see Slover) 
Semans. 214 
Sequine. 134 
Sergeant (Sargeant). 113, 

128. 132, 198, 203. 235. 243, 

244. 245. 301 
Shangie, 224 
Shanks. 316 
Shannon. 14 
Sharp, 65. 151. 224 
Shepherd, 54 
Shots. 301 
Shipman. 289. 303 
Shoemaker. 61 
Shu man. 284 
Shurts (Schirts). 57 
Shine. n,n 
SHcocks. 29. 137 
Stivers. 135 
Simons. 195 
Slmorison, 5t. 5S. 06. 67. 6S. 

69. U< 150. 229. 230. 302. 

:•<!}. S06, ;i>7 

Simon con. 38 

Simpson, 61. 128 

Sims (Simms), 48, 223 

Sinev. 216 

Singleton, 17^ 

Skillrnan. 26, 48. 53, 55, 115, 

117. 138, 139. 221. 224, 226. 

244. 296 



Index to Surnames 



3*7 



133, 174, 222, 



Blast. 304 
Sleeht. 58 
Sleight, 26 
Sloan, 37, 30, 

227, 237 
^Slover, 259, 2*), 290 
Smalley, 47, 77, 200, 299, 300, 

319 
Smith, 48, 51, 52. 53, 54. 55, 66, 

67, 68, 79. 135, 142, 113, 148, 

149, 150. 151. 15A 184, 202. 

210, 212, 218, ;:19, 226, 228f 

229, 230, 235 279. 282, 291, 

298, 307 
Smock (Smack), 59. 60, 63, 

69, 78. 148, 130, 200, 231, 299, 

306, 307, 319 
Snap. 78 
Snediker, 2S5, 305 
Sniffin, 55 

Snowden, 135, 219. 244 - 
Snyder, 183, 222, 224, 296 
Soden, 135 
Sohier, 192 
Somerset. 227 
Son mans, 117, 312 
Sou lard, 182 
Southard, 48, 107, 10S, 113, 197, 

27S 
Spader, 54, 65, 67, 148, 219, 

319 
Spencer, 124, 179, 18S, 225 
Sperhcck. 79 
Sproull, 235 
Squier, 39, 176 
Staats. 1, 3, 4. 50, 52, 53, 

67. 69, 139. 197. 258, 266, 

267, 268, 307, 308 
Scagg, 78 
Standenmaior, 225 
Standfast, 65, 67 
Stanford, 237 
Stansbury, 197, 223 
Starkey, 214 
Stedman, 20 
Steele, 48, 179, 197 
Steen, 305 
Stein, 145 
Stelle, 176, 260, 261 
Stephens, 115. 131, 150 
Stephenson. 209 
Sterling. 272 

Steuben (Baron). 156-158, 108 
Stevens. 53, 58, 92, 93. 229, 

301, 304 
Stevenson. 173 
Steward, 66, 67 
Stewart, 76. 132, 160. 205. 300 
Stillweli, 65, 66, 68, 14S, 235 
Stimson, 14 
Stire. 147 
Stirling (Lord), 23, 105, 156. 

235 
Stockton, 74, 171. 316 
Stoll. 56. 57. 58, 59, 61 62. 63, 

64, 145, 146, 301. 303 
Stone. 35 

Stoothoff. 62. 84. 93. 146, 142. 

143, 207, 219. 221. 222, 257, 

259. 261, 290, 296, 316 
Storer. 54 
Stout, 39. 52, 63. 179. 212, 227, 

231, 277, 303. 305, 306, 307. 

316 
Stowe, 235 
Strong. 113 
Stryker (Striker), 48. 51. 52, 

54. 55. 56, 57, 60, 61, 63, 64, 

65, 66. 67. 69. 122, 12.5, 145, 
147. 148, 149, 150, 162. 171. 
185, 186 188. 226, 228. 229. 
231, 235, 237. 257. 268, 283, 
287, 293, 297. 302. 304, 305, 
306, 308, 316 



Stults, 137 

Sturgis, 59, 239 

Styles, 201 

Sullivan, 22, 98, 101, 104, 162, 

166, 168 
Sutherland, 47 
Sutphen (Sutphin). 44, 48, 

54, 57, 58, 62, 65, 67, 69, 131, 

139, 145, 146, 150, 175 203, 
' ' 237, 258, 296, 302, 803, 320 
^Button, 48, 54, 224 
Suvdam. 25, 45, 48, 117, 118, 
"138, 144, 179, 182, 183, 184, 

185, 217. 218, 219, 221. 222. 

256 257, 294, 295, 296, 297, 

316, 319 
Swan. 73. 128, 230, 306 
Swart, 57, 61, 305 
Sweesey, 145.' 146 
Sweley, 304 
Swese, 302 
Sy mines, 313 



Talmage, 48, 52. 65, 66, 67 

69, 149, 159, 229, 300, 307 
Tallman, 223 
Tapscott. 37 

Tarett, 59 

Taylor. 6. 48, 54, 65, 66, 67 

70. 145, 148, 150. 195. 

223, 229, 231, 235, 291. 
307, 308 

Tavnor, 55 

Teller. 64 

Teeple. 43, 65, 65, 68, 125, 

154 
Teiier. 64 
Ten Broeck, 59, 61, 302. 

3"5 
Ten Eyek, 25. 54, 56, 57, 

59, 61. 63. 65, 66, 67, 

69. 117, 144, 147. 149, 

158, 179. 200, 262, 226, 

228, 229, 230, 244, 246, 

301, 306. 307 
Tennant, 86 
Terhune. 65. 66, 67, 6S, 

133. 196. 20(5. 228, 288 
Terrell, 8, 174, 176 
Terret, 63 
Thacher, 167 
Thomas, 121, 209 
Thompson, 48. 53, 65, 67, 

69, 125. 134, 149. 229, 

264, 305 
Thorel. 2S2 
Thornton. 3, 10. 11 
Thorpe. 292 
Thru pp. 'J92 
Tice. 291 
Tillinghast, 217 
Tilton. 132 
TiPgley. 176. 244. 246 
Tine. 301. 303, 304 
Ti^on. 268 
Titaworth (Tietsoort), 

59, 62 
Toan, 107 
Todd, 37. 44. 48. 68, 69. 

147. 148. 149. 150, 177, 

224. 225. 22S. 230. 306, 
308 

Toland, 46 
Tompkins, 216 
Ton 1 in. 197 
Torbet. 113 
Tothune. 48 
Toto. 215 
Tot ten. 226 
Totterson, 62 
Townley, 223 
Traphagen. 58, 60. 65. 

145. 146. 302, 304 
Traynor, 227 
Trico. 2N3 



OS. 
308 



68, 
198, 

300, 



14 S, 



363, 

58. 

68, 

150, 

227, 



59, 



58, 



191, 



Trout man. 225 

Tucker, 30!, 30$ 

Tunison, 47, 51, 52. 61, 62, 03, 
65, 60. 67, 69, 109, 110, 111. 
112, 129, 144, 145, 146, 149, 
152, 197. 198, 224. 225, 228, 
229, 280, 231, 257, 264, 362, 
304, 306 

Turlvar, 120 

Tyssen. 123 

Updike. 224. 282 (see Op- 

dycke) 
Underbill, 299 

Vail. 48, 128, 132. 176. 200, 
223, 294 

Valentine, 146, 287 

Van Allen, 47 

Van Alstyne, 151, 299 

Van Anglen. 219 

Van Arsdale (Van Arsdal- 
en). 39. 43. 49. 51. 53. 54, 
58. 65. 67. 18. 69. 78, 127, 
130. 145, 146. 148. 149. 179. 

150, 184, 260, 225. 227, 228, 
""229, 230, 231. 232, 244, 301. 

303. 395, 306, 307, 308, 326 
Van Benthaysen, 52 
Van Bergh. 196 
Van Blerkum. 268 
Van Brike, 308 
Van Buskirk. 57 
Van Camp, 54, 60, 61 
Vance. 308 
Van Cleef. 28, 69. 138, 148. 1S4. 

198. 218, 221. 257. 291, 304 
Van Cowenhoven, 90, 93 

(see Cowenhoven) 
Van Dam. 313, 314 
Vandenberg. 57. 59. 60 
Vanderbeek, 56, 57, 59. 60, 63. 

64, 120, 129. 194 
Vanderburgh, 6 
Vanderbilt. 59. 60, 62. 64, 146. 

147, 219, 222, 302. 303, 30c. 

319. 320 
Van Derripe, 54 
Van Derveer, 49. 50. 51. 56. 

60. 65. 67. 69. 70, 109. 110. 

112, 113, 117, 125, 130, 146. 

149. 150, 152, 154. 182, 187, 

199. 206, 227, 228, 229, 230, 
231, 234, 235, 244, 26"). 282, 
288. 290. 304, 320 

Vandtr Vliet. 282 (see Van 

Vliet) 
Vandervoort. 54. 122. 234. 29° 
Van Deventer, 57. 60, 66, 116, 

134. 257 
Van Dewater. 151 
Van Doren (Van Dorn), 28. 

49. 54. .55. 65, 66, 67. 68, 69, 

115. 116, 139. 144. 148. 149, 

151. 162, 183, 187, 221. 222. 
223, 224, 228, 229. 230, 231. 
244. 289, 3o0, 307, SOS, 319 

Van Duvn (Van Dine), 44. 

55. 57, 60. 1S9, 219. 222. 

319 
Van Dyke (Van Dike), 49. 

52, 55. 65. 66, 69. 78, 115. 

129 158, 219 229, 224. 246, 

257. 350, 286, 287, M0, 365, 

308. 316 
Van Dyckhuys, 93 
Van Enden, ' 6 
Van Knde. . 363 
Van Etten <2. 303, 364, M 
Van Fine, t 
Van Flee 52. *2 (see Van 

Vliet. /liet) 
Van lh- ,len. 219 
Van II gel, 285 
Van } .'ck. 261 



328 



Index to Surnames 



sj 



Van Hoornbeeck, 96 

Van Horn (Van Home), 56, 

57, 56, 39, 62, 115, 268, 209, 

299, 301. 303, 300 
Van Hour en, 224 
Vanlever. 31C 
Van Liew, 54. 66. 6S. 139, 140, 

147, 149. 159, 160, 176, 179, 
183, 186, 219, 221. 226, 227, 
240, 2? 4, 257, 27*. 295, 297 

Van Lrflburgh, 49 

Van MiddLesworth (Van 

Middieswaert), 57, 59. 65. 

66, 67, 6S, 70, 80, 139, 145, 

148, 149. 150 192, 229, 230, 
231, 246, 301, 307, 308 

Van Muliner, 246 (see Mul- 

liner) 
Van Natter. 47 
Van Nest (Van Neste), 39. 

49, 52, 53, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 

62. 63, 64. 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 
110, 112, 130, 135, 145, 146, 

148, 149, 150. 152, 219, 221, 
225. 22S. 229, 2:50, 243, 24-1, 
245, 254, 281, 287, 301, 302, 
304. 300, 307 

Van Norden, 245 

Van Nortwick, 50. 222 

Van Nostrand, 25, 68. 69, 71. 

149, 1S4, 219, 228, 230, 279, 

302. 306, 306, 3o7, 316 

Van Nuys (Van Nuis), 25, 
51, 65, 67, 69, 134, 145. 14S, 

150, 228, 231, 2S5, 286, 2S8, 

303. 304, 308 
Van Orden, 49 

Van Pelt. 50, 61, 64, 67. 68. 

69, 148, 149, 197, 208. 215, 

219, 220, 223 228. 230, 290, 

296. 297, 301 
Van Ruvven, 265 
Van Santford, 84 
Van Sinderen, 116 
Van Stee. 59, 63, 145 
Van Syckle (Van Sickelen), 

47. 56. 57, 58, 59. 61. 63, 136, 

147, 197. 301, 303, 304, 305 
Van Tine. 148, 149. 183, 197, 

22S. 230, 256, 301 
Van Tuvi, 60 
Van Veghten. 54. 66. 127. 147, 

149, 190, 22S, 300, 307 (see 

Veghte) 
Van VIeek, 121 
Van Vliet. 57, 58, 60. 61, 62, 

63. 64. 121, 145. 146. 301. 
303 (see Vliet. Van Fleet) 

Van Voorhees, 91. 93, 1S6, 288 

(see Voorhees) 
Van Wagenen 56, 195, 212 

318 (see Wagoner) 
Van Wart. 138 
Van Werven, 282 
Van Wicklen, 186 
Van Wyck. 116 
Van Zandt, 49. 58. 61. 63, 64, 

65. 66. 67. 69, 78, 145, 220, 

222. 258. 307 
Varnev, 215 
Vastbender, 231 
Vaughan, 21, 25. 46 
Veal, 58 
Veghte, 49, 65, 67. 70. 138, 147. 

148. 149, 150, 219. 220, 224. 



228, 229, 239, 254, 297, 306, Whitehead, 66. 69. 150. 2B, 



307 (see Van Veghten) 
Verhoeve, 95. 96, 97 
Ver Keik, 15s, 159 
Vescelius, 223 
Vigo, 6. 75 
Vlerboom, 303. 304 
Vliet, 28, 49, 53, 117, 129. 139. Whitlock. 298 

198. 258 (see Van Vliet, Wtckwala, 313 

Van Fleet) 
Vogel, 274 
Volk, 52 

Von Bremen, 20i 
Vonk, 286 



22 8. 230 
Whitenack (White'-: ■ 

49. 52, 55. 66, 67, 7 

205, 224, 226, 23<J. 231 

307, 308 
Whiting. 201 



Wiggins. 244 
Wilbur, 207 

Will: ins, 78, 118 
Wilkinson, 47, 215, 236 
Willf-krns. 196 



Voorhees, 25. 27, 28, 29, 47, 49. Wilh-t. 300 (see Willits) 
51, 54, 65, 66, 67, 6S, 69, 106. 



Williams, 120, 201, 223, 3^>S 
115.116, 118, 134. 135, 137, 140. Willemse, 231 
148, 149. 150, ir-1. 159, m, Williamson, 29, 51, 55. 05, 68, 

110. 148, 182, 1S3, 220, 223, 
229, 257, 260, 289, 297,. 306, 
316 
Willing, 65. 66, 69 
Willits. 201 (see Willet) 



181, 182, 184, 185, 1S8, 187. 

193, 197, 198, 202, 208. .218, 

220. 221. 222, 22.-!, 224. 225, 

220. 227. 228. 220, 230, 231, 

240. 244. 246. 247, 256, 2^.7, 



258, 260, 261, 285, 289, 294, Wilmoth, 66, 69 



Wilson, 47, 49, 54, 116, 131. 

206. 2?0, 293, 300 
Wilton, 3K> 



295, 296, 297, 298 299, 306, 

307, 308. 315, 820 
Vos. 56 
Vosseller, 49, 53. 65, 1 17, 149, Winans. 229, 2J0 

150, 197, 199, 202, 212, 228, Winfield. 212 

230, 254, 308 
Vredenburgh 47, 60, 66, 67, 

69. 148. 150. 159, 228, 229, 

231. 235, 307 
Vreeland, 55. 198, 279 
Vroom. 49, 50, 52, 57, 59, 61, 

62. 65, 66, 68, 69. 74, 80, 110, 
112. 1.47, 148, 149, 150, 171. 
176, 197, 228, 229. 231, 244, 
254-250. 304, 300, 307, 308 



168 



Waek, 53 

Wagoner, 56, 60 (see Van 

Wagenen) 
Waldron, 53, 55, 57, 59, 63, P7, 

68. 117, 149, 184, 213. 221, 

229. 231, 285, 302. 304, 316 
Walkiey. 188 
Wallace, 8, 167. 2S1 
Walter, 138. 220, 221 
Walton, 226 
'Ward, 270 
Warren, 129. 226 
Washington, 15-24, 77, 

105, 111, 154, 161-167. 

169, 170, 259, 275, 278 
Watson. 15 
Watts, 52 
Wayne, 166, 169 
Weasmer, 210 
Wen ver. 177, 194. 240 
Weber, 284 

Webster. 149. 226. 228. 2 
Weeks. 235 
Welch. 47 
Welden, 66, 68. 148 
Welling, 148. 2i0 
Wells. 61. 240 
Wene, 304 
West. 225 
Westbrook, 192 
Wetherall. 220 
Wheeler, 223 
Whitaker, 41. 49, 197, 244 
White. 77, 225. 260 
Whitefield. 86 



Win so r. 225 

Wintersteen, 65, 67, 69, 149, 

228, 231 
Wirts. 69 

Withers poon. 243, 2 ±4. 246 
Wolf, 292, 275 
Wolford. 212 
Wood. 54. 57, 203, 239, 260, 

316 
Woodard. 29 
Wood hull. 53 
Woodruff. 230. 256 
Woodward. 194 
Woollen. 12, 13 
Work, 317 

Worley. 65, 66, 69. 307 - 
Worth. 315. 316 
<Wortman, 50. 57. 5S. 62, 67. 

69. 110. 130, 145. 146. 14S. 

149, 199. 200. 227. 229, 230. 
\ 231. 200. 306, 308 
JWright 44. 128. 201. 250. 282 
Wuhlhauer, 282 
S7- Wurts. 66 

Wvckoff (Wikof, etc.). 28, 

29, 49. 53, 54. 56. 57. 58, 59, 

60. 61. 63. 90, 117. 134-139, 

140, 142. 144. 154). 159. 184. 

1S6. 1^7. 202. 207-21S. 219. 

220, 221. 222. 223. 224. 226. 

227. 229. 230. 231. 844 

261. 277. 28S-294, 298 

3<>4. 305, 316. 32;) 
Wyhnskey. 2)0 



Yansey, 201 
Yates. 27 1. 208 
Yawger. 211 
Yorks, 184 
Youmans, 2>9 
Young, 52. 54. 



55. 240 



Zabriskie. 206 
Z a h n i s e r . 198, 203 
Zoo wad a. 225 
Zutphen (s- e Sutphen) 

Zuy linger. 61